Information technology — 130 mm optical disk cartridges for information interchange — Capacity: 5,2 Gbytes per cartridge

This International Standard specifies the characteristics of a series of related 130 mm optical disk cartridges (ODCs) by using a number of Type designations. A disk has two sides, called Side A and Side B. Each side can have a nominal capacity of 2,6 Gbytes. Type R/W provides for data to be written, read and erased many times over the recording surface of the corresponding disk side, using the thermo-magnetic and magneto-optical effects. Type P-ROM provides for a part of the disk surface to be pre-recorded and reproduced by stamping or other means. This part of the disk is read without recourse to the magneto-optical effect. All parts which are not pre-recorded provide for data to meet the requirements of Type R/W. Type O-ROM provides for the whole of the disk surface to be pre-recorded and reproduced by stamping or other means. The corresponding disk sides are read without recourse to the magneto-optical effect. Type DOW provides for data to be written and read many times over the recording surface of the corresponding disk side, using the direct overwrite thermomagnetic and magneto-optical effects requiring a single external magnetic field. Type P-DOW provides for a part of the disk surface to be pre-recorded and reproduced by stamping or other means. This part of the disk is read without recourse to the magneto-optical effect. All parts which are not pre-recorded provide for data to meet the requirements of Type DOW. Type WO provides write once, read multiple functionality using the thermo-magnetic and magneto-optical effects. Type WO-DOW provides write once, read multiple functionality using the direct overwrite thermo-magnetic and magneto-optical effects. In addition, for each Type, this International Standard provides for cartridges containing a disk with a sector size of 512 bytes, cartridges containing a disk with a sector size of 1 024 bytes and cartridges containing a disk with a sector size of 2 048 bytes. All sectors of a disk are the same size. This International Standard specifies - the conditions for conformance testing and the Reference Drive; - the environments in which the cartridges are to be operated and stored; - the mechanical, physical and dimensional characteristics of the cartridge, so as to provide mechanical interchangeability between data processing systems; - the format of the information on the disk, both embossed and user-written, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correction codes, the modulation methods used; - the characteristics of the embossed information on the disk; - the magneto-optical characteristics of the disk, enabling processing systems to write data onto the disk; - the minimum quality of user-written data on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read data from the disk. This International Standard provides for interchange between optical disk drives. Together with a Standard for volume and file structure it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

Technologies de l'information — Cartouches de disques optiques de 130 mm pour l'échange d'informations — Capacités: 5,2 Gbytes par cartouche

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Jun-1999
Current Stage
9093 - International Standard confirmed
Start Date
06-Jan-2005
Completion Date
21-Aug-2020
Ref Project

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Standard
ISO/IEC 15286:1999 - Information technology -- 130 mm optical disk cartridges for information interchange -- Capacity: 5,2 Gbytes per cartridge
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 15286
First edition
1999-05-15
Information technology — 130 mm optical
disk cartridges for information
interchange — Capacity: 5,2 Gbytes per
cartridge
Technologies de l'information — Cartouches de disques optiques de
130 mm pour l’échange d’informations — Capacité: 5,2 Gbytes par
cartouche
Reference number
ISO/IEC 15286:1999(E)
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ISO/IEC 15286:1999(E)
Contents Page

Section 1 - General.......................................................................................................................................... 1

1 Scope........................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Conformance............................................................................................................................................... 2

2.1 Optical Disk Cartridge (ODC) .................................................................................................................2

2.2 Generating system....................................................................................................................................2

2.3 Receiving system......................................................................................................................................2

2.4 Compatibility statement ...........................................................................................................................2

3 Reference .................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Definitions................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 asymmetry................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.2 band.......................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3 case........................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.4 clamping zone .......................................................................................................................................... 3

4.5 control track ............................................................................................................................................. 3

4.6 Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)............................................................................................................ 3

4.7 defect management................................................................................................................................... 3

4.8 direct overwrite ........................................................................................................................................ 3

4.9 disk reference plane.................................................................................................................................. 3

4.10 entrance surface...................................................................................................................................... 3

4.11 Error Correction Code (ECC)................................................................................................................. 3

4.12 format..................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.13 hub.......................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.14 interleaving............................................................................................................................................. 3

4.15 Kerr rotation........................................................................................................................................... 3

4.16 land and groove ...................................................................................................................................... 3

4.17 logical track............................................................................................................................................ 3

4.18 mark ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.19 mark edge............................................................................................................................................... 3

4.20 mark edge recording............................................................................................................................... 3

4.21 optical disk ............................................................................................................................................. 3

4.22 optical disk cartridge (ODC) .................................................................................................................. 3

4.23 physical track ......................................................................................................................................... 3

