Road vehicles -- Tests for rigid plastic safety glazing materials

ISO 15082:2016 specifies commonly used test methods relating to the safety requirements for rigid plastic safety glazing materials in a road vehicle, regardless of the type of plastic of which they are composed.

Véhicules routiers -- Essais pour les vitrages de sécurité rigides en matières plastiques

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Status
Published
Publication Date
08-Nov-2016
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
14-Oct-2016
Completion Date
09-Nov-2016
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 15082
Second edition
2016-11-15
Road vehicles — Tests for rigid plastic
safety glazing materials
Véhicules routiers — Essais pour les vitrages de sécurité rigides en
matières plastiques
Reference number
ISO 15082:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 15082:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
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copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 15082:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Test conditions ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

5 Conditioning of test specimens ............................................................................................................................................................. 1

6 Application of tests............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

7 Optical properties test .................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

8 Head-form/fragmentation test .............................................................................................................................................................. 2

8.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

8.2 Apparatus .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

8.3 Test specimens ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

8.4 Procedure .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

8.5 Expression of results .......................................................................................................................................................................... 4

9 Head-form test with deceleration measurement ............................................................................................................... 5

9.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

9.2 Test conditions ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

9.3 Conditioning of test pieces ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.4 Apparatus .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.5 Calibration procedure and adjustment of the head-form ...............................................................................11

9.6 Test pieces ................................................................................................................................................................................................12

9.7 Test procedure ......................................................................................................................................................................................12

9.8 Evaluation .................................................................................................................................................................................................13

9.9 Expression of results .......................................................................................................................................................................14

10 Ball test ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

10.1 227 g ball test ........................................................................................................................................................................................14

10.1.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................14

10.1.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................14

10.1.3 Test specimens................................................................................................................................................................15

10.1.4 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................15

10.1.5 Expression of results .................................................................................................................................................16

10.2 2260 g ball test .....................................................................................................................................................................................16

10.2.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................16

10.2.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................16

10.2.3 Test specimens................................................................................................................................................................16

10.2.4 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................16

10.2.5 Expression of results .................................................................................................................................................16

11 Abrasion resistance test ............................................................................................................................................................................17

11.1 Principle .....................................................................................................................................................................................................17

11.2 Abrasion resistance under dry conditions ...................................................................................................................17

11.2.1 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................17

11.3 Test specimens .....................................................................................................................................................................................21

11.4 Standardization of abrading wheels ..................................................................................................................................21

11.5 Procedure .................................................................................................................................................................................................21

11.5.1 Cleaning ................................................................................................................................................................................22

11.5.2 Conditioning .....................................................................................................................................................................22

11.5.3 Initial haze measurement......................................................................................................................................22

11.5.4 Abrasion ...............................................................................................................................................................................22

11.5.5 After abrasion ..................................................................................................................................................................23

11.5.6 Final haze measurement ........................................................................................................................................23

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 15082:2016(E)

11.6 Expression of results .......................................................................................................................................................................24

11.7 Abrasion resistance under wet conditions (car wash test) ...........................................................................25

11.7.1 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................25

11.7.2 Reagents ...............................................................................................................................................................................27

11.7.3 Test specimens................................................................................................................................................................27

11.7.4 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................28

11.7.5 Expression of results .................................................................................................................................................28

12 Cross-cut test .........................................................................................................................................................................................................28

12.1 Principle .....................................................................................................................................................................................................28

12.2 Apparatus .................................................................................................................................................................................................28

12.3 Test specimens .....................................................................................................................................................................................29

12.4 Procedure .................................................................................................................................................................................................29

12.5 Expression of results .......................................................................................................................................................................30

13 Chemical resistance test ............................................................................................................................................................................30

13.1 Principle .....................................................................................................................................................................................................30

13.2 Chemical agents ..................................................................................................................................................................................30

13.3 Test specimens .....................................................................................................................................................................................30

13.4 Test procedure ......................................................................................................................................................................................31

13.5 Expression of results .......................................................................................................................................................................32

14 Resistance to simulated weathering test .................................................................................................................................32

