Small craft — Windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and doors — Strength and watertightness requirements

This document specifies technical requirements and test methods for windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and doors on small craft with a length of hull, LH, as defined in ISO 8666:2016, of up to 24 m. It takes into account the type of craft, its design category, and the location of the appliance. The appliances considered in this document are only those that are critical for the craft's watertightness. Openings and non-opening devices fitted below area I (see 3.5.2) are excluded from the scope of this document.

Petits navires — Fenêtres, hublots, panneaux, tapes et portes — Exigences de résistance et d'étanchéité

Le présent document spécifie les exigences techniques et les méthodes d'essai pour les fenêtres, hublots, panneaux, tapes et portes sur les petits navires d'une longueur de coque LH, comme définie dans l'ISO 8666:2016, inférieure ou égale à 24 m. Il prend en compte le type de bateau, sa catégorie de conception et l'emplacement de l'équipement. Les équipements pris en compte dans le présent document sont uniquement ceux qui sont critiques pour l'étanchéité du bateau. Les dispositifs ouvrants et non-ouvrants installées en dessous de la zone I (voir le 3.5.2) sont exclus du domaine d'application du présent document.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Jul-2020
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
07-May-2020
Completion Date
31-Jul-2020
Ref Project

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 12216
Second edition
2020-07
Small craft — Windows, portlights,
hatches, deadlights and doors
— Strength and watertightness
requirements
Petits navires — Fenêtres, hublots, panneaux, tapes et portes —
Exigences de résistance et d'étanchéité
Reference number
ISO 12216:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 12216:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 12216:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 General definitions of openings and their coverings ............................................................................................. 2

3.2 Devices covering an opening ...................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.3 Plate of an appliance .......................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.4 Specific appliances ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

3.5 Areas definition ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

3.6 Plate end-connections ...................................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.7 Types of glass ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.8 Watertightness ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

3.9 Other general definitions ............................................................................................................................................................... 7

4 General requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 Requirements of other International Standards ........................................................................................................ 8

4.2 Strength of appliances ...................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.3 Watertightness of appliances ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.3.1 Minimum degree of watertightness ................................................................................................................ 8

4.3.2 Additional requirements for appliances related to watertightness..................................... 8

5 Plate materials ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Acrylic sheet materials ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3 Glass ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

5.3.1 Restrictions of usage .................................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Specific requirements of appliances ................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.1 Plate end connection and location ......................................................................................................................................... 9

6.1.1 Simply supported plates ........................................................................................................................................... . 9

6.1.2 Semi-fixed plates ...........................................................................................................................................................10

6.2 Fastening requirements ...............................................................................................................................................................10

6.2.1 Fastening of plates and frames .........................................................................................................................10

6.2.2 Fastening of semi-fixed plates ...........................................................................................................................11

6.2.3 Fastening of glued plates .......................................................................................................................................11

6.2.4 Stiffeners and attachments ..................................................................................................................................11

6.3 Special requirements ......................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.1 Appliances fitted in area I .....................................................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Appliances fitted in area IIa ................................................................................................................................13

6.3.3 Flush deck companionway opening sill heights ................................................................................14

6.3.4 Sliding appliances ........................................................................................................................................................15

6.3.5 Washboards .......................................................................................................................................................................16

6.3.6 Securing system .............................................................................................................................................................16

6.3.7 Deadlights ...........................................................................................................................................................................16

6.3.8 Multihull escape hatches........................................................................................................................................16

6.3.9 Prefabricated appliances .......................................................................................................................................17

6.3.10 Appliance systems (composite appliances) ..........................................................................................17

7 Strength assessment ......................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.1 Assessment methods for appliances strength ..........................................................................................................17

7.2 Monolithic plates — Direct calculation methods ...................................................................................................17

7.2.1 Monolithic semi-fixed plates — Direct calculation method ....................................................17

7.2.2 Selection of monolithic plate thickness.....................................................................................................18

7.2.3 Plate aspect-ratio coefficients, k and k .....................................................................................................

r f 19

7.2.4 Design pressure .............................................................................................................................................................20

7.2.5 Pressure reduction factor ......................................................................................................................................20

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 12216:2020(E)

7.2.6 Curvature coefficient .................................................................................................................................................21

7.2.7 Flexural strength and modulus of elasticity ..........................................................................................21

7.2.8 Safety factor and minimum plate thickness ..........................................................................................21

7.2.9 Monolithic simply supported on 2 sides — Direct calculation .............................................22

7.2.10 Monolithic simply supported on 3 sides — Direct calculation .............................................22

7.3 Laminated glass — Direct calculation..............................................................................................................................23

7.4 Advanced calculation method .................................................................................................................................................24

7.5 Pressure test assessment method .......................................................................................................................................24

Annex A (informative) Location areas of appliances above WL .....................................................................................25

REF

Annex B (informative) Types of plate edge connection .................................................................................................................27

Annex C (normative) Unsupported plate dimensions .....................................................................................................................29

Annex D (normative) Test methods ....................................................................................................................................................................31

Annex E (normative) High-impact-resistance glass ...........................................................................................................................38

Annex F (informative) Precalculated tables...............................................................................................................................................39

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................69

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO 12216:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be Noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188, Small craft.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 12216:2002), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— new definitions (Clause 3);
— change in watertightness requirements (4.3.1);
— change of size allowance for glazing in the hull in area I (6.3.1.1);

— change in the requirements for the use of glass in area IIa appliances (6.3.2);

— new requirements for flush deck hatches (6.3.3);
— new requirements for multihull break out panels (6.3.8);
— new definition and requirements for prefabricated appliances (6.3.9);
— new requirements for simply supported plates (7.2.9 and 7.2.10);
— new direct calculation method for laminated glass plates (7.3);

— new advanced calculation method for strength requirements on certain types of non glazed

plates (7.4);
— new requirements for pressure test (D.2.1);
— new requirements for watertightness test (D.2.2);
— new requirement for mechanical links test (Clause D.3);
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 12216:2020(E)
— change to method of separation test (D.4.3);
— new precalculated plate thickness tables (Annex F).

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
vi © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 12216:2020(E)
Small craft — Windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and
doors — Strength and watertightness requirements
1 Scope

This document specifies technical requirements and test methods for windows, portlights, hatches,

deadlights and doors on small craft with a length of hull, L , as defined in ISO 8666:2016, of up to 24 m.

It takes into account the type of craft, its design category, and the location of the appliance.

The appliances considered in this document are only those that are critical for the craft's watertightness.

