Ships and marine technology -- Marine cranes -- Technical requirements for rigging applications

Rigging used for marine cranes is mainly wire rope rigging. ISO 19360:2016 specifies the technical requirements of the selection and application of running rigging and standing rigging used for wire rope rigging of marine cranes. ISO 19360:2016 specifies the minimum requirements of the allowable strength and performance level for wire ropes of marine cranes according to the design, application and maintenance requirements of cranes. ISO 19360:2016 specifies the implementation criteria of installation, maintenance, inspection and discards for running rigging and standing rigging of marine cranes. ISO 19360:2016 is applicable to the following types of marine crane: - deck cranes mounted on ships for handling cargo or containers in harbour or sheltered water conditions; - floating cranes or grab cranes mounted on barges or pontoons for operating in harbour conditions or sheltered water conditions; - engine room cranes and provision cranes, etc. mounted on ships (including floating docks) for handling equipment and stores in harbour conditions. ISO 19360:2016 does not apply to the following: - loads from accidents or collisions; - lifting operations below sea level; - cranes which are supposed to be included in the class of the vessel and where the vessel receives a crane class notation; the contents of this document may be used however, as recommendation or guidance; - other items where there is the danger that they might be considered in-scope are excluded from this document, such as - loose gear items, such as the hook block, and - ropes and fittings; - cranes which are to be included in class by the class society; - minimum ambient operating temperatures no less than −20 °C; - maximum ambient operating temperatures above +45 °C; - transport, assembly, dismantling and decommissioning of cranes; - lifting accessories, i.e. any item between the crane and the load; - lifting operations involving more than one crane; - hand powered cranes; - emergency rescue operations; - shore-side cargo handling cranes; - portable cranes on board; - lifting appliances for lifeboats, liferafts accommodation ladders and pilot ladders; - launching appliances for survival craft and rescue boats; - gangways, accommodation and pilot ladders and their handling appliances.

Navires et technologie maritime -- Grues marines -- Exigences techniques pour les applications de gréement

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
17-Nov-2016
Current Stage
9020 - International Standard under periodical review
Start Date
15-Oct-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19360
First edition
2016-11-15
Ships and marine technology —
Marine cranes — Technical
requirements for rigging applications
Navires et technologie maritime — Grues marines — Exigences
techniques pour les applications de gréement
Reference number
ISO 19360:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 19360:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

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ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 19360:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Form of rigging ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Selection method for wire ropes .......................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 Safety factor for running rigging ............................................................................................................................................. 3

5.2 Safety factor for standing rigging ............................................................................................................................................ 3

5.3 Minimum breaking strength of wire rope ....................................................................................................................... 3

5.4 Rigging technical requirement .................................................................................................................................................. 3

6 Extension of rigging ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2 Original extension ................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

6.3 Elastic extension .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7 Torsion of the rigging....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

8 Rigging termination .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8.1 U-bolt and clamp clips ...................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8.2 Eye splice ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8.3 Wedge socket ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

8.4 Connecting efficiency of rigging head ................................................................................................................................. 7

8.5 Procedures of installation ............................................................................................................................................................. 7

9 Installation, maintenance, inspection and discard of rigging ............................................................................... 8

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

9.2 Installation of the wire rope rigging ..................................................................................................................................... 8

9.3 Maintenance of the rigging ........................................................................................................................................................... 8

9.4 Inspection of rigging .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

9.4.1 Normal visual inspection .......................................................................................................................................... 8

9.4.2 Periodical inspection .................................................................................................................................................... 8

9.5 Discard of the rigging ........................................................................................................................................................................ 8

Annex A (normative) Examples for selection of wire ropes ......................................................................................................... 9

Annex B (normative) Example for torsion of the rigging .............................................................................................................10

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 19360:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology, Subcommittee

SC 4, Outfitting and deck machinery.
iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19360:2016(E)
Ships and marine technology — Marine cranes — Technical
requirements for rigging applications
1 Scope

Rigging used for marine cranes is mainly wire rope rigging. This document specifies the technical

requirements of the selection and application of running rigging and standing rigging used for wire

rope rigging of marine cranes.

