Textile floor coverings — Installation practices — General

This document sets out the requirements for installing textile floor coverings (carpets). It gives details of the work necessary in preparing subfloor surfaces together with the procedures that are to be adopted where textile floor coverings are laid over various types of subfloors and underlays and where subfloor heating units are installed. NOTE This document addresses needle insertion tufted, woven, fusion bonded, fibre bonded, knitted, non-woven, felted, and flocked textile floor coverings.

Revêtements de sol textiles — Pratiques d'installation — Généralités

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
14-Jun-2020
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
15-Jun-2020
Completion Date
15-Jun-2020
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18167
First edition
2020-06
Textile floor coverings — Installation
practices — General
Revêtements de sol textiles — Pratiques d'installation — Généralités
Reference number
ISO 18167:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 18167:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 18167:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Materials ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1 Textile floor coverings ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Underlays ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.1 Underlays ............................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.2 Soft underlays ..................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3 Adhesives ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Carpet gripper ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5 Pre-installation requirements ............................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 Site inspection and report — Commercial installations ..................................................................................... 5

5.1.1 Inspection by contractor ........................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1.2 Report by contractor .................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Installation site — Residential installations.................................................................................................................. 6

5.3 Exchange of information................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3.2 Commercial installations .......................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3.3 Residential installations ............................................................................................................................................ 8

5.4 Conditioning of floor coverings and subfloor ............................................................................................................... 8

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.2 Commercial installations .......................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.3 Residential installations ............................................................................................................................................ 9

6 Installation methods ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.1 Planning, general layout, and dye batch continuity ................................................................................................ 9

6.2 Pile lay, pattern matching, dye batch continuity, and finishing ..................................................................11

6.3 Seaming and joining ........................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Methods of seaming and cross joining .......................................................................................................12

6.4 Stretching ..................................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5 Method of installation using the carpet gripper system ..................................................................................13

6.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.2 Carpet gripper .................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................13

6.6 Method of installation using the direct-stick system ..........................................................................................14

6.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

6.6.2 Ambient temperature ...............................................................................................................................................14

6.6.3 Laying procedure ..........................................................................................................................................................14

6.7 Method of installation using the double-bond system ......................................................................................15

6.8 Method of installation using the pre-applied underlay adhesive system .........................................16

6.9 Method of installation using the hook and loop system...................................................................................16

6.10 Installation on stairs .......................................................................................................................................................................17

6.10.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................17

6.10.2 Method of installation using the carpet gripper system .............................................................17

6.10.3 Method of installation using the direct-stick system ....................................................................17

6.10.4 Method of installation using the double-bond system .................................................................18

6.10.5 Method of installation using the hook and loop system .............................................................18

6.11 Completion of installation ..........................................................................................................................................................18

Annex A (normative) Site information to be requested by the contractor from the purchaser ..........19

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 18167:2020(E)

Annex B (informative) Determining the dryness and alkalinity of subfloors ........................................................21

Annex C (informative) Principles of stretching textile floor coverings .........................................................................25

Annex D (informative) Guidelines to trowel selection ....................................................................................................................31

Annex E (normative) Soft underlays for textile floor coverings ............................................................................................33

Annex F (normative) Method for the determination of compression characteristics ...................................35

Annex G (normative) Method for the determination of resistance to breaking and cracking ..............39

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................41

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 18167:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee 219, Floor coverings.

This first edition of ISO 18167 cancels and replaces ISO/PAS 18167:2014, which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— update of methods and standards referenced in Annex E.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 18167:2020(E)
Introduction

The objective of this document is to provide the contractors, manufacturers, suppliers, and purchasers

of textile floor coverings and others, for example technical educators, with procedures to enable the

provision of correctly installed textile floor coverings.
vi © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 18167:2020(E)
Textile floor coverings — Installation practices — General
1 Scope

This document sets out the requirements for installing textile floor coverings (carpets). It gives details

of the work necessary in preparing subfloor surfaces together with the procedures that are to be

adopted where textile floor coverings are laid over various types of subfloors and underlays and where

subfloor heating units are installed.

