Systems and software engineering -- Lifecycle profiles for Very Small Entities (VSEs)

1.1 Fields of application This document provides management and engineering guidance within the Intermediate profile for the Business Management, Project Management, System Definition and Realisation and Acquisition Management processes. This document is applicable to Very Small Entities (VSEs). VSEs are enterprises, organisations, departments or projects having up to 25 people. The lifecycle processes described in the ISO/IEC 29110 series are not intended to preclude or discourage their use by organisations bigger than VSEs. This document has been developed using the management and engineering guide from the systems engineering Basic profile. Elements were added or modified (e.g. process, task, work product, role) to support VSEs involved in the development of more than one project in parallel with more than one work team. This guide is oriented towards the management of more than one project in parallel with more than one work team. This document applies for the development of non-critical systems. Using this document, a VSE can obtain benefits in the following aspects: — An agreed set of project requirements (technical part of contract) and expected work products are agreed by the Acquirer. — A disciplined management process, that provides project visibility and corrective actions of project problems and deviations, is performed. — A systematic System Definition and Realisation process, that satisfies Acquirer needs and helps ensure quality work products, is followed. Once the system, developed by a VSE, has been accepted by their customers, the VSE that wants to provide after delivery services can refer to ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-3. In the context of systems engineering, that is the System Definition and Realisation (SR) process, the group that is part of the VSE responsible for developing software elements that are part of the system are encouraged to use the management and engineering guide of the software engineering Intermediate profile (ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-1-3). 1.2 Target audience This document is targeted at VSEs that do not develop critical systems and have little or no experience with systems engineering (SE) process planning and implementation using ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288. This document is also targeted to VSEs which are familiar with management and engineering guide of the systems engineering Basic profile (ISO/IEC TR 29110 5-6-2) for their system development projects and are involved in the development of more than one project in parallel with more than one work team. This document is intended to be used with any processes, techniques and methods that enhance the VSE's Stakeholder satisfaction and productivity.

Ingénierie des systèmes et du logiciel -- Profils de cycle de vie pour très petits organismes (TPO)

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Published
Publication Date
19-Sep-2019
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
29-Aug-2019
Completion Date
20-Sep-2019
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TECHNICAL ISO/IEC TR
REPORT 29110-5-6-3
First edition
2019-09
Systems and software engineering —
Lifecycle profiles for Very Small
Entities (VSEs) —
Part 5-6-3:
Systems engineering: Management
and engineering guide: Generic profile
group: Intermediate profile
Reference number
ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-6-3:2019(E)
ISO/IEC 2019
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ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-6-3:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-6-3:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

1.1 Fields of application ........................................................................................................................................................................... 1

1.2 Target audience ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Conventions and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.1 Naming, diagramming and definition conventions ................................................................................................. 4

4.2 Notation used to document new processes, additions and modifications to the

Basic profile processes ..................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.3 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5 Systems Thinking ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

6 Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7 Business Management (BM) process ............................................................................................................................................10

7.1 BM purpose .............................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.2 BM objectives ........................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.3 BM input work products ..............................................................................................................................................................11

7.4 BM output work products ..........................................................................................................................................................11

7.5 BM internal work products .......................................................................................................................................................11

7.6 BM roles involved ..............................................................................................................................................................................12

7.7 BM process description ................................................................................................................................................................12

7.7.1 BM diagram .......................................................................................................................................................................12

7.7.2 BM activities .....................................................................................................................................................................13

7.7.3 BM incorporation to the Organisational Repository ......................................................................18

8 Project Management (PM) process ................................................................................................................................................19

8.1 PM purpose .............................................................................................................................................................................................19

8.2 PM objectives .........................................................................................................................................................................................19

8.3 PM input work products ..............................................................................................................................................................20

8.4 PM output work products ..........................................................................................................................................................20

8.5 PM internal work products .......................................................................................................................................................20

8.6 PM roles involved ...............................................................................................................................................................................21

8.7 PM diagram .............................................................................................................................................................................................21

8.8 PM activities ...........................................................................................................................................................................................22

