Information technology -- Underwater acoustic sensor network (UWASN) -- Application profiles

ISO/IEC 30143:2020 provides the guidelines for designing and developing new applications in the underwater environment such as fish farming, environment monitoring, harbour security, etc. This document also: • provides the components required for developing the application; • provides instructions for modelling the application with examples; • helps the user to understand the communication between the elements in the application for modelling the communication between elements; • guides the user with the design process of underwater applications.

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Publication Date
22-Jun-2020
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23-Jun-2020
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ISO/IEC 30143:2020 - Information technology -- Underwater acoustic sensor network (UWASN) -- Application profiles
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ISO/IEC 30143
Edition 1.0 2020-06
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Internet of Things (IoT) – Underwater acoustic sensor network (UWASN) –
Application profiles
ISO/IEC 30143:2020-06(en)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 30143
Edition 1.0 2020-06
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Internet of Things (IoT) – Underwater acoustic sensor network (UWASN) –
Application profiles
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 35.110 ISBN 978-2-8322-8485-8

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – ISO/IEC 30143:2020 © ISO/IEC 2020
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 7

4 Abbreviated terms ........................................................................................................... 8

5 Overview of UWASN application profiles ......................................................................... 8

5.1 Introduction to application profiles ........................................................................... 8

5.2 Benefits of application profiles ................................................................................ 8

6 Design process of UWASN application profiles ................................................................ 8

6.1 General ................................................................................................................... 8

6.2 Criteria for the design process of UWASN application profiles ................................ 9

6.3 Design process steps for UWASN application profiles ............................................. 9

7 Requirements for the design process of UWASN application profiles ............................... 9

7.1 General ................................................................................................................... 9

7.2 User requirements of UWASN application profiles ................................................. 10

7.3 General requirements of UWASN application profiles ............................................ 10

7.4 Functional requirements of UWASN application profiles ........................................ 11

7.5 Constrained requirements of UWASN application profiles ..................................... 12

7.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 12

7.5.2 Connectivity ................................................................................................... 13

7.5.3 UWA-GW ....................................................................................................... 13

7.5.4 UWA-DTN-GW ............................................................................................... 13

7.5.5 Housing case ................................................................................................. 13

7.5.6 Fouling cleaner .............................................................................................. 13

7.5.7 Node deployment ........................................................................................... 13

7.5.8 Battery ........................................................................................................... 14

8 Modelling techniques for designing UWASN application profiles .................................... 14

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 14

8.2 Use case model .................................................................................................... 14

8.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 14

8.2.2 Elements of use case diagram ....................................................................... 14

8.2.3 Relationships ................................................................................................. 15

8.3 Sequence diagram model ...................................................................................... 16

8.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 16

8.3.2 Elements of sequence diagram ...................................................................... 16

8.4 Class diagram model ............................................................................................ 18

8.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 18

8.4.2 Elements of class diagram ............................................................................. 18

9 Guidelines for the implementation of UWASN application profiles .................................. 19

9.1 Layered design approach for developing UWASN application profiles ................... 19

9.2 Specific architecture for implementing UWASN application profiles ....................... 20

9.3 Framework for implementing UWASN application profiles ..................................... 21

9.3.1 User interface ................................................................................................ 21

9.3.2 System calculation unit .................................................................................. 22

9.3.3 Surface devices ............................................................................................. 22

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ISO/IEC 30143:2020 © ISO/IEC 2020 – 3 –

9.3.4 Sensor node .................................................................................................. 22

9.4 Functional operations for implementing UWASN application profiles ..................... 23

10 Specialized maintenance for UWASN application profiles .............................................. 24

Annex A (informative) Application profile example................................................................ 26

A.1 Fish farming .......................................................................................................... 26

A.1.1 General ......................................................................................................... 26

A.1.2 Guidelines for designing UWASN fish farming application .............................. 26

A.1.3 Requirements for the design process of UWASN fish farming application ...... 27

