Earth-moving machinery - Design requirements for circulation on the road

This European Standard specifies the requirements for earth-moving machinery described in EN ISO 6165, intended to travel on the road. This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events during on road travel of earth-moving machinery. This European Standard does not apply to earth-moving machinery with a width exceeding 3 metres. This European Standard does not apply to earth-moving machinery on legs e.g. walking excavators. This European Standard does not cover the hazards relevant to non-riding and remote control earth-moving machinery. This European Standard is not applicable to earth-moving machines manufactured before the publication date of this European Standard by CEN.

Erdbaumaschinen - Anforderungen an die Anwendung auf der Straße

Diese Norm legt die Anforderungen an in der EN ISO 6165 beschriebene Erdbaumaschinen fest, die zum Fahren auf der Straße konstruiert sind.
Diese Norm legt die geeigneten technischen Maßnahmen zum Eliminieren oder Reduzieren von Risken fest, die sich aus den bedeutenden Gefahren, gefährlichen Situationen und Ereignissen bei der Fahrt von Erdbau¬maschinen auf der Straße ergeben können.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für Erdbaumaschinen, die sich auf Beinen (z. B. Schreit(kufen)bagger) bewegen.
Diese Norm behandelt keine Gefahren, die für führerlose Erdbaumaschinen von Bedeutung sind, d. h. gehgelenkt (flurgesteuert) oder daneben stehend, oder Erdbaumaschinen, die mit einer Fernsteuerung bedient werden.
Diese Norm ist nicht auf Erdbaumaschinen anwendbar, die vor dem Veröffentlichungsdatum der vorliegenden Norm durch CEN produziert wurden.

Engins de terrassement - Prescriptions de conception pour la circulation sur route

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions applicables aux engins de terrassement décrits
dans l’EN ISO 6165 [2] et conçus pour circuler sur route.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie les mesures techniques appropriées pour éliminer ou réduire les
risques liés aux phénomènes dangereux significatifs, situations et événements dangereux significatifs
pendant la circulation sur route des engins de terrassement.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux engins de terrassement de largeur supérieure à 3 m
(voir 4.2.5).
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux engins de terrassement sur jambes, par exemple, les
pelles araignées.
La présente Norme européenne ne couvre pas les phénomènes dangereux liés aux engins de terrassement
qui sont à conducteur non-porté ou commandés à distance.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux engins de terrassement fabriqués avant sa date de
publication par le CEN.

Stroji za zemeljska dela - Zahteve projektiranja za uporabo na cesti

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
03-Jun-2008
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
21-May-2008
Due Date
26-Jul-2008
Completion Date
04-Jun-2008

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 15573:2008
01-julij-2008
Stroji za zemeljska dela - Zahteve projektiranja za uporabo na cesti
Earth-moving machinery - Design requirements for circulation on the road
Erdbaumaschinen - Anforderungen an die Anwendung auf der Straße

Engins de terrassement - Prescriptions de conception pour la circulation sur route

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 15573:2008
ICS:
53.100 Stroji za zemeljska dela Earth-moving machinery
SIST EN 15573:2008 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 15573
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2008
ICS 53.100
English Version
Earth-moving machinery - Design requirements for circulation on
the road

Engins de terrassement - Prescriptions de conception pour Erdbaumaschinen - Anforderungen an die Anwendung auf

la circulation sur route der Straße
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 7 March 2008.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 15573:2008: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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EN 15573:2008 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................5

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................6

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................7

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................7

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................8

4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures..............................................................................9

4.1 General safety ........................................................................................................................................9

4.2 Dimensions and masses.......................................................................................................................9

4.2.1 General....................................................................................................................................................9

4.2.2 Maximum mass ....................................................................................................................................10

4.2.3 Maximum axle load..............................................................................................................................10

4.2.4 Maximum length...................................................................................................................................10

4.2.5 Maximum width....................................................................................................................................11

4.2.6 Maximum height...................................................................................................................................12

4.3 Speed ....................................................................................................................................................12

4.3.1 Speed marking .....................................................................................................................................12

4.3.2 Speedometer ........................................................................................................................................12

4.4 Road preservation ...............................................................................................................................12

4.4.1 Tyres and rims .....................................................................................................................................12

4.4.2 Tracks ...................................................................................................................................................13

4.5 Dynamic stability .................................................................................................................................13

4.6 Steering system ...................................................................................................................................13

