Railway applications - Track - Railbound construction and maintenance machines - Part 1: Technical requirements for running

1.1   General
This European Standard defines the specific technical railway requirements for running of machines and other vehicles used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, track formation and fixed electric traction equipment.
This European Standard applies to all railbound machines and other vehicles – referred to as machines – running exclusively on the railway (utilising adhesion between the rail and wheels) and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment. This European Standard applies to machines that are intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex K.
Special requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and wheels, road-rail machines and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard covers the requirements for safety and access of railway traffic, railway specific requirements for running on different infrastructures in relation to necessary movements of the machine as a train and movements to reach work sites.
1.2   Validity of the European Standard
This European Standard applies to new designs taking into consideration the recommendations given in Annex L on the application of the standard (migration rule).

Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Schienengebundene Bau- und Instandhaltungsmaschinen - Teil 1: Technische Anforderungen an das Fahren

1.1   Allgemeines
Diese Europäische Norm legt die technischen eisenbahnspezifischen Anforderungen für das Fahren von Maschinen und anderen Fahrzeugen für Bau, Instandhaltung und Inspektion des Oberbaus, der Bauwerke, des Planums, des Unterbaus und der Fahrleitungsanlagen (Oberleitung und Stromschiene) fest.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für alle schienengebundenen Maschinen und andere Fahrzeuge mit Adhäsionsbetrieb — nachfolgend Maschinen genannt — für Bau, Instandhaltung und Inspektion des Oberbaus, der Bauwerke, des Unterbaus und der Fahrleitungsanlagen (Oberleitung und Stromschiene). Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Maschinen, die für den Einsatz mit Signal- und Steuerungssystemen gebaut sind. Weitere gleichartige Maschinen werden in anderen Europäischen Normen behandelt, siehe Anhang L.
Besondere Anforderungen können für das Fahren auf Eisenbahninfrastrukturen mit Schmal- oder Breitspurgleisen, Gleisen auf Straßen, für nicht durch Adhäsion angetriebene Eisenbahnen, Zwei-Wege-Maschinen und Infrastrukturen von Stadtbahnen/Straßenbahnen anzuwenden sein.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt die eisenbahnspezifischen Anforderungen beim Fahren der Maschine als Zug sowie bei der Fahrt zur Arbeitsstelle.
1.2   Gültigkeit der Europäischen Norm
Diese Europäische Norm berücksichtigt die Empfehlungen in Anhang L bei Anwendung dieser Norm (Übergangsbestimmung).

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines de construction et de maintenance empruntant exclusivement les voies ferrées - Partie 1 : Prescriptions techniques pour la circulation

La présente Norme Européenne spécifie les exigences techniques ferroviaires à respecter pour la circulation des machines et autres véhicules utilisés pour la construction, la maintenance ou le contrôle de la voie, des ouvrages d'art, de la plateforme, des infrastructures et des installations fixes de traction électrique. Les conditions nationales particulières applicables à certains Etats membres sont présentées à l'Annexe B.
La présente Norme Européenne s'applique à toutes les machines et autres véhicules, ci-après désignés « machines », circulant exclusivement sur les voies ferrées (utilisant l'adhérence rail/roue), et utilisés pour la construction, la maintenance et le contrôle de la voie, des ouvrages d'art, de l'infrastructure et des installations fixes de traction électrique. La présente Norme Européenne s'applique aux machines prévues pour actionner les systèmes ferroviaires de signalisation et de contrôle. D'autres machines sont traitées dans d'autres Normes Européennes, voir Annexe I.
La présente Norme Européenne a été élaborée pour un écartement de rail nominal de 1 435 mm ; des exigences particulières de circulation peuvent s'appliquer aux infrastructures ferroviaires à voies larges ou étroites, aux chemins de fer urbains, aux chemins de fer autres que ceux à adhérence rail/roue, et aux machines rail/route  qui ne sont pas inclus dans la présente norme.
La présente Norme Européenne couvre les exigences spécifiques aux voies ferrées pour la circulation de la machine en tant que train et les déplacements pour atteindre les zones de travail.

Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj proge - Težka tirna mehanizacija za gradnjo in vzdrževanje - 1. del: Tehnične zahteve za vožnjo

1.1Splošno
Ta evropski standard določa posebne tehnične zahteve za železnice za vožnjo strojev in drugih vozil, ki se uporabljajo za gradnjo, vzdrževanje in pregledovanje zgornjega ustroja, struktur, tirnic in fiksne opreme za električno vleko.
Ta evropski standard se uporablja za vso težko tirno mehanizacijo in druga vozila, s skupnim imenom »težka mehanizacija«, za vožnjo izključno na železniških tirih (z izkoriščanjem oprijemljivosti med tirnicami in kolesi) ter za gradnjo, vzdrževanje in pregledovanje zgornjega ustroja, struktur, tirnic in fiksne opreme za električno vleko. Ta evropski standard se uporablja za mehanizacijo, ki je namenjena upravljanju signalizacijskih in nadzornih sistemov. Drugi stroji so obravnavani v drugih evropskih standardih (glej dodatek K).
Posebne zahteve lahko veljajo za vožnjo na območju infrastruktur z ozkimi ali širokimi tiri, tramvajskimi tiri, železniškimi tiri, ki ne izkoriščajo oprijemljivosti med tirnicami in kolesi, za dvopotna železniška vozila ter na območju podzemnih infrastruktur.
Ta evropski standard zajema zahteve glede varnosti in dostopa železniškega prometa, specifičnih železniških zahtev za vožnjo na območju z različnimi infrastrukturami v povezavi s potrebnimi premiki stroja kot vlaka in premiki za dostop do delovnih mest.
1.2 Veljavnost evropskega standarda
Ta evropski standard se uporablja za nove zasnove ob upoštevanju priporočil o uporabi standarda (pravilo migracije), ki so podana v dodatku L.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
12-Oct-2014
Publication Date
10-Jul-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
09-Jun-2017
Due Date
14-Aug-2017
Completion Date
11-Jul-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 14033-1:2017
01-september-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 14033-1:2011

äHOH]QLãNHQDSUDYH=JRUQMLXVWURMSURJH7HåNDWLUQDPHKDQL]DFLMD]DJUDGQMRLQ

Y]GUåHYDQMHGHO7HKQLþQH]DKWHYH]DYRåQMR

Railway applications - Track - Railbound construction and maintenance machines - Part

1: Technical requirements for running
Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Schienengebundene Bau- und
Instandhaltungsmaschinen - Teil 1: Technische Anforderungen an das Fahren
Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines de construction et de maintenance

empruntant exclusivement les voies ferrées - Partie 1 : Prescriptions techniques pour la

circulation
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 14033-1:2017
ICS:
45.120 2SUHPD]DJUDGQMRLQ Equipment for
Y]GUåHYDQMHåHOH]QLFR] railway/cableway
åLþQLF construction and
maintenance
SIST EN 14033-1:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 14033-1:2017
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SIST EN 14033-1:2017
EN 14033-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
May 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 45.120; 93.100 Supersedes EN 14033-1:2011
English Version
Railway applications - Track - Railbound construction and
maintenance machines - Part 1: Technical requirements
for running

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines de Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Schienengebundene

construction et de maintenance empruntant Bau- und Instandhaltungsmaschinen - Teil 1:

exclusivement les voies ferrées - Partie 1 : Technische Anforderungen an das Fahren

Prescriptions techniques pour la circulation
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 2 October 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 14033-1:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 14033-1:2017
EN 14033-1:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 7

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 11

2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................. 11

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 15

4 Machine categorization .............................................................................................................................. 16

4.1 General rules .................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.2 Demountable modules ............................................................................................................................... 16

5 Rolling stock gauge ...................................................................................................................................... 17

5.1 General rules .................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.2 Stowing of moveable machine parts in running positions ............................................................ 17

5.2.1 Component locks .......................................................................................................................................... 17

5.2.2 Exemption from locking ............................................................................................................................ 17

5.2.3 Secondary support ....................................................................................................................................... 17

5.2.4 Indication of locked state .......................................................................................................................... 18

5.2.5 Running ............................................................................................................................................................ 18

6 Frame ................................................................................................................................................................ 18

6.1 Design of the machine frame and attachments ................................................................................. 18

6.2 Lifting and jacking points .......................................................................................................................... 18

6.3 Hook for stowage on boats and for towing ......................................................................................... 19

7 Bogie and running gear .............................................................................................................................. 20

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

7.2 Structural design .......................................................................................................................................... 21

7.2.1 Structural design of the bogie frame ..................................................................................................... 21

7.2.2 Other components ....................................................................................................................................... 21

7.3 Wheel diameter ............................................................................................................................................ 21

7.4 Static axle loading ........................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5 Wheel profile ................................................................................................................................................. 22

7.6 Shape and dimensions of the axles and wheelsets ........................................................................... 22

7.7 Machine mass measurement .................................................................................................................... 24

