Rough-terrain trucks — User requirements — Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

ISO 11525-4:2016, when used in conjunction with ISO 11525‑1 or ISO 11525‑2, defines specific user requirements relating to the use of non-slewing and slewing variable-reach trucks operating with freely suspended loads. When provisions of this part of ISO 11525 are different from those which are stated in ISO 11525‑1 or ISO 11525‑2, the provisions of this part of ISO 11525 take precedence over the provisions of ISO 11525‑1 or ISO 11525‑2. It is intended to achieve the following: a) prevention of personal injuries, property damage and accidents; b) establishment of criteria for inspection, maintenance, operation and training. NOTE National or local requirements can apply, whichever could be more stringent. General user requirements for non-slewing variable-reach trucks are given in ISO 11525‑1. General user requirements for slewing variable-reach trucks are given in ISO 11525‑2. ISO 11525-4:2016 is not applicable to flexible intermediate bulk containers as defined in ISO 21898.

Chariots tout-terrain — Exigences pour l'utilisateur — Partie 4: Exigences supplémentaires pour les chariots à portée variable manipulant librement des charges suspendues

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Apr-2016
Current Stage
9020 - International Standard under periodical review
Start Date
15-Apr-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 11525-4
First edition
2016-04-01
Rough-terrain trucks — User
requirements —
Part 4:
Additional requirements for
variable-reach trucks handling freely
suspended loads
Chariots tout-terrain — Exigences pour l’utilisateur —
Partie 4: Exigences supplémentaires pour les chariots à portée
variable manipulant librement des charges suspendues
Reference number
ISO 11525-4:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 11525-4:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 11525-4:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Safety requirements ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Operator’s manual................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.3 Modifications or alterations ........................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.4 Manufacturer’s bulletins................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.5 Operator qualifications .................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.6 Operator’s responsibility for training ................................................................................................................................. 2

4.7 Operator training .................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.7.1 Additional training for handling freely suspended loads ............................................................. 2

4.7.2 Testing, retraining and enforcement .............................................................................................................. 3

4.8 Inspection and maintenance ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 Operating safety rules and precautions ....................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 Operator’s responsibility for safety ...................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Travelling with a freely suspended load ........................................................................................................................... 3

5.3 Picking and placing freely suspended loads .................................................................................................................. 3

5.4 Using attachments to handle freely suspended loads ........................................................................................... 6

5.5 Slinger/rigger requirements ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 11525-4:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee SC 4,

Rough-terrain trucks.

ISO 11525 consists of the following parts, under the general title Rough-terrain trucks — User

requirements:
— Part 1: General requirements
— Part 2: Slewing variable-reach trucks

— Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

— Part 5: Interface between rough-terrain truck and integrated personnel work platform

iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 11525-4:2016(E)
Introduction

Slewing and non-slewing variable-reach rough-terrain trucks, when permitted, may be fitted with

attachments that can lift and move freely suspended loads.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 11525-4:2016(E)
Rough-terrain trucks — User requirements —
Part 4:
Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks
handling freely suspended loads
1 Scope

This part of ISO 11525, when used in conjunction with ISO 11525-1 or ISO 11525-2, defines specific

user requirements relating to the use of non-slewing and slewing variable-reach trucks operating with

freely suspended loads.

When provisions of this part of ISO 11525 are different from those which are stated in ISO 11525-1 or

ISO 11525-2, the provisions of this part of ISO 11525 take precedence over the provisions of ISO 11525-1

or ISO 11525-2.
It is intended to achieve the following:
a) prevention of personal injuries, property damage and accidents;

b) establishment of criteria for inspection, maintenance, operation and training.

NOTE National or local requirements can apply, whichever could be more stringent.

General user requirements for non-slewing variable-reach trucks are given in ISO 11525-1.

General user requirements for slewing variable-reach trucks are given in ISO 11525-2.

