Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 2: Slewing trucks

ISO 10896-2:2016 specifies general safety requirements for slewing rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (hereafter known as "trucks"), consisting of a lower chassis with a slewing upper structure equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g., carriage and fork arms) is typically fitted. Fork arms and other integrated attachments are considered to be parts of the truck. Other standards, in addition to the relevant provisions of this part of ISO 10896, can apply to the attachments. ISO 10896-2:2016 is not applicable to the following: a) rough terrain variable-reach trucks covered by ISO 10896‑1 (non-slewing); b) industrial variable-reach trucks covered by ISO 3691‑2; c) mobile cranes; d) machines designed primarily for earth-moving, such as loaders, even if their buckets are replaced by fork arms (see ISO 20474); e) trucks designed primarily with variable-length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions; NOTE Additional requirements for trucks intended for freely swinging load applications, their lifting devices and attachments, and personnel/work platform applications on trucks, are being developed by ISO/TC 110/SC4. f) trucks designed primarily for container handling. The significant hazards covered by this part of ISO 10896 are listed in Annex A. This part of ISO 10896 does not address hazards that can occur - during manufacture, - when handling suspended loads, which may swing freely, - when lifting personnel, - when using trucks on public roads, - when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres, or - with a battery, LPG or hybrid as the primary power source.

Chariots tout-terrain — Exigences de sécurité et vérifications — Partie 2: Chariots rotatifs

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
15-Feb-2016
Current Stage
9060 - Close of review
Start Date
05-Jun-2021
Ref Project

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 10896-2
First edition
2016-02-15
Rough-terrain trucks — Safety
requirements and verification —
Part 2:
Slewing trucks
Chariots tout-terrain — Exigences de sécurité et vérifications —
Partie 2: Chariots rotatifs
Reference number
ISO 10896-2:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.1 Sharp edges and acute angles ............................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.2 Stored energy components ..................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.3 Boom extension and angle indicators............................................................................................................ 8

4.2 Starting/moving..................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2.1 Unauthorized starting ................................................................................................................................................. 8

4.2.2 Unintended movement ............................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.3 Uncontrolled motion .................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.4 Powered travel movement....................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.5 Non-activation of the parking brake ............................................................................................................... 9

4.2.6 Inching pedal ....................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 Brakes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

4.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.3.2 Failure of energy supply ............................................................................................................................................ 9

4.4 Electrical and electronic systems .........................................................................................................................................10

4.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

4.4.2 Degree of protection ..................................................................................................................................................10

4.4.3 Electrical connections ..............................................................................................................................................10

4.4.4 Over-current protective devices ......................................................................................................................10

4.4.5 Batteries ...............................................................................................................................................................................10

4.4.6 Battery disconnection ..............................................................................................................................................10

4.5 Controls ......................................................................................................................................................................................................11

4.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

4.5.2 Differential locking .................. ......................................................................................................................... ...........11

4.5.3 Steering controls ...........................................................................................................................................................12

4.5.4 Load-handling controls ...........................................................................................................................................13

4.5.5 Multi-function controls ...........................................................................................................................................13

4.5.6 Stabilizing device control ......................................................................................................................................13

4.5.7 Sway/levelling control .............................................................................................................................................14

4.5.8 Axle oscillation locking ............................................................................................................................................14

4.5.9 Auxiliary hydraulic control ..................................................................................................................................14

4.6 Power systems and accessories.............................................................................................................................................14

4.6.1 Exhaust systems ............................................................................................................................................................14

4.6.2 Cooling systems .............................................................................................................................................................14

4.6.3 Tanks and pressure vessels .................................................................................................................................14

4.7 Stabilizing devices .............................................................................................................................................................................15

4.8 Design requirements for maintenance purposes ...................................................................................................15

4.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................15

4.8.2 Tiltable cab support device .................................................................................................................................16

4.9 Systems for lifting, tilting and reaching ..........................................................................................................................16

4.9.1 Chains and wire ropes ..............................................................................................................................................16

4.9.2 Hydraulic system ..........................................................................................................................................................17

4.9.3 Maximum load-lowering speed .......................................................................................................................17

4.9.4 Limitation of stroke ....................................................................................................................................................17

4.9.5 Fork arms, attachments, and quick couplers ........................................................................................18

4.9.6 Slewing brake ..................................................................................................................................................................18

4.10 Normal operating position ........................................................................................................................................................18

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2016(E)

4.10.1 General requirements ...............................................................................................................................................18

4.10.2 Storage of operator’s manual .............................................................................................................................18

4.10.3 Hot parts ..............................................................................................................................................................................18

4.10.4 Pipes and hoses ..............................................................................................................................................................18

