Traditional Chinese medicine — Vocabulary — Part 1: Chinese Materia Medica

ISO 18662-1:2017 specifies the basic vocabulary for the Chinese Materia Medica (CMM), including most commonly used CMM species. Each term is provided a Latin name, Chinese name, Pinyin name and English name. Source-related definition of applicable parts and botanical name(s) of the plant, zoological family name of the animal, or mineral stated with mineral or rock title and active ingredients are given as note(s) for each item. ISO 18662-1:2017 is intended to be used by those engaged in the practice and management of production, trade, research and education of crude natural Chinese medicinal materials.

Médecine traditionnelle chinoise — Vocabulaire — Partie 1: Matières médicales chinoises

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
17-Jul-2017
Current Stage
9060 - Close of review
Due Date
02-Dec-2022
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO 18662-1:2017 - Traditional Chinese medicine -- Vocabulary
English language
143 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18662-1
First edition
2017-07
Traditional Chinese medicine —
Vocabulary —
Part 1:
Chinese Materia Medica
Médecine traditionnelle chinoise — Vocabulaire —
Partie 1: Matières médicales chinoises
Reference number
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
ISO 2017
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Chinese Materia Medica ................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

Indices .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................85

Bibliography .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................142

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: w w w . i s o .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 249, Traditional Chinese medicine.

iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
Introduction

Chinese Material Medica (CMM) has been around for thousands of years and is widely used as natural

materials for processing decoction pieces, healthcare products and natural remedies. The first recorded

monograph of CMM, Shennong’s Classic of Materia Medica (Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing) in the second century,

listed 365 CMM species, including herbs, animals and minerals. In 1596, the Compendium of Materia

Medica (Ben Cao Gang Mu) was published with 1 892 CMM species. CMM spread from China to its

neighbouring countries thousands of years ago and has just found its way to other countries worldwide

in recent decades. Today, CMM has gained popularity and widespread use, with global CMM trade

steadily growing.

However, there are no International Standards for CMM terminology up to now, leading to a situation

where almost every CMM term being translated in several different ways. This has hindered

international education, academic exchanges and trade. The need for an International Standard for

basic vocabulary of CMM has become imperative.

This CMM document is provided to facilitate international academic exchange, research and

development, management and trade.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
Traditional Chinese medicine — Vocabulary —
Part 1:
Chinese Materia Medica
1 Scope

This document specifies the basic vocabulary for the Chinese Materia Medica (CMM), including most

commonly used CMM species. Each term is provided a Latin name, Chinese name, Pinyin name and

English name. Source-related definition of applicable parts and botanical name(s) of the plant, zoological

family name of the animal, or mineral stated with mineral or rock title and active ingredients are given

as note(s) for each item.

This document is intended to be used by those engaged in the practice and management of production,

trade, research and education of crude natural Chinese medicinal materials.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http:// www .iso .org/ obp
3.1
Chinese Materia Medica
CMM

medicinal parts of medicinal plants, animals and minerals after preliminary processing, which are used

as raw materials to make decoction pieces in Chinese medicines

Note 1 to entry: The different nomenclatures of the Chinese Materia Medica in use are described as follows:

— Latin name: Latin pharmaceutical name of the Chinese Materia Medica. In the Latin name, the genus name or

genus name plus species name is followed by the applicable medicinal parts. Items are listed in alphabetical

order of the Latin name for easy and convenient search.

— Chinese name: Han (Chinese) character name of the Chinese Materia Medica. Han characters include both the

simplified character and the traditional character, which is given in parentheses.

— Pinyin name: Pinyin name (Chinese phonetic) of the Chinese Materia Medica. The “four tones” have been

added in Pinyin to facilitate practice by users. Pinyin syllabication (in parentheses) is provided to facilitate

correct pronunciation.

— Scientific name: Latin scientific name of the source of the Chinese Materia Medica.

