Ships and marine technology -- Marine environment protection -- Arrangement and management of port waste reception facilities

This document provides a method for addressing ship generated waste and cargo residues from when they are offloaded from the ship, to how they are managed ashore. The provision, operation and use of port reception facilities (PRFs) are inherently linked, so this document addresses the design of PRFs, and their operation and management. This document is designed to be used by ports and terminals with existing PRFs which aim to refine their systems; it can also be used by new ports and terminals that are developing PRFs. Parties to MARPOL are obligated as Port States to ensure that port reception facilities (PRFs) adequate to meet the needs of the ships using them without causing undue delay are provided at their ports and terminals. MARPOL does not seek to regulate the management of ship generated waste and cargo residues at ports and terminals beyond the reception facility requirement. However, ports and terminals may need to consider national, regional and local regulations. While these regulations can exceed the scope of MARPOL, the IMO recognises the need to manage ship generated waste and cargo residues at ports and terminals as part of an environmentally sound management approach for avoiding, minimising, and eliminating pollution from ships. In consideration of above, this document applies to the management of ship generated waste and cargo residues regulated by MARPOL that are discharged at ports and terminals. It also covers principles and issues that should be considered in the development of a PWMP, its implementation and PRF operations. The operation of any PRF is governed by the principles and procedures included in the PWMP. The procedures to operate the PRF and the development of a PWMP are closely linked and therefore are integrated into this document. This document addresses the principles and issues that should be considered in: — The development of a port waste management strategy; — The design and operation of PRF; — PWMP development, implementation and compliance; and — PRF management and accountability. This document has been designed to be used by ports and terminals of any size. It does not give specifics on the size or location of a PRF in each port, but provides a list of principles to be considered and applied to any size of type of port or terminal (e.g. marina, fishing port, container terminal, oil terminal, roll on/roll off terminal, cruise terminal, ferry terminal, bulk or general cargo terminal, ship repair or recycling facility, and offshore terminal). Inland ports and marinas and those ports that have entered regional arrangements for the provision of a PRF can also use this document.

Navires et technologie maritime -- Protection de l'environnement marin -- Disposition et gestion des installations portuaires de collecte des déchets

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
28-Aug-2018
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
11-Jul-2018
Completion Date
29-Aug-2018
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 16304
Second edition
2018-08
Ships and marine technology —
Marine environment protection —
Arrangement and management of port
waste reception facilities
Navires et technologie maritime — Protection de l'environnement
marin — Disposition et gestion des installations portuaires de collecte
des déchets
Reference number
ISO 16304:2018(E)
ISO 2018
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 16304:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 16304:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Waste management strategy elements ......................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Administrative and legal matters ............................................................................................................................................ 3

4.3 Technology .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.4 Infrastructure and support services..................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Design and operation of PRFs ................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 Port characteristics ............................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.2.1 Spatial and siting requirements .......................................................................................................................... 4

5.2.2 Types of cargo handled within the port or by the terminal ........................................................ 5

5.2.3 PRF service providers ................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.2.4 External factors ................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.3 Types................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3.2 Floating .................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3.3 Mobile ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.4 Waste characteristics ......................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.4.2 Other considerations .................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.5 Design capacity ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.5.2 Existing ports ...................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.5.3 New ports or terminals .............................................................................................................................................. 6

5.6 Waste handling capabilities ......................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.6.1 Adequacy ................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

5.6.2 Accessibility and suitability .................. .................................................................................................................. 7

5.6.3 Waste handling equipment ..................................................................................................................................... 7

5.6.4 Storage ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.7 Participation in segregation, recycling or disposal programs ........................................................................ 7

5.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.7.2 Recycling capabilities ........................................................................................................................................... ........ 7

5.7.3 Final disposal ...................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Port waste management plan (PWMP) ......................................................................................................................................... 8

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2 Legislation and regulatory considerations ..................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.1 Applicable laws and regulations ........................................................................................................................ 9