NOTE This document addresses needle insertion tufted, woven, fusion bonded, fibre bonded, knitted, non-

woven, felted, and flocked textile floor coverings.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 139, Textiles — Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing
ISO 1765, Machine-made textile floor coverings — Determination of thickness

ISO 1957, Machine-made textile floor coverings — Selection and cutting of specimens for physical tests

ISO 2094, Textile floor coverings — Determination of thickness loss under dynamic loading

ISO 2424, Textile floor coverings — Vocabulary

ISO 3415, Textile floor coverings — Determination of thickness loss after brief, moderate static loading

ISO 9073-3, Textiles — Test methods for nonwovens — Part 3: Determination of tensile strength and

elongation
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 2424 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
adhesive

substance that dries to a film capable of holding materials together by surface attachment

Note 1 to entry: Applying adhesive to the floor is normally accomplished with a trowel (3.17), airless spray, or roller

3.2
contractor

firm or person authorized by the purchaser (3.9) to carry out the laying of the textile floor covering

3.3
crotch

junction of the lower edge of the riser with the rearmost edge of the stair tread

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 18167:2020(E)
3.4
fill-out

installed length of textile floor covering of a width dimension less than its usable manufactured width

3.5
laitance

layer of material formed from the constituents of concrete which can collect on the surface soon

after pouring
3.6

value representing the concentration of hydrogen ions in gram-equivalents per litre used to indicate

the acidity or alkalinity (base) of a substance on a scale from 0 to 14 with 7 representing neutrality,

numbers less than 7 increasing acidity, and numbers greater than 7 increasing alkalinity

Note 1 to entry: For laboratory and field testing of pH, distilled water should be used.

3.7
plane

condition such that when a straightedge 3,0 m long is placed on the surface at any position,

no part is more than 5 mm above or below the straightedge
3.8
power stretcher
mechanical stretching device

carpet installation tool used to stretch carpet for installation on the tack strip which consists of a

pinned plate that grips the carpet, tubular extensions, a padded end used to brace against an opposing

wall or other structure, and a lever system that multiplies the installer's applied stretching force

3.9
purchaser

principal to the contract or person authorized by the principal to superintend the work on his/her behalf

3.10
seam

joints or interface of two pieces of carpet using various securing techniques in a carpet installation

3.11
seam sealing
edge sealing

application of seam adhesive (3.16) to secure and protect cut edges of carpet to be seamed from edge

ravelling and delamination
3.12
seaming tape
tape used for joining two sections of the carpet

Note 1 to entry: Hot-melt tape is pre-coated with a thermoplastic adhesive and adhesives (3.1) can be applied

separately to other types of seaming tapes.
3.13
smooth

condition such that, when a straightedge 150 mm long is placed on the surface at any position,

no part of it is more than 1 mm below the straightedge
3.14
stair nosing
leading edge of a stair thread

Note 1 to entry: For carpet installation, it is required that this edge be rounded.

2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 18167:2020(E)
3.15
subfloor
surface on which the textile floor covering or the underlay is to be laid
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.16
subfloor heating
underfloor heating

any panel heating appliance or system whereby the subfloor (3.15) structure is warmed intentionally

for space heating purposes
3.17
trowel

hand implement used for metering and spreading adhesive (3.1) to the floor or other substrate

3.18
work of compression

work done on the underlay when the pressure is increased from 2 kPa to 100 kPa, i.e. the area under the

load-deflection curve (3.20)

Note 1 to entry: A value of deflection (3.21) alone does not indicate the shape of the load-deflection curve. However,

work of compression does distinguish between soft underlays, although they can have the same value for

deflection, have different energy absorbing characteristics, and hence, differently shaped load-deflection curves.

3.19
initial thickness of underlay
thickness of the underlay measured under a pressure of 2 kPa
3.20
load-deflection curve
plot of decreasing thickness against increasing pressure from 2 kPa to 100 kPa
3.21
deflection
compression

change in thickness of the underlay when the pressure is increased from 2 kPa to 100 kPa

3.22
fibrous underlay

underlay made of fibrous material consolidated by impregnation with a binding agent

3.23
needlefelt underlay

underlay made wholly of fibres entangled or matted together by needling of a fibre batt

Note 1 to entry: A woven, non-woven, or film scrim may be included in a fibrous underlay (3.22) for support during

manufacture.
3.24
cellular plastics (polymeric) underlay
cellular polymeric underlay

underlay formed essentially of a vulcanized rubber foam, with or without a carrier or backing materials

bonded thereto
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 18167:2020(E)
4 Materials
4.1 Textile floor coverings

Textile floor coverings shall comply with the requirements of the relevant International Standards.

