Road transport and traffic telematics - Automatic vehicle and equipment identification - Reference architecture and terminology (ISO 14814:2006)

This International Standard establishes a common framework to achieve unambiguous identification in ITS/RTTT: AVI/AEI applications. This scheme and Reference Architecture Model is designed to be an "enabling" structure to allow interoperability between different commercial systems, and not prescriptive in determining any one system. It is not frequency- nor air interface protocol-specific, provides maximum interoperability, has a high population capability, and provides the possibility of upwards migration to more capable systems. This International Standard provides a reference structure which enables an unambiguous identification and also identifies the data construct as an ITS/RTTT message. This is particularly important within an EDI environment. The construct also identifies which ITS/RTTT data structure is contained in the message. A wide variety of applications can be supported by the structure determined in this International Standard, such as simple AVI/AEI, complex unambiguous ITS/RTTT messages (in either user-identified or anonymous formats), or new and as yet undefined message structures. The principles of data element structure determined in ISO/IEC 8824 have been adopted to provide an interoperable architecture within a standard framework. The use of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) from ISO/IEC 8824 and ISO/IEC 8825 as a data identifier is widely used. A key feature of the structure is to provide interoperability of data constructs. This AVI/AEI scheme may also be used as part of a data construct for purposes such as automatic fee collection and enables interoperability with existing standards. This International Standard does not include the air interface nor any implementation aspect, solely the Reference Architectures. Subsequent International Standards will define data structures for general AVI/AEI and for specific sectors of application. The Numbering and Data Structure will be capable of operation both by read/write devices, and by read-only devices where there is no requirement (or if there is no possibility) to write to the OBE.

Telematik für Straßenverkehr und Transport - Automatische Identifikation von Fahrzeugen und Ausrüstungen - Refernzarchitektur und Benennung (ISO 14814:2006)

Télématique du transport routier et de la circulation - Identification automatique des véhicules et des équipements - Architecture de référence et terminologie (ISO 14814:2006)

Cestna transportna in prometna telematika – Avtomatična identifikacija vozil in opreme – 1. del: Referenčna arhitektura in terminologija (ISO 14814:2006)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
31-May-2006
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Jun-2006
Due Date
01-Jun-2006
Completion Date
01-Jun-2006

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
English language
19 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
01-junij-2006
1DGRPHãþD
SIST ENV 12314-1:2003
&HVWQDWUDQVSRUWQDLQSURPHWQDWHOHPDWLND±$YWRPDWLþQDLGHQWLILNDFLMDYR]LOLQ
RSUHPH±GHO5HIHUHQþQDDUKLWHNWXUDLQWHUPLQRORJLMD ,62

Road transport and traffic telematics - Automatic vehicle and equipment identification -

Reference architecture and terminology (ISO 14814:2006)
Telematik für Straßenverkehr und Transport - Automatische Identifikation von
Fahrzeugen und Ausrüstungen - Refernzarchitektur und Benennung (ISO 14814:2006)

Télématique du transport routier et de la circulation - Identification automatique des

véhicules et des équipements - Architecture de référence et terminologie (ISO
14814:2006)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14814:2006
ICS:
03.220.20 Cestni transport Road transport
35.240.60 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in transport
transportu in trgovini and trade
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 14814
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2006
ICS 35.240.60; 03.220.20 Supersedes ENV 12314-1:1996
English Version
Road transport and traffic telematics - Automatic vehicle and
equipment identification - Reference architecture and
terminology (ISO 14814:2006)

Télématique du transport routier et de la circulation - Telematik für Straßenverkehr und Transport - Automatische

Identification automatique des véhicules et des Identifikation von Fahrzeugen und Ausrüstungen -

équipements - Architecture de référence et terminologie Refernzarchitektur und Bennenung (ISO 14814:2006)

(ISO 14814:2006)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 February 2006.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2006 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14814:2006: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
EN ISO 14814:2006 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 14814:2006) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC

278 "Road transport and traffic telematics", the secretariat of which is held by NEN, in

collaboration with Technical Committee ISO/TC 204 "Transport information and control

systems".

