Corrosion control engineering life cycle -- General requirements

This document specifies the general requirements for control elements in the life cycle of corrosion control engineering. It is applicable to all types of corrosion control engineering programmes.

Ingénierie du contrôle de la corrosion au cours du cycle de vie -- Exigences générales

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Publication Date
06-Dec-2020
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 23123
First edition
2020-12
Corrosion control engineering life
cycle — General requirements
Ingénierie du contrôle de la corrosion au cours du cycle de vie —
Exigences générales
Reference number
ISO 23123:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 23123:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 23123:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Objectives ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Corrosion sources ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

7 Materials ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

8 Technology .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

9 Design .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

10 Research and development ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4

11 Manufacturing ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

12 Construction .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

13 Storage and transportation ....................................................................................................................................................................... 5

14 Installation and commissioning ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

15 Acceptance inspection .................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

16 Operation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

17 Maintenance .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

18 Repair ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

19 Scrap and disposal .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

20 Documents and records ................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

21 Resource management ................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

22 Comprehensive assessment ...................................................................................................................................................................... 7

Annex A (informative) Example of a corrosion control engineering application ..................................................8

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 23123:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see

www .iso .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 156, Corrosion of metals and alloys,

Subcommittee SC 1, Corrosion control engineering life cycle.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 23123:2020(E)
Corrosion control engineering life cycle — General
requirements
1 Scope

This document specifies the general requirements for control elements in the life cycle of corrosion

control engineering.
It is applicable to all types of corrosion control engineering programmes.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
corrosion control engineering life cycle

entire process of corrosion control that starts from the identification of the corrosion source (3.2), and

includes the selection of materials and techniques for corrosion control, system engineering design,

construction, inspection, assessment and maintenance, through to the final disposal

3.2
corrosion source
element that alone or in combination has the potential to cause corrosion
3.3
optimum benefit

best situation that is based on a comprehensive consideration, and a coordinated and optimized

selection
3.4
element

factor that can affect the achievement of the optimum benefits (3.3) of the corrosion control engineering

life cycle (3.1)
3.5
component

sub-part, assembly, portion or process that is a part of, or contributes to, the final assembly

3.6
green plan

green environmental protection measure that comprehensively considers all related known factors,

such as reducing resource consumption and engineering waste generation, recycling, etc.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 23123:2020(E)
4 Principles

4.1 This document defines the corrosion control activities conducted throughout the entire

engineering life cycle, and identifies all related elements including the objectives, corrosion sources,

materials, technology, design, research and development, manufacturing, construction, storage and

transportation, installation and commissioning, acceptance, operation, maintenance, repair, scrap

and disposal, documents and records, resource management, comprehensive assessments, etc. The

requirements of those elements are specified in accordance with holistic, systematic, coordinated and

optimized principles. The purpose of the requirements is to achieve the objectives (see 5.1) under

the premise of ensuring human health, the safety of people’s lives and property, national security and

ecological environment safety (hereinafter referred to as “safety”).

4.2 This document does not specify established procedures, professional management standards,

specifications and test methods which are in relation to the links, nodes and elements.

4.3 All elements during the corrosion control process shall be identified and have established

procedures.
5 Objectives

5.1 Corrosion control engineering efforts shall aim at improving the integration, systematization,

mutual coordination and optimization of the main life cycle, so that corrosion can be effectively controlled,

and achieving the optimum benefits of safety, cost-effectiveness, long-term operation and environmental

protection.

5.2 The objectives (see 5.1) of corrosion control engineering shall be broken down into all elements of

the life cycle. These objectives shall be communicated, implemented, maintained, regularly reviewed and

continuously improved to ensure that the whole life cycle of corrosion control engineering is compatible

with that of the protected main programme.
6 Corrosion sources
6.1 Corrosion sources shall include the following:
a) internal corrosion sources, e.g. corrosion by an internal media;
b) external corrosion sources, e.g. corrosion by the external environment.

6.2 All corrosion sources shall be identified systematically, comprehensively and accurately in

accordance with the life cycle requirements of the main programme, including new corrosion sources

unexpectedly developed during the construction processes.

6.3 Identifying corrosion sources should take into consideration the working conditions of the main

programme and the corrosion control engineering effort.

