Ships and marine technology -- Shipboard incinerators -- Requirements

This document covers the design, manufacture, performance, operation, functioning and testing of incinerators intended to incinerate garbage and other shipboard wastes generated during a ship's normal service (i.e. maintenance, operational, domestic and cargo-associated wastes). This document is applicable to incinerator plants with capabilities up to 4 000 kW per unit. This document is not applicable to systems on special incinerator ships, e.g. for burning industrial wastes such as chemicals, manufacturing residues, etc. It does not address the electrical supply to the unit, nor the foundation connections and stack connections. This document provides emission requirements in Annex A, location requirements in Annex B, and flue gas temperature requirements in Annex D. Recommendations for incinerators integrated with heat recovery units are given in Annex C. The activities associated with this document can involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. It does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Navires et technologie maritime -- Incinérateurs de bord pour navires -- Exigences

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
08-Aug-2019
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
09-Jul-2019
Completion Date
09-Aug-2019
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 13617
Third edition
2019-08
Ships and marine technology —
Shipboard incinerators —
Requirements
Navires et technologie maritime — Incinérateurs de bord pour
navires — Exigences
Reference number
ISO 13617:2019(E)
ISO 2019
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ISO 13617:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 13617:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 General design requirements ................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.1 Piping .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.2 Rotating parts .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3 Insulation and cooling ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Corrosion ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.5 Liquid waste incineration .............................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.6 Combustion chamber ........................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.7 Combustion pressure ........................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.8 Charging solid waste .......................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.9 Feeding system........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.10 Ash removal ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.11 Observation port ................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.12 Design temperature values ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.13 Pre-purging and post-purging ................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.14 Mass fraction of oxygen in the discharge gases .......................................................................................................... 5

4.15 Warning plate(s) .................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.16 Instruction plate(s) ............................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.17 Flue gas cooling ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5 Electrical requirements ................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Disconnects ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.3 Live parts ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.4 Failure design ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.5 Control-circuit connections ......................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.6 Component voltage ratings .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.7 Weather endurance ............................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.8 Control device testing and acceptance ............................................................................................................................... 7

5.9 Control-circuit design ....................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.10 Overcurrent protection .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.11 Motors............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.12 Ignition systems ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.13 Wiring ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.14 Bonding ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Materials ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7 Operating controls .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.1 Disconnect switch................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.2 Emergency stop switch .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.3 Control equipment failures .......................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.3.1 General provisions.......................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.3.2 Safety thermostat ............................................................................................................................................................ 8

7.3.3 Flame failure/low oil pressure ............................................................................................................................ 8

7.3.4 Loss of power condition ............................................................................................................................................ 9

7.4 Fuel-control valves............................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.5 Alarms and indicators ....................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.6 Fire box cooling ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8 Other requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8.1 Instruction and maintenance manual ................................................................................................................................. 9

8.2 Operation while inclined .............................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 13617:2019(E)

8.3 Energy source .......................................................................................................................................................................................10

8.4 Drip trays ..................................................................................................................................................................................................10

9 Testing ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

9.1 Prototype testing ................................................................................................................................................................................10

9.2 Factory testing ......................................................................................................................................................................................10

9.3 Installation tests .................................................................................................................................................................................10

9.3.1 Flame safeguard system .........................................................................................................................................10

9.3.2 Limit controls...................................................................................................................................................................10

9.3.3 Combustion controls .................................................................................................................................................10

9.3.4 Programming controls .............................................................................................................................................11

9.3.5 Fuel control valves .......................................................................................................................................................11

9.3.6 Low voltage controls .................................................................................................................................................11

9.3.7 Switches ................................................................................................................................................................................11

10 Certification ............................................................................................................................................................................................................11

11 Marking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

12 Quality assurance .............................................................................................................................................................................................11

Annex A (normative) Emission requirements for shipboard incinerators with capacities of

up to 4 000 kW on ships subject to MARPOL ........................................................................................................................12

Annex B (normative) Location requirements for incinerators ..............................................................................................18

Annex C (informative) Incinerators integrated with heat recovery units ...................................................................20

Annex D (normative) Flue gas temperature ..............................................................................................................................................21

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................22

iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 13617:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology,

Subcommittee SC 2, Marine environment protection.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 13617:2001), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— the document was revised for continued consistency with International Maritime Organization

provisions for shipboard incinerators, which was updated in 2014;

— several updates were made to the definitions in Clause 3 and to the references of standards cited in

Clause 5;

— updates also reflect changes in the regulations of the International Maritime Organization,

International Convention on the Safety of Life at Sea, 2014 (SOLAS).

