Systems and software engineering — Life cycle management — Part 7000: Standard model process for addressing ethical concerns during system design

The standard establishes a set of processes by which engineers and technologists can include consideration of ethical values throughout the stages of concept exploration and development, which encompass system initiation, analysis, and design. This standard provides engineers and technologists with an implementable process aligning innovation management processes, system design approaches, and software engineering methods to help address ethical concerns or risks during system design. IEEE Std 7000™ does not give specific guidance on the design of algorithms to apply ethical values such as fairness and privacy.

Ingénierie des systèmes et du logiciel — Gestion du cycle de vie — Partie 7000: Titre manque

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Status
Published
Publication Date
15-Nov-2022
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Due Date
30-Mar-2024
Completion Date
16-Nov-2022
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/
STANDARD IEC/IEEE
24748-7000
First edition
2022-11
Systems and software engineering —
Life cycle management —
Part 7000:
Standard model process for
addressing ethical concerns during
system design
Reference number
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
© IEEE 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© IEEE 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from IEEE at the address below.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc
3 Park Avenue, New York
NY 10016-5997, USA
Email: stds.ipr@ieee.org
Website: www.ieee.org
Published in Switzerland
© IEEE 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity.

ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO/IEC documents should be noted (see www.iso.org/directives or

www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs).

IEEE Standards documents are developed within the IEEE Societies and the Standards Coordinating

Committees of the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board. The IEEE develops its

standards through a consensus development process, approved by the American National Standards

Institute, which brings together volunteers representing varied viewpoints and interests to achieve the

final product. Volunteers are not necessarily members of the Institute and serve without compensation.

While the IEEE administers the process and establishes rules to promote fairness in the consensus

development process, the IEEE does not independently evaluate, test, or verify the accuracy of any of the

information contained in its standards.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details

of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents) or the IEC list of patent

declarations received (see https://patents.iec.ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

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For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the World

Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT),

see www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html. In the IEC, see www.iec.ch/understanding-standards.

ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000 was prepared by the Systems and Software Engineering Standards

Committee of the IEEE Computer Society (as IEEE 7000-2021) and drafted in accordance with its

editorial rules. It was adopted, under the “fast-track procedure” defined in the Partner Standards

Development Organization cooperation agreement between ISO and IEEE, by Joint Technical Committee

ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology, Subcommittee SC 7, Software and systems engineering.

A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748 series can be found on the ISO and IEC websites.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html and www.iec.ch/national-

committees.
© IEEE 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
IEEE Std 7000™-2021
IEEE Standard Model Process
for Addressing Ethical Concerns
during System Design
Developed by the
Systems and Software Engineering Standards Committee
of the
IEEE Computer Society
Approved 16 June 2021
IEEE SA Standards Board
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)

Abstract: A set of processes by which organizations can include consideration of ethical values

throughout the stages of concept exploration and development is established by this standard.

Management and engineering in transparent communication with selected stakeholders for ethical

values elicitation and prioritization is supported by this standard, involving traceability of ethical

values through an operational concept, value propositions, and value dispositions in the system

design. Processes that provide for traceability of ethical values in the concept of operations, ethical

requirements, and ethical risk-based design are described in the standard. All sizes and types of

organizations using their own life cycle models are relevant to this standard.

Keywords: case for ethics, concept of operations, ethical value requirements, ethical values

elicitation, ethically aligned design, IEEE 7000™, software engineering, system engineering, value-

based requirements, value prioritization
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
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Copyright © 2021 by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

All rights reserved. Published 15 September 2021. Printed in the United States of America.

IEEE is a registered trademark in the U.S. Patent & Trademark Offi ce, owned by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers,

Incorporated.
PDF: ISBN 978-1-5044-7687-4 STD24787
Print: ISBN 978-1-5044-7688-1 STDPD24787
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of the publisher.
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
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Copyright © 2021 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
Participants

At the time this IEEE standard was completed, the Model Process for Addressing Ethical Concerns during

System Design Working Group had the following membership:
Ali Hessami, Chair
Sarah Spiekermann, Vice Chair
Zvikomborero Murahwi, Secretary
Annette Reilly, Technical Editor
Victoria Hailey Sridhar Raghavan
Lee Barford
James Beetem Ali Hossaini Randy Rannow
Jared Bielby Valery Karpov Dina Salah
Barbara Bohr Edmund Kienast Chris Santos-Lang
Noah Brodbeck Vlada Leushina Robert Schaaf
Jennifer Costley Ruth Lewis Sam Sciacca
Brandt Dainow Gerri Light Giuseppe Spampinato
Feyzan Dalay Carol Long Ozlem Ulgen
Colleen Dorsey Emile Mardacany Mark Underwood
Andrey Fajardo Jacob Metcalf Altaz Valani
Tony Gillespie Rod Muttram Michelle Victor
Lewis Gray Alexander Novotny Gisele Waters
Beiyuan Guo Freddy Pirajan Till Winkler
The IEEE 7000 Working Group acknowledges the contributions of John C. Havens.

