Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works — Data templates for the use of environmental product declarations (EPDs) for construction products in building information modelling (BIM)

This document provides the principles and requirements to enable environmental and technical data provided in EPDs for construction products and services, construction elements and integrated technical systems to be used in BIM to assist in the assessment of the environmental performance of a construction works over its life cycle. This document gives requirements on structuring EPD information using a data template according to ISO 23386 and ISO 23387, to make EPD data machine-interpretable and to enable their integration into information-driven design, construction, use and end-of-life stages. This document is applicable to structuring generic LCA data for use within a BIM environment, as these data are required in the absence of suitable EPD data to enable assessment of the environmental performance at the construction works level. The assessment of environmental performance at the construction works level is not covered by this document.

Développement durable dans les bâtiments et ouvrages de génie civil — Modèles de données pour l’utilisation des déclarations environnementales de produits (DEP) pour les produits de construction dans la modélisation des informations de la construction (BIM)

Le présent document fournit les principes et les exigences permettant d’utiliser les données environnementales et techniques fournies dans les DEP pour les produits et services de construction, les éléments de construction et les systèmes techniques intégrés dans le cadre du BIM afin de faciliter l’évaluation de la performance environnementale d’un ouvrage de construction tout au long de son cycle de vie. Le présent document fournit des exigences relatives à la structuration des informations de DEP au moyen d’un modèle de données conformément à l’ISO 23386 et l’ISO 23387, afin de rendre les données de DEP interprétables par machine et de permettre leur intégration dans les étapes de conception, construction, exploitation et fin de vie basées sur l’information. Le présent document s’applique également à la structuration des données génériques de l’ACV à utiliser dans un environnement BIM, car ces données sont requises en l’absence de données de DEP spécifiques pour permettre l’évaluation de la performance environnementale au niveau de l’ouvrage de construction. L’évaluation de la performance environnementale au niveau de l’ouvrage de construction n’est pas traitée dans le présent document.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
03-Apr-2022
Current Stage
5020 - FDIS ballot initiated: 2 months. Proof sent to secretariat
Start Date
06-Dec-2021
Completion Date
06-Dec-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 22057
First edition
2022-04
Sustainability in buildings and civil
engineering works — Data templates
for the use of environmental product
declarations (EPDs) for construction
products in building information
modelling (BIM)
Développement durable dans les bâtiments et ouvrages de génie
civil — Modèles de données pour l’utilisation des déclarations
environnementales de produits (DEP) pour les produits de
construction dans la modélisation des informations de la construction
(BIM)
Reference number
ISO 22057:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 22057:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 22057:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Terms relating to environmental labelling and construction products .............................................. 2

3.2 Terms relating to concepts, objects and properties .............................................................................................. 2

3.3 Terms relating to data ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3

3.4 Other terms ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5 Purpose of data templates .........................................................................................................................................................................7

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 EPD data and generic LCA data/information use .................................................................................................... 7

5.3 Generic LCA data .................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

6 Terminology alignment ................................................................................................................................................................................8

7 Creating data templates ...............................................................................................................................................................................9

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.2 Creating a data dictionary concept representing a reference document ........................................ 11

7.3 Create a data dictionary concept representing a data template ............................................................. 11

7.4 Creating a data dictionary concept representing properties ....................................................................12

7.5 Creating a data dictionary concept representing groups of properties ...........................................12

8 Providing EPD content in data sheets using the data template concept ...............................................12

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

8.2 EPD general information – group of properties ..................................................................................................... 13

8.2.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................13

8.2.2 Product information – sub-set of EPD general information group of

properties .............................................................................................................................................................................. 14

8.2.3 Content declaration – sub-set of EPD general information group of

properties .............................................................................................................................................................................. 14

8.2.4 EPD type – sub-set of EPD general information group of properties ...............................15

8.2.5 Programme operator – sub-set of EPD general information group of

properties .............................................................................................................................................................................. 16

8.2.6 Technical data – sub-set of EPD general information group of properties ................. 17

8.3 EPD methodological framework – group of properties .................................................................................. 17

8.3.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 17

8.3.2 EPD methodological specification– sub-set of the EPD methodological

framework group of properties ......................................................................................................................... 18

8.3.3 Reference unit and RSL – sub-set of the EPD methodological framework

group of properties .......................................................................................................................................................20

8.3.4 Reference quantity and scaling factor – sub-set of EPD methodological

framework group of properties ......................................................................................................................... 22

8.4 Scenarios ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 22

8.4.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................22

8.4.2 Scenarios for transport for information modules A4, C2, and for transport

in other information modules (e.g. B2 to B5) – data template ...............................................23

8.4.3 Information module A5 ............................................................................................................................................. 25

8.4.4 Information module B1 ............................................................................................................................................. 27

8.4.5 Information module B2 ............................................................................................................................................. 27

8.4.6 Information modules B3, B4 and B5 ..............................................................................................................29

8.4.7 Information modules B6 and B7 ........................................................................................................................30

8.4.8 Information module C1 ..............................................................................................................................................30

iii
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ISO 22057:2022(E)

8.4.9 Information module C2 .............................................................................................................................................. 32

8.4.10 Information module C3 .............................................................................................................................................. 32

8.4.11 Information module C4 ........................................................................................................................................... ...33

8.4.12 Module D .................................................................................................................................................................................34

8.5 Environmental indicators derived from LCA ...........................................................................................................36

8.6 Additional environmental information ......................................................................................................................... 43

Annex A (normative) List of all concepts with GUID ....................................................................................................................... 44

Annex B (informative) Relationship ILCD + EPD, INIES and OpenEPD .........................................................................45

Annex C (informative) Data templates structure – UML diagram .....................................................................................46

Annex D (informative) EPD in smart CE marking declarations ...........................................................................................47

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................53

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 22057:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 59, Buildings and civil engineering works,

Subcommittee SC 17, Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works, in collaboration with the

European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 350, Sustainability of

construction works, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN

(Vienna Agreement).

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 22057:2022(E)
Introduction

Environmental product declarations (EPDs) are Type III environmental declarations (see

ISO 14025) that provide quantified environmental data using predetermined parameters based on

ISO 14040 and ISO 14044 and, where relevant, additional environmental information. ISO 21930,

EN 15804:2012+A1:2013 and EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 are standardized sources of the core product

category rules (PCR) to develop EPDs for construction products to provide modular data to enable

consistent assessment of environmental impacts at the construction works level.

All types of assessment at construction works level are complex; and building information modelling

(BIM) provides a process for describing and displaying information required in the planning, design,

construction, operation and end-of-life of constructed facilities. The BIM approach is expanding to

encompass all aspects of the built environment, including civil infrastructure, utilities and public

spaces. Designers, owners and other stakeholders in the construction sector are increasingly looking to

BIM to assist them in addressing the environmental impacts of construction works.

