Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment - Part 1: Generic specification (IEC 60384-1:2021)

This part of IEC 60384 is a generic specification and is applicable to fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment.
It establishes standard terms, inspection procedures and methods of test for use in sectional and detail specifications of electronic components for quality assessment or any other purpose.

Festkondensatoren zur Verwendung in Geräten der Elektronik - Teil 1: Fachgrundspezifikation (IEC 60384-1:2021)

Condensateurs fixes utilisés dans les équipements électroniques - Partie 1: Spécification générique (IEC 60384-1:2021)

L’IEC 60384:2021 est une spécification générique qui s’applique aux condensateurs fixes utilisés dans les équipements électroniques. Elle établit des définitions, des procédures de contrôle et des méthodes d’essai normalisées à utiliser dans les spécifications intermédiaires et particulières des composants électroniques, pour les systèmes d’assurance de la qualité ou pour tout autre usage. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l’édition précédente: a) le document a été entièrement restructuré pour se conformer aux Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 2; une nouvelle catégorisation des méthodes d’essai a été introduite et les méthodes d’essai ont été réorganisées selon ces nouvelles catégories; les tableaux, figures et références ont été révisés en conséquence; b) l’Annexe X a été ajoutée à des fins de comparaison avec l’édition précédente.

Nespremenljivi kondenzatorji za elektronsko opremo - 1. del: Splošna specifikacija (IEC 60384-1:2021)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Sep-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
03-Sep-2021
Due Date
08-Nov-2021
Completion Date
08-Sep-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
01-november-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 60384-1:2016

Nespremenljivi kondenzatorji za elektronsko opremo - 1. del: Splošna specifikacija

(IEC 60384-1:2021)

Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment - Part 1: Generic specification (IEC

60384-1:2021)
Festkondensatoren zur Verwendung in Geräten der Elektronik - Teil 1:
Fachgrundspezifikation (IEC 60384-1:2021)

Condensateurs fixes utilisés dans les équipements électroniques - Partie 1: Spécification

générique (IEC 60384-1:2021)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 60384-1:2021
ICS:
31.060.10 Fiksni kondenzatorji Fixed capacitors
SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
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SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 60384-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
August 2021
ICS 31.060.10 Supersedes EN 60384-1:2016 and all of its amendments
and corrigenda (if any)
English Version
Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment - Part 1:
Generic specification
(IEC 60384-1:2021)

Condensateurs fixes utilisés dans les équipements Festkondensatoren zur Verwendung in Geräten der

électroniques - Partie 1: Spécification générique Elektronik - Teil 1: Fachgrundspezifikation

(IEC 60384-1:2021) (IEC 60384-1:2021)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2021-08-20. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 60384-1:2021 E
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SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
EN IEC 60384-1:2021 (E)
European foreword

The text of document 40/2848/FDIS, future edition 6 of IEC 60384-1, prepared by IEC/TC 40

“Capacitors and resistors for electronic equipment” was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote

and approved by CENELEC as EN IEC 60384-1:2021.
The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national (dop) 2022–05–20

level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2024–08–20

document have to be withdrawn

This document supersedes EN 60384-1:2016 and all of its amendments and corrigenda (if any).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national committee. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CENELEC website.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 60384-1:2021 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
IEC 60027 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN 60027 (series)
IEC 60384-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 60384-2
IEC 60384-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60384-3
IEC 60384-3-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60384-3-1
IEC 60384-26 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 60384-26
IEC 60469:2013 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60469:2013 (not modified)
ISO 80000-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 80000-1
ISO 9000 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 9000
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SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
EN IEC 60384-1:2021 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the

relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available

here: www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60062 - Marking codes for resistors and capacitors EN 60062 -
IEC 60063 - Preferred number series for resistors and EN 60063 -
capacitors
IEC 60068-1 2013 Environmental testing - Part 1: General EN 60068-1 2014
and guidance
IEC 60068-2-1 - Environmental testing - Part 2–1: Tests - EN 60068-2-1 -
Test A: Cold
IEC 60068-2-2 2007 Environmental testing - Part 2–2: Tests - EN 60068-2-2 2007
Test B: Dry heat
IEC 60068-2-6 - Environmental testing - Part 2–6: Tests - EN 60068-2-6 -
Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal)
IEC 60068-2-13 - Environmental testing - Part 2–13: Tests - EN IEC 60068-2-13 -
Test M: Low air pressure
IEC 60068-2-14 - Environmental testing - Part 2–14: Tests - EN 60068-2-14 -
Test N: Change of temperature
IEC 60068-2-17 - Basic environmental testing procedures - EN 60068-2-17 -
Part 2–17: Tests - Test Q: Sealing
IEC 60068-2-20 - Environmental testing - Part 2–20: Tests - EN IEC 60068-2-20 -
Test Ta and Tb: Test methods for
solderability and resistance to soldering
heat of devices with leads
IEC 60068-2-21 - Environmental testing - Part 2–21: Tests - - -
Test U: Robustness of terminations and
integral mounting devices
IEC 60068-2-27 - Environmental testing - Part 2–27: Tests - EN 60068-2-27 -
Test Ea and guidance: Shock
IEC 60068-2-30 - Environmental testing - Part 2–30: Tests - EN 60068-2-30 -
Test Db: Damp heat, cyclic (12 h + 12 h
cycle)
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SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
EN IEC 60384-1:2021 (E)
IEC 60068-2-45 1980 Basic environmental testing procedures - EN 60068-2-45 1992
Part 2–45: Tests - Test XA and guidance:
Immersion in cleaning solvents
+ A1 1993 + A1 1993
IEC 60068-2-58 - Environmental testing - Part 2–58: Tests - EN 60068-2-58 -
Test Td: Test methods for solderability,
resistance to dissolution of metallization
and to soldering heat of surface mounting
devices (SMD)
IEC 60068-2-67 - Environmental testing - Part 2–67: Tests - EN 60068-2-67 -
Test Cy: Damp heat, steady-state,
accelerated test primarily intended for
components
IEC 60068-2-69 - Environmental testing - Part 2–69: Tests - EN 60068-2-69 -
Test Te/Tc: Solderability testing of
electronic components and printed boards
by the wetting balance (force
measurement) method
IEC 60068-2-78 - Environmental testing - Part 2–78: Tests - EN 60068-2-78 -
Test Cab: Damp heat, steady-state

IEC 60068-2-82 2019 Environmental testing - Part 2–82: Tests - EN IEC 60068-2-82 2019

Test Xw1: Whisker test methods for
components and parts used in electronic
assemblies
IEC 60294 - Measurement of the dimensions of a EN 60294 -
cylindrical component with axial
terminations
IEC 60695-11-5 - Fire hazard testing - Part 11–5: Test EN 60695-11-5 -
flames - Needle-flame test method -
Apparatus, confirmatory test arrangement
and guidance
IEC 60717 - Method for the determination of the space EN 60717 -
required by capacitors and resistors with
unidirectional terminations
IEC 61193-2 - Quality assessment systems - Part 2: EN 61193-2 -
Selection and use of sampling plans for
inspection of electronic components and
packages
IEC 61249-2-7 - Materials for printed boards and other EN 61249-2-7 -
interconnecting structures - Part 2–7:
Reinforced base materials clad and unclad
- Epoxide woven E-glass laminated sheet
of defined flammability (vertical burning
test), copper-clad
ISO 3 - Preferred numbers - Series of preferred - -
numbers
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SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
IEC 60384-1
Edition 6.0 2021-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment –
Part 1: Generic specification
Condensateurs fixes utilisés dans les équipements électroniques –
Partie 1: Spécification générique
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 31.060.10 ISBN 978-2-8322-9973-9

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
– 2 – IEC 60384-1:2021 © IEC 2021
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 9

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 10

4 General requirements .................................................................................................... 15

4.1 Symbols, units and abbreviated terms ................................................................... 15

4.2 Preferred values and additional technical requirements ........................................ 17

4.3 Marking ................................................................................................................. 19

5 General provisions for tests and measurement procedures ............................................ 19

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 19

5.2 Standard atmospheric conditions .......................................................................... 20

5.3 Drying ................................................................................................................... 21

