Information technology — Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information — Part 1: Systems

This document specifies the system layer of the coding. It was developed principally to support the combination of the video and audio coding methods defined in Parts 2 and 3 of ISO/IEC 13818. The system layer supports six basic functions: 1) the synchronization of multiple compressed streams on decoding; 2) the interleaving of multiple compressed streams into a single stream; 3) the initialization of buffering for decoding start up; 4) continuous buffer management; 5) time identification; 6) multiplexing and signalling of various components in a system stream. A Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream is either a transport stream or a program stream. Both streams are constructed from PES packets and packets containing other necessary information. Both stream types support multiplexing of video and audio compressed streams from one program with a common time base. The transport stream additionally supports the multiplexing of video and audio compressed streams from multiple programs with independenttime bases. For almost error-free environments the program stream is generally more appropriate, supporting software processing of program information. The transport stream is more suitable for use in environments where errors are likely. A Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream, whether a transport stream or a program stream, is constructed in two layers: the outermost layer is the system layer, and the innermost is the compression layer. The system layer provides the functions necessary for using one or more compressed data streams in a system. The video and audio parts of this Specification define the compression coding layer for audio and video data. Coding of other types of data is not defined by this Specification, but is supported by the system layer provided that the other types of data adhere to the constraints defined in 2.7.

Technologies de l'information — Codage générique des images animées et du son associé — Partie 1: Systèmes

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Publication Date
29-Sep-2022
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Due Date
17-Dec-2022
Completion Date
30-Sep-2022
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 13818-1
Eighth edition
2022-09
Information technology — Generic
coding of moving pictures and
associated audio information —
Part 1:
Systems
Technologies de l'information — Codage générique des images
animées et du son associé —
Partie 1: Systèmes
Reference number
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2022(E)
© ISO/IEC 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity.

ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of document should be noted (see www.iso.org/directives or
www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details

of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents) or the IEC list of patent

declarations received (see https://patents.iec.ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the World

Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)

see www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html. In the IEC, see www.iec.ch/understanding-standards.

This document was prepared by ITU-T as Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (06/2021) and drafted in accordance with

its editorial rules, in collaboration with Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 29, Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information.

This eighth edition cancels and replaces the seventh edition (ISO/IEC 3818-1:2019), which has been

technically revised. It also incorporates the Amendment ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019/Amd 1:2020 and the

Technical Corrigendum ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019/Cor 1:2020.

A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC 13818 series can be found on the ISO and IEC websites.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html and www.iec.ch/national-

committees.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2022(E)
CONTENTS
Page

SECTION 1 – GENERAL .............................................................................................................................................. 1

1.1 Scope........................................................................................................................................................ 1

1.2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................ 1

SECTION 2 – TECHNICAL ELEMENTS ..................................................................................................................... 4

2.1 Definitions ................................................................................................................................................ 4

2.2 Symbols and abbreviations ..................................................................................................................... 12

2.3 Method of describing bit stream syntax................................................................................................... 14

2.4 Transport stream bitstream requirements ................................................................................................ 15

2.5 Program stream bitstream requirements .................................................................................................. 63

2.6 Program and program element descriptors .............................................................................................. 76

2.7 Restrictions on the multiplexed stream semantics ................................................................................. 157

2.8 Compatibility with ISO/IEC 11172 ....................................................................................................... 161

2.9 Registration of copyright identifiers ...................................................................................................... 161

2.10 Registration of private data format ........................................................................................................ 162

2.11 Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496 data ........................................................................................................... 162

2.12 Carriage of metadata ............................................................................................................................. 174

2.13 Carriage of ISO 15938 data .................................................................................................................. 182

2.14 Carriage of Rec. ITU-T H.264 | ISO/IEC 14496-10 video ..................................................................... 183

2.15 Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496-17 text streams .......................................................................................... 199

2.16 Carriage of auxiliary video streams ....................................................................................................... 200

2.17 Carriage of HEVC ................................................................................................................................ 201

2.18 Carriage of green access units ............................................................................................................... 215

2.19 Carriage of ISO/IEC 23008-3 MPEG-H 3D audio data ......................................................................... 217

2.20 Carriage of Quality Access Units in MPEG-2 sections .......................................................................... 219

2.21 Carriage of sample variants................................................................................................................... 220

2.22 Carriage of Media Orchestration Access Units ...................................................................................... 221