The ISO 19650 series sets out the recommended concepts and principles for business processes to

support the management and production of information during the life cycle of constructed assets

when using BIM. To do this, standardization is of the highest importance. Machine-interpretable data

are essential to providing a reliable and sustainable exchange of information; and a data template

supports the standardized provision of data in machine-interpretable data sheet formats for use in BIM.

The data provided in EPDs, like other construction product data, are therefore needed in a machine-

interpretable format to enable their use in BIM.

Data templates enable construction project stakeholders to exchange information about construction

objects throughout the life cycle of a constructed asset, using the same data structure, terminology,

and globally unique identifiers to enable the data to be machine-interpretable and interoperable. Data

templates should be standardized and made available across the built environment sector through data

dictionaries based on ISO 12006-3.

This document provides and explains the data template structure to support the provision of both

EPD and generic life cycle assessment (LCA) data in standardized machine-interpretable data sheet

formats to assist in the assessment of the environmental performance of the construction works over

its life cycle. The mechanism used in this document to enable this is a data template created following

ISO 23386 and ISO 23387 and the resulting data sheet.

This includes both mandatory and optional data from different types of EPD, such as, average EPD (see

ISO 21930:2017, Annex B), and other relevant information necessary for use of EPDs at the construction

works level within a BIM environment. Figure 1 shows the relationship between data, data templates,

data sheets, BIM and environmental assessment at the construction works level.

Figure 1 — Relationship between data, data templates, data sheets, BIM and environmental

assessment at the construction works level
Providing the data from an EPD according to ISO 21930, EN 15804:2012+A1:2013 or

EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 in machine-interpretable format means some information needs to be

standardized in ways not considered in those standards. Historically, the indicator data for gate-to-grave

information modules from a machine-interpretable EPD were often not used because the description

of the scenario information was not concurrently provided in machine-interpretable format; and/or

the data were not provided in a sufficiently flexible fashion to allow adaption for different scenarios at

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ISO 22057:2022(E)

the construction works level. Responding to these needs, this document provides specifications for the

provision of gate-to-grave scenario data for an EPD in machine-interpretable formats, so the data are

more appropriate for environmental assessment at the construction works level when using BIM.

Figure 2 shows the relationship between this document and other standards for buildings and civil

engineering works related to BIM and sustainability.
Figure 2 — Relationship between BIM standards and sustainability standards

The requirements in this document are further supplemented by technical information about

construction products and services, construction elements and integrated technical systems so they

can be machine-interpretable. Technical information means requirements and conditions as stated

in standards and specifications relevant for construction products. This document recommends the

use of the same principles for structuring information (data template concepts) and the use of existing

technical information created by other domain experts. Annex D offers guidance on the delivery of

information according to the principles of this document according to the principles described in CWA

17316 and smart CE marking.

EXAMPLE In Europe, Construction Products Regulation (CPR) experts are responsible for creating and

maintaining technical information based on European harmonized standards.

This technical information in standards or technical specifications can already exist in a data dictionary;

and EPD/LCA experts can use it for the technical description of products in an EPD.

vii
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ISO 22057:2022(E)

This document is intended to help in understanding the different template concepts and their relation

to EPD information and to enable users to create new concepts according to their specific needs.

NOTE For example, experts developing sub-category PCR according to ISO 21930 or complementary PCR

(c-PCR) according to EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 can create a data template for additional specific requirements in

the sub-category PCR or c-PCR for the relevant product group.

Users of this document should be able to find the data template described in this document in existing

data dictionaries; but in case there is a data dictionary that does not support the structure, they should

be able to recreate the data template structure in their own implementations using the information

provided in Annex A.

This document also ensures the alignment between the proposed approach in it and already existing

formats like ILCD + EPD, INIES and OpenEPD (see Annex B).
viii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 22057:2022(E)
Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works —
Data templates for the use of environmental product
declarations (EPDs) for construction products in building
information modelling (BIM)
1 Scope

This document provides the principles and requirements to enable environmental and technical

data provided in EPDs for construction products and services, construction elements and integrated

technical systems to be used in BIM to assist in the assessment of the environmental performance of a

construction works over its life cycle.

This document gives requirements on structuring EPD information using a data template according to

ISO 23386 and ISO 23387, to make EPD data machine-interpretable and to enable their integration into

information-driven design, construction, use and end-of-life stages.

This document is applicable to structuring generic LCA data for use within a BIM environment, as

these data are required in the absence of suitable EPD data to enable assessment of the environmental

performance at the construction works level.

The assessment of environmental performance at the construction works level is not covered by this

document.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 6707-1, Buildings and civil engineering works — Vocabulary — Part 1: General terms

ISO 14040, Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Principles and framework

ISO 14050, Environmental management — Vocabulary

ISO 21930, Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works — Core rules for environmental product

declarations of construction products and services

ISO 23386, Building information modelling and other digital processes used in construction — Methodology

to describe, author and maintain properties in interconnected data dictionaries

EN 15804:2012+A1: 2013, Sustainability of construction works — Environmental product declarations —

Core rules for the product category of construction products

EN 15804:2012+A2: 2019, Sustainability of construction works — Environmental product declarations —

Core rules for the product category of construction products
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 6707-1, ISO 14040, ISO 14050,

ISO 21930, EN 15804:2012+A2: 2019 and the following apply.
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ISO 22057:2022(E)

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Terms relating to environmental labelling and construction products
3.1.1
construction object
object (3.2.3) of interest in the context of a construction process
EXAMPLE 1 The construction object “wall” is a type of system.

EXAMPLE 2 The construction object “calcium silicate masonry unit” is a type of construction product.

Note 1 to entry: See ISO 21931-1:2010, 3.11 for the definition of “process” and ISO 6707-1:2020, 3.3.5.6 for the

definition of “construction.”

[SOURCE: ISO 12006-2:2015, 3.1.2, modified — EXAMPLEs 1 and 2 and note 1 to entry have been added.]

3.1.2
information module

compilation of data (3.3.1) to be used as a basis for an EPD, covering a unit process or a combination of

unit processes that are part of the life cycle (3.1.3) of a product

[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.13, modified — Reference to "a Type III environmental declaration" has

been replaced by "an EPD".]
3.1.3
life cycle

consecutive and interlinked stages of a product (or service) system, from raw material acquisition or

generation from natural resources to final disposal

Note 1 to entry: The life cycle stages include acquisition of raw materials, design, production, transportation/

delivery, use, end-of-life treatment and final disposal.
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.3.3]
3.2 Terms relating to concepts, objects and properties
3.2.1
concept
unit of knowledge created by a unique combination of characteristics (3.2.2)

[SOURCE: ISO 1087:2019, 3.2.7, modified — Notes 1 and 2 to entry have been removed.]