— English name: Commonly used English name of the Chinese Materia Medica.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4 Chinese Materia Medica
4.1
Latin name: Abri herba
Chinese name: 鸡骨草 (雞骨草)
Pinyin name: Ji gu cao (jī ɡǔ cǎo)
English name: prayer-beads; Canton love-pea vine
dried herb of Abrus cantoniensis Hance (Fam. Leguminosae)
4.2
Latin name: Acanthopanacis cortex
Chinese name: 五加皮 (五加皮)
Pinyin name: Wu jia pi (wǔ jiā pí)
English name: acanthopanax root bark; slenderstyle acanthopanax bark
dried root bark of Acanthopanax gracilistylus W.W.Smith (Fam. Araliaceae)
4.3
Latin name: Acanthopanacis senticosi radix et rhizoma seu caulis
Chinese name: 刺五加 (刺五加)
Pinyin name: Ci wu jia (cì wǔ jiā)
English name: spiny acanthopanax; manyprickle acanthopanax

dried root and rhizome or stem of Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms (Fam. Araliaceae)

4.4
Latin name: Achyranthis bidentatae radix
Chinese name: 牛膝 (牛膝)
Pinyin name: Niu xi (niú xī)
English name: achyranthes root; twotoothed achyranthes root
dried root of Achyrantes bidentata Bl. (Fam. Amaranthaceae)
4.5
Latin name: Achyranthis radix terrena
Chinese name: 土牛膝 (土牛膝)
Pinyin name: Tu niu xi (tǔ niú xī)
English name: local achyranthis root
dried root and rhizome of Achyranthes aspera L. (Fam. Amaranthaceae)
4.6
Latin name: Aconiti kusnezoffii folium
Chinese name: 草乌叶 (草烏葉)
Pinyin name: Cao wu ye (cǎo wū yè)
English name: kusnezoff monkshood leaf
dried leaf of Aconitum kusnezoffii Reichb.(Fam. Ranunculaceae)
2 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.7
Latin name: Aconiti kusnezoffii radix
Chinese name: 草乌 (草烏)
Pinyin name: Cao wu (cǎo wū)
English name: wild aconite root; kusnezoff monkshood root
dried root tuber of Aconitum kusnezoffii Reichb. (Fam. Ranunculaceae)
4.8
Latin name: Aconiti radix
Chinese name: 川乌 (川烏)
Pinyin name: Chuan wu (chuān wū)
English name: Sichuan aconite root; common monkshood mother root
dried parent root tuber of Aconitum carmichaeli Debx. (Fam. Ranunculaceae)
4.9
Latin name: Aconiti radix lateralis praeparata
Chinese name: 附子 (附子)
Pinyin name: Fu zi (fù zǐ)

English name: prepared aconite accessory root; prepared common monkshood daughter root

processed daughter root of Aconitum carmichaeli Debx. (Fam. Ranunculaceae)
4.10
Latin name: Acori tatarinowii rhizoma
Chinese name: 石菖蒲 (石菖蒲)
Pinyin name: Shi chang pu (shí chāng pú)
English name: grassleaf sweetflag rhizome
dried rhizome of Acorus tatarinowii Schott. (Fam. Araceae)
4.11
Latin name: Adenophorae radix
Chinese name: 南沙参 (南沙參)
Pinyin name: Nan sha shen (nán shā shēn)
English name: adenophora root; fourleaf ladybell root

dried root of Adenophora tetraphylla (Thunb.) Fisch or Adenophora stricta Miq. (Fam. Campanulaceae)

4.12
Latin name: Aesculi semen
Chinese name: 娑罗子 (娑羅子)
Pinyin name: Suo luo zi (suō luó zǐ)
English name: horse chestnut; buckeye seed

dried ripe seed of Aesculus chinensis Bge., Aesculus chinensis Bge. var.chekiangensis (Hu et Fang) Fang or

Aesculus wilsonii Rehd. (Fam. Hippocastanaceae)
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.13
Latin name: Agkistrodon
Chinese name: 蕲蛇 (蘄蛇)
Pinyin name: Qi she (qí shé)
English name: agkistrodon
dried body of Agkistrodon acutus (Güenther). (Fam. Viperidae)
4.14
Latin name: Agrimoniae herba
Chinese name: 仙鹤草 (仙鶴草)
Pinyin name: Xian he cao (xiān hè cǎo)
English name: agrimony
dried aerial part of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. (Fam. Rosaceae)
4.15
Latin name: Ailanthi cortex
Chinese name: 椿皮 (椿皮)
Pinyin name: Chun pi (chūn pí)
English name: ailanthus bark; tree-of-heaven bark

dried root bark or stem bark of Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle (Fam. Simaroubaceae)