Openings and non-opening devices fitted below area I (see 3.5.2) are excluded from the scope of this

document.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 6603-1:2000, Plastics — Determination of puncture impact behaviour of rigid plastics — Part 1: Non-

instrumented impact testing

ISO 11336-1:2012, Large yachts — Strength, weathertightness and watertightness of glazed openings —

Part 1: Design criteria, materials, framing and testing of independent glazed openings

ISO 11812:2020, Small craft — Watertight cockpits and quick-draining cockpits

ISO 12217-1:2015, Small craft — Stability and buoyancy assessment and categorization — Part 1: Non-

sailing boats of hull length greater than or equal to 6 m

ISO 12217-2:2015, Small craft — Stability and buoyancy assessment and categorization — Part 2: Sailing

boats of hull length greater than or equal to 6 m

ISO 12217-3:2015, Small craft — Stability and buoyancy assessment and categorization — Part 3: Boats of

hull length less than 6 m

EN 356:1999, Glass in building — Security glazing — Testing and classification of resistance against

manual attack

EN 1063:1999, Glass in building — Security glazing — Testing and classification of resistance against

bullet attack
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 12216:2020(E)
3.1 General definitions of openings and their coverings
3.1.1
opening
cut-out in the shell of a craft such as in the hull or superstructures

Note 1 to entry: An opening is usually covered by a glazing or an appliance, that can be fixed or opening.

3.1.2
clear opening dimensions

dimensions of the area within a structure or frame, through which objects or people may pass when the

incorporated plate is disregarded
3.2 Devices covering an opening
3.2.1
appliance

device made of a plate (3.3.1) and its associated framing, opening (hingeing) and fixture systems,

when included, used to cover an opening in the hull, deck or superstructure of a boat; it can be fixed or

openable (detachable, hinged, sliding, folding, etc.)

EXAMPLE Windows (3.4.1), portlights (3.4.2), hatches (3.4.3), deadlights (3.4.7), doors (3.4.6), sliding

appliances (3.2.5), escape hatches.
3.2.2
fixed appliance
non opening appliance (3.2.1)
3.2.3
opening appliance
appliance (3.2.1) that can be opened
3.2.4
hinged appliance
opening appliance (3.2.3) that is connected to its framing by hinges
3.2.5
sliding appliance

opening appliance (3.2.3) which opens by sliding in line with its area, in any plane, where the plate either

slides in a rabbet or a frame or is fixed in a sliding frame
3.2.6
composite appliance

system comprising appliances (3.2.1) [e.g. portlights (3.4.2)] situated within plates (3.3.1) that are

themselves affixed to the vessel by direct bonding or mechanical fastening
3.3 Plate of an appliance
3.3.1
plate

sheet of material, transparent or not, that is attached to the boat structure either directly or indirectly,

fixed or opening
3.3.2
stiffened plate
plate (3.3.1) with associated structural stiffeners
3.3.3
non-stiffened plate
plate (3.3.1) not equipped with associated structural stiffeners
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 12216:2020(E)
3.3.4
unsupported dimensions of a plate
clear dimensions between the inner edges of supports bearing the plate (3.3.1)

Note 1 to entry: These dimensions can be different from the opening (3.1.1) dimensions in the shell, because a

plate can be fixed in either a fixed or opening framing.
Note 2 to entry: See Annexes B and C.
3.3.5
glazing
plate (3.3.1)that is transparent or translucent
3.3.6
sandwich plate
plate (3.3.1) having an inner core covered on each side by a working skin
3.4 Specific appliances
3.4.1
window
glazed appliance (3.2.1)
3.4.2
portlight

framed window (3.4.1), fixed or opening, located in the hull or transom below deck which, where

openable, is hinged and opens inwards
3.4.3
hatch

opening appliance (3.2.3), glazed or not glazed, used for access, lighting, inspection, ventilation or reach,

located on any part of the shell
3.4.4
fire escape hatch
escape hatch

hatch (3.4.3) intended or dedicated to provide an exit for people and designated means of escape

Note 1 to entry: See ISO 9094:2015 for definitions and requirements.
3.4.5
multihull escape hatch

appliance (3.2.1) allowing a viable means of escape in the event of inversion for multihulls vulnerable to

inversion
Note 1 to entry: See ISO 12217-1:2015, ISO 12217-2:2015 and ISO 12217-3:2015.

Note 2 to entry: As this appliance is not normally totally immersed in the upright and inverted position, it is

usually fitted below deck level on the hull side, nacelle or crossarm bottom, or transom.

3.4.6
door

opening appliance (3.2.3) up to 45° from the vertical intended to close a companionway opening (3.1.1)

EXAMPLE Door open at sea, door not open at sea, hinged door, sliding door.
3.4.7
deadlight

secondary watertight appliance (3.2.1), permanently attached or separate and fitted to the inside of a

window (3.4.1)
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 12216:2020(E)
3.4.8
washboard

opening appliance (3.2.3) for companionway openings (3.1.1) made of one or more mobile board(s) that,

when closed, are stacked one on top of each other
Note 1 to entry: This device is frequently found on sailing monohulls.

Note 2 to entry: Boards are added as the weather worsens to constitute a higher sill.

3.5 Areas definition
3.5.1
appliance location area

area of the watertight envelope of the craft where the appliance (3.2.1) is fitted

Note 1 to entry: See Annex A for sketches showing examples of appliance location areas.

3.5.2
area I
lower hull sides

part of the hull sides (and transom) situated above reference waterline (3.9.5), i.e. up the sheerline to its

intersection with the weather deck (for decked craft), or the upper edge of the hull (for open craft or

partially decked craft), but only to the following upper boundary:

— a horizontal line located at the height h above waterline in the rear half of the waterline (see

Figure 1);

— a sloped line having a height h at mid waterline, and a height 1,2h at the front end of the

S S
waterline, with
— h = L /12 for sailing monohulls,
S H

— h = L /17 for motor boats, sailing catamarans and central hull of sailing trimarans

S H
where h is limited as per Table 1
Table 1 — h limits of area 1
Design category h higher limit h lower limit
S S
A No limit 0,5 m
B No limit 0,4 m
C 0,75 m 0,3 m
D 0,40 m 0,2 m

Note 1 to entry: The outer hulls of sailing trimarans are considered to be entirely in area I.

4 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO 12216:2020(E)
Key
1 area I
2 area II b
Figure 1 — Limits of areas I and II b
3.5.3
area II a

area, other than area I (3.5.2), where persons are liable to walk or step, such as decks, superstructures,

cockpit soles, at an inclination of less than 25° to the horizontal in a longitudinal direction, and at

an inclination of less than 50° to the horizontal in the transversal direction respectively for sailing

monohulls, or 25° for multihulls.
3.5.4
area II b
upper hull side
areas from the hull sides (and transom) not belonging to area I (3.5.2)

Note 1 to entry: The following areas may be included if they correspond to the definition:

— rear faces of transverse girders of multihulls when located above the waterline.

Note 2 to entry: Areas on which people may stand or step, even inadvertently, are part of area II a (3.5.3).

EXAMPLE 1 Top of sailboat coachroof on which one may stand or attend to sails.

Note 3 to entry: Superstructure areas on which people cannot normally stand or step, are not part of area II a, but

area III (3.5.5).

EXAMPLE 2 Top of motorboat wheelhouse is an area on which people cannot normally stand or step.

