Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); Technical characteristics of telephony terminals; Part 2: PCM A-law handset telephony

To prepare an amendment sheet to, or a new edition of I-ETS 300 245-2 to include a full test description and to restructure the ISDN telephony terminal standards with the objective to make the structure easier to understand for the users.

Digitalno omrežje z integriranimi storitvami (ISDN) – Tehnične karakteristike telefonskih terminalov – 2. del: Telefonija s pogovorkami s pretvorbo govora po pravilu PCM A-law

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Nov-2003
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Dec-2003
Due Date
01-Dec-2003
Completion Date
01-Dec-2003

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST I-ETS 300 245-2 E2:2003
01-december-2003
'LJLWDOQRRPUHåMH]LQWHJULUDQLPLVWRULWYDPL ,6'1 ±7HKQLþQHNDUDNWHULVWLNH
WHOHIRQVNLKWHUPLQDORY±GHO7HOHIRQLMDVSRJRYRUNDPLVSUHWYRUERJRYRUDSR
SUDYLOX3&0$ODZ

Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); Technical characteristics of telephony

terminals; Part 2: PCM A-law handset telephony
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: I-ETS 300 245-2 Edition 2
ICS:
33.080 Digitalno omrežje z Integrated Services Digital
integriranimi storitvami Network (ISDN)
(ISDN)
SIST I-ETS 300 245-2 E2:2003 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST I-ETS 300 245-2 E2:2003
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SIST I-ETS 300 245-2 E2:2003
INTERIM
EUROPEAN I-ETS 300 245-2
TELECOMMUNICATION February 1996
STANDARD Second Edition
Source: ETSI TC-TE Reference: RI/TE-04041
ICS: 33.080
ISDN, telephony terminals, handset function
Key words:
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN);
Technical characteristics of telephony terminals;
Part 2: PCM A-law handset telephony
ETSI
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
ETSI Secretariat
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis CEDEX - FRANCE
Postal address:
650 Route des Lucioles - Sophia Antipolis - Valbonne - FRANCE
Office address:
c=fr, a=atlas, p=etsi, s=secretariat - secretariat@etsi.fr
X.400: Internet:
Tel.: +33 92 94 42 00 - Fax: +33 93 65 47 16

Copyright Notification: No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission. The copyright and the

foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 1996. All rights reserved.
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SIST I-ETS 300 245-2 E2:2003
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I-ETS 300 245-2: February 1996

Whilst every care has been taken in the preparation and publication of this document, errors in content,

typographical or otherwise, may occur. If you have comments concerning its accuracy, please write to

"ETSI Editing and Committee Support Dept." at the address shown on the title page.

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SIST I-ETS 300 245-2 E2:2003
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I-ETS 300 245-2: February 1996
Contents

Foreword .......................................................................................................................................................5

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................7

2 Normative references..........................................................................................................................7

3 Definitions and abbreviations ..............................................................................................................8

3.1 Definitions ............................................................................................................................8

3.2 Abbreviations .......................................................................................................................9

4 Call control functions...........................................................................................................................9

5 Transmission aspects .........................................................................................................................9

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................9

5.1.1 Encoding .........................................................................................................9

5.1.2 Relative level ...................................................................................................9

5.1.3 Volume control ................................................................................................9

5.2 Speech performance characteristics ...................................................................................9

5.2.1 Frequency response and sensitivity ................................................................9

5.2.1.1 Sending..................................................................................9

5.2.1.2 Receiving.............................................................................10

5.2.2 Loudness rating.............................................................................................11

5.2.2.1 Nominal values ....................................................................11

5.2.2.2 Volume control (optional).....................................................11

5.2.3 Sidetone ........................................................................................................12

5.2.3.1 Talkers sidetone ..................................................................12

5.2.3.2 Listeners sidetone................................................................12

5.2.4 Terminal Coupling Loss (TCL) ......................................................................12

5.2.4.1 Weighted Terminal Coupling Loss (TCLw)..........................12

5.2.4.2 Stability loss.........................................................................12

5.2.5 Distortion .......................................................................................................12