4.24 polarization............................................................................................................................................. 3

4.25 pre-recorded mark .................................................................................................................................. 4

4.26 read power.............................................................................................................................................. 4

4.27 recording layer ....................................................................................................................................... 4

4.28 Reed-Solomon code ............................................................................................................................... 4

4.29 space....................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.30 spindle .................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.31 substrate ................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.32 track pitch............................................................................................................................................... 4

©ISO/IEC 1999

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or

by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from the

publisher.
ISO/IEC Copyright Office • Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Genève 20 • Switzerland
Printed in Switzerland
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©ISO/IEC ISO/IEC 15286:1999(E)

4.33 write-inhibit hole ....................................................................................................................................4

4.34 write once functionality ..........................................................................................................................4

4.35 zone.........................................................................................................................................................4

5 Conventions and notations...........................................................................................................................4

5.1 Representation of numbers .......................................................................................................................4

5.2 Names .......................................................................................................................................................4

6 List of acronyms ..........................................................................................................................................5

7 General description of the optical disk cartridge .........................................................................................5

8 General requirements...................................................................................................................................6

8.1 Environments............................................................................................................................................6

8.1.1 Test environment ...................................................................................................................................6

8.1.2 Operating environment ..........................................................................................................................6

8.1.3 Storage environment..............................................................................................................................6

8.1.4 Transportation........................................................................................................................................7

8.2 Temperature shock....................................................................................................................................7

8.3 Safety requirements ..................................................................................................................................7

8.4 Flammability.............................................................................................................................................7

9 Reference Drive...........................................................................................................................................7

9.1 Optical system ..........................................................................................................................................7

9.2 Optical beam.............................................................................................................................................9

9.3 Read channels...........................................................................................................................................9

9.4 Tracking....................................................................................................................................................9

9.5 Rotation of the disk.................................................................................................................................10

Section 2 - Mechanical and physical characteristics....................................................................................10

10 Dimensional and physical characteristics of the case ..............................................................................10

10.1 General description of the case.............................................................................................................10

10.2 Relationship of Sides A and B..............................................................................................................10

10.3 Reference axes and case reference planes.............................................................................................10

10.4 Case drawings.......................................................................................................................................10

10.5 Dimensions of the case .........................................................................................................................11

10.5.1 Overall dimensions ............................................................................................................................11

10.5.2 Location hole .....................................................................................................................................12

10.5.3 Alignment hole ..................................................................................................................................12

10.5.4 Surfaces on Reference Planes P.........................................................................................................12

10.5.5 Insertion slots and detent features......................................................................................................13

10.5.6 Gripper slots ......................................................................................................................................14

10.5.7 Write-inhibit holes.............................................................................................................................14

10.5.8 Media sensor holes ............................................................................................................................15

10.5.9 Head and motor window....................................................................................................................16

10.5.10 Shutter..............................................................................................................................................16

10.5.11 Slot for shutter opener .....................................................................................................................17

10.5.12 Shutter sensor notch.........................................................................................................................17

10.5.13 User label areas................................................................................................................................18

10.6 Mechanical characteristics....................................................................................................................18

10.6.1 Materials ............................................................................................................................................18

10.6.2 Mass...................................................................................................................................................18

10.6.3 Edge distortion...................................................................................................................................18

10.6.4 Compliance........................................................................................................................................18

10.6.5 Shutter opening force.........................................................................................................................18

10.7 Drop test ...............................................................................................................................................18

11 Dimensional, mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk ..........................................................19

11.1 General description of the disk .............................................................................................................19

11.2 Reference axis and plane of the disk.....................................................................................................19

11.3 Dimensions of the disk .........................................................................................................................19

11.3.1 Hub dimension...................................................................................................................................19

11.4 Mechanical characteristics....................................................................................................................20

iii
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ISO/IEC 15286:1999(E) ©ISO/IEC

11.4.1 Material ............................................................................................................................................. 21

11.4.2 Mass .................................................................................................................................................. 21

11.4.3 Moment of inertia.............................................................................................................................. 21

11.4.4 Imbalance .......................................................................................................................................... 21

11.4.5 Axial deflection................................................................................................................................. 21

11.4.6 Axial acceleration.............................................................................................................................. 21

11.4.7 Radial runout..................................................................................................................................... 21

11.4.8 Radial acceleration ............................................................................................................................ 22

11.4.9 Tilt..................................................................................................................................................... 22

11.5 Optical characteristics .......................................................................................................................... 22

11.5.1 Index of refraction............................................................................................................................. 22

11.5.2 Thickness........................................................................................................................................... 22

11.5.3 Birefringence..................................................................................................................................... 22

11.5.4 Vertical Birefringence ....................................................................................................................... 22