3.5.5
area III
deck and superstructures exposed areas

areas, other than area I (3.5.2), area IIa (3.5.3) or area IIb (3.5.4), exposed to the direct impact of sea or

slamming waves coming from front and side
3.5.6
area IV
deck and superstructure protected areas

parts of area III (3.5.5) protected from the direct impact of sea or slamming waves coming from front

and side, and not located within L /3 from the bow
EXAMPLE Cockpits, rear and side faces of superstructures.

Note 1 to entry: Areas other than the ones given in the example can be included in area IV. The protection against

impact from the sea is the responsibility of the manufacturer.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 12216:2020(E)
3.6 Plate end-connections
See Annex B for sketches showing examples of types of plate end-connection.
3.6.1
semi-fixed plate
SF plate

plate (3.3.1) fixed to restrict deflection and to prevent lateral movement at its boundaries

EXAMPLE Unframed or framed plate, if bolted and/or glued.
3.6.2
simply supported plate
SS plate

plate (3.3.1) that can deflect at its boundaries and/or perform a lateral movement

EXAMPLE Unframed plate, whether hinged or sliding, e.g. frameless sliding windows and hatches (3.4.3) ,

including companionway sliding hatches, companionway ladderboards, frameless hinged windows.

3.6.3
flexibly connected plate

simply supported plate (3.6.2) where the connection is achieved by an elastic support around the

perimeter of the plate

Note 1 to entry: A car windscreen joint, shown in Figure B.3, is a flexibly connected plate where there is no

overlap between the plate and its support, hence the plate can be pushed in the boat by the outside pressure.

3.7 Types of glass
3.7.1
annealed glass
sheet glass

glass as delivered directly from the fabrication cycle without subsequent treatment

3.7.2
thermally tempered glass
TG glass
glass where better mechanical properties are obtained by thermal treatment
3.7.3
chemically reinforced glass
glass where better mechanical properties are obtained by chemical treatment
3.7.4
monolithic glass
glass consisting of one ply
3.7.5
laminated glass

multi-layer sheet having glass as outer plies, where the inside plies are made of plastic inter-layers,

plastic sheets, glass, or other glazing material
3.8 Watertightness
3.8.1
watertightness

capacity of an appliance or a fitting to prevent ingress of water inside the boat

6 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 12216:2020(E)
3.8.2
degree of watertightness

capacity of an appliance or fitting to resist ingress of water, according to the conditions of exposure

to water
Note 1 to entry: See Table 2.
Table 2 — Definitions of the degrees of watertightness
Degree of watertightness Definition
1 (waterproof) Constructed to withstand continuous immersion

2 (watertight) Constructed to prevent ingress of water when tested according to D.2

3 (weathertight) Constructed to minimize seepage when tested according to D.2.2.1

Protection against water drops falling at an angle of up to 15° from the
4 (spraytight)
vertical according to D.2.2.2
3.9 Other general definitions
3.9.1
craft
small craft

recreational boat, and other watercraft using similar equipment, of up to 24 m length of hull (L )

Note 1 to entry: The length of hull is defined in ISO 8666:2016.
3.9.2
design category

description of the sea and wind conditions for which a boat is assessed to be suitable

Note 1 to entry: See also ISO 12217-1:2015.
3.9.3
sailing boat
craft (3.9.1) for which the primary means of propulsion is by wind power
Note 1 to entry: See also ISO 8666:2016.
3.9.4
motor boat

non-sailing craft (3.9.1) upon which the main propulsion system is a propulsion engine

3.9.5
reference waterline
REF
level of the water on the hull in the fully loaded, ready-for-use condition

Note 1 to entry: The fully loaded, ready-for-use condition is defined in ISO 8666:2016.

3.9.6
prefabricated appliance
component that is commercially available and has been type tested to
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 12216
ISO/TC 188
Small craft — Windows, portlights,
Secretariat: SIS
hatches, deadlights and doors
Voting begins on:
2019­12­24 — Strength and watertightness
requirements
Voting terminates on:
2020­02­18
Petits navires — Fenêtres, hublots, panneaux, tapes et portes —
Exigences de résistance et d'étanchéité
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO­
ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN­
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH­1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 General definitions of openings and their coverings ............................................................................................. 2

3.2 Devices covering an opening ...................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.3 Plate of an appliance .......................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.4 Specific appliances ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

3.5 Areas definition ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

3.6 Plate end­connections ...................................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.7 Types of glass ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.8 Watertightness ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

3.9 Other general definitions ............................................................................................................................................................... 7

4 General requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 Requirements of other International Standards ........................................................................................................ 8

4.2 Strength of appliances ...................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.3 Watertightness of appliances ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.3.1 Minimum degree of watertightness ................................................................................................................ 8

4.3.2 Additional requirements for appliances related to watertightness..................................... 8

5 Plate materials ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Acrylic sheet materials ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3 Glass ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

5.3.1 Restrictions of usage .................................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Specific requirements of appliances ................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.1 Plate end connection and location ......................................................................................................................................... 9

6.1.1 Simply supported plates ........................................................................................................................................... . 9

6.1.2 Semi-fixed plates ...........................................................................................................................................................10

6.2 Fastening requirements ...............................................................................................................................................................10

6.2.1 Fastening of plates and frames .........................................................................................................................10

6.2.2 Fastening of semi-fixed plates ...........................................................................................................................11

6.2.3 Fastening of glued plates .......................................................................................................................................11

6.2.4 Stiffeners and attachments ..................................................................................................................................11

6.3 Special requirements ......................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.1 Appliances fitted in area I .....................................................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Appliances fitted in area IIa ................................................................................................................................13

6.3.3 Flush deck companionway opening sill heights ................................................................................14

6.3.4 Sliding appliances ........................................................................................................................................................15

6.3.5 Doors made with removable sections: washboards.......................................................................16

6.3.6 Securing system .............................................................................................................................................................16

6.3.7 Deadlights ...........................................................................................................................................................................16

6.3.8 Multihull escape hatches........................................................................................................................................16

6.3.9 Prefabricated appliances .......................................................................................................................................17

6.3.10 Appliance systems (composite appliances) ..........................................................................................17

7 Strength assessment ......................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.1 Assessment methods for appliances strength ..........................................................................................................17

7.2 Monolithic plates — Direct calculation methods ...................................................................................................17

7.2.1 Monolithic semi-fixed plates — Direct calculation method ....................................................17

7.2.2 Selection of monolithic plate thickness.....................................................................................................18

7.2.3 Plate aspect-ratio coefficients, k and k .....................................................................................................

r f 19

7.2.4 Design pressure .............................................................................................................................................................20

7.2.5 Pressure reduction factor ......................................................................................................................................20

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ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)

7.2.6 Curvature coefficient .................................................................................................................................................21

7.2.7 Flexural strength and modulus of elasticity ..........................................................................................21

7.2.8 Safety factor and minimum plate thickness ..........................................................................................21