Where applicable, the textile floor covering referred to in this document shall be suitable for use above

subfloor heating where the temperature of the upper surface of the subfloor does not exceed 29 °C.

4.2 Underlays
4.2.1 Underlays

Unless the subfloor is substantially free from grooves, ridges, gaps, holes, and similar imperfections,

the use of a hard underlay is recommended.
Where a hard underlay is used, the following requirements apply:

a) the underlay shall have an estimated service life not shorter than that of the textile floor covering;

b) the underlay shall be compatible with the textile floor covering and the adhesive(s) to be used;

c) the underlay shall be non-staining, non-exuding, and sufficiently dense to withstand normal traffic

load on the floor without becoming indented or deformed;

d) the underlay shall be capable of being bonded to the subfloor in such a manner that the bonding is

not affected by normal traffic loading;

e) the underlay shall be non-shrinking to the extent that when the textile floor covering is laid, no

evidence of gaps shall be visible;

f) the maximum variation in length between the diagonals of underlay sheet shall not exceed 1,0 mm;

g) for timber subfloors, the underlay shall be either reduced density hardboard flooring underlay or

medium density fibreboard or medium density fibre cement sheet known to manufacturers as hard

underlay.

NOTE Other products can be used if agreed between the contractor and the purchaser.

4.2.2 Soft underlays

The soft underlay shall have a service life no shorter than that of the textile floor covering in

accordance with the recommendations of the underlay manufacturer and the carpet manufacturer. The

requirements for soft underlays are detailed in Annex E of this document, supplemented by the related

test methods in Annexes F and G that shall be followed.

In commercial applications, soft underlays shall have a total thickness not greater than 10 mm. For

installation of soft underlays, see 6.7 and 6.8.

Carpet should never be laid over existing carpet and/or existing underlay as this can cause permanent

damage to the new floor covering installation.
4.3 Adhesives

The choice of adhesives shall be made by consultation between the contractor and the manufacturer/

supplier of the selected underlay, manufacturer/supplier of the textile floor covering, and the

manufacturer/supplier of the adhesive and the purchaser shall be advised if requested.

Adhesives used shall be such that they ensure minimal hazardous risk to both personnel and property

involved with the installation and site.
4 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 18167:2020(E)

Safety data sheets which should be easily obtainable from manufacturers of all chemical products

should be provided on-site whenever adhesives are being used.

Where the relative humidity of the atmosphere in the building is 75 % or more, only adhesives suitable

for such conditions shall be used. Any such adhesive shall be used in accordance with the instructions

of the manufacturers of the textile floor covering and of the adhesive.

NOTE 1 In high humidity, condensation can form on the surface of the substrate and/or adhesive and prevent

adhesion of the flooring.

Where subfloor heating units are installed, the adhesive shall be such that it is not affected adversely

by the temperature at which the heating units are to be operated.

Where additives such as curing agents, parting agents, and surface treatments which can have a

deleterious effect on an adhesive are present on the subfloor, the adhesive shall be isolated from the

deleterious material/s with the use of appropriate trowelled-on compounds.

NOTE 2 Some curing agents might need to be removed by grinding or sanding. Some parting agents can be

removed by washing with sugar soap, water blasting, and/or grinding.
4.4 Carpet gripper
The carpet gripper shall be constructed of five even thickness plywood layers.

The carpet gripper shall be constructed of sufficient pins and nails so as to withstand a minimum

stretching force of 6 580 N over a 1 220 mm length.
5 Pre-installation requirements
5.1 Site inspection and report — Commercial installations
5.1.1 Inspection by contractor

For textile floor coverings to be installed, a state of cleanliness for concrete/timber floors is required.

Cleanliness of floors can require, as a minimum, sanding, grinding, power washing, wet/dry vacuuming,

or similar.

If dry clean processes are used, remove all residual waste materials by vacuuming. If wet clean

processes are used, ensure that the floors are dry enough to vacuum waste surface materials before

installing the textile floor coverings.

