Packaging -- Labelling and direct product marking with linear bar code and two-dimensional symbols

ISO 28219:2017 - defines minimum requirements for identifying items, - provides guidelines for item marking with machine-readable symbols, - covers both labels and direct marking of items, - includes testing procedures for label adhesive characteristics and mark durability, - provides guidance for the formatting on the label of data presented in linear bar code, two-dimensional symbol or human-readable form, - is intended for applications which include, but are not limited to, support of systems that automate the control of items during the processes of: - production, - inventory, - distribution, - field service, - point of sale, - point of care, - repair, and - is intended to include, but it is not limited to, multiple industries including: - automotive, - aerospace, - chemical, - consumer items, - electronics, - health care, - marine, - rail, - telecommunications. The location and application method of the marking are not defined (these will be reviewed and agreed upon by suppliers and manufacturers and their trading partners before implementing ISO 28219:2017). ISO 28219:2017 does not supersede or replace any applicable safety or regulatory marking or labelling requirements. ISO 28219:2017 is meant to satisfy the minimum item marking requirements of numerous applications and industry groups and as such its applicability is to a wide range of industries, each of which may have specific implementation guidelines for it. ISO 28219:2017 is to be applied in addition to any other mandated labelling direct-marking requirements. The labelling and direct marking requirement of ISO 28219:2017 and other standards can be combined into one label or marking area or appear as separate labels or marking areas. ISO 28219:2017 uses the terms "part marking" and "item marking" interchangeably. Unless otherwise stated, ISO 28219:2017 will use the term "item marking" to describe both the labelling and direct part marking (DPM) of an item, where DPM includes, but is not limited to, altering (e.g. dot peen, laser etch, chemical etch), as well as additive type processes (e.g. ink jet, vacuum deposition). The purpose of ISO 28219:2017 is to establish the machine-readable (linear, two-dimensional, and composite symbols) and human-readable content for direct marking and labelling of items, parts, and components. ISO 28219:2017 provides a means for items, parts and components to be marked, and read in either fixtured or hand-held scanning environments at any manufacturer's facility and then read by customers purchasing items for subsequent manufacturing operations or for final end use. Intended applications include, but are not limited to, supply chain applications, e.g. inventory, distribution, manufacturing, quality control, acquisition, transportation, supply, repair, and disposal. The figures are illustrative and not necessarily to scale or to the quality requirements specified in ISO 28219:2017.

Emballage -- Étiquetage et marquage direct sur le produit avec un code à barres et des symboles bidimensionnels

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Sep-2017
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
15-Aug-2017
Completion Date
26-Sep-2017
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 28219
Second edition
2017-09
Packaging — Labelling and direct
product marking with linear bar code
and two-dimensional symbols
Emballage — Étiquetage et marquage direct sur le produit avec un
code à barres et des symboles bidimensionnels
Reference number
ISO 28219:2017(E)
ISO 2017
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 28219:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

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written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

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ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 28219:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1 Identification ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1.2 Unique item identification ....................................................................................................................................... 5

4.1.3 Lot or batch identification ....................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2 Data format common requirements ..................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2.2 General format ................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2.3 Mandatory data fields .................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.2.4 Optional data fields .....................................................................................................................................................11

4.2.5 Syntax .....................................................................................................................................................................................13

4.3 General layout and location ......................................................................................................................................................14

4.3.1 Layout .....................................................................................................................................................................................14

4.3.2 Location ................................................................................................................................................................................14

4.3.3 Linear bar code titles ................................................................................................................................................14

4.3.4 Human-readable interpretation ......................................................................................................................14

4.4 Symbol requirements .....................................................................................................................................................................15

4.4.1 Symbology recommendations ...........................................................................................................................15

4.4.2 Linear bar code symbol requirements .......................................................................................................15

4.4.3 Two-dimensional symbol requirements ..................................................................................................17

4.4.4 Composite symbol requirements ...................................................................................................................23

4.5 Adhesive requirements .................................................................................................................................................................25