This part of ISO 11525 is not applicable to flexible intermediate bulk containers as defined in ISO 21898.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 10896-4, Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 4: Additional

requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

ISO 11525-1:2012, Rough-terrain trucks — User requirements — Part 1: General requirements

ISO 11525-2:2015, Rough-terrain trucks — User requirements — Part 2: Slewing variable-reach trucks

ISO 16715, Cranes — Hand signals used with cranes
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 10896-4, ISO 11525-1 and

ISO 11525-2, and the following apply.
3.1
fall zone
area below an elevated or suspended load or the attachment
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 11525-4:2016(E)
4 Safety requirements
4.1 Principles

The safety requirements of this part of ISO 11525, along with the general safety requirements of

ISO 11525-1 or ISO 11525-2, shall be supplemented by good management practices, safety controls

and application of sound principles of safety, training, inspection, maintenance, application selection

and operation. All data available regarding the parameters of intended use and expected envir

...

DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 11525-4
ISO/TC 110/SC 4 Secretariat: AFNOR
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2013-11-06 2014-02-06
Rough-terrain trucks — User requirements —
Part 4:
Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks
handling freely suspended loads
Chariots tout-terrain — Exigences pour l’utilisateur
ICS: 53.060
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 11525-4:2013(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2013
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 11525-4:2013(E)
Copyright notice

This ISO document is a Draft International Standard and is copyright-protected by ISO. Except as

permitted under the applicable laws of the user’s country, neither this ISO draft nor any extract

from it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means,

electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission being secured.

Requests for permission to reproduce should be addressed to either ISO at the address below or ISO’s

member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Reproduction may be subject to royalty payments or a licensing agreement.
Violators may be prosecuted.
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 11525-4
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................... v

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................ 1

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 1

4 General safety requirements ................................................................................................................ 2

4.1 Principles................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.2 Operator's manual ................................................................................................................................. 2

4.3 Modifications or alterations.................................................................................................................. 2

4.4 Manufacturer's bulletins ....................................................................................................................... 2

4.5 Operator qualifications ......................................................................................................................... 3

4.6 Operator's responsibility for training .................................................................................................. 3

4.7 Operator training ................................................................................................................................... 3

4.7.1 Operator training programme .............................................................................................................. 3

4.7.2 Testing, retraining and enforcement ................................................................................................... 5

4.8 Inspection and maintenance ................................................................................................................ 6

4.8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.8.2 Preparation for inspection or repair .................................................................................................... 6

4.8.3 Performance checks ............................................................................................................................. 7

4.8.4 Inspection and maintenance precautions ........................................................................................... 7

4.8.5 Inspection and maintenance requirements ........................................................................................ 8

4.9 Hazardous environments...................................................................................................................... 8

5 Operating safety rules and precautions .............................................................................................. 9

5.1 Operator's responsibility for safety ..................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Visual inspection and functional tests ................................................................................................ 9

5.3 General operating instructions .......................................................................................................... 10

5.4 Travelling .............................................................................................................................................. 12

5.5 Picking and placing suspended loads .............................................................................................. 13

5.6 Using attachments .............................................................................................................................. 15

5.7 Slinger/Rigger Requirements ............................................................................................................. 15

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 17

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 11525-4
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 11525-4 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee SC 4,

Rough-terrain trucks.

ISO 11525 consists of the following parts, under the general title Rough-terrain trucks — User requirements:

 Part 1: General requirements
 Part 2: Slewing variable-reach trucks
 Part 3: Lorry-mounted trucks

 Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

 Part 5: Interface between rough-terrain truck and integrated personnel work platform

 Part 6: Agricultural applications
iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 11525-4
Introduction

This International Standard is one of a set of standards produced by ISO/TC 110/SC 4 as part of its

programme of work regarding standardization of terminology, general safety, performance and user

requirements for rough-terrain trucks (hereafter also referred to as trucks) operating with freely suspended

loads.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 11525-4
Rough-terrain trucks — User requirements — Part 4: Additional
requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely
suspended loads
1 Scope

This part of ISO 11525 defines user requirements relating to the use of non-slewing and slewing trucks

operating with freely suspended loads.
It is intended to achieve the following:
a) the prevention of personal injuries, property damage and accidents;

b) the establishment of criteria for inspection, maintenance, operation and training.