4.16
Latin name: Ajugae herba
Chinese name: 筋骨草 (筋骨草)
Pinyin name: Jin gu cao (jīn gǔ cǎo)
English name: decumbent bugle herb
dried herb of Ajuga decumbens Thunb. (Fam. Labiatae)
4.17
Latin name: Akebiae caulis
Chinese name: 木通 (木通)
Pinyin name: Mu tong (mù tōnɡ)
English name: akebia caulis; akebia stem

dried lianoid stem of Akebia quinata (Thunb.) Decne., Akebia trifoliata (Thunb.) Koidz. or Akebia trifoliata

(Thunb.) Koidz. var. australis (Diels) Rehd. (Fam. Lardizabalaceae)
4.18
Latin name: Akebiae fructus
Chinese name: 预知子 (預知子)
Pinyin name: Yu zhi zi (yù zhī zǐ)
English name: akehia fruit

dried nearly ripe fruit of Akebia quinata (Thunb.) Decne, Akebia trifoliata (Thunb.) Koidz. or Akebia trifo-

liata (Thunb.) Koidz. var. australis (Diels) Rehd. (Fam. Lardizabalaceae)
4 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.19
Latin name: Albiziae cortex
Chinese name: 合欢皮 (合歡皮)
Pinyin name: He huan pi (hé huān pí)
English name: silktree bark; silktree albizia bark
dried stem bark of Albizia julibrissin Durazz. (Fam. Leguminosae)
4.20
Latin name: Alismatis rhizoma
Chinese name: 泽泻 (澤瀉)
Pinyin name: Ze xie (zé xiè)
English name: alisma rhizome; oriental waterplantain rhizome
dried tuber of Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juzep. (Fam. Alismataceae)
4.21
Latin name: Allii fistulosi bulbus
Chinese name: 葱白 (蔥白)
Pinyin name: Cong bai (cōng bái)
English name: scallion
bulb of Allium Fistulosum L. (Fam. Liliaceae)
4.22
Latin name: Allii macrostemi bulbus
Chinese name: 薤白 (薤白)
Pinyin name: Xie bai (xiè bái)
English name: Chinese garlic; longstamen onion bulb

dried bulb of Allium macrostemon Bge. or Allium chinensis G. Don. (Fam. Liliaceae)

4.23
Latin name: Allii sativi bulbus
Chinese name: 大蒜 (大蒜)
Pinyin name: Da suan (dà suàn)
English name: garlic bulb
dried bulb of Allium sativum L. (Fam. Liliaceae)
4.24
Latin name: Allii tuberosi semen
Chinese name: 韭菜子 (韭菜子)
Pinyin name: Jiu cai zi (jiǔ cài zǐ)
English name: Chinese leek seed; tuber onion seed
dried ripe seed of Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Spreng. (Fam. Liliaceae)
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.25
Latin name: Aloe
Chinese name: 芦荟 (蘆薈)
Pinyin name: Lu hui (lú huì)
English name: aloes

dried concentrated matter obtained from the juice of the leaf of Aloe barbadensis Miller, Aloe ferox Miller

or other species of the same genus. Aloe barbadensis is commonly known as “old aloe” and Aloe ferox is

known as “new aloes” (Fam. Liliaceae)
4.26
Latin name: Alpiniae katsumadai semen
Chinese name: 草豆蔻 (草豆蔻)
Pinyin name: Cao dou kou (cǎo dòu kòu)
English name: katsumada galangal seed
dried almost ripe seed of Alpinia katsumadai Hayata (Fam. Zingiberaceae)
4.27
Latin name: Alpiniae officinarum rhizoma
Chinese name: 高良姜 (高良薑)
Pinyin name: Gao liang jiang (gāo liáng jiāng)
English name: lesser galangal rhizome
dried rhizome of Alpinia officinarum Hance (Fam. Zingiberaceae)
4.28
Latin name: Alpiniae oxyphyllae fructus
Chinese name: 益智 (益智)
Pinyin name: Yi zhi (yì zhì)
English name: alpinia fruit; sharpleaf glangal fruit
dried ripe fruit of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. (Fam. Zingiberaceae)
4.29
Latin name: Alumen
Chinese name: 白矾 (白礬)
Pinyin name: Bai fan (bái fán)
English name: alum

processed mineral of sulfates of alumstone, containing mainly potassium aluminium sulfate [KAl (SO ) ·12H O]

4 2 2
4.30
Latin name: Amomi fructus
Chinese name: 砂仁 (砂仁)
Pinyin name: Sha ren (shā rén)
English name: amomum fruit

dried ripe fruit of Amomum villosum Lour., Amomum villosum Lour. var. xanthioides (T.L. Wu et Senjen) or

Amomum longiligulare (T.L. Wu) (Fam. Zingiberaceae)
6 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.31
Latin name: Amomi rotundus fructus
Chinese name: 豆蔻 (豆蔻)
Pinyin name: Dou kou (dòu kòu)
English name: round cardamon fruit

dried ripe fruit of Amomum kravanh Pierre ex Gagnep. or Amomum compactum Soland ex Maton (Fam.

