WC and urinal flushing cisterns

This European Standard specifies design, performance requirements and the test methods for WC and urinal flushing cisterns with flushing mechanism, inlet valve and overflow.
This document covers flushing cisterns designed to be connected to drinking water installations inside buildings.
This standard does not cover automatic valveless siphon flushing cisterns for flushing urinals.
NOTE   Flushing cisterns for one-piece WCs and close-coupled suites are covered by EN 997.

Spülkästen für WC-Becken und Urinale

Diese Europäische Norm legt konstruktive und Funktionsanforderungen sowie Prüfverfahren für Spülkästen
für WC-Becken und Urinale mit Spülmechanismus, Füllventil und Überlauf fest.
Dieses Dokument gilt für Spülkästen, die ständig an die Trinkwasser-Installationen in Gebäuden
angeschlossen sind.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für Automatikspülkästen ohne Ablaufventil nach dem Saugheberprinzip zur Spülung von
Urinalen.
ANMERKUNG Spülkästen für Einstück-WCs und WC-Kombinationen werden durch EN 997 abgedeckt.

Réservoirs de chasse d'eau pour WC et urinoirs

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences relatives à la conception et à la performance ainsi que les méthodes d'essai applicables aux réservoirs de chasse pour WC et urinoirs comportant un mécanisme de chasse, un robinet de remplissage et un trop-plein.
La présente Norme européenne ne couvre que les réservoirs de chasse devant être raccordés à des installations d'eau potable dans les bâtiments.
NOTE   Les réservoirs des WC monobloc et des ensembles WC à réservoirs attenant sont traités dans EN 997.

Izplakovalniki stranišč in pisoarjev

Ta evropski standard določa zasnovo, zahteve glede zmogljivosti in preskusne metode za izplakovalnike stranišč in pisoarjev z mehanizmom za izplakovanje, dovodnim ventilom ter prelivom.
Ta dokument obravnava izplakovalnike, ki so namenjeni priključitvi na napeljave za pitno vodo v stavbah.
Ta standard ne obravnava samodejnih sifonskih izplakovalnikov brez ventilov za pisoarje z izplakovanjem.
OPOMBA: Izplakovalniki za enodelne WC školjke in prigrajene naprave so obravnavani v standardu EN 997.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
09-Jul-2015
Withdrawal Date
11-Nov-2018
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
12-Nov-2018
Due Date
05-Dec-2018
Completion Date
12-Nov-2018

RELATIONS

Effective Date
01-Dec-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Spülkästen für WC-Becken und UrinaleRéservoirs de chasse d'eau pour WC et urinoirsWC and urinal flushing cisterns91.140.70Sanitarne napraveSanitary installationsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14055:2010+A1:2015SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015en,fr,de01-september-2015SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 14055:20111DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 14055:2010+A1
June 2015 ICS 91.140.70 Supersedes EN 14055:2010English Version
WC and urinal flushing cisterns
Réservoirs de chasse d'eau pour WC et urinoirs