6.4 Identified corrosion sources shall be subject to the acceptance of the established procedures to

prevent any omission or wrong judgement.
7 Materials

7.1 The corrosion-resistant materials shall be selected to achieve the optimum performance of

the equipment life cycle requirements regarding safety, cost-effectiveness, long-term operation and

environmental protection.
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 23123:2020(E)
NOTE For atmospheric corrosion, refer to ISO 11303.

7.2 The selected materials shall have the corresponding test method standards as the basis to support

their selection, acceptance and use.
NOTE For corrosion of metals and alloys, refer to ISO 6509-1.

7.3 The selected materials shall have corresponding specific performance and supporting

implementation cases as references to ensure that they can be adapted to other elements, links and

nodes and meet the requirements of the main programme.

7.4 The selected materials shall be optimized in coordination with other elements in the programme.

7.5 The selected materials shall be subject to the acceptance of the established procedures. They shall

be documented and archived.
8 Technology

8.1 The appropriate technique or multiple techniques including, but not limited to, electrochemical

protection or corrosion inhibitor, shall be implemented for the corrosion control in accordance with the

different corrosion prevention goals of the main programme.
NOTE For cathodic protection, refer to ISO 12696.

8.2 The process of choosing the technologies shall consider the influence of other elements. They shall

be optimized in coordination with other elements, and achieve the optimum benefits of safety, cost-

effectiveness, long-term operation and environmental protection.

8.3 There shall be corresponding technical or test methods standards for the selected technologies for

adapted technology.

8.4 The selected corrosion control technologies shall have corresponding successful performance

and supporting implementation cases under the condition of meeting the requirements of the main

programme.

8.5 The selected technologies shall be subject to the acceptance of the established procedures and

meet the requirements of the main programme. They shall be documented and archived.

9 Design

9.1 All elements, links and nodes in the entire life cycle of corrosion control engineering shall be

systematically designed to address the corresponding corrosion risks.

9.2 Relevant design in corrosion control engineering shall be considered in a holistic, systematic,

coordinated and optimized way to ensure that all elements, links and nodes are harmonized and mutually

supported.
9.3 Green plans shall be part of the design and shall be implemented.

9.4 The applicability of the design system shall be evaluated in accordance with the objectives of

safety, cost-effectiveness, long-term operation and environmental protection. The design system shall be

constantly improved to meet the requirements of the main programme.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 23123:2020(E)

9.5 The design documents shall be subject to the acceptance of the established procedures. They shall

...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 23123
ISO/TC 156/SC 1
Corrosion control engineering life
Secretariat: SAC
cycle — General requirements
Voting begins on:
2020­09­07
Voting terminates on:
2020­11­02
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO­
ISO/FDIS 23123:2020(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN­
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23123:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH­1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23123:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Objectives ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Corrosion sources ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

7 Materials ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

8 Technology .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

9 Design .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

10 Research and development ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4

11 Manufacturing ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

12 Construction .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

13 Storage and transportation ....................................................................................................................................................................... 5

14 Installation and commissioning ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

15 Acceptance inspection .................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

16 Operation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

17 Maintenance .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

18 Repair ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

19 Scrap and disposal .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

20 Documents and records ................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

21 Resource management ................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

22 Comprehensive assessment ...................................................................................................................................................................... 7

Annex A (informative) Example of a corrosion control engineering application ..................................................8

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23123:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non­governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see

www .iso .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 156, Corrosion of metals and alloys,

Subcommittee SC 1, Corrosion control engineering life cycle.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 23123:2020(E)
Corrosion control engineering life cycle — General
requirements
1 Scope

This document specifies the general requirements for control elements in the life cycle of corrosion

control engineering.

This document is applicable to all types of corrosion control engineering programmes.

2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www. iso. org/o bp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www.e lectropedia. org/
3.1
corrosion control engineering life cycle

entire process of corrosion control that starts from the identification of the corrosion source (3.2), and

includes the selection of materials and techniques for corrosion control, system engineering design,

construction, inspection, assessment and maintenance, through to the final disposal

3.2
corrosion source
element that alone or in combination has the potential to cause corrosion
3.3
optimum benefit

best situation that is based on a comprehensive consideration, and a coordinated and optimized

selection
3.4
element

factor that can affect the achievement of the optimum benefits (3.3) of the corrosion control engineering

life cycle (3.1)
3.5
component

sub-part, assembly, portion or process that is a part of, or contributes to, the final assembly

