Intelligent transport systems -- Cooperative ITS -- Dictionary of in-vehicle information (IVI) data structures

ISO/TS 19321:2015 specifies the in-vehicle information (IVI) data structures that are required by different ITS services (for example, refer to ISO/TS 17425 and ISO/TS 17426) for exchanging information between ITS Stations. A general, extensible data structure is specified (see Clause 5). This is split into structures called containers to accommodate current-day information (see Clause 6). Transmitted information includes IVI such as contextual speed, road works warnings, vehicle restrictions, lane restrictions, road hazards warnings, location-based services, re-routing, etc. The information in the containers is organized in sub-structures called data frames and data elements which are described in terms of its content (see Clause 7) and its syntax (see Annex A). The data structures are specified as communications agnostic. This Technical Specification does not provide the communication protocols. This Technical Specification then provides scenarios for usage of the data structure, e.g. in case of real time, short-range communications.

Systèmes intelligents de transport -- Coopérative STI -- Dictionnaire de structures de données d'informations dans les véhicules (IVI)

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Status
Replaced
Publication Date
14-Apr-2015
Withdrawal Date
14-Apr-2015
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Completion Date
15-Apr-2015
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TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 19321
First edition
2015-04-15
Intelligent transport systems —
Cooperative ITS — Dictionary of
in-vehicle information (IVI) data
structures
Systèmes intelligents de transport — Coopérative STI — Dictionnaire
de structures de données d’informations dans les véhicules (IVI)
Reference number
ISO/TS 19321:2015(E)
ISO 2015
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ISO/TS 19321:2015(E)
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© ISO 2015

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ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TS 19321:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5 In-vehicle Information (IVI) data structure ............................................................................................................................. 4

5.1 Structural model .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.1.1 General model .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.1.2 Conceptual zones ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.2 Location referencing .......................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2.2 Geographic positioning .............................................................................................................................................. 6

5.2.3 Map-based location referencing ......................................................................................................................... 7

6 IVI Containers .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.1 IVI Management Container .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.1.1 Definition ................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

6.1.2 Usage — IVI Management Container ............................................................................................................. 7

6.2 IVI Location Container ..................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2.2 Geographic Location Container ........................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 IVI Application Containers .........................................................................................................................................................10

6.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

6.3.2 General IVI Container ...............................................................................................................................................10

6.3.3 Road Configuration Container...........................................................................................................................12

6.3.4 Text Container .................................................................................................................................................................13

6.3.5 Layout Container ..........................................................................................................................................................15

7 Description of data frames and data elements ..................................................................................................................15

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................15

7.2 Data Frames ............................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.2.1 AnyCatalogue ...................................................................................................................................................................16

7.2.2 CompleteVehicleCharacteristics ......................................................................................................................16

7.2.3 ComputedSegment ......................................................................................................................................................16

7.2.4 DDD ..........................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.2.5 DDD_IO ..................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.2.6 DestinationPlace ...........................................................................................................................................................17

7.2.7 DestinationRoad ............................................................................................................................................................17

7.2.8 ISO14823Attributes ...................................................................................................................................................18

7.2.9 ISO14823Code ................................................................................................................................................................18

7.2.10 LaneInformation ...........................................................................................................................................................18

7.2.11 LayoutComponents .....................................................................................................................................................18

7.2.12 LoadType .............................................................................................................................................................................19

7.2.13 PolygonalLine ..................................................................................................................................................................19

7.2.14 RSCode ...................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.2.15 Segment ................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.2.16 TractorCharacteristics..............................................................................................................................................20

7.2.17 TrailerCharacteristics ...............................................................................................................................................20

7.2.18 TrainCharacteristics ...................................................................................................................................................20

7.2.19 Text ...........................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.2.20 VcCode ....................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.2.21 VehicleCharacteristicsFixValues ......................................................................................................................21

7.2.22 VehicleCharacteristicsRanges ............................................................................................................................21

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TS 19321:2015(E)

7.2.23 Zone ........................................................................................................................................... ...............................................22

7.3 Data Elements .......................................................................................................................................................................................22

7.3.1 AbsolutePosition ...........................................................................................................................................................22

7.3.2 AbsolutePositionWAltitude .................................................................................................................................22

7.3.3 ComparisonOperator ................................................................................................................................................22

7.3.4 DayOfWeek .........................................................................................................................................................................23

7.3.5 DeltaPosition ....................................................................................................................................................................23

7.3.6 Direction...............................................................................................................................................................................23

7.3.7 Distance ................................................................................................................................................................................23

7.3.8 DistanceOrDuration ...................................................................................................................................................23

7.3.9 DriverCharacteristics ................................................................................................................................................23