The following members of the individual Standards Association balloting group voted on this standard.

Balloters may have voted for approval, disapproval, or abstention.
M.Victoria Alonso Ali Hessami Annette Reilly
Amelia Andersdotter Werner Hoelzl Maximilian Riegel
Bakul Banerjee Piotr Karocki Pablo Rivas Perea
Robert Schaaf
Lee Barford Stuart Kerry
Lyria Bennett Moses Edmund Kienast Daniel Schiff
Barbara Bohr Dwayne Knirk Matthew Silveira
Juris Borzovs Ansgar Koene Gary Smullin
Pieter Botman Susan Land Sarah Spiekermann
Gustavo Brunello Kenneth Lang Wayne Stec
Lyle Bullock Sean Laroque-Doherty Robert Stemp
Paul Cardinal Ruth Lewis Walter Struppler
Diego Chiozzi Xiaoru Li Gerald Stueve
Raul Colcher Lars Luenenburger David Tepen
Javier Luiso Ozlem Ulgen
Jennifer Costley
Jan de Liefde Emile Mardacany John Vergis
Ronald Dean Johnny Marques David Walden
Robert Donaldson Rajesh Murthy Kenneth Wallace
Hassan El Shazly Laura Musikanski Lei Wang
Kenneth Foster Alan Mustafa Gisele Waters
David Fuschi Alexander Novotny Eleanor Watson
Lewis Gray Joanna Olszewska Till Winkler
Louis Gullo Mark Paulk Forrest Wright
Beiyuan Guo Christopher Petrola Yu Yuan
James Pratt Oren Yuen
Tamas Haidegger
Victoria Hailey Randy Rannow Janusz Zalewski
John C. Havens Daidi Zhong
Copyright © 2021 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)

When the IEEE SA Standards Board approved this standard on 16 June 2021, it had the following membership:

Gary Hoffman, Chair
Jon Walter Rosdahl, Vice Chair
John D. Kulick, Past Chair
Konstantinos Karachalios, Secretary
Edward A. Addy Howard Li Mehmet Ulema
Doug Edwards Daozhuang Lin Lei Wang
Ramy Ahmed Fathy Kevin Lu F. Keith Waters
J.Travis Griffith Daleep C. Mohla Karl Weber
Thomas Koshy Chenhui Niu Sha Wei
Joseph L. Koepfinger* Damir Novosel Howard Wolfman
David J. Law Annette Reilly Daidi Zhong
Dorothy Stanley
*Member Emeritus
Copyright © 2021 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
Introduction

This introduction is not part of IEEE Std 7000™-2021, IEEE Standard Model Process for Addressing Ethical Concerns

during System Design.

Organizations are becoming increasingly aware of the need to demonstrate socially responsible behavior when

dealing with stakeholders, customers, regulators, and society in general. Socially responsible organizations

recognize that their decisions and actions affect not just their financial bottom line but also society and the

environment. One of the principles of social responsibility is ethical behavior.

Engineers, their managers, and other stakeholders benefit from well-defined processes for considering ethical

issues along with the usual concerns of system performance and functionality early in the system life cycle.

Consumers can be unaware of the ethical considerations regarding the products and services they use; it is only

by rigorously examining ethical concerns that manufacturers, engineers, and technologists can align products

and services with the results valued by acquirers, consumers, and users.

This standard aims to support organizations in creating ethical value through system design. Creating ethical

value is a vision for organizations that recognizes their central role in society as shapers of well-being and

carriers of societal progress that benefits humanity. Implementing IEEE Std 7000 can help them to strengthen

their value proposition and avoid value harms. It is applicable to all kinds of products and services, including

artificial intelligence (AI) systems.