Zingiberaceae)
4.32
Latin name: Ampelopsis radix
Chinese name: 白蔹 (白蘞)
Pinyin name: Bai lian (bái liǎn)
English name: Japanese ampelopsis root; ampelopsis
dried root tuber of Ampelopsis japonica (Thunb.) Makino (Fam. Vitaceae)
4.33
Latin name: Andrographis herba
Chinese name: 穿心莲 (穿心蓮)
Pinyin name: Chuan xin lian (chuān xīn lián)
English name: andrographis; common andrographis herb
dried aerial part of Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Nees (Fam. Acanthaceae)
4.34
Latin name: Anemarrhenae rhizoma
Chinese name: 知母 (知母)
Pinyin name: Zhi mu (zhī mǔ)
English name: anemarrhena rhizome; common anemarrhena rhizome
dried rhizome of Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge. (Fam. Liliaceae)
4.35
Latin name: Anemones raddeanae rhizoma
Chinese name: 两头尖 (兩頭尖)
Pinyin name: Liang tou jian (liǎng tóu jiān)
English name: radde anemone rhizome
dried rhizome of Anemone raddeana Regel (Fam. Ranunculaceae)
4.36
Latin name: Angelicae dahuricae radix
Chinese name: 白芷 (白芷)
Pinyin name: Bai zhi (bái zhǐ)
English name: dahurian angelica root

dried root of Angelica dahurica (Fisch. ex Hoffm.) Benth. et Hook. f. or Angelica dahurica (Fisch. ex Hoffm.)

Benth. et Hook. f. var. formosana (Boiss.) Shan et Yuan (Fam. Umbelliferae)
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.37
Latin name: Angelicae pubescentis radix
Chinese name: 独活 (獨活)
Pinyin name: Du huo (dú huó)
English name: pubescent angelica root; doubleteeth pubescent angelica root

dried root of Angelica pubescens Maxim. f. biserrata Shan et Yuan (Fam. Umbelliferae)

4.38
Latin name: Angelicae sinensis radix
Chinese name: 当归 (當歸)
Pinyin name: Dang gui (dānɡ ɡuī)
English name: tangkuei; Chinese angelica root
dried root of Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels (Fam. Umbelliferae)
4.39
Latin name: Anisi stellati fructus
Chinese name: 八角茴香 (八角茴香)
Pinyin name: Ba jiao hui xiang (bā jiǎo huí xiānɡ)
English name: Chinese star anise
dried ripe fruit of Illicium verum Hook. f. (Fam. Magnoliaceae)
4.40
Latin name: Apocyni veneti folium
Chinese name: 罗布麻叶 (羅布麻葉)
Pinyin name: Luo bu ma ye (luó bù má yè)
English name: dogbane leaf
dried leaf of Apocynum venetum L. (Fam. Apocynaceae)
4.41
Latin name: Aquilariae lignum resinatum
Chinese name: 沉香 (沉香)
Pinyin name: Chen xiang (chén xiānɡ)
English name: aquilaria wood; Chinese eaglewood wood
resin containing wood of Aquilaria sinensis (Lour.) Gilg (Fam. Thymelaeaceae)
4.42
Latin name: Arcae concha
Chinese name: 瓦楞子 (瓦楞子)
Pinyin name: Wa leng zi (wǎ lénɡ zǐ)
English name: arc shell

shell of Arca subcrenata Lischke, Arca granosa Linnaeus or Arca inflata Reeve (Fam. Arcidae)