4.10.5 Normal operating position equipped with enclosed cab ...........................................................18

4.10.6 Operator’s seat ................................................................................................................................................................20

4.10.7 Control panels and symbols on displays ..................................................................................................21

4.11 Operator access ...................................................................................................................................................................................22

4.11.1 General requirements ...............................................................................................................................................22

4.11.2 Enclosed cab openings ........................................................................................................................................... ..22

4.12 Protective measures and devices .........................................................................................................................................23

4.12.1 Hot parts ..............................................................................................................................................................................23

4.12.2 Protection against crushing, shearing, and trapping .....................................................................23

4.12.3 Guards ....................................................................................................................................................................................23

4.12.4 Safety signs ........................................................................................................................................................................23

4.12.5 Engine compartment ........................................................................................................................................... ......23

4.12.6 Fenders ..................................................................................................................................................................................23

4.12.7 Roll-over protective structures (ROPS) and falling object protective

structures (FOPS) .........................................................................................................................................................23

4.12.8 Tiltable cab .................. .................................................... ...................................................................................................24

4.12.9 Audible warning devices ........................................................................................................................................24

4.13 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................24

4.14 Visibility .....................................................................................................................................................................................................24

4.15 External lighting devices .............................................................................................................................................................24

4.16 Fire protection ......................................................................................................................................................................................24

4.16.1 Fire resistance .................................................................................................................................................................24

4.16.2 Fire extinguisher ...........................................................................................................................................................24

4.17 Retrieval, transportation, lifting, and towing ............................................................................................................24

4.17.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................24

4.17.2 Retrieval ...............................................................................................................................................................................24

4.17.3 Tie-down ..............................................................................................................................................................................25

4.17.4 Lifting ...................................................................... ................................................................................................................25

4.17.5 Towing ...................................................................................................................................................................................25

4.17.6 Transportation ................................................................................................................................................................25

4.18 Noise .............................................................................................................................................................................................................25

4.19 Structural calculations...................................................................................................................................................................25

4.19.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................25

4.19.2 Loads and forces............................................................................................................................................................25

4.19.3 Calculations .......................................................................................................................................................................27

5 Verification of requirements and safety measures .......................................................................................................28

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................28

5.2 Functional verification ..................................................................................................................................................................28

5.3 Structural verification ....................................................................................................................................................................28

5.3.1 Test loads .............................................................................................................................................................................28

5.3.2 Static test .............................................................................................................................................................................29

5.3.3 Dynamic testing .............................................................................................................................................................29

5.4 Maximum load-lowering speed verification ...............................................................................................................30

5.5 Load holding...........................................................................................................................................................................................30

6 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................30

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................30

6.2 Operator’s and maintenance manuals .............................................................................................................................30

6.3 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................32

6.4 Load charts ..............................................................................................................................................................................................33

6.4.1 Trucks with load-carrying attachments ...................................................................................................33

6.4.2 Trucks with non-load-carrying attachments ........................................................................................34

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards................................................................................................................................35

iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2016(E)

Annex B (normative) Attachments and quick couplers .................................................................................................................40

Annex C (informative) Consistency of direction of motion for load-handling controls ................................43

Annex D (informative) Examples of regular and occasional loads .....................................................................................45

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................46

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee SC 4,

Rough-terrain trucks.

ISO 10896 consists of the following parts, under the general title Rough-terrain trucks — Safety

requirements and verification:
— Part 1: Variable-reach trucks
— Part 2: Slewing trucks

— Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

— Part 5: Interface between rough-terrain truck and integrated personnel work platform

— Part 6: Tilting operator’s cabs
— Part 7: Longitudinal load moment systems

Safety requirements and verification of lorry-mounted trucks is addressed by ISO 20297-1.

vi © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2016(E)
Introduction

Variable-reach trucks are known by a variety of terms, including “telehandlers” and “multi-purpose

handlers”.

The rough-terrain variable-reach trucks covered by this part of ISO 10896 are designed to transport

loads to and place them on elevated work areas and can be driven on unimproved or disturbed terrain.

They can also be equipped with a variety of attachments (e.g. mowers, sweepers).
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved vii
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 10896-2:2016(E)
Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and
verification —
Part 2:
Slewing trucks
1 Scope

This part of ISO 10896 specifies general safety requirements for slewing rough-terrain variable-reach

trucks (hereafter known as “trucks”), consisting of a lower chassis with a slewing upper structure

equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g., carriage

and fork arms) is typically fitted. Fork arms and other integrated attachments are considered to be

parts of the truck.

