Machine tools - Safety - Electro discharge machines
1.1 This standard specifies technical safety requirements and measures, applicable to EDM equipment and EDM system (e.g. for spark erosion-sinking, spark erosion-wire cutting), to be adopted by persons undertaking the design, construction, installation and/or supply of such equipment. This standard also includes information to be provided by the manufacturer to the user.
1.2 The design requirements of this standard shall not apply to arc eroding and electro chemical machining equipment.
1.3 This standard takes account of the intended use in normal workshop environment and non explosive atmospheres including installation, setting, maintenance, repair and dismantling for removal or disposal of EDM equipment.
1.4 This standard also applies to auxiliary devices essential for EDM processing.
1.5 This standard deals with specific hazards defined in clause 4, Table 1, and the measures of prevention in clause 5, Table 2.
1.6 This standard applies to machines built after its date of issue.
NOTE Directive 94/9/EC concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres can be applicable to the type of machine or equipment covered by this European Standard. The present standard is not intended to provide means of complying with the essential health and safety requirements of Directive 94/9/EC.
Werkzeugmaschinen - Sicherheit - Funkenerodiermaschinen
1.1 Diese Norm legt technische Sicherheitsanforderungen und -maßnahmen für die EDM-Einrichtung und
die EDM-Anlage (z. B. Senkerodieren oder Drahterodieren) fest, die von Konstrukteuren, Herstellern,
Inbetriebnehmern und/oder Lieferanten von diesen Einrichtungen anzuwenden sind. Diese Norm enthält auch
Informationen, die dem Anwender durch den Hersteller zur Verfügung gestellt werden müssen.
1.2 Diese Norm gilt nicht für Maschinen zur Lichtbogenerosion oder elektrochemischen Bearbeitung.
1.3 Die in dieser Norm enthaltenen Anforderungen beziehen die bestimmungsgemäße Verwendung unter
üblichen Werkstattbedingungen in nicht explosionsfähiger Atmosphäre einschließlich Installation, Einrichten,
Wartung, Reparatur und Demontage zur Standortänderung oder Entsorgung von EDM-Einrichtungen mit ein.
1.4 Diese Norm gilt auch für Zusatzeinrichtungen, die für die EDM-Bearbeitung erforderlich sind.
1.5 Diese Norm behandelt spezifische Gefährdungen, die in Abschnitt 4, Tabelle 1, und die Schutzmaßnahmen,
die in Abschnitt 5, Tabelle 2, aufgelistet sind.
1.6 Diese Norm gilt für Maschinen, die nach dem Erscheinungsdatum der Norm hergestellt werden.
ANMERKUNG Die Richtlinie 94/9/EG bezüglich Geräte und Schutzsysteme zur bestimmungsgemäßen Verwendung in
explosionsgefährdeten Bereichen kann bei Maschinen oder Bauteilen nach dieser Europäischen Norm zur Anwendung
kommen. Die vorliegende Norm ist nicht als Mittel zum Nachweis der Übereinstimmung mit den grundlegenden
Gesundheits- und Sicherheitsanforderungen der Richtlinie 94/9/EG vorgesehen.
Machine-outils - Sécurité - Machines d'électroérosion
1.1 La présente Norme européenne fixe les prescriptions techniques de sécurité et les mesures applicables aux équipements d'usinage par électroérosion et les systèmes d'usinage par électroérosion, par exemple forage par étincelage de coupage, par électroérosion à l'aide d'un fil, qui doivent être adoptées par les personnes se chargeant de la conception, de la construction, de l'installation et/ou de la fourniture de tels équipements. La présente norme contient aussi les informations que le fabricant doit fournir à l’utilisateur.
1.2 Les prescriptions de conception de la présente norme ne s'appliquent pas aux machines d'érosion à l'arc électrique et aux machines d'usinage électrochimique.
1.3 La présente norme tient compte de l'utilisation normale, en environnement industriel normal et sans atmosphère explosive y compris l'installation, le réglage, la maintenance, la réparation et le démontage pour évacuation ou mise au rebut des équipements d'électroérosion.