3.2.2
characteristic
abstraction of a property (3.2.5)

Note 1 to entry: Characteristics are used for describing concepts (3.2.1) and construction objects (3.1.1).

[SOURCE: ISO 1087:2019, 3.2.1, modified — EXAMPLE has been removed; reference to "construction

objects" has been added to note 1 to entry.]
3.2.3
object
any part of the perceivable or conceivable world

Note 1 to entry: An object is something abstract or physical toward which thought, feeling, or action is directed.

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 22057:2022(E)
[SOURCE: ISO 12006-2:2015, 3.1.1]
3.2.4
domain
area of activity covering a science, a technique, a material, etc.

Note 1 to entry: A domain can be associated with a group to which the property (3.2.5) applies.

[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.11]
3.2.5
property
inherent or acquired feature of an item or object (3.2.3)

EXAMPLE 1 Thermal efficiency, heat flow, sound reduction index, sound power level, colour.

EXAMPLE 2 ‘Being made of wood’ as a property of a given construction product.
Note 1 to entry: One or more objects can have the same property.

[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.17, modified — A reference to "object" in the definition, EXAMPLE 2 and

note 1 to entry have been added.]
3.2.6
group of properties
collection enabling the properties (3.2.5) to be prearranged or organized

[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.14, modified — Four notes to entry have been removed.]

3.2.7
identifier

string (3.3.12) of characters created by an organization to reference a dataset (3.3.5)

3.2.8
quantity

property (3.2.5) of a phenomenon, body, or substance, where the property has a magnitude that can be

expressed by means of a number and a reference
EXAMPLE 1 Length, mass, electric current (ISQ base quantities).
EXAMPLE 2 Plane angle, force, power (derived quantities).
Note 1 to entry: Quantities can appear as base quantities or derived quantities.
[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.16]
3.3 Terms relating to data
3.3.1
data

reinterpretable representation of information in a formalized manner suitable for communication,

interpretation, or processing
[SOURCE: ISO 8000-2:2020, 3.2.2]
3.3.2
data template

data (3.3.1) structure used to describe the characteristics (3.2.2) of construction objects (3.1.1)

[SOURCE: ISO 23387:2020, 3.3, modified — Two EXAMPLES and two notes to entry have been removed.]

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ISO 22057:2022(E)
3.3.3
data sheet

completed data template (3.3.2) containing the relevant values (3.4.3) and other information

representing the content of the EPD
3.3.4
data dictionary

centralized repository of information about data (3.3.1) such as meaning, relationships to other data,

origin, usage and format
[SOURCE: ISO 23387:2020, 3.2, modified — The note to entry has been removed]
3.3.5
dataset
identifiable collection of data (3.3.1)
EXAMPLE Integer, Real, Boolean (3.3.15), String (3.3.12), Date, and GM_Point.
Note 1 to entry: A data type (3.3.7) is identified by a term, e.g. Integer.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 30182:2017, 2.6]
3.3.6
data quality

characteristics (3.2.2) of data (3.3.1) that relate to their ability to satisfy stated requirements

[SOURCE: ISO 14044:2006, 3.19]
3.3.7
data type
named set of values (3.4.3)

[SOURCE: ISO 10161-1:2014, 3.2.1, modified — The preferred term "type" has been removed.]

3.3.8
enumerated value

data type (3.3.7) consisting of a set of named values (3.4.3) called elements, members, enumeral, or

enumerators of the type

[SOURCE: ISO 23387:2020, 3.5, modified — The preferred term has been changed from "enumerated

type value" to "enumerated value".]
3.3.9
globally unique identifier
GUID
unique identifier (3.2.7) generated using an algorithm
[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.13, modified — Note 1 to entry has been removed.]
3.3.10
building information modelling
BIM

use of a shared digital representation of an asset to facilitate design, construction and operation

processes to form a reliable basis for decisions
[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.6]
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 22057:2022(E)
3.3.11
machine-interpretable data

data (3.3.1) that is in a specific context and format and can be read and stored in a computer system

such that action may be taken based on the content of the data
[SOURCE: ISO 10303-232:2002, 3.5.3, modifie
...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 22057
Première édition
2022-04
Développement durable dans les
bâtiments et ouvrages de génie civil —
Modèles de données pour l’utilisation
des déclarations environnementales
de produits (DEP) pour les produits de
construction dans la modélisation des
informations de la construction (BIM)
Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works — Data
templates for the use of environmental product declarations (EPDs)
for construction products in building information modelling (BIM)
Numéro de référence
ISO 22057:2022(F)
© ISO 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 22057:2022(F)
DOCUMENT PROTÉGÉ PAR COPYRIGHT
© ISO 2022

Tous droits réservés. Sauf prescription différente ou nécessité dans le contexte de sa mise en œuvre, aucune partie de cette

publication ne peut être reproduite ni utilisée sous quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun procédé, électronique ou mécanique,

y compris la photocopie, ou la diffusion sur l’internet ou sur un intranet, sans autorisation écrite préalable. Une autorisation peut

être demandée à l’ISO à l’adresse ci-après ou au comité membre de l’ISO dans le pays du demandeur.

ISO copyright office
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Publié en Suisse
© ISO 2022 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 22057:2022(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. vi

1 Domaine d’application ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Références normatives ..................................................................................................................................................................................1

3 Termes et définitions ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.1 Termes relatifs au label environnemental et aux produits de construction ................................... 2

3.2 Termes relatifs aux concepts, objets et propriétés ................................................................................................. 2

3.3 Termes relatifs aux données ........................................................................................................................................... ............ 4

3.4 Autres termes .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Termes abrégés ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5 Finalité des modèles de données ........................................................................................................................................................7

5.1 Généralités ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.2 Données de DEP et données génériques de l’ACV/utilisation de l’information ............................. 8

5.3 Données génériques de l’ACV ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Harmonisation de la terminologie .................................................................................................................................................... 9

7 Création de modèles de données ........................................................................................................................................................9

7.1 Généralités ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

7.2 Création d’un concept représentant un document de référence dans un

dictionnaire de données .............................................................................................................................................................. 12

7.3 Créer un concept représentant un modèle de données dans un dictionnaire de

données ......................................................................................................................................................................................................12

7.4 Création d’un concept représentant des propriétés dans un dictionnaire de données ......13

7.5 Création d’un concept représentant des groupes de propriétés dans un

dictionnaire de données .............................................................................................................................................................. 13

8 Renseignement du contenu de la DEP dans les fiches de données à l’aide du concept

de modèle de données .................................................................................................................................................................................14

8.1 Généralités .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 14

8.2 Informations générales de la DEP ‒ Groupe de propriétés .......................................................................... 15