8.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................22

8.8.2 PM incorporation to Project Repository ...................................................................................................31

9 System Definition and Realisation (SR) process ..............................................................................................................31

9.1 SR purpose ...............................................................................................................................................................................................31

9.2 SR objectives ..........................................................................................................................................................................................31

9.3 SR input work products ................................................................................................................................................................32

9.4 SR output work products ............................................................................................................................................................32

9.5 SR internal work products .........................................................................................................................................................32

9.6 SR roles involved ................................................................................................................................................................................33

9.7 SR diagram ...............................................................................................................................................................................................33

9.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................33

9.7.2 SR activities .......................................................................................................................................................................34

9.7.3 SR incorporation to the Project Repository ...........................................................................................46

10 Acquisition Management process (AM) .....................................................................................................................................47

10.1 AM purpose .............................................................................................................................................................................................47

10.2 AM objective ...........................................................................................................................................................................................47

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ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-6-3:2019(E)

10.3 AM input work products ..............................................................................................................................................................47

10.4 AM output work products ..........................................................................................................................................................47

10.5 AM internal work products .......................................................................................................................................................48

10.6 AM roles involved ..............................................................................................................................................................................48

10.7 AM diagrams ..........................................................................................................................................................................................48

10.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................48

10.7.2 AM incorporation to the Project Repository .......................................................................................51

11 Roles ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................51

12 Work product description .......................................................................................................................................................................53

13 System tools requirements .....................................................................................................................................................................79

13.1 System tools requirements overview ...............................................................................................................................79

13.2 Project Management process ..................................................................................................................................................79

13.3 System Definition and Realisation process .................................................................................................................80

Annex A (informative) Systems engineering deployment packages ................................................................................81

Annex B (informative) Mapping between the objectives of this document and

ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 and ISO 9001 .................................................................................................................................................83

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................92

iv © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-6-3:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that

are members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through

technical committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of

technical activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other

international organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also

take part in the work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents) or the IEC

list of patent declarations received (see http: //patents .iec .ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 7 Software and systems engineering.
A list of all parts in the ISO 29110 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved v
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ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-6-3:2019(E)
Introduction

Very Small Entities (VSEs) around the world are contributing to valuable products and services. For

the purpose of ISO/IEC 29110 (all parts), a Very Small Entity (VSE) is an enterprise, an organisation,

a department or a project having up to 25 people. Since many VSEs develop and/or maintain system

elements and software components used in systems, or sold to be used by others, a recognition of VSEs

as suppliers of high-quality products is required.

According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) SME and

Entrepreneurship Outlook report (2005) ‘Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) constitute the

dominant form of business organisation in all countries world-wide, accounting for over 95 % and up

to 99 % of the business population depending on country’. The challenge facing OECD governments

is to provide a business environment that supports the competitiveness of this large heterogeneous

business population and that promotes a vibrant entrepreneurial culture.

From studies and surveys conducted, it is clear that the majority of International Standards do not

address the needs of VSEs. Implementation of and conformance with these standards is difficult, if not

impossible. Subsequently VSEs have no, or very limited, ways to be recognized as entities that produce

quality systems/system elements including software in their domain. Therefore, VSEs are often cut off

from some economic activities.

It has been found that VSEs find it difficult to relate International Standards to their business needs

and to justify the application of standards to their business practices. Most VSEs can neither afford the

resources, in terms of number of employees, expertise, budget and time, nor do they see a net benefit

in establishing systems or software lifecycle processes. To rectify some of these difficulties, a set of

guides has been developed according to a set of VSE characteristics. The guides are based on subsets of

appropriate standards processes, activities, tasks, and outcomes, referred to as profiles. The purpose

of a profile is to define a subset of International Standards relevant to the VSEs’ context; for example,

processes, activities, tasks, and outcomes of ISO/IEC/IEEE 12207 for software; and processes, activities,

tasks, and outcomes of ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 for systems; and information products (documentation) of

ISO/IEC/IEEE 15289 for software and systems.

VSEs can achieve recognition through implementing a profile and by being audited against

ISO/IEC 29110 (all parts) specifications.