6.3 Port structure and administration ......................................................................................................................................10

6.4 Official responsibilities .................................................................................................................................................................11

6.5 Waste management ..........................................................................................................................................................................13

6.6 Cost recovery system — Financial considerations ...............................................................................................13

6.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.6.2 Fee system for using a PRF ...................................................................................................................................13

6.6.3 Information for port users (ship masters, ship owners, ship agents and

port/terminal operators) ......................................................................................................................................14

6.6.4 Cost advantages of reuse, recovery and recycling ............................................................................15

6.7 Data collection and monitoring .............................................................................................................................................15

6.7.1 Notification ........................................................................................................................................................................15

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 16304:2018(E)

6.7.2 Data management ........................................................................................................................................................15

6.8 Pre- and ongoing consultation ...............................................................................................................................................15

6.9 Additional documentation .........................................................................................................................................................16

7 Implementation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.2 PWMP review ........................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.3 Periodic auditing ................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.3.1 Conducting the audit .................................................................................................................................................17

Annex A (informative) Examples of waste streams originating from ships ..............................................................18

Annex B (informative) Waste conversion factors .................................................................................................................................22

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................23

iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 16304:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology,

Subcommittee SC 2, Marine environment protection.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 16304:2013), which has been technically

revised.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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ISO 16304:2018(E)
Introduction

The development of adequate port reception facilities (PRFs) for ship generated waste and cargo

residues is a major factor in the management of each of the shipboard waste streams covered by the

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) Annexes I to VI, as

amended, excluding Annex III (packaged dangerous goods). MARPOL requires that Party States ensure

the provision of adequate reception facilities in ports to receive these wastes. Parties to MARPOL

should have developed implementing legislation to provide for PRFs. Regional and intergovernmental

legislation has also been developed. However, due to operational, ownership, geographic, and legislative

differences in ports, there is a large disparity in how operations are conducted. To overcome some of

the major issues, the International Maritime Organization (IMO), through its implementation of IMO

Instruments (III) Subcommittee (formerly the subcommittee on Flag State Implementation) developed

an action programme to tackle the inadequacy of PRFs.

To obtain the most efficient management of waste and to reduce the time and resource burden in

segregating and handling waste in the ports, the concept of waste minimisation has been integrated

into this document by incorporating the following principles:
— For waste generated aboard a ship:
“Prevention before recycling before energy recovery before disposal”
— Once the waste is offloaded ashore:

“Avoidance before reduction, before reuse, before recycling, before incineration with energy

recovery, before disposal”

Ship owners and operators, cargo owners, and port and terminal owners and operators, along with

governments are aware of the importance of well-organised and managed waste collection, especially

with respect to health and safety on board ships and at ports and terminals. It has been acknowledged

at the IMO that standardized methodologies for waste management both on board ships and ashore

at PRFs would harmonize practices and ensure a smooth delivery of ship generated waste and cargo

residues to shore-side facilities. ISO 21070 provides a methodology for ships to segregate their garbage,

thus, port reception facilities worldwide may expect a certain level of ship segregated waste and

cargo residues. However, ISO 21070 cannot work alone and needs to be complemented by a parallel

International Standard for the reception of ship generated waste. This document assists in the planning

for the provision of adequate PRFs.

This document is also meant to complement ISO 14001 by adding a component that extends its

principles to management of ships' waste in ports. It provides a specific methodology that any

port, harbour, terminal, or marina can apply to the planning, development and operation of its PRF.

The document can be incorporated easily into other plans for achieving ISO 14001 accreditation, as

an extension that focuses on PRF. Conversely, the processes put in place during the preparations for

ISO 14001 accreditation will assist in meeting the development of a holistic Port Waste Management

Plan (PWMP) under this document.
vi © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 16304:2018(E)
Ships and marine technology — Marine environment
protection — Arrangement and management of port waste
reception facilities
1 Scope

This document provides a method for addressing ship generated waste and cargo residues from when

they are offloaded from the ship, to how they are managed ashore. The provision, operation and use of

port reception facilities (PRFs) are inherently linked, so this document addresses the design of PRFs,

and their operation and management. This document is designed to be used by ports and terminals

with existing PRFs which aim to refine their systems; it can also be used by new ports and terminals

that are developing PRFs.

