Sustainable cities and communities — Management requirements and recommendations for open data for smart cities and communities — Overview and general principles

This document provides an overview and general principles, including requirements and recommendations, for open data management for sustainable cities and communities. It is intended to be used as a base document for open data management framework standards.

Villes et communautés territoriales durables — Exigences et recommandations en matière de gestion des données ouvertes pour les villes et communautés territoriales intelligentes — Vue d'ensemble et principes généraux

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Jun-2022
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Due Date
01-Nov-2022
Completion Date
14-Jun-2022
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ISO 37110:2022 - Sustainable cities and communities — Management requirements and recommendations for open data for smart cities and communities — Overview and general principles Released:14. 06. 2022
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 37110
First edition
2022-06
Sustainable cities and communities —
Management requirements and
recommendations for open data for
smart cities and communities —
Overview and general principles
Villes et communautés territoriales durables — Exigences et
recommandations en matière de gestion des données ouvertes pour
les villes et communautés territoriales intelligentes — Vue d'ensemble
et principes généraux
Reference number
ISO 37110:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
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ISO 37110:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37110:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Overview of open data ...................................................................................................................................................................................1

4.1 Purpose of open data ........................................................................................................................................................................ 1

4.2 Characteristics of open data ........................................................................................................................................... ............ 2

4.2.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.2.2 Availability ............................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.3 Accessibility ............................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.2.4 Cost ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.2.5 Copyright ........................................................................................................................................... ........................................ 2

4.2.6 Distribution ............................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.2.7 Informative metadata .................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.8 Integrity ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.9 Interoperability ................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.10 License ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.11 Ownership ................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.2.12 Privacy ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.13 Restriction or limitation .............................................................................................................................................. 3

4.2.14 Security ................................... ........................................................................................................ ............................................ 3

4.2.15 Stakeholder.............................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.2.16 Usability ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 Open data management ........................................................................................................................................... .....................................4

5.1 General management model ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 Strategic management ..................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2.1 Strategic planning ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.2.2 Evaluation ........................................................................................................................................... ...................................... 5

5.3 Operational management.............................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.3.1 Identification ......................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3.2 Preparation ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.3.3 Publication ............................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3.4 Maintenance ........................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3.5 Quality management ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37110:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 268, Sustainable cities and communities.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37110:2022(E)
Introduction

The public sector is one of the most data-intensive sectors, as it generates as well as consumes, a

huge amount of public service information on a regular basis. Besides the need for transparency, the

openness of this data can contribute to the planned growth of cities, the development of technological

municipal infrastructure, improved governance, and overcoming societal challenges. Many countries

have established an online platform that discloses data collected by public sectors. Such ‘open data’ is

freely available data that can be accessed, used, re-used, distributed, and re-distributed by any process

of interest, without any restriction or limitation. Open data are part of an open government that makes

accountable, responsive and inclusive governance. Open data are part of the development of a data and

platform economy and favour greater integration and infrastructure connectivity.

In this context, public sector bodies have realized not only the value and importance of the data they

hold in their registers, databases and IT systems, but also understand that these data should be set

free as far as possible. Open data in smart cities can include rapid velocity of real-time data in large

volumes, as well as publishing and connecting structured data sets, such as linked data, within the

infrastructure of all cities, which can be accessible via online analysis, source files, online visualization

and Application Programming Interfaces (APIs).

For sustainable cities and communities, especially developed and managed under requirements specified

in ISO 37101, adaptation and utilization of open data is expected to enhance smartness, resiliency,

transparency, accountability and sustainability, by fostering business creation and development of

solutions for the city, as well as creating a new value or benefiting people and stakeholders within.

Open data can improve quality and speed of preparation of plans and infrastructure projects for the

city.

However, despite the benefit of use and necessity of open data, there is not enough information or

standards in the management of open data to be utilized in sustainable cities and communities.

Therefore, for those who are involved in the management process of open data, it is necessary to define

the management framework of open data in terms of management processes, e.g. strategic planning,

evaluation, identification, preparation, publication, maintenance, and quality management.

The primary audience for this document is officials in cities and the public sector, researchers, research

institutions and civil society organizations. Secondary audiences can be those who are in the private

sector, including non- or for-profit organizations.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37110:2022(E)
Figure 1 — Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) model of open data management

These management processes are based on the Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) model (Figure 1) and the

processes are described and mapped as follows:

— Plan: strategic planning process, involving end-user and cross-sector and cross-jurisdictional

knowledge, that defines problems and goals to achieve;

— Do: identification, preparation, publication, and maintenance of open data to achieve predefined

goals;
— Check: quality management process that monit
...

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