IEEE Std 7000 is recommended for use by organizations engaged in concept exploration, requirements

definition, or development of new or revised products or services. The standard requires consideration of

values relevant to the culture where the system is to be deployed. It is applicable with any life cycle model or

development methodology. IEEE Std 7000 is designed to work for all sizes and types of organizations (e.g.,

large, small, for profit, non-profit) aiming to deliver products that enable the ethical values of their customers

and their own organization. The standard can help organizations to build better products with a more refined

and nuanced value proposition and with less risk. This standard can be more easily applied in the context of

organizational policies that are consistent with the organization’s ethical values, such as the following:

— Readiness to include a wide group of stakeholders in the engineering effort
— An open, transparent, and inclusive project culture
— A commitment to quality
— A dedication to ethical values from the top of the organization

— A commitment to allocate sufficient time and resources for ethical requirements definition

IEEE Std 7000 is most effectively applied when organizational leaders and top management are involved in

and assume responsibility for the products and services created. Through key roles defined for IEEE Std 7000

project teams, this standard seeks to help align management and engineering activities with stakeholder

expectations for ethical values in the operational concept, value propositions, and design features being

developed.
Copyright © 2021 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
Contents

1. Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 12

1.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................. 12

1.2 Purpose ............................................................................................................................................... 12

1.3 Applicability and constraints .............................................................................................................. 12

1.4 Process overview ................................................................................................................................ 14

1.5 Word usage ......................................................................................................................................... 15

2. Normative references ................................................................................................................................ 16

3. Definitions, acronyms, and abbreviations ................................................................................................. 16

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................... 16

3.2 Acronyms and abbreviations .............................................................................................................. 24

4. Conformance ............................................................................................................................................. 24

5. Key concepts and application .................................................................................................................... 25

5.1 General application............................................................................................................................. 25

5.2 Specified context of use ...................................................................................................................... 25

5.3 The Organization ................................................................................................................................ 26

5.4 Stakeholders ....................................................................................................................................... 27

5.5 Human values ..................................................................................................................................... 28

5.6 Ethical theories used to elicit values ................................................................................................... 30

5.7 Stages and processes ........................................................................................................................... 31

6. Key roles in Ethical Value Engineering Project teams ............................................................................... 32

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................... 32

6.2 Role descriptions ................................................................................................................................ 32

6.3 Team competency ............................................................................................................................... 35

7. Concept of Operations (ConOps) and Context Exploration Process ......................................................... 35

7.1 Purpose of the Process ........................................................................................................................ 35

7.2 Outcomes............................................................................................................................................ 36

7.3 Activities and tasks ............................................................................................................................. 36

7.4 Inputs .................................................................................................................................................. 38

7.5 Outputs ............................................................................................................................................... 39

8. Ethical Values Elicitation and Prioritization Process ................................................................................. 39

8.1 Purpose of the Process ..............................................................................

...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/
DRAFT
STANDARD IEC/IEEE
FDIS
24748-7000
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 7
Systems and software engineering —
Secretariat: BIS
Life cycle management —
Voting begins on:
2022-05-20
Part 7000:
Voting terminates on:
Standard model process for
2022-10-07
addressing ethical concerns during
system design
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/IEC/IEEE FDIS 24748-7000:2022(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. © IEEE 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE FDIS 24748-7000:2022(E)
FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/
DRAFT
STANDARD IEC/IEEE
FDIS
24748-7000
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 7
Systems and software engineering —
Secretariat: BIS
Life cycle management —
Voting begins on:
2022-05-20
Part 7000:
Voting terminates on:
Standard model process for
2022-10-07
addressing ethical concerns during
system design
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© IEEE 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from IEEE at the address below.

RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
3 Park Avenue, New York
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
NY 10016-5997, USA
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
Email: stds.ipr@ieee.org
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/IEC/IEEE FDIS 24748-7000:2022(E)
Website: www.ieee.org
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
Published in Switzerland
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
© IEEE 2022 – All rights reserved
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. © IEEE 2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE FDIS 24748-7000:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity.

ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO/IEC documents should be noted (see www.iso.org/directives or

www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs).

IEEE Standards documents are developed within the IEEE Societies and the Standards Coordinating

Committees of the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board. The IEEE develops its

standards through a consensus development process, approved by the American National Standards

Institute, which brings together volunteers representing varied viewpoints and interests to achieve the

final product. Volunteers are not necessarily members of the Institute and serve without compensation.