Other standards, in addition to the relevant provisions of this part of ISO 10896, can apply to the

attachments.
This part of ISO 10896 is not applicable to the following:
a) rough terrain variable-reach trucks covered by ISO 10896-1 (non-slewing);
b) industrial variable-reach trucks covered by ISO 3691-2;
c) mobile cranes;

d) machines designed primarily for earth-moving, such as loaders, even if their buckets are replaced

by fork arms (see ISO 20474);

e) trucks designed primarily with variable-length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from

which the load may swing freely in all directions;

NOTE Additional requirements for trucks intended for freely swinging load applications, their lifting

devices and attachments, and personnel/work platform applications on trucks, are being developed by

ISO/TC 110/SC4.
f) trucks designed primarily for container handling.

The significant hazards covered by this part of ISO 10896 are listed in Annex A. This part of ISO 10896

does not address hazards that can occur
— during manufacture,
— when handling suspended loads, which may swing freely,
— when lifting personnel,
— when using trucks on public roads,
— when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres, or
— with a battery, LPG or hybrid as the primary power source.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2016(E)
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 2328, Fork-lift trucks — Hook-on type fork arms and fork arm carriages — Mounting dimensions

ISO 2330, Fork-lift trucks — Fork arms — Technical characteristics and testing
ISO 2867:2011, Earth-moving machinery — Access systems

ISO 3449, Earth-moving machinery — Falling-object protective structures — Laboratory tests and

performance requirements
ISO 3457, Earth-moving machinery — Guards — Definitions and requirements

ISO 3471:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Roll-over protective structures — Laboratory tests and

performance requirements

ISO 3795, Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Determination of

burning behaviour of interior materials

ISO 4413, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components

ISO 5053-1, Powered industrial trucks — Terminology and classification — Part 1: Types of industrial trucks

ISO 5353, Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Seat

index point

ISO 6292, Powered industrial trucks and tractors — Brake performance and component strength

ISO 6682, Earth-moving machinery — Zones of comfort and reach for controls

ISO 6683, Earth-moving machinery — Seat belts and seat belt anchorages — Performance requirements

and tests
ISO 7000 , Graphical symbols for use on equipment — Registered symbols

ISO 7096, Earth-moving machinery — Laboratory evaluation of operator seat vibration

ISO 9244, Earth-moving machinery — Machinery safety labels — General principles

ISO 9533, Earth-moving machinery — Machine-mounted audible travel alarms and forward horns — Test

methods and performance criteria

ISO 10263-3, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 3: Pressurization

test method

ISO 10263-4, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 4: Heating, ventilating

and air conditioning (HVAC) test method and performance

ISO 11112, Earth-moving machinery — Operator’s seat — Dimensions and requirements

ISO 12508, Earth-moving machinery — Operator station and maintenance areas — Bluntness of edges

ISO 13284, Fork-lift trucks — Fork-arm extensions and telescopic fork arms — Technical characteristics

and strength requirements

ISO 13732-1, Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Methods for the assessment of human responses to

contact with surfaces — Part 1: Hot surfaces

1) The database on Graphical Symbols for Use on Equipment contains the complete set

...

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 10896-2
First edition
Rough-terrain trucks — Safety
requirements and verification —
Part 2:
Slewing trucks
Chariots tout-terrain — Exigences de sécurité et vérifications —
Partie 2: Chariots rotatifs
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO 10896-2:2015(E)
ISO 2015
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.1 Sharp edges and acute angles ............................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.2 Stored energy components ..................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.3 Boom extension and angle indicators............................................................................................................ 8

4.2 Starting/moving..................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2.1 Unauthorized starting ................................................................................................................................................. 8

4.2.2 Unintended movement ............................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.3 Uncontrolled motion .................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.4 Powered travel movement....................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.5 Non-activation of the parking brake ............................................................................................................... 9

4.2.6 Inching pedal ....................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 Brakes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

4.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.3.2 Failure of energy supply ............................................................................................................................................ 9

4.4 Electrical and electronic systems .........................................................................................................................................10

4.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

4.4.2 Degree of protection ..................................................................................................................................................10

4.4.3 Electrical connections ..............................................................................................................................................10

4.4.4 Over-current protective devices ......................................................................................................................10

4.4.5 Batteries ...............................................................................................................................................................................10

4.4.6 Battery disconnection ..............................................................................................................................................10

4.5 Controls ......................................................................................................................................................................................................11

4.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

4.5.2 Differential locking .................. ......................................................................................................................... ...........11

4.5.3 Steering controls ...........................................................................................................................................................12

4.5.4 Load-handling controls ...........................................................................................................................................13

4.5.5 Multi-function controls ...........................................................................................................................................13