1.4 La présente norme s'applique également aux dispositifs auxiliaires essentiels au procédé d'usinage par électroérosion.
1.5 La présente norme traite des phénomènes dangereux spécifiques définis à l’Article 4 au Tableau 1 et des mesures de prévention à l’Article 5 au Tableau 2.
1.6 La présente norme s'applique aux machines construites après sa date de publication.
NOTE La Directive 94/9/CE relative aux appareils et systèmes de protection destinés à être utilisés en atmosphères explosibles peut s’appliquer au type de machine ou équipement couverts par la présente Norme européenne. La présente norme n’est pas destinée à fournir un moyen de satisfaire aux exigences essentielles de Santé et de Sécurité de la Directive 94/9/CE.
Obdelovalni stroji - Varnost - Stroji EDM
Standards Content (Sample)
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Obdelovalni stroji - Varnost - Stroji EDMWerkzeugmaschinen - Sicherheit - FunkenerodiermaschinenMachine-outils - Sécurité - Machines d'électroérosionMachine tools - Safety - Electro discharge machines25.120.40Elektrokemijski strojiElectrochemical machinesICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12957:2001+A1:2009SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009en,fr01-maj-2009SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009SLOVENSKI
SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
February 2009 ICS 25.120.40 Supersedes EN 12957:2001English Version
Machine tools - Safety - Electro discharge machines
Machine-outils - Sécurité - Machines d'électroérosion
Werkzeugmaschinen - Sicherheit - Funkenerodiermaschinen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 9 May 2001 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 29 December 2008.
CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels © 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 12957:2001+A1:2009: ESIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword .3 Introduction .4 1 Scope .4 2 Normative references .4 3 Terms and definitions .6 4 List of hazards .9 5 Safety requirements and/or measures . 12 5.1 General requirements . 12 5.2 Operating modes . 12 5.3 Stop functions . 13 5.4 Safety related parts of control systems for EDM equipment or EDM systems . 13 5.5 Specific requirements . 14 6 Verification of safety requirements and/or measures . 23 7 Information for use . 23 7.1 General . 23 7.2 Markings, signs, written warnings . 23 7.3 Instruction handbook . 23 Annex A (informative)
Examples and schematic pictures . 27 Annex B (normative)
Noise emission measurements . 36 Annex ZA (informative)
!!!!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC, amended by Directive 98/79/EC"""" . 37 Annex ZB (informative)
!!!!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC"""" . 38
SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 12957:2001+A1:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 143 "Machine tools - Safety", the secretariat of which is held by SNV. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2009. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2008-12-29. This document supersedes EN 12957:2001. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags ! ". This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). !Annexes A, ZA and ZB of this standard are informative, Annex B is normative." !For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this document." According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 4 Introduction This standard applies to equipment using the process of Electro Discharge Machining (EDM) as defined in clause 3. This European Standard is a type C Standard as stated in EN 1070.
The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered are indicated in the scope of this standard.
