Machines for compacting waste materials or recyclable fractions - Compactors - Safety requirements

This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, manufacture and information for the safe use of compactors that compact waste material or recyclable fractions (e. g. paper, plastics, textiles, cans, cardboard, mixed waste), hereafter referred to as materials.
This European Standard applies to:
-   compactors using a horizontally moving screw, pendulum or plate as compacting part and where the materials move horizontally; and
-   compactors that are mechanically fed and/or fed by hand.
These compactors can be:
-   static compactors;
-   transportable compactors;
-   traversing systems.
The scope includes:
-   any integral mechanical feed equipment (e.g. bin lift);
-   feed hoppers/openings;
-   any integral pre-conditioning equipment in the hopper (e.g. perforators, pre-crushing devices and shredders);
-   any integral material flow control equipment;
-   the interface between the compactor and any feed equipment (except those excluded from the scope).
The scope of this European Standard does not cover:
-   compactors that are covered by EN 1501 (all parts);
-   underground compactors, however if these compactors can be used above ground this standard applies;
-   compactors using thermal technologies for compaction;
-   vacuum compactors;
-   compactors where materials are compacted vertically;
-   containers for static compactors, however the interface between the compaction unit and the container is included;
-   bins in which materials are collected for feeding into the compactor;
-   any up-stream pre-treatment equipment that is not integral to the machine and is used to treat the materials before they are fed into the feed opening of the compactor;
-   vehicles including lifting equipment used to collect and transport the compactor or container;
-   cranes, lift trucks or other transportable plant used to load materials into the feed hopper/opening and the hazards arising out of using this equipment to load;
-   any suction or dust control equipment.
This European standard does not cover the lifting and transport of transportable compactors.
This European Standard does not apply to hazards arising from the materials being processed (e.g. asbestos, clinical waste, aerosol containers).
All hazards mentioned in Clause 4 are dealt with in this European Standard.
This European Standard is not applicable for compactors which are manufactured before the date of its publication as an EN.

Maschinen zum Verdichten von Abfällen oder recyclebaren Materialien - Verdichter - Sicherheitsanforderungen

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Sicherheitsanforderungen an die Konstruktion, die Herstellung und die Benutzerinformation zur sicheren Nutzung von Verdichtern zum Verdichten von Abfällen oder recyclebaren Materialien (z. B. Papier, Kunststoff, Textilien, Dosen, Pappe, gemischten Abfällen), nachstehend Materialien genannt, fest.
Diese Norm gilt für:
-   Verdichter, die als verdichtende Teile eine horizontal bewegliche Schnecke, ein Pendel oder eine Platte verwenden und bei denen die Materialien horizontal bewegt werden; und
-   Verdichter, die mechanisch und/oder von Hand beschickt werden.
Diese Verdichter können sein:
-   stationäre Verdichter;
-   transportable Verdichter;
-   verfahrbare Systeme.
Der Anwendungsbereich enthält:
-   jede fest eingebaute mechanische Beschickungseinrichtungen (z. B. Hub-Kipp-Vorrichtungen);
-   Zuführtrichter/-öffnungen;
-   jede fest eingebaute Vorbehandlungsanlagen im Zuführtrichter (z. B. Perforatoren, Vorzerkleinerungs-einrichtungen und Schredder);
-   jede eingebaute Anlagen zur Materialflusssteuerung;
-   die Schnittstelle zwischen dem Verdichter und den jeweiligen Beschickungseinrichtungen (mit Ausnahme der vom Anwendungsbereich ausgenommenen Schnittstellen).
Im Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm nicht enthalten sind:
-   in EN 1501 (alle Teile) behandelte Verdichter;
-   Untertage-Verdichter, wenngleich diese Norm gilt, sofern sie auch oberirdisch eingesetzt werden können;
-   Verdichter, die mittels thermischer Verfahren zur Verdichtung arbeiten;
-   Vakuumverdichter;
-   Verdichter, in denen Materialien vertikal verdichtet werden;
-   Behälter für stationäre Verdichter, wobei die Schnittstelle zwischen der Verdichtungseinheit und dem Behälter im Anwendungsbereich enthalten ist;
-   Tonnen, in denen Materialien gesammelt werden, die dem Verdichter zugeführt werden sollen;
-   alle vorgelagerten Vorbehandlungsanlagen, die nicht fest in die Maschine eingebaut sind und der Behandlung der Materialien dienen, bevor diese dem Verdichter über die Zuführöffnung zugeführt werden;
-   Fahrzeuge einschließlich Hebevorrichtungen zur Aufnahme und zum Transport des Verdichters oder Behälters;
-   Kräne, Gabelstapler oder sonstige transportable Maschinen, die der Zufuhr von Materialien in den Zuführtrichter/die Zuführöffnung dienen sowie die Gefährdungen, die durch den Einsatz dieser Ausrüstungen für die Beschickung entstehen;
-   alle Absaug- oder Entstaubungsanlagen.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt nicht den Hebevorgang und Transport transportabler Verdichter.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Gefährdungen, die durch die verarbeiteten Materialien (z. B. Asbest, Klinikabfälle, Sprühdosen) entstehen.
Alle in Abschnitt 4 aufgeführten Gefährdungen werden in dieser Europäischen Norm behandelt.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Verdichter, die vor dem Veröffentlichungsdatum dieser EN hergestellt wurden.