7.3 Laminated glass — Direct calculation..............................................................................................................................23

7.4 Advanced calculation method .................................................................................................................................................24

7.5 Pressure test assessment method .......................................................................................................................................24

Annex A (informative) Location areas of appliances above WL .....................................................................................25

REF

Annex B (informative) Types of plate edge connection .................................................................................................................27

Annex C (normative) Unsupported plate dimensions .....................................................................................................................29

Annex D (normative) Test methods ....................................................................................................................................................................31

Annex E (normative) High-impact-resistance glass ...........................................................................................................................38

Annex F (informative) Precalculated tables...............................................................................................................................................39

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2013/53/EU aimed to be covered ............................................................................69

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................70

iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non­governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be Noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188, Small craft.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 12216:2002), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— new definitions (Clause 3);
— change in watertightness requirements (4.3.1);
— change of size allowance for glazing in the hull in area I (6.3.1.1);

— change in the requirements for the use of glass in area IIa appliances (6.3.2);

— new requirements for flush deck hatches (6.3.3);
— new requirements for multihull break out panels (6.3.8);
— new definition and requirements for prefabricated appliances (6.3.9);
— new requirements for simply supported plates (7.2.9 and 7.2.10);
— new direct calculation method for laminated glass plates (7.3);

— new advanced calculation method for strength requirements on certain types of non glazed

plates (7.4);
— pressure test has new requirements (D.2.1);
— watertightness test has new requirements (D.2.2);
— new requirement for mechanical links test (Clause D.3);
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
— change to method of separation test (D.4.3);
— new precalculated plate thickness tables (Annex F).

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
vi © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
Small craft — Windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and
doors — Strength and watertightness requirements
1 Scope

This document specifies technical requirements and test methods for windows, portlights, hatches,

deadlights and doors on small craft with a length of hull, L , as defined in ISO 8666, of up to 24 m. It

takes into account the type of craft, its design category, and the location of the appliance.

The appliances considered in this document are only those that are critical for the craft's watertightness.

Openings and non-opening devices fitted below area I (see 3.5.2) are excluded from the scope of this

document.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 6603­1:2000, Plastics — Determination of puncture impact behaviour of rigid plastics — Part 1: Non-

instrumented impact testing

ISO 11336­1:2012, Large yachts — Strength, weathertightness and watertightness of glazed openings —

Part 1: Design criteria, materials, framing and testing of independent glazed openings

ISO 11812:— , Small craft — Watertight cockpits and quick-draining cockpits

ISO 12217­1:2015, Small craft — Stability and buoyancy assessment and categorization — Part 1: Non-

sailing boats of hull length greater than or equal to 6 m

ISO 12217­2:2015, Small craft — Stability and buoyancy assessment and categorization — Part 2: Sailing

boats of hull length greater than or equal to 6 m

ISO 12217­3:2015, Small craft — Stability and buoyancy assessment and categorization — Part 3: Boats of

hull length less than 6 m

EN 356:1999, Glass in building — Security glazing — Testing and classification of resistance against

manual attack

EN 1063:1999, Glass in building — Security glazing — Testing and classification of resistance against

bullet attack
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
1) Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: ISO/FDIS 11812:2019.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
3.1 General definitions of openings and their coverings
3.1.1
opening
cut­out in the shell of a craft such as in the hull or superstructures

Note 1 to entry: An opening is usually covered by a glazing or an appliance, that can be fixed or opening.

3.1.2
clear opening dimensions

dimensions of the area within a structure or frame, through which objects or people may pass when the

incorporated plate is disregarded
3.2 Devices covering an opening
3.2.1
appliance

device made of a plate (3.3.1) and its associated framing, opening (3.1.1) and fixture systems, when

included, used to cover an opening in the hull, deck or superstructure of a boat; it can be fixed or

openable (detachable, hinged, sliding, folding, etc.)

EXAMPLE Windows (3.4.1), portlights (3.4.2), hatches (3.4.3), deadlights (3.4.7), doors (3.4.6), sliding

appliances (3.2.5), escape hatches.
3.2.2
fixed appliance
non opening appliance (3.2.1)
3.2.3
opening appliance
appliance (3.2.1) that can be opened
3.2.4
hinged appliance
opening appliance (3.2.3) that is connected to its framing by hinges
3.2.5
sliding appliance

opening appliance (3.2.3) which opens by sliding in line with its area, in any plane, where the plate either

slides in a rabbet or a frame or is fixed in a sliding frame
3.2.6
composite appliance

system comprising appliances (3.2.1)[portlights (3.4.2)] situated within plates (3.3.1) that are themselves

affixed to the vessel by direct bonding or mechanical fastening
3.3 Plate of an appliance
3.3.1
plate

sheet of material, transparent or not, that is attached to the boat structure either directly or indirectly,

fixed or opening
3.3.2
stiffened plate
plate (3.3.1) with associated structural stiffeners
3.3.3
non-stiffened plate
plate (3.3.1) not equipped with associated structural stiffeners
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ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
3.3.4
unsupported dimensions of a plate
clear dimensions between the inner edges of supports bearing the plate (3.3.1)

Note 1 to entry: These dimensions can be different from the opening (3.1.1) dimensions in the shell, because a

plate can be fixed in either a fixed or opening framing.
Note 2 to entry: See Annexes B and C.
3.3.5
glazing
plate (3.3.1)that is transparent or translucent
3.3.6
sandwich plate
plate (3.3.1) havimg an inner core covered on each side by a working skin
3.4 Specific appliances
3.4.1
window
glazed appliance (3.2.1)
3.4.2
portlight

framed window (3.4.1), fixed or opening, located in the hull or transom below deck which, where

openable, is hinged and opens inwards
3.4.3
hatch

opening appliance (3.2.3), glazed or not glazed, used for access, lighting, inspection, ventilation or reach,

located on any part of the shell
3.4.4
fire escape hatch
escape hatch

hatch (3.4.3) intended or dedicated to provide an exit for people and designated means of escape

Note 1 to entry: See ISO 9094:2015 for definitions and requirements.
3.4.5
multihull escape hatch

appliance (3.2.1) allowing a viable means of escape in the event of inversion for multihulls vulnerable to

inversion
Note 1 to entry: See ISO 12217-1:2015, ISO 12217-2:2015 and ISO 12217-3:2015.

Note 2 to entry: As this appliance is not normally totally immersed in the upright and inverted position, it is

usually fitted below deck level on the hull side, nacelle or crossarm bottom, or transom.

3.4.6
door

opening appliance (3.2.3) up to 45° from the vertical intended to close a companionway opening (3.1.1)

EXAMPLE Door open at sea, door not open at sea, hinged door, sliding door.
3.4.7
deadlight

secondary watertight appliance (3.2.1), permanently attached or separate and fitted to the inside of a

window (3.4.1)
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ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
3.4.8
washboard

opening appliance (3.2.3) for companionway openings (3.1.1)made of several mobile boards that, when

closed, are stacked one on top of each other
Note 1 to entry: This is a very frequent device on sailing monohulls.

