Electronic fee collection - System architecture for vehicle related tolling - Part 1: Reference model (ISO 17573-1:2019)

This document defines the architecture of toll system environments in which a customer with one contract may use a vehicle in a variety of toll domains and with a different Toll Charger for each domain.
Toll systems conforming to this document may be used for various purposes including road (network) tolling, area tolling, collecting toll for bridges, tunnels, ferries, for access, for parking. From a technical point of view the considered toll systems use electronic equipment on-board of a vehicle.
The actual collection of the toll, i.e. collecting payments, is outside of the scope of this document.
The architecture in this document is defined with no more details than those required for an overall overview, a common language, an identification of the need for and interactions among other standards, and the drafting of these standards.
This document as a whole provides:
• The enterprise view on the architecture, which is concerned with the purpose, scope and policies governing the activities of the specified system within the organization of which it is a part.
• Terms and definitions for common use in a toll environment
• A decomposition of the toll systems environment into its main enterprise objects
• The roles and responsibilities of the main actors
• Identification of the provided services by means of action diagrams that underline the needed standardised exchanges
• Identification of interoperability interfaces and related standards

Elektronische Gebührenerhebung - Systemarchitektur für fahrzeugrelevante Maut - Teil 1: Referenzmodell (ISO 17573-1:2019)

Perception du télépéage - Architecture de systèmes pour le péage lié aux véhicules (ISO 17573-1:2019)

Le présent document définit l'architecture d'environnements de systèmes de péage dans lesquels un client disposant d'un contrat peut utiliser un véhicule dans une grande variété de domaines de péage et avec un exploitant de péage différent pour chaque domaine.
Les systèmes de péages conformes au présent document peuvent servir à différents usages comprenant le péage routier (réseau), le péage par domaines, la perception des redevances pour l'emprunt de ponts, de tunnels, de bacs, pour l'accès ou pour le stationnement. D'un point de vue technique, les systèmes de péage utilisent un équipement électronique à bord d'un véhicule.
D'un point de vue processus, la description de l'architecture se concentre sur la détermination du péage, sur la facturation du péage et sur les mesures de contrôle-sanction associées. La perception effective du péage, c'est-à-dire la perception des paiements, ne fait pas partie du domaine d'application du présent document.
Dans le présent document, l'architecture est définie sans plus de détails que ce qui est nécessaire pour une vue d'ensemble générale, un langage commun, une identification du besoin d'autres normes et des interactions entre ces normes et l'élaboration de ces normes.
L'ensemble du présent document donne:
— Le point de vue d'entreprise de l'architecture concernée par l'objet, la portée et les politiques régissant les activités du système spécifié au sein de l'organisation dont il fait partie;
— Les termes et les définitions pour un usage commun dans un environnement de péage;
— Une décomposition de l'environnement des systèmes de péage selon ses principaux objets d'entreprise;
— Les rôles et responsabilités des principaux acteurs;
— L'identification des services offerts au moyen de diagrammes d'action qui soulignent les échanges normalisés nécessaires.
— L'identification des interfaces d'interopérabilité pour les systèmes de télépéage à spécifier dans des normes spécialisées.

Elektronsko pobiranje pristojbin - Sistemska arhitektura za cestninjenje vozil - 1. del: Referenčni model (ISO 17573-1:2019)

Ta dokument opredeljuje arhitekturo okolij za sisteme cestninjenja, v katerih lahko stranka z eno pogodbo uporablja vozilo v različnih območjih cestninjenja in z različnimi pobiralci cestnine v vsakem območju cestninjenja.
Sistemi cestninjenja, ki so skladni s tem dokumentom, se lahko uporabljajo za različne namene, vključno s cestninjenjem cest (omrežja), območnim cestninjenjem, pobiranjem uporabnine za mostove, predore ali trajekte, dostopom in parkirninami. Tehnično gledano obravnavani sistemi cestninjenja uporabljajo elektronsko opremo v vozilu.
Dejansko pobiranje cestnine, tj. pobiranje plačil, ne spada na področje uporabe tega dokumenta.
Arhitektura v tem dokumentu ni določena z več podrobnostmi, kot je potrebno za splošen pregled, skupen jezik, opredelitev potrebe za uporabo drugih standardov in interakcijo med njimi ter za pripravo osnutka teh standardov.
Celoten dokument določa:
• poslovni pogled na arhitekturo, ki obravnava namen, obseg in politike, ki urejajo dejavnosti navedenega sistema v organizaciji, katere del je;
• izraze in definicije za splošno uporabo v cestninskem okolju;
• razčlenitev okolja sistemov cestninjenja na njegove glavne poslovne cilje;
• vloge in odgovornosti glavnih akterjev,
• opredelitev nudenih storitev s pomočjo diagramov dejanja, ki poudarjajo potrebne standardizirane izmenjave;
• opredelitev interoperabilnih vmesnikov in povezanih standardov.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Oct-2018
Publication Date
09-Oct-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
03-Oct-2019
Due Date
08-Dec-2019
Completion Date
10-Oct-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
01-november-2019

