Fire detection and alarm systems — Part 12: Line type smoke detectors using a transmitted optical beam

This document specifies requirements, test methods and performance criteria for line-type smoke detectors for use in fire detection systems installed in buildings. The detectors consist of at least a transmitter and a receiver and can include reflector(s) for the detection of smoke by the attenuation and/or changes in attenuation of an optical beam. This document is not applicable to: — line-type smoke detectors designed to operate with separations between opposed components of less than 1 m; — line-type smoke detectors whose optical path length is defined or adjusted by an integral mechanical connection; — line-type smoke detectors with special characteristics, which cannot be assessed by the test methods in this document. NOTE The term “optical” is used to describe that part of the electromagnetic spectrum produced by the transmitter to which the receiver is responsive; this is not restricted to visible wavelengths.

Systèmes de détection d'incendie et d'alarme — Partie 12: Détecteurs linéaires de fumée utilisant une transmission par faisceaux lumineux

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
12-Jun-2022
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Due Date
30-Oct-2022
Completion Date
13-Jun-2022
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ISO 7240-12:2022 - Fire detection and alarm systems — Part 12: Line type smoke detectors using a transmitted optical beam Released:13. 06. 2022
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 7240-12
Third edition
2022-06
Fire detection and alarm systems —
Part 12:
Line type smoke detectors using a
transmitted optical beam
Systèmes de détection d'incendie et d'alarme —
Partie 12: Détecteurs linéaires de fumée utilisant une transmission
par faisceaux lumineux
Reference number
ISO 7240-12:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 7240-12:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
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Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 7240-12:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... vi

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.2 Individual alarm indication ........................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.3 Connection of ancillary devices............................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Monitoring of detachable detectors and connections ......................................................................................... 4

4.5 Manufacturer’s adjustments ...................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.6 On-site adjustment of response threshold value...................................................................................................... 4

4.7 Protection of optical components ......................................................................................................................................... 4

4.8 Limit of compensation ..................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.9 Fault signalling ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.10 Software-controlled detectors ........................................................................................................................................... ...... 5

4.10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.10.2 Software documentation ............................................................................................................................................ 5

4.10.3 Software design .................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.10.4 Storage of programs and data ................................................................................................................................ 6

5 Test methods ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.1.1 Atmospheric conditions for tests......................................................................................................................... 6

5.1.2 Mounting arrangements .............................................................................................................................................. 6

5.1.3 Operating conditions for tests................................................................................................................................ 6

5.1.4 Tolerances ................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.1.5 Measurement of response value ........................................................................................................................... 7

5.1.6 Provision for tests ............................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.1.7 Test schedule .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1.8 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.2 Reproducibility ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.2 Test procedure...................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.3 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.3 Repeatability ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.3.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3.2 Test procedure...................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3.3 Requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................... 10

5.4 Alignment dependence ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

5.4.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 10

5.4.2 Test procedure................................................................................................................................................................... 10

5.4.3 Requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.5 Variation of supply parameters ............................................................................................................................................ 11

5.5.1 Object ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.5.2 Test procedure................................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.5.3 Requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.6 Rapid changes in attenuation ................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.6.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 11

5.6.2 Test procedure................................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.6.3 Requirements .....................................................................................................................................................................12

5.7 Slow changes in attenuation .................................................................................................................................................... 12

5.7.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 12

iii
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ISO 7240-12:2022(E)

5.7.2 Test procedure...................................................................................................................................................................12

5.7.3 Requirements .....................................................................................................................................................................12

5.8 Optical path length dependence .......................................................................................................................................... 13

5.8.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 13

5.8.2 Test procedure...................................................................................................................................................................13

5.8.3 Requirements .....................................................................................................................................................................13

5.9 Fire sensitivity ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 13

5.9.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 13

5.9.2 Test procedure...................................................................................................................................................................13

5.9.3 Requirements .....................................................................................................................................................................15

5.10 Stray light ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.10.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 15

5.10.2 Test procedure................................................................................................................................................................... 15

5.10.3 Requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................... 16

5.11 Dry heat (operational) .................................................................................................................................................................. 16

5.11.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 16

5.11.2 Test procedure................................................................................................................................................................... 16

5.11.3 Requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................... 17

5.12 Cold (operational) ............................................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.12.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 17

5.12.2 Test procedure................................................................................................................................................................... 17

5.12.3 Requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................... 18

5.13 Damp heat, steady-state (operational) .......................................................................................................................... 18

5.13.1 Object of the test .............................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.13.2 Test procedure................................................................................................................................................................... 18

5.13.3 Requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................... 19

5.14 Damp heat, steady-state (endurance) ............................................................................................................................. 19

5.14.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 19

5.14.2 Test procedure................................................................................................................................................................... 19

5.14.3 Requirements .....................................................................................................................................................................20

5.15 Vibration, sinusoidal (endurance) ...................................................................................................................................... 20

5.15.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 20

5.15.2 Test procedure...................................................................................................................................................................20

5.15.3 Requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................... 21

5.16 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), immunity tests (operational) ............................................... 21

5.17 Sulfur dioxide, SO , corrosion (endurance) ................................................................................................................ 22

5.17.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 22

5.17.2 Test procedure...................................................................................................................................................................22