Note 2 to entry: Boards are added as the weather worsens to constitute a higher sill.

3.5 Areas definition
3.5.1
appliance location area

area of the watertight envelope of the craft where the appliance (3.2.1) is fitted

Note 1 to entry: See Annex A for sketches showing examples of appliance location areas.

3.5.2
area I
lower hull sides

part of the hull sides (and transom) situated above reference waterline (3.9.5), i.e. up the sheerline to its

intersection with the weather deck (for decked craft), or the upper edge of the hull (for open craft or

partially decked craft), but only to the following upper boundary:

— a horizontal line located at the height h above waterline in the rear half of the waterline (see

Figure 1);

— a sloped line having a height h at mid waterline, and a height 1,2h at the front end of the

S S
waterline, with
— h = L /12 for sailing monohulls,
S H

— h = L /17 for motor boats, sailing catamarans and central hull of sailing trimarans

S H
where h is limited as per Table 1
Table 1 — h limits of area 1
Design category h higher limit h lower limit
S S
A No limit 0,5 m
B No limit 0,4 m
C 0,75 m 0,3 m
D 0,40 m 0,2 m

Note 1 to entry: The outer hulls of sailing trimarans are considered to be entirely in area I.

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ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
Key
1 area I
2 area II b
Figure 1 — Limits of areas I and II b
3.5.3
area II a

area, other than area I (3.5.2), where persons are liable to walk or step, such as decks, superstructures,

cockpit soles, at an inclination of less than 25° to the horizontal in a longitudinal direction, and at

an inclination of less than 50° to the horizontal in the transversal direction respectively for sailing

monohulls, or 25° for multihulls.
3.5.4
area II b
upper hull side
areas from the hull sides (and transom) not belonging to area I (3.5.2)

Note 1 to entry: The following areas may be included if they correspond to the definition:

— rear faces of transverse girders of multihulls when located above the waterline.

Note 2 to entry: Areas on which people may stand or step, even inadvertently, are part of area II a (3.5.3).

EXAMPLE 1 Top of sailboat coachroof on which one may stand or attend to sails.

Note 3 to entry: Superstructure areas on which people may not normally stand or step, are not part of area II a,

but area III (3.5.5).
EXAMPLE 2 Top of motorboat wheelhouse is out of normal working deck areas.
3.5.5
area III
deck and superstructures exposed areas
areas other than area I (3.5.2), area IIa (3.5.3) or area IIb (3.5.4)
3.5.6
area IV
deck and superstructure protected areas

parts of area III (3.5.5) protected from the direct impact of sea or slamming waves coming from front

and side, and not located within L /3 from the bow
EXAMPLE Cockpits, rear and side faces of superstructures.

Note 1 to entry: Areas other than the ones given in the example can be included in area IV. The protection against

impact from the sea is the responsibility of the manufacturer.
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ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
3.6 Plate end-connections
See Annex B for sketches showing examples of types of plate end-connection.
3.6.1
semi-fixed plate
SF plate

plate (3.3.1) fixed to restrict deflection and to prevent lateral movement at its boundaries

EXAMPLE Unframed or framed plate, if bolted and/or glued.
3.6.2
simply supported plate
SS plate

plate (3.3.1) that can deflect at its boundaries and/or perform a lateral movement

EXAMPLE Unframed plate, whether hinged or sliding, e.g. frameless sliding windows and hatches (3.4.3) ,

including companionway sliding hatches, companionway ladderboards, frameless hinged windows.

3.6.3
flexibly connected plate

simply supported plate (3.6.2) where the connection is achieved by an elastic support around the

perimeter of the plate

Note 1 to entry: A car windscreen joint, shown in Figure B.3, is a flexibly connected plate where there is no

overlap between the plate and its support, hence the plate can be pushed in the boat by the outside pressure.

3.7 Types of glass
3.7.1
annealed glass
sheet glass

glass as delivered directly from the fabrication cycle without subsequent treatment

3.7.2
thermally tempered glass
TG glass
glass where better mechanical properties are obtained by thermal treatment
3.7.3
chemically reinforced glass
glass where better mechanical properties are obtained by chemical treatment
3.7.4
monolithic glass
glass consisting of one ply
3.7.5
laminated glass

multi-layer sheet having glass as outer plies, where the inside plies are made of plastic inter-layers,

plastic sheets, glass, or other glazing material
3.8 Watertightness
3.8.1
watertightness

capacity of an appliance or a fitting to prevent ingress of water inside the boat

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ISO/FDIS 12216:2019(E)
3.8.2
degree of watertightness

capacity of an appliance or fitting to resist ingress of water, according to the conditions of exposure

to water
Note 1 to entry: See Table 2.
Table 2 — Definitions of the degrees of watertightness
Degree of watertightness Definition
1 (waterproof) Constructed to withstand continuous immersion

2 (watertight) Constructed to prevent ingress of water when tested according to D.2

3 (weathertight) Constructed to minimize seepage when tested according to D.2.2.1

Protection against water drops falling at an angle of up to 15° from the
4 (spraytight)
vertical according to D.2.2.2
3.9 Other general definitions
3.9.1
craft
small craft

recreational boat, and other watercraft using similar equipment, of up to 24 m length of hull (L )

Note 1 to entry: The length of hull is defined in ISO 8666.
3.9.2
design category

description of the sea and wind conditions for which a boat is assessed to be suitable

Note
...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 12216
Deuxième édition
2020-07
Petits navires — Fenêtres, hublots,
panneaux, tapes et portes — Exigences
de résistance et d'étanchéité
Small craft — Windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and doors —
Strength and watertightness requirements
Numéro de référence
ISO 12216:2020(F)
ISO 2020
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ISO 12216:2020(F)
DOCUMENT PROTÉGÉ PAR COPYRIGHT
© ISO 2020

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ii © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 12216:2020(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Domaine d'application ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Références normatives ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Termes et définitions ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Définitions générales des ouvertures et de leurs moyens de couverture ............................................ 2

3.2 Dispositifs recouvrant une ouverture ................................................................................................................................. 2

3.3 Plaque d’un équipement ................................................................................................................................................................. 2

3.4 Équipements particuliers .............................................................................................................................................................. 3

3.5 Définition des zones ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

3.6 Liaisons d’extrémités des plaques ......................................................................................................................................... 6

3.7 Types de verre ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.8 Étanchéité .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

3.9 Autres définitions générales ....................................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Exigences générales .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 Exigences d'autres normes internationales ................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 Résistance des équipements ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.3 Étanchéité des équipements ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.3.1 Degré minimal d'étanchéité ................................................................................................................................... 8

4.3.2 Exigences supplémentaires relatives à l’étanchéité .......................................................................... 9

5 Matériau des plaques ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.1 Dispositions générales ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Feuilles en résine acryliques ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3 Verre ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