A.1.4 Modelling techniques for designing UWASN fish farming application ............. 30

A.1.5 Guidelines for the implementation process of UWASN fish farming

application ..................................................................................................... 32

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 38

Figure 1 – Actor representation examples ............................................................................. 14

Figure 2 – Use case representation examples ....................................................................... 15

Figure 3 – System boundary representation example ............................................................ 15

Figure 4 – Use case model for UWASN application profiles .................................................. 16

Figure 5 – Object symbol in a sequence diagram .................................................................. 16

Figure 6 – Execution box symbol in a sequence diagram ...................................................... 17

Figure 7 – Lifeline representation in a sequence diagram ..................................................... 17

Figure 8 – Sequence diagram modelling for UWASN application profiles .............................. 17

Figure 9 – Representation of different sections in class diagram ........................................... 18

Figure 10 – Class diagram modelling for UWASN application profiles ................................... 19

Figure 11 – Layer design approach ....................................................................................... 20

Figure 12 – UWASN specific architectural model .................................................................. 21

Figure 13 – Framework of UWASN application profiles ......................................................... 23

Figure 14 – Operation design approach ................................................................................ 24

Figure A.1 – Use case model for fish farming application ...................................................... 31

Figure A.2 – Sequence diagram model for fish farming application ....................................... 32

Figure A.3 – Layered design approach of fish farming application ......................................... 33

Figure A.4 – Specific fish farming architecture ...................................................................... 34

Figure A.5 – Framework for fish farming application .............................................................. 35

Figure A.6 – Operation design process for fish farming application ....................................... 36

Table 1 – Steps for the design process of UWASN application profiles ................................... 9

Table 2 – User requirements of UWASN application profiles ................................................. 10

Table 3 – General requirements for UWASN application profiles ........................................... 10

Table 4 – Functional requirements for UWASN application profiles ....................................... 11

Table 5 – Constrained requirements for UWASN application profiles .................................... 12

Table 6 – Relationship and symbols of use case diagram ..................................................... 15

Table 7 – Components for implementing UWASN application profiles ................................... 23

Table 8 – Operation process of UWASN application profiles ................................................. 24

Table 9 – Key factors for monitoring UWASN application profiles .......................................... 25

Table 10 – Components used for the maintenance of UWASN application profiles ................ 25

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– 4 – ISO/IEC 30143:2020 © ISO/IEC 2020

Table A.1 – Steps for designing UWASN fish farming application .......................................... 27

Table A.2 – User requirements for the design process of UWASN fish farming

application ............................................................................................................................ 27

Table A.3 – General requirements for the design process of UWASN fish farming

application ............................................................................................................................ 28

Table A.4 – Functional requirements for the design process of UWASN fish farming

application ............................................................................................................................ 29

Table A.5 – Constrained requirements for the design process of UWASN fish farming

application ............................................................................................................................ 30

Table A.6 – Operation design process of UWASN fish farming application ............................ 36

Table A.7 – Key components to monitor in fish farming application ....................................... 37

Table A.8 – Components used for the maintenance of UWASN fish farming application ........ 37

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ISO/IEC 30143:2020 © ISO/IEC 2020 – 5 –
INTERNET OF THINGS (IoT) –
UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC SENSOR NETWORK (UWASN) –
APPLICATION PROFILES
FOREWORD

1) ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical Commission)

form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are members of ISO or IEC

participate in the development of International Standards through technical committees established by the

respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity. ISO and IEC technical committees

collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in

liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the work. In the field of information technology, ISO and IEC have

established a joint technical committee, ISO/IEC JTC 1.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC and ISO on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an

international consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation

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apply IEC, ISO and ISO/IEC publications transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and

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9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this ISO/IEC publication may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard ISO/IEC 30143 was prepared by subcommittee 41: Internet of Things

and related technologies, of ISO/IEC joint technical committee 1: Information technology.