4.6.1 Power assisted steering......................................................................................................................13

4.6.2 Full power steering..............................................................................................................................14

4.7 Brake systems......................................................................................................................................14

4.8 Trailer connections..............................................................................................................................14

4.8.1 Coupling devices .................................................................................................................................14

4.8.2 Braking..................................................................................................................................................14

4.8.3 Lighting socket ....................................................................................................................................15

4.9 Operator's station ................................................................................................................................15

4.9.1 Visibility ................................................................................................................................................15

4.9.2 Mirrors...................................................................................................................................................15

4.9.3 Restraint system..................................................................................................................................15

4.10 Operator's station equipped with an enclosed cab .........................................................................15

4.10.1 Demisting and defrosting systems....................................................................................................15

4.10.2 Wiper systems......................................................................................................................................15

4.10.3 Doors and windows.............................................................................................................................16

4.11 Operator's controls and indicators....................................................................................................16

4.11.1 General..................................................................................................................................................16

4.11.2 Inadvertent activation..........................................................................................................................16

4.11.3 Pedals ...................................................................................................................................................16

4.11.4 Operating instrumentation..................................................................................................................16

4.12 Lighting, signalling and marking lights, and reflex-reflector devices............................................17

4.12.1 General..................................................................................................................................................17

4.12.2 Width marker lamps ............................................................................................................................19

4.12.3 Special warning plates ........................................................................................................................20

4.13 Plates and inscriptions .......................................................................................................................21

4.13.1 Rear registration plate.........................................................................................................................21

4.13.2 Manufacturer’s plate............................................................................................................................22

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EN 15573:2008 (E)

4.13.3 Identification Number..........................................................................................................................22

4.14 Warning devices ..................................................................................................................................22

4.15 Noise emission measurement............................................................................................................22

4.15.1 Limits ....................................................................................................................................................22

4.15.2 Conditions of measurement...............................................................................................................22

4.15.3 Method of Measurement .....................................................................................................................23

4.15.4 Interpretation of results ......................................................................................................................23

4.16 Protruding appliance protection........................................................................................................24

4.17 Uncontrolled motion ...........................................................................................................................24

4.18 Fenders.................................................................................................................................................24

4.19 Fuel tanks.............................................................................................................................................24

5 Verification of safety requirements and/or protective measures...................................................24

Annex A (informative) Speed marking signs..................................................................................................26

A.1 General .................................................................................................................................................26

A.2 Colour ...................................................................................................................................................26

A.3 Size........................................................................................................................................................26

Annex B (normative) Ground contact pressure.............................................................................................27

B.1 General .................................................................................................................................................27

B.2 Definitions ............................................................................................................................................27

B.2.1 Crawler base, L ...................................................................................................................................27

B.2.2 Tread contact area, T .........................................................................................................................28

B.3 Requirements.......................................................................................................................................28

B.3.1 Calculation of average ground contact pressure, PG – dual track systems................................28

B.3.2 Calculation of average ground contact pressure, PG – multi-track systems ..............................28

Annex C (normative) Braking requirements ..................................................................................................29

C.1 Machines with a design speed ≤ 40 km/h .........................................................................................29

C.2 Machines with a design speed > 40 km/h .........................................................................................29

C.2.1 Test conditions....................................................................................................................................29

C.2.2 Performance tests ...............................................................................................................................29

C.3 Machines with a hydrostatic drive system .......................................................................................30

C.3.1 General requirements .........................................................................................................................30

C.3.2 Failure of the brakes ...........................................................................................................................31

C.3.3 Brake testing........................................................................................................................................32

C.3.4 Machine recovery ................................................................................................................................33

Annex D (informative) Equivalent requirements............................................................................................34

Annex E (informative) A-deviations...............................................................................................................35

Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................37

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EN 15573:2008 (E)
Figures

Figure 1.............................................................................................................................................................. 11

Figure 2 — Alignment of the width marker lamps.............................................................................................. 19

Figure 3 — Installation arrangement of panels.................................................................................................. 21

Figure 4 — Measuring positions ........................................................................................................................ 23

Figure A.1 — Speed marking ............................................................................................................................ 26

Figure B.1 — Crawler base ............................................................................................................................... 27

Figure B.2 — Track tread profiles...................................................................................................................... 28

Tables

Table 1 — Maximum mass ................................................................................................................................ 10

Table 2 — Maximum axle load .......................................................................................................................... 10

Table 3 — Maximum length............................................................................................................................... 11

