Gas turbine applications — Requirements for power generation

ISO 19859:2016 specifies the minimum technical and documentation requirements for the evaluation and procurement of gas turbine systems for electrical power generation. It applies to simple cycle and combined cycle gas turbines for both onshore and offshore applications, where applicable. It also applies to gas turbines used in cogeneration (see ISO 11086:1996, Annex B). Testing of the gas turbine in combination with a generator is included in the scope. It is not applicable to gas turbines used for all types of propulsion including aircraft, mobile barges, floating production vessels and marine propulsion applications and microturbines. ISO 19859:2016 defines the requirements for gas turbine power generation from an international perspective based on the content of existing, recognized ISO and IEC standards to the greatest extent practical. Nonetheless, it is recognized that within the industry other codes or standards are used, some of which are included in the text of this International Standard. The use of other such codes and standards is permissible provided an appropriate and acceptable level of requirements, functional design and safety is achieved and agreement has been reached for their use between the Purchaser and Contractor and such use is suitably documented. Consideration should be given to applying/using standards in the following hierarchical order: international; regional; national; local. ISO 19859:2016 identifies the requirements for both the Purchaser and Contractor attributable to the design and procurement of a gas turbine power generation package. The defined requirements apply to the scope of supply, except where excluded, encompassing the following equipment and the associated selected options, located within the power generation package, (see 3.14), listed below: - gas turbine package; - load shaft coupling and clutch, as applicable; - air inlet system; - exhaust system; - fuel equipment; - control equipment; - electrical equipment; - additional auxiliary systems, including starting, lubrication, barring, compressor wash, pipework, drains and vents; - fire and gas protection; - cooling water equipment. Where applicable to the integrity of the gas turbine package, the interface and applicable design requirements are included for equipment, utilities and supplies that interface with the power generation package. The following equipment is excluded from the scope of supply, but references are included where required for interface or performance measurement: - generator and auxiliary systems, except the module control option; - steam turbine and auxiliary systems; - equipment external to the power generation package. Data sheets in Annex A of this International Standard are provided for defining requirements and exchanging information between the Purchaser and the Contractor. The Purchaser fills in the data sheets for the tender and forwards them to the Contractor. The Contractor responds by completing the applicable data sheets for their tender. Annex A identifies the different types of data sheets and how they are to be used. Where the Contractor does not comply with a selected requirement of this International Standard, this is detailed as an exception, referencing the applicable clause and describing the deviation and any alternatives available in a document listing all the exceptions taken. Where the text in this International Standard requests procedures and operating, maintenance and commissioning manual information or equipment that would require the disclosure/supply of proprietary information/equipment which the Contractor is not prepared to release, such exceptions are listed. Where this situation exists, the Contractor will be prepared to release appropriate personnel and equipment to undertake all the tasks that otherwise would be undertaken by the Purchaser. A bullet ● at the beginning of a paragraph in the text of this International Standard indicates an optiona

Applications des turbines à gaz — Exigences relatives à la production d'énergie

L'ISO 19859 :2016 définit les exigences minimales techniques et de documentation pour l'évaluation et l'acquisition de systèmes de turbines à gaz pour la production d'énergie électrique. Elle s'applique aux turbines à gaz à cycle simple et au cycle mixte, destinées à la fois aux applications à terre et en mer, quand cela est applicable. Elle s'applique également aux turbines à gaz utilisées en cogénération, (voir l'ISO 11086:1996, Annexe B). Elle ne s'applique pas aux turbines à gaz utilisées pour tous les types de propulsion, y compris des aéronefs, des barges mobiles, des bâtiments flottants de production ou des applications de propulsion utilisées dans la marine, ni aux microturbines. L'ISO 19859 :2016 définit les exigences pour la génération d'énergie par des turbines à gaz à partir d'une perspective internationale basée sur le contenu des normes ISO et IEC reconnues déjà existantes et s'appliquant dans toute la mesure du possible. Néanmoins, il est reconnu qu'au sein de l'industrie, d'autres codes ou normes sont utilisés, dont certains sont inclus dans le texte de l'ISO 19859 :2016. L'utilisation d'autres codes et normes de ce type est autorisée à condition qu'un niveau d'exigences approprié et acceptable soit inclus, qu'une conception fonctionnelle et que la sécurité soient atteinte, et qu'un accord ait été convenu pour leur utilisation entre l'acheteur et le fournisseur, et que cette utilisation soit documentée de manière appropriée. Il convient de tenir compte de l'application/l'utilisation des normes selon l'ordre hiérarchique suivant: internationales, régionales, nationales, locales. Elle identifie les exigences pour l'acheteur ainsi que pour le fournisseur attribuables à la conception et à l'acquisition d'une application à turbine à gaz pour ensemble de génération d'énergie. Les exigences définies s'appliquent à une étendue de fourniture qui, sauf exclusion, englobe les équipements suivants et les options sélectionnées associées, situées dans l'ensemble de génération d'énergie (voir 3.14) énumérés ci-dessous: - l'ensemble de turbine à gaz; - le couplage de charge d'arbre et d'embrayage, si applicable; - le système d'entrée d'air; - le système d'échappement; - l'équipement de combustible; - l'équipement de commande; - l'équipement électrique; - les systèmes supplémentaires auxiliaires comprenant le démarrage, la lubrification, les systèmes d'interdiction, nettoyage du compresseur, la tuyauterie, les dispositifs de vidange et les évents; - la protection contre les incendies et le gaz; - l'équipement d'eau de refroidissement. Lorsque cela est applicable, pour l'intégrité de l'ensemble de la turbine à gaz, l'interface et les exigences de conception applicables sont incluses pour les équipements, les moyens annexes et les alimentations qui sont à l'interface de l'ensemble de génération d'énergie. Les équipements suivants sont exclus de l'étendue de la fourniture mais les références sont incluses lorsqu'elles sont nécessaires pour l'interface ou pour le mesurage des performances: - générateur et systèmes auxiliaires, sauf l'option commande de charge de module; - turbine à vapeur et systèmes auxiliaires; - équipement externe pour ensemble de génération d'énergie. Les fiches de données en Annexe A de la présente Norme internationale sont fournies afin de définir les exigences et les informations à échanger entre l'acheteur et le fournisseur. L'acheteur remplit les fiches de données pour l'offre et les transmet au fournisseur. Le fournisseur répond en renseignant les fiches de données applicables pour leur offre. Quand le fournisseur n'est pas en conformité avec une exigence sélectionnée de l'ISO 19859 :2016, ceci est détaillé sous forme d'exception faisant référence au paragraphe applicable et avec description de la divergence ainsi que toute alternative disponible dans un document qui énumère toutes les exceptions prises. Lorsque le texte de l'ISO 19859 :2016 nécessite des procédures et fonctionnem