Machines de compactage pour déchets ou matières recyclables - Compacteurs - Prescriptions de sécurité

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions de sécurité applicables à la conception, à la construction et aux informations pour l’utilisation en sécurité des compacteurs pour déchets ou matières recyclables (tels que papier, matières plastiques, textiles, canettes, carton, déchets mélangés), ci après dénommés matériaux.
La présente Norme européenne s’applique :
-   aux compacteurs utilisant comme élément presseur une vis, une pelle ou un plateau se déplaçant horizontalement, et dans lesquels les matériaux sont poussés horizontalement ;
-   aux compacteurs chargés mécaniquement et/ou manuellement.
Ces compacteurs peuvent être :
-   des compacteurs désaccouplables ;
-   des compacteurs monobloc ;
-   des systèmes à translation.
Le domaine d’application couvre :
-   tout équipement de chargement mécanique faisant partie intégrante de la machine (lève-conteneurs, par exemple) ;
-   les trémies/ouvertures de chargement ;
-   tout équipement de préconditionnement placé dans la trémie et faisant partie intégrante de la machine (perforateurs, dispositifs de broyage et déchiqueteurs, par exemple) ;
-   tout équipement de régulation du flux de matériaux faisant partie intégrante de la machine ;
-   l’interface entre le compacteur et tout équipement de chargement (à l’exception de ceux qui sont exclus du domaine d’application).
Le domaine d’application de la présente Norme européenne ne couvre pas :
-   les compacteurs couverts par l’EN 1501 (toutes les parties) ;
-   les compacteurs installés sous terre ; toutefois, la présente norme s’applique à ces compacteurs s’ils peuvent aussi être utilisés en surface ;
-   les compacteurs utilisant des technologies thermiques pour le compactage ;
-   les compacteurs à dépression ;
-   les compacteurs dans lesquels les matériaux sont compactés verticalement ;
-   les caissons pour compacteurs désaccouplables ; toutefois, l’interface entre l’unité de compaction et le caisson est couverte ;
-   les bennes de collecte des matériaux à compacter ;
-   tout équipement amont de préconditionnement ne faisant pas partie intégrante de la machine et utilisé pour traiter les matériaux avant qu’ils soient introduits dans l’ouverture de chargement du compacteur ;
-   les véhicules de reprise et de transport du compacteur ou du caisson, ni leurs équipements de levage ;
-   les grues, chariots industriels ou autres engins mobiles utilisés pour charger les matériaux dans la trémie/l’ouverture de chargement, ni les phénomènes dangereux résultant du chargement au moyen de ces équipements ;
-   tout équipement d’aspiration et de dépoussiérage.
La présente Norme européenne ne couvre pas les opérations de levage et de transport des compacteurs monobloc.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux phénomènes dangereux résultant des matériaux traités (amiante, déchets médicaux, générateurs d’aérosols, par exemple).
Tous les phénomènes dangereux mentionnés à l’Article 4 sont traités dans la présente Norme européenne.
La présente Norme européenne n'est pas applicable aux compacteurs fabriqués avant sa date de publication comme EN.

Stroji za stiskanje odpadkov ali reciklirnih materialov - Kompaktorji (zgoščevalniki) - Varnostne zahteve

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Jan-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
02-Sep-2020
Due Date
07-Nov-2020
Completion Date
11-Jan-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
01-februar-2021

Stroji za stiskanje odpadkov ali reciklirnih materialov - Kompaktorji (zgoščevalniki)

- Varnostne zahteve

Machines for compacting waste materials or recyclable fractions - Compactors - Safety

requirements

Maschinen zum Verdichten von Abfällen oder recyclebaren Materialien - Verdichter -