5.2.5.1 Sending................................................................................12

5.2.5.1.1 Method 1 (Pseudo random noise) ........13
5.2.5.1.2 Method 2 (Sinusoidal signal).................13

5.2.5.2 Receiving.............................................................................13

5.2.5.2.1 Method 1 (Pseudo random noise) ........13
5.2.5.2.2 Method 2 (Sinusoidal signal).................14

5.2.5.3 Sidetone...............................................................................14

5.2.6 Variation of gain with input level....................................................................14

5.2.6.1 Sending................................................................................14

5.2.6.2 Receiving.............................................................................14

5.2.7 Out-of-band signals.......................................................................................15

5.2.7.1 Discrimination against out-of-band input signals (Sending) 15
5.2.7.2 Spurious out-of-band signals (Receiving)............................15

5.2.8 Noise .............................................................................................................16

5.2.8.1 Sending................................................................................16

5.2.8.2 Receiving.............................................................................16

5.2.8.3 Level of sampling frequency (Receiving).............................16

5.2.9 Acoustic shock ..............................................................................................16

5.2.10 Delay .............................................................................................................16

5.3 Non-linear devices .............................................................................................................16

6 Power feeding ...................................................................................................................................17

7 Physical modules ..............................................................................................................................17

7.1 Handset..............................................................................................................................17

7.2 Alerting module..................................................................................................................17

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SIST I-ETS 300 245-2 E2:2003
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I-ETS 300 245-2: February 1996

Annex A (normative): Test specifications ............................................................................................. 18

A.1 General conditions for testing........................................................................................................... 18

A.1.1 Environment for test .......................................................................................................... 18

A.1.2 Test equipment requirements ........................................................................................... 18

A.1.2.1 Electro-acoustic equipment .......................................................................... 18

A.1.2.2 Test equipment for digital telephone sets..................................................... 18

A.1.2.2.1 Codec approach and specification...................................... 18

A.1.2.2.2 Direct digital processing approach...................................... 19

A.1.3 Alternative test methods.................................................................................................... 19

A.1.4 Accuracy of calibration ...................................................................................................... 20

A.1.5 Bandwidth.......................................................................................................................... 20

A.2 Speech transmission requirements testing....................................................................................... 20

A.2.1 Sensitivity-frequency response ......................................................................................... 20

A.2.1.1 Sending......................................................................................................... 20

A.2.1.2 Receiving ...................................................................................................... 20

A.2.2 Loudness rating................................................................................................................. 20

A.2.2.1 Sending loudness rating ............................................................................... 20

A.2.2.2 Receiving loudness rating............................................................................. 21

A.2.3 Sidetone ............................................................................................................................ 21

A.2.3.1 Talker sidetone ............................................................................................. 21

A.2.3.2 Listener sidetone .......................................................................................... 21

A.2.4 Terminal coupling loss ...................................................................................................... 22

A.2.4.1 Weighted terminal coupling loss................................................................... 22

A.2.4.2 Stability loss.................................................................................................. 22

A.2.5 Distortion ........................................................................................................................... 23

A.2.5.1 Sending......................................................................................................... 23

A.2.5.1.1 Method 1 ............................................................................. 23

A.2.5.1.2 Method 2 ............................................................................. 23

A.2.5.2 Receiving ...................................................................................................... 24

A.2.5.2.1 Method 1 ............................................................................. 24

A.2.5.2.2 Method 2 ............................................................................. 24

A.2.5.3 Sidetone........................................................................................................ 24

A.2.6 Variation of gain with input level........................................................................................ 24

A.2.6.1 Sending......................................................................................................... 24

A.2.6.2 Receiving ...................................................................................................... 24

A.2.7 Out-of-band signals........................................................................................................... 25

