Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM) - Carbon Intensity Management - Operational infrastructures - Implementation of Global KPIs - Part 3: ICT Sites - Sub-part 2: DCCM

DES/ATTM-0254

Dostop, terminali, prenos in multipleksiranje (ATTM) - Upravljanje intenzivnosti ogljika - Operativna infrastruktura - Uporaba globalnih ključnih kazalnikov uspešnosti (KPI) - 3. del: Strani ICT - 2. poddel: DCCM

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-May-2022
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
09-May-2022
Due Date
14-Jul-2022
Completion Date
10-May-2022

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ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04) - Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Carbon Intensity Management; Operational infrastructures; Implementation of Global KPIs; Part 3: ICT Sites; Sub-part 2: DCCM
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ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.0 (2022-02) - Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Carbon Intensity Management; Operational infrastructures; Implementation of Global KPIs; Part 3: ICT Sites; Sub-part 2: DCCM
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ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
ETSI STANDARD
Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM);
Carbon Intensity Management;
Operational infrastructures;
Implementation of Global KPIs;
Part 3: ICT Sites; Sub-part 2: DCCM
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
Reference
DES/ATTM-0254
Keywords
green-house gas emission
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - APE 7112B
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° w061004871
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

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Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

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If you find a security vulnerability in the present document, please report it through our

Coordinated Vulnerability Disclosure Program:
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Notice of disclaimer & limitation of liability

The information provided in the present deliverable is directed solely to professionals who have the appropriate degree of

experience to understand and interpret its content in accordance with generally accepted engineering or

other professional standard and applicable regulations.

No recommendation as to products and services or vendors is made or should be implied.

No representation or warranty is made that this deliverable is technically accurate or sufficient or conforms to any law

rule and/or regulation and further, no representation or warranty is made of merchantability or fitness

and/or governmental

for any particular purpose or against infringement of intellectual property rights.

In no event shall ETSI be held liable for loss of profits or any other incidental or consequential damages.

Any software contained in this deliverable is provided "AS IS" with no warranties, express or implied, including but not

limited to, the warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement of intellectual property

rights and ETSI shall not be held liable in any event for any damages whatsoever (including, without limitation, damages

for loss of profits, business interruption, loss of information, or any other pecuniary loss) arising out of or related to the use

of or inability to use the software.
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and

microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2022.
All rights reserved.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 5

Executive summary ............................................................................................................................................ 5

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 9

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 Definition of Key Performance Indicators ............................................................................................. 10

4.1 Objective KPIs for ICT sites operation ............................................................................................................ 10

4.1.1 Carbon Emission of an ICT Site (KPI ) .................................................................................................... 10

4.1.1.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.1.1.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1.1.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.1.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.1.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2 Carbon Emission Effectiveness (KPI ) ................................................................................................... 11

CEE

4.1.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.2.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.2.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3 Avoided Emission (KPI ).......................................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.1.3.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.1.3.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 13

4.1.4 Recycled Emission (KPI ) ....................................................................................................................... 13

REC

4.1.4.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 13

4.1.4.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.1.4.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 13

4.1.4.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 13

4.1.4.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 13

4.2 Definition of Global KPI KPI ................................................................................................................... 13

DCCM

4.2.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 13

4.2.2 Global KPI KPI for a single ICT site .................................................................................................. 14

DCCM

4.2.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 14

4.2.2.2 Definition of Energy Consumption Gauge (DC ) ................................................................................. 14

4.2.2.3 Formula for Carbon Management Performance (DC ) ..................................................................... 14

CMP

4.2.2.4 Definition of Carbon Management Performance class (DC ) ....................................................... 15

C.CLASS

4.2.3 Global KPI KPI for a group of ICT sites ............................................................................................. 15

DCCM

4.2.3.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.3.2 Formula for Group CO equivalent emission ........................................................................................ 15

4.2.3.3 Formula for Group CO equivalent emission performance Class ......................................................... 15

4.2.4 Scale ............................................................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.5 Evolution .................................................................................................................................................... 16

4.2.6 Measurement points and processes ............................................................................................................. 16

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)

Annex A (informative): Emission factors ............................................................................................. 17

A.1 Carbon emission factors of energy sources ............................................................................................ 17

A.2 National emission factors for consumed Electricity ............................................................................... 17

A.3 Emission factors for fuel combustion ..................................................................................................... 18

A.4 Emission factors for local renewable electricity production .................................................................. 19

Annex B (informative): Change History .............................................................................................. 20

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 21

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The declarations

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, are publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be

found in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to

ETSI in respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the

ETSI Web server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI Directives including the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation regarding the essentiality of IPRs,

including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not

referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web server) which are, or may be, or may become,

essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its

Members. 3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP

Organizational Partners. oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the

oneM2M Partners. GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

Foreword

This ETSI Standard (ES) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Access, Terminals, Transmission and

Multiplexing (ATTM).