5.4 Storage ................................................................................................................. 21

5.5 Mounting (for surface mount capacitors only) ........................................................ 22

6 Electrical tests and measurements ................................................................................ 25

6.1 Insulation resistance ............................................................................................. 25

6.2 Voltage proof ........................................................................................................ 28

6.3 Capacitance .......................................................................................................... 32

6.4 Tangent of loss angle and equivalent series resistance (ESR) .............................. 32

6.5 Leakage current .................................................................................................... 33

6.6 Impedance ............................................................................................................ 34

6.7 Self-resonant frequency and inductance ............................................................... 35

6.8 Variation of capacitance with temperature ............................................................. 38

6.9 Surge .................................................................................................................... 40

6.10 High surge current test.......................................................................................... 42

6.11 Charge and discharge tests and inrush current test ............................................... 44

6.12 Dielectric absorption ............................................................................................. 45

6.13 Voltage transient overload (for aluminum electrolytic capacitors with non-

solid electrolyte) ................................................................................................... 47

7 Mechanical tests and measurements ............................................................................. 48

7.1 Visual examination and check of dimensions ........................................................ 48

7.2 Outer foil termination ............................................................................................ 49

7.3 Robustness of terminations ................................................................................... 50

7.4 Vibration ............................................................................................................... 51

7.5 Bump (repetitive shock) ........................................................................................ 52

7.6 Shock ................................................................................................................... 52

7.7 Shear test ............................................................................................................. 52

7.8 Substrate bending test .......................................................................................... 53

7.9 Container sealing .................................................................................................. 53

8 Environmental and climatic tests ................................................................................... 53

8.1 Rapid change of temperature ................................................................................ 53

8.2 Climatic sequence................................................................................................. 53

8.3 Damp heat, steady state ....................................................................................... 55

8.4 Damp heat, steady state with voltage applied (for metallized film capacitors

only) ..................................................................................................................... 55

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SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
IEC 60384-1:2021 © IEC 2021 – 3 –

8.5 Endurance ............................................................................................................ 56

8.6 Thermal stability test ............................................................................................. 58

8.7 Characteristics at high and low temperatures ........................................................ 58

8.8 Accelerated damp heat, steady state .................................................................... 58

8.9 Accelerated damp heat, steady state (for multilayer ceramic capacitors only) ....... 59

9 Tests related to component assembly ............................................................................ 60

9.1 Resistance to soldering heat ................................................................................. 60

9.2 Solderability .......................................................................................................... 60

9.3 Whisker growth test .............................................................................................. 61

9.4 Component solvent resistance .............................................................................. 62

9.5 Solvent resistance of marking ............................................................................... 62

10 Tests related to safety ................................................................................................... 63

10.1 Passive flammability ............................................................................................. 63

10.2 Pressure relief (for aluminum electrolytic capacitors) ............................................ 63

11 Quality assessment procedures ..................................................................................... 64

Annex A (informative) Guidance on pulse testing of capacitors ............................................ 65

A.1 Overview............................................................................................................... 65

A.2 Typical capacitor pulse conditions ......................................................................... 65

A.3 Effect of inductance on pulse testing ..................................................................... 66

Annex Q (informative) Quality assessment procedures ........................................................ 67

Q.1 General ................................................................................................................. 67

Q.2 Qualification approval (QA) procedures ................................................................. 70

Q.3 Capability approval (CA) procedures ..................................................................... 71

Q.4 Technology approval (TA) procedure .................................................................... 73

Q.5 Rules for the preparation of detail specifications for capacitors and resistors

for electronic equipment for use within quality assessment systems ...................... 74

Q.6 Layout of the first page of a PCP/CQC specification ............................................. 75

Q.7 Requirements for capability approval test report ................................................... 75

Q.8 Guidance on the extension of endurance tests on fixed capacitors ........................ 76

Annex X (informative) Cross reference for references to the previous edition of this

document .............................................................................................................................. 78

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 80

Figure 1 – Specification system for fixed capacitors ................................................................ 8