A.2.7.1 Discrimination against out-of-band input signals .......................................... 25

A.2.7.2 Spurious out-of-band signals........................................................................ 25

A.2.8 Noise ................................................................................................................................. 25

A.2.8.1 Sending......................................................................................................... 25

A.2.8.2 Receiving ...................................................................................................... 25

A.2.8.3 Level of sampling frequency (receiving) ....................................................... 25

A.2.9 Delay ................................................................................................................................. 25

Annex B (informative): Acoustic shock requirements............................................................................. 28

B.1 Continuous signal ............................................................................................................................. 28

B.2 Peak signal ....................................................................................................................................... 28

Annex C (informative): Bibliography ....................................................................................................... 29

History......................................................................................................................................................... 30

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I-ETS 300 245-2: February 1996
Foreword

This second edition of Part 2 of this Interim European Telecommunication Standard (I-ETS) was produced

by the Terminal Equipment (TE) Technical Committee of the European Telecommunications Standards

Institute (ETSI).

An ETSI standard may be given I-ETS status either because it is regarded as a provisional solution ahead

of a more advanced standard, or because it is immature and requires a "trial period". The life of an I-ETS

is limited to three years after which it can be converted into an ETS, have it's life extended for a further

two years, be replaced by a new version, or be withdrawn.

Part 2 of this I-ETS specifies technical characteristics for Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)

telephony terminals as described in the scope of this I-ETS. The characteristics are additional to type

approval requirements to which the terminal equipment is subject. The additional characteristics are

meant to give improved performance.

This second edition of Part 2 to this I-ETS is the second Part of an I-ETS comprising eight Parts.

Part 1: General.
Part 2: PCM A-law, handset telephony.
Part 3: Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) A-law, loudspeaking and handsfree telephony.
Part 4: Interface for additional equipment to an ISDN telephony terminal.
Part 5: Wideband (7 kHz) handset telephony.
Part 6: Wideband (7 kHz) handsfree telephony.
Part 7: Locally generated information tones.

Part 8: Speech transmission characteristics when using low-delay code-excited linear prediction

coding at 16 kbit/s.
Proposed announcement date
Date of adoption of this I-ETS: 29 February 1996
Date of latest announcement of this I-ETS (doa): 31 May 1996
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I-ETS 300 245-2: February 1996
1 Scope

This second edition of Part 2 of this Interim European Telecommunication Standard (I-ETS) specifies the

technical characteristics for Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) A-law 3,1 kHz handset telephony terminals to

be used at the basic access for the coincident S and T reference point of the Integrated Services Digital

Network (ISDN).

This Part applies in conjunction with I-ETS 300 245-1 [1] and the characteristics specified in this Part are

additional to those of I-ETS 300 245-1 [1].

The present version of this Part does not cover measurements on receivers (in handsets) with low

acoustic output impedance.
2 Normative references

Part 2 of this I-ETS incorporates by dated or undated reference, provision from other publications. These

normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed

hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications

apply to this Part of this I-ETS only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated

references the latest edition of the publication referenced to applies.
[1] I-ETS 300 245-1: "Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); Technical
characteristics of telephony terminals; Part 1: General".
[2] CCITT Recommendation P.10 (1988): "Vocabulary of terms on telephone
transmission quality and telephone sets".
[3] CCITT Recommendation G.701 (1988): "Vocabulary of digital transmission and
multiplexing, and pulse code modulation (PCM) terms".
[4] CCITT Recommendation G.122 (1988): "Influence of national systems on
stability, talker echo and listener echo in international connections".
[5] CCITT Recommendation G.711 (1988): "Pulse code modulation (PCM) of voice
frequencies".
[6] CCITT Recommendation G.101 (1988): "The transmission plan".
[7] CCITT Recommendation G.223 (1988): "Assumptions for the calculation of
noise on hypothetical reference circuits for telephony".
[8] ITU-T Recommendation P.51 (1993): "Artificial mouth".
[9] ITU-T Recommendation P.57 (1993): "Artificial ears".
[10] IEC Publication 651: "Sound level meters".
[11] CCITT Recommendation O.133 (1988): "Equipment for measuring the
performance of PCM encoders and decoders".
[12] CCITT Recommendation G.712 (1992): "Transmission performance
characteristics of pulse code modulation".
[13] ITU-T Recommendation P.64 (1993): "Determination of sensitivity/frequency
characteristics of local telephone systems".
[14] ITU-T Recommendation P.64 (1988): "Determination of sensitivity/frequency