5.3.1 Restrictions d’utilisation ........................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Exigences particulières pour les équipements ..................................................................................................................10

6.1 Liaison aux extrémités des plaques et emplacement .........................................................................................10

6.1.1 Plaques appuyées .........................................................................................................................................................10

6.1.2 Plaques semi-encastrées ........................................................................................................................................10

6.2 Exigences relatives à la fixation .............................................................................................................................................11

6.2.1 Fixation des plaques et des encadrements ............................................................................................11

6.2.2 Fixation des plaques semi-encastrées ........................................................................................................11

6.2.3 Fixation des plaques collées ...............................................................................................................................11

6.2.4 Raidisseurs et liaison ................................................................................................................................................12

6.3 Exigences particulières .................................................................................................................................................................12

6.3.1 Équipements installés en zone I ......................................................................................................................12

6.3.2 Équipements installés en zone II a ..............................................................................................................13

6.3.3 Hauteurs de surbau des panneaux de descente à plat pont affleurant

(«flush deck») ..................................................................................................................................................................15

6.3.4 Équipements coulissants .......................................................................................................................................16

6.3.5 Planches de descente ................................................................................................................................................16

6.3.6 Système de verrouillage..........................................................................................................................................17

6.3.7 Tapes .......................................................................................................................................................................................17

6.3.8 Trappe d’échappée des multicoques ..........................................................................................................17

6.3.9 Équipements préfabriqués ...................................................................................................................................17

6.3.10 Systèmes d’équipement (équipements composites) .....................................................................18

7 Évaluation de la résistance .....................................................................................................................................................................18

7.1 Méthodes d'évaluation de la résistance des équipements .............................................................................18

7.2 Plaques monolithiques – Méthodes de calcul direct ...........................................................................................18

7.2.1 Plaques monolithiques semi-encastrées – calcul direct .............................................................18

7.2.2 Sélection de l'épaisseur d'une plaque monolithique .....................................................................19

7.2.3 Coefficient d’allongement des plaques k et k ...................................................................................20

r f

7.2.4 Pression de conception ...........................................................................................................................................21

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ISO 12216:2020(F)

7.2.5 Facteur de réduction de pression ...................................................................................................................21

7.2.6 Coefficient de courbure ...........................................................................................................................................22

7.2.7 Contrainte de rupture en flexion et module d'élasticité .............................................................22

7.2.8 Facteur de sécurité et épaisseur minimale de la plaque ............................................................22

7.2.9 Plaque monolithique appuyée sur 2 côtés - Calcul direct .........................................................23

7.2.10 Plaque monolithique appuyée sur 3 côtés - Calcul direct .........................................................23

7.3 Verre feuilleté - Calcul direct ....................................................................................................................................................24

7.4 Méthode de calcul avancée ........................................................................................................................................................25

7.5 Méthode d’évaluation par essai de pression ..............................................................................................................25

Annexe A (informative) Zones d'emplacement des équipements au-dessus de WL ................................26

REF

Annexe B (informative) Types de liaisons d'extrémités d’une plaque ...........................................................................28

Annexe C (normative) Dimensions entre appuis d’une plaque .............................................................................................30

Annexe D (normative) Méthodes d'essai .......................................................................................................................................................32

Annexe E (normative) Verre à haute résistance aux chocs .........................................................................................................40

Annexe F (informative) Tableaux de valeurs précalculées .........................................................................................................41

Bibliographie ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................71

iv © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 12216:2020(F)
Avant-propos

L'ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération mondiale d'organismes

nationaux de normalisation (comités membres de l'ISO). L'élaboration des Normes internationales est

en général confiée aux comités techniques de l'ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une étude

a le droit de faire partie du comité technique créé à cet effet. Les organisations internationales,

gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, en liaison avec l'ISO participent également aux travaux.

L'ISO collabore étroitement avec la Commission électrotechnique internationale (IEC) en ce qui

concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.

Les procédures utilisées pour élaborer le présent document et celles destinées à sa mise à jour sont

décrites dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 1. Il convient, en particulier de prendre note des différents

critères d'approbation requis pour les différents types de documents ISO. Le présent document a été

rédigé conformément aux règles de rédaction données dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 2 (voir www

.iso .org/ directives).

L'attention est attirée sur le fait que certains des éléments du présent document peuvent faire l'objet de

droits de propriété intellectuelle ou de droits analogues. L'ISO ne saurait être tenue pour responsable

de ne pas avoir identifié de tels droits de propriété et averti de leur existence. Les détails concernant

les références aux droits de propriété intellectuelle ou autres droits analogues identifiés lors de

l'élaboration du document sont indiqués dans l'Introduction et/ou dans la liste des déclarations de

brevets reçues par l'ISO (voir www .iso .org/ brevets).

Les appellations commerciales éventuellement mentionnées dans le présent document sont données

pour information, par souci de commodité, à l’intention des utilisateurs et ne sauraient constituer un

engagement.

Pour une explication de la nature volontaire des normes, la signification des termes et expressions

spécifiques de l'ISO liés à l'évaluation de la conformité, ou pour toute information au sujet de l'adhésion

de l'ISO aux principes de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) concernant les obstacles

techniques au commerce (OTC), voir le lien suivant : www .iso .org/ iso/ fr/ avant -propos.

Le présent document a été élaboré par le comité technique ISO/TC 188, Petits navires.

Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition (ISO 12216:2002), qui a fait l’objet d’une

révision technique.

Les principales modifications par rapport à l’édition précédente sont les suivantes:

— nouvelles définitions (Article 3);
— modifications des exigences d’étanchéité (4.3.1);

— modifications des dimensions admissibles pour un vitrage dans la zone I de la coque (6.3.1.1);

— modifications des exigences d’utilisation du verre dans les équipements en zone IIa (6.3.2);

— nouvelles exigences pour les panneaux de pont affleurant (6.3.3);

— nouvelles exigences pour les panneaux de survie à casser des multicoques (6.3.8);

— nouvelles définitions et exigences pour les équipements préfabriqués (6.3.9);
— nouvelles exigences pour les plaques appuyées (7.2.9 et 7.2.10);
— nouvelle méthode de calcul direct pour les plaques en verre feuilleté (7.3);

— nouvelle méthode avancée de calcul pour les exigences de résistances pour certains types de plaques

non vitrées (7.4);
— nouvelles exigences pour l’essai de pression (D.2.1);
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ISO 12216:2020(F)
— nouvelles exigences pour l'essai d’étanchéité (D.2.2);
— nouvelle exigence pour l’essai des liens mécaniques (Article D.3);
— modification de l’essai de séparation (D.4.3);
— nouveaux tableaux précalculés d’épaisseur des plaques (Annexe F).