Spülkästen für WC-Becken und Urinale This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 October 2010 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 6 April 2015.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 ESIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................5 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................5 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................5 4 Classification ..........................................................................................................................................8 5 Requirements and test methods for class 1 products.......................................................................8 5.1 Design .....................................................................................................................................................8 5.1.1 Flushing cistern equipment ..................................................................................................................8 5.1.2 Water supply connection ......................................................................................................................9 5.1.3 Supply piping .........................................................................................................................................9 5.1.4 Removable parts ....................................................................................................................................9 5.1.5 Connecting dimensions ........................................................................................................................9 5.1.6 Flush pipes .......................................................................................................................................... 10 5.2 Hydraulic and mechanical characteristics ....................................................................................... 13 5.2.1 Flush volume ....................................................................................................................................... 13 5.2.2 Water-saving devices ......................................................................................................................... 14 5.2.3 Flush rate and impact force ............................................................................................................... 14 5.2.4 Overflow ............................................................................................................................................... 15 5.2.5 Inlet valve opening characteristics for water saving flushing ....................................................... 16 5.2.6 Safety margin – Dimension “c” ......................................................................................................... 16 5.2.7 Backflow prevention, air gap, safety margin – Dimension “a” ...................................................... 17 5.2.8 Outlet valve leaktightness ................................................................................................................. 17 5.2.9 Outlet valve reliability ......................................................................................................................... 17 5.2.10 Operating force ................................................................................................................................... 17 5.2.11 Durability ............................................................................................................................................. 17 5.3 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 18 5.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 18 5.3.2 Flush volume ....................................................................................................................................... 18 5.3.3 Flush rate ............................................................................................................................................. 19 5.3.4 Determination of the overflow capacity............................................................................................ 23 5.3.5 Inlet valve opening characteristics ................................................................................................... 24 5.3.6 Determination of dimension “c” ........................................................................................................ 24 5.3.7 Determination of dimension “a” ........................................................................................................ 24 5.3.8 Outlet valve leak tightness ................................................................................................................ 24 5.3.9 Outlet valve reliability test ................................................................................................................. 24 5.3.10 Operating force ................................................................................................................................... 25 5.3.11 Impact force ......................................................................................................................................... 26 6 Functional requirements and test methods for class 2 products ................................................. 30 6.1 Inlet valve ............................................................................................................................................. 30 6.2 Backflow prevention ........................................................................................................................... 30 6.3 Marking of flushing cistern ................................................................................................................ 30 6.4 Warning pipe and overflow provision............................................................................................... 30 6.5 Flush volume ....................................................................................................................................... 30 6.5.1 Full flush .............................................................................................................................................. 30 6.5.2 Reduced flush ..................................................................................................................................... 31 6.6 Flush rate ............................................................................................................................................. 31 6.7 Physical endurance and leakage of flushing device ....................................................................... 31 6.8 Chemical endurance of flushing device ........................................................................................... 31 SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 3 6.9 Durability .............................................................................................................................................. 31 6.10 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 31 6.10.1 Inlet valve tests .................................................................................................................................... 31 6.10.2 Warning pipe and overflow provisions ............................................................................................. 32 6.10.3 Flush volume test ................................................................................................................................ 32 6.10.4 Flush rate test ...................................................................................................................................... 33 6.10.5 Physical endurance and leakage test of flushing device ................................................................ 34 6.10.6 Chemical endurance test of flushing device .................................................................................... 35 6.10.7 Requirements for compatibility testing of class 2 products ........................................................... 35 7 Requirements and test methods for class 3 products .................................................................... 36 7.1 Requirements and test methods ........................................................................................................ 36 7.2 Adjustment ........................................................................................................................................... 36 8 Acoustic characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 36 9 Dangerous substances ....................................................................................................................... 36 10 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 36 11 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance – AVCP ............................................. 39 11.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 39 11.2 Type testing ......................................................................................................................................... 39 11.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 39 11.2.2 Test samples, testing and compliance criteria ................................................................................ 40 11.3 Factory production control (FPC) ...................................................................................................... 42 11.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 42 11.3.2 Equipment ............................................................................................................................................ 42 11.3.3 Raw materials and components ........................................................................................................ 42 11.3.4 Product testing and assessment ....................................................................................................... 42 11.3.5 Non-complying products .................................................................................................................... 42 11.3.6 Corrective action ................................................................................................................................. 43 Annex ZA (informative)

!Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU Construction Products Regulation" ........................................................................................ 44 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 53

SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 14055:2010+A1:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 163 “Sanitary appliances”, the secretariat of which is held by UNI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2015, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2017. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 6 April 2015. This document supersedes EN 14055:2010. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !". !This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of the EU Construction Products Regulation. For relationship with EU Construction Products Regulation, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document." According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies design, performance requirements and the test methods for WC and urinal flushing cisterns with flushing mechanism, inlet valve and overflow. This document covers flushing cisterns designed to be connected to drinking water installations inside buildings. This standard does not cover automatic valveless siphon flushing cisterns for flushing urinals. NOTE Flushing cisterns for one-piece WCs and close-coupled suites are covered by EN 997. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 997:2003, WC pans and WC suites with integral trap EN 1717, Protection against pollution of potable water in water installations and general requirements of devices to prevent pollution by backflow EN 13407:2006, Wall-hung urinals — Functional requirements and test methods EN 14124, Inlet valves for flushing cisterns with internal overflow BS 1212-2:1990, Float operated valves — Specification for diaphragm type float operated valves (copper alloy body) (excluding floats) BS 1212-3:1990, Float operated valves — Specification for diaphragm type float operated valves (plastics bodied) for cold water services only (excluding floats) BS 1212-4:1991, Float operated valves — Specification for compact type float operated valves for WC flushing cisterns (including floats) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 valve-type flushing cistern cistern with integral valve outlet device, for storage and discharge of a defined volume of flushing water for removal of excrement from a WC pan 3.2 valveless-type flushing cistern cistern with integral syphonic actuated outlet device, for storage and discharge of a defined volume of flushing water for removal of excrement from a WC pan NOTE Both types of flushing cisterns are available, as detailed below: SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 6 Wall-hung independent low-level
Built-in independent
Wall-hung independent mid-level
Wall-hung independent high-level
One-piece integral (with WC pan)
Close-coupled

3.3 close-coupled multiple use flushing cistern close-coupled flushing cistern for use with different WC pans 3.4 independent flushing cistern flushing cistern mounted separately from a WC pan or urinal 3.5 outlet valve mechanism for opening and closing the outlet orifice of the flushing cistern 3.6 operating mechanism mechanism to open, and if applicable, close the outlet valve 3.7 flush pipe connecting pipe between a flushing cistern’s outlet and a WC’s or urinal's inlet 3.8 overflow device enabling release of excess water from a flushing cistern when water reaches a pre-determined level 3.9 inlet valve valve that controls and shuts off the flow of water into a flushing cistern 3.10 overflow level water level corresponding to the upper edge of the overflow or to the lower edge of the overflow notch SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 7 3.11 maximum water level highest water level reached after flow stabilisation, in the event of continuous supply, as a result of malfunction of the inlet valve 3.12 critical water level highest water level in any part of the appliance, 2 s after the supply is cut off 3.13 residual water level water level after a full flush is completed 3.14 adjustable residual water level water level in a cistern, after (uninterrupted) flushing, when an outlet mechanism can be adjusted to the elevated residual water level 3.15 meniscus level level resulting from surface tension of water during overflowing 3.16 nominal water level water level when a flushing cistern is filled to the nominal flush volume 3.17 nominal flush volume volume of water indicated, when a flushing cistern is filled to the nominal water level 3.18 flush volume volume of water discharged from the flushing cistern during a flush cycle 3.19 safety margin c distance between the nominal water level determined by the manufacturer and the overflow level 3.20 flush rate volume of water flowing out of a flushing cistern as a function of time 3.21 test height distance between the seat of the outlet valve and the horizontal axis of the flush pipe 3.22 impact force force of the flushing water at the outlet of the flush pipe 3.23 flushing device device fitted to a cistern to provide controlled measured volume(s) of water to a WC pan or suite for flushing 3.24 water-saving device flushing device that permits a part of the total flush volume to be delivered, e.g. acting as double-action mechanisms (interruptible) or double-control mechanisms (dual control or dual flush) SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 8 3.25 warning level level of spill over of a vertically mounted warning pipe connection or the invert of a horizontally mounted warning pipe connection, or the level at which an equally effective (warning) device would operate 3.26 short-term leak test leak test consisting of a 15 min wait after flushing then positioning paper designed to change colour when wet, under the flushing device for 10 min NOTE

A leak is defined as being visible discharge of water amounting to more than three separate drops. 3.27 long-term leak test leak test consisting of a 2 h wait after flushing then positioning paper designed to change colour when wet, under the outlet for 15 min NOTE