8 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.43
Latin name: Arctii fructus
Chinese name: 牛蒡子 (牛蒡子)
Pinyin name: Niu bang zi (niú bàng zǐ)
English name: great burdock achene
dried ripe fruit of Arctium lappa L. (Fam. Compositae)
4.44
Latin name: Ardisiae crenatae radix
Chinese name: 朱砂根 (朱砂根)
Pinyin name: Zhu sha gen (zhū shā gēn)
English name: coral ardisia root
dried root of Ardisia crenata Sims (Fam. Myrsinaceae)
4.45
Latin name: Ardisiae japonicae herba
Chinese name: 矮地茶 (矮地茶)
Pinyin name: Ai di cha (ǎi dì chá)
English name: Japanese ardisia herb
dried herb of Ardisia japonica (Thunb.) Blume (Fam. Myrsinaceae)
4.46
Latin name: Arecae pericarpium
Chinese name: 大腹皮 (大腹皮)
Pinyin name: Da fu pi (dà fù pí)
English name: areca peel
dried pericarp of Areca catechu L. (Fam. Palmae)
4.47
Latin name: Arecae semen
Chinese name: 槟榔 (檳榔)
Pinyin name: Bing lang (bīn láng)
English name: areca seed
dried ripe seed of Areca catechu L. (Fam. Palmae)
4.48
Latin name: Arisaematis rhizoma
Chinese name: 天南星 (天南星)
Pinyin name: Tian nan xing (tiān nán xīng)
English name: Jack-in-the-pulpit tuber

dried tuber of Arisaema erubescens (Wall.) Schott., Arisaema heterophyllum Bl. or Arisaema amurense

Maxim. (Fam. Araceae)
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 9
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.49
Latin name: Aristolochiae fructus
Chinese name: 马兜铃 (馬兜鈴)
Pinyin name: Ma dou ling (mǎ dōu líng)
English name: aristolochia fruit

dried ripe fruit of Aristolochia contorta Bge. or Aristolochia debilis Sieb. et Zucc. (Fam. Aristolochiaceae)

4.50
Latin name: Aristolochiae herba
Chinese name: 天仙藤 (天仙藤)
Pinyin name: Tian xian teng (tiān xiān téng)
English name: dutchmanspipe vine

dried aerial part of Aristolochia debilis Sieb. et Zucc. or Aristolochia contorta Bge. (Fam. Aristolochiaceae)

4.51
Latin name: Armeniacae semen amarum
Chinese name: 苦杏仁 (苦杏仁)
Pinyin name: Ku xing ren (kǔ xìng rén)
English name: bitter apricot seed

dried ripe seed of Prunus armeniaca L. var. ansu Maxim, Prunus sibirica L., Prunus mandshurica (Maxim.)

Koehne or the Prunus armeniaca L. (Fam. Rosaceae)
4.52
Latin name: Arnebiae radix
Chinese name: 紫草 (紫草)
Pinyin name: Zi cao (zǐ cǎo)
English name: arnebia root

dried root of Arnebia euchroma (Royle) Johnst. or Arnebia guttata Bunge (Fam. Boraginaceae)

4.53
Latin name: Artemisiae annuae herba
Chinese name: 青蒿 (青蒿)
Pinyin name: Qing hao (qīng hāo)
English name: sweet wormwood herb
dried aerial part of Artemisia annua L. (Fam. Compositae)
4.54
Latin name: Artemisiae argyi folium
Chinese name: 艾叶 (艾葉)
Pinyin name: Ai ye (ài yè)
English name: mugwort leaf; argy wormood leaf
dried leaf of Artemisia argyi Lévl. et Vant. (Fam. Compositae)
10 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.55
Latin name: Artemisiae scopariae herba
Chinese name: 茵陈 (茵陳)
Pinyin name: Yin chen (yīn chén)
English name: virgate wormwood herb

dried aerial part of Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit. or Artemisia capillaris Thunb. (Fam. Compositae)

4.56
Latin name: Asari radix et rhizoma
Chinese name: 细辛 (細辛)
Pinyin name: Xi xin (xì xīn)
English name: asarum; manchurian wildginger root

dried root and rhizome of Asarum heterotropoides Fr. Schmidt var. mandshuricum (Maxim.) Kitag., Asarum

sieboldii Miq. var. seoulense Nakai or Asarum sieboldii Miq. (Fam. Aristolochiaceae)