Sicherheitsanforderungen
Machines de compactage pour déchets ou matières recyclables - Compacteurs -
Prescriptions de sécurité
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 16486:2014+A1:2020
ICS:
13.030.40 Naprave in oprema za Installations and equipment
odstranjevanje in obdelavo for waste disposal and
odpadkov treatment
SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
EN 16486:2014+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 43.160 Supersedes EN 16486:2014
English Version
Machines for compacting waste materials or recyclable
fractions - Compactors - Safety requirements

Machines de compactage pour déchets ou matières Maschinen zum Verdichten von Abfällen oder

recyclables - Compacteurs - Prescriptions de sécurité recyclebaren Materialien - Verdichter -

Sicherheitsanforderungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 28 May 2014 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 7 March 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9

4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 13

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 17

5.1 Mechanical hazards ..................................................................................................................................... 17

5.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.1.2 Feed equipment area .................................................................................................................................. 19

5.1.3 Feed hopper/opening area and compaction chamber ................................................................... 21

5.1.4 Area behind the compacting parts ......................................................................................................... 23

5.1.5 Container closing devices .......................................................................................................................... 23

5.1.6 Interface between compaction unit and container on static compactors ............................... 24

5.1.7 Emptying process of transportable compactors ............................................................................... 25

5.1.8 Handling of transportable compactors ................................................................................................ 25

5.1.9 Traversing systems ..................................................................................................................................... 25

5.2 Hazards due to failures in the control system or unexpected start-up .................................... 28

5.2.1 Control devices, actuators and systems ............................................................................................... 28

5.2.2 Prevention of unauthorised operation ................................................................................................ 28

5.2.3 Emergency stop ............................................................................................................................................. 29

5.2.4 Required performance levels PL ........................................................................................................... 29

5.3 Electrical hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 29

5.4 Hazards from hydraulic equipment ...................................................................................................... 30

5.5 Slips, trips and falls...................................................................................................................................... 30

5.6 Hazards generated by noise ..................................................................................................................... 30

5.6.1 Noise reduction at source by design ..................................................................................................... 30

5.6.2 Noise reduction by protective measures ............................................................................................. 31

5.6.3 Information connected with noise hazards ........................................................................................ 31

5.7 Hazards due to neglecting ergonomic principles in the design of the machine .................... 31

6 Verification of the safety requirements and/ or protective measures ..................................... 31

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 34

7.1 General Information ................................................................................................................................... 34

7.2 Information for safe operation ............................................................................................................... 35

7.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 35

7.2.2 Instructions for operation ........................................................................................................................ 35

7.2.3 Information on noise .................................................................................................................................. 36

7.2.4 Installation instructions ............................................................................................................................ 36

7.2.5 Setting and maintenance instructions .................................................................................................. 36

7.2.6 Spare parts list .............................................................................................................................................. 37

7.2.7 Preventing faults and fault recovery ..................................................................................................... 37

7.2.8 Information for preventing and removing blockages ..................................................................... 37

7.2.9 Information relating to connections between the compactor, container and any

traversing systems ....................................................................................................................................... 37

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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 (E)

7.2.10 Transportable compactors ........................................................................................................................ 38

7.2.11 Information on examinations and/or inspections ........................................................................... 38

7.3 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 39

7.3.1 Manufacturer's plate ................................................................................................................................... 39

7.3.2 Safety signs ...................................................................................................................................................... 39

Annex A (normative) Noise test code ................................................................................................................... 41

A.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 41

A.2 Determination of emission sound pressure level at the work station(s) ................................ 41

A.2.1 Basic standards ............................................................................................................................................. 41

A.2.2 Measurement uncertainty ......................................................................................................................... 42

A.3 Determination of sound power levels ................................................................................................... 42

A.3.1 Basic standards ............................................................................................................................................. 42

A.3.2 Measurement uncertainty ......................................................................................................................... 42

A.4 Installation and mounting conditions for the noise measurement ............................................ 43

A.5 Operating conditions ................................................................................................................................... 43

A.6 Information to be recorded and reported ........................................................................................... 43

A.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 43

A.6.2 Compactor data ............................................................................................................................................. 43

A.6.3 Standards used .............................................................................................................................................. 43

A.6.4 Noise data ........................................................................................................................................................ 43

A.6.5 Installation and operating conditions ................................................................................................... 43

A.7 Declaration and verification of noise emission values ................................................................... 43

Annex B (informative) Preliminary dialogue between manufacturer and user .................................. 45

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC machinery, and amending Directive

95/16/EC (recast) [2006 L157] aimed to be covered ..................................................................... 46

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 50

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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 16486:2014+A1:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 397

“Project Committee - Baling presses - Safety requirements”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2020 and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes !EN 16486:2014".
This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 3 March 2020.