The ISO/IEC 29110 series of standards and technical reports can be applied at any phase of system or

software development within a lifecycle. This series is intended to be used by VSEs that do not have

experience or expertise in adapting/tailoring ISO/IEC/IEEE 12207 or ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 standards

to the needs of a specific project. VSEs that have expertise in adapting/tailoring ISO/IEC/IEEE 12207 or

ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 are encouraged to use those standards instead of ISO/IEC 29110 (all parts).

ISO/IEC 29110 (all parts) is intended to be used with any lifecycles such as: waterfall, iterative,

incremental, evolutionary or agile.

Systems, in the context of the ISO/IEC 29110 series, are typically composed of hardware and software

components.

The ISO/IEC 29110 series, targeted by audience, has been developed to improve system or software

and/or service quality, and process performance. See Table 1.
Table 1 — ISO/IEC 29110 (all parts) target audience
The ISO/IEC 29110 Title Target audience
series
ISO/IEC 29110-1 Overview VSEs and their customers, assessors, standards pro-
ducers, tool vendors and methodology vendors.
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ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-6-3:2019(E)
Table 1 (continued)
The ISO/IEC 29110 Title Target audience
series

ISO/IEC 29110-2 Framework for profile Profile producers, tool vendors and methodology

preparation vendors.
Not intended for VSEs.

ISO/IEC 29110-3 Certification and assessment VSEs and their customers, assessors, accredita-

guidance tion bodies.

ISO/IEC 29110-4 Profile specifications VSEs, customers, standards producers, tool vendors

and methodology vendors.
ISO/IEC 29110-5 Management, engineering and VSEs and their customers.
service delivery guidelines

ISO/IEC 29110-6 Profile specifications VSEs, customers, standards producers, tool vendors

and methodology vendors.
ISO/IEC 29110-7 Specific profile guidelines VSEs and their customers.

If a new profile is needed, ISO/IEC 29110-4 or ISO/IEC 29110-6 and or ISO/IEC TR 29110-7

ISO/IEC TR 29110-5 can be developed with minimal impact to existing documents.

ISO/IEC TR 29110-1 defines the terms common to the Set of ISO/IEC 29110 Documents. It introduces

processes, lifecycle and standardization concepts, the taxonomy (catalogue) of ISO/IEC 29110 profiles

and the ISO/IEC 29110 series. It also introduces the characteristics and needs of a VSE, and clarifies the

rationale for specific profiles, documents, standards and guides.

ISO/IEC 29110-2-m introduces the concepts for systems and software engineering profiles for VSEs.

It establishes the logic behind the definition and application of profiles. For standardized profiles, it

specifies the elements common to all profiles (structure, requirements, conformance, assessment). For

domain-specific profiles (profiles that are not standardized and developed outside of the ISO process),

it provides general guidance adapted from the definition of standardized profiles.

ISO/IEC 29110-3-m defines certification schemes, assessment guidelines and compliance requirements

for process capability assessment, conformity assessments, and self-assessments for process

improvements. ISO/IEC 29110-3-m also contains information that can be useful to developers

of certification and assessment methods and developers of certification and assessment tools.

ISO/IEC 29110-3-m is addressed to people who have direct involvement with the assessment process,

e.g. the auditor, certification and accreditation bodies and the sponsor of the audit, who need guidance

on ensuring that the requirements for performing an audit have been met.

ISO/IEC 29110-4-m provides the specification for all profiles in one profile group that are based on

subsets of appropriate standards elements.

ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-m-n provides a management and engineering guide for each profile in one

profile group.

ISO/IEC 29110-6-m provides the specification for specific profiles that are based on subsets of

appropriate standards elements.

ISO/IEC TR 29110-7-m provides a guide for each profile in the specific profile group.

This document provides a management and engineering guide for the systems engineering Intermediate

profile of the generic profile group. This guide is oriented towards the management of more than one

project in parallel with more than one work team.