7.7.1 Axle arrangement and axle loads ........................................................................................................... 24

7.7.2 Operational mass of the machine ........................................................................................................... 25

7.7.3 Maximum mass of the machine without payload ............................................................................. 26

7.7.4 Maximum mass of the machine with payload .................................................................................... 26

7.7.5 Weighing method ......................................................................................................................................... 26

7.8 Design for longitudinal compressive forces ....................................................................................... 27

7.9 Lifeguards ....................................................................................................................................................... 27

7.10 Obstacle deflector ........................................................................................................................................ 28

8 Running safety ............................................................................................................................................... 28

8.1 Running tests ................................................................................................................................................. 28

8.2 Running safety on track twists ................................................................................................................ 29

8.3 Running simulation ..................................................................................................................................... 29

9 Brakes............................................................................................................................................................... 29

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SIST EN 14033-1:2017
EN 14033-1:2017 (E)

9.1 Mandatory braking equipment ............................................................................................................... 29

9.2 Characteristics ............................................................................................................................................... 31

9.2.1 Performance ................................................................................................................................................... 31

9.2.2 Brake testing .................................................................................................................................................. 31

9.2.3 Mechanical characteristics of the brake ............................................................................................... 32

9.2.4 Automatic compressed air brake ............................................................................................................ 33

9.2.5 Direct brake .................................................................................................................................................... 34

9.2.6 Brake functions to keep a machine stationary .................................................................................. 35

9.2.7 Dynamic brake ............................................................................................................................................... 36

9.2.8 Emergency brake .......................................................................................................................................... 36

9.2.9 Brake distributor controls ........................................................................................................................ 37

9.2.10 Other brake systems .................................................................................................................................... 37

9.3 Air reservoirs ................................................................................................................................................. 37

9.4 Compressed air production of self-propelled machines ................................................................ 38

9.5 Brake hose connections ............................................................................................................................. 38

9.6 Special braking equipment ....................................................................................................................... 38

10 Buffing and draw gear ................................................................................................................................. 39

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 39

10.2 Conventional connection between machines/vehicles .................................................................. 39

10.2.1 Couplings ......................................................................................................................................................... 39

10.2.2 Buffers .............................................................................................................................................................. 39

10.2.3 Interaction of buffers and screw couplings ......................................................................................... 39

10.3 Connection between machines/vehicles ............................................................................................. 40

10.4 Interaction forces between the machine and coupled vehicles ................................................... 41

10.5 Space to be kept free at the end of the machine ................................................................................ 41

10.6 Shunters' handrail ........................................................................................................................................ 42

10.7 Shunters' step ................................................................................................................................................ 42

11 Operation of track circuits, axle-counters, treadles for level crossings, hot box

detectors and unreleased brake detectors ......................................................................................... 42

11.1 Operation of track circuits ........................................................................................................................ 42

11.2 Operation of axle-counters and treadles for level crossings ........................................................ 42

11.3 Operation of hot axle box and unreleased brake detectors .......................................................... 43

11.4 On board hot box detection ....................................................................................................................... 43

11.5 Operation of other signalling systems .................................................................................................. 43

12 Running safety equipment ........................................................................................................................ 43

12.1 Indication equipment .................................................................................................................................. 43

12.2 Data recorder ................................................................................................................................................. 43

13 Warning equipment and lights ................................................................................................................ 43

13.1 Warning horns ............................................................................................................................................... 43

13.1.1 Audibility ......................................................................................................................................................... 43

13.1.2 Warning horn sound pressure level ...................................................................................................... 44

13.1.3 Protection ........................................................................................................................................................ 44

13.2 Headlights ....................................................................................................................................................... 44

13.3 Lamp brackets and marker lights ........................................................................................................... 44

13.3.1 Lamp brackets ............................................................................................................................................... 44

13.3.2 Arrangement of marker lights ................................................................................................................. 46

13.3.3 Additional devices ........................................................................................................................................ 47

13.3.4 Light switching arrangements ................................................................................................................. 47

14 Drivers cabs and driving positions ........................................................................................................ 47

14.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 47

14.2 Access to cab ................................................................................................................................................... 47

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SIST EN 14033-1:2017
EN 14033-1:2017 (E)

14.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 47

14.2.2 Steps, handrails, platforms and railings .............................................................................................. 48

14.2.3 Doors ................................................................................................................................................................. 48

14.3 Interior of cab ................................................................................................................................................ 48

14.3.1 Driver's position ........................................................................................................................................... 48

14.3.2 Additional seats ............................................................................................................................................ 48