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive.

For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 (E)
Introduction
This European Standard is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100:2010.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B

standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built in accordance with the provisions of this type

C standard.
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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, manufacture and information

for the safe use of compactors that compact waste material or recyclable fractions (e. g. paper, plastics,

textiles, cans, cardboard, mixed waste), hereafter referred to as materials.
This European Standard applies to:

— compactors using a horizontally moving screw, pendulum or plate as compacting part and where

the materials move horizontally; and
— compactors that are mechanically fed and/or fed by hand.
These compactors can be:
— static compactors;
— transportable compactors;
— traversing systems.
The scope includes:
— any integral mechanical feed equipment (e.g. bin lift);
— feed hoppers/openings;

— any integral pre-conditioning equipment in the hopper (e.g. perforators, pre-crushing devices and

shredders);
— any integral material flow control equipment;

— the interface between the compactor and any feed equipment (except those excluded from the

scope).
The scope of this European Standard does not cover:
— compactors that are covered by EN 1501 (all parts);

— underground compactors, however if these compactors can be used above ground this standard

applies;
— compactors using thermal technologies for compaction;
— vacuum compactors;
— compactors where materials are compacted vertically;

— containers for static compactors, however the interface between the compaction unit and the

container is included;
— bins in which materials are collected for feeding into the compactor;

— any up-stream pre-treatment equipment that is not integral to the machine and is used to treat the

materials before they are fed into the feed opening of the compactor;
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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 (E)

— vehicles including lifting equipment used to collect and transport the compactor or container;

— cranes, lift trucks or other transportable plant used to load materials into the feed hopper/opening

and the hazards arising out of using this equipment to load;
— any suction or dust control equipment.

This European standard does not cover the lifting and transport of transportable compactors.

This European Standard does not apply to hazards arising from the materials being processed (e.g.

asbestos, clinical waste, aerosol containers).
All hazards mentioned in Clause 4 are dealt with in this European Standard.

This European Standard is not applicable for compactors which are manufactured before the date of its

publication as an EN.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 349:1993+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body

EN 574:1996+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Two-hand control devices - Functional aspects - Principles

for design

EN 620:2002+A1:2010, Continuous handling equipment and systems - Safety and EMC requirements for

fixed belt conveyors for bulk materials

EN 953:1997+A1:2009, Safety of machinery - Guards - General requirements for the design and

construction of fixed and movable guards
EN 1837:1999+A1:2009, Safety of machinery - Integral lighting of machines

EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)

EN 61496-1:2004, Safety of machinery - Electro-sensitive protective equipment - Part 1: General

requirements and tests

CLC/TS 61496-2:2006, Safety of machinery – Electro-sensitive protective equipment – Part 2: Particular

requirements for active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs) (IEC 61496-2:2006)

CLC/TS 61496-3:2008, Safety of machinery – Electro-sensitive protective equipment – Part 3: Particular

requirements for active opto-electronic protective devices responsive to diffuse reflection (AOPDDR)

(IEC 61496-3:2008)

EN 62262:2002, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment against external

mechanical impacts (IK code) (IEC 62262:2002)

EN ISO 3744:2010, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure - Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane

(ISO 3744:2010)
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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 (E)

EN ISO 3746:2010, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure - Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting

plane (ISO 3746:2010)

EN ISO 3747:2010, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure - Engineering/survey methods for use in situ in a reverberant environment

(ISO 3747:2010)

EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413:2010)

EN ISO 4871:2009, Acoustics - Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and

equipment (ISO 4871:1996)

EN ISO 9614-2:1996, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound

intensity - Part 2: Measurement by scanning (ISO 9614-2:1996)

EN ISO 11200:2014, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Guidelines for the use of

basic standards for the determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other

specified positions (ISO 11200:2014)

EN ISO 11201:2010, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field over a

reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections (ISO 11201:2010)

EN ISO 11202:2010, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate

environmental corrections (ISO 11202:2010)

EN ISO 11204:2010, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying accurate environmental

corrections (ISO 11204:2010)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13849-1:2008, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2006)

EN ISO 13850:2008, Safety of machinery - Emergency stop - Principles for design (ISO 13850:2006)

EN ISO 13855:2010, Safety of machinery - Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds

of parts of the human body (ISO 13855:2010)

EN ISO 13856-1:2013, Safety of machinery - Pressure-sensitive protective devices - Part 1: General

principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive mats and pressure-sensitive floors (ISO 13856-

1:2013)

