Conformity assessment — Confidentiality — Principles and requirements

ISO/PAS 17002:2004 contains principles and requirements for the element of confidentiality as it relates to conformity assessment. It is an internal tool for use in the ISO standards development process by ISO/CASCO working groups when addressing the element of confidentiality in the preparation of their documents. ISO/PAS 17002:2004 is not a stand-alone normative document to be used directly in conformity assessment activities.

Évaluation de la conformité — Confidentialité — Principes et exigences

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ISO/PAS 17002:2004 - Conformity assessment -- Confidentiality -- Principles and requirements
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Conformity assessment —
Confidentiality — Principles and
Évaluation de la conformité — Confidentialité — Principes et exigences

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ISO/PAS 17002:2004(E)
ISO 2004

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ISO/PAS 17002:2004(E)
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ISO/PAS 17002:2004(E)
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies
(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO
technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been
established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and
non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.
International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.
The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards
adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an
International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.
In other circumstances, particularly when there is an urgent market requirement for such documents, a
technical committee may decide to publish other types of normative document:
 an ISO Publicly Available Specification (ISO/PAS) represents an agreement between technical experts in
an ISO working group and is accepted for publication if it is approved by more than 50 % of the members
of the parent committee casting a vote;
 an ISO Technical Specification (ISO/TS) represents an agreement between the members of a technical
committee and is accepted for publication if it is approved by 2/3 of the members of the committee casting
a vote.
An ISO/PAS or ISO/TS is reviewed after three years in order to decide whether it will be confirmed for a
further three years, revised to become an International Standard, or withdrawn. If the ISO/PAS or ISO/TS is
confirmed, it is reviewed again after a further three years, at which time it must either be transformed into an
International Standard or be withdrawn.
ISO/PAS 17002 was prepared by the ISO Committee on conformity assessment (CASCO).
© ISO 2004 – All rights reserved iii

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ISO/PAS 17002:2004(E)
In 2001 the ISO Council asked its policy committee on conformity assessment (ISO/CASCO) to study and
prepare a group of common elements for application in future ISO documents on conformity assessment.
Subsequent to this request, ISO/CASCO approved the formation of Working Group 23, Common elements in
ISO/IEC Standards for conformity assessment activities, to undertake this task.
The working group has identified several common elements, including among others
 impartiality,
 confidentiality,
 complaints and appeals,
 management systems.
This Publicly Available Specification (PAS) addresses the “confidentiality” element that occurs in many of the
ISO/IEC Guides and International Standards on conformity assessment.
The PAS covers the agreed principles that give substance to the element of confidentiality, and also provides
requirements clauses intended to be included in future ISO/IEC International Standards on conformity
This PAS is intended to apply to the drafting of documents on conformity assessment by ISO/CASCO.
Clause 4 (Principles) contains statements that are intended to orientate ISO/CASCO working groups in their
task of creating requirements to address confidentiality in their documents.
The requirements to be inserted into future ISO/CASCO documents that cover the common element of
“confidentiality” are detailed in Clause 5. ISO/CASCO has adopted a common structure for the presentation of
requirements. Requirements should be grouped under one or more of the following headings:
a) General requirements;
b) Structural requirements;
c) Resource requirements;
d) Process requirements;
e) Management system requirements.
As such, each of the common elements will have requirements related to it group

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