Il convient que l’utilisateur adresse tout retour d’information ou toute question concernant le présent

document à l’organisme national de normalisation de son pays. Une liste exhaustive desdits organismes

se trouve à l’adresse www .iso .org/ fr/ members .html.
vi © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
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NORME INTERNATIONALE ISO 12216:2020(F)
Petits navires — Fenêtres, hublots, panneaux, tapes et
portes — Exigences de résistance et d'étanchéité
1 Domaine d'application

Le présent document spécifie les exigences techniques et les méthodes d’essai pour les fenêtres,

hublots, panneaux, tapes et portes sur les petits navires d’une longueur de coque L , comme définie

dans l’ISO 8666:2016, inférieure ou égale à 24 m. Il prend en compte le type de bateau, sa catégorie de

conception et l'emplacement de l'équipement.

Les équipements pris en compte dans le présent document sont uniquement ceux qui sont critiques

pour l'étanchéité du bateau.

Les dispositifs ouvrants et non-ouvrants installées en dessous de la zone I (voir le 3.5.2) sont exclus du

domaine d’application du présent document.
2 Références normatives

Les documents suivants cités dans le texte constituent, pour tout ou partie de leur contenu, des

exigences du présent document. Pour les références datées, seule l'édition citée s'applique. Pour les

références non datées, la dernière édition du document de référence s'applique (y compris les éventuels

amendements).

ISO 6603-1:2000, Plastiques — Détermination du comportement des plastiques rigides perforés sous l'effet

d'un choc — Partie 1: Essais de choc non instrumentés

ISO 11336-1:2012, Grands yachts — Résistance, étanchéité aux intempéries et étanchéité à l'eau des

ouvertures vitrées — Partie 1: Critères de conception, matériaux, encadrement et essais des ouvertures

vitrées indépendantes

ISO 11812:2020, Petits navires — Cockpits étanches et cockpits rapidement autovideurs

ISO 12217-1:2015, Petits navires — Évaluation et catégorisation de la stabilité et de la flottabilité — Partie

1: Bateaux à propulsion non vélique d'une longueur de coque supérieure ou égale à 6 m

ISO 12217-2:2015, Petits navires — Évaluation et catégorisation de la stabilité et de la flottabilité — Partie

2: Bateaux à voiles d'une longueur de coque supérieure ou égale à 6 m

ISO 12217-3:2015, Petits navires — Évaluation et catégorisation de la stabilité et de la flottabilité — Partie

3: Bateaux d'une longueur de coque inférieure à 6 m

EN 356:1999, Verre dans la construction — Vitrage de sécurité — Mise à essai et classification de la

résistance à l’attaque manuelle

EN 1063:1999, Verre dans la construction — Vitrage de sécurité — Mise à essai et classification de la

résistance à l’attaque par balle
3 Termes et définitions

Pour les besoins du présent document, les termes et définitions suivants s'appliquent.

L'ISO et l'IEC tiennent à jour des bases de données terminologiques destinées à être utilisées en

normalisation, consultables aux adresses suivantes:

— ISO Online browsing platform: disponible à l'adresse https:// www .iso .org/ obp

© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés 1
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ISO 12216:2020(F)
— IEC Electropedia: disponible à l'adresse http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Définitions générales des ouvertures et de leurs moyens de couverture
3.1.1
ouverture

découpe dans l’enveloppe du bateau par exemple dans la coque ou les superstructures

Note 1 à l'article: Une ouverture est généralement recouverte par un vitrage ou un équipement, qui peut être fixe

ou ouvrant.
3.1.2
dimensions du clair d’ouverture

dimensions de la surface située à l'intérieur d'une structure ou d'un cadre, à travers laquelle des objets

ou des personnes peuvent passer lorsque la plaque incorporée n'est pas prise en compte

3.2 Dispositifs recouvrant une ouverture
3.2.1
équipement

dispositif constitué d'une plaque (3.3.1)et de son système associé d’encadrement, d’ouverture

(articulation), et de fixation, lorsqu’ils sont compris, utilisé pour recouvrir une ouverture pratiquée

dans la coque, le pont ou les superstructures d'un bateau; il peut être fixe ou ouvrant (détachable,

articulé, coulissant, repliable, etc.)

EXEMPLE Fenêtres (3.4.1), hublots (3.4.2), panneaux (3.4.3), tapes (3.4.7), portes (3.4.6), équipements

coulissants (3.2.5), trappes de survie.
3.2.2
équipement fixe
équipement (3.2.1) non-ouvrant
3.2.3
équipement ouvrant
équipement (3.2.1) qui peut être ouvert
3.2.4
équipement articulé
équipement ouvrant (3.2.3) relié à son encadrement par des charnières
3.2.5
équipement coulissant

équipement ouvrant (3.2.3) qui s'ouvre en glissant dans le plan de sa surface, dans un plan quelconque et

pour lequel la plaque coulisse dans une feuillure ou un encadrement ou est fixée dans un encadrement

coulissant
3.2.6
équipement composite

système comprenant des équipements (3.2.1) [par exemple hublots (3.4.2)] fixés sur des plaques (3.3.1)

elles-mêmes fixées au bateau par collage direct ou fixation mécanique
3.3 Plaque d’un équipement
3.3.1
plaque

feuille constituée d’un matériau, transparent ou non, fixée à la structure du bateau directement ou

indirectement, et qui peut être fixe ou ouvrante
2 © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 12216:2020(F)
3.3.2
plaque raidie
plaque (3.3.1) munie de raidisseurs structurels associés
3.3.3
plaque non raidie
plaque (3.3.1) non munie de raidisseurs structurels associés
3.3.4
dimensions entre appuis d’une plaque

dimensions du clair entre les bords intérieurs des appuis supportant la plaque (3.3.1)

Note 1 à l'article: Ces dimensions peuvent être différentes des dimensions de l’ouverture (3.1.1) dans la coque, car

une plaque peut être fixée dans un encadrement fixe ou ouvrant.
Note 2 à l'article: Voir les Annexes B et C.
3.3.5
vitrage
plaque (3.3.1) transparente ou translucide
3.3.6
plaque sandwich

plaque (3.3.1) munie d’une âme intérieure recouverte de chaque côté par une peau travaillante

3.4 Équipements particuliers
3.4.1
fenêtre
équipement (3.2.1) muni d’un vitrage
3.4.2
hublot

fenêtre (3.4.1), fermée ou ouvrante, munie d’un encadrement, généralement située sur la coque ou le

tableau arrière au-dessous du niveau du pont et qui, lorsqu'elle est ouvrante, est articulée et s'ouvre

vers l'intérieur
3.4.3
panneau

équipement ouvrant (3.2.3), vitré ou non, utilisé pour accéder, éclairer, inspecter, atteindre ou ventiler,

et situé sur une partie quelconque de l’enveloppe du bateau
3.4.4
panneau d’échappée d’incendie
panneau d’échappée

panneau (3.4.3) destiné ou dédié pour fournir une issue de secours pour les personnes et une échappée

désignée
Note 1 à l'article: Voir l’ISO 9094:2015 pour la définition et les exigences.
3.4.5
trappe de survie d’un multicoque
panneau d’échappée d’un multicoque

équipement (3.2.1) fournissant un moyen viable d’échappée en cas de retournement pour les multicoques

vulnérables à l’inversion

Note 1 à l'article: Voir l’ISO 12217-1:2015, l’ISO 12217-2:2015 et l’ISO 12217-3:2015.

