Steel and steel products -- General technical delivery requirements

ISO 404:2013 specifies the general technical delivery requirements for all steel products covered by ISO 6929, with the exception of steel castings and powder metallurgical products. ISO 10474 describes the inspection documents to be used. Where the delivery requirements agreed upon for the order or specified in the appropriate product or material standard differ from the general technical delivery requirements defined in ISO 404:2013, then it is the requirements agreed for ordering or specified in the appropriate product or material standard that apply.

Aciers et produits sidérurgiques -- Conditions générales techniques de livraison

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-Jun-2013
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
30-May-2013
Completion Date
21-Jun-2013
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 404
Third edition
2013-07-01
Steel and steel products — General
technical delivery requirements
Aciers et produits sidérurgiques — Conditions générales techniques
de livraison
Reference number
ISO 404:2013(E)
ISO 2013
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ISO 404:2013(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2013

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

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written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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ISO 404:2013(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Definitions ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Information to be supplied by the purchaser......................................................................................................................... 3

5 Manufacturing process .................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

6 Supply by an intermediary ......................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.2 Chemical composition ...................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.3 Mechanical properties ...................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.4 Surface and internal quality ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

8 Inspection and testing .................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.1 Types of inspection documents and inspection and testing ............................................................................ 6

8.2 Non-specific inspection and testing ...................................................................................................................................... 6

8.3 Specific inspection and testing .................................................................................................................................................. 6

8.4 Invalidation of test results ............................................................................................................................................................ 9

8.5 Rounding of results of mechanical and chemical tests ......................................................................................10

9 Sorting and reprocessing ..........................................................................................................................................................................10

10 Marking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

11 Disputes ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 404:2013(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. www.iso.org/directives

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of any

patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or on

the ISO list of patent declarations received. www.iso.org/patents

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 17, Steel, Subcommittee SC 20, General technical

delivery conditions, sampling and mechanical testing methods.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 404:1992), which has been technically revised.

iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 404:2013(E)
Steel and steel products — General technical delivery
requirements
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies the general technical delivery requirements for all steel products

covered by ISO 6929, with the exception of steel castings and powder metallurgical products.

ISO 10474 describes the inspection documents to be used.

Where the delivery requirements agreed upon for the order or specified in the appropriate product or

material standard differ from the general technical delivery requirements defined in this International

Standard, then it is the requirements agreed for ordering or specified in the appropriate product or

material standard that apply.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 377, Steel and steel products — Location and preparation of samples and test pieces for mechanical testing

ISO 4948-1, Steels — Classification — Part 1: Classification of steels into unalloyed and alloy steels based on

chemical composition

ISO 4948-2, Steels — Classification — Part 2: Classification of unalloyed and alloy steels according to main

quality classes and main property or application characteristics
ISO 6929, Steel products — Vocabulary
ISO 10474, Steel and steel products — Inspection documents

ISO 14284, Steel and iron — Sampling and preparation of samples for the determination of chemical composition

ISO 80000-1:2009, Quantities and units — Part 1: General
3 Definitions

For the purposes of this document, the definitions in ISO 4948-1, ISO 4948-2 and ISO 6929, and the

following apply.
3.1
inspection

activities such as measuring, examining, testing, gauging one or more characteristics of a product or

service and comparing these with specified requirements to verify conformity
3.2
testing

any operation or action to determine one or more properties or characteristics of a material or product

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ISO 404:2013(E)
3.3
non-specific inspection

inspection carried out by the manufacturer in accordance with his own procedures, to verify that

products made by the same manufacturing process meet the requirements of the order

Note 1 to entry: The products inspected and tested can be different from the products actually supplied.

3.4
specific inspection

inspection carried out, before delivery, in accordance with the product specification, on the products

being supplied or on test units of which the products are part, to verify that these products meet the

requirements of the order
3.5
inspection representative

one or more individuals who is/are either the manufacturer’s authorized inspection

representative(s), independent from the manufacturing department; the purchaser’s authorized

representative; or the inspector(s) designated by a third party
3.6
test unit

number of pieces or the tonnage of products to accept or reject together, on the basis of the verification

tests carried out on sample products in accordance with the requirements of the product standard or order

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.

Note 2 to entry: This term is sometimes referred to in other International Standards as “inspection lot” or “batch”.