Table 4 — Deviations from ISO 12509.............................................................................................................. 18

Table 5 — Alignment of width marker lamps..................................................................................................... 20

Table A.1 — Speed marking/classification ........................................................................................................ 26

Table C.1 — Performance requirements (informative)...................................................................................... 29

Table C.2 — Performance requirements........................................................................................................... 32

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EN 15573:2008 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 15573:2008) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151 “Construction

equipment and building material machines - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2008, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn

at the latest by November 2008.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This standard intends to harmonise the various technical requirements of the EEA applicable to earth-moving

machinery for their circulation on the road. Earth-moving machinery fulfilling the requirements of this standard

may be subject to certain administrative provisions before being permitted to travel on the road.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
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EN 15573:2008 (E)
Introduction
This European Standard is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered are

indicated in the scope of this standard.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the

provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for machines

that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard.

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
EN 15573:2008 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the requirements for earth-moving machinery described in EN ISO 6165 [2],

intended to travel on the road.

This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from

the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events during on road travel of earth-moving machinery.

This European Standard does not apply to earth-moving machinery with a width exceeding 3 metres (see

4.2.5).

This European Standard does not apply to earth-moving machinery on legs e.g. walking excavators.

This European Standard does not cover the hazards relevant to non-riding and remote control earth-moving

machinery.

This European Standard is not applicable to earth-moving machines manufactured before the publication date

of this European Standard by CEN.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 474 (all parts), Earth-moving machinery — Safety
EN 500 (all parts), Mobile road construction machinery — Safety

EN ISO 3450:1996, Earth-moving machinery — Braking systems of rubber-tyred machines — Systems and

performance requirements and test procedures (ISO 3450:1996)

EN ISO 3457, Earth-moving machinery — Guards — Definitions and requirements (ISO 3457:2003)

EN ISO 6683, Earth-moving machinery — Seat belts and seat belt anchorages – Performance requirements

and tests (ISO 6683:2005)

EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic

terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003)

ISO 1724:2003, Road vehicles — Connectors for the electrical connection of towing and towed vehicles —

7-pole connector type 12 N (normal) for vehicles with 12 V nominal supply voltage

ISO 5006:2006, Earth-moving machinery — Operator's field of view – Test method and performance criteria

ISO 5010, Earth-moving machinery — Rubber-tyred machines — Steering requirements

ISO 5676:1983, Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Hydraulic coupling — Braking circuit

ISO 6011, Earth-moving machinery — Visual display of machine operation
ISO 6014, Earth-moving machinery — Determination of ground speed
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EN 15573:2008 (E)

ISO 6016, Earth-moving machinery — Methods of measuring the masses of whole machines, their equipment

and components

ISO/FDIS 6395:2007, Earth-moving machinery — Determination of sound power level — Dynamic test

conditions

ISO 6489-3:2004, Agricultural vehicles — Mechanical connections between towed and towing vehicles —

Part 3: Tractor drawbar

ISO 6746-1, Earth-moving machinery — Definitions of dimensions and codes — Part 1: Base machine

ISO 6746-2, Earth-moving machinery — Definitions of dimensions and codes — Part 2: Equipment and

attachments

ISO 9533, Earth-moving machinery — Machine mounted forward and reverse audible warning alarm —

Sound test method
ISO 10261, Earth-moving machinery — Product identification numbering system

ISO 10263-5, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 5: Windscreen defrosting

system test method

ISO 10265, Earth-moving machinery — Crawler machines — Performance requirements and test procedures

for braking systems
ISO 10968, Earth-moving machinery — Operator's controls

ISO 12509:2004, Earth-moving machinery — Lighting, signalling and marking lights, and reflex-reflector

devices

ISO/DIS 14401-1:2007, Earth-moving machinery — Field of vision of surveillance and rear-view mirrors —

Part 1: Test methods

ISO/DIS 14401-2:2007, Earth-moving machinery — Field of vision of surveillance and rear-view mirrors —

Part 2: Performance criteria

ISO/DIS 15998:2005, Earth-moving machinery — Machine-control systems (MCS) using electronic

components — Performance criteria and tests for functional safety

ISO 21507, Earth-moving machinery — Performance requirements for non-metallic fuel tanks

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100-1:2003 apply.

Earth-moving machinery and their families are defined in EN ISO 6165 [2].

Definitions used in EN and ISO standards referred to in this European Standard are also valid for this

document.