Elektronsko pobiranje pristojbin - Sistemska arhitektura za cestninjenje vozil - 1.

del: Referenčni model (ISO 17573-1:2019)

Electronic fee collection - System architecture for vehicle related tolling - Part 1:

Reference model (ISO 17573-1:2019)

Elektronische Gebührenerhebung - Systemarchitektur für fahrzeugrelevante Maut - Teil

1: Referenzmodell (ISO 17573-1:2019)

Perception du télépéage - Architecture de systèmes pour le péage lié aux véhicules (ISO

17573-1:2019)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 17573-1:2019
ICS:
03.220.20 Cestni transport Road transport
35.240.60 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in transport
prometu
SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
EN ISO 17573-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 03.220.20; 35.240.60
English Version
Electronic fee collection - System architecture for vehicle-
related tolling - Part 1: Reference model (ISO 17573-
1:2019)

Perception électronique du télépéage - Architecture de Elektronische Gebührenerhebung - Systemarchitektur

systèmes pour le péage lié aux véhicules - Partie 1: für fahrzeugrelevante Maut - Teil 1: Referenzmodell

Modèle de référence (ISO 17573-1:2019) (ISO 17573-1:2019)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 7 July 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 17573-1:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
EN ISO 17573-1:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
EN ISO 17573-1:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 17573-1:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204

"Intelligent transport systems" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 278 “Intelligent

transport systems” the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 17573-1:2019 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 17573-1:2019 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 17573-1
First edition
2019-07
Electronic fee collection — System
architecture for vehicle-related
tolling —
Part 1:
Reference model
Perception électronique du télépéage — Architecture de systèmes
pour le péage lié aux véhicules —
Partie 1: Modèle de référence
Reference number
ISO 17573-1:2019(E)
ISO 2019
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
ISO 17573-1:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
ISO 17573-1:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms ........................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1 Symbols ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 The EFC community: roles and objectives .................................................................................................................................. 5

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Other ITS systems and services ................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.3 Sensors, vehicle system and common equipment .................................................................................................... 6

5.4 Infrastructure sourced data ......................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.5 Financial/Commercial systems ................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.6 Telecommunication systems ....................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.7 Jurisdiction/Authorities .................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.8 Standardisation bodies .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.9 Common service rights provider ............................................................................................................................................. 7

6 Roles internal to the EFC domain ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2 EFC domain roles .................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

6.3 Interoperability manager ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.3.1 Short description ............................................................................................................................................................. 8

6.3.2 Responsibilities ................................................................................................................................................................. 9

6.4 Toll service provider .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.4.1 Short description ............................................................................................................................................................. 9

6.4.2 Responsibilities ................................................................................................................................................................. 9

6.5 User of the service .............................................................................................................................................................................10

6.5.1 Short description ..........................................................................................................................................................10

6.5.2 Responsibilities ..............................................................................................................................................................10

6.6 Toll charger role ..................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.6.1 Short description ..........................................................................................................................................................11

6.6.2 Responsibilities ..............................................................................................................................................................11

6.7 EFC functional roles and responsibilities .....................................................................................................................12

7 Services .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................13

7.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................13

7.2 Sub-services involving toll charger, toll service provider and interoperability

manager roles .......................................................................................................................................................................................14

7.2.1 Adding or deleting a new toll charger ........................................................................................................14

7.2.2 Adding or deleting a new toll service provider ..................................................................................16

7.2.3 Adding or modifying a toll regime .................................................................................................................17