A leak is defined as being visible discharge of water amounting to more than three separate drops. !3.28 product type construction product with a set of representative performance levels or classes in relation to its Essential Characteristics, produced using a given combination of raw materials or other elements in a specific production process" 4 Classification Flushing cisterns are classified as described below: — Class 1: Flushing cisterns tested in accordance with the requirements of Clauses 5 and 8 using a nominal flush volume of either 4 l, 5 l, 6 l, 7 l or 9 l. — Class 2: Flushing cisterns tested in accordance with the requirements of Clauses 6 and 8 using a maximum flushing volume of 6 l, or a dual-flush which combines a maximum flush of 6 l and a reduced flush no greater than two-thirds of the maximum flush. — Class 3: Class 1 flushing cistern intended to be used in connection with urinals. 5 Requirements and test methods for class 1 products 5.1 Design 5.1.1 Flushing cistern equipment An equipped flushing cistern comprises: — a shell, provided with a removable lid or an access flap allowing access to components; — an inlet valve complying with EN 14124; — a flushing device; — an overflow device; — an operating mechanism; SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 9 — a flush pipe, when the cistern is for use with an independent WC pan. In special cases, a combined fitting providing the functions of filling, overflowing and evacuation is permissible. In this case, the fitting shall be designed to comply with the hygiene, physico-chemical, leaktightness, hydraulic, pressure resistance, acoustic and mechanical characteristics specified in EN 14124. The tests shall be performed on the flushing cistern as supplied. 5.1.2 Water supply connection The inlet valve can be connected to the cistern through: — the side; — the back; — the underside; — the top. 5.1.3 Supply piping All materials of the supply piping which could be in contact with drinking water shall not be a danger to health. They shall not change the taste, aroma or visual appearance of the drinking water. 5.1.4 Removable parts It shall be possible to dismantle removable parts, without having to remove the flushing cistern. 5.1.5 Connecting dimensions The connecting dimensions shall comply with Table 1. SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 10 Table 1 — Connecting dimensions (Figures 1 and 2) Designation Symbol Dimensions

mm Remarks Hole for inlet valve — 19 ± 2 c For inlet valves size 3/8" 23 ± 2 c For inlet valves size ½" Hole for outlet valve A 6323+− c For ceramic flushing cisterns 6120+ c For thin-walled flushing cisterns (e.g. plastic) 4523+− c For high level flushing cisterns Inside diameter of outlet connection B 32,510+ c For flush pipes of design A 510,50+ c For flush pipes of design B Outside diameter of outlet connection C a 49,50,40+ b For flush pipes of design C Hole in the cover for operating device — 4021+− c Recommended dimension a Not applicable to flushing cisterns built into wall frames. b Where the exterior diameter of the flush pipe is conical or has several stepped diameters, the maximum diameter is to be verified and recorded. c Other dimensions are permissible if the performance of the cistern is assured.

Key Key See Table 1. See Table 1. Figure 1 — !Outlet connection for flush
pipes of design A, B1 and B2" Figure 2 — Outlet connection for flush

pipes of design C ! NOTE Design B means design B1 and design B2." SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 11 5.1.6 Flush pipes The dimensions of flush pipes designed to equip WC pans for independent supply shall comply with Table 2. The flush pipe shall be provided by the manufacturer of the flushing cistern. Table 2 — Dimensions of flush pipes (Figures 3 to 6) ! Designation Symbol Dimension mm Remarks Outside diameter inlet b 32 0,50+ For flush pipes of design A 50 0,50+ For flush pipes of designs B1 and B2 Inside diameter c 50 10+ For flush pipes of design C Outside diameter at outlet WC e 32 0,50+ For flush pipes of design A 44 0,50+ For flush pipes of design B1 40 0,50+ For flush pipes of design B2 45 0,50+ For flush pipes of design C Inside diameter at outlet WC f ≥ 39 For flush pipes of designs B1, B2 and C Height of flush pipe h ≥ 1 500 For flush pipes of design A ≥ 165 For flush pipes of designs B1 and B2 ≥ 600 ≥ 165 For flush pipes of design C Length k ≥ 210 For flush pipes of designs A, B1 and B2 ≥ 180 For flush pipes of design C Length of vertical inlet portion m ≥ 100 For flush pipes of design A Radius of bend r 50 to 80 For flush pipes of design A ≥ 15 For flush pipes of designs B1 and B2 ≥ 5 For flush pipes of design C " Apart from dimension e other dimensions are permissible, provided the performance requirements in 5.2 are satisfied. SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 12