The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
JTC1-SC41/150/FDIS JTC1-SC41/161/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in the

report on voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct understanding

of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a colour printer.

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– 6 – ISO/IEC 30143:2020 © ISO/IEC 2020
INTRODUCTION

Water covers approximately 70 % of the surface of the Earth. Modern technologies introduce

new methods to monitor the body of water such as pollution monitoring and detection.

Underwater data gathering techniques require exploring the water environment, which can be

most effectively performed by underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWASNs). Applications

developed for the UWASNs can record underwater climate, detect and control water pollution,

monitor marine biology, discover natural resources, detect pipeline leakages, monitor and find

underwater intruders, perform strategic surveillance, and so on.

In order to build and apply the UWASN technology, the most suitable methods for managing

the network have been developed based on the already proposed ISO/IEC 30140 series. This

document describes the application profiles outline and requirements appropriate to the

UWASN under the constraints of underwater physical environment.

The ISO/IEC 30140 series provides general requirements, reference architecture (RA) including

the entity models and high-level interface guidelines supporting interoperability among

UWASNs in order to provide the essential UWASN construction information to help and guide

architects, developers and implementers of UWASNs.

This document provides the guidelines for designing and developing the UWASN application. It

also provides other information such as the components required for developing UWASN

application, modelling techniques for UWASN application and UWASN application profiles

example.

Various technical standards derived from the R&D results of the technical areas under the

UWASN and underwater communication fields not covered by the ISO/IEC 30140 series are

continuously proposed and developed.
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ISO/IEC 30143:2020 © ISO/IEC 2020 – 7 –
INTERNET OF THINGS (IoT) –
UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC SENSOR NETWORK (UWASN) –
APPLICATION PROFILES
1 Scope

This document provides the guidelines for designing and developing new applications in the

underwater environment such as fish farming, environment monitoring, harbour security, etc.

This document also:
• provides the components required for developing the application;
• provides instructions for modelling the application with examples;

• helps the user to understand the communication between the elements in the application

for modelling the communication between elements;
• guides the user with the design process of underwater applications.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
application profile

set of documents which provides the effective guidance to develop a particular application

3.2
component
representation of an actor in a UWASN application profile
3.3
element

object used to connect the devices and networks in the underwater

environment
EXAMPLE actors, use cases, relationships
3.4
element

essential part used to connect the devices and networks in the

underwater environment
EXAMPLE class, execution place, lifeline
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– 8 – ISO/IEC 30143:2020 © ISO/IEC 2020
3.5
element

class, object or method used for the communication between the

devices and networks in the underwater environment
4 Abbreviated terms
RF radio frequency
UUV unmanned underwater vehicle
UWASN underwater acoustic sensor network
UWA-GW underwater acoustic gateway
UWA-SNode underwater acoustic sensor node
UWA-CH underwater acoustic cluster head
UWA-CH-id underwater acoustic cluster head identity
UWA-SNode-id underwater acoustic sensor node identity
UWA-DTN-GW underwater DTN gateway
UWA-FN underwater acoustic fundamental network
5 Overview of UWASN application profiles
5.1 Introduction to application profiles

In UWASN, the application profiles comprise of a group of components, approaches and

guidelines for a specific application.
5.2 Benefits of application profiles

An application profile is a layout or outline for users. Application profiles can help users as

suggested below:

– utilizing them to depict how applications are deployed, arranged and managed in submerged

conditions;

– providing required components for building up new UWASN applications effectively;

– providing the basic information for planning;
– reducing the learning curve;
– standardizing the development work; and

– providing the general requirements and functional requirements for developing the

application.
6 Design process of UWASN application profiles
6.1 General

The primary goal of the design process is to give guidance for developing underwater

applications (See Annex A). The design process of UWASN application profiles provides the

following information:
– purpose of UWASN application;
– overview of UWASN application;
– user requirements for the design process of UWASN application;
– general requirements for the design process of UWASN application;
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ISO/IEC 30143:2020 © ISO/IEC 2020 – 9 –
– functional requirements for the design process UWASN application;
– constrained requirements for the design process of UWASN application;
– consideration for the design process of UWASN application.
6.2 Criteria for the design process of UWASN application profiles

