Intelligent transport systems — Framework for cooperative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV) — Part 9: Remote digital tachograph monitoring

This document addresses the provision of ?Remote Digital Tachograph Monitoring' and specifies the form and content of the transmission of such data required to support such systems, and access methods to that data. This document provides specifications for common communications and data exchange aspects of the application service remote digital tachograph monitoring that a jurisdiction regulator can elect to require or support as an option, including: a) High level definition of the service that a service provider provides. The service definition describes common service elements but does not define the detail of how such an application service is instantiated, nor the acceptable value ranges of the data concepts defined. b) Means to realize the service. c) Application data naming, content and quality that an IVS delivers, including a number of profiles for data (noting that requirements and constraints of what can/cannot be transmitted over the air can vary between jurisdictions). d) Support for a number of defined communication profiles to enable remote inspection. This document is not applicable for analogue tachograph equipment/systems. This document provides specifications for the following communication profiles: — Communication Profile C1: Roadside inspection using a short-range wireless communication interrogator instigating a physical roadside inspection (masterslave) Profile C1a: via a hand aimed or temporary roadside mounted and aimed interrogator Profile C1b: via a vehicle mounted and directed interrogator Profile C1c: via a permanent or semi-permanent roadside or overhead gantry — Communication Profile C2: Roadside inspection using a short-range wireless communication interrogator instigating a download of data to an application service provider via an ITS-station communication (masterslave + peerpeer) Profile C2a: via a hand aimed or temporary roadside mounted and aimed interrogator Profile C2b: via a vehicle mounted and directed interrogator Profile C2c: via a permanent or semi-permanent roadside or overhead gantry — Communication Profile C3: Remote inspection addressed via an ITS-station instigating a download of data to an application service provider via a wireless communications interface (as defined in ISO 15638‑2). It is possible that subsequent versions of this document will support additional communication profiles. NOTE 1 The definition of what comprises a ?regulated' service is regarded as an issue for national decision and can vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. This document does not impose any requirements on nations in respect of which services for regulated vehicles jurisdictions will require, or support as an option, but provides standardized sets of requirements descriptions for identified services to enable consistent and cost-efficient implementations where instantiated. NOTE 2 The ISO 15638 series has been developed for use in the context of regulated commercial freight vehicles (hereinafter referred to as ?regulated vehicles'). However, there is nothing to prevent a jurisdiction from extending or adapting the scope to include other types of regulated vehicles, as it deems appropriate.

Systèmes intelligents de transport — Cadre pour applications télématiques coopératives pour véhicules de fret commercial réglementé (TARV) — Partie 9: Monitorage du tachygraphe électronique à distance (RTM)

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 15638-9
First edition
2020-08
Intelligent transport systems —
Framework for cooperative telematics
applications for regulated commercial
freight vehicles (TARV) —
Part 9:
Remote digital tachograph monitoring
Systèmes intelligents de transport — Cadre pour applications
télématiques coopératives pour véhicules de fret commercial
réglementé (TARV) —
Partie 9: Monitorage du tachygraphe électronique à distance (RTM)
Reference number
ISO 15638-9:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 15638-9:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 15638-9:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms ........................................................................................................................................................... 7

5 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

6 General overview and framework requirements ............................................................................................................... 8

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2 Overview of Communication Profile C1 — Remote roadside inspection using a
short-range wireless communication interrogator instigating a physical roadside

inspection ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.1 General overview of Communication Profile C1................................................................................... 9

6.3 Overview of Communication Profile C2 — Roadside inspection using a short-
range wireless communication interrogator, instigating a download of data to an

application service provider ....................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.1 General overview of Communication Profile C2................................................................................11

6.4 Overview of Communication Profile C3 — Remote inspection addressed via an

ITS-station instigating a download of data to an application service provider via a

wireless communications interface (as defined in ISO 15638-2) ............................................................12

6.4.1 General overview of Communication Profile C3................................................................................12

6.5 Communications requirements .............................................................................................................................................13

6.5.1 General communications requirements ...................................................................................................13

6.5.2 Communications profile C1 requirements .............................................................................................13

6.5.3 Communications profile C2 requirements .............................................................................................14

6.5.4 Communications profile C3 requirements .............................................................................................14

7 Requirements for services using generic vehicle data ..............................................................................................14

8 Application services that require data in addition to basic vehicle data ...............................................14

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................14

8.2 Quality of service requirements ............................................................................................................................................15