8.2.1 Généralités ............................................................................................................................................................................15

8.2.2 Informations sur le produit ‒ Sous-ensemble du groupe de propriétés des

informations générales de la DEP .................................................................................................................... 15

8.2.3 Déclaration de contenu ‒ Sous-ensemble du groupe de propriétés des

informations générales de la DEP .................................................................................................................... 16

8.2.4 Type de DEP ‒ Sous-ensemble du groupe de propriétés des informations

générales de la DEP ....................................................................................................................................................... 17

8.2.5 Opérateur du programme ‒ Sous-ensemble du groupe de propriétés des

informations générales de la DEP .................................................................................................................... 18

8.2.6 Données techniques ‒ Sous-ensemble du groupe de propriétés des

informations générales de la DEP .................................................................................................................... 19

8.3 Cadre méthodologique de la DEP ‒ Groupe de propriétés ............................................................................ 19

8.3.1 Généralités ............................................................................................................................................................................ 19

8.3.2 Spécification méthodologique de la DEP ‒ Sous-ensemble du groupe de

propriétés du cadre méthodologique de la DEP .................................................................................. 20

8.3.3 Unité de référence et RSL ‒ Sous-ensemble du groupe de propriétés du

cadre méthodologique de la DEP ...................................................................................................................... 22

8.3.4 Grandeur de référence et facteur d’échelle ‒ Sous-ensemble du groupe de

propriétés du cadre méthodologique de la DEP .................................................................................. 24

8.4 Scénarios ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 25

8.4.1 Généralités ............................................................................................................................................................................ 25

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ISO 22057:2022(F)
8.4.2 Scénarios de transport pour les modules A4 et C2 et scénario de transport
dans d’autres modules d’informations (par exemple, B2 à B5) ‒ modèle de

données .................................................................................................................................................................................... 26

8.4.3 Module d’informations A5 ......................................................................................................................................28

8.4.4 Module d’informations B1 .......................................................................................................................................30

8.4.5 Module d’informations B2 .......................................................................................................................................30

8.4.6 Modules d’informations B3, B4 et B5 ............................................................................................................ 32

8.4.7 Modules d’informations B6 et B7 .....................................................................................................................34

8.4.8 Module d’informations C1 .......................................................................................................................................34

8.4.9 Module d’informations C2 ....................................................................................................................................... 36

8.4.10 Module d’informations C3 ....................................................................................................................................... 36

8.4.11 Module d’informations C4 ....................................................................................................................................... 37

8.4.12 Module D .................................................................................................................................................................................38

8.5 Indicateurs environnementaux provenant de l’ACV ..........................................................................................40

8.6 Informations environnementales additionnelles .................................................................................................49

Annexe A (normative) Liste de tous les concepts avec GUID ...................................................................................................50

Annexe B (informative) Relation entre ILCD + DEP, INIES et OpenEPD .......................................................................51

Annexe C (informative) Structure des modèles de données ‒ Diagramme UML ...............................................52

Annexe D (informative) DEP dans les déclarations de marquage CE intelligent ...............................................53

Bibliographie ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................60

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ISO 22057:2022(F)
Avant-propos

L'ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération mondiale d'organismes

nationaux de normalisation (comités membres de l'ISO). L'élaboration des Normes internationales est

en général confiée aux comités techniques de l'ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une étude

a le droit de faire partie du comité technique créé à cet effet. Les organisations internationales,

gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, en liaison avec l'ISO participent également aux travaux.

L'ISO collabore étroitement avec la Commission électrotechnique internationale (IEC) en ce qui

concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.

Les procédures utilisées pour élaborer le présent document et celles destinées à sa mise à jour sont

décrites dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 1. Il convient, en particulier, de prendre note des différents

critères d'approbation requis pour les différents types de documents ISO. Le présent document a

été rédigé conformément aux règles de rédaction données dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 2 (voir

www.iso.org/directives).

L'attention est attirée sur le fait que certains des éléments du présent document peuvent faire l'objet de

droits de propriété intellectuelle ou de droits analogues. L'ISO ne saurait être tenue pour responsable

de ne pas avoir identifié de tels droits de propriété et averti de leur existence. Les détails concernant

les références aux droits de propriété intellectuelle ou autres droits analogues identifiés lors de

l'élaboration du document sont indiqués dans l'Introduction et/ou dans la liste des déclarations de

brevets reçues par l'ISO (voir www.iso.org/brevets).

Les appellations commerciales éventuellement mentionnées dans le présent document sont données

pour information, par souci de commodité, à l’intention des utilisateurs et ne sauraient constituer un

engagement.

Pour une explication de la nature volontaire des normes, la signification des termes et expressions

spécifiques de l'ISO liés à l'évaluation de la conformité, ou pour toute information au sujet de l'adhésion

de l'ISO aux principes de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) concernant les obstacles

techniques au commerce (OTC), voir www.iso.org/avant-propos.

Le présent document a été élaboré par le comité technique ISO/TC 59, Bâtiments et ouvrages de

génie civil, sous-comité SC 17, Développement durable dans les bâtiments et les ouvrages de génie civil,

en collaboration avec le comité technique CEN/TC 350, Contribution des ouvrages de construction au

développement durable, du Comité européen de normalisation (CEN), conformément à l’Accord de

coopération technique entre l’ISO et le CEN (Accord de Vienne).

Il convient que l’utilisateur adresse tout retour d’information ou toute question concernant le présent

document à l’organisme national de normalisation de son pays. Une liste exhaustive desdits organismes

se trouve à l’adresse www.iso.org/fr/members.html.
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ISO 22057:2022(F)
Introduction

Les déclarations environnementales de produits (DEP) sont des déclarations environnementales

de Type III (voir ISO 14025) qui fournissent des données environnementales quantifiées à l’aide de

paramètres prédéterminés basés sur l’ISO 14040 et l’ISO 14044, ainsi que d’autres informations

environnementales, le cas échéant. L’ISO 21930, l’EN 15804:2012+A1:2013 et l’EN 15804:2012+A2:2019

constituent des sources normalisées des règles de base régissant les catégories de produits (RCP)

applicables pour l’élaboration de DEP pour les produits de construction, afin de fournir des données

modulaires permettant une évaluation cohérente des impacts environnementaux au niveau de l’ouvrage

de construction.

Tous les types d’évaluations au niveau de l’ouvrage de construction sont complexes et la modélisation

des informations de la construction (BIM) propose un processus qui permet de décrire et de présenter

les informations requises dans la programmation, la conception, la réalisation, l’exploitation et la fin de

vie des bâtiments. L’approche BIM est en constante évolution et vise à englober tous les aspects du cadre

bâti, y compris les infrastructures civiles, les établissements et les espaces publics. Les concepteurs,

propriétaires et autres parties prenantes du secteur de la construction s’orientent de plus en plus vers

le BIM pour les aider à maîtriser les impacts environnementaux de l’ouvrage de construction.