Parties to MARPOL are obligated as Port States to ensure that port reception facilities (PRFs) adequate

to meet the needs of the ships using them without causing undue delay are provided at their ports

and terminals. MARPOL does not seek to regulate the management of ship generated waste and

cargo residues at ports and terminals beyond the reception facility requirement. However, ports

and terminals may need to consider national, regional and local regulations. While these regulations

can exceed the scope of MARPOL, the IMO recognises the need to manage ship generated waste and

cargo residues at ports and terminals as part of an environmentally sound management approach for

avoiding, minimising, and eliminating pollution from ships.

In consideration of above, this document applies to the management of ship generated waste and cargo

residues regulated by MARPOL that are discharged at ports and terminals. It also covers principles and

issues that should be considered in the development of a PWMP, its implementation and PRF operations.

The operation of any PRF is governed by the principles and procedures included in the PWMP. The

procedures to operate the PRF and the development of a PWMP are closely linked and therefore are

integrated into this document.
This document addresses the principles and issues that should be considered in:
— The development of a port waste management strategy;
— The design and operation of PRF;
— PWMP development, implementation and compliance; and
— PRF management and accountability.

This document has been designed to be used by ports and terminals of any size. It does not give specifics

on the size or location of a PRF in each port, but provides a list of principles to be considered and applied

to any size of type of port or terminal (e.g. marina, fishing port, container terminal, oil terminal, roll on/

roll off terminal, cruise terminal, ferry terminal, bulk or general cargo terminal, ship repair or recycling

facility, and offshore terminal). Inland ports and marinas and those ports that have entered regional

arrangements for the provision of a PRF can also use this document.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 16304:2018(E)

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http: //www .iso .org/obp
3.1
adequacy

meeting the needs of ships normally calling at the port by PRFs and not providing ships with a

disincentive to use them, not causing undue delays and contributing to the protection of the environment

[SOURCE: IMO Circular 834]
3.2
cargo residues

remnants of any cargo material which are not covered by Annexes I, II, IV and VI of the MARPOL

convention and which remain on the deck or in holds following loading or unloading, including loading

and loading excess or spillage, whether in wet or dry conditions or entrained in wash water but not

including cargo dust remaining on the deck after sweeping or dust on the external surfaces of the ship

Note 1 to entry: Dry bulk cargo residues may include substances that are harmful to the marine environment

(HME) with special restrictions for discharges including HME entrained in cargo hold wash water. PRFs for cargo

residues considered to be HME may be required at loading or discharge ports that handle dry bulk cargoes.

3.3
energy recovery
energy reclamation from waste
3.4
hazardous waste

waste which, due to its nature, physical, chemical or infectious properties, is potentially hazardous to

human health
3.5
medical waste

any solid waste that is generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or

animals, in research pertaining thereto, or in the production or testing of biological materials, including

but not limited to isolation wastes, infectious agents, human blood and blood products, pathological

wastes, sharps, body parts, contaminated bedding, surgical wastes and potentially contaminated

laboratory wastes and dialysis wastes

Note 1 to entry: Medical waste is distinguished into two categories: infectious and non-infectious [WHO 2007].

3.6
port

place of geographical area consisting of infrastructure and equipment as to permit, principally,

the reception of all types of ships, including fishing vessels and recreational craft, for the loading or

unloading of passengers, cargo, stores, equipment, fuel, fish from commercial or sport fishing, or for

repairs or berthing or other related activities
3.7
port administration

public or private organisation or partnership with the responsibility for the operation of the port

3.8
port authority

organisation, either private or governmental, that manages the operations of a port, in whole or part

Note 1 to entry: Port authorities may have complete or limited jurisdiction within a geographic region.