8.3 Test requirements .............................................................................................................................................................................15

8.4 Marking, labelling and packaging ........................................................................................................................................15

9 Common features of regulated TARV application services ....................................................................................15

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................15

9.1.1 Communication Profiles C1 and C2 ..............................................................................................................15

9.1.2 Communication Profile C3 ....................................................................................................................................16

9.2 Common role of the jurisdiction, approval authority, service provider and user ......................18

9.3 Common characteristics for instantiations of regulated application services ..............................18

9.4 Common sequence of operations for regulated application services ...................................................18

9.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................18

9.4.2 Quality of service ..........................................................................................................................................................18

9.5 Information security .......................................................................................................................................................................18

9.6 Data naming content and quality .........................................................................................................................................19

9.7 Software engineering quality systems .............................................................................................................................19

9.8 Quality monitoring station ........................................................................................................................................................19

9.9 Audits ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................19

9.10 Data access control policy ..........................................................................................................................................................19

9.11 Approval of IVSs and service providers ..........................................................................................................................20

10 Remote tachograph monitoring (RTM) ......................................................................................................................................20

10.1 TARV RTM service description and scope ....................................................................................................................20

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 15638-9:2020(E)

10.1.1 Generic TARV RTM use case via the application service provider .....................................20

10.1.2 Specific use case of tachograph inspection by an inspector of the
jurisdiction using short range equipment (Communication profiles C1 and C2) 21

10.1.3 Description of TARV RTM regulated application service ...........................................................21

10.1.4 Description of TARV RTM application service .....................................................................................23

10.2 Concept of operations for TARV RTM ...............................................................................................................................23

10.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................23

10.2.2 Statement of the goals and objectives of the TARV RTM system .........................................23

10.2.3 Strategies, tactics, policies, and constraints affecting the TARV RTM system ..........24

10.2.4 Organizations, activities, and interactions among participants and

stakeholders of TARV RTM ...................................................................................................................................24

10.2.5 Clear statement of responsibilities and authorities delegated for TARV RTM ........25

10.2.6 Equipment required for TARV RTM ..............................................................................................................27

10.2.7 Operational processes for the TARV RTM system ............................................................................28

10.2.8 Role of the jurisdiction for TARV RTM .......................................................................................................28

10.2.9 Role of the TARV RTM prime service provider ...................................................................................28

10.2.10 Role of the TARV RTM application service provider ..................................................................28

10.2.11 Role of the TARV RTM user ..............................................................................................................................28

10.2.12 Generic characteristics for all instantiations of the TARV remote

tachograph monitoring (RTM) application service ........................................................................29

10.3 Sequence of operations for TARV RTM............................................................................................................................29

10.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................29

10.4 TARV RTM service elements .....................................................................................................................................................31

10.4.1 TARV RTM service element (SE) 1 — Establish ‘Remote tachograph

monitoring’ regulations, requirements, and approval arrangements ............................31

10.4.2 TARV RTM SE2 — Request system approval ........................................................................................31

10.4.3 TARV RTM SE3 — User (operator) contracts with prime service provider ..............31

10.4.4 TARV RTM SE4 — User (operator) equips vehicle with a digital tachograph .........31

10.4.5 TARV RTM SE5 — User contracts with application service provider .............................31

10.4.6 TARV RTM SE6 — Application service provider uploads software into the

TARV equipped vehicles of the operator ..................................................................................................31

10.4.7 TARV RTM SE7 — Create data ...........................................................................................................................32

10.4.8 TARV RTM SE8 — Recording of digital tachograph data ...........................................................32

10.4.9 TARV RTM SE10 — ‘Interrogated’ request for tachograph data ..........................................32

10.4.10 TARV RTM SE9 — Pre-programmed interval sending digital tachograph

data to application service provider (Communication profile C3)....................................34

10.4.11 TARV RTM SE11: End of session ..................................................................................................................35

10.5 Generic TARV RTM data naming, content and quality .......................................................................................35

10.6 RTM data content ...............................................................................................................................................................................35

10.7 TARV RTM application service specific provisions for quality of service .........................................35

10.8 TARV RTM application service specific provisions for test requirements ........................................36

10.9 TARV RTM application specific rules for the approval of IVSs and ‘Service Providers’ ........36

Annex A (informative) RTM Communication and Transaction profiles ........................................................................37

Annex B (informative) Communication Profile for EN 5,8 GHz DSRC communications ...............................44

Annex C (informative) Data ‘Profiles’ for ‘Remote Tachograph Monitoring’............................................................86

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................97

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO 15638-9:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems.