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Jun-2016
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
9093 - International Standard confirmed
Start Date
27-Sep-2021
Completion Date
27-Sep-2021
Ref Project

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19859
First edition
2016-06-15
Gas turbine applications —
Requirements for power generation
Applications des turbines à gaz — Exigences relatives à la production
d’energie
Reference number
ISO 19859:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 19859:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
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copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 19859:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................xii

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................xiii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Comparative performance assessment at standard reference conditions ...........................................12

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

4.2 Standard reference conditions ...............................................................................................................................................13

4.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

4.2.2 Ambient conditions ....................................................................................................................................................13

4.2.3 Exhaust conditions ......................................................................................................................................................13

4.2.4 Cooling water conditions (if applicable) ..................................................................................................13

4.2.5 Working fluid heater or cooler .........................................................................................................................13

4.2.6 Fuel for comparative performance assessment .................................................................................13

5 Performance at site conditions ..........................................................................................................................................................14

5.1 Site rating ..................................................................................................................................................................................................14

5.1.1 Site rated power ............................................................................................................................................................14

5.1.2 Site minimum load ......................................................................................................................................................14

5.1.3 Site net heat rate ...........................................................................................................................................................14

5.1.4 Site peak load ...................................................................................................................................................................14

5.2 Site conditions ......................................................................................................................................................................................14

5.3 Corrections ..............................................................................................................................................................................................15

6 Site conditions and utilities ...................................................................................................................................................................15

6.1 Air quality .................................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.2 Water quality .........................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.3 Steam quality .........................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.4 Purge media quality .........................................................................................................................................................................16

6.5 Interface and utility connection points ...........................................................................................................................17

6.6 Gas turbine orientation due to site conditions .........................................................................................................17

7 Discharges and emissions to the environment ..................................................................................................................18

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................18

7.2 Design philosophy for prevention of unplanned release of fluids ...........................................................18

7.3 Noise emissions ...................................................................................................................................................................................18

7.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................18

7.3.2 Methods for sound measurements and predictions ......................................................................18

7.3.3 Sound level within the gas turbine enclosure ......................................................................................19

7.4 Exhaust emissions .............................................................................................................................................................................19

7.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.4.2 Responsibilities ..............................................................................................................................................................19

7.4.3 Reporting emissions ..................................................................................................................................................19

7.4.4 Start-up emissions ...................................................................... .................................................................................20

7.5 Post-combustion controls...........................................................................................................................................................20

7.6 Emission monitoring ......................................................................................................................................................................20

7.7 Water, steam and other emissions ......................................................................................................................................20

7.8 Visible plumes ......................................................................................................................................................................................20

8 Contract fuels ........................................................................................................................................................................................................21

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................21

8.2 Types (gas, liquids and combination) ..............................................................................................................................21

8.3 Fuel composition ................................................................................................................................................................................21

8.4 Fuel supply requirements ...........................................................................................................................................................22

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 19859:2016(E)

8.5 Alternative fuels (syngas, low calorific value gas, LPG, NGL, Naphtha, LNG, high

hydrogen and residual fuel oil) ..............................................................................................................................................22

9 Fuel systems and treatment ...................................................................................................................................................................23

9.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................23

9.2 Gas fuel supply .....................................................................................................................................................................................23