11.5.5 Reflectance........................................................................................................................................ 23

11.5.5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................... 23

11.5.5.2 Measured value .............................................................................................................................. 23

11.5.5.3 Requirement ................................................................................................................................... 23

12 Interface between cartridge and drive ..................................................................................................... 23

12.1 Clamping method ................................................................................................................................. 23

12.2 Clamping force..................................................................................................................................... 23

12.3 Capture cylinder................................................................................................................................... 23

12.4 Disk position in the operating condition .............................................................................................. 24

Section 3 - Format of information................................................................................................................. 39

13 Track geometry ....................................................................................................................................... 39

13.1 Track shape .......................................................................................................................................... 39

13.2 Direction of track spiral........................................................................................................................ 39

13.3 Track pitch ........................................................................................................................................... 39

13.4 Logical track number ........................................................................................................................... 39

13.5 Physical track number .......................................................................................................................... 39

14 Track format............................................................................................................................................ 39

14.1 Physical track layout ............................................................................................................................ 39

14.2 Logical track layout.............................................................................................................................. 40

14.3 Radial alignment .................................................................................................................................. 40

14.4 Sector number ...................................................................................................................................... 40

15 Sector format........................................................................................................................................... 40

15.1 Sector layout......................................................................................................................................... 40

15.2 Sector mark .......................................................................................................................................... 42

15.3 VFO fields............................................................................................................................................ 43

15.4 Address Mark (AM)............................................................................................................................. 44

15.5 ID fields................................................................................................................................................ 44

15.6 Postamble (PA) .................................................................................................................................... 44

15.7 Transition Area (TA )........................................................................................................................... 45

15.8 Gap....................................................................................................................................................... 45

15.9 Flag....................................................................................................................................................... 45

15.10 Auto Laser Power Control (ALPC).................................................................................................... 45

15.11 Sync.................................................................................................................................................... 45

15.12 Data field............................................................................................................................................ 46

15.12.1 User data bytes ................................................................................................................................ 46

15.12.2 CRC and ECC bytes........................................................................................................................ 46

15. 12.3 Bytes for Sector Written Flag (SWF)............................................................................................. 46

15.12.4 The bytes following SWF in the Data field of the 1 024-byte and 512-byte sector format............. 46

15.12.5 Resync bytes.................................................................................................................................... 47

15.13 Postamble field (PA ) ......................................................................................................................... 47

15.14 Buffer field......................................................................................................................................... 47

15.15 Transition Area (TA )......................................................................................................................... 47

16 Recording code........................................................................................................................................ 47

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©ISO/IEC ISO/IEC 15286:1999(E)

17 Formatted Zone........................................................................................................................................48

17.1 General description of the Formatted Zone ..........................................................................................48

17.2 Division of the Formatted Zone............................................................................................................48

17.2.1 Lead-in Zone......................................................................................................................................50

17.2.2 Manufacturer Zones...........................................................................................................................50

17.2.2.1 Outer Manufacturer Zone ...............................................................................................................50

17.2.2.2 Inner Manufacturer Zone................................................................................................................51

17.2.3 User Zone ..........................................................................................................................................51

17.2.4 Reflective Zone..................................................................................................................................51

17.2.5 Control Track Zones ..........................................................................................................................51

17.3 Control Track PEP Zone.......................................................................................................................51

17.3.1 Recording in the PEP Zone................................................................................................................52

17.3.2 Format of the tracks of the PEP Zone................................................................................................52

17.3.2.1 Format of a sector ...........................................................................................................................52

17.3.2.1.1 Preamble field..............................................................................................................................53

17.3.2.1.2 Sync field.....................................................................................................................................53

17.3.2.1.3 Sector Number field.....................................................................................................................53

17.3.2.1.4 Data field .....................................................................................................................................53

17.3.2.1.5 CRC .............................................................................................................................................55

17.3.2.2 Summary of the format of the Data field of a sector.......................................................................56

17.4 Control Track SFP Zones .....................................................................................................................56

17.4.1 Duplicate of the PEP information......................................................................................................57

17.4.2 Media information .............................................................................................................................57

17.4.3 System Information ...........................................................................................................................59

18 Layout of the User Zone ..........................................................................................................................60

18.1 General description of the User Zone ...................................................................................................60

18.2 Divisions of the User Zone ...................................................................................................................60

18.3 User Area..............................................................................................................................................61

18.4 Defect Management Areas (DMAs) .....................................................................................................66

18.5 Disk Definition Structure (DDS) ..........................................................................................................67

18.6 Rewritable Zone....................................................................................................................................70

18.6.1 Location.............................................................................................................................................71

18.6.2 Partitioning ................................................................................................................................

...

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