While the IEEE administers the process and establishes rules to promote fairness in the consensus

development process, the IEEE does not independently evaluate, test, or verify the accuracy of any of the

information contained in its standards.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details

of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents) or the IEC list of patent

declarations received (see https://patents.iec.ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the World

Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT),

see www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html. In the IEC, see www.iec.ch/understanding-standards.

ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000 was prepared by the LAN/MAN of the IEEE Computer Society (as

IEEE 7000-2021) and drafted in accordance with its editorial rules. It was adopted, under the “fast-track

procedure” defined in the Partner Standards Development Organization cooperation agreement between

ISO and IEEE, by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology, Subcommittee SC 7,

Software and systems engineering.

A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748 series can be found on the ISO and IEC websites.

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committees.
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IEEE Std 7000™-2021
IEEE Standard Model Process
for Addressing Ethical Concerns
during System Design
Developed by the
Systems and Software Engineering Standards Committee
of the
IEEE Computer Society
Approved 16 June 2021
IEEE SA Standards Board
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)

Abstract: A set of processes by which organizations can include consideration of ethical values

throughout the stages of concept exploration and development is established by this standard.

Management and engineering in transparent communication with selected stakeholders for ethical

values elicitation and prioritization is supported by this standard, involving traceability of ethical

values through an operational concept, value propositions, and value dispositions in the system

design. Processes that provide for traceability of ethical values in the concept of operations, ethical

requirements, and ethical risk-based design are described in the standard. All sizes and types of

organizations using their own life cycle models are relevant to this standard.

Keywords: case for ethics, concept of operations, ethical value requirements, ethical values

elicitation, ethically aligned design, IEEE 7000™, software engineering, system engineering, value-

based requirements, value prioritization
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
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ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
IMPORTANT NOTICE

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---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
Participants

At the time this IEEE standard was completed, the Model Process for Addressing Ethical Concerns during

System Design Working Group had the following membership:
Ali Hessami, Chair
Sarah Spiekermann, Vice Chair
Zvikomborero Murahwi, Secretary
Annette Reilly, Technical Editor
Victoria Hailey Sridhar Raghavan
Lee Barford
James Beetem Ali Hossaini Randy Rannow
Jared Bielby Valery Karpov Dina Salah
Barbara Bohr Edmund Kienast Chris Santos-Lang
Noah Brodbeck Vlada Leushina Robert Schaaf
Jennifer Costley Ruth Lewis Sam Sciacca
Brandt Dainow Gerri Light Giuseppe Spampinato
Feyzan Dalay Carol Long Ozlem Ulgen
Colleen Dorsey Emile Mardacany Mark Underwood
Andrey Fajardo Jacob Metcalf Altaz Valani
Tony Gillespie Rod Muttram Michelle Victor
Lewis Gray Alexander Novotny Gisele Waters
Beiyuan Guo Freddy Pirajan Till Winkler
The IEEE 7000 Working Group acknowledges the contributions of John C. Havens.

The following members of the individual Standards Association balloting group voted on this standard.

Balloters may have voted for approval, disapproval, or abstention.
M.Victoria Alonso Ali Hessami Annette Reilly
Amelia Andersdotter Werner Hoelzl Maximilian Riegel
Bakul Banerjee Piotr Karocki Pablo Rivas Perea
Robert Schaaf
Lee Barford Stuart Kerry
Lyria Bennett Moses Edmund Kienast Daniel Schiff
Barbara Bohr Dwayne Knirk Matthew Silveira
Juris Borzovs Ansgar Koene Gary Smullin
Pieter Botman Susan Land Sarah Spiekermann
Gustavo Brunello Kenneth Lang Wayne Stec
Lyle Bullock Sean Laroque-Doherty Robert Stemp
Paul Cardinal Ruth Lewis Walter Struppler
Diego Chiozzi Xiaoru Li Gerald Stueve
Raul Colcher Lars Luenenburger David Tepen
Javier Luiso Ozlem Ulgen
Jennifer Costley
Jan de Liefde Emile Mardacany John Vergis
Ronald Dean Johnny Marques David Walden
Robert Donaldson Rajesh Murthy Kenneth Wallace
Hassan El Shazly Laura Musikanski Lei Wang
Kenneth Foster Alan Mustafa Gisele Waters
David Fuschi Alexander Novotny Eleanor Watson
Lewis Gray Joanna Olszewska Till Winkler
Louis Gullo Mark Paulk Forrest Wright
Beiyuan Guo Christopher Petrola Yu Yuan
James Pratt Oren Yuen
Tamas Haidegger
Victoria Hailey Randy Rannow Janusz Zalewski
John C. Havens Daidi Zhong
Copyright © 2021 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)