7.3.10 GoodsType ..........................................................................................................................................................................23

7.3.11 Heading .................................................................................................................................................................................24

7.3.12 HoursMinutes ..................................................................................................................................................................24

7.3.13 Its-Rrid ...................................................................... .............................................................................................................24

7.3.14 IviIdentificationNumber ........................................................................................................................................24

7.3.15 IviStatus ................................................................................................................................................................................24

7.3.16 IviType ...................................................................................................................................................................................25

7.3.17 IviPurpose...........................................................................................................................................................................25

7.3.18 LaneNumber .....................................................................................................................................................................25

7.3.19 LaneStatus ..........................................................................................................................................................................26

7.3.20 LaneType .............................................................................................................................................................................26

7.3.21 LaneWidth ..........................................................................................................................................................................27

7.3.22 MonthDay ............................................................................................................................................................................27

7.3.23 Provider ................................................................................................................................................................................27

7.3.24 RSCUnit .................................................................................................................................................................................27

7.3.25 ReferencePosition ........................................................................................................................................................28

7.3.26 Speed .......................................................................................................................................................................................28

7.3.27 VcClass ...................................................................................................................................................................................28

7.3.28 VcOption ...............................................................................................................................................................................28

7.3.29 Weight ....................................................................................................................................................................................28

7.3.30 Zid ..............................................................................................................................................................................................28

Annex A (normative) ASN.1 module ...................................................................................................................................................................29

Annex B (informative) Information on use cases .................................................................................................................................38

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................44

iv © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TS 19321:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of any

patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or on

the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT), see the following URL: Foreword — Supplementary Information.

ISO/TS 19321 was prepared by European Committee for Standardization (CEN) in collaboration with

ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation

between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved v
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ISO/TS 19321:2015(E)
Introduction

In Cooperative-ITS (C-ITS), presenting information related to the traffic situation or regulation of a

road to the driver of a vehicle is an important component of road operations. The road operators are

responsible for road setup, operation, signage, and maintenance for traffic management and road safety,

and in some countries, also for the enforcement of road laws. For road operators, efficient transport of

vehicles on roadways ensures a safe and predictable trip for all road users. Road operators, together

with equipment manufacturers, be it that they are of vehicles or of roadside equipment, contribute to

how road information is properly presented to drivers.

So far, one defined C-ITS method for notifying road users of road and/or traffic situations and events is by

transmission of messages such as Cooperative Awareness Messages (CAM), Decentralized Environment

Notification Messages (DENM), or Basic Safety Messages (BSM).

This Technical Specification supports mandatory and advisory road signage such as contextual speeds

and road works warnings. In-vehicle information can be sent by an ITS-S and either corresponds to

physical road signs such as static or variable road signs or not correspond to physical road signs (a

virtual sign) or correspond to road works. IVI does not include identification of road events as already

provided by DENM.

This Technical Specification provides a toolbox of information elements for IVI. It can be used to fulfil

the requirements of the service provider considering the needs of receiving ITS-S. The container concept

provides a way for an ITS-S to manage the relevant IVI information, determine where the IVI is relevant,

and to provide details for the application of IVI. The description of data elements encompasses the data

syntax and semantics, i.e. a definition of data format and content, together with a description of how to

use those data elements.

This Technical Specification is of an enabling nature. It does not specify which information is necessary

for a certain service, but it supports those IVI information elements that can be necessary to be

transmitted to a receiving ITS-S to carry out a certain service. Usage of the IVI information elements

depends on the specific context and application of IVI for a specific service and usage is established as

mandatory or optional only for messaging purposes, not for application purposes. The IVI Structure is

intended to be profiled to fulfil the requirements of a specific service.

This Technical Specification refers to ISO/TS 14823 as one system of standardized codes for existing

road signs codes. Note that ISO/TS 14823 does not contain codes for specific national or regional signs

which are not commonly used. ISO/TS 14823 also does not represent a catalogue of road sign pictograms

for all applicable nations.
vi © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 19321:2015(E)
Intelligent transport systems — Cooperative ITS —
Dictionary of in-vehicle information (IVI) data structures
1 Scope

This Technical Specification specifies the in-vehicle information (IVI) data structures that are required by

different ITS services (for example, refer to ISO/TS 17425 and ISO/TS 17426) for exchanging information

between ITS Stations. A general, extensible data structure is specified (see Clause 5). This is split into

structures called containers to accommodate current-day information (see Clause 6). Transmitted

information includes IVI such as contextual speed, road works warnings, vehicle restrictions, lane

restrictions, road hazards warnings, location-based services, re-routing, etc. The information in the

containers is organized in sub-structures called data frames and data elements which are described in

terms of its content (see Clause 7) and its syntax (see Annex A).