This first edition of ISO 15638-9 cancels and replaces ISO/TS 15638-9:2013, which has been technically

revised. The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— Inclusion of remote inspection using short-range wireless interrogator for enforcement inspection

purposes.
A list of all parts in the ISO 15638 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 15638-9:2020(E)
Introduction

Many ITS technologies have been embraced by commercial transport operators and freight owners

in the areas of fleet management, safety and security. On-board applications have also been developed

for governmental use. Such regulatory services in use or being considered vary from jurisdiction to

jurisdiction, but include electronic on-board recorders, digital tachograph, on-board mass monitoring,

‘mass’ data for regulatory control and management weigh-in-motion, vehicle access methods, hazardous

goods tracking and eCall. Additional applications with a regulatory impact being developed include fatigue

management, speed monitoring and vehicle penalties imposed based on location, distance and time.

In such an emerging environment of regulatory and commercial applications, it is timely to consider an

overall architecture (business and functional) that could support these functions from a single platform

within a commercial freight vehicle that operates within such regulations. International Standards will

allow for a speedy development and specification of new applications that build upon the functionality

of a generic specification platform. A series of standards deliverables is required to describe and define

the framework and requirements so that the on-board equipment and back office systems can be

commercially designed in an open market to meet common requirements of jurisdictions.

The ISO 15638 TARV series addresses and defines the framework for a range of cooperative telematics

applications for regulated vehicles (e.g. access methods, driver fatigue management, speed monitoring,

on-board mass monitoring, Remote Tachograph Monitoring, ADR management). The overall scope

includes the concept of operation, legal and regulatory issues, and the generic cooperative provision of

services to regulated vehicles, using an on-board ITS platform. The framework is based on a (multiple)

service provider-oriented approach with provisions for the approval and auditing of service providers.

The ISO 15638 series provides both the means to achieve current requirements for telematics

applications for regulated vehicles and the basis for future development of cooperative telematics

applications for regulated vehicles.

The ISO 15638 series is timely, as many governments (Europe, North America, Asia and Australia/New

Zealand) are considering the use of telematics for a range of regulatory purposes.

This document provides specifications for weigh-in-motion and on-board weighing monitoring and

supports several defined communication profiles in which this function may be performed.

NOTE 1 The definition of what comprises a ‘regulated’ vehicle is regarded as an issue for national decision and

can vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. This series does not impose any requirements on nations in respect of

how they define a regulated vehicle.

NOTE 2 The definition of what comprises a ‘regulated’ service is regarded as an issue for national decision and

can vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. This series does not impose any requirements on nations in respect

of which services for regulated vehicles jurisdictions they will require, or support as an option, but will provide

standardized sets of requirements descriptions for identified services to enable consistent and cost-efficient

implementations where implemented.
vi © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15638-9:2020(E)
Intelligent transport systems — Framework for
cooperative telematics applications for regulated
commercial freight vehicles (TARV) —
Part 9:
Remote digital tachograph monitoring
1 Scope

This document addresses the provision of ‘Remote Digital Tachograph Monitoring’ and specifies

the form and content of the transmission of such data required to support such systems, and access

methods to that data.

This document provides specifications for common communications and data exchange aspects of

the application service remote digital tachograph monitoring that a jurisdiction regulator can elect to

require or support as an option, including:

a) High level definition of the service that a service provider provides. The service definition describes

common service elements but does not define the detail of how such an application service is

instantiated, nor the acceptable value ranges of the data concepts defined.
b) Means to realize the service.

c) Application data naming, content and quality that an IVS delivers, including a number of profiles for

data (noting that requirements and constraints of what can/cannot be transmitted over the air can

vary between jurisdictions).

d) Support for a number of defined communication profiles to enable remote inspection.