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication

of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2006, and conflicting

national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2006.
This document supersedes ENV 12314-1:1996.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of

the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14814
First edition
2006-03-01
Road transport and traffic telematics —
Automatic vehicle and equipment
identification — Reference architecture
and terminology
Télématique du transport routier et de la circulation — Identification
automatique des véhicules et des équipements — Architecture de
référence et terminologie
Reference number
ISO 14814:2006(E)
ISO 2006
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
ISO 14814:2006(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

© ISO 2006

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
ISO 14814:2006(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................2

4 Requirements.........................................................................................................................................5

4.1 General requirements............................................................................................................................5

4.2 Conceptual architecture........................................................................................................................5

4.3 Functional architecture .........................................................................................................................5

4.4 Data architecture....................................................................................................................................5

4.5 Application architecture........................................................................................................................6

4.6 Implementation architecture.................................................................................................................7

Annex A (informative) ITS/RTTT context of AVI/AEI reference architecture model .....................................8

© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
ISO 14814:2006(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 14814 was prepared by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee

CEN/TC 278, Road transport and traffic telematics, in collaboration with Technical Committee ISO/TC 204,

Intelligent transport systems, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and

CEN (Vienna Agreement).
iv © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
ISO 14814:2006(E)
Introduction

The interaction between vehicles, the driver and the road infrastructure is of major importance. Various

technologies are already used to assist this interaction.

There is a significant and growing requirement to enable moving vehicles to interact with the infrastructure

This technical field is generally known by several abbreviations, including RTI (Road Traffic Informatics), TICS

(Transport Information and Control Systems) and in CEN as RTTT (Road Transport and Traffic Telematics).

More recently, there has been a coalescence to the abbreviation ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems) and both

standardization committees are in the process of changing their titles to this name.

A principal means of interaction in the ITS environment is AVI/AEI (Automatic Vehicle Identification/Automatic

Equipment Identification).

The data component in an ITS/RTTT environment provides the basis for unambiguous identification of the

OBE (On-Board Equipment), and may also share a medium for a bi-directional interactive exchange of data

between the host and OBE and to other equipment (such as smart cards or other equipment on board).

Within the ITS/RTTT sector, applications may range from simple vehicle and equipment identification to

complex international and national systems. Typical direct applications are road charging, parking, vehicle

management, information and control systems.

The Reference Architecture Model and the Data Construct Schemes described in this family of International

Standards provide a platform for a wide range of media so that the currency of the International Standard shall

remain good both for existing and future technologies. It recognizes that there are existing AVI/AEI

applications and provides a means of supporting such data constructs within the International Standard.

This International Standard prescribes the overall parameters within which these subsidiary International

Standards are constructed. The Architecture description defined in this International Standard is presented in

a form consistent with the recommendations of ISO TC204/WG1, and is supported by that Working Group.

In many cases it is necessary or desirable to use one air carrier frequency and protocol, but this is not always

possible nor even desirable in all situations.

However, there is a benefit in using a standard common core data structure that is capable of upwards

integration and expandable from the simplest low-cost AVI/AEI system to the more complex functions. Such a

structure must be flexible and enabling rather than prescriptive, thus enabling different degrees of

interoperability within and between their host systems.

The use of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) from the ISO/IEC 8824 and ISO/IEC 8825 series of

International Standards as a data identifier structure is now widely accepted, and required by ISO TR 14813-6

for data definition in ITS International Standards. Its usage provides maximum interoperability and

conformance to existing standards, and meets the specifically defined requirements for a generic International

Standard model for ITS/RTTT in that it:
⎯ enables and uses existing standard coding,
⎯ is adaptable and expandable,
⎯ does not include unnecessary information for a specific application, and
⎯ has a minimum of overhead in storage and transmission.

This document is part of a series of International Standards defining AVI/AEI in the ITS/RTTT environment.

Other documents in the series include ISO 14815, ISO 14816, ISO/TS 17261, ISO/TS 17262, ISO/TS 17263

and ISO/TS 17264.
© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14814:2006(E)
Road transport and traffic telematics — Automatic vehicle and
equipment identification — Reference architecture and
terminology
1 Scope

This International Standard establishes a common framework to achieve unambiguous identification in

ITS/RTTT: AVI/AEI applications.