The data structures are specified as communications agnostic. This Technical Specification does not

provide the communication protocols. This Technical Specification then provides scenarios for usage of

the data structure, e.g. in case of real time, short-range communications.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code

ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 1: Country codes

ISO 14816:2005, Road transport and traffic telematics — Automatic vehicle and equipment identification —

Numbering and data structure

ISO 14906:2011, Electronic fee collection — Application interface definition for dedicated short-range

communication

ISO/IEC 8824-1:2008, Information technology — Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1): Specification of

basic notation

ISO/TS 14823, Traffic and travel information — Messages via media independent stationary dissemination

systems — Graphic data dictionary for pre-trip and in-trip information dissemination systems

ETSI/TS 102 894-2 V1.1.12, Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Users and applications requirements;

Part 2: Applications and facilities layer common data dictionary
3 Terms and definitions
3.1
application data unit
data unit exchanged between ITS-S applications
3.2
container

group of data frames (3.4) and data elements semantically belonging together in one place in the IVI structure

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/TS 19321:2015(E)
3.3
data element
data type that contains one single data
[SOURCE: ETSI/TS 102 894-2 V1.1.1]
3.4
data frame
data type that contains more than one data element (3.3) in a predefined order
[SOURCE: ETSI/TS 102 894-2 V1.1.1]
3.5
detection zone

part of the road network that is passed by a vehicle in approach of the relevance zone (3.12)

3.6
driver awareness zone

parts of road network on which a message is presented to inform drivers about upcoming situations

Note 1 to entry: This definition will be aligned with ISO/TS 17425.
3.7
in-vehicle information

information contained in the In-vehicle Information (IVI) data structure that is required by different

ITS services
3.8
in-vehicle signage

ITS service that provides static, as well as dynamic road sign and message sign information to drivers

Note 1 to entry: This definition will be aligned with ISO/TS 17425.
3.9
International Terrestrial Reference Frame
realisation of the ITRS
[SOURCE: ISO 17572-1:2008]
3.10
International Terrestrial Reference System

reference system for the earth derived from precise and accurate space geodesy measurements not

restricted to GPS Doppler measurements which is periodically tracked and revised by the International

Earth Rotation Service
[SOURCE: ISO 17572-1:2008]
3.11
Minimum Dissemination Area

parts of the road network where the IVS message can be received by the potentially targeted vehicles

Note 1 to entry: This definition will be aligned with ISO/TS 17425.
3.12
Relevance Zone

parts of the road network for which the information in an Application Container is valid

[SOURCE: ISO/TS 17425]
3.13
road hazard warning
ITS service that provides road hazard information to drivers
2 © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TS 19321:2015(E)
3.14
Road Works Warning
alerts for routing road users around road construction and/or road repair
3.15
Variable Message Sign
electronic sign board presenting text, symbols, or a combination of them
4 Abbreviated terms
The following abbreviations are used in this document.

ADR European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road

ASN.1 Abstract Syntax Notation One
BLOB Binary Large Object
DAZ Driver Awareness Zone
DE Data Element
DENM Decentralized Environmental Notification Message
DF Data Frame
ETRF European Terrestrial Reference Frame
HOT High-Occupancy Toll (lane)
HOV High-Occupancy Vehicle
ID Identification
ITRF International Terrestrial Reference Frame
ITRS International Terrestrial Reference System
ITS Intelligent Transport Systems
ITS-S ITS Station
IVI In-vehicle Information
IVS In-vehicle Signage
MDA Minimum Dissemination Area
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
POI Point of Interest
RZ Relevance Zone
RWW Road Works Warning
VMS Variable Message Sign
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ISO/TS 19321:2015(E)
5 In-vehicle Information (IVI) data structure
5.1 Structural model
5.1.1 General model

The IVI Structure represents the Application Data Unit to be transmitted and received by an ITS-

Station (ITS-S). The IVI Structure shall comply with the syntax defined in Annex A as the data type

IviStructure. This means that it shall be composed of Containers defined in this Technical

Specification and follow the form depicted in Figure 1.
Figure 1 — IVI Structure
The IVI Structure is extensible and other containers can be added in the future.

The IVI Structure is intended to be encapsulated in a message with the appropriate ITS Common Header,

for example, the ItsPduHeader of ETSI/TS 102 894-2. The header structure and contents are out of the

scope of this Technical Specification

The IVI Structure shall contain a Management Container. The information in the IVI Management Container

is applicable to the entire IVI Structure. This Container is mandatory to be present and provides a receiving

ITS-S with enough information to handle the IVI Structure and decide on its further processing.

The IVI Structure can contain one or more Location Container(s). The Location Container describes the

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