The present document is part 3, sub-part 2 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in

part 1 [i.1].
Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

Executive summary

The present document proposes a series of KPIs to evaluate the operational impact on greenhouse gas emissions of ICT

infrastructures in operation. The present document only deals with carbon intensity related to work done as defined in

relevant standards ETSI EN 305 200-2-3 [2], ETSI EN 305 200-2-2 [1] and ETSI EN 305 200-3-1 [3]. It does not

consider greenhouse gas related to other LCA phases (e.g. construction, decommissioning) nor other LCA

considerations (e.g. raw materials, water) that will be dealt of in a future part of the series.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
Introduction

Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, a trend that will continue in the future, while broadband penetration is

introducing new active equipment to the network architecture. In this context, and to reflect other environmental aspects

of sustainability, it is vital that the main telecommunication operators implement effective general engineering of fixed

and mobile broadband networks and sites provisioning, managing or using those networks (i.e. ICT sites) in order to

respond to critical issues of greenhouse gas emissions while proposing essential solutions to broadband deployment. To

guide this process, it is essential that metrics are defined, termed Global Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), that enable

greenhouse gas usage to be managed more effectively.

The Global Key Performance Indicators specified in the ETSI EN 305 200 [i.2] series address operational

infrastructures and do not consider design or operation of individual components comprising those infrastructures.

ETSI EN 305 200 [i.2] series of standards comprises:

• ETSI EN 305 200-1 [i.1] a generic requirements document addressing Global KPIs for operational

infrastructures;

• a sub-series ETSI EN 305 200-2 that defines the Global KPIs, and drives energy management targets, for

specific operational networks and sites and which describes how the Global KPIs are to be applied (which may

be used to support future regulatory objectives):
- ETSI EN 305 200-2-1 [i.11]: ICT sites;
- ETSI EN 305 200-2-2 [1]: Fixed broadband access networks;
NOTE: Excluding cable access networks.
• ETSI EN 305 200-2-3 [2]: Mobile broadband access networks.

The standards do not define weightings of Objective KPIs or targets or limits for Global KPIs but may contain

information on values that have been used by certain organizations:

• a sub-series ETSI EN 305 200-3 including the present document that defines particular implementations of

Global KPIs within ICT sites based on the requirements of ETSI EN 305 200-2-1 [i.11], and which may define

levels of performance to simplify and provide clearer understanding of Global KPIs allowing the evaluation of

performance of energy and carbon use management in ICT sites:

- ETSI EN 305 200-3-1 [3]: Data processing and Communications Energy Management (DCEM);

- ETSI EN 305 200-3-2: the present document;

• a sub-series ETSI EN 305 200-4 including ETSI EN 305 200-4-4 [i.7] that defines design assessments of

Global KPIs, and drives energy management targets, for specific operational networks and sites and which

describes how the Global KPIs are to be applied (which may be used to support future regulatory objectives).

These standards may be considered to be a contribution to the application of ISO 14001 [i.8] in relation to the

development of policy for the continuous improvement of greenhouse gas management and will accelerate:

• the availability of operational infrastructure architectures and network implementations that reduce greenhouse

gas emissions;

• the definition and attainment objectives for other environmental aspects of sustainability for operational

broadband networks.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
1 Scope

The present document specifies the requirements for a Global KPI for carbon management in operation (KPI ) and

DCCM

their underpinning Objective KPIs addressing the following objectives for the ICT sites of broadband deployment:

• Greenhouse gas emissions
• Effectiveness of energy generation over greenhouse gas emissions
• Avoided greenhouse gas emission
• Reused greenhouse gas emission

The management of energy efficiency is outside the scope of the present document.

Within the present document:

• clause 4.1 describes the energy parameters for ICT sites together with inclusions/exclusions of different

energies contributions;

• clause 4.2 specifies the requirements for measurement, calculation, classification and reporting of KPI .

DCCM

The present document addresses CO equivalent emissions (CO eq) resulting from energy consumption by operational

2 2

equipment in ICT sites or groups of sites. It does not deal with other GHG gas emissions coming from cooling/heating

(including heat recovery systems equipment leakages such as described in the Directive F-Gas EU-517-2014 [i.6] and

emissions related to manufacturing, transportation and end of life.

The Global KPI alone is not designed for comparison of ICT sites or groups of sites. It does not define an ICT site as

good or bad unless combined with other parameters considered relevant for a comparison, such as local climatic

conditions, availability requirements or purpose of the ICT site.

The present document relies on energy measurement and task effectiveness principles defined in standards ETSI

EN 305 200-3-1 [3] for data centres, ETSI EN 305 200-2-2 [1] for fixed networks and ETSI EN 305 200-2-3 [2] for

mobile networks.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ETSI EN 305 200-2-2: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 2: Specific requirements; Sub-part 2:

Fixed broadband access networks".

[2] ETSI EN 305 200-2-3: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 2: Specific requirements; Sub-part 3:

Mobile broadband access networks".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)

[3] ETSI EN 305 200-3-1: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 3: ICT Sites; Sub-part 1: DCEM".

2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] ETSI EN 305 200-1: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 1: General requirements".

[i.2] ETSI EN 305 200 series: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs".

[i.3] ETSI ES 203 228: "Environmental Engineering (EE); Assessment of mobile network energy

efficiency".

[i.4] Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

[i.5] Guidebook EUR 24360 EN (2010): "How to Develop a Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP)".