The contractor shall obtain the site information on the subfloor outlined in Annex A and inspect the

following:
a) each of the relevant particulars required in Annex A;

b) whether any repairs to the subfloor are required and whether the surface of timber subfloors

needs to be sanded;

c) whether the surface of the subfloor requires cleaning to remove existing floor covering, any

deleterious materials such as grease, oil, paint curing or parting agents, or any surface treatment

which could adversely affect adhesion.
5.1.2 Report by contractor

If the contractor considers the subfloor under inspection to be unsuitable, the contractor shall submit a

report in writing to the purchaser, and where appropriate, the builder.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 18167:2020(E)
The report shall state the following:

a) whether the subfloor over which the floor covering is to be laid is in suitable condition;

b) any and all conditions that, in the contractor's opinion, will affect the satisfactory execution of

the installation work or impair the durability and serviceability of the textile floor covering or

installation systems.

Where the contractor indicates that the subfloor is not in a suitable condition for laying of the floor

coverings, the contractor shall specify reasons for the unsuitability of the subfloor.

Where the contractor indicates that removal or rectification work on the subfloor, doors, quads, or

scotia moulding is needed, the contractor shall advise the purchaser that this work is the responsibility

of other parties or as otherwise agreed.
5.2 Installation site — Residential installations

The contractor shall advise the purchaser, prior to installation, of the factors which can make the

subfloor unsuitable to receive the new floor covering(s). Where the condition of the subfloor can be

practically determined, the contractor shall advise the purchaser of necessary remedial work.

5.3 Exchange of information
5.3.1 General

The information to be exchanged between the contractor and the purchaser shall include advice

as to whether the installation should be in accordance with the commercial or residential laying

requirements of this document.

Where, because of economics or aesthetics, compliance with part of the content of this document is not

practical, the contractor shall discuss the effects of non-compliance with the purchaser and reach an

understanding on the effects of non-compliance.
5.3.2 Commercial installations

In addition to the information required to be provided by the contractor, elsewhere specified in this

document, there shall be consultation, preferably early in the design stage and generally throughout the

whole course of the contract between all parties concerned with the work. Information to be exchanged

shall include the following as applicable:

a) site factors such as location, access, other contractors on site, unloading, hoisting and storage

facilities, air conditioning, heating, lighting and power supply, floor loading, and security

arrangements;

b) building factors such as the nature of the building, assessment of type and density of traffic,

particulars of corrosive conditions, or other potentially damaging conditions;
c) specifications for or details of
1) the floor structure,
2) the damp-proof membrane and its location within the floor construction,
3) screed curing and drying times,
4) floor warming installations,
5) underlays,
6) adhesives and accessories including floor preservation treatments,
6 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 18167:2020(E)

7) textile floor coverings, including type, batch or rotation number, classification, supplier,

dimensions, and repeat pattern size if applicable,
8) subsequent maintenance of the textile floor covering, and
9) finished floor level and permissible deviations;

d) associated work including services embedded in or passing through the floor, skirtings and

abutments, ducts and junctions with other adjacent floorings;
e) planning and procedures for the installation, i.e.
1) adequate detai
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 18167
ISO/TC 219
Textile floor coverings — Installation
Secretariat: NBN
practices — General
Voting begins on:
2020­03­16
Revêtements de sol textiles — Pratiques d'installation — Généralités
Voting terminates on:
2020­05­11
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO­
ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN­
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH­1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Materials ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1 Textile floor coverings ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Underlays ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.1 Underlays ............................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.2 Soft underlays ..................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3 Adhesives ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Carpet gripper ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5 Pre-installation requirements ............................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 Site inspection and report — Commercial installations ..................................................................................... 5

5.1.1 Inspection by contractor ........................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1.2 Report by contractor .................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Installation site — Residential installations.................................................................................................................. 6

5.3 Exchange of information................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3.2 Commercial installations .......................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3.3 Residential installations ............................................................................................................................................ 8

5.4 Conditioning of floor coverings and subfloor ............................................................................................................... 8

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.2 Commercial installations .......................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.3 Residential installations ............................................................................................................................................ 9

6 Installation methods ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.1 Planning, general layout, and dye batch continuity ................................................................................................ 9

6.2 Pile lay, pattern matching, dye batch continuity, and finishing ..................................................................11

6.3 Seaming and joining ........................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Methods of seaming and cross joining .......................................................................................................12

6.4 Stretching ..................................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5 Method of installation using the carpet gripper system ..................................................................................13

6.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.2 Carpet gripper .................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................13

6.6 Method of installation using the direct-stick system ..........................................................................................14

6.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

6.6.2 Ambient temperature ...............................................................................................................................................14

6.6.3 Laying procedure ..........................................................................................................................................................14