Figure 2 – Reactive power against frequency ........................................................................ 18

Figure 3 – Relation between category temperature range and applied voltage ...................... 19

Figure 4 – Suitable substrate for mechanical tests ................................................................ 24

Figure 5 – Suitable substrate for electrical tests .................................................................... 25

Figure 6 – Voltage-proof test circuit ...................................................................................... 29

Figure 7 – Schematic diagram of the impedance measuring circuit ....................................... 34

Figure 8 – Capacitor mounting arrangement for general use ................................................. 35

Figure 9 – Capacitor mounting arrangement for printed circuit use ........................................ 36

Figure 10 – Typical diagram of an absorption oscillator-wavemeter ....................................... 37

Figure 11 – Schematic diagram of the measuring circuit ....................................................... 37

Figure 12 – Relay circuit ....................................................................................................... 41

Figure 13 – Thyristor circuit .................................................................................................. 41

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SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
– 4 – IEC 60384-1:2021 © IEC 2021

Figure 14 – Voltage waveform across capacitor .................................................................... 42

Figure 15 – High surge current test ....................................................................................... 43

Figure 16 – Voltage and current waveform ............................................................................ 44

Figure 17 – Dielectric absorption test circuit ......................................................................... 46

Figure 18 – Voltage transient overload test circuit ................................................................. 47

Figure 19 – Voltage waveform .............................................................................................. 48

Figure 20 – Test circuit ......................................................................................................... 49

Figure 21 – Test circuit for electrolytic capacitors ................................................................. 57

Table 1 – Referee conditions ................................................................................................ 21

Table 2 – Measuring voltage of insulation resistance ............................................................ 25

Table 3 – Measuring points ................................................................................................... 28

Table 4 – Tensile force ......................................................................................................... 50

Table 5 – Torque .................................................................................................................. 51

Table 6 – Number of cycles .................................................................................................. 55

Table 7 – Severities and requirements .................................................................................. 63

Table X.1 – Reference to IEC 60384-1 for clauses/subclauses or annexes ........................... 78

Table X.2 – Reference to IEC 60384-1 for figures and tables ................................................ 79

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SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
IEC 60384-1:2021 © IEC 2021 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
FIXED CAPACITORS FOR USE IN ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT –
Part 1: Generic specification
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

IEC 60384-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 40: Capacitors and resistors for

electronic equipment. It is an International Standard.

This sixth edition cancels and replaces the fifth edition published in 2016. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) The document has been completely restructured to comply with the ISO/IEC Directives,

Part 2; a new technical categorization of test methods has been introduced and the test

methods have been reorganized according to these new categories; tables, figures and

references have been revised accordingly.
b) Annex X has been added for comparison with the previous edition.
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SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
– 6 – IEC 60384-1:2021 © IEC 2021
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
40/2848/FDIS 40/2859/RVD

Full information on the voting for its approval can be found in the report on voting indicated in

the above table.
The language used for the development of this International Standard is English.

This document was drafted in accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2, and developed in

accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1 and ISO/IEC Directives, IEC Supplement,

available at www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs. The main document types developed by

IEC are described in greater detail at www.iec.ch/standardsdev/publications.

A list of all parts in the IEC 60384 series, published under the general title Fixed capacitors

for use in electronic equipment, can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under webstore.iec.ch in the data related to the

specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60384-1:2021
IEC 60384-1:2021 © IEC 2021 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION

The specification system for fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment is structured in a

hierarchical system consisting of the following specification types. See Figure 1.

Generic specification

The generic specification covers all subjects mainly common to the family of fixed capacitors

for use in electronic equipment, such as terminology, methods of measurement and tests.

Where the individual subjects require the conditions or parameters for provisions specific to

the particular subfamily or type of fixed capacitor, such are required to be given by one of the

subordinate specifications.

For the scope of fixed capacitors, the numeric reference to the generic specification is

IEC 60384-1.
Sectional specification

Sectional specifications cover all subjects additional to those given in the generic

specification, which are specific to a defined subgroup of fixed capacitors. These subjects

normally are preferred values for dimensions
...

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