La série ISO 19650 spécifie les concepts et les principes recommandés pour les processus métiers mis

en œuvre en soutien de la gestion et de la production d’informations pendant le cycle de vie des actifs

immobiliers, en utilisant le BIM. Dans ce contexte, la normalisation est de la plus haute importance.

Les données interprétables par machine sont essentielles pour garantir un échange d’informations

fiable et durable, et un modèle de données facilite la fourniture normalisée de données sous la forme de

fiches de données interprétables par machine pour une utilisation en BIM. Par conséquent, les données

fournies dans les DEP, comme d’autres données de produits de construction, sont nécessaires au format

interprétable par machine pour permettre leur utilisation en BIM.

Les modèles de données permettent aux parties prenantes d’un projet de construction d’échanger des

informations sur les objets de construction tout au long du cycle de vie d’un actif immobilier grâce à

la même structure de données, la même terminologie et d’identifiants globaux uniques permettant

l’interprétation et l’exploitation des données par machine. Il convient que les modèles de données soient

normalisés et mis à la disposition du secteur du cadre bâti par le biais de dictionnaires de données

basés sur l’ISO 12006-3.

Le présent document fournit et explique la structure de modèles de données permettant de prendre

en charge la fourniture de données de DEP et de données génériques d’analyse du cycle de vie (ACV)

sous la forme de fiches de données normalisées interprétables par machine afin de faciliter l’évaluation

de la performance environnementale de l’ouvrage de construction tout au long de son cycle de vie.

La méthode utilisée dans le présent document à cet effet est un modèle de données créé conformément

aux normes ISO 23386 et ISO 23387, ainsi que la fiche de données qui en résulte.

Cela comprend à la fois les données obligatoires et facultatives issues de différents types de DEP, telles

que les DEP moyennes (voir ISO 21930:2017, Annexe B), ainsi que d’autres informations pertinentes

nécessaires à l’utilisation des DEP au niveau de l’ouvrage de construction dans un environnement BIM.

La Figure 1 illustre la relation entre les données, les modèles de données, les fiches de données, le BIM

et l’évaluation environnementale au niveau de l’ouvrage de construction.

Figure 1 — Relation entre les données, les modèles de données, les fiches de données, le BIM et

l’évaluation environnementale au niveau de l’ouvrage de construction
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ISO 22057:2022(F)

La mise à disposition de données issues d’une DEP selon l’ISO 21930, l’EN 15804:2012+A1:2013 ou

l’EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 dans un format interprétable par machine suppose qu’il est nécessaire

de normaliser certaines informations selon des modalités qui ne sont pas prises en compte dans ces

normes. Historiquement, les données d’indicateurs pour les modules d’informations «de la sortie d’usine

à la fin de vie» issues d’une DEP interprétable par machine n’étaient généralement pas utilisées du fait

que la description des informations de scénario n’était pas fournie simultanément dans un format

interprétable par machine et/ou les données n’étaient pas mises à disposition avec suffisamment de

flexibilité pour permettre une adaptation à différents scénarios au niveau de l’ouvrage de construction.

En réponse à ces besoins, le présent document fournit des spécifications pour la mise à disposition de

données de scénarios de sortie d’usine à la tombe pour une DEP dans des formats interprétables par

machine, afin que ces données soient plus appropriées pour l’évaluation environnementale au niveau de

l’ouvrage de construction en ayant recours au BIM.

La Figure 2 illustre la relation entre le présent document et d’autres normes relatives aux bâtiments et

ouvrages de génie civil traitant du BIM et du développement durable.
Figure 2 — Relation entre les normes BIM et les normes de développement durable

Les exigences énoncées dans le présent document sont complétées par des informations techniques

relatives aux produits et services de construction, éléments de construction et systèmes techniques

intégrés. Elles peuvent, de ce fait, être interprétables par machine. Les informations techniques

désignent les exigences et les conditions énoncées dans les normes et les spécifications pertinentes

pour les produits de construction. Le présent document recommande l’application des mêmes

principes pour la structuration des informations (concepts de modèles de données) et l’utilisation des

informations techniques existantes créées par d’autres experts du domaine. L’Annexe D propose des

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ISO 22057:2022(F)

recommandations sur la fourniture d’informations conformément aux principes du présent document

et aux principes de la norme CWA 17316 et du marquage CE intelligent.

EXEMPLE En Europe, les experts du Règlement Produits de construction (RPC) sont responsables de la

création et du maintien des informations techniques en s’appuyant sur les normes européennes harmonisées.

Ces informations techniques dans des normes ou des spécifications techniques peuvent déjà exister

dans un dictionnaire de données et les experts DEP/ACV peuvent les utiliser pour la description

technique des produits dans une DEP.

Le présent document est destiné à faciliter la compréhension des différents concepts de modèles et de

leur relation avec les informations de DEP, ainsi qu’à permettre aux utilisateurs de créer de nouveaux

concepts selon leurs besoins spécifiques.

NOTE Par exemple, les experts qui élaborent des RCP de sous-catégorie conformément à l’ISO 21930 ou des

RCP complémentaires (RCP-c) conformément à l’EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 peuvent créer un modèle de données

pour des exigences spécifiques supplémentaires dans les RCP de sous-catégorie ou RCP-c pour le groupe de

produits concerné.

Il convient que les utilisateurs du présent document puissent trouver le modèle de données décrit

dans le présent document dans les dictionnaires de données existantes; cependant, dans le cas où un

dictionnaire de données ne prendrait pas en charge la structure, il convient qu’ils puissent être en

mesure de recréer la structure du modèle de données dans leurs propres applications en utilisant les

informations fournies dans l’Annexe A.

Le présent document assure également l’harmonisation entre l’approche qui y est proposée et les

formats déjà existants tels que ILCD + DEP, INIES et OpenEPD (voir Annexe B).
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NORME INTERNATIONALE ISO 22057:2022(F)
Développement durable dans les bâtiments et ouvrages
de génie civil — Modèles de données pour l’utilisation des
déclarations environnementales de produits (DEP) pour
les produits de construction dans la modélisation des
informations de la construction (BIM)
1 Domaine d’application

Le présent document fournit les principes et les exigences permettant d’utiliser les données

environnementales et techniques fournies dans les DEP pour les produits et services de construction,

les éléments de construction et les systèmes techniques intégrés dans le cadre du BIM afin de faciliter

l’évaluation de la performance environnementale d’un ouvrage de construction tout au long de son

cycle de vie.