2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 16304:2018(E)
3.9
port reception facility/ies
PRF
PRFs

any facility or facilities operating in, or provided by, a port or terminal which is fixed, floating or mobile

and is capable of receiving ship generated waste and cargo residues
3.10
quarantine waste

any solid or liquid waste that requires special handling, segregation and disposal due to its potential to

spread disease, diseases, or plant and animal pests when discharged or delivered ashore

Note 1 to entry: Quarantine waste may also include food waste from galley operations and may be described as

international catering waste.
3.11
recreational craft

boat or ship of any type regardless of means of propulsion that is intended for non-commercial sport or

leisure purposes
3.12
ship

vessel of any type whatsoever operating in the marine environment, including hydrofoil boats, air

cushion vehicles, submersibles, floating craft, and fixed or floating platforms
Note 1 to entry: Ships may call at inland ports.
[SOURCE: MARPOL Article 2]
3.13
ship generated waste

all waste, including sewage, and residues other than cargo residues, which are generated during the

service of a ship and fall under the scope of Annexes I, II, IV and VI to MARPOL and operational waste as

defined in Annex V or MARPOL
3.14
terminal

specific and distinct cargo or passenger loading and unloading facility for ships

3.15
waste recovery
recycling, reclamation or treatment of waste for reuse
4 Waste management strategy elements
4.1 General

There are three main components of any waste management strategy: administrative and legal matters;

technology; and infrastructure and support services.
4.2 Administrative and legal matters

Many states have implemented legislation, policies and national waste management strategies that

govern the management of waste received at PRFs. Such legislation may be considered when developing

a port waste management strategy, as it will assist in determining how local compliance may affect the

operation of PRFs within a port. Additionally, there may be a need for licensing and/or local approvals,

and the port or terminal operator should consider waste tracking and documentation.

1) International Maritime Organization, 1999.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 16304:2018(E)

The best possible environmental solution for waste recovery and disposal should be identified.

Waste management targets adopted by the national administration for ports and terminals within its

jurisdiction may be considered in the development of port waste management strategies. If there are no

such targets, then the port or terminal operator may wish to consider developing them.

4.3 Technology

PRFs should use waste management technology that is current and applicable for ship generated waste

and cargo residues expected from ships using the port or terminal. Recycling and reclamation of waste

is preferable to disposal (see 6.5). Therefore, any waste management strategy should recognize and

promote alternative methods of waste management that utilise new and emerging technologies.

4.4 Infrastructure and support services

The waste management strategy should be developed with an awareness of the infrastructure and

support services not only throughout the port or terminal, but also beyond those physical limits.

There shall be in place suitable waste transport logistics, recycling facilities, treatment facilities, and if

necessary, final disposal sites. These treatment and disposal facilities may or may not be located within

the port. Waste management strategies should also incorporate proactive mechanisms to inform and

educate those having an interest in using the PRF.
5 Design and operation of PRFs
5.1 General

The types and number of ships normally calling at the port or terminal and the nature of operations

should be considered in the planning for the provision of a PRF. PRFs for relevant wastes shall be

available without causing undue delay to ships or imposing economic or other disincentives for their

use. The PWMP will provide options for waste collection and handling. The calculated PRF capacity

and the design of the PRF provide a foundation for the PWMP. However, for those waste volumes that

could be anticipated to fluctuate widely over different periods, the provision of a PRF should be adapted

appropriately. The system designed to support and operate a PRF should consider the following core

components.
5.2 Port characteristics
5.2.1 Spatial and siting requirements

The location of a PRF should be “convenient” and not create a disincentive for ships to use. The location

shall be suitable and sufficient to allow easy and safe use that does not impose an undue delay upon the

ship. Siting considerations should include an awareness of the impact on other port operations as well

as the public areas surrounding the port or terminal.

Larger ports and terminals may require higher capacities or more diverse capabilities. Construction of

a new port or terminal may
...

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