NOTE National or local requirements can apply, which could be more stringent.
General user requirements for trucks are given in ISO 11525-1.
User requirements for slewing trucks are given in ISO 11525-2.

This part of ISO 11525 is not applicable to flexible intermediate bulk containers as defined in ISO 21898.

2 Normative references

The following reference documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 5057, Industrial trucks – Inspection and repair of fork arms in service on fork-lift trucks

ISO 10896-1, Rough-terrain trucks – Safety requirements and verification – Part 1: Variable-reach trucks

ISO 10896-4, Rough-terrain trucks – Safety requirements and verification – Part 4: Additional requirements for

variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads ISO 11525-1, Rough-terrain trucks – User

Requirements – Part 1: General requirements
ISO XXXXX, referred to in 5.4 u)3) and 5.5 b)1)

ISO 21898, Packaging - Flexible intermediate bulk containers (FIBCs) for non-dangerous goods

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 10896-4 and ISO 11525-1, and the

following apply:
3.1
fall zone

area below an elevated, or suspended, load, the attachment and the supporting boom structure

Under preparation.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 11525-4
4 General safety requirements
4.1 Principles

This part of ISO 11525 shall be supplemented by good management practices, safety controls and application

of sound principles of safety, training, inspection, maintenance, application selection and operation. All data

available regarding the parameters of intended use and expected environment shall be considered. Those

with direct control over the application and operation of the truck shall be responsible for ensuring good safety

practices.

NOTE Different operating conditions can require additional safety precautions, training, and special safe operating

procedures.

The operation of any truck is subject to certain hazards that can be protected against only by the exercise of

care and common sense. It is essential to have competent persons trained in the intended use, safe operation,

maintenance and service of this equipment.

The user shall ensure that the operator understands that safe operation of the truck is also the operator’s

responsibility.

The user shall ensure that the operator's mental or physical condition will not impair his/her ability to operate

the truck.
4.2 Operator's manual

The user shall ensure that the operator's manual and any additional safety manuals provided by the

manufacturer with the truck are always available to the operator and maintenance personnel.

The user and/or the operator shall refer to the responsible entity should doubts on either the use of the truck

or the interpretation of the operator's manual arise.
4.3 Modifications or alterations

Except as provided below, no modifications or alterations to a truck that may affect its capacity, stability or

safe operation shall be made without the prior written approval of the original truck manufacturer or its

successor. When the truck manufacturer or its successor approves a modification or alteration, the user shall

be responsible, prior to operation, for ensuring that appropriate changes are made to information plate(s),

documents, certificates, labels, tags, and operator's manual(s).

If the truck manufacturer is no longer in business and there is no successor, modifications or alterations to the

truck shall be carried out under the following conditions:

a) the design, testing and implementation of the modification or alteration is made in accordance with the

appropriate part of ISO 10896 by a competent person;

b) a permanent record is kept of the design, test(s) and implementation of the modification or alteration;

c) appropriate changes are made to the information plate(s), documents, certificates, labels, tags, and

operator's manual(s);

d) a permanent and readily visible label is affixed to the truck stating the manner in which the truck has been

modified or altered, together with the date of the modification or alteration, and the name of the person or

organization responsible for the design, testing and implementation of the modifications.

4.4 Manufacturer's bulletins

The user shall comply with the applicable bulletins as directed by the responsible entity.

2 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 11525-4
4.5 Operator qualifications

Users shall only allow competent and authorized persons to operate a truck. Truck operators shall be

competent to operate the equipment safely, in addition to being trained in accordance with this part of

ISO 11525.