This document specifies the minimum requirements of the allowable strength and performance level for

wire ropes of marine cranes according to the design, application and maintenance requirements of cranes.

This document specifies the implementation criteria of installation, maintenance, inspection and

discards for running rigging and standing rigging of marine cranes.
This document is applicable to the following types of marine crane:

— deck cranes mounted on ships for handling cargo or containers in harbour or sheltered water

conditions;

— floating cranes or grab cranes mounted on barges or pontoons for operating in harbour conditions

or sheltered water conditions;

— engine room cranes and provision cranes, etc. mounted on ships (including floating docks) for

handling equipment and stores in harbour conditions.
This document does not apply to the following:
— loads from accidents or collisions;
— lifting operations below sea level;

— cranes which are supposed to be included in the class of the vessel and where the vessel receives

a crane class notation; the contents of this document may be used however, as recommendation or

guidance;

— other items where there is the danger that they might be considered in-scope are excluded from this

document, such as
— loose gear items, such as the hook block, and
— ropes and fittings;
— cranes which are to be included in class by the class society;
— minimum ambient operating temperatures no less than −20 °C;
— maximum ambient operating temperatures above +45 °C;
— transport, assembly, dismantling and decommissioning of cranes;
— lifting accessories, i.e. any item between the crane and the load;
— lifting operations involving more than one crane;
— hand powered cranes;
— emergency rescue operations;
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 19360:2016(E)
— shore-side cargo handling cranes;
— portable cranes on board;

— lifting appliances for lifeboats, liferafts accommodation ladders and pilot ladders;

— launching appliances for survival craft and rescue boats;
— gangways, accommodation and pilot ladders and their handling appliances.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 4309:2010, Cranes — Wire ropes — Care and maintenance, inspection and discard

ISO 2408, Steel wire ropes for general purposes — Minimum requirements
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 3828, ISO 4306-1, ISO 17893

and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
stable status of wire rope

status when the elongation measurement of the wire rope stays stable during repeated loading and

unloading of wire rope within two ranges of the specified force value
3.2
standing rigging

supporting and non-operating wire rope that maintains a constant distance between the points of

attachment to the two components connected by the wire rope
3.3
running rigging

operating wire rope used to change the distance between the points of attachment to the two

components connected by the wire rope under outside force
3.4
rigging termination
rigging end for being connected with wedge socket
4 Form of rigging

The running rigging and standing rigging chosen for marine cranes shall comply with the requirements

in ISO 2408; the wire rope, running rigging and standing rigging not specified in ISO 2408 can also be

chosen, but the manufacturer shall provide the customer with technical documents of rigging strength

and performance level related to mechanism design, equipment operation and maintenance. Running

rigging which functions as hoisting of the marine crane shall give preference to the rotation-resistant

wire rope type in ISO 2408. Three strand form of rigging shall not be used.
2 © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19360:2016(E)
5 Selection method for wire ropes
5.1 Safety factor for running rigging
5.1.1 For crane with the safe working load SWL ≤ 100 kN, safety factor n = 5.

5.1.2 For crane with the safe working load SWL > 100 kN, safety factor of wire ropes shall be calculated

according to Formula (1), in which the minimum shall be not less than 3:
n = (1)
09, SWL + 1 910
where
SWL is the safe working load of crane, in kN.
5.2 Safety factor for standing rigging

Standing rigging shall not be wound on a drum or sheave, but fixed at both ends. Safety factor for

standing rigging shall be determined according to design and inspection rules for the crane used in

operational environment. If rules correspond, the safety factor for standing rigging should be the same

as the one for running rigging.
5.3 Minimum breaking strength of wire rope

The minimum breaking strength, Q, of the marine crane rigging is calculated from Formula (2), in N:

Qn= W (
...

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