4.5.6 Stabilizing device control ......................................................................................................................................13

4.5.7 Sway/levelling control .............................................................................................................................................14

4.5.8 Axle oscillation locking ............................................................................................................................................14

4.5.9 Auxiliary hydraulic control ..................................................................................................................................14

4.6 Power systems and accessories.............................................................................................................................................14

4.6.1 Exhaust systems ............................................................................................................................................................14

4.6.2 Cooling systems .............................................................................................................................................................14

4.6.3 Tanks and pressure vessels .................................................................................................................................14

4.7 Stabilizing devices .............................................................................................................................................................................15

4.8 Design requirements for maintenance purposes ...................................................................................................15

4.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................15

4.8.2 Tiltable cab support device .................................................................................................................................16

4.9 Systems for lifting, tilting and reaching ..........................................................................................................................16

4.9.1 Chains and wire ropes ..............................................................................................................................................16

4.9.2 Hydraulic system ..........................................................................................................................................................17

4.9.3 Maximum load-lowering speed .......................................................................................................................17

4.9.4 Limitation of stroke ....................................................................................................................................................17

4.9.5 Fork arms, attachments, and quick couplers ........................................................................................18

4.9.6 Slewing brake ..................................................................................................................................................................18

4.10 Normal operating position ........................................................................................................................................................18

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2015(E)

4.10.1 General requirements ...............................................................................................................................................18

4.10.2 Storage of operator’s manual .............................................................................................................................18

4.10.3 Hot parts ..............................................................................................................................................................................18

4.10.4 Pipes and hoses ..............................................................................................................................................................18

4.10.5 Normal operating position equipped with enclosed cab ...........................................................18

4.10.6 Operator’s seat ................................................................................................................................................................20

4.10.7 Control panels and symbols on displays ..................................................................................................21

4.11 Operator access ...................................................................................................................................................................................22

4.11.1 General requirements ...............................................................................................................................................22

4.11.2 Enclosed cab openings ........................................................................................................................................... ..22

4.12 Protective measures and devices .........................................................................................................................................23

4.12.1 Hot parts ..............................................................................................................................................................................23

4.12.2 Protection against crushing, shearing, and trapping .....................................................................23

4.12.3 Guards ....................................................................................................................................................................................23

4.12.4 Safety signs ........................................................................................................................................................................23

4.12.5 Engine compartment ........................................................................................................................................... ......23

4.12.6 Fenders ..................................................................................................................................................................................23

4.12.7 Roll-over protective structures (ROPS) and falling object protective

structures (FOPS) .........................................................................................................................................................23

4.12.8 Tiltable cab .................. .................................................... ...................................................................................................24

4.12.9 Audible warning devices ........................................................................................................................................24

4.13 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................24

4.14 Visibility .....................................................................................................................................................................................................24

4.15 External lighting devices .............................................................................................................................................................24

4.16 Fire protection ......................................................................................................................................................................................24

4.16.1 Fire resistance .................................................................................................................................................................24

4.16.2 Fire extinguisher ...........................................................................................................................................................24

4.17 Retrieval, transportation, lifting, and towing ............................................................................................................24

4.17.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................24

4.17.2 Retrieval ...............................................................................................................................................................................24

4.17.3 Tie-down ..............................................................................................................................................................................25

4.17.4 Lifting ...................................................................... ................................................................................................................25

4.17.5 Towing ...................................................................................................................................................................................25

4.17.6 Transportation ................................................................................................................................................................25

4.18 Noise .............................................................................................................................................................................................................25

4.19 Structural calculations...................................................................................................................................................................25

4.19.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................25

4.19.2 Loads and forces............................................................................................................................................................25

4.19.3 Calculations .......................................................................................................................................................................27

5 Verification of requirements and safety measures .......................................................................................................28

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................28

5.2 Functional verification ..................................................................................................................................................................28

5.3 Structural verification ....................................................................................................................................................................28

5.3.1 Test loads .............................................................................................................................................................................28

5.3.2 Static test .............................................................................................................................................................................29

5.3.3 Dynamic testing .............................................................................................................................................................29

5.4 Maximum load-lowering speed verification ...............................................................................................................30

5.5 Load holding...........................................................................................................................................................................................30

6 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................30

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................30

6.2 Operator’s and maintenance manuals .............................................................................................................................30

6.3 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................32

6.4 Load charts ..............................................................................................................................................................................................33

6.4.1 Trucks with load-carrying attachments ...................................................................................................33

6.4.2 Trucks with non-load-carrying attachments ........................................................................................34

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ..............................................................................................................................35

iv PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2015(E)

Annex B (normative) Attachments and quick couplers................................................................................................................40

Annex C (informative) Consistency of direction of motion for load-handling controls ..............................43

Annex D (informative) Examples of regular and occasional loads ...................................................................................45

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................46

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee SC 4,

Rough-terrain trucks.