2.23 Carriage of VVC .................................................................................................................................. 221

2.24 Carriage of EVC ...................................................................................................................................... 226

Annex A CRC decoder model ................................................................................................................................... 230

A.1 CRC decoder model.............................................................................................................................. 230

Annex B Digital storage medium command and control (DSM-CC) .......................................................................... 231

B.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 231

B.2 General elements .................................................................................................................................. 232

B.3 Technical elements ............................................................................................................................... 234

Annex C Program-specific information ..................................................................................................................... 240

C.1 Explanation of program-specific information in transport streams......................................................... 240

C.2 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 240

C.3 Functional mechanism .......................................................................................................................... 240

C.4 The mapping of sections into transport stream packets .......................................................................... 241

C.5 Repetition rates and random access ....................................................................................................... 241

C.6 What is a program? ............................................................................................................................... 242

C.7 Allocation of program_number ............................................................................................................. 242

C.8 Usage of PSI in a typical system ........................................................................................................... 242

C.9 The relationships of PSI structures ........................................................................................................ 243

C.10 Bandwidth utilization and signal acquisition time ................................................................................. 245

Annex D Systems timing model and application implications of this Recommendation | International Standard ........ 248

D.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 248

Annex E Data transmission applications .................................................................................................................... 257

E.1 General considerations.......................................................................................................................... 257

E.2 Suggestion ............................................................................................................................................ 257

Annex F Graphics of syntax for this Recommendation | International Standard ......................................................... 258

F.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 258

iv Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (06/2021)
© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 13818-1:2022(E)

Annex G General information ................................................................................................................................... 262

G.1 General information .............................................................................................................................. 262

Annex H Private data................................................................................................................................................. 263

H.1 Private data ........................................................................................................................................... 263

Annex I Systems conformance and real-time interface ............................................................................................... 264

I.1 Systems conformance and real-time interface ....................................................................................... 264

Annex J Interfacing jitter-inducing networks to MPEG-2 decoders ............................................................................ 265

J.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 265

J.2 Network compliance models ................................................................................................................. 265

J.3 Network specification for jitter smoothing ............................................................................................ 266

J.4 Example decoder implementations........................................................................................................ 267

Annex K Splicing transport streams ........................................................................................................................... 268

K.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 268

K.2 The different types of splicing point ..................................................................................................... 268

K.3 Decoder behaviour on splices ............................................................................................................... 269

Annex L Registration procedure (see 2.9) .................................................................................................................. 271

L.1 Procedure for the request of a Registered Identifier (RID) .................................................................... 271

L.2 Responsibilities of the Registration Authority ....................................................................................... 271

L.3 Responsibilities of parties requesting an RID ........................................................................................ 271

L.4 Appeal procedure for denied applications ............................................................................................. 271

Annex M Registration application form (see 2.9) ....................................................................................................... 273

M.1 Contact information of organization requesting a Registered Identifier (RID) ....................................... 273

M.2 Statement of an intention to apply the assigned RID ............................................................................. 273

M.3 Date of intended implementation of the RID ......................................................................................... 273

M.4 Authorized representative ..................................................................................................................... 273

M.5 For official use only of the Registration Authority ................................................................................ 273

Annex N Registration Authority Diagram of administration structure (see 2.9) .......................................................... 274

Annex O Registration procedure (see 2.10)................................................................................................................ 275

O.1 Procedure for the request of an RID ...................................................................................................... 275

O.2 Responsibilities of the Registration Authority ....................................................................................... 275

O.3 Contact information for the Registration Authority ............................................................................... 275

O.4 Responsibilities of parties requesting an RID ........................................................................................ 275

O.5 Appeal procedure for denied applications ............................................................................................. 275

Annex P Registration application form ...................................................................................................................... 277

P.1 Contact information of organization requesting an RID ........................................................................ 277

P.2 Request for a specific RID .................................................................................................................... 277

P.3 Short description of RID that is in use and date system that was implemented ...................................... 277

P.4 Statement of an intention to apply the assigned RID ............................................................................. 277

P.5 Date of intended implementation of the RID ......................................................................................... 277

P.6 Authorized representative ..................................................................................................................... 277

P.7 For official use of the Registration Authority ........................................................................................ 277

Annex Q T-STD and P-STD buffer models for ISO/IEC 13818-7 ADTS ................................................................... 278

Q.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 278

Q.2 Leak rate from transport buffer ............................................................................................................. 278