Key See Table 2. Figure 3 — Design A flush pipe for wall-hung high-level cisterns, fabricated in one or two parts

Key See Table 2. Figure 4 — !Design B1 and B2 flush pipes for wall-hung low-level or mid-level cisterns" SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 13
Key See Table 2. Figure 5 — Design C flush pipe for built-in cisterns

Key r Radius of bend Figure 6 — Detail X 5.2 Hydraulic and mechanical characteristics 5.2.1 Flush volume Flush volume(s) shall correspond with those specified in Table 3, when measured as described in 5.3.2. SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 14 Table 3 — Flush volumes Nominal flush volumes
l Flush volumes

l For complete flushing For water-saving (dual) flushing Minimum Maximum Minimum Maximum 9,0 8,5 9,0 3,0 4,5 a 7,0 7,0 7,5 3,0 4,0 a 6,0 6,0 6,5 3,0 4,0 a 5,0 4,5 5,5 3,0 4,0 a 4,0 4,0 4,5 2,0 3,0 a a Only for double-control water-saving (dual) flushing devices. Flushing cisterns or their components shall be marked to allow the correct volume(s) of flush to be achieved. Flushing cisterns with a nominal volume of 9 l, 7 l, 6 l, 5 l or 4 l can be used to deliver the different volumes shown in Table 3. Adjustment can be effected at the inlet valve and/or the outlet mechanism. The manufacturer’s instructions shall describe the procedure and the consequences (e.g. increase in the residual water level or decrease in the filling level). 5.2.2 Water-saving devices Water-saving mechanisms shall be designed so that, when selected, only part of the total flush volume is delivered. Water-saving mechanisms shall comply with the requirements specified below: a) Double-action mechanisms (interruptible): 1) one action initiates flushing; and 2) a second action stops the flush. Devices with immediate and automatic closing are not permitted. b) Double-control mechanisms (dual control): 1) one control releases the full flush volume; and 2) another control releases a reduced flush volume. Both devices shall deliver flush volumes and flush rates in accordance with Tables 3 and 4. 5.2.3 Flush rate and impact force When tested as described in 5.3.3 and 5.3.11, the flush rate and the impact force shall comply with the values specified in Table 4. SIST EN 14055:2011+A1:2015

EN 14055:2010+A1:2015 (E) 15 Table 4 — Flush rates and impact force ! Type of flushing cistern Test height mm Impact force N Flush rate for complete flush l/s Independent wall-hung low-level using flush pipe of design B1 200 ± 5 — 2,4 ± 0,2 Independent wall-hung low-level using flush pipe of design B2 330 ± 5d — 2,2 ± 0,2 Independent built-in ≥ 195a — 2,2 ± 0,2 Independent built-in < 195a > 3,9 (defined by the maximum method) or > 3,7 (defined by the fixed time frame method) 2,2 ± 0,2 Independent wall-hung mid-level 565 ± 5 — 1,8 0,40,1+− Independent wall-hung high-level 1 365 ± 5 — 1,8 0,40,1+− One-piece and close-coupled — — n.a.b Multiple use close-coupled — — min. 2,0c a Flushing cisterns with integral flush pipes and flushing cisterns built into wall frames shall be tested as supplied by the manufacturer, regardless of the test height. b One-piece and close-coupled type will be tested in accordance with EN 997. c Independent from this value, the flushing cistern shall be tested in accordance with EN 997 with dedicated WC pans specified by the manufacturer of multiple close-coupled flushing cisterns. d This test height is valid for flush pipe of design B2 with outside diameter at outlet to WC of 40 0,50+ mm. " 5.2.4 Overflow When tested as described in 5.3.4, the overflow shall be designed in accordance with the requirements specified below (see Figure 7): a) the distance between the maximum water level and the level of overflow shall be ≤ 20 mm; b) the distance between the critical water level and the le

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