NOTE: Available at https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC57789.

[i.6] Regulation (EU) No 517/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on

fluorinated greenhouse gases and repealing Regulation (EC) No 842/2006.

NOTE: Available at https://www.eea.europa.eu/policy-documents/regulation-eu-no-517-2014.

[i.7] ETSI EN 305 200-4-4: "Integrated broadband cable telecommunication networks (CABLE);

Energy management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 4: Design assessments; Sub-

part 4: Cable access networks".
[i.8] ISO 14001: "Environmental management systems".

[i.9] IPCC WG5 AR5 report annex: "Technology-specific Cost and Performance Parameters",

Schlömer S., T. Bruckner, L. Fulton, E. Hertwich, A. McKinnon, D. Perczyk, J. Roy, R. Schaeffer,

R. Sims, P. Smith, and R. Wiser, 2014: Annex III: "Technology-specific cost and performance

parameters". In Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working

Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,

Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I.

Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow, T.

Zwickel and J.C. Minx (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and

New York, NY, USA.
NOTE: Available at ipcc_wg3_ar5_annex-iii.pdf.

[i.10] "Emissions from Photovoltaic Life Cycles", Vasilis M. Fthenakis, Hyung Chul Kim and Erik

Alsema. PV Environmental Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York,

Center for Life Cycle Analysis, Columbia University, New York, and Copernicus Institute of

Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS Utrecht, The

Netherlands.
NOTE: Available at Emissions from Photovoltaic Life Cycles (acamedia.info).

[i.11] ETSI EN 305 200-2-1: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 2: Specific requirements;

Sub-part 1: ICT Sites".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms apply:

carbon emission factor: kilograms of equivalent carbon dioxide emitted per kWh (kg of CO eq/kWh)

carbon intensity: quantity of CO equivalent emission per unit of final energy consumption for an operational period

of time
energy consumption: total consumption of energy by an operational infrastructure

final energy consumption: energy consumption as seen by the consumer of a power source

NOTE: This consumption does not include losses resulting from transformation, storage and transportation of

primary energy, if any.

global KPI: compound KPI obtained by combination of objective KPIs in order to assess overall performance of

carbon management

ICT equipment: equipment providing data storage, data processing and data transport services

ICT site: site containing structures or group of structures dedicated to the accommodation, interconnection and

operation of ICT equipment together with all the facilities and infrastructures for power distribution and environmental

control together with the necessary levels of resilience and security required to provide the desired service availability

objective KPI: KPI assessing one of the objectives of operational carbon emission which is subsequently used to define

a Global KPI for Carbon management

operational infrastructure: combination of information technology equipment and/or network telecommunications

equipment together with the power supply and environmental control systems necessary to ensure provision of service,

including climatic conditions, security and safety installations

renewable energy: energy produced from dedicated generation systems using resources that are naturally replenished

NOTE: In addition, for the purpose of the present document, the energy required for production is not higher than

10 % of the produced energy.
ton: non-SI unit of mass equal to 1 000 kilograms
3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
CEF Carbon Emission Factor of source i
CEF Carbon Emission Factor reference for source i
REFi
CE Carbon Emission Requirements avoided by reusing ICT site waste heat
REC
DC Carbon emission Class part of KPI
C.CLASS DCCM
DC Carbon emission part of KPI
CE DCCM
DC Carbon Management Performance
CMP
DC Energy consumption gauge
EC Total Energy consumption of source i
EC Reference Carbon Emission of an ICT site
REF
KPI Objective KPI for "CO eq Avoided Emission"
AE 2
KPI Global KPI for DCCM
DCCM
KPI Objective KPI for "Energy Consumption"
KPI Objective KPI for "CO eq Emission"
CE 2
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
10 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
KPI Objective KPI for "Carbon Emission Effectiveness"
CEE
KPI Objective KPI for "CO eq RECycled emission"
REC 2
KPI Objective KPI for "Task Effectiveness"
W Weighting factor for Avoided Emissions
W Weighting factor for RECycled emissions
REC
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
CEF Carbon Emission Factor
COeq CO equivalent
2 2
DCCM Dataprocessing & Communications Carbon Management
DCEM Dataprocessing and Communications Energy Management
EC European Community
EU European Union
GHG GreenHouse Gas
GWP Global Warming Potential
ICT Information and Communication Technology
IPCC I
...

Final draft ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.0 (2022-02)
ETSI STANDARD
Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM);
Carbon Intensity Management;
Operational infrastructures;
Implementation of Global KPIs;
Part 3: ICT Sites; Sub-part 2: DCCM
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Final draft ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.0 (2022-02)
Reference
DES/ATTM-0254
Keywords
green-house gas emission
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - APE 7112B
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° w061004871
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx
Notice of disclaimer & limitation of liability

The information provided in the present deliverable is directed solely to professionals who have the appropriate degree of

experience to understand and interpret its content in accordance with generally accepted engineering or

other professional standard and applicable regulations.

No recommendation as to products and services or vendors is made or should be implied.