Q.3 Buffer size ............................................................................................................................................ 278

Q.4 Conclusion ........................................................................................................................................... 279

Annex R Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496 scenes in Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 ........................................... 281

R.1 Content access procedure for ISO/IEC 14496 program components within a program stream ............... 281

R.2 Content access procedure for ISO/IEC 14496 program components within a transport stream .............. 282

Annex S Carriage of JPEG 2000 part 1 video over MPEG-2 transport streams .......................................................... 286

S.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 286

S.2 J2K video access unit, J2K video elementary stream, J2K video sequence and J2K still picture ............ 286

S.3 Optional J2K block mode for high resolution support ........................................................................... 286

Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (06/2021) v
© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 13818-1:2022(E)
Page

S.4 Optional J2K stripe mode for Ultra-Low Latency ................................................................................. 287

S.5 Elementary stream header (elsm) and mapping to PES packets ............................................................. 287

S.6 J2K transport constraints ...................................................................................................................... 290

S.7 Interpretation of flags in adaptation and PES headers for J2K video elementary streams ....................... 291

S.8 T-STD extension for J2K video elementary streams ............................................................................. 291

Annex T MIME type for MPEG-2 transport streams.................................................................................................. 294

T.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 294

T.2 MIME type and subtype ....................................................................................................................... 294

T.3 Security considerations ......................................................................................................................... 295

T.4 Parameters ............................................................................................................................................ 295

Annex U Carriage of timeline and external media information over MPEG-2 transport streams ................................ 297

U.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 297

U.2 TEMI access unit and TEMI elementary stream .................................................................................... 298

U.3 AF descriptors ...................................................................................................................................... 299

Annex V Transport of HEVC tiles ............................................................................................................................. 308

V.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 308

V.2 HEVC tile substream identification example......................................................................................... 309

V.3 Subregion layout example..................................................................................................................... 309

Annex W Carriage of JPEG XS part 1 video over MPEG-2 Transport Streams .......................................................... 311

W.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 311

W.2 JPEG XS video access unit, JPEG XS video elementary stream, JPEG XS video sequence and JPEG XS

still picture............................................................................................................................................ 311

W.3 Elementary stream header (jxes) and mapping to PES packets .............................................................. 311

W.4 JPEG XS transport constraints .............................................................................................................. 312

W.5 Interpretation of flags in adaptation field and PES packet for JPEG XS video elementary streams ........ 313

W.6 T-STD extension for JPEG XS video elementary streams ..................................................................... 313

vi Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (06/2021)
© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 13818-1:2022(E)
List of Tables
Page

Table 2-1 – Transport stream ........................................................................................................................................ 26

Table 2-2 – Transport packet of this Recommendation | International Standard ............................................................ 26

Table 2-3 – PID table ................................................................................................................................................... 27

Table 2-4 – Scrambling control values .......................................................................................................................... 27

Table 2-5 – Adaptation field control values .................................................................................................................. 28

Table 2-6 – Transport stream adaptation field ............................................................................................................... 28

Table 2-7 – Splice parameters Table 1 Simple Profile Main Level, Main Profile Main Level, SNR Profile Main Level

(both layers), Spatial Profile High-1440 Level (base layer), High Profile Main Level (middle + base layers), Multi-view

Profile Main Level (base layer) Video .......................................................................................................................... 35

Table 2-8 – Splice parameters Table 2 Main Profile Low Level, SNR Profile Low Level (both layers), High Profile

Main Level (base layer), Multi-view Profile Low Level (base layer) Video ................................................................. 36

Table 2-9 – Splice parameters Table 3 Main Profile High-1440 Level, Spatial Profile High-1440 Level (all layers), High

Profile High-1440 Level (middle + base layers), Multi-view Profile High-1440 Level (base layer) Video ................... 36

Table 2-10 – Splice parameters Table 4 Main Profile High Level, High Profile High-1440 Level (all layers), High

Profile High Level (middle + base layers), Multi-view Profile High Level (base layer) Video ..................................... 36

Table 2-11 – Splice parameters Table 5 SNR Profile Low Level (base layer) Video ..................................................... 36

Table 2-12 – Splice parameters Table 6 SNR Profile Main Level (base layer) Video .................................................... 37

Table 2-13 – Splice parameters Table 7 Spatial Profile High-1440 Level (middle + base layers) Video ........................ 37