9.3 Liquid fuel supply ..............................................................................................................................................................................23

9.4 Fuel filter/separator ......... ...............................................................................................................................................................24

9.4.1 Gas fuel ..................................................................................................................................................................................24

9.4.2 Liquid fuel ...........................................................................................................................................................................24

9.5 Pre-heating requirements for the dew point control of fuel gas...............................................................24

9.6 Pre-heating requirements for liquid fuels approaching their pour point .........................................24

9.7 Alternative fuels – multi-fuel capability .........................................................................................................................24

9.8 Mixed fuel co-firing ..........................................................................................................................................................................25

9.9 Fuel for igniter ......................................................................................................................................................................................25

9.10 Start-up fuel, main fuel and fuel changeover .............................................................................................................25

9.11 Water and steam injection systems ...................................................................................................................................25

9.12 Fuel purge, vents and drains ....................................................................................................................................................25

9.13 Fuel system metering .....................................................................................................................................................................25

9.14 Fuel system pipework and vessels design ....................................................................................................................26

9.14.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................26

9.14.2 Fuel pipes, joints and flanges .............................................................................................................................26

9.14.3 Flexible pipes ...................................................................................................................................................................26

10 Regulations, codes and standards ...................................................................................................................................................26

10.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................26

10.2 Design codes and standards .....................................................................................................................................................27

10.3 Verification ..............................................................................................................................................................................................27

11 Operating requirements ............................................................................................................................................................................28

11.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................28

11.2 Operating range and limitations ...........................................................................................................................................28

11.3 Starts (time to start, number of starts, start restrictions)..............................................................................28

11.4 Loading/de-loading .........................................................................................................................................................................29

11.5 Grid operational requirements ..............................................................................................................................................29

11.6 Frequency response ........................................................................................................................................................................30

11.7 Location of controls HMI .............................................................................................................................................................30

11.8 Operation documents .....................................................................................................................................................................30

11.9 Island mode operation and black start ...........................................................................................................................30

11.10 Black start and black grid restoration .............................................................................................................................31

12 Quality ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................31

12.1 Quality management system ....................................................................................................................................................31

12.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................31

12.1.2 Project quality manager .........................................................................................................................................31

12.1.3 Project quality plan ........................................................................................................................................... ..........31

12.1.4 Quality control plan ....................................................................................................................................................32

12.1.5 Inspection and test plan .........................................................................................................................................32

12.2 Quality monitoring and approval .........................................................................................................................................32

12.2.1 Sub-suppliers and supply chain quality monitoring ......................................................................32

12.2.2 Quality surveillance by the Purchaser ........................................................................................................33

12.2.3 Equipment approvals of statutory and coded items ......................................................................33

12.2.4 Quality control record ..............................................................................................................................................33

12.2.5 Control of non-conforming products and services ..........................................................................33

12.2.6 Concessions .......................................................................................................................................................................33

12.2.7 Project design reviews .............................................................................................................................................34

13 Reliability, availability and maintainability ..........................................................................................................................34

13.1 Basic RAM assessment ..................................................................................................................................................................34

13.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................34

13.1.2 Reliability ............................................................................................................................................................................34

iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19859:2016(E)

13.1.3 Starting reliability ........................................................................................................................................................35

13.1.4 Availability..........................................................................................................................................................................36

13.1.5 Maintainability ...............................................................................................................................................................36

13.1.6 Spares holding.................................................................................................................................................................37

13.1.7 Operating logs .................................................................................................................................................................37

13.2 Additional RAM requirements ................................................................................................................................................38

13.2.1 General requirements ...............................................................................................................................................38

13.2.2 Forced outage factor and equivalent forced outage factor .......................................................38

13.2.3 Equivalent availability factor ..............................................................................................................................39

13.2.4 Equivalent operating hours .................................................................................................................................41

14 Safety requirements ......................................................................................................................................................................................41

14.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................41

14.2 Risk assessment ..................................................................................................................................................................................41

14.3 Fire precautions ..................................................................................................................................................................................41

14.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................41

14.3.2 Enclosure fire precautions ...................................................................................................................................42

14.3.3 Gas turbine hall fire precautions .....................................................................................................................42

14.4 Hazardous area classification and explosion prevention and protection .........................................42

14.5 Flammable gas detection ............................................................................................................................................................42

14.6 Heat detectors .......................................................................................................................................................................................42

14.7 Smoke detection .................................................................................................................................................................................42

14.8 Enclosed space access ....................................................................................................................................................................42

14.9 Containment and rupture ...........................................................................................................................................................43

14.10 Hydraulically operated safety equipment ....................................................................................................................43

14.11 Fuel system pressure testing ...................................................................................................................................................43

14.12 Clutch............................................................................................................................................................................................................43

14.13 Functional safety ................................................................................................................................................................................43

14.14 Hazardous material ..........................................................................................................................................................................43

14.15 Overspeed protection system testing ...............................................................................................................................44

14.16 Manual isolation features ...........................................................................................................................................................44

14.17 Hazard identification and operability studies ..........................................................................................................44