No representation or warranty is made that this deliverable is technically accurate or sufficient or conforms to any law

and/or governmental rule and/or regulation and further, no representation or warranty is made of merchantability or fitness

for any particular purpose or against infringement of intellectual property rights.

In no event shall ETSI be held liable for loss of profits or any other incidental or consequential damages.

Any software contained in this deliverable is provided "AS IS" with no warranties, express or implied, including but not

limited to, the warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement of intellectual property

rights and ETSI shall not be held liable in any event for any damages whatsoever (including, without limitation, damages

for loss of profits, business interruption, loss of information, or any other pecuniary loss) arising out of or related to the use

of or inability to use the software.
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and

microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2022.
All rights reserved.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 Final draft ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.0 (2022-02)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 5

Executive summary ............................................................................................................................................ 5

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 9

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 Definition of Key Performance Indicators ............................................................................................. 10

4.1 Objective KPIs for ICT sites operation ............................................................................................................ 10

4.1.1 Carbon Emission of an ICT Site (KPICE) .................................................................................................... 10

4.1.1.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.1.1.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1.1.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.1.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.1.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2 Carbon Emission Effectiveness (KPICEE) ................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.2.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.2.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3 Avoided Emission (KPIAE).......................................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.1.3.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.1.3.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 13

4.1.4 Recycled Emission (KPIREC) ....................................................................................................................... 13

4.1.4.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 13

4.1.4.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.1.4.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 13

4.1.4.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 13

4.1.4.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 13

4.2 Definition of Global KPI KPIDCCM ................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 13

4.2.2 Global KPI KPI for a single ICT site .................................................................................................. 14

DCCM

4.2.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 14

4.2.2.2 Definition of Energy Consumption Gauge (DC ) ................................................................................. 14

4.2.2.3 Formula for Carbon Management Performance (DC ) ..................................................................... 14

CMP

4.2.2.4 Definition of Carbon Management Performance class (DCC.CLASS) ....................................................... 15

4.2.3 Global KPI KPI for a group of ICT sites ............................................................................................. 15

DCCM

4.2.3.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.3.2 Formula for Group CO equivalent emission ........................................................................................ 15

4.2.3.3 Formula for Group CO equivalent emission performance Class ......................................................... 15

4.2.4 Scale ............................................................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.5 Evolution .................................................................................................................................................... 16

4.2.6 Measurement points and processes ............................................................................................................. 16

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 Final draft ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.0 (2022-02)

Annex A (informative): Emission factors ............................................................................................. 17

A.1 Carbon emission factors of energy sources ............................................................................................ 17

A.2 National emission factors for consumed Electricity ............................................................................... 17

A.3 Emission factors for fuel combustion ..................................................................................................... 18

A.4 Emission factors for local renewable electricity production .................................................................. 19

Annex B (informative): Change History .............................................................................................. 20

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 21

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 Final draft ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.0 (2022-02)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The declarations

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, are publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be

found in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to

ETSI in respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the

ETSI Web server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI Directives including the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation regarding the essentiality of IPRs,

including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not

referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web server) which are, or may be, or may become,

essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

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Organizational Partners. oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the

oneM2M Partners. GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

Foreword

This final draft ETSI Standard (ES) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Access, Terminals, Transmission

and Multiplexing (ATTM), and is now submitted for the ETSI standards Membership Approval Procedure.

The present document is part 3, sub-part 2 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in

part 1 [i.1].
Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

Executive summary

The present document proposes a series of KPIs to evaluate the operational impact on greenhouse gas emissions of ICT

infrastructures in operation. The present document only deals with carbon intensity related to work done as defined in

relevant standards ETSI EN 305 200-2-3 [2], ETSI EN 305 200-2-2 [1] and ETSI EN 305 200-3-1 [3]. It does not

consider greenhouse gas related to other LCA phases (e.g. construction, decommissioning) nor other LCA

considerations (e.g. raw materials, water) that will be dealt of in a future part of the series.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 Final draft ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.0 (2022-02)
Introduction

Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, a trend that will continue in the future, while broadband penetration is

introducing new active equipment to the network architecture. In this context, and to reflect other environmental aspects

of sustainability, it is vital that the main telecommunication operators implement effective general engineering of fixed

and mobile broadband networks and sites provisioning, managing or using those networks (i.e. ICT sites) in order to

respond to critical issues of greenhouse gas emissions while proposing essential solutions to broadband deployment. To

guide this process, it is essential that metrics are defined, termed Global Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), that enable

greenhouse gas usage to be managed more effectively.

The Global Key Performance Indicators specified in the ETSI EN 305 200 [i.2] series address operational

infrastructures and do not consider design or operation of individual components comprising those infrastructures.

ETSI EN 305 200 [i.2] series of standards comprises:

• ETSI EN 305 200-1 [i.1] a generic requirements document addressing Global KPIs for operational

infrastructures;

• a sub-series ETSI EN 305 200-2 that defines the Global KPIs, and drives energy management targets, for

specific operational networks and sites and which describes how the Global KPIs are to be applied (which may

be used to support future regulatory objectives):
- ETSI EN 305 200-2-1 [i.11]: ICT sites;
- ETSI EN 305 200-2-2 [1]: Fixed broadband access networks;
NOTE: Excluding cable access networks.
• ETSI EN 305 200-2-3 [2]: Mobile broadband access networks.