Table 2-14 – Splice parameters Table 8 High Profile Main Level (all layers), High Profile High-1440 Level (base layer)

Video ........................................................................................................................................................................... 37

Table 2-15 – Splice parameters Table 9 High Profile High Level (base layer), Multi-view Profile Main Level (both

layers) Video ................................................................................................................................................................ 37

Table 2-16 – Splice parameters Table 10 High Profile High Level (all layers), Multi-view Profile High-1440 Level (both

layers) Video ................................................................................................................................................................ 38

Table 2-17 – Splice parameters Table 11 4:2:2 Profile Main Level Video ..................................................................... 38

Table 2-18 – Splice parameters Table 12 Multi-view Profile Low Level (both layers) Video ........................................ 38

Table 2-19 – Splice parameters Table 13 Multi-view Profile High Level (both layers) Video ....................................... 38

Table 2-20 – Splice parameters Table 14 4:2:2 Profile High Level Video ..................................................................... 39

Table 2-21 – PES packet .............................................................................................................................................. 39

Table 2-22 – Stream_id assignments............................................................................................................................. 42

Table 2-23 – PES scrambling control values ................................................................................................................. 43

Table 2-24 – Trick mode control values ........................................................................................................................ 48

Table 2-25 – Field_id field control values ..................................................................................................................... 49

Table 2-26 – Coefficient selection values ..................................................................................................................... 49

Table 2-27 – Stream_id_extension assignments ............................................................................................................ 51

Table 2-28 – Program-specific information .................................................................................................................. 52

Table 2-29 – Program-specific information pointer ....................................................................................................... 54

Table 2-30 – Program association section ..................................................................................................................... 54

Table 2-31 – table_id assignment values ....................................................................................................................... 55

Table 2-32 – Conditional access section ....................................................................................................................... 56

Table 2-33 – Transport stream program map section ....
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
DRAFT
STANDARD FDIS
13818-1
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29
Information technology — Generic
Secretariat: JISC
coding of moving pictures and
Voting begins on:
2021-07-26 associated audio information —
Voting terminates on:
Part 1:
2021-09-20
Systems
Technologies de l'information — Codage générique des images
animées et du son associé —
Partie 1: Systèmes
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/IEC FDIS 13818-1:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO/IEC 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 13818-1:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 13818-1:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity.

ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of document should be noted (see www.iso.org/directives or
www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details

of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents) or the IEC list of patent

declarations received (see patents.iec.ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the World

Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)

see www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html. In the IEC, see www.iec.ch/understanding-standards.

This document was prepared by ITU-T as Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2018) and drafted in accordance with

its editorial rules, in collaboration with Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 29, Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information.

This eighth edition cancels and replaces the seventh edition (ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019), which has been

technically revised. It also incorporates ISO/IEC 13818-1:2019/Amd 1:2020.

A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC 13818 series can be found on the ISO and IEC websites.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html and www.iec.ch/national-

committees.
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 13818-1:2021(E)
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 13818-1
RECOMMENDATION ITU-T H.222.0
Information technology – Generic coding of moving pictures and associated
audio information: Systems
Summary

This Recommendation | International Standard specifies the system layer of the coding. It was developed in 1994 to

principally support the combination and synchronization of video and audio coding methods defined in ISO/IEC 13818

Part 2 (ITU-T H.262) and Part 3. Since 1994, this standard has been extended to support additional video coding

specifications (e.g., ISO/IEC 14496-2, ITU-T H.264 | ISO/IEC 14496-10, ITU-T H.265 | ISO/IEC 23008-2 and

ITU-T T.800 | ISO/IEC 15444-1 Annex M JPEG 2000 video), audio coding specifications (e.g., ISO/IEC 13818-7 and

ISO/IEC 14496-3), system streams (e.g., ISO/IEC 14496-1 and ISO/IEC 15938-1), ISO/IEC 23009-1 dynamic adaptive

streaming over HTTP (DASH), ISO/IEC 13818-11 intellectual property management and protection (IPMP) as well as

generic metadata. The system layer supports six basic functions:
1) the synchronization of multiple compressed streams on decoding;
2) the interleaving of multiple compressed streams into a single stream;
3) the initialization of buffering for decoding start up;
4) continuous buffer management;
5) time identification; and
6) multiplexing and signalling of various components in a system stream.