15 Measurement, language, identification and standardization ...........................................................................45

15.1 Units of measurement ......... ...........................................................................................................................................................45

15.2 Language ...................................................................................................................................................................................................45

15.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................45

15.2.2 Language for communication ............................................................................................................................45

15.2.3 Language for documentation .............................................................................................................................45

15.2.4 Language for HMI display screens .................................................................................................................45

15.2.5 Language for labelling and signs .....................................................................................................................45

15.3 Equipment identification system, nameplates and labels ..............................................................................46

15.4 Standardization and interchangeability .........................................................................................................................46

16 Corrosion prevention, painting and finishing .....................................................................................................................47

16.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................47

16.2 Painting and coating ........................................................................................................................................................................47

16.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................47

16.2.2 Type of exposure ...........................................................................................................................................................47

16.2.3 Visual assessment of workmanship of surface ...................................................................................48

16.2.4 Preparation of the surface ....................................................................................................................................49

16.2.5 Application procedures ...........................................................................................................................................49

16.2.6 Paint materials ................................................................................................................................................................49

16.2.7 Galvanized coatings ....................................................................................................................................................49

16.2.8 Inspections and tests ........................................................................................................................

...

DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 19859
ISO/TC 192 Secretariat: ANSI
Voting begins on Voting terminates on
2012-11-19 2013-02-19

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION • МЕЖДУНАРОДНАЯ ОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ ПО СТАНДАРТИЗАЦИИ • ORGANISATION INTERNATIONALE DE NORMALISATION

Gas turbine applications — Requirements for power generation
Applications des turbines à gaz — Exigences relatives à la production d'energie
ICS 27.040; 29.160.99

To expedite distribution, this document is circulated as received from the committee

secretariat. ISO Central Secretariat work of editing and text composition will be undertaken at

publication stage.

Pour accélérer la distribution, le présent document est distribué tel qu'il est parvenu du

secrétariat du comité. Le travail de rédaction et de composition de texte sera effectué au

Secrétariat central de l'ISO au stade de publication.

THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY NOT BE

REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.

IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES, DRAFT

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO

WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN NATIONAL REGULATIONS.

RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH

THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION.
© International Organization for Standardization, 2012
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 19859
Copyright notice

This ISO document is a Draft International Standard and is copyright-protected by ISO. Except as permitted

under the applicable laws of the user’s country, neither this ISO draft nor any extract from it may be

reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,

photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission being secured.

Requests for permission to reproduce should be addressed to either ISO at the address below or ISO’s

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Reproduction may be subject to royalty payments or a licensing agreement.
Violators may be prosecuted.
ii © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 19859
Contents Page

Foreword ......................................................................................................................................................xi

Introduction.................................................................................................................................................xii

1 Scope................................................................................................................................................1

1.1 Boundary/scope of supply...............................................................................................................1

2 Normative References......................................................................................................................2

3 Definitions.........................................................................................................................................7

4 Standard reference conditions for budgetary quotations ..............................................................9

4.1 General..............................................................................................................................................9

4.2 Standard reference conditions ........................................................................................................9

4.2.1 Ambient condition............................................................................................................................9

4.2.2 Exhaust conditions ..........................................................................................................................9

4.2.3 Cooling water conditions (If applicable)..........................................................................................9

4.2.4 Working fluid heater or cooler.........................................................................................................9

4.2.5 Output power..................................................................................................................................10

4.2.6 Budgetary quote requirements......................................................................................................10

5 Performance at site conditions......................................................................................................10

5.1 General............................................................................................................................................10

5.2 Performance ...................................................................................................................................10

5.2.1 Site net rated power .......................................................................................................................10

5.2.2 Site net heat rate ............................................................................................................................11

5.2.3 Conditions ......................................................................................................................................11

6 Site conditions and utilities ...........................................................................................................12

6.1 Air quality .......................................................................................................................................12

6.2 Ground conditions .........................................................................................................................12

6.2.1 Seismic ...........................................................................................................................................12

6.3 Water quality...................................................................................................................................12

6.3.1 Water temperature..........................................................................................................................13

6.4 Interface and utility connection points..........................................................................................13

6.5 Gas turbine orientation due to site conditions .............................................................................13

7 Discharges and emissions to the environment ............................................................................14

7.1 General............................................................................................................................................14

7.2 Design philosophy for prevention of unplanned release of fluids...............................................14

7.3 Noise emissions.............................................................................................................................14

7.3.1 General............................................................................................................................................14

7.3.2 Methods for sound measurements and predictions.....................................................................15

7.3.3 Sound level within the gas turbine Enclosure ..............................................................................15

7.4 Exhaust emissions.........................................................................................................................15

7.4.1 General............................................................................................................................................15

7.4.2 Responsibilities..............................................................................................................................15

7.4.3 Reporting gaseous emissions.......................................................................................................15

7.4.4 Start-up emissions .........................................................................................................................16

7.5 Water or steam injection ................................................................................................................16

7.6 Post-combustion controls .............................................................................................................16

7.7 Emission monitoring......................................................................................................................16