The standards do not define weightings of Objective KPIs or targets or limits for Global KPIs but may contain

information on values that have been used by certain organizations:

• a sub-series ETSI EN 305 200-3 including the present document that defines particular implementations of

Global KPIs within ICT sites based on the requirements of ETSI EN 305 200-2-1 [i.11], and which may define

levels of performance to simplify and provide clearer understanding of Global KPIs allowing the evaluation of

performance of energy and carbon use management in ICT sites:

- ETSI EN 305 200-3-1 [3]: Data processing and Communications Energy Management (DCEM).

- ETSI EN 305 200-3-2: the present document.

• a sub-series ETSI EN 305 200-4 including ETSI EN 305 200-4-4 [i.7] that defines design assessments of

Global KPIs, and drives energy management targets, for specific operational networks and sites and which

describes how the Global KPIs are to be applied (which may be used to support future regulatory objectives).

These standards may be considered to be a contribution to the application of ISO 14001 [i.8] in relation to the

development of policy for the continuous improvement of greenhouse gas management and will accelerate:

• the availability of operational infrastructure architectures and network implementations that reduce greenhouse

gas emissions;

• the definition and attainment objectives for other environmental aspects of sustainability for operational

broadband networks.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 Final draft ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.0 (2022-02)
1 Scope

The present document specifies the requirements for a Global KPI for carbon management in operation (KPI ) and

DCCM

their underpinning Objective KPIs addressing the following objectives for the ICT sites of broadband deployment:

• Greenhouse gas emissions
• Effectiveness of energy generation over greenhouse gas emissions
• Avoided greenhouse gas emission
• Reused greenhouse gas emission

The management of energy efficiency is outside the scope of the present document.

Within the present document:

• clause 4.1 describes the energy parameters for ICT sites together with inclusions/exclusions of different

energies contributions;

• clause 4.2 specifies the requirements for measurement, calculation, classification and reporting of KPI .

DCCM

The present document addresses CO equivalent emissions (CO eq) resulting from energy consumption by operational

2 2

equipment in ICT sites or groups of sites. It does not deal with other GHG gas emissions coming from cooling/heating

(including heat recovery systems equipment leakages such as described in the Directive F-Gas EU-517-2014 [i.6] and

emissions related to manufacturing, transportation and end of life.

The Global KPI alone is not designed for comparison of ICT sites or groups of sites. It does not define an ICT site as

good or bad unless combined with other parameters considered relevant for a comparison, such as local climatic

conditions, availability requirements or purpose of the ICT site.

The present document relies on energy measurement and task effectiveness principles defined in standards ETSI

EN 305 200-3-1 [3] for data centres, ETSI EN 305 200-2-2 [1] for fixed networks and ETSI EN 305 200-2-3 [2] for

mobile networks.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ETSI EN 305 200-2-2: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 2: Specific requirements; Sub-part 2:

Fixed broadband access networks".

[2] ETSI EN 305 200-2-3: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 2: Specific requirements; Sub-part 3:

Mobile broadband access networks".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 Final draft ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.0 (2022-02)

[3] ETSI EN 305 200-3-1: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 3: ICT Sites; Sub-part 1: DCEM".

2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] ETSI EN 305 200-1: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 1: General requirements".

[i.2] ETSI EN 305 200 series: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs".

[i.3] ETSI ES 203 228: "Environmental Engineering (EE); Assessment of mobile network energy

efficiency".

[i.4] Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

[i.5] Guidebook EUR 24360 EN (2010): "How to Develop a Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP)".

NOTE: Available at https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC57789.

[i.6] Regulation (EU) No 517/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on

fluorinated greenhouse gases and repealing Regulation (EC) No 842/2006.

NOTE: Available at https://www.eea.europa.eu/policy-documents/regulation-eu-no-517-2014.

[i.7] ETSI EN 305 200-4-4: "Integrated broadband cable telecommunication networks (CABLE);

Energy management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 4: Design assessments; Sub-

part 4: Cable access networks".
[i.8] ISO 14001: "Environmental management systems".

[i.9] IPCC WG5 AR5 report annex: "Technology-specific Cost and Performance Parameters",

Schlömer S., T. Bruckner, L. Fulton, E. Hertwich, A. McKinnon, D. Perczyk, J. Roy, R. Schaeffer,

R. Sims, P. Smith, and R. Wiser, 2014: Annex III: "Technology-specific cost and performance

parameters". In Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working

Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,

Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I.

Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow, T.

Zwickel and J.C. Minx (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New

York, NY, USA.
NOTE: Available at ipcc_wg3_ar5_annex-iii.pdf.

[i.10] "Emissions from Photovoltaic Life Cycles", Vasilis M. Fthenakis, Hyung Chul Kim and Erik

Alsema. PV Environmental Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York,

Center for Life Cycle Analysis, Columbia University, New York, and Copernicus Institute of

Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS Utrecht, The

Netherlands.
NOTE: Available at Emissions from Photovoltaic Life Cycles (acamedia.info).

