Ships and marine technology — Survival equipment for survival craft and rescue boats

This document specifies design, performance, and use of various items of survival equipment carried in survival craft and rescue boats complying with the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974 (as amended) and the International Maritime Organization Life-Saving Appliance Code (LSA Code). For many items, it also includes requirements for maintenance and periodic inspections by Administrations in Annex A and guidelines for maintenance and periodic inspections by Administrations or ships’ crews in Annex B. However, compliance of a product with this document does not relieve the manufacturer of a survival craft or rescue boat of the responsibility to evaluate the suitability of the product in their particular application.

Navires et technologie maritime — Équipement de survie pour embarcations de survie et canots de sauvetage

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
14-Sep-2022
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Due Date
15-Sep-2023
Completion Date
15-Sep-2022
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18813
Second edition
2022-09
Ships and marine technology —
Survival equipment for survival craft
and rescue boats
Navires et technologie maritime — Équipement de survie pour
embarcations de survie et canots de sauvetage
Reference number
ISO 18813:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
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ISO 18813:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 18813:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................. 1

3.1 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4 Design and performance requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Bailer ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3 Bilge pump (manual) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.3.2 Performance and construction .............................................................................................................................. 3

4.3.3 Testing ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3.4 Marking ................................... .................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Boathook ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.5 Bucket ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.6 Compass ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.7 Container, liferaft equipment .................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.8 Dipper ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.9 Drinking vessel (cup) ........................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.10 Electric torch ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.10.2 Construction and performance ............................................................................................................................. 5

4.10.3 Testing ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.11 Fire-extinguishing equipment, portable (fire extinguishers) ...................................................................... 6

4.12 First-aid outfit ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.13 Fishing kit (set of fishing tackle) ............................................................................................................................................. 6

4.14 Flare, hand red ...................................................................... .................................................................................................................. 7

4.15 Flare, rocket parachute ................................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.16 Handholds/lifelines ............................................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.17 Hatchet ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.18 Instructions for immediate action ........................................................................................................................................ 7

4.19 Jack-knife ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.19.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.19.2 Performance and construction .............................................................................................................................. 8

4.19.3 Testing ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.20 Knife, buoyant (non-folding safety type)......................................................................................................................... 8

4.21 Ladder ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

4.22 Lighting system (interior) ............................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.23 Mirror, signalling, daylight .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.23.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.23.2 Construction and performance ............................................................................................................................. 9

4.23.3 Testing ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.24 Oars or paddles ................................................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.24.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.24.2 Motor lifeboats or rescue boats ......................................................................................................................... 10

4.25 Oarlocks or equivalent devices for lifeboats ............................................................................................................. 11

4.26 Paddle (liferaft) ................................................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.27 Painter ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.27.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.27.2 Lifeboat painters ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.27.3 Rescue boat painters ................................... ................................................................................................................. 11

iii
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ISO 18813:2022(E)

4.28 Pump ........................................................................................................................................... .................................................................. 11

4.29 Radar reflector ....................................................................................................................................................................................12

4.29.1 Radar reflector for lifeboats and rescue boats .....................................................................................12

4.29.2 Liferaft radar reflector ..............................................................................................................................................12

4.30 Rainwater collection equipment for lifeboats .........................................................................................................12

4.31 Rations ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 12

4.31.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................12

4.31.2 Contents and packaging ............................................................................................................................................12

4.31.3 Testing ......................................................................................................................................................................................13

4.31.4 Expiry ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 15

4.32 Repair kit .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.33 Rescue quoit, buoyant ...................................................................................................................................................................15

4.34 Scissors ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 16

4.35 Sea anchor ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 16

4.36 Searchlight .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.37 Seasickness kit (anti-seasickness medicine and seasickness bag) ....................................................... 16

4.38 Smoke signal, buoyant .................................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.39 Sponge ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 16

4.40 Survival instructions or manual .......................................................................................................................................... 17

4.41 Table of lifesaving signals .......................................................................................................................................................... 17

4.42 Thermal protective aid ................................................................................................................................................................ 17