characteristics of local telephone systems to permit calculation of their loudness

ratings".
[15] ISO 3 (1973): "Preferred numbers - Series of preferred numbers".
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I-ETS 300 245-2: February 1996
[16] ITU-T Recommendation P.79 (1993): "Calculation of loudness ratings for
telephone sets".

[17] IEC 225: "Octave, half-octave and third-octave band filters intended for the

analysis of sound and vibrations".
[18] CCITT Recommendation O.131 (1988): "Quantizing distortion measuring
equipment using a pseudo-random noise".
[19] CCITT Recommendation O.132 (1988): "Quantizing distortion measuring
equipment using a sinusoidal test signal".
3 Definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of this I-ETS, the relevant definitions given in CCITT Recommendations P.10 [2] and

G.701 [3] apply along with the following:

Acoustic Reference Level (ARL): The acoustic level which gives - 10 dBm0 at the digital interface.

digital interface: The B-channels available at the coincident S and T reference point at an ISDN basic

access.

handsfree telephony terminal: A telephony terminal using a loudspeaker associated with an amplifier as

a telephone receiver and which can be used without a handset [based on CCITT Recommendation P.10

[2]].

loudspeaking telephony terminal: A handset telephony terminal using a loudspeaker associated with an

amplifier as a telephone receiver [based on in CCITT Recommendation P.10 [2]].

telephony 3,1 kHz teleservice: A teleservice providing speech transmission at an audio bandwidth of

3,1 kHz. The communication is bi-directional, with both directions active during the speech phase. User

information is provided over a B-channel, signalling is provided over the D-channel [based on

ETS 300 111, clause 5].

Terminal Coupling Loss (TCL): The frequency dependent coupling loss between the receiving port and

sending port of a terminal due to:
- acoustic coupling at the user interface;

- electrical coupling due to crosstalk in the handset cord or within the electrical circuits;

- seismic coupling through the mechanical parts of the terminal.

NOTE 1: The receiving port and the sending port of a digital voice terminal is a 0 dBr point.

NOTE 2: The coupling at the user interface will depend on the conditions of use.

Weighted Terminal Coupling Loss (TCLW): The weighted TCL using the weighting of CCITT

Recommendation G.122 [4].
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I-ETS 300 245-2: February 1996
3.2 Abbreviations

For the purposes of this I-ETS, the following abbreviations, plus the relevant abbreviations in CCITT

Recommendations P.10 [2] and G.701 [3] apply:
ARL Acoustic Reference Level
ERP Ear Reference Point
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
LRGP Loudness Rating Guard-ring Position
MRP Mouth Reference Point
PCM Pulse Code Modulation
RLR Receiving Loudness Rating
SLR Sending Loudness Rating
STMR SideTone Masking Rating
TCL Terminal Coupling Loss
TCLw Weighted Terminal Coupling Loss
4 Call control functions
The requirements of I-ETS 300 245-1 [1] shall be met.
5 Transmission aspects
5.1 General

Recommendations and requirements for PCM A-law handset terminals are given in this second Part of

the I-ETS. For loudspeaking or handsfree terminals or when using other coding algorithms other Parts of

this I-ETS may apply.
5.1.1 Encoding

The default speech encoding algorithm for all telephony terminals shall be the A-law encoding at 64 kbit/s

as defined in CCITT Recommendation G.711 [5]. Any possible other encoding algorithm will be additional.