[i.11] ETSI EN 305 200-2-1: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 2: Specific requirements;

Sub-part 1: ICT Sites".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 Final draft ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.0 (2022-02)
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms apply:

carbon emission factor: kilograms of equivalent carbon dioxide emitted per kWh (kg of CO eq/kWh)

carbon intensity: quantity of CO equivalent emission per unit of final energy consumption for an operational period

of time
energy consumption: total consumption of energy by an operational infrastructure

final energy consumption: energy consumption as seen by the consumer of a power source

NOTE: This consumption does not include losses resulting from transformation, storage and transportation of

primary energy, if any.

global KPI: compound KPI obtained by combination of objective KPIs in order to assess overall performance of

carbon management

ICT equipment: equipment providing data storage, data processing and data transport services

ICT site: site containing structures or group of structures dedicated to the accommodation, interconnection and

operation of ICT equipment together with all the facilities and infrastructures for power distribution and environmental

control together with the necessary levels of resilience and security required to provide the desired service availability

objective KPI: KPI assessing one of the objectives of operational carbon emission which is subsequently used to define

a Global KPI for Carbon management

operational infrastructure: combination of information technology equipment and/or network telecommunications

equipment together with the power supply and environmental control systems necessary to ensure provision of service,

including climatic conditions, security and safety installations

renewable energy: energy produced from dedicated generation systems using resources that are naturally replenished

NOTE: In addition, for the purpose of the present document, the energy required for production is not higher than

10 % of the produced energy.
ton: non-SI unit of mass equal to 1 000 kilograms
3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
CEF Carbon Emission Factor of source i
CEF Carbon Emission Factor reference for source i
REFi
CE Carbon Emission Requirements avoided by reusing ICT site waste heat
REC
DC Carbon emission Class part of KPI
C.CLASS DCCM
DC Carbon emission part of KPI
CE DCCM
DC Carbon Management Performance
CMP
DC Energy consumption gauge
EC Total Energy consumption of source i
EC Reference Carbon Emission of an ICT site
REF
KPI Objective KPI for "CO eq Avoided Emission"
AE 2
KPI Global KPI for DCCM
DCCM
KPI Objective KPI for "Energy Consumption"
KPI Objective KPI for "CO eq Emission"
CE 2
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
10 Final draft ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.0 (2022-02)
KPI Objective KPI for "Carbon Emission Effectiveness"
CEE
Objective KPI for "CO eq RECycled emission"
KPI
REC 2
KPI Objective KPI for "Task Effectiveness"
W Weighting factor for Avoided Emissions
W Weighting factor for RECycled emissions
REC
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
CEF Carbon Emission Factor
COeq CO equivalent
2 2
DCCM Dataprocessing & Communications Carbon Management
DCEM Dataprocessing and Communications Energy Management
EC European Community
EU European Union
GHG GreenHouse Gas
GWP Global Warming Potential
ICT Information and Communication Technology
IPCC Intergovernmental Pane
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1:2022
01-julij-2022
Dostop, terminali, prenos in multipleksiranje (ATTM) - Upravljanje intenzivnosti
ogljika - Operativna infrastruktura - Uporaba globalnih ključnih kazalnikov
uspešnosti (KPI) - 3. del: Strani ICT - 2. poddel: DCCM
Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM) - Carbon Intensity

Management - Operational infrastructures - Implementation of Global KPIs - Part 3: ICT

Sites - Sub-part 2: DCCM
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
ICS:
33.060.40 Kabelski razdelilni sistemi Cabled distribution systems
SIST ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1:2022 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1:2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1:2022
ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
ETSI STANDARD
Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM);
Carbon Intensity Management;
Operational infrastructures;
Implementation of Global KPIs;
Part 3: ICT Sites; Sub-part 2: DCCM
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1:2022
2 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
Reference
DES/ATTM-0254
Keywords
green-house gas emission
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ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1:2022
3 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 5

Executive summary ............................................................................................................................................ 5

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 9

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 Definition of Key Performance Indicators ............................................................................................. 10

4.1 Objective KPIs for ICT sites operation ............................................................................................................ 10

4.1.1 Carbon Emission of an ICT Site (KPI ) .................................................................................................... 10

4.1.1.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.1.1.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1.1.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.1.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.1.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2 Carbon Emission Effectiveness (KPI ) ................................................................................................... 11

CEE

4.1.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.2.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.2.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3 Avoided Emission (KPI ).......................................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.1.3.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.1.3.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 13

4.1.4 Recycled Emission (KPI ) ....................................................................................................................... 13

REC

4.1.4.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 13

4.1.4.2 Scale ...................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.1.4.3 Evolution ............................................................................................................................................... 13

4.1.4.4 Formula ................................................................................................................................................. 13

4.1.4.5 Measurement points and processes ....................................................................................................... 13

4.2 Definition of Global KPI KPI ................................................................................................................... 13

DCCM

4.2.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 13

4.2.2 Global KPI KPI for a single ICT site .................................................................................................. 14

DCCM

4.2.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 14

4.2.2.2 Definition of Energy Consumption Gauge (DC ) ................................................................................. 14