3.6
green plan

green environmental protection measure that comprehensively considers all related known factors,

such as reducing resource consumption and engineering waste generation, recycling, etc.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23123:2020(E)
4 Principles

4.1 This document defines the corrosion control activities conducted throughout the entire

engineering life cycle, and identifies all related elements including the objectives, corrosion sources,

materials, technology, design, research and development, manufacturing, construction, storage and

transportation, installation and commissioning, acceptance, operation, maintenance, repair, scrap

and disposal, documents and records, resource management, comprehensive assessments, etc. The

requirements of those elements are specified in accordance with holistic, systematic, coordinated and

optimized principles. The purpose of the requirements is to achieve the objectives (see 5.1) under

the premise of ensuring human health, the safety of people’s lives and property, national security and

ecological environment safety (hereinafter referred to as “safety”).

4.2 This document does not specify established procedures, professional management standards,

specifications and test methods which are in relation to the links, nodes and elements.

4.3 All elements during the corrosion control process shall be identified and have established

procedures.
5 Objectives

5.1 Corrosion control engineering efforts shall aim at improving the integration, systematization,

mutual coordination and optimization of the main life cycle, so that corrosion can be effectively controlled,

and achieving the optimum benefits of safety, cost-effectiveness, long-term operation and environmental

protection.

5.2 The objectives (see 5.1) of corrosion control engineering shall be broken down into all elements of

the life cycle. These objectives shall be communicated, implemented, maintained, regularly reviewed and

continuously improved to ensure that the whole life cycle of corrosion control engineering is compatible

with that of the protected main programme.
6 Corrosion sources
6.1 Corrosion sources shall include the following:
a) internal corrosion sources, e.g. corrosion by an internal media;
b) external corrosion sources, e.g. corrosion by the external environment.

6.2 All corrosion sources shall be identified systematically, comprehensively and accurately in

accordance with the life cycle requirements of the main programme, including new corrosion sources

unexpectedly developed during the construction processes.

6.3 Identifying corrosion sources should take into consideration the working conditions of the main

programme and the corrosion control engineering effort.

6.4 Identified corrosion sources shall be subject to the acceptance of the established procedures to

prevent any omission or wrong judgement.
7 Materials

7.1 The corrosion­resistant materials shall be selected to achieve the optimum performance of

the equipment life cycle requirements regarding safety, cost-effectiveness, long-term operation and

environmental protection.
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23123:2020(E)
NOTE For atmospheric corrosion, refer to ISO 11303.

7.2 The selected materials shall have the corresponding test method standards as the basis to support

their selection, acceptance and use.
NOTE For corrosion of metals and alloys, refer to ISO 6509-1.

7.3 The selected materials shall have corresponding specific performance and supporting

implementation cases as references to ensure that they can be adapted to other elements, links and

nodes and meet the requirements of the main programme.

7.4 The selected materials shall be optimized in coordination with other elements in the programme.

7.5 The selected materials shall be subject to the acceptance of the established procedures. They shall

be documented and archived.
8 Technology

8.1 The appropriate technique or multiple techniques including, but not limited to, electrochemical

protection or corrosion inhibitor shall be implemented for the corrosion control in accordance with the

different corrosion prevention goals of the main programme.
NOTE For cathodic protection, refer to ISO 12696.

8.2 The process of choosing the technologies shall consider the influence of other elements. They shall

be optimized in coordination with other elements, and achieve the optimum benefits of safety, cost-

effectiveness, long­term operation and environmental protection.

8.3 There shall be corresponding technical or test methods standards for the selected technologies for

adapted technology.

8.4 The selected corrosion control technologies shall have corresponding successful performance

and supporting implementation cases under the condition of meeting the requirements of the main

programme.

8.5 The selected technologies shall be subject to the acceptance of the established procedures and

meet the requirements of the main programme. They shall be documented and archived.

9 Design

9.1 All elements, links and nodes in the entire life cycle of corrosion control engineering shall be

systematically designed to address the corresponding corrosion risks.

9.2 Relevant design in corrosion control engineering shall be considered in a holistic, systematic,

coordinated and optimized way to ensure that all elements, links and nodes are harmonized and mutually

supported.
9.3 Green plans shall be part of the design and shall be implemented.

9.4 The applicability of the design system shall be evaluated in accordance with the objectives of

safety, cost-effectiveness, long-term operation and environmental protection. The design system shall be

constantly improved to meet the re
...

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