6.7 Method of installation using the double-bond system ......................................................................................15

6.8 Method of installation using the pre-applied underlay adhesive system .........................................16

6.9 Method of installation using the hook and loop system...................................................................................16

6.10 Installation on stairs .......................................................................................................................................................................17

6.10.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................17

6.10.2 Method of installation using the carpet gripper system .............................................................17

6.10.3 Method of installation using the direct-stick system ....................................................................17

6.10.4 Method of installation using the double-bond system .................................................................18

6.10.5 Method of installation using the hook and loop system .............................................................18

6.11 Completion of installation ..........................................................................................................................................................18

Annex A (normative) Site information to be requested by the contractor from the purchaser ..........19

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)

Annex B (informative) Determining the dryness and alkalinity of subfloors ........................................................21

Annex C (informative) Principles of stretching textile floor coverings .........................................................................25

Annex D (informative) Guidelines to trowel selection ....................................................................................................................31

Annex E (normative) Soft underlays for textile floor coverings ............................................................................................33

Annex F (normative) Method for the determination of compression characteristics ...................................35

Annex G (normative) Method for the determination of resistance to breaking and cracking ..............39

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................41

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non­governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee 219, Floor Coverings.

This first edition of ISO 18167 cancels and replaces ISO/PAS 18167:2014, which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— update of methods and standards referenced in Annex E.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
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ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)
Introduction

The objective of this document is to provide the contractors, manufacturers, suppliers, and purchasers

of textile floor coverings and others, for example technical educators, with procedures to enable the

provision of correctly installed textile floor coverings.
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FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)
Textile floor coverings — Installation practices — General
1 Scope

This document sets out the requirements for installing textile floor coverings (carpets). It gives details

of the work necessary in preparing subfloor surfaces together with the procedures that are to be

adopted where textile floor coverings are laid over various types of subfloors and underlays and where

subfloor heating units are installed.

NOTE This document addresses needle insertion tufted, woven, fusion bonded, fibre bonded, knitted, non-

woven, felted, and flocked textile floor coverings.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 139, Textiles — Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing
ISO 1765, Machine-made textile floor coverings — Determination of thickness

ISO 1957, Machine-made textile floor coverings — Selection and cutting of specimens for physical tests

ISO 2094, Textile floor coverings — Determination of thickness loss under dynamic loading

ISO 2424, Textile floor coverings — Vocabulary

ISO 3415, Textile floor coverings — Determination of thickness loss after brief, moderate static loading

ISO 9073­3, Textiles — Test methods for nonwovens — Part 3: Determination of tensile strength and

elongation
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 2424 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
adhesive

substance that dries to a film capable of holding materials together by surface attachment

Note 1 to entry: Applying adhesive to the floor is normally accomplished with a trowel (3.17), airless spray, or roller

3.2
contractor

firm or person authorized by the purchaser (3.9) to carry out the laying of the textile floor covering

3.3
crotch

junction of the lower edge of the riser with the rearmost edge of the stair tread

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ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)
3.4
fill-out

installed length of textile floor covering of a width dimension less than its usable manufactured width

3.5
laitance

layer of material formed from the constituents of concrete which can collect on the surface soon

after pouring
3.6

value representing the concentration of hydrogen ions in gram-equivalents per litre used to indicate

the acidity or alkalinity (base) of a substance on a scale from 0 to 14 with 7 representing neutrality,

numbers less than 7 increasing acidity, and numbers greater than 7 increasing alkalinity

Note 1 to entry: For laboratory and field testing of pH, distilled water should be used.

3.7
plane

condition such that when a straightedge 3,0 m long is placed on the surface at any position,

no part is more than 5 mm above or below the straightedge
3.8
power stretcher
mechanical stretching device

carpet installation tool used to stretch carpet for installation on the tack strip which consists of a

pinned plate that grips the carpet, tubular extensions, a padded end used to brace against an opposing

wall or other structure, and a lever system that multiplies the installer's applied stretching force

3.9
purchaser

principal to the contract or person authorized by the principal to superintend the work on his/her behalf

3.10
seam

joints or interface of two pieces of carpet using various securing techniques in a carpet installation

3.11
seam sealing
edge sealing

application of seam adhesive (3.16) to secure and protect cut edges of carpet to be seamed from edge

ravelling and delamination
3.12
seaming tape
tape used for joining two sections of the carpet

Note 1 to entry: Hot-melt tape is pre-coated with a thermoplastic adhesive and adhesives (3.1) can be applied

separately to other types of seaming tapes.
3.13
smooth

condition such that, when a straightedge 150 mm long is placed on the surface at any position,

no part of it is more than 1 mm below the straightedge
3.14
stair nosing
leading edge of a stair thread

Note 1 to entry: For carpet installation, it is required that this edge be rounded.