4.57
Latin name: Asini corii colla
Chinese name: 阿胶 (阿膠)
Pinyin name: E jiao (ē jiāo)
English name: donkey-hide glue

solid glue prepared from the dried or fresh skin of Equus asinus Linnaeus (Fam. Equidae) by decoction

and concentration
4.58
Latin name: Asparagi radix
Chinese name: 天冬 (天冬)
Pinyin name: Tian dong (tiān dōnɡ)
English name: asparagus tuber; cochinchinese asparagus root
dried root tuber of Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr (Fam. Liliaceae)
4.59
Latin name: Aspongopus
Chinese name: 九香虫 (九香蟲)
Pinyin name: Jiu xiang chong (jiǔ xiānɡ chónɡ)
English name: stink bug
dried body of Aspongopus chinensis Dallas (Fam. Pentatomidae)
4.60
Latin name: Asteris radix et rhizoma
Chinese name: 紫菀 (紫菀)
Pinyin name: Zi wan (zǐ wǎn)
English name: aster root; Tatarian aster root
dried root and rhizome of Aster tataricus L. f. (Fam. Compositae)
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 11
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.61
Latin name: Astragali complanati semen
Chinese name: 沙苑子 (沙苑子)
Pinyin name: Sha yuan zi (shā yuàn zǐ)
English name: complanate astragalus seed; flatstem milkvetch seed
dried ripe seed of Astragalus complanatus R. Br. (Fam. Leguminosae)
4.62
Latin name: Astragali radix
Chinese name: 黄芪 (黃芪)
Pinyin name: Huang qi (huáng qí)
English name: astragalus root; milkvetch root

dried root of Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. var. Mongholicus (Bge.) Hsiao or Astragalus mem-

branaceus (Fisch.) Bge. (Fam. Leguminosae)
4.63
Latin name: Atractylodis macrocephalae rhizoma
Chinese name: 白术 (白術)
Pinyin name: Bai zhu (bái zhú)
English name: white atractylodes rhizome
dried rhizome of Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz. (Fam. Compositae)
4.64
Latin name: Atractylodis rhizoma
Chinese name: 苍术 (蒼術)
Pinyin name: Cang zhu (cānɡ zhú)
English name: atractylodes rhizome

dried rhizome of Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC. or Atractylodes chinensis (DC.) Koidz. (Fam. Compositae)

4.65
Latin name: Aucklandiae radix
Chinese name: 木香 (木香)
Pinyin name: Mu xiang (mù xiāng)
English name: aucklandia; common aucklandia root
dried root of Aucklandia lappa Decne. (Fam. Compositae)
4.66
Latin name: Aurantii fructus
Chinese name: 枳壳 (枳殼)
Pinyin name: Zhi qiao (zhǐ qiào)
English name: bitter orange

dried, immature fruit of Citrus aurantium L. and its cultivated varieties (Fam. Rutaceae)

12 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 17 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.67
Latin name: Aurantii fructus immaturus
Chinese name: 枳实 (枳實)
Pinyin name: Zhi shi (zhǐ shí)
English name: unripe bitter orange

dried young fruit of Citrus aurantium L. and its cultivars or Citrus sinensis Osbeck (Fam. Rutaceae)

4.68
Latin name: Bambusae caulis in taenia
Chinese name: 竹茹 (竹茹)
Pinyin name: Zhu ru (zhú rú)
English name: bamboo shavings

dried middle shavings of the stem of Bambusa tuldoides Munro, Sinocalamus beecheyanus (Munro) Mc-

Clure var. pubescens P.F.Li or Phyllostachys nigra (Lodd.) Munro var. henonis (Mitf.) Stapf ex Rendle (Fam.

Gramineae)
4.69
Latin name: Bambusae concretio silicea
Chinese name: 天竺黄 (天竺黃)
Pinyin name: Tian zhu huang (tiān zhú huánɡ)
English name: tabasheer

dired masses of secretion in the stem of Bambusa textilis McClure or the Schizostachyum chinense Rendle

(Fam. Gramineae)
4.70
Latin name: Baphicacanthis cusiae rhizoma et radix
Chinese name: 南板蓝根 (南板藍根)
Pinyin name: Nan ban lan gen (nán bǎn lán gēn)
English name: baphicacanthus root
dried rhizome and root of Baphicacanthus cusia (Nees) Bremek (Fam. Acanthaceae)
4.71
Latin name: Belamcandae rhizoma
Chinese name: 射干 (射干)
Pinyin name: She gan (shè ɡān)
English name: blackberrylily rhizome
dried rhizome of Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC (Fam. Iridaceae)
4.72
Latin name: Benincasae exocarpium
Chinese name: 冬瓜皮 (冬瓜皮)
Pinyin name: Dong gua pi (dōng guā pí)
English name: winter melon rind; Chinese wax-gourd peel
dried exocarp of Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn. (Fam. Cucurbitaceae)
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 13
---------------------- Page: 18 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.73
Latin name: Benzoinum
Chinese name: 安息香 (安息香)
Pinyin name: An xi xiang (ān xī xiāng)
English name: benzoin

dried resin collected from the trunk of Styrax tonkinensis (Pierre) Craib ex Hart. (Fam. Styracaceae)