7.7.1 Background conditions..................................................................................................................16

7.8 Water, steam and other emissions................................................................................................16

7.9 Visible plumes ................................................................................................................................17

8 Contract fuels.................................................................................................................................17

© ISO 2011 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/DIS 19859

8.1 General ...........................................................................................................................................17

8.2 Types (gas, liquids & combination)...............................................................................................17

8.3 Limits (compositions, dew point, metal contaminants, salts, particulates) ................................17

8.4 Available Supply conditions (composition, pressure, temperatures, rate of change of

conditions)......................................................................................................................................18

8.5 Alternative fuels (syngas, low calorific gas, naphtha)..................................................................18

9 Fuel systems and treatment ..........................................................................................................18

9.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................19

9.2 Pre-heating requirements for liquid fuels approaching their pour point....................................19

9.3 Pre-heating requirements for dew point control of fuel gas ........................................................19

9.4 Final filter/separator.......................................................................................................................19

9.5 Primary and secondary fuels (multi-fuel capability).....................................................................19

9.6 Start up fuel, main fuel & fuel changeover....................................................................................19

9.7 Water and steam Injection systems ..............................................................................................20

9.8 Fuel purge ......................................................................................................................................20

9.9 Storage ...........................................................................................................................................20

9.10 Fuel system pipework and vessels design ...................................................................................20

9.10.1 Fuel Pipes, Joints and Flanges .....................................................................................................20

10 National regulations, codes and standards ..................................................................................21

10.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................21

10.2 Design codes and standards.........................................................................................................21

10.3 Verification .....................................................................................................................................22

11 Operating requirements.................................................................................................................22

11.1 Operating range and limitations....................................................................................................22

11.2 Starts (time to start, number of starts, start restrictions).............................................................23

11.3 Loading/de-loading ........................................................................................................................23

11.4 Grid operational requirements ......................................................................................................24

11.5 Frequency response ......................................................................................................................24

11.6 Remote control...............................................................................................................................24

11.7 Operation documents ....................................................................................................................24

11.8 Island mode operation and black start..........................................................................................25

12 Quality assurance ..........................................................................................................................25

12.1 Quality management system .........................................................................................................25

12.1.1 Project quality organisation ..........................................................................................................25

12.1.2 Project quality planning.................................................................................................................25

12.1.3 Quality control plan........................................................................................................................26

12.1.4 Inspection and test plans...............................................................................................................26

12.2 Quality monitoring and approval...................................................................................................27

12.2.1 Sub-Contract and supply chain quality monitoring......................................................................27

12.2.2 Quality surveillance by the Purchaser ..........................................................................................27

12.2.3 Plant approvals of statutory and coded items..............................................................................27

12.2.4 Quality records...............................................................................................................................27

12.2.5 Control of non-conforming products and services ......................................................................27

12.2.6 Concessions...................................................................................................................................28

12.2.7 Plant design reviews......................................................................................................................28

13 Reliability, availability, maintainability..........................................................................................28

13.1 Basic RAM assessment .................................................................................................................28

13.1.1 Reliability........................................................................................................................................28

13.1.2 Availability......................................................................................................................................29

13.1.3 Maintainability................................................................................................................................29

13.1.4 Spares holding ...............................................................................................................................30

13.1.5 Operating logs................................................................................................................................30

13.4 Additional RAM requirements ............................................................................................................30

13.4.1 Forced Outage Factor and Equivalent Forced Outage Factor .......................................................30

13.4.2 Equivalent Availability Factor..........................................................................................................31

13.4.3 Equivalent operating hours .............................................................................................................31

14 Safety requirements.......................................................................................................................32

iv © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved
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ISO/DIS 19859

14.1 General............................................................................................................................................32

14.2 Risk assessment ............................................................................................................................32

14.3 Fire precautions .............................................................................................................................32

14.3.1 General............................................................................................................................................32

14.3.2 Enclosure fire precautions.............................................................................................................32

14.3.3 Turbine hall fire precautions..........................................................................................................32

14.3.4 Fire detection..................................................................................................................................33

14.3.5 Fire extinguishing systems............................................................................................................33

14.4 Hazardous area classification and explosion prevention and protection....................................33

14.5 Flammable gas detection...............................................................................................................33

14.6 Enclosed space access..................................................................................................................33

14.7 Containment and rupture...............................................................................................................33

14.8 Hydraulically operated safety equipment......................................................................................34

14.9 Fuel system pressure testing ........................................................................................................34

14.10 Clutch..............................................................................................................................................34

14.11 Functional safety............................................................................................................................34

14.11.1 Protection of humans.....................................................................................................................34

14.12 Hazardous material ........................................................................................................................34

14.13 Overspeed protection system testing ...........................................................................................34

14.14 Isolation valves...............................................................................................................................35

14.15 Safety padlocks and keys ..............................................................................................................35

14.16 Hazard identification and operability studies................................................................................35

15 Measurement, language, identification and standardisation .......................................................36

15.1 Units of measurement....................................................................................................................36

15.2 Contract language..........................................................................................................................36