When the IEEE SA Standards Board approved this standard on 16 June 2021, it had the following membership:

Gary Hoffman, Chair
Jon Walter Rosdahl, Vice Chair
John D. Kulick, Past Chair
Konstantinos Karachalios, Secretary
Edward A. Addy Howard Li Mehmet Ulema
Doug Edwards Daozhuang Lin Lei Wang
Ramy Ahmed Fathy Kevin Lu F. Keith Waters
J.Travis Griffith Daleep C. Mohla Karl Weber
Thomas Koshy Chenhui Niu Sha Wei
Joseph L. Koepfinger* Damir Novosel Howard Wolfman
David J. Law Annette Reilly Daidi Zhong
Dorothy Stanley
*Member Emeritus
Copyright © 2021 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
Introduction

This introduction is not part of IEEE Std 7000™-2021, IEEE Standard Model Process for Addressing Ethical Concerns

during System Design.

Organizations are becoming increasingly aware of the need to demonstrate socially responsible behavior when

dealing with stakeholders, customers, regulators, and society in general. Socially responsible organizations

recognize that their decisions and actions affect not just their financial bottom line but also society and the

environment. One of the principles of social responsibility is ethical behavior.

Engineers, their managers, and other stakeholders benefit from well-defined processes for considering ethical

issues along with the usual concerns of system performance and functionality early in the system life cycle.

Consumers can be unaware of the ethical considerations regarding the products and services they use; it is only

by rigorously examining ethical concerns that manufacturers, engineers, and technologists can align products

and services with the results valued by acquirers, consumers, and users.

This standard aims to support organizations in creating ethical value through system design. Creating ethical

value is a vision for organizations that recognizes their central role in society as shapers of well-being and

carriers of societal progress that benefits humanity. Implementing IEEE Std 7000 can help them to strengthen

their value proposition and avoid value harms. It is applicable to all kinds of products and services, including

artificial intelligence (AI) systems.

IEEE Std 7000 is recommended for use by organizations engaged in concept exploration, requirements

definition, or development of new or revised products or services. The standard requires consideration of

values relevant to the culture where the system is to be deployed. It is applicable with any life cycle model or

development methodology. IEEE Std 7000 is designed to work for all sizes and types of organizations (e.g.,

large, small, for profit, non-profit) aiming to deliver products that enable the ethical values of their customers

and their own organization. The standard can help organizations to build better products with a more refined

and nuanced value proposition and with less risk. This standard can be more easily applied in the context of

organizational policies that are consistent with the organization’s ethical values, such as the following:

— Readiness to include a wide group of stakeholders in the engineering effort
— An open, transparent, and inclusive project culture
— A commitment to quality
— A dedication to ethical values from the top of the organization

— A commitment to allocate sufficient time and resources for ethical requirements definition

IEEE Std 7000 is most effectively applied when organizational leaders and top management are involved in

and assume responsibility for the products and services created. Through key roles defined for IEEE Std 7000

project teams, this standard seeks to help align management and engineering activities with stakeholder

expectations for ethical values in the operational concept, value propositions, and design features being

developed.
Copyright © 2021 IEEE. All rights reserved.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24748-7000:2022(E)
Contents

1. Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 12

1.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................. 12

1.2 Purpose ............................................................................................................................................... 12

1.3 Applicability and constraints .............................................................................................................. 12

1.4 Process overview ................................................................................................................................ 14

1.5 Word usage ......................................................................................................................................... 15

2. Normative references ................................................................................................................................ 16

3. Definitions, acronyms, and abbreviations ................................................................................................. 16

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................... 16

3.2 Acronyms and abbreviations .............................................................................................................. 24

4. Conformance ............................................................................................................................................. 24

5. Key concepts and application .................................................................................................................... 25

5.1 General application............................................................................................................................. 25

5.2 Specified context of use ...................................................................................................................... 25

5.3 The Organization ................................................................................................................................ 26

5.4 Stakeholders ....................................................................................................................................... 27

5.5 Human values ..................................................................................................................................... 28

5.6 Ethical theories used to elicit values ................................................................................................... 30

5.7 Stages and processes ........................................................................................................................... 31

6. Key roles in Ethical Value Engineering Project teams ............................................................................... 32

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................... 32

6.2 Role descriptions .......................
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.