Le présent document fournit des exigences relatives à la structuration des informations de DEP au

moyen d’un modèle de données conformément à l’ISO 23386 et l’ISO 23387, afin de rendre les données

de DEP interprétables par machine et de permettre leur intégration dans les étapes de conception,

construction, exploitation et fin de vie basées sur l’information.

Le présent document s’applique également à la structuration des données génériques de l’ACV à

utiliser dans un environnement BIM, car ces données sont requises en l’absence de données de DEP

spécifiques pour permettre l’évaluation de la performance environnementale au niveau de l’ouvrage de

construction.

L’évaluation de la performance environnementale au niveau de l’ouvrage de construction n’est pas

traitée dans le présent document.
2 Références normatives

Les documents suivants sont cités dans le texte de sorte qu’ils constituent, pour tout ou partie de leur

contenu, des exigences du présent document. Pour les références datées, seule l’édition citée s’applique.

Pour les références non datées, la dernière édition du document de référence s’applique (y compris les

éventuels amendements).

ISO 6707-1, Bâtiments et ouvrages de génie civil — Vocabulaire — Partie 1: Termes généraux

ISO 14040, Management environnemental — Analyse du cycle de vie — Principes et cadre

ISO 14050, Management environnemental — Vocabulaire

ISO 21930, Développement durable dans les bâtiments et les ouvrages de génie civil — Règles principales

pour les déclarations environnementales des produits de construction et des services

ISO 23386, Modélisation des informations de la construction et autres processus numériques utilisés en

construction — Méthodologie de description, de création et de gestion des propriétés dans les dictionnaires

de données interconnectés

E N 158 0 4:2012+A 1: 2013, Contribution des ouvrages de construction au développement durable —

Déclarations environnementales sur les produits — Règles régissant les catégories de produits de

construction
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ISO 22057:2022(F)

E N 158 0 4:2012+A 2: 2019, Contribution des ouvrages de construction au développement durable —

Déclarations environnementales sur les produits — Règles régissant les catégories de produits de

construction
3 Termes et définitions

Pour les besoins du présent document, les termes et définitions de l’ISO 6707-1, l’ISO 14040, l’ISO 14050,

l’ISO 21930, l’EN 15804:2012+A2: 2019 ainsi que les suivants, s’appliquent.

L’ISO et l’IEC tiennent à jour des bases de données terminologiques destinées à être utilisées en

normalisation, consultables aux adresses suivantes:

— ISO Online browsing platform: disponible à l’adresse https:// www .iso .org/ obp

— IEC Electropedia: disponible à l’adresse https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Termes relatifs au label environnemental et aux produits de construction
3.1.1
objet de construction
objet (3.2.3) d’intérêt dans le contexte d’un processus de construction
EXEMPLE 1 L’objet de construction «mur» est un type de système.

EXEMPLE 2 L’objet de construction «élément de maçonnerie en silicate de calcium» est un type de produit de

construction.

Note 1 à l'article: Voir ISO 21931-1:2010, 3.11 pour la définition de «processus» et ISO 6707-1:2020, 3.3.5.6 pour

celle de «construction».

[SOURCE: ISO 12006-2:2015, 3.1.2, modifiée — Les EXEMPLES 1 et 2 et la Note 1 à l’article ont été

ajoutés.]
3.1.2
module d’informations

compilation de données (3.3.1) servant de base à une DEP, couvrant un procédé type ou un ensemble de

procédés types faisant partie du cycle de vie (3.1.3) d’un produit

[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.13, modifiée — La référence à «une déclaration environnementale de

type III» a été remplacée par «une DEP».]
3.1.3
cycle de vie

phases consécutives et liées d’un système de produits (ou de services), de l’acquisition des matières

premières ou de la génération des ressources naturelles à l’élimination finale

Note 1 à l'article: Les phases du cycle de vie incluent l’acquisition des matières premières, la conception, la

production, le transport/la livraison, l’utilisation, le traitement en fin de vie et l’élimination finale.

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.3.3]
3.2 Termes relatifs aux concepts, objets et propriétés
3.2.1
concept

unité de connaissance créée par une combinaison unique de caractéristiques (3.2.2)

[SOURCE: ISO 1087:2019, 3.2.7, modifiée — Les Notes 1 et 2 à l’article ont été supprimées.]

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ISO 22057:2022(F)
3.2.2
caractéristique
abstraction d’une propriété (3.2.5)

Note 1 à l'article: Les caractéristiques servent à décrire les concepts (3.2.1) et les objets de construction (3.1.1).

[SOURCE: ISO 1087:2019, 3.2.1, modifiée — L’EXEMPLE a été supprimé et une référence aux «objets de

construction» a été ajoutée à la Note 1 à l’article.]
3.2.3
objet
toute partie du monde qu’il est possible de percevoir ou de concevoir

Note 1 à l'article: Un objet est une chose abstraite ou physique vers laquelle s’oriente une pensée, un sentiment ou

une action.
[SOURCE: ISO 12006-2:2015, 3.1.1]
3.2.4
domaine
champ d’activité couvrant une science, une technique, un matériau, etc

Note 1 à l'article: Un domaine peut être associé à un groupe auquel la propriété (3.2.5) s’applique.

[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.11]
3.2.5
propriété
caractéristique inhérente ou acquise d’un élément ou objet (3.2.3)
EXEMPLE 1 Rendement thermique, flux de chaleur, indice d’affaib
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 22057
ISO/TC 59/SC 17
Sustainability in buildings and civil
Secretariat: AFNOR
engineering works – Data templates
Voting begins on:
2021-12-06 for the use of environmental product
declarations (EPDs) for construction
Voting terminates on:
2022-01-31
products in building information
modelling (BIM)
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. © ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Terms relating to environmental labelling and construction products .............................................. 2

3.2 Terms relating to concepts, objects and properties .............................................................................................. 2

3.3 Terms relating to data ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3

3.4 Other terms ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5 Purpose of data templates .........................................................................................................................................................................7

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 EPD data and generic LCA data/information use .................................................................................................... 7

5.3 Generic LCA data .................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

6 Terminology alignment ................................................................................................................................................................................8

7 Creating data templates ...............................................................................................................................................................................9

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.2 Creating a data dictionary concept representing a reference document ........................................ 11

7.3 Create a data dictionary concept representing a data template ............................................................. 11

7.4 Creating a data dictionary concept representing properties ....................................................................12

7.5 Creating a data dictionary concept representing groups of properties ...........................................12

8 Providing EPD content in data sheets using the data template concept ...............................................12

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

8.2 EPD general information – group of properties ..................................................................................................... 13

8.2.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................13

8.2.2 Product information – sub-set of EPD general information group of

properties .............................................................................................................................................................................. 14

8.2.3 Content declaration – sub-set of EPD general information group of

properties .............................................................................................................................................................................. 14