Annex A (informative) Label adhesive characteristics and mark durability ...........................................................26

Annex B (informative) Partial list of commonly used identifiers ........................................................................................34

Annex C (informative) Subset of ISO/IEC 646 (table of hexadecimal and decimal values) ......................36

Annex D (informative) User guidance for implementation of the ISO/IEC 15434 data syntax ............38

Annex E (informative) For applications using Code 39 and Code 128 symbologies ........................................39

Annex F (informative) Using DUNS , with ASC MH10 Data Identifiers (DIs) in linear bar

code and two-dimensional symbols ..............................................................................................................................................43

Annex G (informative) Register of issuing agency codes (IACs) for ISO/IEC 15459 .........................................45

Annex H (informative) Serialization of some electronics products ..................................................................................46

Annex I (informative) MOD 36 interior service number “check character” calculation .............................52

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................54

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 28219:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 122, Packaging.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 28219:2009), which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 28219:2017(E)
Introduction

Today, global industries widely use machine-readable markings on products for inventory control,

quality control, and product life cycle management. Common technologies, data structures,

conformance, and applications standards are necessary to enable all trading partners to use such

markings internally and throughout the supply chain.

A number of different product labelling and marking standards exist, each designed to meet the

requirements of the specific industry sector. For effective and economic use within and between

industry sectors, one common multi-industry standard is a necessity.

A standard linear bar code or two-dimensional symbol marked on a product or part will facilitate the

automation of inventory control, quality control, and product life cycle management. The linear bar code

or two-dimensional symbol information on the product can be used as a key to access the appropriate

database that contains detailed information about the product, including information transmitted via

EDI. In addition, a product mark can contain other information as agreed between the trading partners.

This document does not supersede or replace any applicable safety or regulatory marking or labelling

requirements. This document is meant to satisfy the minimum product package requirements of

numerous applications and industry groups. As such, its applicability is to a wide range of industries,

each of which can have specific implementation guidelines for this document. This document is intended

to be applied in addition to any other mandated labelling requirements.
This document supersedes and replaces ANS MH10.8.7.
This document supersedes and replaces CEA-802.
This document supersedes and replaces CEA-621-A.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 28219:2017(E)
Packaging — Labelling and direct product marking with
linear bar code and two-dimensional symbols
1 Scope
This document
— defines minimum requirements for identifying items,
— provides guidelines for item marking with machine-readable symbols,
— covers both labels and direct marking of items,

— includes testing procedures for label adhesive characteristics and mark durability,

— provides guidance for the formatting on the label of data presented in linear bar code, two-

dimensional symbol or human-readable form,

— is intended for applications which include, but are not limited to, support of systems that automate

the control of items during the processes of:
— production,
— inventory,
— distribution,
— field service,
— point of sale,
— point of care,
— repair, and

— is intended to include, but it is not limited to, multiple industries including:

— automotive,
— aerospace,
— chemical,
— consumer items,
— electronics,
— health care,
— marine,
— rail,
— telecommunications.

The location and application method of the marking are not defined (these will be reviewed and agreed

upon by suppliers and manufacturers and their trading partners before implementing this document).

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 28219:2017(E)

This document does not supersede or replace any applicable safety or regulatory marking or labelling

requirements. This document is meant to satisfy the minimum item marking requirements of numerous

applications and industry groups and as such its applicability is to a wide range of industries, each of

which may have specific implementation guidelines for it. This document is to be applied in addition to

any other mandated labelling direct-marking requirements.

The labelling and direct marking requirement of this document and other standards can be combined

into one label or marking area or appear as separate labels or marking areas.

This document uses the terms “part marking” and “item marking” interchangeably. Unless otherwise

stated, this document will use the term “item marking” to describe both the labelling and direct part

marking (DPM) of an item, where DPM includes, but is not limited to, altering (e.g. dot peen, laser etch,

chemical etch), as well as additive type processes (e.g. ink jet, vacuum deposition).