4.2.2.3 Formula for Carbon Management Performance (DC ) ..................................................................... 14

CMP

4.2.2.4 Definition of Carbon Management Performance class (DC ) ....................................................... 15

C.CLASS

4.2.3 Global KPI KPI for a group of ICT sites ............................................................................................. 15

DCCM

4.2.3.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.3.2 Formula for Group CO equivalent emission ........................................................................................ 15

4.2.3.3 Formula for Group CO equivalent emission performance Class ......................................................... 15

4.2.4 Scale ............................................................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.5 Evolution .................................................................................................................................................... 16

4.2.6 Measurement points and processes ............................................................................................................. 16

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1:2022
4 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)

Annex A (informative): Emission factors ............................................................................................. 17

A.1 Carbon emission factors of energy sources ............................................................................................ 17

A.2 National emission factors for consumed Electricity ............................................................................... 17

A.3 Emission factors for fuel combustion ..................................................................................................... 18

A.4 Emission factors for local renewable electricity production .................................................................. 19

Annex B (informative): Change History .............................................................................................. 20

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 21

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1:2022
5 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The declarations

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, are publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be

found in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to

ETSI in respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the

ETSI Web server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI Directives including the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation regarding the essentiality of IPRs,

including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not

referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web server) which are, or may be, or may become,

essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its

Members. 3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP

Organizational Partners. oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the

oneM2M Partners. GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

Foreword

This ETSI Standard (ES) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Access, Terminals, Transmission and

Multiplexing (ATTM).

The present document is part 3, sub-part 2 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in

part 1 [i.1].
Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

Executive summary

The present document proposes a series of KPIs to evaluate the operational impact on greenhouse gas emissions of ICT

infrastructures in operation. The present document only deals with carbon intensity related to work done as defined in

relevant standards ETSI EN 305 200-2-3 [2], ETSI EN 305 200-2-2 [1] and ETSI EN 305 200-3-1 [3]. It does not

consider greenhouse gas related to other LCA phases (e.g. construction, decommissioning) nor other LCA

considerations (e.g. raw materials, water) that will be dealt of in a future part of the series.

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6 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
Introduction

Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, a trend that will continue in the future, while broadband penetration is

introducing new active equipment to the network architecture. In this context, and to reflect other environmental aspects

of sustainability, it is vital that the main telecommunication operators implement effective general engineering of fixed

and mobile broadband networks and sites provisioning, managing or using those networks (i.e. ICT sites) in order to

respond to critical issues of greenhouse gas emissions while proposing essential solutions to broadband deployment. To

guide this process, it is essential that metrics are defined, termed Global Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), that enable

greenhouse gas usage to be managed more effectively.

The Global Key Performance Indicators specified in the ETSI EN 305 200 [i.2] series address operational

infrastructures and do not consider design or operation of individual components comprising those infrastructures.

ETSI EN 305 200 [i.2] series of standards comprises:

• ETSI EN 305 200-1 [i.1] a generic requirements document addressing Global KPIs for operational

infrastructures;

• a sub-series ETSI EN 305 200-2 that defines the Global KPIs, and drives energy management targets, for

specific operational networks and sites and which describes how the Global KPIs are to be applied (which may

be used to support future regulatory objectives):
- ETSI EN 305 200-2-1 [i.11]: ICT sites;
- ETSI EN 305 200-2-2 [1]: Fixed broadband access networks;
NOTE: Excluding cable access networks.
• ETSI EN 305 200-2-3 [2]: Mobile broadband access networks.

The standards do not define weightings of Objective KPIs or targets or limits for Global KPIs but may contain

information on values that have been used by certain organizations:

• a sub-series ETSI EN 305 200-3 including the present document that defines particular implementations of

Global KPIs within ICT sites based on the requirements of ETSI EN 305 200-2-1 [i.11], and which may define

levels of performance to simplify and provide clearer understanding of Global KPIs allowing the evaluation of

performance of energy and carbon use management in ICT sites:

- ETSI EN 305 200-3-1 [3]: Data processing and Communications Energy Management (DCEM);

- ETSI EN 305 200-3-2: the present document;

• a sub-series ETSI EN 305 200-4 including ETSI EN 305 200-4-4 [i.7] that defines design assessments of

Global KPIs, and drives energy management targets, for specific operational networks and sites and which

describes how the Global KPIs are to be applied (which may be used to support future regulatory objectives).

These standards may be considered to be a contribution to the application of ISO 14001 [i.8] in relation to the

development of policy for the continuous improvement of greenhouse gas management and will accelerate:

• the availability of operational infrastructure architectures and network implementations that reduce greenhouse

gas emissions;

• the definition and attainment objectives for other environmental aspects of sustainability for operational

broadband networks.
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7 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)
1 Scope

The present document specifies the requirements for a Global KPI for carbon management in operation (KPI ) and

DCCM

their underpinning Objective KPIs addressing the following objectives for the ICT sites of broadband deployment:

• Greenhouse gas emissions
• Effectiveness of energy generation over greenhouse gas emissions
• Avoided greenhouse gas emission
• Reused greenhouse gas emission

The management of energy efficiency is outside the scope of the present document.