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 13617:2019(E)
Ships and marine technology — Shipboard incinerators —
Requirements
1 Scope

This document covers the design, manufacture, performance, operation, functioning and testing of

incinerators intended to incinerate garbage and other shipboard wastes generated during a ship's

normal service (i.e. maintenance, operational, domestic and cargo-associated wastes).

This document is applicable to incinerator plants with capabilities up to 4 000 kW per unit.

This document is not applicable to systems on special incinerator ships, e.g. for burning industrial

wastes such as chemicals, manufacturing residues, etc.

It does not address the electrical supply to the unit, nor the foundation connections and stack

connections.

This document provides emission requirements in Annex A, location requirements in Annex B, and flue

gas temperature requirements in Annex D. Recommendations for incinerators integrated with heat

recovery units are given in Annex C.

The activities associated with this document can involve hazardous materials, operations and

equipment. It does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the

responsibility of the user of this document to establish appropriate safety and health practices and

determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

International Maritime Organization. International Convention on the Safety of Life at Sea, 2014 (SOLAS),

Chapter II-2, Regulations 3 and 9

International Maritime Organization. International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships,

1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL)
IEC 60092, Electrical installations in ships

IEC 60092-201:1994, Electrical installations in ships — Part 201: System design — General

IEC 60092-202:2016, Electrical installations in ships — Part 202: System design — Protection

IEC 60092-301:1980, Electrical installations in ships — Part 301: Equipment — Generators and motors

IEC 60092-352:2005, Electrical installations in ships — Part 352: Choice and installation of cables for low-

voltage power systems

IEC 60092-503:2007, Electrical installations in ships — Part 503: Special features — A.C. supply systems

with voltages in the range of 1 kV and up to and including 11 kV

IEC 60529:1989 (Amd 1:1999, Amd 2:2013), Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)

ISO/IEC 17025:2017, General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 13617:2019(E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
administration
government of the state whose flag the ship is entitled to fly
3.2
cargo residues

remnants of any cargo material which are not covered by the annexes in MARPOL 73/78, except

Annex V, and which remain on the deck or in holds following loading or unloading, including loading

and unloading excess or spillage, whether in wet or dry conditions or entrained in wash water, but does

not include cargo dust remaining on the deck after sweeping or dust on the external surfaces of the ship

Note 1 to entry: Dry bulk cargo residues may include substances that are harmful to the marine environment

(HME) with special restrictions for discharges including HME entrained in cargo hold wash water. Port reception

facilities for cargo residues considered to be HME may be required at loading or discharge ports handling bulk

dry cargoes.

[SOURCE: MARPOL 73/78, Annex V reg. 1.2, modified — The wording “other annexes to the present

(IMO) Convention” has been changed to “the annexes in MARPOL 73/78, except Annex V”.]

3.3
contaminated rag

rag that has been saturated with any substance defined in MARPOL 73/78 as potentially hazardous or

harmful to human health and/or the environment
3.4
food waste
any spoiled or unspoiled food substances

EXAMPLE Fruits, vegetables, dairy products, poultry, meat products, food scraps, food particles and all

other materials contaminated by such wastes, generated aboard ship.
3.5
garbage

all kinds of food waste (3.4), domestic waste and operational waste (3.9), all plastics (3.11), cargo residues

(3.2), incinerator ashes (3.7), cooking oil, fishing gear and animal carcasses generated during the normal

operation of the ship and liable to be disposed of continuously or periodically except those substances

which are defined or listed in the annexes in MARPOL 73/78, except Annex V

Note 1 to entry: Garbage does not include fresh fish and parts thereof generated as a result of fishing activities

undertaken during the voyage, or as a result of aquaculture activities which involve the transport of fish including

shellfish for placement in the aquaculture facility and the transport of harvested fish including shellfish from

such facilities to shore for processing.
[SOURCE: MARPOL 73/78, Annex V reg. 1]
3.6
incinerator

shipboard facility designed for the primary purpose of incineration of waste, such as domestic waste,

cargo-associated waste, maintenance waste (3.8), operational waste (3.9), cargo residues (3.2) and

fishing gear

Note 1 to entry: These facilities may be designed to use or not use the heat energy produced.