The operator may be required, in some local, regional, national markets, to undergo additional training beyond

the scope of this part of ISO 11525. Users shall ensure that operators receive the necessary level of training

as required.
4.6 Operator's responsibility for training

Before operating any truck, the operator shall be trained in accordance with 4.7 and shall have read and be

familiar with the operator's manual(s) and any other safety information provided by the manufacturer and user

on the particular truck being operated, the application and the environment in which the truck is to be used

and any attachments used.
4.7 Operator training
4.7.1 Operator training programme

Personnel who are not considered competent to operate a truck shall operate the truck only as part of the

operator training programme. This training shall be conducted under the direct supervision of a trainer.

The operator training programme shall be based on user policies, industry standards, local regulations and

policies, operating conditions and manufacturer's instructions.

NOTE Information on operator training is available from such sources as: users, truck manufacturers, government

agencies dealing with employee safety, trade organizations of trucks users, public and private organizations and safety

consultants.

The training programme shall emphasize safe and proper operation that avoids injury to the operator and

others and prevents property damage. The training program shall include the following items:

a) information about the truck(s) the trainee will operate:

1) characteristics of the truck(s), including possible variations between the truck and others in the

workplace;
2) similarities to, and differences from, other mobile equipment;

3) significance of information plate(s), the load chart(s), warnings and instructions affixed to the truck;

4) operating and safety instructions in the truck's operator's manual;
5) instructions for inspection and maintenance to be performed by the operator;
6) engine operation;
7) type of drive system and its characteristics;
8) methods of steering and manoeuvring;
9) braking methods and characteristics, with and without loads;
10) visibility, with and without loads;

11) load charts, how to read and comprehend them and the limitations of the load chart due to the mass

and load centres;
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 11525-4

12) explanation of the stability triangle and other stability characteristics affected by speed, acceleration,

braking, raising or lowering loads while travelling, operation/manoeuvring without loads, sharp

cornering, height, attachments, grade/ramps, centre of gravity of the load and truck, combined load

centre of gravity, counterbalance principle, machine level, and any features that can affect stability

(i.e. rear axle locking system etc.);

13) controls and instrumentation, including their location, identification, function, method of operation and

identification of symbols;
14) load-handling capabilities and proper use of forks and other attachments;
15) refuelling and battery charging;
16) guards and protective devices for the specific type of truck;

17) how to use stabilizing devices, chassis levelling and other stability-related functions, and examples of

improper operation and the risks associated with them;

18) how to correctly use the operator restraint(s), e.g. seat belt, and other safety devices;

19) basic steps to take in the event of a tip-over, e.g. bracing for impact;
20) wheel loadings when loaded and unloaded;

21) when entering and exiting the operator's station, the need to always maintain three points of contact,

i.e. one hand and two feet or two hands and one foot;
22) types of attachments and their applications/limitations, and;
23) other characteristics, if any, of the specific truck.
b) operation and worksite-related topics:

1) surface conditions on which the truck is to be operated, loaded and unloaded, e.g. floor and ground

conditions, ground pressure, ramps and inclines, trailers;
2) load handling at height and at ground level while picking and placing loads;
3) levelling of the truck prior to picking and placing loads;
4) pedestrian traffic in areas in which the truck is to be used;
5) narrow-aisle and other confined-area operations;
6) potentially hazardous locations where the truck will be operated;

7) ramps and gradients and how the stability of the truck could be affected by them;

8) enclosed environments and other areas where insufficient ventilation could result in a concentration

of carbon monoxide gas from the engine exhaust;

9) other unique or potentially hazardous environmental conditions at the worksite that could affect other

workers and the safe operation of the truck.
c) handling free-suspended loads:

1) how handling, and traveling with, a suspended load affects the trucks stability, i.e. operation on

slopes, fast and sudden movements;
4 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 11525-4

2) how to minimize the hazards associated with the movement of the suspended load during handling

and traveling, i.e. tethering, boom position, slow gradual boom movements, slow travel speed;