3.7
sample product

item (a sheet, for example) selected from a test unit for inspection and/or testing

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.8
sample

sufficient quantity of material taken from the sample product for the purpose of producing one or

more test pieces
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
Note 2 to entry: In certain cases, the sample may be the sample product itself.
3.9
rough specimen

part of the sample having undergone mechanical treatment, followed by heat treatment where

appropriate, for the purpose of producing test pieces
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.10
test piece

part of the sample, with specified dimensions, machined or unmachined, brought to a required condition

for submission to a given test
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.

Note 2 to entry: In certain cases, the test piece may be the sample itself or the rough specimen.

3.11
cast (heat) analysis
chemical analysis representative of the cast (heat) determined by the steelmaker
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ISO 404:2013(E)
3.12
product analysis
chemical analysis carried out on the product
3.13
sequential testing

group or series of tests from which the average and individual results are used to demonstrate that the

requirements of the order and/or product standard have been satisfied
3.14
manufacturer

organization that manufactures the respective products according to the requirements of the order and

to properties specified in the referenced product specification
3.15
intermediary

organization that is supplied with products by the manufacturers and that then, in turn, supplies

them without further processing or after processing without changing the properties specified in the

purchase order and referenced product specification

Note 1 to entry: Examples of intermediaries can be steel service centres and stockists.

4 Information to be supplied by the purchaser

4.1 The purchaser shall select the steel type, the shape of the product and the dimensions, taking the

intended processing and use into account. The purchaser may consider the manufacturer’s advice in

making the choice.

The order shall provide all the information necessary for describing the product and its characteristics,

and also details concerning delivery such as
a) mass, length, area, number of pieces to be delivered;
b) the product form (it can be a number referring to a drawing, for example);
c) the nominal dimensions;
d) the tolerances on the characteristics in items a) and c);
e) the designation of the steel;
f) delivery condition (type of heat treatment, surface treatment etc.);
g) specific requirements for surface and/or internal quality (see 7.4);

h) the type of inspection document required and, where not specified in the product standard, the

inspection and testing requirements (see Clause 8);

i) where applicable, the application of the quality management systems given in ISO 9001;

j) requirements for marking, packaging and loading;

k) any optional (supplementary) requirements provided for by the product standard.

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ISO 404:2013(E)
Key
1 test unit
2 sample product
3 sample
4 rough specimen
5 test piece
Figure 1 — Examples of terms defined in Clause 3
4.2 The information in 4.1 shall be specified either
a) by reference to one or more International Standards, or

b) in the absence of an International Standard, by stipulation of the characteristics and conditions required.

If, in an order, reference is made to a given International Standard without specifying its edition date,

this reference shall be interpreted as being the edition current at the date of order acknowledgement.

5 Manufacturing process

The manufacturing process shall be left to the discretion of the manufacturer, unless otherwise agreed

at the time of ordering or otherwise specified in the product standard.

NOTE The manufacturing process covers all operations up to the delivery of the product.

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ISO 404:2013(E)
6 Supply by an intermediary

The intermediary shall submit to the purchaser, the manufacturer’s inspection documents in accordance

with ISO 10474.

This documentation from the manufacturer shall be accompanied by suitable means of identification

of the product, in order to ensure the traceability between the product and the documentation (see

Clause 10).

If the intermediary has changed the dimensions of the product, the intermediary shall supply an

additional document for these particular new conditions. This also applies to all special requirements

given in the order and not defined in the manufacturer’s documentation.

Any organization which during processing changes the metallurgical state of the product is considered

as a product manufacturer.
7 Requirements
7.1 General
The product shall comply with the requirements of the order.

The manufacturer shall carry out appropriate process control, inspection and testing to verify that the

delivery complies with the requirements of the order, irrespective of the type of inspection document

required (see Clause 8).
7.2 Chemical composition

Requirements concerning the chemical composition shall be considered to refer to the cast (heat)

analysis unless they refer expressly to the product analysis.
7.3 Mechanical properties
7.3.1 Effect of dimensions

Where, in the product standard, the mechanical properties are specified by dimensional categories

such as thickness, diameter etc., the dimension that shall be considered is the nominal dimension of the

product at the prescribed location for taking samples for mechanical tests.
7.3.2 Applicable material condition

In the absence of any specification in the order or the product standard, the mechanical properties

relate to the as-delivered condition of the products.
7.3.3 Assessment of impact energy value

Where an impact-energy value is specified, without any further information, it shall be taken to represent

the average value of those individual tests that shall be assessed as described in 8.3.4.2.

7.4 Surface and internal quality
7.4.1 General

All products shall have a finish appropriate to the manufacturing route. Minor surface and internal

imperfections that can occur under normal manufacturing conditions shall not be grounds for rejection.

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