Complementary guidance is given in type A and B Standards to which reference is made in the text. When provisions of this type C Standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B Standards, the provisions of this type C Standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C Standard. It provides one means of conforming with the Essential Health and Safety Requirements (EHSR’s) of the "Machinery Directive" (98/37/EC). 1 Scope 1.1 This standard specifies technical safety requirements and measures, applicable to EDM equipment and EDM system (e.g. for spark erosion-sinking, spark erosion-wire cutting), to be adopted by persons undertaking the design, construction, installation and/or supply of such equipment. This standard also includes information to be provided by the manufacturer to the user. 1.2 The design requirements of this standard shall not apply to arc eroding and electro chemical machining equipment. 1.3 This standard takes account of the intended use in normal workshop environment and non explosive atmospheres including installation, setting, maintenance, repair and dismantling for removal or disposal of EDM equipment. 1.4 This standard also applies to auxiliary devices essential for EDM processing. 1.5 This standard deals with specific hazards defined in clause 4, Table 1, and the measures of prevention in clause 5, Table 2. 1.6 This standard applies to machines built after its date of issue. NOTE Directive 94/9/EC concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres can be applicable to the type of machine or equipment covered by this European Standard. The present standard is not intended to provide means of complying with the essential health and safety requirements of Directive 94/9/EC. 2 Normative references This European Standard contains dated or not dated references on provisions from other publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including amendments). SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 5 EN 2:1992, Classification of fires EN 54-1:1996, Fire detection and fire alarm systems – Part 1: Introduction EN 292-1:1991, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design – Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology EN 292-2:1991, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design – Part 2: Technical principles and specifications EN 292-2:1991/A1:1995, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design – Part 2: Technical principles and specifications, (Amendment A.1) EN 294:1992, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent danger zones being reached by the upper limbs EN 349:1993, Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body EN 418:1992, Safety of machinery - Emergency stop equipment, functional aspects - Principles for design EN 626-1:1994, Safety of machinery - Reduction of risks to health from hazardous substances emitted by machinery – Part 1: Principles and specifications for machinery manufacturers EN 775:1992, Manipulating industrial robots - Safety (ISO 10218:1992 modified)
EN 811:1996, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent danger zones being reached by the lower limbs
EN 953:1997, Safety of machinery - Guards - General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards
EN 954-1:1996, Safety of machinery - Safety related parts of control systems – Part 1: General principles for design EN 982:1996, Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components - Hydraulics EN 983:1996, Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components - Pneumatics EN 999:1998, Safety of machinery - The positioning of protective equipment in respect of approach speeds of parts of the human body
EN 1037:1995, Safety of machinery - Prevention of unexpected start-up EN 1050:1996, Safety of machinery - Principles for risk assessment EN 1070:1998, Safety of machinery - Terminology EN 1088:1995, Safety of machinery - Interlocking devices associated with guards - Principles for design and selection prEN 12437-1:1996, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machines and industrial plants – Part 1: Choice of a fixed means of access between two levels
prEN 12437-2:1996, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machines and industrial plants – Part 2: Working platforms and gangways SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 6 prEN 12437-3:1996, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machines and industrial plants – Part 3: Stairways, stepladders and guard-rails prEN 12437-4:1996, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machines and industrial plants – Part 4: Fixed ladders EN 55011:1998, Industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) radio frequency equipment - Radio disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement (CISPR 11:1997, modified) EN 60204-1:1997, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines – Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60204-1:1997) EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) (IEC 60529:1989) EN 60742:1995, Isolating transformers and safety isolating transformers - Requirements (IEC 60742:1983 + A1:1992, modified) EN 61000-6-2:1999, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 6-2: Generic standards - Immunity for industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-2:1999) EN 61310-1:1995, Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation – Part 1: Requirements for visual, auditory and tactile signals (IEC 61310-1:1995) EN 61310-2:1995, Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation – Part 2: Requirements for marking (IEC 61310-2:1995) EN ISO 3746: 1995, Acoustics – Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting plane (ISO 3746:1995) EN ISO 4871:1996, Acoustics – Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment EN ISO 11202:1995, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Measurement method of emission sound pressure levels at the workstation and at other specified positions - Survey method in situ EN ISO 11688-1:1998, Acoustics – Recommended practice for the design of low noise machinery and equipment – Part 1: Planning 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this standard, the definitions given in EN 1070:1998 apply together with definitions listed below. Other general definitions (e.g. hazard, risk, safeguarding) are mentioned in corresponding type A and type B Standards and in the annex A of EN 292-2:1991. 3.1