5.17.3 Requirements .....................................................................................................................................................................22

5.18 Impact (operational) ...................................................................................................................................................................... 23

5.18.1 Object of test........................................................................................................................................................................ 23

5.18.2 Test procedure...................................................................................................................................................................23

5.18.3 Requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................... 23

6 Test report ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................24

7 Mrking ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................24

8 Data .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................25

Annex A (informative) Compensation for detector drift .............................................................................................................26

Annex B (normative) Bench for response threshold value measurements ............................................................31

Annex C (normative) Fire test room ..................................................................................................................................................................33

Annex D (normative) Smouldering pyrolysis wood fire (TF2) .............................................................................................35

Annex E (normative) Glowing smouldering cotton fire (TF3) ...............................................................................................38

Annex F (normative) Flaming plastics (polyurethane) fire (TF4) ....................................................................................41

Annex G (normative) Flaming liquid (n-heptane) fire (TF5) ..................................................................................................43

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ISO 7240-12:2022(E)

Annex H (normative) Smoke-measuring instruments ..................................................................................................................45

Annex I (normative) Apparatus for stray light ......................................................................................................................................48

Annex J (informative) Information concerning the construction of the measuring

ionization chamber ........................................................................................................................................................................................50

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................53

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 7240-12:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 21, Equipment for fire protection and fire

fighting, Subcommittee SC 3, Fire detection and alarm systems.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 7240-12:2014), which has been

technically revised.
The main changes are as follows:

— references to EN 50130-4 have been replaced with references to IEC 62599-2 (electromagnetic

compatibility immunity test);

— uniform acceptance criteria has been adopted for all line-type smoke detectors;

— editorial corrections have been made to bring the document in line with current ISO drafting rules.

A list of all parts in the ISO 7240 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 7240-12:2022(E)
Introduction

A fire detection and alarm system is required to function satisfactorily not only in the event of fire, but

also during and after exposure to conditions likely to be met in practice, including corrosion, vibration,

direct impact, indirect shock and electromagnetic interference. Specific tests are intended to assess the

performance of the smoke detectors under such conditions.

This document is not intended to place any other restrictions on the design and construction of such

detectors.
vii
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 7240-12:2022(E)
Fire detection and alarm systems —
Part 12:
Line type smoke detectors using a transmitted optical
beam
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements, test methods and performance criteria for line-type smoke

detectors for use in fire detection systems installed in buildings. The detectors consist of at least a

transmitter and a receiver and can include reflector(s) for the detection of smoke by the attenuation

and/or changes in attenuation of an optical beam.
This document is not applicable to:

— line-type smoke detectors designed to operate with separations between opposed components of

less than 1 m;

— line-type smoke detectors whose optical path length is defined or adjusted by an integral mechanical

connection;

— line-type smoke detectors with special characteristics, which cannot be assessed by the test

methods in this document.

NOTE The term “optical” is used to describe that part of the electromagnetic spectrum produced by the

transmitter to which the receiver is responsive; this is not restricted to visible wavelengths.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 7240-1, Fire detection and alarm systems — Part 1: General and definitions

IEC 60064, Tungsten filament lamps for domestic and similar general lighting purposes — Performance

requirements
IEC 60068-1, Environmental testing — Part 1: General and guidance
IEC 60068-2-1:2007, Environmental testing — Part 2-1: Tests. Tests A: Cold
IEC 60068-2-2:2007, Environmental testing — Part 2-2: Tests. Tests B: Dry heat

IEC 60068-2-6:2007, Environmental testing — Part 2-6: Tests. Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal)

IEC 60068-2-42:2003, Environmental testing — Part 2-42: Tests. Test Kc: Sulphur dioxide test for contacts

and connections
IEC 60068-2-75:2014, Environmental testing — Part 2-75: Tests Eh: Hammer test

IEC 60068-2-78:2012, Environmental testing — Part 2-78: Tests. Test Cab: Damp heat, steady state

IEC 60081, Double-capped fluorescent lamps — Performance specifications
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 7240-12:2022(E)

IEC 62599-2, Alarm systems – Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility – Immunity requirements for

components of fire and security alarm systems
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 7240-1 and the following

apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
attenuation

reduction in intensity of the optical beam at the receiver, defined by the formula:

 
A=10log
10  
 
where
I is the received intensity without reduction in intensity;
I is the received intensity after reduction in intensity.
Note 1 to entry: The attenuation is expressed in units of decibels (dB).
3.2
opposed component

component [transmitter and receiver or transmitter-receiver and reflector(s)] of the detector whose

position determines the optical path
3.3
optical path length

total distance traversed by the optical beam between the transmitter and the receiver

3.4
receiver
component that receives the optical beam
3.5
response threshold value

value of attenuation at which an alarm signal is generated, calculated using the formula:

 
CF=×
 
 v 
where

F is the value of attenuation resulting from a beam passing once through a filter, given by the

 
formula 10log ;
 
 

I is the received intensity of the optical beam without reduction through an attenuating filter;

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ISO 7240-12:2022(E)

I is the received intensity of the optical beam after passing once through an attenuating filter;

n is the number of times the beam passes through the filter;
n is the number of times the be
...

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