Road vehicles -- Product data exchange between chassis and body work manufacturers (BEP)

This document series describes a generic system for the exchange of data between truck chassis manufacturers and bodywork manufacturers. It applies to commercial vehicles as defined in ISO 3833, having a maximum gross vehicle mass above 3 500 kg. The process of exchanging the above information can involve: — chassis manufacturer; — chassis importer; — chassis dealer; — one or more bodywork manufacturers; and — bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading equipment, tipping equipment. This document specifically deals with the coding of dimensions and other characteristics of skip loaders, to ensure an efficient and unambiguous communication of installation data between the parties involved.

Véhicules routiers -- Échange de données de produit entre les fabricants de châssis et de carrosseries (BEP)

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Published
Publication Date
03-Oct-2018
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
21-Aug-2018
Completion Date
04-Oct-2018
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ISO 21308-7:2018 - Road vehicles -- Product data exchange between chassis and body work manufacturers (BEP)
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 21308-7
First edition
2018-10
Road vehicles — Product data
exchange between chassis and body
work manufacturers (BEP) —
Part 7:
Coding of skip loader bodywork
Véhicules routiers — Échange de données de produit entre les
fabricants de châssis et de carrosseries (BEP) —
Partie 7: Codage des multibennes
Reference number
ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
ISO 2018
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Coding principles ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.1 BEP codes of bodywork for hook loaders ........................................................................................................................ 4

4.2 Units of BEP code values ................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.3 References for measurements ................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.3.1 Global coordinate system (X, Y, Z) ..................................................................................................................... 5

4.3.2 Skip loader coordinate system ............................................................................................................................. 5

4.4 Related XML coding ............................................................................................................................................................................ 7

5 Coding of geometrical data and space requirements ..................................................................................................... 8

5.1 Installation of skip loader on vehicle ................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Main dimensions skip loaders ................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.1 Transport position ...................................................................... .................................................................................... 9

5.2.2 Tipping position ............................................................................................................................................................17

5.2.3 Loading/unloading position ...............................................................................................................................18

6 Coding of container dimensions and features necessary for the handling ..........................................21

7 Coding of masses ...............................................................................................................................................................................................24

7.1 Mass point in transport position ..........................................................................................................................................24

7.2 Mass point in working position .............................................................................................................................................25

7.3 Mass point for container ..............................................................................................................................................................25

8 Coding of general skip loader data .................................................................................................................................................26

8.1 General skip loader data ..............................................................................................................................................................26

8.2 Mechanical interfaces to truck ...............................................................................................................................................26

8.3 Mechanical interfaces to container ....................................................................................................................................26

8.4 Hydraulics equipment and interfaces ..............................................................................................................................27

8.5 Electrical/electronic equipment and interfaces .....................................................................................................27

Annex A (normative) XML coding related to this document .....................................................................................................28

Annex B (informative) Overview of container dimension standards and specifications ...........................30

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................31

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 22, Road vehicles, Subcommittee SC 40,

Specific aspects for light and heavy commercial vehicles, busses and trailers.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
A list of all parts in the ISO 21308 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
Introduction

Based on the ISO BEP (bodywork exchange parameters) system, this document specifically deals with

the coding of dimensions and other characteristics of skip loaders. The aim is to ensure an efficient and

unambiguous communication of dimensional installation data between the parties involved.

The document also covers coding of characteristics of hydraulic, electrical and electronic interfaces to

the vehicle.

The document is useful for all parties involved in the installation of skip loaders to vehicles, e.g. skip

loader manufacturers, truck chassis manufacturers, and bodywork manufacturers.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
Road vehicles — Product data exchange between chassis
and body work manufacturers (BEP) —
Part 7:
Coding of skip loader bodywork
1 Scope

This document series describes a generic system for the exchange of data between truck chassis

manufacturers and bodywork manufacturers. It applies to commercial vehicles as defined in ISO 3833,

having a maximum gross vehicle mass above 3 500 kg.
The process of exchanging the above information can involve:
— chassis manufacturer;
— chassis importer;
— chassis dealer;
— one or more bodywork manufacturers; and

— bodywork component suppliers, e.g. manufacturers of demountable bodies, cranes and loading

equipment, tipping equipment.