4.43 Can-opener .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 17

4.44 Tool kit ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 17

4.45 Towline ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 18

4.46 Water ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 18

4.47 Whistle ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 18

5 Format of instructional materials ........................................................................................................................................... .......18

Annex A (normative) Maintenance and periodic inspection requirements ...........................................................19

Annex B (informative) Maintenance and periodic inspection recommendations...........................................21

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................25

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 18813:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology,

Subcommittee SC 1, Maritime safety.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 18813:2006), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes are as follows:
— references have been updated;

— annex has been split into two, with Annex A being normative and Annex B being informative;

— language regarding expiry and replacement of expired equipment was made normative;

— document has been editorially revised.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 18813:2022(E)
Introduction

This document contains detailed specifications for various items of survival equipment carried

in survival craft and rescue boats in compliance with the IMO LSA Code. For each item, the relevant

subclause title specifies the name of the item, the types of craft in which it is required (LR = liferafts, LB

= lifeboats, RB = rescue boats, LB/RB = combined life/rescue boats), and (in the same order) the specific

sections of the LSA Code that require it.

For the sake of completeness, certain items of equipment which pre-date the LSA Code, but which are

still often carried on existing ships, are addressed in Annex B. For these items, the type of craft specified

in the subclause title is followed by the suffix “– old” (e.g., “LB – old”).
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 18813:2022(E)
Ships and marine technology — Survival equipment for
survival craft and rescue boats
1 Scope

This document specifies design, performance, and use of various items of survival equipment carried

in survival craft and rescue boats complying with the International Convention for the Safety of

Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974 (as amended) and the International Maritime Organization Life-Saving

Appliance Code (LSA Code). For many items, it also includes requirements for maintenance and periodic

inspections by Administrations in Annex A and guidelines for maintenance and periodic inspections

by Administrations or ships’ crews in Annex B. However, compliance of a product with this document

does not relieve the manufacturer of a survival craft or rescue boat of the responsibility to evaluate the

suitability of the product in their particular application.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 8729, Ships and marine technology — Marine radar reflectors

ISO 17339, Ships and marine technology — Life saving and fire protection — Sea anchors for survival craft

and rescue boats

ISO 25862, Ships and marine technology — Marine magnetic compasses, binnacles and azimuth reading

devices

International Code for Fire Safety Systems, 2001 [Resolution MSC.98(73)], International Maritime

Organization

International Life-Saving Appliance (LSA) Code [Resolution MSC.48(66)], International Maritime

Organization, as amended

Recommendation on Testing of Life-Saving Appliances [Resolution A.689(17), as amended through

Resolution MSC.81(70)], International Maritime Organization
IMO Resolution A. 384(X), Performance standards for radar reflectors
IMO Resolution MSC 164(78), Revised performance standards for radar reflectors
IMO Resolution A. 657(16), Instructions for action in survival craft

IMO Resolution A. 951(23), Improved guidelines for marine portable fire extinguishers

International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual, Volume III: Mobile Facilities,

International Maritime Organization and International Civil Aviation Organization

International Code of Signals
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
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ISO 18813:2022(E)

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1.1
administration
maritime administration of the State whose flag a ship is entitled to fly
3.1.2
approved

marked with approval markings of a ship’s flag Administration, or of a recognized organization acting

on its behalf
3.2 Abbreviated terms
FFLB Free-fall lifeboat
IMO International Maritime Organization
LB lifeboat
LB/RB combined life and rescue boat
LR liferaft
LSA Code IMO International Life-Saving Appliance Code [IMO Res. MSC.48(66)]
RB rescue boat (including fast rescue boat)

SOLAS International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended by IMO Res. MSC.47(66)

4 Design and performance requirements
4.1 General

The quality of constituent materials, of manufacturing conditions and processes and of the finished

product shall be appropriate to the intended performance and serviceability of the equipment. To

the extent practicable, materials shall be selected taking into consideration compatibility with other

materials used in the product, and the materials used in construction of the craft in which they are

to be carried. The use of rigid plastic which can shatter and create sharp or pointed edges shall be

avoided. When the case is open, contents shall be protected from moisture.
4.2 Bailer

Requirements for bailers apply to LR, LB and RB, in accordance with the LSA Code, sections 4.1.5.1.3,

4.4.8.3 and 5.1.2.2.2. A bailer shall be buoyant, and if its purpose is not immediately apparent, clearly

marked with its function in the appropriate language or languages. It shall have a capacity of at least 2 l

and shall be fitted with a lanyard of suitable length for the craft in which it is intended to be used.