3) potential hazards around a free-suspended load, i.e. collisions, crushing, falling objects;

4) unapproved applications for free-suspended loads, i.e. lifting of personnel;

5) any additional training requirements outlined by the truck manufacturer or local, state, federal,

national standards and regulations, i.e. signalling, rigging/slinging.
4.7.2 Testing, retraining and enforcement
4.7.2.1 Testing

During training, performance and oral and/or written tests shall be given by the examiner to measure the skill

and knowledge of the trainee in meeting the requirements of the operator training programme based on this

part of ISO 11525. Examiners shall establish a pass/fail requirement for such tests. The user shall verify that

the testing has been satisfactorily performed.

Following the completion of instruction and practice, all trainees shall be evaluated.

The evaluation shall be conducted on the specific work tasks and shall include the following items:

a) preoperational inspection;
b) function test;
c) start-up;
d) travelling, with and without a load (including pedestrian safety);
e) use of the approved load handling attachment;
f) load selection and securement;
g) handling the suspended load including load pickup and placement;
h) engagement of the load handling means;
i) handling specific to docks, trucks, and rail cars;
j) driving on ramps and grades;
k) proper use of the truck's safety features;
l) shutdown;
m) refuelling/recharging;
n) operational maintenance.
Records shall be retained in accordance with 4.7.2.4.
4.7.2.2 Retraining

Operators shall be retrained when new equipment is introduced, existing equipment modified, operating

conditions change, current training expires or an operator's performance is deemed unsatisfactory by the user.

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 11525-4

The user shall determine the extent of operator retraining, as well as the need for retraining, taking into

consideration regional or local requirements.
4.7.2.3 Enforcement

The user shall be responsible for enforcing the safe use of the truck according to the provisions of this part of

ISO 11525.
4.7.2.4 Record keeping

Records of the person or persons trained in the operation of the truck shall be retained for at least the period

of time for which the training is valid. In addition:

 the successful trainee shall be furnished with proof of training, verifying compliance with the operator

training program based on this part of ISO 11525;

 the records shall reflect the period of time when the training has not expired;

 the records shall include the name of the entity providing training or retraining, the name of trainer(s) and

examiner(s), clear identification of the truck(s) and attachment(s) covered by training, and the date of

training.

 when requested, records regarding proof of training shall be readily available.

4.8 Inspection and maintenance
4.8.1 General

The inspection and maintenance of trucks shall be performed in accordance with the manufacturer’s and

user’s recommendations, national regulations and the following practices:

a) a planned system for scheduled inspection, lubrication, maintenance and adjustment (as required) shall

be established and followed;

b) only competent and authorized persons shall be permitted to maintain, repair, rebuild, adjust and inspect

trucks, in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
4.8.2 Preparation for inspection or repair

Prior to operating the truck, the operator shall ensure that truck periodical inspection register is complete and

report any discrepancies or omissions to the user.
In preparation for, and prior to, starting inspection or repair of a truck:
 the machine shall be placed on a flat, compact ground;

 wheel chocks or other means shall be applied to ensure the truck remains stationary;

 manufacturer-approved methods/devices as outlined in the operator's manual shall be implemented to

prevent unintentional movement of the truck/components before working on or around it;

 the possibility of unintentional fuel escape shall be eliminated before any part of the fuel system is

disconnected;
 the battery shall be disconnected before working on the electrical system;
6 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 11525-4

 the possibility of unintentional stored energy release, e.g. from the accumulator or hydraulic system, shall

be eliminated;

 set the direction control in neutral, apply the parking brake, switch off the engine and remove the device

(e.g. key, key pad, magnetic card) that prevents starting without the use of such device;

 that appropriate personal protective equipment is used.
4.8.3 Performance checks

4.8.3.1 Prior to conducting the performance checks, the user shall ensure the pre-operation inspection has

been performed satisfactorily per the manufacturer’s instructions.