14.1 Principle .....................................................................................................................................................................................................32

14.2 Exposure apparatus .........................................................................................................................................................................32

14.2.1 Long arc xenon lamp .................................................................................................................................................32

14.2.2 Measurements .................................................................................................................................................................33

14.3 Test specimens .....................................................................................................................................................................................33

14.4 Procedure .................................................................................................................................................................................................33

14.4.1 Temperature .....................................................................................................................................................................34

14.4.2 Relative humidity .........................................................................................................................................................34

14.4.3 Water .......................................................................................................................................................................................35

14.5 Evaluation .................................................................................................................................................................................................35

14.6 Expression of results .......................................................................................................................................................................35

14.7 Report of test parameters ...........................................................................................................................................................35

15 Fire resistance test ..........................................................................................................................................................................................36

15.1 Principle .....................................................................................................................................................................................................36

15.2 Apparatus .................................................................................................................................................................................................36

15.3 Test specimens .....................................................................................................................................................................................36

15.4 Test procedure ......................................................................................................................................................................................36

15.5 Expression of results .......................................................................................................................................................................37

Annex A (informative) Flexibility/rigidity categorization test for plastic safety glazing material ..38

Annex B (informative) Vacuum pick-up nozzle modification ..................................................................................................39

Annex C (normative) Calibration of the washing equipment ..................................................................................................40

Annex D (informative) Calibration verification of Taber abraser .......................................................................................42

Annex E (informative) Round robin test results to determine values for AS 4000S hard-

coated polycarbonate reference samples in the Taber abrasion test .........................................................44

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................45

iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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ISO 15082:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 22, Road vehicles, Subcommittee SC 35, Lighting

and visibility.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 15082:1999), which has been technically

revised.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15082:2016(E)
Road vehicles — Tests for rigid plastic safety glazing
materials
1 Scope

This document specifies commonly used test methods relating to the safety requirements for rigid

plastic safety glazing materials in a road vehicle, regardless of the type of plastic of which they are

composed.

NOTE 1 Plastic safety glazing materials are classified as rigid or flexible by use of the test described in

Annex A.
NOTE 2 Further test methods might be defined in separate standards.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 48, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of hardness (hardness between 10 IRHD and

100 IRHD)

ISO 3538, Road vehicles — Safety glazing materials — Test methods for optical properties

ISO 4892-2:2013, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 2: Xenon-arc lamps

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 3536 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
4 Test conditions

Unless otherwise specified, the tests shall be carried out under the following conditions:

— ambient temperature: 20 °C ± 5 °C;
— atmospheric pressure: 86 kPa to 106 kPa (860 mbar to 1 060 mbar);
— relative humidity: (60 ± 20) %.
5 Conditioning of test specimens

Unless otherwise specified, all test specimens to be tested shall be conditioned prior to testing under

the following conditions and for the following periods of time:
— ambient temperature: 23 °C ± 2 °C for at least 48 h;
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 15082:2016(E)
— ambient relative humidity: (50 ± 5) % for at least 48 h;
— low temperature: –18 °C ± 2 °C for at least 24 h.
6 Application of tests

For certain types of safety glazing material, it is not necessary to carry out all the tests specified in this

document.
7 Optical properties test
Test plastic safety glazing materials in accordance with ISO 3538.
8 Head-form/fragmentation test
8.1 Principle

Determine the fragmentation characteristics of plastic safety glazing materials at ambient temperature.

8.2 Apparatus

8.2.1 Head-form weight, shall be a spherical or semi-spherical head made of laminated hardwood

covered with replaceable felt and with or without a cross-beam made of wood.

Between the spherical part and the cross-beam, there is a neck shaped intermediate piece and on the

other side of the cross-beam, a mounting rod.
The dimensions shall be in accordance with Figure 1.
The total mass of the apparatus shall be 10 kg ± 0,2 kg.
2 © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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ISO 15082:2016(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
SR 95 ±1
500
Key
1 mounting rod
2 intermediate piece
3 cross-beam (optional)
4 head
5 felt cover 5 mm thick
Figure 1 — Head-form weight
8.2.2 Drop.