For some encoding algorithms recommendations are given in other Parts of this I-ETS.

5.1.2 Relative level

The digital interface is defined as a 0 dBr point according to CCITT Recommendation G.101 [6].

5.1.3 Volume control

Unless stated otherwise, the requirements apply for all positions of the user-controlled receiving volume

control, if provided.
5.2 Speech performance characteristics
5.2.1 Frequency response and sensitivity
5.2.1.1 Sending

The sending sensitivity-frequency response (from Mouth Reference Point (MRP) to digital interface) shall

be within the limits restricted by the fully drawn lines in figure 1.

In figure 1, a response is given which is considered to give good quality (naturalness and intelligibility).

The response is drawn on a logarithmic (frequency) - linear (dB sensitivity) scale.

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I-ETS 300 245-2: February 1996
Figure 1: Sending sensitivity/frequency response
The sensitivity values are dB on an arbitrary scale.

Conformance shall be checked by the tests described in annex A, subclauses A.2.1 and A.2.1.1.

5.2.1.2 Receiving

The receiving sensitivity-frequency response (from digital interface to Ear Reference Point (ERP)) shall be

within the limits restricted by the fully drawn lines in figure 2.

In figure 2, a response is given which is considered to give good quality (naturalness and intelligibility).

The response is drawn on a logarithmic (frequency) - linear (dB sensitivity) scale.

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I-ETS 300 245-2: February 1996
Figure 2: Receiving sensitivity/frequency response
The sensitivity values are dB on an arbitrary scale.

Conformance shall be checked by the tests described in annex A, subclauses A.2.1 and A.2.1.2.

5.2.2 Loudness rating
5.2.2.1 Nominal values
The nominal values are:
SLR = 7 dB
RLR = 3 dB

A manufacturing tolerance for both Sending Loudness Rating (SLR) and Receiving Loudness Rating

(RLR) of ± 3 dB is allowed.

The nominal value of RLR shall be met for at least one setting of the (optional) volume control.

Conformance shall be checked by measurement of SLR and RLR as described in annex A,

subclause A.2.2.
5.2.2.2 Volume control (optional)
If provided, the volume control shall fulfil the following requirements.

When the volume control is set to its maximum position, or an automatic gain control is present, the RLR

shall not be less than (louder than) - 8 dB.

With the volume control set to its minimum position, the RLR shall not be greater than (quieter than)

18 dB.

Conformance shall be checked by measurement of the RLR as described in annex A, subclauses A.2.2

and A.2.2.2, with the volume control set as specified.
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I-ETS 300 245-2: February 1996

NOTE: It is recommended that all terminals should offer a manual volume control. For

interworking with some non-ISDN networks, a volume control is particularly important

to solve problems of too low receiving levels.
5.2.3 Sidetone
5.2.3.1 Talkers sidetone

The value of the SideTone Masking Rating (STMR) shall be in the range 13 dB - 18 dB when corrected to

nominal values of SLR and RLR (SLR = 7 dB, RLR = 3 dB).

Where a user-controlled volume control is provided STMR shall meet the requirement given above at the

setting where RLR is equal (or closest) to the nominal value.

Compliance shall be checked by the test described in annex A, subclauses A.2.3 and A.2.3.1.

5.2.3.2 Listeners sidetone

The value of the Listener SideTone Rating (LSTR) shall not be less than 15 dB when corrected to nominal

values of SLR and RLR (SLR = 7 dB, RLR = 3 dB).

Where a user-controlled volume control is provided STMR shall meet the requirement given above at the

setting where RLR is equal (or closest) to the nominal value.

Compliance shall be checked by the test described in annex A, subclauses A.2.3 and A.2.3.2.