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ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)
3.15
subfloor
surface on which the textile floor covering or the underlay is to be laid
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.16
subfloor heating
underfloor heating

any panel heating appliance or system whereby the subfloor (3.15) structure is warmed intentionally

for space heating purposes
3.17
trowel

hand implement used for metering and spreading adhesive (3.1) to the floor or other substrate

3.18
work of compression

work done on the underlay when the pressure is increased from 2 kPa to 100 kPa, i.e. the area under the

load-deflection curve (3.20)

Note 1 to entry: A value of deflection (3.21) alone does not indicate the shape of the load-deflection curve. However,

work of compression does distinguish between soft underlays, although they can have the same value for

deflection, have different energy absorbing characteristics, and hence, differently shaped load-deflection curves.

3.19
initial thickness of underlay
thickness of the underlay measured under a pressure of 2 kPa
3.20
load-deflection curve
plot of decreasing thickness against increasing pressure from 2 kPa to 100 kPa
3.21
deflection
compression

change in thickness of the underlay when the pressure is increased from 2 kPa to 100 kPa

3.22
fibrous underlay

underlay made of fibrous material consolidated by impregnation with a binding agent

3.23
needlefelt underlay

underlay made wholly of fibres entangled or matted together by needling of a fibre batt

Note 1 to entry: A woven, non-woven, or film scrim may be included in a fibrous underlay (3.22) for support during

manufacture.
3.24
cellular plastics (polymeric) underlay
cellular polymeric underlay

underlay formed essentially of a vulcanized rubber foam, with or without a carrier or backing materials

bonded thereto
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ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)
4 Materials
4.1 Textile floor coverings

Textile floor coverings shall comply with the requirements of the relevant International Standards.

Where applicable, the textile floor covering referred to in this document shall be suitable for use above

subfloor heating where the temperature of the upper surface of the subfloor does not exceed 29 °C.

4.2 Underlays
4.2.1 Underlays

Unless the subfloor is substantially free from grooves, ridges, gaps, holes, and similar imperfections,

the use of a hard underlay is recommended.
Where a hard underlay is used, the following requirements apply:

a) the underlay shall have an estimated service life not shorter than that of the textile floor covering;

b) the underlay shall be compatible with the textile floor covering and the adhesive(s) to be used;

c) the underlay shall be non-staining, non-exuding, and sufficiently dense to withstand normal traffic

load on the floor without becoming indented or deformed;

d) the underlay shall be capable of being bonded to the subfloor in such a manner that the bonding is

not affected by normal traffic loading;

e) the underlay shall be non-shrinking to the extent that when the textile floor covering is laid, no

evidence of gaps shall be visible;

f) the maximum variation in length between the diagonals of underlay sheet shall not exceed 1,0 mm;

g) for timber subfloors, the underlay shall be either reduced density hardboard flooring underlay or

medium density fibreboard or medium density fibre cement sheet known to manufacturers as hard

underlay.

NOTE Other products can be used if agreed between the contractor and the purchaser.

4.2.2 Soft underlays

The soft underlay shall have a service life no shorter than that of the textile floor covering in

accordance with the recommendations of the underlay manufacturer and the carpet manufacturer. The

requirements for soft underlays are detailed in Annex E of this document, supplemented by the related

test methods in Annexes F and G that shall be followed.

In commercial applications, soft underlays shall have a total thickness not greater than 10 mm. For

installation of soft underlays, see 6.7 and 6.8.

Carpet should never be laid over existing carpet and/or existing underlay as this can cause permanent

damage to the new floor covering installation.
4.3 Adhesives

The choice of adhesives shall be made by consultation between the contractor and the manufacturer/

supplier of the selected underlay, manufacturer/supplier of the textile floor covering, and the

manufacturer/supplier of the adhesive and the purchaser shall be advised if requested.

Adhesives used shall be such that they ensure minimal hazardous risk to both personnel and property

involved with the installation and site.
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ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)

Safety data sheets which should be easily obtainable from manufacturers of all chemical products

should be provided on­site whenever adhesives are being used.