EN ISO 13856-2:2013, Safety of machinery - Pressure-sensitive protective devices - Part 2: General

principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive edges and pressure-sensitive bars (ISO 13856-

2:2013)

EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by

upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008)
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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 (E)

EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery - Interlocking devices associated with guards - Principles for

design and selection (ISO 14119:2013)

EN ISO 14122-1:2001, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 1: Choice of

fixed means of access between two levels (ISO 14122-1:2001)

EN ISO 14122-2:2001, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 2: Working

platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2001)

EN ISO 14122-3:2001, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 3: Stairs,

stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2001)

EN ISO 14122-4:2004, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 4: Fixed

ladders (ISO 14122-4:2004)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the

following apply.
3.1
compactor

machine, consisting of a compaction unit and container that compacts loose materials into a container

(materials can include, but are not limited to, paper, plastics, textiles, cans, cardboard and mixed waste)

Note 1 to entry: A compactor can consist of e. g. a control system and control station, mechanical feed

equipment such as a bin lift, feed hopper, compaction chamber, compacting equipment, container and any

associated container closing device. Compactors can be manually or mechanically fed.

Note 2 to entry: Compactors can be:

— static, i. e. the compaction unit is fixed at one location and the container is transportable;

— transportable and used at different locations, i. e. it is transported to and from different locations by

e.g. road vehicles;
— part of a traversing system.
3.1.1
static compactor

compactor on which the compaction unit is fixed and the container is not integral with the compactor

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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 (E)
Figure 1 — Example of a static compactor
3.1.2
transportable compactor

self-contained compaction unit and container, which can be transported as a complete unit

Figure 2 — Example of a transportable compactor
3.2
container

the material-receiving container into which the loose material is compacted by the compaction unit

Note 1 to entry: On a transportable compactor the container is an integral part of the compactor.

Note 2 to entry: On a static compactor the container is not an integral part of the compactor, however the

interface between the compaction unit and the container is covered in this standard, see Scope.

3.3
coupling device

mechanism for clamping the container to the main body of the compaction unit and holding it in

position
3.4
traversing system
installation composed of:
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EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 (E)

— either several containers that are placed on a carrier system that traverses (e.g. on rails) in front of

a static compactor;

— or several containers that are placed in front of a traversing compactor (e.g. on rails)

Note 1 to entry: Where the containers traverse only the compactor, the carrier system and the interface

between the compactor and containers are covered by this standard
3.5
integral pre-conditioning equipment

equipment that is mounted/fixed to the compactor and is used to treat the material being fed into the

compactor to help compaction, e.g. perforators, rufflers, pre-crushers and shredders

Note 1 to entry: These devices can be fixed, or inserted into and retracted from, the feed hopper.

3.6
integral material flow control equipment

equipment that is mounted/fixed to the compactor and helps material in the feed opening flow into the

compaction chamber and/or prevent blockages or bridging, e.g. forced feeding device for screw

compactors
3.7
feed equipment
equipment used for feeding materials to be compacted into the compaction chamber
3.8
integral feed equipment
mechanical feed equipment i.e. conveyor or bin lift that is:
— mounted/fixed to the compactor;

— the power supply and control system of which are linked into the compactors systems

3.9
bin lift

mechanical feed equipment for lifting a bin containing materials and tipping the contents into the

compaction chamber of the compactor
3.10
bin

container, usually fitted with wheels, in which material are collected ready for feeding into the

compaction chamber of the compactor
3.11
feed hopper

chute through which materials being fed to the compactor are guided into the compaction chamber

3.12
feed opening
opening through which materials are fed into the compaction chamber
3.13
manual feeding
loading materials directly into the feed hopper/opening by hand
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SIST EN 16486:2014+A1:2021
EN 16486:2014+A1:2020 (E)
3.14
mechanical feeding

loading materials into the feed hopper/opening by mechanical means, e.g. conveyors, bin lifts

3.15
compaction chamber

chamber into which material is fed and in which one or more compacting parts move to press and

compact the material into the receiving container
3.16
compacting part

device for the compacting process/movement; the device can be a plate, a screw or a pendulum

3.17
compacting equipment

all components directly involved in pressing the loose materials into the container and compacting

them inside the container (e.g. hydraulic system, compacting parts, compaction chamber)

3.18
compaction unit
the part of the compactor containing the compacting equipment
3.19
cycle of the compacting part

complete forward and reverse movement of the compacting part or a complete 360° rotation

3.20
multiple cycle

operating mode in which the machine cycles during a pre-set time, then stops automatically

3.21
automatic initiation of cycles
...

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