arc erosion; arc eroding; arc machining the removal of material by constant (non pulsed) electro discharges, performed in a dielectric medium. The discharges are initiated by periodical contact of the electrode with the work piece interrupted by axial movement of the electrode
3.2 arc erosion equipment all the necessary units for the process of arc machining 3.3 SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 7 automatic mode use of the machine under numerical control to achieve programmed sequential operation. This term is equivalent with machining mode 3.4 control circuit circuit used for the operational control of the machine and for protection of the power circuits 3.5 control system for EDM equipment or EDM system the system from the initial actuator or sensor to the point of input to the final actuator or element (e.g. motor, cylinders) 3.6 dielectric fluid (for EDM processes) non-conductive medium to improve the discharge effect, evacuate debris and to cool the work piece/electrode 3.7 dielectric fluid container unit and/or systems used to keep the dielectric fluid in a condition suitable for EDM (e.g. filter unit/dielectric system) 3.8 EDM equipment all the necessary units for the process of electro discharge machining which includes the machine tool, the generator, control circuits, the dielectric fluid container and integral devices 3.9 EDM system an assembly of EDM equipment and other machines or devices which are arranged, linked and controlled to function as an integral whole 3.10 electro chemical equipment all the necessary units for the process of electro chemical machining 3.11 electro chemical machining; ECM any machining process based on electrolysis 3.12 electro discharge machining; EDM any machining process based on spark erosion 3.13 electromagnetic compatibility; EMC the ability of the EDM equipment/system to function satisfactorily in its electromagnetic environment without introducing intolerable electromagnetic disturbances to anything in that environment 3.14 flammable dielectric fluid dielectric fluid used in EDM, characterised by its relative ease of ignition and relative ability to sustain combustion 3.15 flash point minimum temperature at which, under specified test conditions, a liquid gives off sufficient combustible gas or vapour to ignite momentarily on application of an effective ignition source SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 8 3.16 generator (for EDM equipment) device to convert electrical power supplied to the machine for the purpose of being used for spark erosion processing 3.17 operator of an EDM equipment and/or system person or persons given the task of programming, setting, adjusting, operating, maintaining and cleaning the machinery 3.18 setting/manual mode use of the machine for unprogrammed operations under the control of the operator 3.19 setting mode (simulation mode) use of the machine under numerical control, without machining power, to check/optimise the NC-programme and allowing manual interventions 3.20
shielding of EDM equipment mechanical barrier or enclosure of conductive material intended to attenuate the emission/penetration of a varying electromagnetic field into an assigned region 3.21 spark erosion; spark eroding; spark machining; EDM process removal of material in a dielectric fluid by electro discharges, which are separated in time and randomly distributed in space, between two electrically conductive electrodes (the tool electrode and the work piece electrode), and where the energy in the discharge is controlled 3.22 spark erosion-sinking removal of material by spark erosion to produce various shapes in the work piece e.g. concave, convex and prismatic holes 3.23 spark erosion-wire cutting removal of material by spark erosion with a wire electrode to produce prismatic shapes in the work piece 3.24 tool changer (for EDM equipment); electrode changing device mechanism integrated with the machine to supply a previously loaded electrode in exchange for another electrode. The electrode changing device is expected to enable an operator to load/unload electrodes from outside the work area. 3.25 work area (on EDM equipment) space within the envelope of the machine where the EDM process can take place 3.26 work piece changing device (for EDM equipment) mechanism integrated with the machine to supply a previously loaded work piece in exchange for another work piece. The work piece changing device is designed to enable an operator to load/unload work pieces from outside the work area. 3.27 work tank (for EDM equipment) unit surrounding the work area to contain the dielectric fluid for EDM processes SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 9 4 List of hazards The list of hazards contained in Table 1 is the result of a risk assessment, carried out as described by EN 1050:1996 for all EDM equipment covered by the scope of this standard. The technical measures and information for use contained in clause 5 and 7 are based on the risk assessment and deal with the identified hazards by either eliminating them or reducing the effects of the risks they generate. The significant hazards covered by this standard are listed in Table 1.