4.74
Latin name: Berberidis radix
Chinese name: 三颗针 (三顆針)
Pinyin name: San ke zhen (sān kē zhēn)
English name: barberry radix

dried root of Berberis soulieana Schneid., Berberis wilsoniae Hemsl., Berberis poiretii Schneid., Berberis

vernae Schneid. and similar species (Fam. Berberidaceae)
4.75
Latin name: Bistortae rhizoma
Chinese name: 拳参 (拳參)
Pinyin name: Quan shen (quán shēn)
English name: bistort rhizome
dried rhizome of Polygonum bistorta L. (Fam. Polygonaceae)
4.76
Latin name: Bletillae rhizoma
Chinese name: 白及 (白及)
Pinyin name: Bai ji (bái jí)
English name: common bletilla tuber
dried tuber of Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Reichb. f. (Fam. Orchidaceae)
4.77
Latin name: Bolbostemmatis rhizoma
Chinese name: 土贝母 (土貝母)
Pinyin name: Tu bei mu (tǔ bèi mǔ)
English name: paniculate bolbostemma
dried tuber of Bolbostemma paniculatum (Maxim.) Franquet (Fam. Cucurbitaceae)
4.78
Latin name: Bombyx batryticatus
Chinese name: 僵蚕 (僵蠶)
Pinyin name: Jiang can (jiānɡ cán)
English name: stiff silkworm

dried body of the fourth- to fifth-stage larva of Bombyx mori Linnaeus (Fam. Bombycidae) that died of

infection (or artificial infection) by the Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill ant
14 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 19 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.79
Latin name: Bovis calculus
Chinese name: 牛黄 (牛黃)
Pinyin name: Niu huang (niú huánɡ)
English name: cow bezoar
dried gallstone of Bos taurus domesticus Gmelin (Fam. Bovidae)
4.80
Latin name: Broussonetiae fructus
Chinese name: 楮实子 (楮實子)
Pinyin name: Chu shi zi (chǔ shí zǐ)
English name: paper mulberry fruit
dried ripe fruit of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) Vent. (Fam. Moraceae)
4.81
Latin name: Bruceae fructus
Chinese name: 鸦胆子 (鴉膽子)
Pinyin name: Ya dan zi (yā dǎn zǐ)
English name: brucea fruit; Java brucea fruit
dried ripe fruit of Brucea javanica (L.) Merr. (Fam. Simarubaceae)
4.82
Latin name: Bubali cornu
Chinese name: 水牛角 (水牛角)
Pinyin name: Shui niu jiao (shuǐ niú jiǎo)
English name: water buffalo horn
horn of Bubalus bubalis Linnaeus (Fam. Bovidae)
4.83
Latin name: Buddlejae flos
Chinese name: 密蒙花 (密蒙花)
Pinyin name: Mi meng hua (mì méng huā)
English name: pale butterflybush flower; buddleia flower

dried flower bud and its inflorescence of Buddleja officinalis Maxim. (Fam. Loganiaceae)

4.84
Latin name: Bufonis venenum
Chinese name: 蟾酥 (蟾酥)
Pinyin name: Chan su (chán sū)
English name: toad venom

dried secretion of Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor or Bufo melanostictus Schneider (Fam. Bufonidae)

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 15
---------------------- Page: 20 ----------------------
ISO 18662-1:2017(E)
4.85
Latin name: Bungarus
Chinese name: 金钱白花蛇 (金錢白花蛇)
Pinyin name: Jin qian bai hua she (jīn qián bái huā shé)
English name: multibanded krati
dried body of Bungarus multicinctus Blyth (Fam. Elapidae)
4.86
Latin name: Bupleuri radix
Chinese name: 柴胡 (柴胡)
Pinyin name: Chai hu (chái hú)
English name: bupleurum; Chinese thorowax root
dried root of Bupleurum chinense DC. or Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd. (Fam
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.