7.2.4 Defining rules ..................................................................................................................................................................18

7.2.5 Monitoring operations .............................................................................................................................................19

7.2.6 Handling disputes ........................................................................................................................................................20

7.3 Sub-services involving the toll service provider and user .............................................................................21

7.3.1 Providing EFC contract ............................................................................................................................................22

7.3.2 Providing customer care ........................................................................................................................................24

7.3.3 User billing .........................................................................................................................................................................25

7.4 Sub-services involving the toll charger and toll service provider ...........................................................26

7.4.1 Collecting transit information in short-range communication systems .......................26

7.4.2 Collecting charging information (autonomous systems) ..........................................................27

7.4.3 Collecting transit information (not OBE-based systems) ..........................................................28

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
ISO 17573-1:2019(E)

7.4.4 Providing payment information ......................................................................................................................28

7.4.5 Detecting Exceptions .................................................................................................................................................30

7.4.6 Trust objects exchange ............................................................................................................................................30

7.4.7 Handling exceptions...................................................................................................................................................31

7.4.8 Providing local information.................................................................................................................................32

Annex A (informative) Mapping EFC architecture to the C-ITS architecture ...........................................................34

Annex B (informative) Information schemata and basic information types ...........................................................37

Annex C (informative) Enterprise objects within roles..................................................................................................................43

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................48

iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
ISO 17573-1:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems.

This first edition of ISO 17573-1, cancels and replaces ISO 17573:2010, which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to ISO 17573:2010 are as follows:

— update of the normative references, terms and definitions and abbreviated terms clauses and the

Bibliography;

— relocation of previous Clause 8 (Information schemata and basic information types) to informative

Annex B;

— removal of Clauses 9 (interfaces and computational objects) and 10 (Points of observation and view

point correspondences), Annex A (Short Open Distributed Processing (ODP) description), Annex B

(Comparison with ISO/TS 17573:2003), Annex C (Relations with this International Standard and

IFMSA), Annex D (Relation with the European Electronic Tolls Service) and Annex E (Example of the

Japanese electronic toll system);

— addition of the new informative Annex A (Mapping of the EFC architecture onto the C-ITS

architecture) and Annex C (Enterprise objects within roles).
A list of all parts in the ISO 17573 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
ISO 17573-1:2019(E)
Introduction

The widespread use of tolling also requires provisions for users of vehicles that are roaming through

many different toll domains. Users should be offered a single contract for driving a vehicle through

various toll domains and those vehicles require on-board equipment (OBE) that is interoperable with

the toll systems in the various toll domains. In Europe, for example, this need has been recognised and

legislation on interoperability has been adopted (Directive 2004/52).

In addition to specialised standards there is also a need for a system architecture that:

— provides an architectural “umbrella” for other EFC standards in terms of a common definition of

terms and concepts, basic system functionalities, and structure;

— provides a common terminology which supports its users to improve the quality of specifications to

be used in an international market,

— to reduce the risk for conflicting interpretations of specifications (purchaser) and descriptions

(supplier),
— to simplify the communication between experts from different continents, and
— to enhance the potential use of other EFC standards;
— defines a common framework, which enables both:
— identification of potential activities subject to standardization, and
— maintaining a common and consistent view of the whole area;
— defines the boundaries between the EFC and external domains;
— identifies all architectural objects that lay inside the EFC boundaries;

— provides a basic understanding of EFC, EFC interoperability, and the EFC services being offered.

Toll systems conforming to this document may be used for various purposes including measured

distance toll, road segment toll, closed network toll, cordon toll, area toll, time-based toll and collecting

fees for the use of bridges, tunnels, ferries, or for parking.

ISO 17573:2010 was based on a conceptual model defined in ISO/TR 14904 (withdrawn standard). Since

then ideas on conceptual models have evolved in several regional projects and implementations, e.g. in

Japan and Europe. Those new models have been detailed to a further extent compared to ISO 17573:2010

and are closer to real life implementations. This document is based on these new conceptual models

and uses the associated terms and definitions.

Although there are many differences, collecting a toll for vehicles can, to some extent, be compared

with collecting a fare for public transport. Architectural harmonisation of the collection of fee and fare

may be desirable from a policy and from a user point of view. In the past, ISO 24014-1 prepared by

ISO TC 204 used ISO 17573:2010 as a starting point. This document has benefited from that and has

also taken ISO 24014-1 into account.