Particular attention is given to hazards dealing with: Electrical hazards (electrode voltage); Flammable dielectric fluid (level, temperature, fire detection); Hazardous substances (waste disposal, filters, used dielectric fluid, fume extraction, electrodes and sludges); Electromagnetic emissions (radiated and conducted). NOTE The designer’s attention is focused on hazards which can occur during the life of the machine to both operator and other persons who have access to the danger zone/s for conditions of intended use including reasonably foreseeable misuse of the machine (see EN 292-1:1991, 3.12) for both spark erosion with automatic mode and operations requiring intervention (e.g. setting, maintenance, repair).Although acoustic noise is not considered to be a significant hazard for EDM equipment, the manufacturer of the equipment is not absolved from reducing noise and making noise declaration. The designer is cautioned to verify whether the list of hazards in Table 1 is exhaustive and applicable and, if there are other hazardous situations, not listed in Table 1, which are related to the specific equipment in question. SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 10 Table 1 — List of significant hazards and major sources of these hazards associated with Electro Discharge Machines * Description Hazardous situation action Activity Danger zone Reference to Table 2 1 Mechanical hazards due to: 1d Mass and velocity (kinetic energy of elements in controlled or uncontrolled motion) movements of machine elements setting, machining and maintenance at and near the machine A3 - A5 1.1 + 1.2 Crushing and shearing
work piece clamping
automatic work piece/electrode changing
moving parts (e.g. axes, rolling elements)
power operated, work piece/ electrode change manual operation/work piece/electrode change between clamps and work piece
envelope of work piece/electrode motion
between work piece/electrode and machine parts A1, A2, A3
A1, A2, A3
A1, A2, A3
manual or automatic work piece/electrode changing, spindle rotation and wire rollers manual or power operated work piece/electrode changing and spindle rotation between work piece/electrode and machine parts A1, A2, A3 1.9 High pressure fluid injection or ejection
hydraulic/pneumatic systems ejection, leakage and
flushing setting, machining and maintenance at and near the machine A4
SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 11 Table 1 (continued)
* Description Hazardous situation action Activity Danger zone Reference to Table 2 2 Electrical hazards due to: 2.1 Contact of persons with live parts (direct contact) contact with work piece/electrode, wire/wire-path and contact with unprotected circuits process control, setting and maintenance work piece, electrode, tooling fixture, generator and electrical enclosure B1, B2 2.2 Contact of per-sons with parts which have be-come live under faulty conditions (indirect contact) contact with parts of the machine which are not live during normal operation maintenance and service of the machine at and near the machine, insulation of electrical cables and equipment B1, B3 7 Hazards generated by materials and substances (and their constituent elements) processed or used by the machinery 7.1 Contact with or inhalation of harmful fluids, gases, mists, fumes, and dust conditions near the machine caused by ejection of dielectric fluid, droplets or evaporation, mists, fumes, etc. during the EDM process, setting, maintenance and disposal of the machine at and near the machine D1 - D5 7.2 Fire or explosion
fire hazard originated by flammable mist generation, long lasting arcing condition, loss of dielectric fluid, fault of electrical or hydraulic power supply, etc.
during the EDM process near the machine and the work tank D5 - D12 10 Unexpected start-up, unexpected overrun/overspeed (or any similar malfunction) from:10.2 Restoration of the energy supply after an interruption malfunction of the ma-chine itself and/or elec-trical/pneumatic equip-ment due to restoration of the energy supply after energy restoration at the machine E3 10.3 External influences on electrical equipment malfunction of the machine itself or electrical equipment due to electromagnetic disturbances machine in operation, setting and maintenance at and in the vicinity of the machine C1 13 Failure of the power supply malfunction resulting from power loss, powered clamping failures and machine elements moving under residual forces (e.g. inertia, gravity) all activities at the machine at all moving elements of the machine E1, E2 (continued)
SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 12 Table 1 (concluded)
* Description Hazardous situation action Activity Danger zone Reference to Table 2 14 Failure of the control circuit mechanical hazards associated with ma-chine movements, elec-trical hazard and/or fire during operation, setting, cleaning, maintenance and repair activities at the machine F1 Other hazards 19 Slip, trip and fall of persons (related to machinery) ejection or spillage of fluids and lubricants; trailing floor-mounted or loose connection cables during and after machining and maintenance large work tanks, slippery floor and high working positions; area surrounding the machine G1 20 Hearing loss or other physiological disturbances emission of hazardous noise from the EDM equipment or its auxiliary devices during operation, setting, cleaning, maintenance and repair activities at and in the vicinity of the machine or the auxiliary devices H1 * This list is derived from EN 1050:1996, annex A
5 Safety requirements and/or measures 5.1 General requirements Machinery shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures as indicated in Table 2 of this clause. In addition the equipment shall be designed according to the principles of EN 292 for hazards relevant, but not significant, which are not dealt with by this standard (e.g. sharp edges).