4.3 Bilge pump (manual)
4.3.1 General

Requirements for bilge pumps (manual) apply to LR, LB/RB, and to the LSA Code, sections 4.4.8.25.

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ISO 18813:2022(E)
4.3.2 Performance and construction

4.3.2.1 A bilge pump shall be manually operated and designed for permanent installation in the

lifeboat without interfering with seated persons. When pumped at fifty cycles per minute, the discharge

rate shall be not less than 23 l/min for a lifeboat of less than 7,3 m in length, and not less than 32 l/min

for a lifeboat of over 7,3 m in length.

4.3.2.2 Bilge pumps shall be constructed of materials that are inherently corrosion-resistant,

except that parts which are not subject to sliding contact when the pump is in use may, alternatively,

be protected from corrosion by a durable coating such as galvanizing or the equivalent. Components

such as seals, elastomeric diaphragms, or other parts subject to wear, shall be designed to be user-

replaceable.

4.3.2.3 Bilge pumps shall be capable of operating against a head pressure of 140 kPa when tested in

accordance with 4.3.3.2.

4.3.2.4 The design of the bilge pump shall allow access for inspection, cleaning, and removal of debris.

4.3.2.5 If a bilge pump is provided with a removable operating lever or shaft, the lever or shaft shall

be provided with a set screw or other suitable means to secure it to the pump, and shall be connected to

the pump body by a chain or lanyard to prevent loss.

4.3.2.6 The suction line shall be fitted with a non-return valve and a strainer. The strainer shall be

removable for cleaning without the use of tools. Hoses and fittings in the suction line shall be of a type

that will not collapse when the pump is in service.

4.3.2.7 The pump shall be self-priming but may in addition be provided with a means for manual

priming. Any removable plug or cap shall be secured to the pump by a retaining chain or cable.

4.3.2.8 If a bilge pump is of a type fitted with a removable discharge hose, the hose shall be secured to

the pump by a means that enables removal of the hose by hand, with a tool that is secured to the pump

by a chain or cable, or a tool which is available in the tool kit (see 4.44). The discharge hose shall have an

inside diameter not less than that of the pump discharge opening.
4.3.3 Testing

4.3.3.1 The bilge pump being tested shall be set up at a height of 1,2 m over a source of water for

operation with all the required fittings and connections, the set-up to simulate an installation in

a lifeboat. The bilge pump shall be operated, without manual priming, at a speed of fifty cycles per

minute, and the flow of water measured. The time to first discharge of water shall not exceed 1 min, and

the discharge rate after the first discharge of water shall not be less than that required by 4.3.2.1.

4.3.3.2 A pressure gauge capable of registering 140 kPa, and a variable restriction (nozzle, valve,

etc.) shall be fitted in the discharge line. The pump shall be put in operation with the discharge line

open, and then the restriction shall be gradually closed until the pressure builds up to at least 140 kPa.

This pressure shall be maintained for at least 15 s, after which the pump shall be disassembled and

inspected. There shall be no destruction or deformation of parts sufficient to affect the serviceability of

the pump as a result of this test.

4.3.3.3 The pump shall be firmly secured in such a position that the shaft or operating lever is fully

extended and in a horizontal position. Apply a downward load of 90 kg for a period of 5 min at the free

end of the shaft or operating lever and perpendicular to its axis and the axis of the shaft. There shall

be no slippage of the lever around the shaft, nor any evidence of permanent set or undue stress in any

part of the pump. In cases where the design of the pump is such that this test may not be applicable

to the complete pump, the pump shall be disassembled. The 90 kg load shall be applied to the shaft or

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ISO 18813:2022(E)
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