The means for dropping the head-form weight freely from a height is to be specified, or the means for

giving the weight a velocity equivalent to that obtained by the free fall.

When a device to project the head-form weight is used, the tolerance on velocity shall be ±1 % of the

velocity equivalent to that obtained by the free fall.
8.2.3 Supporting fixture for testing flat test specimens, as show in Figure 2.

The fixture is composed of two steel frames, with 50 mm wide machined edges, fitting one over the

other and faced with rubber gaskets about 3 mm ± 0,5 mm thick, and 15 mm ± 1 mm wide, of hardness

70 IRHD, measured in accordance with ISO 48. The upper frame is pressed against the lower frame by

at least eight bolts; the minimum recommended torque for M20 bolts is 30 Nm. Alternatively, other

pressing techniques may be used, e.g. hydraulic or pneumatic pressing (see 8.4).
8.3 Test specimens
+5 +5

Test specimens shall be flat rectangles with length 1 100 mm mm and width 500 mm mm.

−2 −2
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 3
70 100 ≈500
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ISO 15082:2016(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
105
1 070
1 170
Key
1 rubber gasket
2 bolt
Figure 2 — Support for head-form tests
8.4 Procedure

Place a conditioned test specimen in the supporting fixture (Figure 2); the torque on the bolts, or the

amount of hydraulic or pneumatic pressure, shall ensure that the movement of the test specimen during

the test will not exceed 2 mm. The plane of the test specimen shall be substantially perpendicular to the

incident direction of the head-form weight.

The head-form weight shall strike the test specimen, from a height to be specified, within 40 mm of its

centre on that face which represents the inside face of the plastic safety glazing material when mounted

on the vehicle, and shall be allowed to make only one impact.
The felt cover shall be replaced after 12 tests or when damaged.
8.5 Expression of results

Evaluate the fracture characteristics of the plastic safety glazing material by recording whether the

test specimen did not break and the head-form was supported, or the test specimen broke and the head-

form was supported, or the test specimen broke and the head-form was not supported. Record the drop

height for each impact test.

In the event of fracture, evaluate the plastic safety glazing material by recording the smallest angle

between two adjacent sides of resulting fragments and the area, longest dimension, and weight of the

largest fragment. Record this data for the fragments remaining in the supporting fixture and for those

that are dislodged from the supporting fixture.
4 © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
470
570
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ISO 15082:2016(E)
9 Head-form test with deceleration measurement
9.1 Principle

Assessment of the minimum strength and fragmentation characteristics of plastic safety glazing

materials under impact from a blunt, bulky object at ambient temperature. The danger of skull-brain-

injuries is assessed by simultaneous determination of the HIC (head injury criterion)-values.

Tests can be performed on flat specimens or on complete panes.
9.2 Test conditions

Unless otherwise specified, the test shall be carried out under the following conditions:

— ambient temperature: 20 °C ± 5 °C;
— atmospheric pressure: 86 kPa to 106 kPa (860 mbar to 1 060 mbar);
— relative humidity: (60 ± 20) %.
9.3 Conditioning of test pieces

Unless otherwise specified, the test pieces to be tested shall be conditioned prior to testing under the

following conditions and for the following periods of time:
— ambient temperature: 23 °C ± 2 °C for at least 48 h;
— ambient relative humidity: (50 ± 5) % for at least 48 h.
9.4 Apparatus

To perform the head-form test with deceleration measurement, a test apparatus according to Figure 3

can be used. The head-form (see 9.4.1 and Figure 4) is fixed to the cross arm of the guide system and

moved to the required drop height by means of a lifting device. To start the drop test the cross arm with

the head-form is released. After passing the height-adjustable light barrier the head-form is released

from the cross arm, the cross arm’s fall is dampened and the head-form drops onto the test piece.

Instead of the data transmission via cables, wireless data transmission (e.g. radio transmission) may be

used. In this case,the guide system can be omitted because of no risk of obstruction of the free vertical

drop by any cables.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 5
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ISO 15082:2016(E)
Key
1 lifting device
2 re
...

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