Note 2 à l'article: Comme cet équipement n’est normalement pas totalement immergé en position droite et

inversée, il est habituellement installé en dessous du niveau du pont, sur les flancs de coque, de la nacelle, des

bras de liaison ou du tableau arrière.
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ISO 12216:2020(F)
3.4.6
porte

équipement ouvrant (3.2.3) orienté jusqu’à 45° de la verticale et destiné à recouvrir une ouverture (3.1.1)

de descente

EXEMPLE Porte ouverte en mer, porte non ouverte en mer, porte articulée, porte coulissante.

3.4.7
tape

équipement (3.2.1) ouvrant secondaire étanche à l'eau, fixé à demeure ou séparé et monté à l’intérieur

d’une fenêtre (3.4.1)
3.4.8
planches de descente

équipement ouvrant (3.2.3) pour une ouverture (3.1.1) de descente constitué d'une ou plusieurs planches

mobiles qui sont empilées les unes sur les autres lorsque l’équipement est fermé

Note 1 à l'article: Il s'agit d'un dispositif très fréquent sur les voiliers monocoque.

Note 2 à l'article: Les panneaux sont ajoutés au fur et à mesure que le temps se détériore pour constituer un

surbau d’une hauteur supérieure.
3.5 Définition des zones
3.5.1
zones d'emplacement de l'équipement

zones de l’enveloppe étanche du bateau sur lesquelles l'équipement (3.2.1) est monté

Note 1 à l'article: Voir l’Annexe A montrant des exemples de zones d'emplacement de l'équipement.

3.5.2
zone I
muraille basse

partie de la muraille de coque (et du tableau arrière) située au-dessus de la flottaison de référence (3.9.5),

c'est-à-dire jusqu'à son intersection avec le pont exposé aux intempéries (pour un bateau ponté), ou

jusqu’à l'extrémité supérieure de la coque (pour un bateau non ponté ou partiellement ponté), mais

seulement jusqu'aux limites supérieures suivantes:

— une ligne horizontale située à la hauteur h au-dessus de la flottaison, dans la moitié arrière de la

longueur de flottaison (voir la Figure 1);

— une ligne inclinée passant à la hauteur h à la demi-longueur de la ligne de flottaison et à la hauteur 1,2

h à l'avant de la flottaison; avec
— h = L /12 pour les voiliers monocoques;
S H

— h = L /17 pour les bateaux à moteur, les voiliers catamarans et la coque centrale des voiliers

S H
trimarans;
où h est limité comme indiqué au Tableau 1:
Tableau 1 — Limites de h pour la Zone 1
Catégorie de conception Limite supérieure de h Limite inférieure de h
S S
A Pas de limite 0,5 m
B Pas de limite 0,4 m
C 0,75 m 0,3 m
D 0,40 m 0,2 m

Note 1 à l'article: Les flotteurs des voiliers trimarans sont considérés comme étant entièrement en zone I.

4 © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 12216:2020(F)
Légende
1 zone I
2 zone II b
Figure 1 — Limites des zones I et II b
3.5.3
zone II a

zone autre que la zone I (3.5.2), sur laquelle une personne est susceptible de marcher ou de poser

le pied, telle que les ponts, les superstructures et les fonds de cockpit, lorsque ces surfaces ont,

longitudinalement, une inclinaison inférieure à 25° par rapport à l'horizontale et, transversalement, une

inclinaison inférieure à respectivement 50° par rapport à l'horizontale pour les voiliers monocoques et

inférieure à 25° pour les multicoques
3.5.4
zone II b
muraille haute

zones de la muraille de coque (et du tableau arrière) n'appartenant pas à la zone I (3.5.2)

Note 1 à l'article: Les zones suivantes peuvent être comprises si elles correspondent à la définition:

— faces arrières des bras transversaux des multicoques, si elles se trouvent au-dessus de la ligne de flottaison.

Note 2 à l'article: Les zones sur lesquelles les personnes peuvent se tenir debout ou poser le pied, même par

inadvertance, font partie de la zone II a (3.5.3).

EXEMPLE 1 Toit du roof d'un voilier sur lequel les personnes peuvent se tenir ou s’occuper des voiles.

Note 3 à l'article: Les zones des superstructures sur lesquelles normalement les personnes ne peuvent pas se

tenir debout ou marcher ne font pas partie de la zone II a, mais de la zone III (3.5.5).

EXEMPLE 2 Le dessus de la timonerie d'un bateau à moteur est une zone sur laquelle normalement les

personnes ne peuvent pas se tenir debout ou marcher.
3.5.5
zone III
zones exposées du pont et des superstructures

zones, autres que la zone I (3.5.2), la zone IIa (3.5.3) ou la zone IIb (3.5.4), exposées à l'impact direct de la

mer ou des vagues venant de l'avant et des côtés
3.5.6
zone IV
zones protégées du pont et des superstructures

zones autres que la zone III (3.5.5) protégées de l'impact direct de la mer ou des vagues venant de l'avant

et des côtés et ne se trouvant pas à moins de L /3 de l’étrave
EXEMPLE Cockpits, faces arrière et latérales des superstructures.
© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés 5
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ISO 12216:2020(F)

Note 1 à l'article: D’autres surfaces que celles données dans l’exemple peuvent faire partie de la zone IV. La

protection contre les impacts de la mer est de la responsabilité du fabricant.
3.6 Liaisons d’extrémités des plaques

Voir l'Annexe B qui donne des schémas montrant des exemples de types de liaisons d’extrémités des

plaques.
3.6.1
plaque semi-encastrée
plaque SF

plaque (3.3.1) fixée de façon à restreindre la déformation et à empêcher un déplacement latéral à sa

périphérie
EXEMPLE Plaque avec ou sans encadrement, si boulonnée et/ou collée.
3.6.2
plaque appuyée
plaque SS

plaque (3.3.1) qui peut pivoter sur ses appuis et/ou effectuer un déplacement latéral

EXEMPLE Plaque sans encadrement, qu’elle soit montée sur charnières ou coulissante, par exemple fenêtres

ou panneaux (3.4.3) coulissants sans encadrement y compris les panneaux de descente coulissants, les planches

de descente, les fenêtres sur charnière sans encadrement.
3.6.3
plaque à liaison élastique

plaque appuyée (3.6.2) dont la liaison est réalisée par un support élastique placé sur le périmètre de

la plaque

Note 1 à l'article: Un joint de pare-brise de voiture, montré à la Figure B.3, est une plaque à liaison élastique dans

laquelle il n'y a pas de recouvrement entre la plaque et son support.
...

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