This document specifically deals with the coding of dimensions and other characteristics of skip

loaders, to ensure an efficient and unambiguous communication of installation data between the

parties involved.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 21308-1, Road vehicles — Product data exchange between chassis and bodywork manufacturers

(BEP) — Part 1: General principles

ISO 21308-2, Road vehicles — Product data exchange between chassis and bodywork manufacturers

(BEP) — Part 2: Dimensional bodywork exchange parameters

ISO 21308-3, Road vehicles — Product data exchange between chassis and bodywork manufacturers

(BEP) — Part 3: General, mass and administrative exchange parameters
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document the terms and definitions given in ISO 21308-2 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at https: //www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
3.1
skip loader

vehicle mounted powered equipment comprising of two arms moving around a pivoting axis, using

chains or similar for loading, unloading and tipping containers and other demountables

Note 1 to entry: Arms are usually moving in parallel. They may be fixed, extendable or articulated.

Note 2 to entry: Figure 1 shows the main parts of a skip loader referred to in this document.

2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
a) Skip loader with extension arm
b) Skip loader with articulation arm and extended load bed
Key
1 main arm 8 articulation arm
2 subframe 9 articulation arm pivot point
3 stabilizer leg(s) 10 load bed (hidden)
4 main arm pivot point 11 extended load bed
5 tipping hook 12 lifting chain
6 main arm cylinder 13 cabin protection guard
7 extension arm 14 lifting connector
Figure 1 — Main parts of skip loader
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
4 Coding principles
4.1 BEP codes of bodywork for hook loaders

Each characteristic, related to the hook loader and its interfaces to truck chassis, is assigned a code

composed of the items given below. A prefix “BEP”, followed by a dash (-), shall be used to avoid

confusion with other coding systems.
BEP codes are formatted according to the principles in Table 1.
Table 1 — BEP coding principles
BEP-ppMccc.n.p.q.s.t
Item Assignment Description

pp Bodywork category pp = None or 00 for codes related to vehicle chassis (ISO 21308-2 and

ISO 21308-3)
pp = 01 for codes related to loader cranes (ISO 21308-5)
pp = 02 for codes related to hook loaders (ISO 21308-6)
pp = 03 for codes related to skip loaders (ISO 21308-7)
Future parts of the ISO 21308 series may introduce new pp numbers.
M Measure type A capital letter, which denotes the type of code:
H = Z direction, coordinate system in accordance with ISO 4130
L = X direction, coordinate system in accordance with ISO 4130
W = Y direction, coordinate system in accordance with ISO 4130
C = Coordinate (x,y) or (x,y,z) in the Cartesian coordinate system
R = Radius
V = Angle
M = Mass (m), or mass point (m,x,y,z)
F = Force (static or dynamic)
T = Moment (static or dynamic)
G = General
A = Administrative
ccc BEP code number Code number given by the standard
.n Index number .n is used to designate object number n

.p Entity number .p is used to designate a certain set of object characteristics or entities (e.g.

dimensions, coordinates, address information)
Where both .n and .p are specified, they are given in the .n .p order.
.q Corner number .q is used to designate contour corner index number
.s Side designator L or R

.t Type designator .t is used to designate a certain type (e.g. "Rigid" or "Flexible")

NOTE Dimensions, except for radius, can be positive or negative.
4.2 Units of BEP code values

The following units are preferred when reporting values related to BEP codes (see also ISO 21308-1):

— dimensions (L, W, H, R) and coordinates (x, y, z) in millimetres (mm);
— masses in kilograms (kg);
4 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
— forces in Newtons (N), or kN;
— moments in Newtonmetres (Nm), or kNm; and
— angles in degrees (°).
NOTE Guidance on units is shown in the unit column for each BEP code.
4.3 References for measurements
4.3.1 Global coordinate system (X, Y, Z)

A vehicle coordinate system according to ISO 4130 is applied, see Figure 2. Global coordinates for the

vehicle are denominated X, Y and Z (uppercase letters).
Figure 2 — Vehicle coordinate system according to ISO 4130
4.3.2 Skip loader coordinate system