5.2.4 Terminal Coupling Loss (TCL)
5.2.4.1 Weighted Terminal Coupling Loss (TCLw)

When corrected to nominal Send Loudness Rating (SLR) and Receive Loudness Rating (RLR), the TCLw

shall not be less than 40 dB.

For all positions of the user controlled volume control the TCLw shall not be less than 35 dB.

Compliance shall be checked by the test described in annex A, subclause A.2.4.1.

NOTE: In order to minimise the annoyance due to echo it is a long term objective to have

TCLw of 46 dB or more.
5.2.4.2 Stability loss

With the handset lying on a hard surface and the transducers facing that surface, the attenuation from the

digital input to the digital output shall be at least 6 dB at all frequencies in the range from 200 Hz to 4 kHz.

Conformance shall be checked by the test described in annex A, subclause A.2.4.2.

5.2.5 Distortion

The requirements for sending and receiving distortion were derived from the quantising distortion limits of

CCITT Recommendation G.712 [12]. This recommendation was written for PCM junctions with a flat

frequency response. The additional factors which have to be taken into account for telephones are the

frequency response, and the noise and harmonic distortion introduced by the electro-acoustic/analogue

parts of the instrument. The limits were calculated by a simple combination of contributions from these

factors. The effect of environmental noise on the measurement was found to be negligible until low

acoustic levels.
5.2.5.1 Sending

The terminal shall meet the requirements of both subclauses 5.2.5.1.1 and 5.2.5.1.2.

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I-ETS 300 245-2: February 1996
5.2.5.1.1 Method 1 (Pseudo random noise)

The ratio of signal-to-total distortion (harmonic and quantizing) power of the digitally encoded signal output

by the terminal equipment shall be greater than the limits given in table 1 unless the sound pressure at the

Mouth Reference Point (MRP) is greater than + 5 dBPa.
Table 1: Limits for signal-to-total distortion ratio for method 1
Sending level dB Receiving level at the Sending ratio (dB) Receiving Ratio (dB)
relative to ARL digital interface
- 45 - 55 dBm0 5,0 5,0
- 30 - 40 dBm0 20,0 20,0
- 24 - 34 dBm0 25,5 25,5
- 17 - 27 dBm0 30,2 30,6
- 10 - 20 dBm0 32,4 33,0
0 - 10 dBm0 33,0 33,7
+ 4 - 6 dBm0 33,0 33,8
+ 7 - 3 dBm0 20,0 20,0

Limits for intermediate levels are found by drawing straight lines between the break points in table 1 on a

linear (dB signal level) - linear (dB ratio) scale.

Compliance shall be checked by the test described in annex A, subclause A.2.5.1.1.

5.2.5.1.2 Method 2 (Sinusoidal signal)

The ratio of signal-to-total distortion power measured with the proper noise weighting (see table 4 of

CCITT Recommendation G.223 [7]) shall be greater than the limits given in table 2 unless the sound

pressure at the MRP is greater than + 10 dBPa.
Table 2: Limits for signal-to-total distortion ratio for method 2
Sending level dB Receiving level at the Sending Receiving
relative to ARL digital interface Ratio (dB) Ratio (dB)
- 35 - 45 dBm0 17,5
17,5
- 30 - 40 dBm0 22,5 22,5
- 20 - 30 dBm0 30,7 30,5
- 10 - 20 dBm0 33,3 33,0
0 - 10 dBm0 33,7 33,5
+ 7 - 3 dBm0
31,7 31,2
+ 10 0 dBm0 25,5 25,5

Limits for intermediate levels are found by drawing straight lines between the break points in table 2 on a

linear (dB signal level) - linear (dB ratio) scale.

Compliance shall be checked by the test described in annex A, subclause A.2.5.1.2.

5.2.5.2 Receiving

The terminal shall meet the requirements of both subclauses 5.2.5.2.1 and 5.2.5.2.2.

5.2.5.2.1 Method 1 (Pseudo random noise)
The ratio of signal-to-total distortion (harmonic and quantizing) power of
...

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