The criteria considered for the design process of the UWASN application profiles include but

are not limited to the following:
– limitation in bandwidth;
– localization;
– limited battery power;
– deployment of devices;
– reliability;
– scalability;
– quality of service;
– distance of transmission;
– propagation delay;
– device configuration;
– device maintenance;
– self-management.
6.3 Design process steps for UWASN application profiles
Table 1 shows the steps for the design process of UWASN application profiles.
Table 1 – Steps for the design process of UWASN application profiles
Design process steps Description

Step 1: User requirements The user requirements for a particular UWASN application are collected.

analysis

Step 2: General requirements The general requirements for particular UWASN application are collected.

analysis

Step 3: Functional requirements The functional requirements for a particular UWASN application are

analysis collected.

Step 4: Constrained The constrained requirements for a particular UWASN application are

requirements analysis collected.

Step 5: Design process The design process of UWASN application profile needs the modelling

techniques for designing the application such as case modelling, sequence
diagram modelling and class diagram modelling.

Step 6: Implementation The implementation process consists of installation, deployment,

guideline process configuration, performing operation and testing.

Step 7: Specialized The specialized maintenance for underwater applications is considered. For

maintenance example, node reclamation (change battery/recharging), fouling cleaner,

housing case, etc.
7 Requirements for the design process of UWASN application profiles
7.1 General

Clause 7 discusses the various requirements such as user requirements, general requirements,

functional requirements and constrained requirements for the design process of UWASN

application profiles (See Annex A).
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– 10 – ISO/IEC 30143:2020 © ISO/IEC 2020
7.2 User requirements of UWASN application profiles
Table 2 shows the user requirements for UWASN application profiles.
Table 2 – User requirements of UWASN application profiles
User requirements Description

Durability Durability refers to the time period for which a product or system can meet its

service and performance requirements.

System performance System performance refers to the effectiveness of a system, which includes

response time, throughput, latency, availability, etc.
Low cost includes the total cost of the system, which includes the cost of
Low cost
procurement, installation, usage and disposal.

Efficiency Efficiency of a system can be identified using various factors such as

response time, number of tasks completed in a stipulated time, etc.

Adaptability Adaptability refers to the extent to which a system adapts to the change in its

working environment.

Reliability Reliability refers to the hardware or software or other application related

items; its performance is consistently monitored by the users. It can be
considered while buying or using the product.

Usability Usability can be defined as the ease of use with respect to the system. This

includes measures such as learnability, efficiency, memorability, etc.

Availability Availability refers to the percentage of time that the system is available and

working according to the requirements.

Maintainability Maintainability refers to the ability to make variations in the system quickly

and cost effectively.
Security refers to the ability of the system (1) to resist unauthorized usage
Security
and (2) to continue providing services to the legitimate users in case of
attacks.

Portability Portability can be defined as the ability of a system to run under different

computing environments such as hardware, software, operating systems, etc.

Reusability Reusability refers to the ability of a system to make reuse of existing

components in new applications.
7.3 General requirements of UWASN application profiles
Table 3 shows the general requirements for UWASN application profiles.
Table 3 – General requirements for UWASN application profiles
General requirements Description

Capability of discovery The UWA-SNode shall use discovery capability mechanism to identify other

nodes connected inside the UWASN system.

Connectivity support to different Integration shall be supported by different networks for avoiding complexity.

network

Routing techniques The best routing algorithm is performed by the device known as router, used

for passing the message from source to destination. This technique can also
reduce the cost in UWASN.

Security A standard security system shall be used to prevent attacks from illegal

users.

Service quality Service quality refers to a network capability to attain maximum bandwidth

and deals with the various performance elements of netw
...

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