This document is not applicable for analogue tachograph equipment/systems.
This document provides specifications for the following communication profiles:

— Communication Profile C1: Roadside inspection using a short-range wireless communication

interrogator instigating a physical roadside inspection (master<>slave)

Profile C1a: via a hand aimed or temporary roadside mounted and aimed interrogator

Profile C1b: via a vehicle mounted and directed interrogator
Profile C1c: via a permanent or semi-permanent roadside or overhead gantry

— Communication Profile C2: Roadside inspection using a short-range wireless communication

interrogator instigating a download of data to an application service provider via an ITS-

station communication (master<>slave + peer<>peer)

Profile C2a: via a hand aimed or temporary roadside mounted and aimed interrogator

Profile C2b: via a vehicle mounted and directed interrogator
Profile C2c: via a permanent or semi-permanent roadside or overhead gantry

— Communication Profile C3: Remote inspection addressed via an ITS-station instigating a

download of data to an application service provider via a wireless communications interface

(as defined in ISO 15638-2).
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 15638-9:2020(E)

It is possible that subsequent versions of this document will support additional communication profiles.

NOTE 1 The definition of what comprises a ‘regulated’ service is regarded as an issue for national decision

and can vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. This document does not impose any requirements on nations in

respect of which services for regulated vehicles jurisdictions will require, or support as an option, but provides

standardized sets of requirements descriptions for identified services to enable consistent and cost-efficient

implementations where instantiated.

NOTE 2 The ISO 15638 series has been developed for use in the context of regulated commercial freight

vehicles (hereinafter referred to as ‘regulated vehicles’). However, there is nothing to prevent a jurisdiction from

extending or adapting the scope to include other types of regulated vehicles, as it deems appropriate.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 14906, Electronic fee collection — Application interface definition for dedicated short-range

communication

ISO 15638-1, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications for

Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 1: Framework and architecture

ISO 15638-2, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications for

Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 2: Common platform parameters using CALM

ISO 15638-3, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications for

Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 3: Operating requirements, 'Approval Authority'

procedures, and enforcement provisions for the providers of regulated services

ISO/TS 15638-4, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for cooperative telematics applications for

regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV) — Part 4: System security requirements

ISO 15638-5:2013, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications

for Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 5: Generic vehicle information

ISO 15638-6:2014, Intelligent transport systems — Framework for collaborative Telematics Applications

for Regulated commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) — Part 6: Regulated applications

ERC 70-03, ERC RECOMMENDATION 70-03 Relating To The Use Of Short Range Devices (Srd)

ETSI EN 300-674-1, V1.2.1:2004-08, Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM);

Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission

equipment (500 kbit/s / 250 kbit/s) operating in the 5,8 GHz Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band;

Part 1: General characteristics and test methods for Road Side Units (Interrogator) and On-Board Units (OBU)

ETSI ES 200-674-1, V2.2.1:2011-02, Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Road Transport and Traffic

Telematics (RTTT); Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC); Part 1: Technical characteristics and

test methods for High Data Rate (HDR) data transmission equipment operating in the 5,8 GHz Industrial,

Scientific and Medical (ISM) band

ETSI TS 102-792, V1.2.1:2015-06, Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Mitigation techniques to avoid

interference between European CEN Dedicated Short Rang Communication (CEN DSRC) equipment and

Inteligent Transport Systems (ITS) operating in the 5 GHz frequency range

EN 12253, Road transport and traffic telematics — Dedicated short-range communication — Physical

layer using microwave at 5,8 GHz

EN 12795, Road transport and traffic telematics — Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) —

DSRC data link layer: medium access and logical link control
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 15638-9:2020(E)

EN 12834, Road transport and traffic telematics — Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) —

DSRC application layer

EN 13372, Road transport and traffic telematics (RTTT) — Dedicated short-range communication —

Profiles for RTTT applications
ARIB STD-T75, Dedicated Short-Range Communication

TTAS KO-06.0025, Standard of DSRC Radio Communication between Road-side Equipment and On-

board Equipment in 5,8GHz band
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 15638-1 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
app

small (usually) Java™ (3.21) applets, organized as software bundles, that support application services

(3.2) by keeping the data pantry (3.14) provisioned with up to date data
3.2
application service

service provided by a service provider (3.32) enabled by accessing data from the IVS (3.18) of a regulated

vehicle (3.30) via a wireless communications network
3.3
application service provider
ASP
party that provides an application service (3.2)
3.4
app library

separately secure area of memory in IVS (3.18) where apps are stored with different access controls to

data pantry (3.14)
3.5
approval

formal affirmation that an applicant has satisfied all the requirements for appointment a

...

DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 15638-9
ISO/TC 204 Secretariat: ANSI
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2016-03-24 2016-06-23
Intelligent transport systems — Framework for
cooperative Telematics Applications for Regulated
commercial freight Vehicles (TARV) —
Part 9:
Remote electronic tachograph monitoring (RTM)

Systèmes intelligents de transport — Cadre pour applications télématiques coopératives pour véhicules de

fret commercial réglementé (TARV) —
Partie 9: Monitorage du tachygraphe électronique à distance (RTM)
ICS: 03.220.20; 35.240.60
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 15638-9:2016(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 15638-9:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 15638-9.2:2016(E)
© ISO 2015

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or

utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or

posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested

from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body in the country of the requester.

ISO copyright office
Case postale 56  CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland.
Contents

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Delete this Table of Contents if not required.

Foreword................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

Introduction ..........................................................................................................................................................................11

1 Scope .....................................................................................................................................................................................12

2 Conformance ..........................................................................................................................................................13

3 Normative references ........................................................................................................................................13

4 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................................14

5 Symbols (and abbreviated terms) ...........................................................................................................................18

6 General overview and framework requirements.............................................................................................20

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................. 21

6.2 Overview of Communication Profile C1: Remote roadside inspection using a short range

wireless communication interrogator instigating a physical roadside inspection................... 21

6.2.1 General overview of Communication Profile C1...................................................................... 21

6.3 Overview of Communication Profile C2: Roadside inspection using a short range wireless

communication interrogator, instigating a download of data to an application service

provider ............................................................................................................................ 23

6.3.1 General overview of Communication Profile C2 ................................................................... 23

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 15638-9:2016(E)

6.4 Overview of Communication Profile C3: Remote inspection addressed via an ITS-station

instigating a download of data to an application service provider (4.3) via a wireless

communications interface (as defined in ISO 15638-2) ......................................................... 24

6.4.1 General overview of Communication Profile C3 ........................................................................... 24

6.5 Communications requirements........................................................................................... 26

6.5.1 General communications requirements ................................................................................ 26

6.5.2 Communications profile C1 requirements ............................................................................. 26

6.5.3 Communications profile C2 requirements ............................................................................. 26

6.5.4 Communications profile C3 requirements ............................................................................. 27

7 Requirements for services using generic vehicle data...................................................................................27

8 Application services that require data in addition to basic vehicle data...............................................27

8.1 General ............................................................................................................................. 27

8.2 Quality of service requirements .......................................................................................... 27

8.3 Test requirements.............................................................................................................. 27

8.4 Marking, labelling and packaging ....................................................................................... 27

9 Common features of regulated TARV application services...............................................................28

9.1 General ............................................................................................................................. 28

9.1.1 Communication Profiles C1 and C2 ....................................................................................... 28

9.1.2 Communication Profile C3.................................................................................................. 29

9.2 Common role of the jurisdiction, approval authority, service provider and user..................... 30

9.3 Common characteristics for instantiations of regulated application services ........................ 31

9.4 Common sequence of operations for regulated application services .................................... 31

9.4.1 Quality of service................................................................................................................ 31

9.6 Information security........................................................................................................... 31

9.7 Data naming content and quality ........................................................................................ 32

9.8 Software engineering quality systems................................................................................. 32

9.9 Quality monitoring station.................................................................................................. 32

9.10 Audits ............................................................................................................................... 32

9.11 Data access control policy ................................................................................................. 32

9.12 Approval of IVSs and service providers .............................................................................. 33

10 Remote tachograph monitoring (RTM)......................................................................................................33

10.1 TARV RTM service description and scope ........................................................................... 33

10.1.1 Generic TARV RTM use case via the application service provider ............................................. 33

10.1.2 Specific use case of tachograph inspection by an inspector of the jurisdiction using short

range equipment (Communication profiles C1 and C2) ............................................................ 34

10.1.3 Description of TARV RTM regulated application service.......................................................... 34

10.1.4 Description of TARV RTM application service ........................................................................ 36

10.2 Concept of operations for TARV RTM ................................................................................. 37

10.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................. 37

10.2.2 Statement of the goals and objectives of the TARV RTM system ................................................ 37

10.2.3 Strategies, tactics, policies, and constraints affecting the TARV RTM system.............................. 37

10.2.4 Organisations, activities, and interactions among participants and stakeholders of TARV

RTM .................................................................................................................................. 38

10.2.5 Clear statement of responsibilities and authorities delegated for TARV RTM............................. 38

10.2.6 Equipment required for TARV RTM ...................................................................................... 40

10.2.7 Operational processes for the TARV RTM system ................................................................... 41

10.2.8 Role of the jurisdiction for TARV RTM ................................................................................... 42