2 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 13617:2019(E)
3.7
incinerator ashes

ash and clinkers resulting from shipboard incinerators (3.6) used for incineration of garbage (3.5)

[SOURCE: MARPOL 73/78, Annex V reg. 1.10]
3.8
maintenance waste

materials collected by the engine department and the deck department while maintaining and operating

the ship

EXAMPLE Soot, machinery deposits, scraped paint, deck sweepings, wiping wastes, oily rags (3.10), etc.

3.9
operational waste

all solid waste (including slurries) not covered by the annexes in MARPOL 73/78, except Annex V, that

are collected on board during normal maintenance or operations of a ship, or used for cargo stowage

and handling, including cargo residues (3.2)

Note 1 to entry: Operational waste includes, but is not limited to, the following wastes associated with cargo

stowage and handling: dunnage, shoring, incinerator ashes (3.7), pallets, lining, transit and packing materials,

plywood, paper, cardboard, wire, plastic wrapping and steel strapping.

Note 2 to entry: Operational waste also includes cleaning agents and additives contained in external wash water.

Note 3 to entry: Operational waste does not include grey water, bilge water or other similar discharges essential

to the operation of a ship.

Note 4 to entry: Wooden material may be defined as quarantine waste in certain countries.

[SOURCE: MARPOL 73/78, Annex V reg. 1.12]
3.10
oily rag
rag which has been saturated with oil as controlled in Annex I to MARPOL 73/78
3.11
plastic

solid material which contains, as an essential ingredient, one or more high molecular mass polymers

and which is formed (shaped) during either manufacture of the polymer or the fabrication into a

finished product by heat and/or pressure

Note 1 to entry: Plastics have material properties ranging from hard and brittle to soft and elastic. Plastics are

used for a variety of marine purposes including, but not limited to, packaging (vapour-proof barriers, bottles,

containers, liners), ship construction (fibreglass and laminated structures, siding, piping, insulation, flooring,

carpets, fabrics, paints and finishes, adhesives, electrical and electronic components), disposable eating utensils

and cups, bags, sheeting, floats, fishing nets, strapping bands, synthetic rope and line, and incinerator ashes (3.7)

from plastic products.
3.12
ship

ship of any type operating in the marine environment and including hydrofoil boats, air-cushioned

vehicles, submersibles, floating craft and fixed or floating platforms
3.13
sludge oil

sludge from the fuel oil lubricating oil separators, waste lubricating oil from main or auxiliary

machinery, or waste oil from bilge water separators, oil filtering equipment or drip-trays, etc.

3.14
waste
useless, unneeded or superfluous matter, which is to be discarded
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 13617:2019(E)
4 General design requirements
4.1 Piping

Piping for fuel and sludge oil shall be constructed of seamless steel of adequate strength and to the

satisfaction of the Administration. Short lengths of steel, or annealed copper nickel, nickel copper,

or copper pipe and tubing may be used at the burners. Non-metallic materials shall not be used for

fuel lines. Valves and fittings may be threaded in sizes up to and including 60 mm outer diameter, but

threaded unions shall not be used on pressure lines in sizes 33 mm outer diameter and over.

4.2 Rotating parts

All rotating or moving mechanical and exposed electrical parts shall be protected by guards or shields

against accidental contact by personnel in the vicinity of the incinerator.
4.3 Insulation and cooling

Incinerator walls shall be protected with insulated fire bricks/refractory and a cooling system. The

outside surface temperature of the incinerator casing being touched during normal operations shall not

exceed 20 °C above the ambient temperature.

The refractory shall be resistant to thermal shocks and resistant to normal ship's vibration. The

refractory design temperature shall be equal to the combustion chamber design temperature plus 20 %

(see 4.12).

The outside surface of the combustion chamber(s) shall be shielded from contact such that personnel

are not exposed to extreme heat of more than 20 °C above the ambient temperature, or direct contact

with surface temperatures exceeding 60 °C.
EXAMPLE 1 Double jacketing with an air space between jackets.
EXAMPLE 2 Expanded metal jacketing.
4.4 Corrosion

Incinerating systems shall be designed such that corrosion is minimized on the inside of the systems.

4.5 Liquid waste incineration

In systems equipped for incinerating liquid wastes, safe ignition and maintenance of combustion shall

be insured, e.g. by a supplementary burner using gas/diesel oil or equivalent.
4.6 Combustion chamber

The combustion chamber(s) shall be designed for easy maintenance of all the internal parts including

the refractory and insulation.
4.7 Combustion pressure

The pressure in the furnace under all circumstances shall be lower than the ambient pressure in the

space where the incinerator is installed to ensure that the combustion process takes place under

neg
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