This scheme and Reference Architecture Model is designed to be an “enabling” structure to allow

interoperability between different commercial systems, and not prescriptive in determining any one system. It

is not frequency- nor air interface protocol-specific, provides maximum interoperability, has a high population

capability, and provides the possibility of upwards migration to more capable systems.

This International Standard provides a reference structure which enables an unambiguous identification and

also identifies the data construct as an ITS/RTTT message. This is particularly important within an EDI

environment. The construct also identifies which ITS/RTTT data structure is contained in the message.

A wide variety of applications can be supported by the structure determined in this International Standard,

such as simple AVI/AEI, complex unambiguous ITS/RTTT messages (in either user-identified or anonymous

formats), or new and as yet undefined message structures.

The principles of data element structure determined in ISO/IEC 8824 have been adopted to provide an

interoperable architecture within a standard framework. The use of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)

from ISO/IEC 8824 and ISO/IEC 8825 as a data identifier is widely used.

A key feature of the structure is to provide interoperability of data constructs. This AVI/AEI scheme may also

be used as part of a data construct for purposes such as automatic fee collection and enables interoperability

with existing standards.

This International Standard does not include the air interface nor any implementation aspect, solely the

Reference Architectures. Subsequent International Standards will define data structures for general AVI/AEI

and for specific sectors of application.

The Numbering and Data Structure will be capable of operation both by read/write devices, and by read-only

devices where there is no requirement (or if there is no possibility) to write to the OBE.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 8824 (all parts), Information technology — Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)

ISO/IEC 8825 (all rules), Information technology — ASN.1 encoding rules

ISO 9897, Freight containers — Container equipment data exchange (CEDEX) — General communication

codes
© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
ISO 14814:2006(E)

ISO TR 14813 (all parts), Transport information and control systems — Reference model architecture(s) for

the TICS sector

ISO 14815, Road transport and traffic telematics — Automatic vehicle and equipment identification — System

specifications

ISO 14816, Road transport and traffic telematics — Automatic vehicle and equipment identification —

Numbering and data structure

ISO 14817, Transport information and control systems — Requirements for an ITS/TICS central Data Registry

and ITS/TICS Data Dictionaries

ISO/TS 17261, Intelligent transport systems — Automatic vehicle and equipment identification — Intermodal

goods transport architecture and terminology

ISO/TS 17262, Automatic vehicle and equipment identification — Intermodal goods transport — Numbering

and data structures

ISO/TS 17263, Automatic vehicle and equipment identification — Intermodal goods transport — System

parameters
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
address

data element designating the originating source or destination of data being transmitted

3.2
air interface

conductor-free medium between an OBE and the reader/interrogator through which the linking of the OBE to

the reader/interrogator is achieved by means of electro-magnetic signals
3.3
application identifier

in the context of this Reference Architecture Model and its Numbering and Data Structures, the first octet of a

data element construct being passed across the reference points Alpha or Beta
NOTE This octet identifies whether the message is a specific ITS/RTTT message.
3.4
ASN.1

Abstract Syntax Notation (Number) One, as defined in ISO/IEC 8824 and ISO/IEC 8825

3.5
Automatic Equipment Identification
AEI

process of identifying equipment or entities that use the surface transportation infrastructures by means of

OBE’s combined with the unambiguous data structure defined in this International Standard

3.6
Automatic Identification System
AIS

system for achieving accurate and unambiguous identification of a data-bearing OBE, tag, transponder or

natural/prescribed feature, the data or feature being interrogated by means of a system-appropriate source

2 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 14814:2006
ISO 14814:2006(E)
3.7
Automatic Vehicle Identification
AVI

process of identifying vehicles using OBE combined with the unambiguous data structure defined in this

International Standard
3.8
carrier signal

electromagnetic signal that can be modulated to carry lower frequency-encoded information across an air

interface
3.9
Coding Scheme Identifier
CSI

prescribed list of reference identifiers which relate to prescribed coding schemes determined in this

International Standard
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.