Where the relative humidity of the atmosphere in the building is 75 % or more, only adhesives suitable

for such conditions shall be used. Any such adhesive shall be used in accordance with the instructions

of the manufacturers of the textile floor covering and of the adhesive.

NOTE 1 In high humidity, condensation can form on the surface of the substrate and/or adhesive and prevent

adhesion of the flooring.

Where subfloor heating units are installed, the adhesive shall be such that it is not affected adversely

by the temperature at which the heating units are to be operated.

Where additives such as curing agents, parting agents, and surface treatments which can have a

deleterious effect on an adhesive are present on the subfloor, the adhesive shall be isolated from the

deleterious material/s with the use of appropriate trowelled­on compounds.

NOTE 2 Some curing agents might need to be removed by grinding or sanding. Some parting agents can be

removed by washing with sugar soap, water blasting, and/or grinding.
4.4 Carpet gripper
The carpet gripper shall be constructed of five even thickness plywood layers.

The carpet gripper shall be constructed of sufficient pins and nails so as to withstand a minimum

stretching force of 6 580 N over a 1 220 mm length.
5 Pre-installation requirements
5.1 Site inspection and report — Commercial installations
5.1.1 Inspection by contractor

For textile floor coverings to be installed, a state of cleanliness for concrete/timber floors is required.

Cleanliness of floors can require, as a minimum, sanding, grinding, power washing, wet/dry vacuuming,

or similar.

If dry clean processes are used, remove all residual waste materials by vacuuming. If wet clean

processes are used, ensure that the floors are dry enough to vacuum waste surface materials before

installing the textile floor coverings.

The contractor shall obtain the site information on the subfloor outlined in Annex A and inspect the

following:
a) each of the relevant particulars required in Annex A;

b) whether any repairs to the subfloor are required and whether the surface of timber subfloors

needs to be sanded;

c) whether the surface of the subfloor requires cleaning to remove existing floor covering, any

deleterious materials such as grease, oil, paint curing or parting agents, or any surface treatment

which could adversely affect adhesion.
5.1.2 Report by contractor

If the contractor considers the subfloor under inspection to be unsuitable, the contractor shall submit a

report in writing to the purchaser, and where appropriate, the builder.
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ISO/FDIS 18167:2020(E)
The report shall state the following:

a) whether the subfloor over which the floor covering is to be laid is in suitable condition;

b) any and all conditions that, in the contractor's opinion, will affect the satisfactory execution of

the installation work or impair the durability and serviceability of the textile floor covering or

installation systems.

Where the contractor indicates that the subfloor is not in a suitable condition for laying of the floor

coverings, the contractor shall specify reasons for the unsuitability of the subfloor.

Where the contractor indicates that removal or rectification work on the subfloor, doors, quads, or

scotia moulding is needed, the contractor shall advise the purchaser that this work is the responsibility

of other parties or as otherwise agreed.
5.2 Installation site — Residential installations

The contractor shall advise the purchaser, prior to installation, of the factors which can make the

subfloor unsuitable to receive the new floor covering(s). Where the condition of the subfloor can be

practically determined, the contractor shall advise the purchaser of necessary remedial work.

5.3 Exchange of information
5.3.1 General

The information to be exchanged between the contractor and the purchaser shall include advice

as to whether the installation should be in accordance with the commercial or residential laying

requirements of this document.

Where, because of economics or aesthetics, compliance with part of the content of this document is not

practical, the contractor shall discuss the effects of non­compliance with the purchaser and reach an

understanding on the effects of non­compliance.
5.3.2 Commercial installations

In addition to the information required to be provided by the contractor, elsewhere specified in this

document, there shall be consultation, preferably early in the design stage and generally throughout the

whole course of the contract between all parties concerned with the work. Information to be exchanged

shall include the following as applicable:

a) site factors such as location, access, other contractors on site, unloading, hoisting and storage

facilities, air conditioning, heating, lighting and power supply, floor loading, and security

arrangements;

b) building factors such as the nature of the building, assessment of type and density of traffic,

particulars of corrosive conditions, or other potentially damaging conditions;
c) specifications for or details of
1) the floor structure,
2) the damp-proof membrane and its location within the floor construction,
3) screed curing and drying times,
4) floor warming installations,
5) underlays,
6) adhesives and accessories includ
...

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