15.3 Plant identification system, nameplates & labels .........................................................................36

15.4 Standardisation and inter-changeability .......................................................................................37

16 Corrosion prevention, painting and finishing ...............................................................................37

16.1 General requirements.....................................................................................................................37

16.2 Painting and coating ......................................................................................................................38

16.2.1 General............................................................................................................................................38

16.2.2 Type of exposure............................................................................................................................38

16.2.3 Visual Assessment of Workmanship of Surface...........................................................................39

16.2.4 Preparation of the Surface .............................................................................................................39

16.2.5 Application Procedures .................................................................................................................39

16.2.6 Paint materials................................................................................................................................40

16.2.7 Galvanized coatings.......................................................................................................................40

16.2.8 Inspections and tests.....................................................................................................................40

16.3 Galvanic effects..............................................................................................................................40

16.3.1 Materials .........................................................................................................................................40

17 Packing and transportation............................................................................................................40

17.1 Preparation .....................................................................................................................................40

17.2 Packing ...........................................................................................................................................41

17.3 Transportation................................................................................................................................42

18 Gas turbine .....................................................................................................................................42

18.1 Design requirements......................................................................................................................42

18.1.1 Life (years, hours and factored hours, starts, EOH) .....................................................................42

18.1.2 Mechanical design shaft power limitations...................................................................................42

18.1.3 Radial and Axial Clearances and Control......................................................................................43

18.1.4 Compressor....................................................................................................................................43

18.1.5 Turbine............................................................................................................................................44

18.1.6 Combustion ....................................................................................................................................44

18.1.7 Casings...........................................................................................................................................46

18.1.8 Rotor ...............................................................................................................................................46

18.1.9 Rotor standstill corrosion protection ............................................................................................47

18.1.10 Rotor overspeed capability............................................................................................................47

18.1.11 Vibration and dynamics .................................................................................................................47

18.2 Vibration acceptance limits............................................................................................................48

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18.2.1 Measurements on rotating shafts..................................................................................................48

18.2.2 Measurements on non-rotating parts............................................................................................49

18.3 Balance quality...............................................................................................................................49

18.3.1 Balance Planes...............................................................................................................................49

18.3.2 Balancing general ..........................................................................................................................49

18.3.3 Low speed balancing .....................................................................................................................49

18.3.4 High speed balancing ....................................................................................................................50

18.4 Bearings and Supports..................................................................................................................50

18.5 The lining of non-shell type bearings shall be reparable. Modified cycles .................................50

18.5.1 External air coolers and direct steam cooling ..............................................................................50

18.6 Documentation...............................................................................................................................51

18.6.1 Drawings.........................................................................................................................................51

19 Gearboxes ......................................................................................................................................51

19.1 Load gearbox .................................................................................................................................51

19.2 Auxiliary gears ...............................................................................................................................51

19.3 Balancing and vibration.................................................................................................................51

20 Air inlet system ..............................................................................................................................52

20.1 General ...........................................................................................................................................52

20.1.1 Air filter grade selection ................................................................................................................52

20.1.2 Inlet filter house .............................................................................................................................53

20.1.3 Water removal systems .................................................................................................................53

20.1.4 Inlet cooling systems.....................................................................................................................54

20.1.5 Inlet ducts and silencer..................................................................................................................54

20.1.6 Resonance of ducts, silencer or turning baffles.................................................................

...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 19859
Première édition
2016-08-15
Applications des turbines à gaz —
Exigences relatives à la production
d’énergie
Gas turbine applications — Requirements for power generation
Numéro de référence
ISO 19859:2016(F)
ISO 2016
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ISO 19859:2016(F)
DOCUMENT PROTÉGÉ PAR COPYRIGHT
© ISO 2016, Publié en Suisse

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ii © ISO 2016 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 19859:2016(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................xii

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................xiii

1 Domaine d’application ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Références normatives ................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Termes et définitions ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4 Évaluation comparative des performances dans des conditions de

référence normalisées .................................................................................................................................................................................14

4.1 Généralités ...............................................................................................................................................................................................14

4.2 Conditions de référence normalisées ...............................................................................................................................14

4.2.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................14

4.2.2 Conditions ambiantes ...............................................................................................................................................14

4.2.3 Conditions d’échappement ..................................................................................................................................14

4.2.4 Conditions de l’eau de refroidissement (le cas échéant) ...........................................................14

4.2.5 Réchauffeur ou refroidisseur du fluide moteur .................................................................................15

4.2.6 Combustible pour évaluation comparative de la performance ............................................15

5 Conditions de performance sur site ..............................................................................................................................................15

5.1 Évaluation du site ..............................................................................................................................................................................15

5.1.1 Puissance nominale in situ ...................................................................................................................................15

5.1.2 Charge minimale in situ ..........................................................................................................................................16

5.1.3 Rendement énergétique net in situ ..............................................................................................................16

5.1.4 Charge maximale in situ .........................................................................................................................................16

5.2 Conditions du site ..............................................................................................................................................................................16

5.3 Corrections ..............................................................................................................................................................................................17