Additional definitions specifically needed for this European Standard are added below.

3.1
intended operation

use in earth-moving operation e.g. excavation, loading, transportation, drilling, spreading, compacting or

trenching of earth, rock or other materials
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EN 15573:2008 (E)
3.2
road

public traffic area for use by motor vehicles for travel or transportation, with the exception of the sites of

temporary road works e.g. for repairs, maintenance, alterations, improvements, installations or any other

works to, above or under a road, including works to road equipment (lighting, barriers, walls…) and roads not

open to the public e.g. on new housing and industrial developments, to which public traffic is not permitted

3.3
travel on the road

use on the road for purposes other than intended operation i.e. travelling between sites of work, to and from

the site of normal storage, or travelling for refuelling of the machine
3.4
tracklaying
(tracked/crawler)
machine with endless track drive system
3.5
multiple wheel
(roller)

machine with more than two wheels on one or more of the axles, used primarily for compaction performance

(for road levelling)
4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures
4.1 General safety

Earth-moving machinery intended for travel on the road shall comply with the requirements and/or protective

measures of EN 474 or EN 500, so far as not modified by requirements of this European Standard.

NOTE Machinery is covered by directive 98/37/EC [29].
4.2 Dimensions and masses
4.2.1 General

Machines shall be designed in accordance with the requirements of 4.2.2 to 4.2.6, and equipped so that their

dimensions and mass minimise disruptions to the traffic on public roads.

Dimensions and masses of earth-moving machinery shall be determined in accordance with ISO 6016. Unless

specifically designed for the purpose of carrying loads during travel on the road i.e. dumpers, the mass of

earth-moving machinery does not include any load other than loose tools or appliances necessary for the

intended operation and carried on the machine during travel on the road.

Dimensional measurements of earth-moving machinery shall be in accordance with ISO 6746-1 and

ISO 6746-2.

Machines shall be assessed with equipment and attachments in the transport configuration as specified by the

manufacturer. See also Annex A of ISO 5006.
NOTE One or more A-deviations are relevant to this requirement. See Annex E.
Motor vehicles as defined in directive 70/156/EEC [11].
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EN 15573:2008 (E)
4.2.2 Maximum mass

The maximum mass of earth-moving machinery designed to travel on the road should not exceed the limits

defined in Table 1:
Table 1 — Maximum mass
Machine configuration Maximum mass
2-axle machines 19 000
3-axle machines 26 000
4-axle machines 32 000
Tracklaying machines 24 000
Multiple wheel machines 19 000

Subject to local conditions i.e. bridge capacities, the maximum mass of earth-moving machinery on certain

roads may be increased according to the following formula:
M ≤ 12 000 ×A
where
M is the maximum mass (kg)
A is the number of axles

NOTE 1 Earth-moving machinery with a maximum mass exceeding the limits shown in Table 1 may be considered as

abnormal transport and be subject to local use restrictions which are not dealt with in this European Standard.

NOTE 2 Load restrictions on roads may vary according to seasonal changes e.g. in very low or very high temperature

conditions.
4.2.3 Maximum axle load

The maximum axle loads of earth-moving machinery designed to travel on the road shall not exceed the limits

defined in Table 2.
Table 2 — Maximum axle load
Machine configuration Maximum axle load
Driven and non-driven axles 13 000 kg

Tracklaying machines 9 000 kg/m between first and last track roller (see also 4.4.2)

NOTE One or more A-deviations are relevant to this requirement. See Annex E.
4.2.4 Maximum length

The maximum length of earth-moving machinery designed to travel on the road shall not exceed the limits

defined in Table 3. The maximum length includes any mounted equipment or attachments located in the travel

position as specified by the manufacturer (see also Annex A of ISO 5006).
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EN 15573:2008 (E)
Table 3 — Maximum length
Machine configuration Maximum length
Rigid machines 12

Articulated machines The length of the machine must be such that it is able to manoeuvre in left

and right directions for a complete circular trajectory (360°) inside an area
defined by two concentric circles, the outer circle having a radius of 12,5 m
and the inner circle having a radius of 5,3 m, without any of the machine's
outermost points (excluding mirrors, indicators, tyre bulge, folding
components – lift-up steps and flexible mud-flaps) projecting outside the
circumferences of the circles (see Figure 1).

NOTE Earth-moving machinery with a maximum length exceeding the limits shown in Table 3 may be considered as

abnormal transport and be subject to local use restrictio
...

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