5.2 Operating modes 5.2.1 Operating mode selection Based on 1.2.5 of EN 292-2:1991/A1:1995 and 9.2.3 of EN 60204-1:1997, the selection of the mode shall be either a key operated switch, or equally lockable means. Mode selection shall be permitted only from outside the work area and shall not initiate start-up. The indication of the selected operating mode shall be provided (e.g. the position of the selector, the provision of an indicating light or visual display indication). Mode changes shall ensure, that only one mode is active at any one time.
Mode selection shall be category 1 according to EN 954-1:1996. 5.2.2 Protecting measures relating to operating modes 126.96.36.199 Automatic mode Starting the automatic mode shall be possible only if guards are closed and other safety devices are in protective condition (e.g. guard lock, fire detection device ready when flammable dielectric fluids are used and fume extraction activated). SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 13 188.8.131.52 Setting mode Suspension of safeguarding under setting mode has to be in accordance with 9.2.4 of EN 60204-1:1997. Linear movements shall be limited at a maximum rate of 2 m/min under hold-to-run control, or incremental movements at a maximum increment of 6 mm. The stop resulting from hold-to-run control release or end of the incremental movement shall be a controlled stop category 2, according to 9.2.2 of EN 60204-1:1997. Rotating motions shall be limited to a rotation not exceeding 50 min-1. Speed limit control shall be category B according to EN 954-1:1996, combined with either: hold-to-run control together with an enabling device, or manual data input (MDI) followed by a cycle start together with an enabling device, or electronic hand-wheel together with an enabling device. to achieve category 3 according to EN 954-1:1996. The enabling device shall be in accordance with 184.108.40.206 of EN 60204-1:1997. 5.3 Stop functions 5.3.1 Operational stop
An operational stop-function which is initiated by a stop device shall be provided for each mode of operation. When the operational stop function is activated, the energy supply to axes drive motors, work piece holding device and NC equipment, need not be cut off, see A.1.2.4 of EN 292-2:1991/A1:1995 and annex A, Figure A.5 of this standard.
5.3.2 Emergency stop
The EDM equipment or system shall be provided with one or more emergency stop control devices according to EN 418:1992 and 6.1.1 of EN 292-2:1991. The emergency stop function/s shall be category 1 according to 9.2.2 of EN 60204-1:1997.
For EDM equipment or systems without NC controlled axes (e.g. EDM equipment with single working axis including electromechanical planetary motion devices or Electro Discharge Drilling machines), stop function category 0 according to 9.2.2 of EN 60204-1:1997, may be applied.
Emergency stop shall be category 3 according to EN 954-1:1996. Emergency stop device/s shall be provided at each working station but at least at: the main control panel, the portable control panel, if quick access to another emergency stop device is not possible, the work piece/electrode loading and unloading station if separated from the main operator’s position, a location quickly accessible from inside of an enclosure and/or work tank where whole body access is possible.
5.4 Safety related parts of control systems for EDM equipment or EDM systems Safety related parts of control systems comprise parts concerning the following functions and shall fulfil the requirements of the categories given below according to EN 954-1:1996. SIST EN 12957:2002+A1:2009
EN 12957:2001+A1:2009 (E) 14
Functions EN 954-1:1996 category see ref. Table 2• Machining voltage and electrical sensing for positioning of electrode/work piece 2 B2 • Monitoring of level and temperature of flammable dielectric fluid 3 D7, D8, D9 • Fire detection 2 D11 • Fume extraction shutter 2 D11, D12 • Fume extraction air flow sensing B D4 • Start, stop and automatic restart of machining B E3 • Hold-to-run control B A3 • Interlocking of movable guards 2 A1, A2, A3, B2 • Enabling device 3 A3
The function of safety related parts as specified above shall be verified by exam