4.8.3.2 The user shall ensure that performance checks are conducted in an authorized area where safe

clearances exist.
4.8.3.3 Before starting the performance check, the operator shall:

a) be in the normal operating position using operator restraint (e.g. seat belt);

b) disengage clutch, if the machine is so equipped;
c) apply service and parking brakes;
d) place directional control(s) in neutral, and;
e) start the engine or power system.

4.8.3.4 Check that all control systems and safety devices, e.g. loading handling means, steering, brakes, are

functioning in accordance with the manufacture's instructions.
4.8.3.5 Before exiting the truck, the operator shall:
a) stop the truck;

b) fully lower the load-handling means and ste the truck in normal acess/egress position;;

c) place directional control(s) in neutral;
d) apply the parking brake;
e) shut down the engine or power system, and;

f) remove the key, if so equipped, or, where other means, such as a key pad, are used to prevent the truck's

use by unauthorised personnel, use this means to turn off the power.
4.8.4 Inspection and maintenance precautions

IMPORTANT: The following precautions shall be taken by the user when inspection and maintenance

is performed:

 Avoid fire hazards and ensure that fire protection equipment is present in the work area. Do not

use an open flame to check fluid levels or for leakage of fuel, battery electrolyte or other

flammable liquids. Do not use open containers of fuel or flammable cleaning fluids for cleaning

parts.
 Properly ventilate the work area, including engine exhaust fumes.
 Keep the work area clean and dry.
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ISO/DIS 11525-4

 Do not make repairs or adjustments (e.g. welding structures) unless specifically authorized to do

so in accordance with 4.3.

 When refuelling, smoking in the area shall not be permitted, the engine shall be stopped, and the

operator shall not be in the truck.
 Spillage of oil or fuel shall be cleaned appropriately.
 Replace the oil and fuel tank caps before restarting engine.

 Avoid other potential hazards associated with the inspection and maintenance of the truck not

addressed in this part of ISO 11525 or the operator's manual.

 Always comply with the national environmental regulations to manage wasted oils, filters or any

other source of environmental pollution.
4.8.5 Inspection and maintenance requirements
The user shall ensure that:

a) brakes, steering mechanisms, control mechanisms, warning devices, guards and safety devices, lift and

tilt mechanisms, axle stops, and frame members are carefully inspected and maintained in a safe

operating condition in accordance with 4.8.1 a);

b) if the truck and components are designed and approved for hazardous area operation, that receive

special attention so that the maintenance performed achieves the original, approved safe operating

conditions;
c) fuel systems are inspected for leaks, damage and deterioration;

d) hydraulic systems are inspected and maintained in conformance with the manufacturer's

recommendations, and hydraulic cylinders, valves and other hydraulic system components are checked

to ensure that creep or leakage has not developed to the extent that would create a hazard or exceed the

values defined in ISO 10896-1:2012, 4.9.2.4;

e) truck safety, capacity, operation and maintenance information plates, tags and labels are maintained in a

legible condition;

f) the truck is kept in a clean condition so as to minimize fire hazards and facilitate detection of loose or

damaged parts;

g) replacement parts, including tyres, are interchangeable with and of a quality at least equal to the original

spare parts, and that such parts are installed using all applicable safety and installation procedures;

h) if any repairs are necessary, action is taken to prevent use of the truck until repairs have been completed;

i) industry safety practices are followed when fitting or removing tyres from rims, pneumatic tyres are

completely deflated prior to their removal from rims, and a safety cage or restraining device is used while

inflating tyres;

j) approved load-handling attachments are inspected, repaired or replaced in accordance with the

manufacturer's instructions, and;
k) forks are inspected, repaired or replaced in accordance with ISO 5057.
4.9 Hazardous environments

The user shall ensure that the truck selected is appropriate for the environment in which it is intended to be

used.
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ISO/DIS 11525-4
To operate in proximity of overhead electric lines, the user s
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