8.2.4 EPD type – sub-set of EPD general information group of properties ...............................15

8.2.5 Programme operator – sub-set of EPD general information group of

properties .............................................................................................................................................................................. 16

8.2.6 Technical data – sub-set of EPD general information group of properties ................. 17

8.3 EPD methodological framework – group of properties .................................................................................. 17

8.3.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 17

8.3.2 EPD methodological specification– sub-set of the EPD methodological

framework group of properties ......................................................................................................................... 18

8.3.3 Reference unit and RSL – sub-set of the EPD methodological framework

group of properties .......................................................................................................................................................20

8.3.4 Reference quantity and scaling factor – sub-set of EPD methodological

framework group of properties ......................................................................................................................... 22

8.4 Scenarios ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 22

8.4.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................22

8.4.2 Scenarios for transport for information modules A4, C2, and for transport

in other information modules (e.g. B2 to B5) – data template ...............................................23

8.4.3 Information module A5 ............................................................................................................................................. 25

8.4.4 Information module B1 ............................................................................................................................................. 27

8.4.5 Information module B2 ............................................................................................................................................. 27

8.4.6 Information modules B3, B4 and B5 ..............................................................................................................29

8.4.7 Information modules B6 and B7 ........................................................................................................................30

8.4.8 Information module C1 .............................................................................................................................................. 30

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ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)

8.4.9 Information module C2 .............................................................................................................................................. 32

8.4.10 Information module C3 .............................................................................................................................................. 32

8.4.11 Information module C4 ........................................................................................................................................... ...33

8.4.12 Module D .................................................................................................................................................................................34

8.5 Environmental indicators derived from LCA ...........................................................................................................36

8.6 Additional environmental information ......................................................................................................................... 43

Annex A (normative) List of all concepts with GUID ....................................................................................................................... 44

Annex B (informative) Relationship ILCD + EPD, INIES and OpenEPD .........................................................................45

Annex C (informative) Data templates structure – UML diagram .....................................................................................46

Annex D (informative) EPD in smart CE marking declarations ...........................................................................................47

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................52

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ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 59, Buildings and civil engineering works,

Subcommittee SC 17, Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works, in collaboration with the

European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 350, Sustainability of

construction works, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN

(Vienna Agreement).

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
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ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)
Introduction

Environmental product declarations (EPDs) are Type III environmental declarations (see

ISO 14025) that provide quantified environmental data using predetermined parameters based on

ISO 14040 and ISO 14044 and, where relevant, additional environmental information. ISO 21930,

EN 15804:2012+A1:2013 and EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 are standardized sources of the core product

category rules (PCR) to develop EPDs for construction products to provide modular data to enable

consistent assessment of environmental impacts at the construction works level.

All types of assessment at construction works level are complex; and building information modelling

(BIM) provides a process for describing and displaying information required in the planning, design,

construction, operation and end-of-life of constructed facilities. The BIM approach is expanding to

encompass all aspects of the built environment, including civil infrastructure, utilities and public

spaces. Designers, owners and other stakeholders in the construction sector are increasingly looking to

BIM to assist them in addressing the environmental impacts of construction works.

The ISO 19650 series sets out the recommended concepts and principles for business processes to

support the management and production of information during the life cycle of constructed assets

when using BIM. To do this, standardization is of the highest importance. Machine-interpretable data

are essential to providing a reliable and sustainable exchange of information; and a data template

supports the standardized provision of data in machine-interpretable data sheet formats for use in BIM.

The data provided in EPDs, like other construction product data, are therefore needed in a machine-

interpretable format to enable their use in BIM.

Data templates enable construction project stakeholders to exchange information about construction

objects throughout the life cycle of a constructed asset, using the same data structure, terminology,

and globally unique identifiers to enable the data to be machine-interpretable and interoperable. Data

templates should be standardized and made available across the built environment sector through data

dictionaries based on ISO 12006-3.

This document provides and explains the data template structure to support the provision of both

EPD and generic life cycle assessment (LCA) data in standardized machine-interpretable data sheet

formats to assist in the assessment of the environmental performance of the construction works over

its life cycle. The mechanism used in this document to enable this is a data template created following

ISO 23386 and ISO 23387 and the resulting data sheet.

This includes both mandatory and optional data from different types of EPD, such as, average EPD (see

ISO 21930:2017, Annex B), and other relevant information necessary for use of EPDs at the construction

works level within a BIM environment. Figure 1 shows the relationship between data, data templates,

data sheets, BIM and environmental assessment at the construction works level.

Figure 1 — Relationship between data, data templates, data sheets, BIM and environmental

assessment at the construction works level
Providing the data from an EPD according to ISO 21930, EN 15804:2012+A1:2013 or

EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 in machine-interpretable format means some information needs to be

standardized in ways not considered in those standards. Historically, the indicator data for gate-to-grave

information modules from a machine-interpretable EPD were often not used because the description

of the scenario information was not concurrently provided in machine-interpretable format; and/or

the data were not provided in a sufficiently flexible fashion to allow adaption for different scenarios at

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ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)

the construction works level. Responding to these needs, this document provides specifications for the

provision of gate-to-grave scenario data for an EPD in machine-interpretable formats, so the data are

more appropriate for environmental assessment at the construction works level when using BIM.

Figure 2 shows the relationship between this document and other standards for buildings and civil

engineering works related to BIM and sustainability.
Figure 2 — Relationship between BIM standards and sustainability standards

The requirements in this document are further supplemented by technical information about

construction products and services, construction elements and integrated technical systems so they

can be machine-interpretable. Technical information means requirements and conditions as stated

in standards and specifications relevant for construction products. This document recommends the

use of the same principles for structuring information (data template concepts) and the use of existing

technical information created by other domain experts. Annex D offers guidance on the delivery of

information according to the principles of this document according to the principles described in CWA

17316 and smart CE marking.

EXAMPLE In Europe, Construction Products Regulation (CPR) experts are responsible for creating and

maintaining technical information based on European harmonized standards.

This technical information in standards or technical specifications can already exist in a data dictionary;

and EPD/LCA experts can use it for the technical description of products in an EPD.

vii
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ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)

This document is intended to help in understanding the different template concepts and their relation

to EPD information and to enable users to create new concepts according to their specific needs.

NOTE For example, experts developing sub-category PCR according to ISO 21930 or complementary PCR

(c-PCR) according to EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 can create a data template for additional specific requirements in

the sub-category PCR or c-PCR for the relevant product group.

Users of this document should be able to find the data template described in this document in existing

data dictionaries; but in case there is a data dictionary that does not support the structure, they should

be able to recreate the data template structure in their own implementations using the information

provided in Annex A.