ISO 10896 consists of the following parts, under the general title Rough-terrain trucks — Safety

requirements and verification:
— Part 1: Variable-reach trucks
— Part 2: Slewing trucks

— Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

— Part 5: Interface between rough-terrain truck and integrated personnel work platform

— Part 6: Tilting operator’s cabs
The following part is under preparation:
— Part 7: Longitudinal load moment systems
Lorry-mounted trucks are to form the subject of a specific series, ISO 20297.
vi PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 10896-2:2015(E)
Introduction

Variable-reach trucks are known by a variety of terms, including “telehandlers” and “multi-purpose

handlers”.

The variable-reach rough-terrain trucks covered by this part of ISO 10896 are designed to transport

loads to and place them on elevated work areas and can be driven on unimproved or disturbed terrain.

They can also be equipped with a variety of attachments (e.g. mowers, sweepers).
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE vii
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 10896-2:2015(E)
Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and
verification —
Part 2:
Slewing trucks
1 Scope

This part of ISO 10896 specifies general safety requirements for slewing variable-reach rough-terrain

trucks (hereafter known as “trucks”), consisting of a lower chassis with a slewing upper structure

equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g., carriage

and fork arms) is typically fitted. Fork arms and other integrated attachments are considered to be

parts of the truck.

Other standards, in addition to the relevant provisions of this part of ISO 10896, can apply to the

attachments.
This part of ISO 10896 is not applicable to the following:
a) variable-reach rough terrain trucks covered by ISO 10896-1 (non-slewing);
b) industrial variable-reach trucks covered by ISO 3691-2;
c) mobile cranes;

d) machines designed primarily for earth-moving, such as loaders, even if their buckets are replaced

by fork arms (see ISO 20474);

e) trucks designed primarily with variable-length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from

which the load may swing freely in all directions;

NOTE Additional requirements for trucks intended for freely swinging load applications, their lifting

devices and attachments, and personnel/work platform applications on trucks, are being developed by

ISO/TC 110/SC4.
f) trucks designed primarily for container handling.

The significant hazards covered by this part of ISO 10896 are listed in Annex A. This part of ISO 10896

does not address hazards that can occur
— during manufacture,
— when handling suspended loads, which may swing freely,
— when lifting personnel,
— when using trucks on public roads,
— when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres, or
— with a battery, LPG or hybrid as the primary power source.
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 1
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ISO 10896-2:2015(E)
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 2328, Fork-lift trucks — Hook-on type fork arms and fork arm carriages — Mounting dimensions

ISO 2330, Fork-lift trucks — Fork arms — Technical characteristics and testing
ISO 2867:2011, Earth-moving machinery — Access systems

ISO 3449, Earth-moving machinery — Falling-object protective structures — Laboratory tests and

performance requirements
ISO 3457, Earth-moving machinery — Guards — Definitions and requirements

ISO 3471:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Roll-over protective structures — Laboratory tests and

performance requirements

ISO 3795, Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Determination of

burning behaviour of interior materials

ISO 4413, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components

ISO 5053 , Powered industrial trucks — Terminology

ISO 5353, Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Seat index

point

ISO 6292, Powered industrial trucks and tractors — Brake performance and component strength

ISO 6682, Earth-moving machinery — Zones of comfort and reach for controls

ISO 6683, Earth-moving machinery — Seat belts and seat belt anchorages — Performance requirements

and tests
ISO 7000 , Graphical symbols for use on equipment — Registered symbols

ISO 7096:2000, Earth-moving machinery — Laboratory evaluation of operator seat vibration

ISO 9244, Earth-moving machinery — Machinery safety labels — General principles

ISO 9533, Earth-moving machinery — Machine-mounted audible travel alarms and forward horns — Test

methods and performance criteria

ISO 10263-3, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 3: Pressurization test

method

ISO 10263-4, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 4: Heating, ventilating

and air conditioning (HVAC) test method and performance

ISO 11112:1995+A1:2001, Earth-moving machinery — Operator’s seat — Dimensions and requirements.

ISO 12508, Earth-moving machinery — Operator station and maintenance areas — Bluntness of edges

ISO 13284, Fork-lift trucks — Fork-arm extensions and telescopic fork arms — Technical characteristics

and strength requirements
1) Withdrawn and replaced by ISO 5053-1.

2) The database on Graphical Symbols for Use on Equipment contains the complete set of graphical symbols

inclu
...

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