The purpose of this document is to establish the machine-readable (linear, two-dimensional, and

composite symbols) and human-readable content for direct marking and labelling of items, parts, and

components.

This document provides a means for items, parts and components to be marked, and read in either

fixtured or hand-held scanning environments at any manufacturer’s facility and then read by customers

purchasing items for subsequent manufacturing operations or for final end use. Intended applications

include, but are not limited to, supply chain applications, e.g. inventory, distribution, manufacturing,

quality control, acquisition, transportation, supply, repair, and disposal.

The figures are illustrative and not necessarily to scale or to the quality requirements specified in this

document.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 21067, Packaging — Vocabulary

ISO/IEC 646, Information technology — ISO 7-bit coded character set for information interchange

ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 1: Country codes

ISO/IEC 15415, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Bar

code symbol print quality test specification — Two-dimensional symbols

ISO/IEC 15416, Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Bar code print quality test

specification — Linear symbols

ISO/IEC 15417, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Code

128 bar code symbology specification

ISO/IEC 15434, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Syntax

for high-capacity ADC media

ISO/IEC 15438, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — PDF417

bar code symbology specification

ISO/IEC 15459-2, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques —

Unique identification — Part 2: Registration procedures

ISO/IEC 16022, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Data

Matrix bar code symbology specification
2 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 28219:2017(E)

ISO/IEC 16388, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Code

39 bar code symbology specification

ISO/IEC 18004, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — QR

Code bar code symbology specification

ISO/IEC 19762, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) techniques —

Harmonized vocabulary

ISO/IEC 24723, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — GS1

Composite bar code symbology specification

ISO/IEC 24728, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques —

MicroPDF417 bar code symbology specification

ANS ATIS-0300213, American National Standard for Telecommunication — Coded Identification of

Equipment Entities of the North American Telecommunications System for Information Exchange

ANS MH10.8.2, Data Application Identifier Standard
Dun & Bradstreet (D&B), DUNS® Number
GS1, General Specifications
NAMSA, ACodP-1(D), Chapter 2, Subsection 242-243, (NCAGE)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 19762 and ISO 21067 and

the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
cell
smallest element of a two-dimensional matrix symbol
3.2
CLEI code

coding structure maintained by Telcordia d.b.a. iconectiv that identifies communications equipment

and describes product type, features, source document and associated drawings and vintages per

ANS ATIS-0300213
3.3
components

parts (bare printed circuit board, integrated circuits, capacitor, diodes, switch, valve, spring, bearing,

bracket, bolt, etc.) of a first level/modular assembly (3.6)
3.4
data element separator
specified character used to delimit discrete fields of data

1) DUNS® Number is an example of a suitable product available commercially. This information is given for the

convenience of users of this document and does not constitute an endorsement by ISO of this product.

2) CLEI coder is an example of a suitable product available commercially. This information is given for the

convenience of users of this document and does not constitute an endorsement by ISO of this product.

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 28219:2017(E)
3.5
DUNS® Number

nine-digit number, issued by D&B, assigned to each business location in the D&B database, having a

unique, separate, and distinct operation for the purpose of identifying them
3.6
first level
modular assembly

manufactured item (3.8) (populated printed circuit board, hydraulic pump, starter, dashboard

assembly, door assembly, etc.) made up of components (3.3)
3.7
Global Trade Item Number
GTIN
GS1 identification key used to identify trade items

Note 1 to entry: The key comprises a GS1 Company Prefix, an item reference and a check digit.

3.8
item
product

first level or higher assembly that is sold in a complete end-usable configuration

3.9
label

adhesive backed media capable of being marked with information in machine-readable and/or human-

readable form

Note 1 to entry: Both labels and direct marking methods are referred to in this document under the term “label”.