This document also ensures the alignment between the proposed approach in it and already existing

formats like ILCD + EPD, INIES and OpenEPD (see Annex B).
viii
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FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)
Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works
– Data templates for the use of environmental product
declarations (EPDs) for construction products in building
information modelling (BIM)
1 Scope

This document provides the principles and requirements to enable environmental and technical

data provided in EPDs for construction products and services, construction elements and integrated

technical systems to be used in BIM to assist in the assessment of the environmental performance of a

construction works over its life cycle.

This document gives requirements on structuring EPD information using a data template according to

ISO 23386 and ISO 23387, to make EPD data machine-interpretable and to enable their integration into

information-driven design, construction, use and end-of-life stages.

This document is applicable to structuring generic LCA data for use within a BIM environment, as

these data are required in the absence of suitable EPD data to enable assessment of the environmental

performance at the construction works level.

The assessment of environmental performance at the construction works level is not covered by this

document.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 6707-1, Buildings and civil engineering works — Vocabulary — Part 1: General terms

ISO 14040, Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Principles and framework

ISO 14050, Environmental management — Vocabulary

ISO 21930, Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works — Core rules for environmental product

declarations of construction products and services

ISO 23386, Building information modelling and other digital processes used in construction — Methodology

to describe, author and maintain properties in interconnected data dictionaries

E N 158 0 4:2012+A 1: 2013, Sustainability of construction works — Environmental product declarations —

Core rules for the product category of construction products

E N 158 0 4:2012+A 2: 2019, Sustainability of construction works — Environmental product declarations —

Core rules for the product category of construction products
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 6707-1, ISO 14040, ISO 14050,

ISO 21930, EN 15804:2012+A2: 2019 and the following apply.
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ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Terms relating to environmental labelling and construction products
3.1.1
construction object
object (3.2.3) of interest in the context of a construction process
EXAMPLE 1 The construction object “wall” is a type of system.

EXAMPLE 2 The construction object “calcium silicate masonry unit” is a type of construction product.

Note 1 to entry: See ISO 21931-1:2010, 3.11 for the definition of “process” and ISO 6707-1:2020, 3.3.5.6 for the

definition of “construction.”

[SOURCE: ISO 12006-2:2015, 3.1.2, modified — EXAMPLEs 1 and 2 and note 1 to entry have been added.]

3.1.2
information module

compilation of data (3.3.1) to be used as a basis for an EPD, covering a unit process or a combination of

unit processes that are part of the life cycle (3.1.3) of a product

[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.13, modified — Reference to "a Type III environmental declaration" has

been replaced by "an EPD".]
3.1.3
life cycle

consecutive and interlinked stages of a product (or service) system, from raw material acquisition or

generation from natural resources to final disposal

Note 1 to entry: The life cycle stages include acquisition of raw materials, design, production, transportation/

delivery, use, end-of-life treatment and final disposal.
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.3.3]
3.2 Terms relating to concepts, objects and properties
3.2.1
concept
unit of knowledge created by a unique combination of characteristics (3.2.2)

[SOURCE: ISO 1087:2019, 3.2.7, modified — Notes 1 and 2 to entry have been removed.]

3.2.2
characteristic
abstraction of a property (3.2.5)

Note 1 to entry: Characteristics are used for describing concepts (3.2.1) and construction objects (3.1.1).

[SOURCE: ISO 1087:2019, 3.2.1, modified — EXAMPLE has been removed; reference to "construction

objects" has been added to note 1 to entry.]
3.2.3
object
any part of the perceivable or conceivable world

Note 1 to entry: An object is something abstract or physical toward which thought, feeling, or action is directed.

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ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)
[SOURCE: ISO 12006-2:2015, 3.1.1]
3.2.4
domain
area of activity covering a science, a technique, a material, etc.

Note 1 to entry: A domain can be associated with a group to which the property (3.2.5) applies.

[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.11]
3.2.5
property
inherent or acquired feature of an item or object (3.2.3)

EXAMPLE 1 Thermal efficiency, heat flow, sound reduction index, sound power level, colour.

EXAMPLE 2 ‘Being made of wood’ as a property of a given construction product.
Note 1 to entry: One or more objects can have the same property.

[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.17, modified — A reference to "object" in the definition, EXAMPLE 2 and

note 1 to entry have been added.]
3.2.6
group of properties
collection enabling the properties (3.2.5) to be prearranged or organized

[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.14, modified — Four notes to entry have been removed.]

3.2.7
identifier

string (3.3.12) of characters created by an organization to reference a dataset (3.3.5)

3.2.8
quantity

property (3.2.5) of a phenomenon, body, or substance, where the property has a magnitude that can be

expressed by means of a number and a reference
EXAMPLE 1 Length, mass, electric current (ISQ base quantities).
EXAMPLE 2 Plane angle, force, power (derived quantities).
Note 1 to entry: Quantities can appear as base quantities or derived quantities.
[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.16]
3.3 Terms relating to data
3.3.1
data

reinterpretable representation of information in a formalized manner suitable for communication,

interpretation, or processing
[SOURCE: ISO 8000-2:2020, 3.2.2]
3.3.2
data template

data (3.3.1) structure used to describe the characteristics (3.2.2) of construction objects (3.1.1)

[SOURCE: ISO 23387:2020, 3.3, modified — Two EXAMPLES and two notes to entry have been removed.]

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ISO/FDIS 22057:2021(E)
3.3.3
data sheet

completed data template (3.3.2) containing the relevant values (3.4.3) and other information

representing the content of the EPD
3.3.4
data dictionary

centralized repository of information about data (3.3.1) such as meaning, relationships to other data,

origin, usage and format
[SOURCE: ISO 23387:2020, 3.2, modified — The note to entry has been removed]
3.3.5
dataset
identifiable collection of data (3.3.1)
EXAMPLE Integer, Real, Boolean (3.3.15), String (3.3.12), Date, and GM_Point.
Note 1 to entry: A data type (3.3.7) is identified by a term, e.g. Integer.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 30182:2017, 2.6]
3.3.6
data quality

characteristics (3.2.2) of data (3.3.1) that relate to their ability to satisfy stated requirements

[SOURCE: ISO 14044:2006, 3.19]
3.3.7
data type
named set of values (3.4.3)

[SOURCE: ISO 10161-1:2014, 3.2.1, modified — The preferred term "type" has been removed.]

3.3.8
enumerated value

data type (3.3.7) consisting of a set of named values (3.4.3) called elements, members, enumeral, or

enumerators of the type

[SOURCE: ISO 23387:2020, 3.5, modified — The preferred term has been changed from "enumerated

type value" to "enumerated value".]
3.3.9
globally unique identifier
GUID
unique identifier (3.2.7) generated using an algorithm
[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.13, modified — Note 1 to entry has been removed.]
3.3.10
building information modelling
BIM

use of a shared digital representation of an asset to facilitate design, construction and operation

processes to
...

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