Within the present document:

• clause 4.1 describes the energy parameters for ICT sites together with inclusions/exclusions of different

energies contributions;

• clause 4.2 specifies the requirements for measurement, calculation, classification and reporting of KPI .

DCCM

The present document addresses CO equivalent emissions (CO eq) resulting from energy consumption by operational

2 2

equipment in ICT sites or groups of sites. It does not deal with other GHG gas emissions coming from cooling/heating

(including heat recovery systems equipment leakages such as described in the Directive F-Gas EU-517-2014 [i.6] and

emissions related to manufacturing, transportation and end of life.

The Global KPI alone is not designed for comparison of ICT sites or groups of sites. It does not define an ICT site as

good or bad unless combined with other parameters considered relevant for a comparison, such as local climatic

conditions, availability requirements or purpose of the ICT site.

The present document relies on energy measurement and task effectiveness principles defined in standards ETSI

EN 305 200-3-1 [3] for data centres, ETSI EN 305 200-2-2 [1] for fixed networks and ETSI EN 305 200-2-3 [2] for

mobile networks.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ETSI EN 305 200-2-2: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 2: Specific requirements; Sub-part 2:

Fixed broadband access networks".

[2] ETSI EN 305 200-2-3: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 2: Specific requirements; Sub-part 3:

Mobile broadband access networks".
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8 ETSI ES 205 200-3-2 V1.1.1 (2022-04)

[3] ETSI EN 305 200-3-1: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 3: ICT Sites; Sub-part 1: DCEM".

2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] ETSI EN 305 200-1: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 1: General requirements".

[i.2] ETSI EN 305 200 series: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs".

[i.3] ETSI ES 203 228: "Environmental Engineering (EE); Assessment of mobile network energy

efficiency".

[i.4] Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

[i.5] Guidebook EUR 24360 EN (2010): "How to Develop a Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP)".

NOTE: Available at https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC57789.

[i.6] Regulation (EU) No 517/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on

fluorinated greenhouse gases and repealing Regulation (EC) No 842/2006.

NOTE: Available at https://www.eea.europa.eu/policy-documents/regulation-eu-no-517-2014.

[i.7] ETSI EN 305 200-4-4: "Integrated broadband cable telecommunication networks (CABLE);

Energy management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 4: Design assessments; Sub-

part 4: Cable access networks".
[i.8] ISO 14001: "Environmental management systems".

[i.9] IPCC WG5 AR5 report annex: "Technology-specific Cost and Performance Parameters",

Schlömer S., T. Bruckner, L. Fulton, E. Hertwich, A. McKinnon, D. Perczyk, J. Roy, R. Schaeffer,

R. Sims, P. Smith, and R. Wiser, 2014: Annex III: "Technology-specific cost and performance

parameters". In Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working

Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,

Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I.

Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow, T.

Zwickel and J.C. Minx (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and

New York, NY, USA.
NOTE: Available at ipcc_wg3_ar5_annex-iii.pdf.

[i.10] "Emissions from Photovoltaic Life Cycles", Vasilis M. Fthenakis, Hyung Chul Kim and Erik

Alsema. PV Environmental Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York,

Center for Life Cycle Analysis, Columbia University, New York, and Copernicus Institute of

Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS Utrecht, The

Netherlands.
NOTE: Available at Emissions from Photovoltaic Life Cycles (acamedia.info).

[i.11] ETSI EN 305 200-2-1: "Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM); Energy

management; Operational infrastructures; Global KPIs; Part 2: Specific requirements;

Sub-part 1: ICT Sites".
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3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms apply:

carbon emission factor: kilograms of equivalent carbon dioxide emitted per kWh (kg of CO eq/kWh)

carbon intensity: quantity of CO equivalent emission per unit of final energy consumption for an operational period

of time
energy consumption: total consumption of energy by an operational infrastructure

final energy consumption: energy consumption as seen by the consumer of a power source

NOTE: This consumption does not include losses resulting from transformation, storage and transportation of

primary energy, if any.

global KPI: compound KPI obtained by combination of objective KPIs in order to assess overall performance of

carbon management

ICT equipment: equipment providing data storage, data processing and data transport services

ICT site: site containing structures or group of structures dedicated to the accommodation, interconnection and

operation of ICT equipment together with all the facilities and infrastructures for power distribution and environmental

control together with the necessary levels of resilience and security required to provide the desired service availability

objective KPI: KPI assessing one of the objectives of operational carbon emission which is subsequently used to define

a Global KPI for Carbon management

operational infrastructure: combination of information technology equipment and/or network telecommunications

equipment together with the power supply and environmental control systems necessary to ensure provision of service,

including climatic conditions, security and safety installations

renewable energy: energy produced from dedicated generation systems using resources that are naturally replenished

NOTE: In addition, for the purpose of the present document, the energy required for production is not higher than

10 % of the produced energy.
ton: non-SI unit of mass equal to 1 000 kilograms
3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
CEF Carbon Emission Factor of source i
CEF Carbon Emission Factor reference for source i
REFi
CE Carbon Emission Requirements avoided by reus
...

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