In this document, the Open Distributed Processing (ODP) standard is used for the description of the

architecture.

The ODP standard gives a vocabulary and modelling tools to see the architecture of a system from

different perspectives (the viewpoints), in order to cover, e.g. hardware components as well as network

protocols or interfaces or roles and general policies of the system itself. This is accomplished using

different sets of concepts and terminologies, each one of those expressed as a viewpoint language. A

complete description of a real system can only be achieved when all viewpoint models are designed.

This allows for a clear separation of concerns and an easier way to define a system.

vi © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
ISO 17573-1:2019(E)

In more recent years, the development of concepts and standards in the field of Cooperative ITS (C-ITS,

ISO TC 204 and CEN TC 278) led to the definition of a general enterprise viewpoint architecture for

C-ITS (ISO 17427-1) that, by following the same approach of using the ODP architecture to model a

complex system, defined concepts and terms for the more general realm of C-ITS.

This document gives a description of the architecture of the toll systems environment from the

enterprise viewpoint, by refining and extending what had been already done in ISO 17573:2010.

Correspondences between concepts and terms in this document and those in ISO 17427-1 are shown in

Annex A. In addition, this document gives in Annex B the foundations of the information viewpoint by

identifying information interactions and general information objects. With respect to ISO 17573:2010,

this document removes all security requirements on interfaces, which are better and more generally

dealt with in ISO 19299.

This document is Part 1 of a multipart standard that is made up of the following parts:

— ISO 17573-1, Electronic fee collection — System architecture for vehicle related tolling — Part 1:

Reference model (this document)

— ISO/TR 17573-2 , Electronic fee collection — System architecture for vehicle related tolling — Part 2:

Terminology
1) Under development. Current stage: 30.99
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved vii
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 17573-1:2019(E)
Electronic fee collection — System architecture for vehicle-
related tolling —
Part 1:
Reference model
1 Scope

This document defines the architecture of electronic fee collection (EFC) system environments, in

which a customer with one contract may use a vehicle in a variety of toll domains with a different toll

charger for each domain.

EFC systems conforming to this document can be used for various purposes including road (network)

tolling, area tolling, collecting fees for the usage of bridges, tunnels, ferries, for access or for parking.

From a technical point of view the considered toll systems may identify vehicles subject to tolling by

means of electronic equipment on-board in a vehicle or by other means (e.g. automatic number plate

recognition, ANPR).

From a process point of view the architectural description focuses on toll determination, toll charging,

and the associated enforcement measures. The actual collection of the toll, i.e. collecting payments, is

outside of the scope of this document.

The architecture in this document is defined with no more details than required for an overall overview,

a common language, an identification of the need for and interactions among other standards, and the

drafting of these standards.
This document as a whole provides:

— the enterprise view on the architecture, which is concerned with the purpose, scope and policies

governing the activities of the specified system within the organization of which it is a part;

— the terms and definitions for common use in an EFC environment;

— a decomposition of the EFC systems environment into its main enterprise objects;

— the roles and responsibilities of the main actors. This document does not impose that all roles

perform all indicated responsibilities. It should also be clear that the responsibilities of a role may

be shared between two or more actors. Mandating the performance of certain responsibilities is the

task of standards derived from this architecture;

— identification of the provided services by means of action diagrams that underline the needed

standardised exchanges;

— identification of the interoperability interfaces for EFC systems, in specialised standards (specified

or to be specified).
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 7498-1:1994, Information technology — Open Systems Interconnection — Basic Reference Model:

The Basic Model — Part 1
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 17573-1:2019
ISO 17573-1:2019(E)

ISO/IEC 10746-2, Information technology — Open distributed processing — Reference model:

Foundations — Part 2

ISO/IEC 10746-3, Information technology — Open distributed processing — Reference model:

Architecture — Part 3

ISO 14813-5, Transport information and control systems — Reference model architecture(s) for the TICS

sector — Part 5: Requirements for architecture description in TICS standard

ISO/IEC 15414, Information technology — Open distributed processing — Reference model — Enterprise

language
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 7498-1:1994,

ISO/IEC 10746-2, ISO/IEC 10746-3, ISO 14813-5 and ISO/IEC 15414, and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //w
...

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