For a default mounting position, the principle should be that the skip loader coordinate directions

should coincide with those of the vehicle. Local bodywork coordinates are denominated x, y and z

(lowercase letters), see Figure 3.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 5
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
Figure 3 — Local coordinate system for skip loader

The origin of the coordinate system for a skip loader (referred to as zero reference point in this

document) is defined by:
— Local x = 0 for the plane through the centre of the main arm pivot point;

— Local y = 0 for the longitudinal plane through the centreline of the skip loader;

6 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
— Local z = 0 at the lower mounting plane of the skip loader subframe.
4.4 Related XML coding

Any XML implementation for the communication of BEP codes shall follow the requirements given in

ISO 21308-1. The XML coding related to this document shall be written according to the indications in

Annex A.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 7
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
5 Coding of geometrical data and space requirements
5.1 Installation of skip loader on vehicle
BEP-code Assignment Description Unit Presented in

BEP-03L001 Front axle to Distance from the centre of the first front axle to mm 2D, 3D, TD

zero point of skip the zero reference point of the skip loader.
loader

BEP-03L002.p.s.t Distance between Fixed distance, or minimum distance, from the mm 2D, 3D, TD

zero reference zero reference point to the centre of interface of
point and instal- the installation interface p of the skip loader.
lation interface
NOTE 1 If the installation interfaces are not sym-
bracket, minimum
metrical, different values for right and left hand
side apply, marked with .R or .L.
NOTE 2 The method of installation is defined in dif-
ferent types (t), specified e.g. "Rigid" or "Flexible".
NOTE 3 If L003 exists, L002 is the minimum dis-
tance, otherwise it is the fixed distance.
EXAMPLE BEP-03L002.3.L.Rigid.

BEP-03L003.p.s Maximum dis- Maximum distance from the zero reference point mm 2D, 3D, TD

tance between to the centre of interface of the installation inter-
zero reference face p of the skip loader.
point and instal-
NOTE 1 If the installation interfaces are not sym-
lation interface
metrical, different values for right and left hand
bracket
side apply, marked with .R or .L.
NOTE 2 If L002 is a fixed distance, L003 is omitted.

BEP-03L004.p.s Distance between Distance from the zero reference point to the first mm 2D, 3D, TD

zero reference (index) hole of the installation interface p of the
point and installa- skip loader.
tion interface hole
8 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
5.2 Main dimensions skip loaders
5.2.1 Transport position
BEP-code Assignment Description Unit Presented in
BEP-03L020 Distance Horizontal distance between zero reference mm 2D, 3D, TD
between zero point and rear end of skip loader platform,
reference excluding support legs.
point and rear-
most point,
excluding sup-
port legs
BEP-03L021 Distance Horizontal distance between zero reference mm 2D, 3D, TD
between zero point and rear end of skip loader, including sup-
reference point port legs.
and rearmost
point, including
support legs
BEP-03L022 Distance to Distance between zero reference point and mm 2D, 3D, TD
frontmost frontmost part of the skip loader platform.
platform part

BEP-03L023 Cabin protec- Distance between frontmost part of the skip mm 2D, 3D, TD

tion guard loader platform and the frontmost part of the
cabin protection guard.
BEP-03L024 Distance to Distance between zero reference point and mm 2D, 3D, TD
skip loader frontmost part of the skip loader flange.
flange
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 9
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
BEP-code Assignment Description Unit Presented in

BEP-03L025 Distance to Distance from rear end of skip loader to maxi- mm 2D, 3D, TD

extended load mum extended load bed position.
bed position
NOTE For use with extendable load beds.
10 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 21308-7:2018(E)
BEP-code Assignment Description Unit Presented in

BEP-03H020 Distance to Vertical distance between mounting plane and mm 2D, 3D, TD

main arm the centre of the main arm pivot point.
pivot point

BEP-03H021 Overall height Vertical distance between mounting plane and mm 2D, 3D, TD

in transport the highest point of the skip loader in nominal
position transport po
...

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