10.2.9 Role of the TARV RTM prime service provider ....................................................................... 42

10.2.10Role of the TARV RTM application service provider ................................................................ 42

10.2.11Role of the TARV RTM user .................................................................................................. 42

10.2.12Generic characteristics for all instantiations of the TARV remote tachograph monitoring

(RTM) application service ................................................................................................... 42

10.3 Sequence of operations for TARV RTM ............................................................................... 43

10.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................. 43

10.4 TARV RTM service elements .............................................................................................. 44

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10.4.1 TARV RTM service element (SE) 1: Establish ‘Remote tachograph monitoring’ regulations,

requirements, and approval arrangements ........................................................................... 44

10.4.2 TARV RTM SE2: Request system approval.............................................................................. 44

10.4.3 TARV RTM SE3: User (operator) contracts with prime service provider ................................. 44

10.4.4 TARV RTM SE4: User (operator) equips vehicle with a digital tachograph ................................. 44

10.4.5 TARV RTM SE5: User contracts with application service provider ............................................ 44

10.4.6 TARV RTM SE6: application service provider uploads software into the TARV equipped

vehicles of the operator....................................................................................................... 44

10.4.7 TARV RTM SE7: Create Data ................................................................................................. 45

10.4.8 TARV RTM SE8: Recording of digital tachograph data............................................................. 45

10.4.9 TARV RTM SE10: ‘Interrogated’ request for tachograph data .................................................. 45

10.4.10 TARV RTM SE9: Pre-programmed interval sending digital tachograph data to application

service provider (Communication profile C3) ......................................................................... 47

10.4.11TARV RTM SE11: End of session ........................................................................................... 48

10.5 Generic TARV RTM data naming, content and quality .......................................................... 48

10.6 RTM data content .............................................................................................................. 49

10.7 TARV RTM application service specific provisions for quality of service ............................... 49

10.8 TARV RTM application service specific provisions for test requirements .............................. 49

10.9 TARV RTM application specific rules for the approval of IVSs and ‘Service Providers’ ........... 49

11 Declaration of patents and intellectual property..................................................................................49

Annex A (informative) RTM Communication and Transaction profiles ....................................................51

A.0 Communication profiles...................................................................................................................................51

A.1 Communication Profile C1: Interrogated request for tachograph data using short range 5.8

GHz DSRC communication...............................................................................................................................................51

A.2 Communication Profile C2: Roadside inspection using a short range wireless

communication interrogator, instigating a download of data to an application service provider via

an ITS-station ........................................................................................................................................................................52

A.3 Communication Profile C3: Remote inspection addressed via an ITS-station instigating a

download of data to an application service provider via a wireless communications interface ...53

A.3.1 Interrogated request for tachograph data via ITS-station ..................................................... 53

A.3.2 Obtaining tachograph data by remotely addressing the IPv6/IPv4 address of a vehicle

ITS-station or its tachograph that is wirelessly connected in accordance with one or more

of the wireless media specified in ISO 15638-2 .................................................................... 54

A.3.3 Obtaining tachograph data by interrogating via a fixed gantry or roadside beacon is

wirelessly connected in accordance with one or more of the wireless media specified in

ISO 15638-2 ....................................................................................................................... 55

A.3.4 Obtaining tachograph data by interrogating via a mobile interrogator that is wirelessly

connected in accordance with one or more of the wireless media specified in ISO 15638-2

(Communication profile C3)................................................................................................ 56

A.4 Pre-programmed downloads of tachograph data (Communication profile C3) ....................56

A.4.1 Pre-programmed interval sending digital tachograph data to application service provider ..... 56

A.5 End of session .......................................................................................................................................................57

Annex B (informative) Communication Profile for EN 5.8 GHz DSRC communications .....................58

B.1 Overview and context........................................................................................................................................58

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B.1.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 58

B.1.2 Use Cases ........................................................................................................................ 60

B.1.3 Physical layer ................................................................................................................... 61

B.1.4 Profile C1 transactions...................................................................................................... 61

B.1.5 Communications Profile C1 transactions operating within EN 12253, 5.8 GHz DSRC and

the profile definitions of EN 12834. ..................................................................................... 61

B.1.5.1 5.8 GHz European DSRC downlink and uplink parameters ...................................................... 62

B.1.5.2 ASN.1 module for the RtmData transaction ........................................................................... 65

B.1.6 Operating context ............................................................................................................. 67

B.1.6.1 Prerequisites .................................................................................................................... 67