Recommendation ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream is either a transport stream or a program

stream. Both streams are constructed from packetized elementary stream (PES) packets and packets containing other

necessary information. Both stream types support multiplexing of video and audio compressed streams from one program

with a common time base. The transport stream additionally supports the multiplexing of video and audio compressed

streams from multiple programs with independent time bases. For almost error-free environments the program stream is

generally more appropriate, supporting software processing of program information. The transport stream is more suitable

for use in environments where errors are likely.

Recommendation ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 multiplexed bit stream, whether a transport stream or a program

stream, is constructed in two layers: the outermost layer is the system layer, and the innermost is the compression layer.

The system layer provides the functions necessary for using one or more compressed data streams in a system. The video

and audio parts of this Specification define the compression coding layer for audio and video data. Coding of other types

of data is not defined by this Recommendation | International Standard, but is supported by the system layer provided that

the other types of data adhere to the constraints defined in this Recommendation | International Standard.

History
Edition Recommendation Approval Study Group Unique ID
1.0 ITU-T H.222.0 1995-07-10 15 11.1002/1000/1071
1.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 1 1996-11-11 16 11.1002/1000/3834
1.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 2 1996-11-11 16 11.1002/1000/4096
1.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Technical Cor. 1 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4532
1.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 3 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4228
1.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 4 1998-02-06 16 11.1002/1000/4229
1.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 5 1999-05-27 16 11.1002/1000/4498
1.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (1995) Amd. 6 1999-05-27 16 11.1002/1000/4671
2.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2000-02-17 16 11.1002/1000/5142
2.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 1 2001-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/5419
2.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 2 2002-03-29 16 11.1002/1000/5675
2.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 1 2002-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/6190
____________________

To access the Recommendation, type the URL http://handle.itu.int/ in the address field of your web browser, followed by the

Recommendation's unique ID. For example, http://handle.itu.int/11.1002/1000/11830-en.

ii Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2021) © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 13818-1:2021(E)
2.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 1/Cor. 1 2003-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/6449
2.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 2 2003-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/6363
2.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 3 2004-03-15 16 11.1002/1000/7208
2.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 3 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7435
2.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 4 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7436
2.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Amd. 5 2005-01-08 16 11.1002/1000/7437
2.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2000) Technical Cor. 4 2005-09-13 16 11.1002/1000/8560
3.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2006-05-29 16 11.1002/1000/8802
3.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 1 2007-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/9024
3.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 2 2007-08-29 16 11.1002/1000/9214
3.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 1 2008-06-13 16 11.1002/1000/9471
3.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 2 2009-03-16 16 11.1002/1000/9692
3.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 3 2009-03-16 16 11.1002/1000/9691
3.6 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 3 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10621
3.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Cor. 4 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10622
3.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 4 2009-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/10623
3.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 5 2011-05-14 16 11.1002/1000/11287
3.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2006) Amd. 6 2011-05-14 16 11.1002/1000/11288
4.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2012-06-29 16 11.1002/1000/11655
4.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 1 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12054
4.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 2 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12055
4.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 3 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12056
4.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 4 2014-01-13 16 11.1002/1000/12057
4.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2012) Amd. 5 2014-10-14 16 11.1002/1000/12306
5.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2014-10-14 16 11.1002/1000/12359
5.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 2015-04-29 16 11.1002/1000/12452
5.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 Cor. 1 2015-11-29 16 11.1002/1000/12625
5.3 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 2 2015-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/12632
5.4 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 3 2015-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/12633
5.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 1 Cor. 2 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12899
5.5 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Cor. 1 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12903
5.7 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 4 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12900
5.8 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 5 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12901
5.9 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 6 2016-07-14 16 11.1002/1000/12902
5.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 3 Cor. 1 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13184
5.10 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Cor. 2 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13188
5.12 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 7 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13186
5.13 ITU-T H.222.0 (2014) Amd. 8 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13187
6.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2017-03-01 16 11.1002/1000/13269
6.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2017) Amd. 1 2017-12-14 16 11.1002/1000/13431
7.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2018-08-29 16 11.1002/1000/13664
7.1 ITU-T H.222.0 (2018) Amd. 1 2019-11-29 16 11.1002/1000/14105
7.2 ITU-T H.222.0 (2018) Cor. 1 2019-11-29 16 11.1002/1000/14106
8.0 ITU-T H.222.0 2021-xx-xx 16
Keywords

Audiovisual content, multimedia multiplexing, MPEG-2 system, multiplexed bit stream, program stream, transport stream.

© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2021) iii
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ISO/IEC FDIS 13818-1:2021(E)
FOREWORD

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the United Nations specialized agency in the field of

telecommunications, information and communication technologies (ICTs). The ITU Telecommunication

Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is a permanent organ of ITU. ITU-T is responsible for studying technical,

operating and tariff questions and issuing Recommendations on them with a view to standardizing

telecommunications on a worldwide basis.

The World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA), which meets every four years, establishes

the topics for study by the ITU-T study groups which, in turn, produce Recommendations on these topics.

The approval of ITU-T Recommendations is covered by the procedure laid down in WTSA Resolution 1.

In some areas of information technology which fall within ITU-T's purview, the necessary standards are

prepared on a collaborative basis with ISO and IEC.
NOTE

In this Recommendation, the expression "Administration" is used for conciseness to indicate both a

telecommunication administration and a recognized operating agency.

Compliance with this Recommendation is voluntary. However, the Recommendation may contain certain

mandatory provisions (to ensure, e.g., interoperability or applicability) and compliance with the

Recommendation is achieved when all of these mandatory provisions are met. The words "shall" or some other

obligatory language such as "must" and the negative equivalents are used to express requirements. The use of

such words does not suggest that compliance with the Recommendation is required of any party.

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

ITU draws attention to the possibility that the practice or implementation of this Recommendation may involve

the use of a claimed Intellectual Property Right. ITU takes no position concerning the evidence, validity or

applicability of claimed Intellectual Property Rights, whether asserted by ITU members or others outside of

the Recommendation development process.

As of the date of approval of this Recommendation, ITU had received notice of intellectual property, protected

by patents, which may be required to implement this Recommendation. However, implementers are cautioned

that this may not represent the latest information and are therefore strongly urged to consult the TSB patent

database at http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/ipr/.
 ITU 2019

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, by any means whatsoever, without the prior

written permission of ITU.
iv Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2021) © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC FDIS 13818-1:2021(E)
Table of Contents
Page

SECTION 1 – GENERAL .................................................................................................................................................. 1

1.1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................................ 1

1.2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................... 1

SECTION 2 – TECHNICAL ELEMENTS ........................................................................................................................ 4

2.1 Definitions .................................................................................................................................................... 4

2.2 Symbols and abbreviations ......................................................................................................................... 12

2.3 Method of describing bit stream syntax ..................................................................................................... 14

2.4 Transport stream bitstream requirements ................................................................................................... 15

2.5 Program stream bitstream requirements ..................................................................................................... 62

2.6 Program and program element descriptors ................................................................................................. 76

2.7 Restrictions on the multiplexed stream semantics .................................................................................... 155

2.8 Compatibility with ISO/IEC 11172 .......................................................................................................... 160

2.9 Registration of copyright identifiers ......................................................................................................... 160

2.10 Registration of private data format ........................................................................................................... 160

2.11 Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496 data .............................................................................................................. 161

2.12 Carriage of metadata ................................................................................................................................ 172

2.13 Carriage of ISO 15938 data ...................................................................................................................... 180

2.14 Carriage of Rec. ITU-T H.264 | ISO/IEC 14496-10 video ....................................................................... 180

2.15 Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496-17 text streams ............................................................................................ 197

2.16 Carriage of auxiliary video streams .......................................................................................................... 198

2.17 Carriage of HEVC .................................................................................................................................... 198

2.18 Carriage of green access units .................................................................................................................. 213

2.19 Carriage of ISO/IEC 23008-3 MPEG-H 3D audio data ........................................................................... 215

2.20 Carriage of Quality Access Units in MPEG-2 sections ............................................................................ 217

2.21 Carriage of sample variants ...................................................................................................................... 218

2.22 Carriage of Media Orchestration Access Units ........................................................................................ 218

2.23 Carriage of VVC.......................................................................................................................................... 219

2.24 Carriage of EVC .......................................................................................................................................... 224

Annex A CRC decoder model ....................................................................................................................................... 228

A.1 CRC decoder model ................................................................................................................................. 228

Annex B Digital storage medium command and control (DSM-CC) ............................................................................ 229

B.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 229

B.2 General elements ...................................................................................................................................... 230

B.3 Technical elements ................................................................................................................................... 232