Figure 1 describes the ISO/IEC 29110 International Standards (IS) and Technical Reports (TR) and

positions the parts within the framework of reference. Overview, assessment guide, management and

engineering guide are available from ISO as Technical Reports (TR). The Framework document, profile

specifications and certification schemes are published as International Standards (IS).

© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved vii
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ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-6-3:2019(E)
Figure 1 — The ISO/IEC 29110 Series
viii © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-6-3:2019(E)
Systems and software engineering — Lifecycle profiles for
Very Small Entities (VSEs) —
Part 5-6-3:
Systems engineering: Management and engineering guide:
Generic profile group: Intermediate profile
1 Scope
1.1 Fields of application

This document provides management and engineering guidance within the Intermediate profile for

the Business Management, Project Management, System Definition and Realisation and Acquisition

Management processes.

This document is applicable to Very Small Entities (VSEs). VSEs are enterprises, organisations, departments

or projects having up to 25 people. The lifecycle processes described in the ISO/IEC 29110 series are not

intended to preclude or discourage their use by organisations bigger than VSEs.

This document has been developed using the management and engineering guide from the systems

engineering Basic profile. Elements were added or modified (e.g. process, task, work product, role) to

support VSEs involved in the development of more than one project in parallel with more than one

work team.

This guide is oriented towards the management of more than one project in parallel with more than

one work team.
This document applies for the development of non-critical systems.
Using this document, a VSE can obtain benefits in the following aspects:

— An agreed set of project requirements (technical part of contract) and expected work products are

agreed by the Acquirer.

— A disciplined management process, that provides project visibility and corrective actions of project

problems and deviations, is performed.

— A systematic System Definition and Realisation process, that satisfies Acquirer needs and helps

ensure quality work products, is followed.

Once the system, developed by a VSE, has been accepted by their customers, the VSE that wants to

provide after delivery services can refer to ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-3.

In the context of systems engineering, that is the System Definition and Realisation (SR) process, the

group that is part of the VSE responsible for developing software elements that are part of the system

are encouraged to use the management and engineering guide of the software engineering Intermediate

profile (ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-1-3).
1.2 Target audience

This document is targeted at VSEs that do not develop critical systems and have little or no experience

with systems engineering (SE) process planning and implementation using ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288.

© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-6-3:2019(E)

This document is also targeted to VSEs which are familiar with management and engineering guide of

the systems engineering Basic profile (ISO/IEC TR 29110 5-6-2) for their system development projects

and are involved in the development of more than one project in parallel with more than one work team.

This document is intended to be used with any processes, techniques and methods that enhance the

VSE’s Stakeholder satisfaction and productivity.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 29110-2-1, Software engineering — Lifecycle profiles for Very Small Entities (VSEs) — Part 2-1:

Framework and taxonomy
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 29110-2-1 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
agreement

mutual acknowledgement of terms and conditions under which a working relationship is conducted

EXAMPLE Contract, memorandum of agreement.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288:2015, 4.1.4]
3.2
acquirer
stakeholder that acquires or procures a product or service from a supplier

Note 1 to entry: Other terms commonly used for an acquirer are buyer, customer, owner, purchaser or internal/

organizational sponsor.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288:2015, 4.1.1]
3.3
critical system

items (e.g. functions, parts, software, characteristics, processes) having significant effect on the product

realization and use of the product, including safety, performance, form, fit, function, producibility,

service life, etc., that require specific actions to help ensure they are adequately managed

Note 1 to entry: Examples of critical items include safety critical items, fracture critical items, mission critical

items, key characteristics, etc.
Note 2 to entry: This definition is adapted from (AS/EN/JIS Q) 9100:2009.
3.4
conditional process

process that may be mandatory under some specified conditions, may be optional under other specified

conditions, and may be out of scope or not applicable under other specified conditions

Note 1 to entry: These are to be observed if the specified conditions apply.
2 © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-6-3:2019(E)
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC TR 29110-5-1-3:2017, 3.3]
3.5
disposed system

system (3.10) that has been transformed (i.e. state change) by applying the disposal process

Note 1 to entry: A systems approach considers the total system and the total lifecycle of the system. This includes

all aspects of the system and the system throughout its life until the day u
...

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