6 Conditions et installations sur le site...........................................................................................................................................17

6.1 Qualité de l’air .......................................................................................................................................................................................17

6.2 Qualité de l’eau .....................................................................................................................................................................................17

6.3 Qualité de la vapeur .........................................................................................................................................................................18

6.4 Qualité de l’agent de purge ........................................................................................................................................................18

6.5 Interfaces et points de raccordement aux installations de collectivités ............................................18

6.6 Orientation de la turbine à gaz en fonction des conditions sur le site .................................................19

7 Évacuations et émissions dans l’environnement .............................................................................................................19

7.1 Généralités ...............................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.2 Philosophie de conception pour la prévention de l’émission non prévue de fluides .............20

7.3 Émissions de bruit ............................................................................................................................................................................20

7.3.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................20

7.3.2 Méthodes de mesure et de prévision du bruit ....................................................................................20

7.3.3 Niveau de bruit dans l’enceinte de la turbine à gaz ........................................................................20

7.4 Émissions d’échappement .........................................................................................................................................................21

7.4.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................21

7.4.2 Responsabilités ..............................................................................................................................................................21

7.4.3 Rapports sur les émissions ..................................................................................................................................21

7.4.4 Émissions au démarrage ........................................................................................................................................22

7.5 Contrôles de la postcombustion............................................................................................................................................22

7.6 Surveillance des émissions ........................................................................................................................................................22

7.7 Eau, vapeur et autres émissions ...........................................................................................................................................22

7.8 Panaches visibles ...............................................................................................................................................................................22

8 Combustibles contractuels ......................................................................................................................................................................23

8.1 Généralités ...............................................................................................................................................................................................23

8.2 Types (gaz, liquides et combinaison) ...............................................................................................................................23

8.3 Composition du combustible ...................................................................................................................................................23

8.4 Exigences pour l’alimentation en combustible ........................................................................................................24

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8.5 Autres combustibles (gaz synthétiques, gaz de faible pouvoir calorifique, GPL,

NGL, naphtalène, LNG, à forte teneur en hydrogène et fioul lourd) .......................................................24

9 Circuits d’alimentation et traitement ..........................................................................................................................................25

9.1 Exigences générales .........................................................................................................................................................................25

9.2 Alimentation en combustible gazeux ...............................................................................................................................26

9.3 Alimentation en combustible liquide ...............................................................................................................................26

9.4 Filtre/séparateur de combustible .......................................................................................................................................26

9.4.1 Combustible gazeux ...................................................................................................................................................26

9.4.2 Combustible liquide ...................................................................................................................................................26

9.5 Exigences de préchauffage pour le contrôle du point de rosée d’un combustible gazeux .27

9.6 Exigences de préchauffage pour les combustibles liquides s’approchant de leur

point d’écoulement .................. .........................................................................................................................................................27

9.7 Autres combustibles — fonctionnement possible avec plusieurs combustibles ........................27

9.8 Co-combustion avec un mélange de combustibles ...............................................................................................27

9.9 Combustible pour l’allumeur ...................................................................................................................................................28

9.10 Combustible de démarrage, combustible principal et changement de combustible ..............28

9.11 Systèmes d’injection d’eau et de vapeur ........................................................................................................................28

9.12 Purge du combustible, évents et dispositifs de vidange ..................................................................................28

9.13 Mesurage du circuit d’alimentation en combustible ...........................................................................................28

9.14 Conception de la tuyauterie et des récipients du circuit d’alimentation en combustible ...29

9.14.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................29

9.14.2 Tuyaux, joints et brides de combustible ...................................................................................................29

9.14.3 Tuyaux souples ...............................................................................................................................................................29

10 Réglementations, codes et normes .................................................................................................................................................29

10.1 Exigences générales .........................................................................................................................................................................29

10.2 Codes et normes de conception.............................................................................................................................................30

10.3 Vérification ..............................................................................................................................................................................................31

11 Exigences de fonctionnement ..............................................................................................................................................................31

11.1 Exigences générales .........................................................................................................................................................................31

11.2 Plage et limites de fonctionnement ....................................................................................................................................31

11.3 Démarrages (temps de démarrage, nombre de démarrages, restrictions de démarrage) .32

11.4 Prise de charge/diminution de charge ............................................................................................................................33

11.5 Exigences fonctionnelles du réseau électrique ........................................................................................................33

11.6 Réponse en fréquence ....................................................................................................................................................................33

11.7 Emplacement des commandes IHM ..................................................................................................................................33

11.8 Document d’exploitation .............................................................................................................................................................34

11.9 Fonctionnement en mode îlot et démarrage à froid ............................................................................................34

11.10 Démarrage à blanc et rétablissement à blanc du réseau .................................................................................34

12 Qualité ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................35

12.1 Système de management de la qualité ............................................................................................................................35

12.1.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................35

12.1.2 Directeur de qualité du projet ...........................................................................................................................35

12.1.3 Plan de la qualité du projet ..................................................................................................................................35

12.1.4 Plan de contrôle de la qualité .............................................................................................................................35