Annex C Program-specific information ......................................................................................................................... 238

C.1 Explanation of program-specific information in transport streams .......................................................... 238

C.2 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 238

C.3 Functional mechanism ............................................................................................................................. 238

C.4 The mapping of sections into transport stream packets ............................................................................ 239

C.5 Repetition rates and random access.......................................................................................................... 239

C.6 What is a program? .................................................................................................................................. 240

C.7 Allocation of program_number ................................................................................................................ 240

C.8 Usage of PSI in a typical system .............................................................................................................. 240

C.9 The relationships of PSI structures ........................................................................................................... 241

C.10 Bandwidth utilization and signal acquisition time ................................................................................... 243

Annex D Systems timing model and application implications of this Recommendation | International Standard ........ 246

D.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 246

Annex E Data transmission applications ....................................................................................................................... 255

E.1 General considerations ............................................................................................................................. 255

E.2 Suggestion ................................................................................................................................................ 255

© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 (08/2021) v
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ISO/IEC FDIS 13818-1:2021(E)

Annex F Graphics of syntax for this Recommendation | International Standard ........................................................... 256

F.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 256

Annex G General information ....................................................................................................................................... 260

G.1 General information ................................................................................................................................. 260

Annex H Private data ..................................................................................................................................................... 261

H.1 Private data ............................................................................................................................................... 261

Annex I Systems conformance and real-time interface ................................................................................................. 262

I.1 Systems conformance and real-time interface .......................................................................................... 262

Annex J Interfacing jitter-inducing networks to MPEG-2 decoders .............................................................................. 263

J.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 263

J.2 Network compliance models .................................................................................................................... 263

J.3 Network specification for jitter smoothing............................................................................................... 264

J.4 Example decoder implementations .......................................................................................................... 265

Annex K Splicing transport streams .............................................................................................................................. 266

K.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 266

K.2 The different types of splicing point ........................................................................................................ 266

K.3 Decoder behaviour on splices .................................................................................................................. 267

Annex L Registration procedure (see 2.9) ..................................................................................................................... 269

L.1 Procedure for the request of a Registered Identifier (RID) ...................................................................... 269

L.2 Responsibilities of the Registration Authority ......................................................................................... 269

L.3 Responsibilities of parties requesting an RID .......................................................................................... 269

L.4 Appeal procedure for denied applications ................................................................................................ 270

Annex M Registration application form (see 2.9) .......................................................................................................... 271

M.1 Contact information of organization requesting a Registered Identifier (RID) ........................................ 271

M.2 Statement of an intention to apply the assigned RID ............................................................................... 271

M.3 Date of intended implementation of the RID ........................................................................................... 271

M.4 Authorized representative ........................................................................................................................ 271

M.5 For official use only of the Registration Authority .................................................................................. 271

Annex N Registration Authority Diagram of administration structure (see 2.9) ........................................................... 272

Annex O Registration procedure (see 2.10) ................................................................................................................... 273

O.1 Procedure for the request of an RID ......................................................................................................... 273

O.2 Responsibilities of the Registration Authority ......................................................................................... 273

O.3 Contact information for the Registration Authority ................................................................................. 273

O.4 Responsibilities of parties requesting an RID .......................................................................................... 273

O.5 Appeal procedure for denied applications ................................................................................................ 273

Annex P Registration application form.......................................................................................................................... 275

P.1 Contact information of organization requesting an RID .......................................................................... 275

P.2 Request for a specific RID ....................................................................................................................... 275

P.3 Short description of RID that is in use and date system that was implemented ....................................... 275

P.4 Statement of an intention to apply the assigned RID ............................................................................... 275

P.5 Date of intended implementation of the RID ........................................................................................... 275

P.6 Authorized representative ........................................................................................................................ 275

P.7 For official use of the Registration Authority .......................................................................................... 275

Annex Q T-STD and P-STD buffer models for ISO/IEC 13818-7 ADTS .................................................................... 276

Q.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 276

Q.2 Leak rate from transport buffer ................................................................................................................ 276

Q.3 Buffer size ................................................................................................................................................ 276

Q.4 Conclusion ............................................................................................................................................... 277

Annex R Carriage of ISO/IEC 14496 scenes in Rec. ITU-T H.222.0 | ISO/IEC 13818-1 ............................................ 279

R.1 Content access procedure for ISO/IEC 14496 program components within a program stream ............... 279

...

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