14.3.3 Layout of driver's cab(s) ............................................................................................................................ 49

14.3.4 Windscreens and forward facing windows......................................................................................... 49

14.3.5 Other glazing .................................................................................................................................................. 49

14.3.6 Cab side windows ......................................................................................................................................... 49

14.4 Heating, cooling and ventilation ............................................................................................................. 50

14.5 Internal lighting ............................................................................................................................................ 50

14.6 Area of visibility ............................................................................................................................................ 50

14.7 Driver's desks ................................................................................................................................................ 51

14.8 Controls and indicators .............................................................................................................................. 51

14.9 Driver's and assistant's seats ................................................................................................................... 52

14.10 Equipment and controls ............................................................................................................................ 52

14.10.1 Minimum equipment necessary for the driving of the machine ......................................... 52

14.10.2 Equipment necessary for the monitoring of the machine ..................................................... 53

14.10.3 Arrangement of instruments for the driver's assistant ......................................................... 53

14.10.4 Miscellaneous accessories ................................................................................................................ 53

14.11 Driver's vigilance device ........................................................................................................................... 53

15 Safety design features ................................................................................................................................. 54

15.1 Electrical protection measures ............................................................................................................... 54

15.2 Mechanical protection measures ........................................................................................................... 55

15.3 Fire protection .............................................................................................................................................. 55

15.3.1 Material requirements ............................................................................................................................... 55

15.3.2 Specific measures for flammable liquids ............................................................................................. 55

15.3.3 Portable fire extinguishers ....................................................................................................................... 55

15.3.4 Fire detection and suppression systems ............................................................................................. 55

15.3.5 Driver’s cab emergency exit ..................................................................................................................... 55

15.3.6 Floors ................................................................................................................................................................ 55

15.4 Personnel protection .................................................................................................................................. 55

15.5 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 56

16 Environmental conditions ........................................................................................................................ 56

16.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 56

16.2 Carriage and storage of fuel and oil ....................................................................................................... 56

16.3 Tanks and equipment ................................................................................................................................. 56

16.3.1 Fuel tanks and pipework ........................................................................................................................... 56

16.3.2 Hydraulic oil circuit ..................................................................................................................................... 57

16.4 Power equipment ......................................................................................................................................... 57

17 Aerodynamic effects .................................................................................................................................... 57

17.1 Cross wind ....................................................................................................................................................... 57

17.2 Slipstream effect of machines with maximum speed greater than 160 km/h ....................... 57

17.3 Head pressure pulse.................................................................................................................................... 58

18 Design for recovery purposes .................................................................................................................. 58

19 Machine marking .......................................................................................................................................... 59

19.1 Lettering on the machine .......................................................................................................................... 59

19.2 Machine identification number .............................................................................................................. 59

19.3 Details of the railway infrastructure where the machine is allowed to run ........................... 59

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SIST EN 14033-1:2017
EN 14033-1:2017 (E)

20 User information ........................................................................................................................................... 59

20.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 59

20.2 Data for inclusion in National Vehicle Register ................................................................................. 60

20.3 Instruction Handbook ................................................................................................................................. 63

20.3.1 Technical documentation .......................................................................................................................... 63

20.3.2 Technical documentation for operators .............................................................................................. 65

20.4 Maintenance instructions .......................................................................................................................... 67

20.4.1 Maintenance schedule ................................................................................................................................ 67

20.4.2 Maintenance manual ................................................................................................................................... 67

Annex A (normative) Application of technical requirements to machines categories ...................... 69

Annex B (normative) Special national conditions ........................................................................................... 74

Annex C (normative) Machine diagram with gauge and critical points ................................................... 86

Annex D (normative) Free space at the end of the machine ........................................................................ 87

Annex E (informative) Steps, handrails and door handles ........................................................................... 89

Annex F (informative) Identification plate ......................................................................................................... 90

Annex G (normative) Marking ................................................................................................................................ 91

Annex H (normative) On board safety equipment........................................................................................... 93

Annex I (informative) Structure of European Standards for track construction and

maintenance machines ............................................................................................................................ 101

Annex J (informative) Clause by clause comparison with Commission Regulation (EU)

No 1302/2014 (Loc&Pas TSI) ................................................................................................................ 103

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC ..................................................................................... 107

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................. 112

Tables

Table 1 — Machine categories by maximum running speed ...................................................................... 16

Table 2 — Static axle loading .................................................................................................................................. 22

Table 3 — Wheelset dimension ............................................................................................................................. 23

Tab
...

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