3.10
manufacturer

actual producer or fabricator of an item (3.8), not necessarily the supplier (3.11) in a transaction

3.11
supplier
party that produces, provides, or furnishes an item (3.8) or service
3.12
traceability identification

string of characters assigned to identify or trace an entity or a unique group of entities (e.g. lot, batch,

item (3.8), revision/version or serial number)
4 Requirements
4.1 Identification
4.1.1 General

Enterprises may choose to assign uniqueness to items at the individual, group, or product level.

Individual uniqueness requires serialization or one-of-a-kind production, see 4.1.2 and 4.2.3.3. A lot or

batch number captures group uniqueness, see 4.1.3 and 4.2.3.3. A product code is an example of item

uniqueness, see 4.2.3.4.

3) DUNS® Number is an example of a suitable product available commercially. This information is given for the

convenience of users of this document and does not constitute an endorsement by ISO of this product.

4 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 28219:2017(E)
4.1.2 Unique item identification

Items may be assigned a unique item identification code to each instance of the item, i.e. serialization.

Serial numbers shall be unique either within an enterprise ID or within enterprise ID + part number.

When using unique identification, the encoded symbol shall contain only one enterprise identifier,

serial number and/or original part number to avoid confusion and ensure uniqueness.

4.1.3 Lot or batch identification

Items can have group uniqueness applied by an enterprise. Some items are assigned group identification,

e.g. lot or batch number.
4.2 Data format common requirements
4.2.1 General

Those implementing this document should refer to the guidelines for their particular industries. For a

partial list of industry guidelines, see the Bibliography.
4.2.2 General format
4.2.2.1 Overview

Labels will accommodate both mandatory and optional data fields. The maximum length of each

discrete data field shall be 25 data characters unless otherwise specified. This character count is

exclusive of overhead characters.
See Annex H for information on serialization of some electronic products.

All data elements encoded in a machine-readable medium shall be preceded by the appropriate Data

Identifier (DI) as defined in ANS MH10.8.2 Data Identifier, or the appropriate Application Identifier (AI)

defined in the GS1 General Specifications. The exceptions to this rule are the UPC-A, UPC-E, EAN-8, and

EAN-13 symbologies.

The choice between DIs and GS1 AIs, for any user, will normally be determined in the applicable industry

convention being followed.

Other industries developing item identification conventions should consider business practices,

information requirements and systems capabilities of the trading partners in choosing between DIs

and GS1 AIs. See Annex B for a list of commonly used DIs and the equivalent AIs.

The character set shall be upper case alphabetic characters (A to Z), numeric digits (0 to 9), and

the five characters [dash (–), period (.), space ( ), solidus (/) and plus sign (+)], as permitted within

the applicable identifier standard, ANSI MH10.8.2 or the GS1 General Specification. Further, the

recommended field separators, record separators, segment terminators and compliance indicator

contained in ISO/IEC 15434 are part of the allowable character set. A table of these characters and their

hexadecimal and decimal equivalent is given in Annex C. The actual character set employed conforming

to this document shall be the character set permitted by the data field and not the symbology. It is

recommended that the resultant data stream from scanning a 2D symbol follow the syntax described

in ISO/IEC 15434. See Annex D for guidance on the implementation of the ISO/IEC 15434 data syntax.

4.2.2.2 Data identifiers (DIs)

The descriptions in the DI list are general in nature and are used in industrial and international

applications. Specific application guidelines provide the detailed definition used among trading

partners.

The full list of registered DIs and the full specification for their use are found in the American National

Standard MH10.8.2.
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ISO 28219:2017(E)

DIs may be used with any alphanumeric data carrier and are designed to ensure cross-industry

commonality of Data Identifiers used in automatic identification technologies.

DIs have a format of one alphabetic character alone or one alphabetic character prefixed by one, two or

three numeric characters.
4.2.2.3 GS1 Application Identifiers (AIs)

The definitions of the GS1 AIs are supported by application guidelines. The GS1 AIs, and associated

guidelines, have been designed for international and multi-sector trading purposes.

The GS1 item identification system and related encoding standard are complemented by the GS1

maintained AIs. This document comprises two principal elements, which are the key to any encoding

system: the data content and the data carrier.
The use of GS1 AIs is subject to the rules established by GS1.