12.1.5 Plans de contrôle et d’essai ..................................................................................................................................36

12.2 Contrôle de la qualité et approbation...............................................................................................................................36

12.2.1 Contrôle de la qualité de la chaîne de sous-traitance et d’approvisionnement .....36

12.2.2 Contrôle de la qualité par l’acheteur ...........................................................................................................36

12.2.3 Approbations sur les éléments de l’équipement faisant l’objet d’une

réglementation ou d’un code .................. ............................................................................................................37

12.2.4 Enregistrements de contrôle de la qualité ..............................................................................................37

12.2.5 Contrôle de produits et services non conformes ..............................................................................37

12.2.6 Dérogations .......................................................................................................................................................................37

12.2.7 Révisions de conception du projet ................................................................................................................38

13 Fiabilité, disponibilité et maintenabilité (RAM) ..............................................................................................................38

13.1 Évaluation de base de la RAM .................................................................................................................................................38

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13.1.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................38

13.1.2 Fiabilité .................................................................................................................................................................................38

13.1.3 Fiabilité de démarrage .............................................................................................................................................39

13.1.4 Disponibilité......................................................................................................................................................................40

13.1.5 Maintenabilité .................................................................................................................................................................40

13.1.6 Réserve de pièces détachées ..............................................................................................................................41

13.1.7 Journaux d’exploitation...........................................................................................................................................41

13.2 Exigences supplémentaires de RAM .................................................................................................................................41

13.2.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................41

13.2.2 Facteur d’indisponibilité forcée et facteur d’indisponibilité forcée équivalent ......42

13.2.3 Facteur équivalent de disponibilité ..............................................................................................................43

13.2.4 Heures équivalentes de fonctionnement .................................................................................................44

14 Exigences de sécurité ....................................................................................................................................................................................44

14.1 Généralités ...............................................................................................................................................................................................44

14.2 Évaluation des risques...................................................................................................................................................................45

14.3 Précautions contre les incendies ..........................................................................................................................................45

14.3.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................45

14.3.2 Précautions contre l’incendie des enceintes .........................................................................................45

14.3.3 Précautions contre l’incendie dans la salle de turbines à gaz ................................................45

14.4 Classification des zones dangereuses et prévention et protection contre les explosions...46

14.5 Détection des gaz inflammables ...........................................................................................................................................46

14.6 Détecteurs de chaleur ....................................................................................................................................................................46

14.7 Détection de fumée ..........................................................................................................................................................................46

14.8 Accès aux espaces clos...................................................................................................................................................................46

14.9 Confinement et rupture ................................................................................................................................................................46

14.10 Équipement de sécurité à commande hydraulique ..............................................................................................47

14.11 Essai de pression du circuit d’alimentation ................................................................................................................47

14.12 Embrayage ...............................................................................................................................................................................................47

14.13 Sécurité fonctionnelle ....................................................................................................................................................................47

14.14 Matières dangereuses ....................................................................................................................................................................47

14.15 Essais du système de protection contre les survitesses ...................................................................................48

14.16 Fonctions d’isolation manuelles ...........................................................................................................................................48

14.17 Identification des dangers et études d’opérabilité ...............................................................................................48

15 Mesurage, langue, identification et normalisation ........................................................................................................49

15.1 Unités de mesurage ..........................................................................................................................................................................49

15.2 Langue .........................................................................................................................................................................................................49

15.2.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................49

15.2.2 Langue de la communication .............................................................................................................................49

15.2.3 Langue de la documentation ..............................................................................................................................50

15.2.4 Langue d’affichage des écrans du IHM .......................................................................................................50

15.2.5 Langue pour les étiquettes et les panneaux de signalisation .................................................50

15.3 Système d’identification de l’équipement, plaques du constructeur et étiquettes ...................50

15.4 Normalisation et interchangeabilité .................................................................................................................................51

16 Prévention contre la corrosion, peinture et finition ....................................................................................................51

16.1 Exigences générales .........................................................................................................................................................................51

16.2 Peinture et revêtement .................................................................................................................................................................52

16.2.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................52

16.2.2 Type d’exposition .........................................................................................................................................................52

16.2.3 Évaluation visuelle de la qualité de réalisation d’une surface ...............................................53

16.2.4 Préparation de la surface .......................................................................................................................................53

16.2.5 Modes opératoires d’application ....................................................................................................................54

16.2.6 Matériaux de peinture ..............................................................................................................................................54

16.2.7 Revêtements galvanisés ..........................................................................................................................................54

16.2.8 Contrôles et essais .......................................................................................................................................................55

16.3 Effets galvaniques ..............................................................................................................................................................................55

17 Conditionnement et transport ............................................................................................................................................................55

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ISO 19859:2016(F)

17.1 Préparation .............................................................................................................................................................................................55

17.2 Conditionnement ...............................................................................................................................................................................56

17.3 Transport ..................................................................................................................................................................................................57

18 Noyau de la turbine à gaz ..........................................................................................................................................................................57

18.1 Exigences de conception ..............................................................................................

...

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