B.1.6.3 Location constraints........................................................................................................... 67

B.1.6.4 Frames ............................................................................................................................. 67

B.1.6.5 Information security .......................................................................................................... 68

B.1.6.6 RTM LPDU......................................................................................................................... 68

B.1.6.7 Equipment design .............................................................................................................. 70

B.1.6.8 Interrogator form factor ..................................................................................................... 70

B.1.6.9 IVS form factor .................................................................................................................. 70

B.1.6.10 Interrogator antenna form factor................................................................................... 70

B.1.6.11 IVS antenna form factor ................................................................................................ 70

B.1.6.12 IVS antenna position .................................................................................................... 71

B.1.7 Data download protocol .................................................................................................... 72

B.1.7.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 72

B.1.7.2 Automatically repeating interrogations................................................................................ 73

B.1.7.3 RTM operating in a multi-service environment ..................................................................... 73

B.1.7.4 Commands ........................................................................................................................ 76

B.1.8 Data structures .................................................................................................................. 77

B.1.9 Interaction process ............................................................................................................ 77

B.1.9.1 Window management......................................................................................................... 77

B.1.9.2 Behaviour of the IVS ........................................................................................................... 78

B.1.9.3 State transitions ................................................................................................................ 79

B.2 5.8 GHz DSRC Functions for RTM ........................................................................................................................82

B.2.1 Functions in detail .............................................................................................................. 82

B.2.1.2 General............................................................................................................................. 82

B.2.1.2 Security and encryption...................................................................................................... 82

B.2.1.3 Creating and maintaining data ............................................................................................. 82

B.2.1.4 Initialise communication ................................................................................................... 82

B.2.1.5 Data transfer mechanism .................................................................................................... 83

B.2.1.6 Detailed DSRC transaction description ................................................................................. 83

B.3 DSRC Test transaction description..............................................................................................................95

B.4 Error Handling..............................................................................................................................................................98

B.4.1 Recording of the Data in the IVS ........................................................................................ 98

B.4.2 Communication errors ...................................................................................................... 98

B.4.3 Encryption and signature errors ........................................................................................ 98

B.4.4 Recording of errors........................................................................................................... 98

B.4.4.1 Dynamic wireless communication ....................................................................................... 98

B.4.4.2 Recommendation to use digital imaging in support of DSRC.................................................... 99

B.4.4.3 Failure to read................................................................................................................... 99

B.5 Commissioning and periodic inspection tests for the DSRC ........................................................ 100

B.5.1 General ..........................................................................................................................100

B.5.2 Tests which validate data content ....................................................................................100

B.5.3 ECHO..............................................................................................................................100

Annex C (informative) Data ‘Profiles’ for ‘Remote Tachograph Monitoring’........................................ 102

C.1 Data Profile DP15638-9-1: General locally specified RTM transaction ................................... 102

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C.1.1 Generic RTMdata transaction ............................................................................................102

C.2 Generic TARV RTM data naming, content and quality ..................................................................... 102

C.3 Data Profile DP15638-9-2: EU 165-2014 (tachographs in road transport) Remote

interrogation data concept: Remote early detection of possible manipulation or misuse............ 103

C.3.1 General ...........................................................................................................................103

C.3.2 Payload data definition.....................................................................................................104

C.3.2.1 General............................................................................................................................104

C.3.2.2 Payload structured record .................................................................................................104

C.3.2.6 EU 165-2014 VU payload data .............................................................................................104

C.4 Data Profile DP15638-9-3:........................................................................................................................... 106

C.5 Profile 15638-9-4:............................................................................................................................................. 111

C.6 Profile 15638-9-5:............................................................................................................................................. 111

C.7 Profile 15638-9-6:............................................................................................................................................. 111

C.8 Profile 15638-9-7:............................................................................................................................................. 111

C.9 Profile 15638-9-8:............................................................................................................................................. 111

C.10 Profile 15638-9-9:............................................................................................................................................. 111

C.11 Profile 15638-9-10: .......................................................................................................................................... 111

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................................................................... 111

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ISO/DIS 15638-9.2:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO

collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. www.iso.org/directives

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of any

patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or on

the ISO list of patent declarations received. www.iso.org/patents

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information
The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 204.

ISO 15638-9 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems, Working

Group 7, Freight and Fleet.

This International Standard edition cancels and replaces the first edition Technical Specification (ISO TS

15638-9 2013), and has been
...

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