GS1 AIs identify generic and simple data fields for use in cross-sector and international supply chain

applications. The GS1 General Specifications provide rules for the definition, format and structure of

the data fields.
Each GS1 AI consists of two, three or four characters.
4.2.2.4 Organization inclusion in coding

It is recommended that data structures used to identify items or the traceability of items include

identification of the organization providing the coding, as well as the specific coding structure.

In the GS1 General Specifications, this coding structure is the GS1 Company Prefix portion of the global

trade item number (GTIN).

When telecommunications companies use the CLEI Code, the coding structure is specified in ANS ATIS-

0300213. The CLEI Code is always 10 characters and the structure is as follows: a basic code (four

alphanumeric characters) representing the technology or equipment type and consisting of a family

code (two alphanumeric characters), sub-family code (two alphanumeric characters), a features

code (three alphanumeric characters) to represent attributes of the equipment, reference code (one

alphanumeric character) to represent the manufacturer of the equipment within the basic code and

a complemental code (two alphanumeric characters) to identify vintage or version of the equipment.

When using DIs, this coding structure uses the issuing agency code (IAC) established in ISO/IEC 15459-

2 and the company identification number (CIN) assigned by the issuing agency.

See Annex G for information about the register of issuing agency codes (IACs) for ISO/IEC 15459.

4.2.3 Mandatory data fields
4.2.3.1 General
Mandatory data fields are given in Table 1.
6 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 28219:2017(E)
Table 1 — Item identification code type
Item identification type Mandatory fields
1. Commodity Item identification code (example nails)
2. Non-traceable Enterprise identification code
Item identification code
3. Group traceability Enterprise identification code
Item identification code
Unique lot or batch traceability code
4. Unique serialization within item Enterprise identification code
identification code
Item identification code
Unique individual item identification code
5. Unique serialization within enterprise Enterprise identification code
Unique item traceability code within enterprise
identification code

The enterprise identification code and item identification code may be combined in a single data field,

see 4.2.3.4.
4.2.3.2 Enterprise identification code

The enterprise identification code shall use formats contained in Table 2 and Table 3. The use of

more than one enterprise identification code preceded by DI 20V is permitted on an item. The choice

of enterprise identification code(s) should be mutually agreed upon between trading partners. The

appropriate DI shall precede the enterprise identification when separate data fields are used to identify

the supplier and the item identification.
Table 2 — Data Identifiers used for enterprise identification
Data characteristics
Data Type followed by the
Data field Description
Identifier number of characters
(e.g. a#, n#, an#)
18V Combined IAC/CIN an3+an1..3+an3..13 Combined IAC/CIN
12V DUNS® Number an3+n9 Entity (manufacturer) identification
Identifying assigned by Dun and Bradstreet
Manufacturer
17V US Department of an3+an5 Company identification assigned by the US
Defence (DoD) CAGE Department of Defence
Code/NAMSA NCAGE
20V Company an3+an1..3+an3..13+“+”+an3 Combined IAC/CIN and Party Qualifier
identification Code (EDIFACT DE 3035)
21V Supplier an3 +an...25 Combined IAC/CIN followed by an
identification internally assigned entity identification

The characters before the first “+” symbol describe the format of the DI or AI. Note that the “+” symbols are not encoded

in the data except for “+” in 20V.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 7
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ISO 28219:2017(E)
Table 3 — Application Identifiers used for enterprise identification
Data characteristics
Application Type followed by the
Data field Description
Identifier number of characters
(e.g. a#, n#, an#)
N/A Part number n12 UPC-A Symbology (combination of supplier
(supplier/item) and item identification)
UPC-A (GTIN-12)
N/A Part number n13 EAN-13 Symbology (combination of
(supplier/item) supplier and item identification)
EAN-13 (GTIN-13)
01 Part number n2+n14 GS1–128, GS1 Data Bar Expanded and GS1
...

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