Food processing machinery - Fish heading and filleting machines - Safety and hygiene requirements

This European Standard specifies the safety and hygiene requirements for the design and construction of automatic fish heading and fish filleting machines, and using knives.
This European Standard applies to machinery and equipment for the heading and filleting of fish in the fish processing industry. This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations, and events relevant to fish heading and filleting machines when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4). It deals with the hazards during the following phases of the intended use: assembly and installation, commissioning, setting and adjusting, operation, cleaning, fault finding, and maintenance.
When drawing up this European Standard, the following assumptions were made:
-  only trained adult persons operate the machines;
-  the machines are used in workplaces with an illumination level that can be reasonably expected in such places.
This European Standard is not applicable to fish heading and filleting machines that are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN.

Nahrungsmittelmaschinen - Fischköpf- und -filetiermaschinen - Sicherheits- und Hygieneanforderungen

Diese Europäische Norm spezifiziert die Sicherheits- und Hygieneanforderungen für die Konstruktion und Herstellung von automatischen Fischköpf- und  filetiermaschinen und für die Anwendung von Messern.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Maschinen und Ausrüstungen für das Köpfen und Filetieren von Fisch in der Fischverarbeitungsindustrie. Dieses Dokument erfasst alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungs-situationen und Gefährdungsereignisse, die für Maschinen zum Köpfen und Filetieren von Fisch relevant sind, wenn die Maschinen bestimmungsgemäß sowie unter vom Hersteller vorhersehbaren missbräuchlichen Bedingungen verwendet werden (siehe Abschnitt 4). Behandelt werden Gefährdungen während der folgenden Phasen des bestimmungsgemäßen Gebrauchs: Montage und Installation, Inbetriebnahme, Einrichtung und Einstellung, Betrieb, Reinigung, Fehlersuche und Wartung.
Bei Erstellung dieser Europäischen Norm wurden folgende Annahmen getroffen:
-   die Maschinen werden ausschließlich von geeignet geschulten Erwachsenen bedient;
-   die Maschinen werden an Arbeitsplätzen mit einer angemessenen Ausleuchtung angewendet.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Maschinen zum Köpfen und Filetieren von Fisch, die vor dem Datum ihrer Veröffentlichung als EN hergestellt wurden.

Machines pour les produits alimentaires - Machines à étêter et à fileter le poisson - Prescriptions relatives à la sécurité et à l'hygiène

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions de sécurité et d’hygiène relatives à la conception et à la construction de machines à étêter et à fileter automatiquement le poisson, ainsi qu'à l'utilisation des couteaux.
La présente Norme européenne s’applique aux machines et aux appareils destinés à étêter et à fileter le poisson dans les industries de traitement du poisson. Le présent document traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux significatifs, situations et événements dangereux spécifiques aux machines destinées à étêter et à fileter le poisson, lorsque celles-ci sont utilisées normalement et dans des conditions de mauvais usage raisonnablement prévisible par le fabricant (voir Article 4). Il traite des phénomènes dangereux lors des phases d’utilisation normale suivantes : assemblage et installation, mise en route, réglage et ajustement, fonctionnement, nettoyage, recherche de panne et maintenance.
La rédaction de la présente Norme européenne repose sur les hypothèses suivantes :
-   seuls des adultes formés manipulent les machines ;
-   les machines sont utilisées dans des lieux de travail bénéficiant du niveau d'éclairage auquel on peut raisonnablement s'attendre dans de tels lieux.
La présente Norme européenne ne s'applique pas aux machines à étêter et fileter les poissons fabriquées avant sa date de publication en tant que Norme EN.

Stroji za predelavo hrane - Stroji za odstranjevanje ribjih glav in filetiranje rib - Varnostne in higienske zahteve

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne in higienske zahteve za načrtovanje in konstrukcijo strojev za odstranjevanje ribjih glav in filetiranje rib, pri katerih se uporabljajo noži.
Ta evropski standard velja za stroje in opremo za odstranjevanje ribjih glav in filetiranje rib v ribiški predelovalni industriji. Ta dokument opisuje vsa večja tveganja, nevarne situacije in nevarne dogodke v zvezi s stroji za odstranjevanje ribjih glav in filetiranje rib, kadar se uporabljajo v skladu z njihovim namenom in pod pogoji pričakovane nepravilne uporabe, ki jih določa proizvajalec (glej točko 4). Opisuje nevarnosti v naslednjih fazah predvidene uporabe: sestavljanje in nameščanje, začetek obratovanja, nastavitev in prilagoditev, delovanje, čiščenje, iskanje okvar in vzdrževanje.
Pri pripravi tega evropskega standarda so bile uporabljene naslednje predpostavke:
–  stroje upravljajo le usposobljene odrasle osebe;
–  stroji se uporabljajo na delovnih mestih z ravnjo osvetljenosti, ki se lahko smiselno pričakuje na takih mestih.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za stroje za odstranjevanje ribjih glav in filetiranje rib, ki so bili izdelani pred datumom objave dokumenta kot standarda EN.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Apr-2013
Publication Date
17-Feb-2015
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
26-Jan-2015
Due Date
02-Apr-2015
Completion Date
18-Feb-2015

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Stroji za predelavo hrane - Stroji za odstranjevanje ribjih glav in filetiranje rib - Varnostne in higienske zahteveNahrungsmittelmaschinen - Fischköpf- und -filetiermaschinen - Sicherheits- und HygieneanforderungenMachines pour les produits alimentaires - Machines à étêter et à fileter le poisson - Prescriptions relatives à la sécurité et à l'hygièneFood processing machinery - Fish heading and filleting machines - Safety and hygiene requirements67.260Tovarne in oprema za živilsko industrijoPlants and equipment for the food industryICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 15467:2014SIST EN 15467:2015en,fr,de01-marec-2015SIST EN 15467:2015SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 15467:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 15467
December 2014 ICS 67.260 English Version

Food processing machinery - Fish heading and filleting machines - Safety and hygiene requirements

Machines pour les produits alimentaires - Machines à étêter et à fileter le poisson - Prescriptions relatives à la sécurité et à l'hygiène

Nahrungsmittelmaschinen - Fischköpf- und -filetiermaschinen - Sicherheits- und HygieneanforderungenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 25 October 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 15467:2014 ESIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................5 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................6 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................6 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................8 3.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................8 4 List of significant hazards ................................................................................................................. 13 4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 13 4.2 Tray in-feed machines – Specific mechanical hazards .................................................................. 13 4.3 Belt in-feed machines – specific mechanical hazards .................................................................... 14 4.4 Saddle filleting machines – specific mechanical hazards .............................................................. 14 4.5 Heading machine – specific mechanical hazards ........................................................................... 15 4.6 Tail clamp machines – specific mechanical hazards ...................................................................... 16 4.7 Electric hazards .................................................................................................................................. 16 4.8 Hazard generated by noise ................................................................................................................ 16 4.9 Hazards from non-compliance with ergonomic principles ............................................................ 16 4.10 Hazards from non-compliance with hygienic principles ................................................................ 17 4.11 Hazards from loss of stability ............................................................................................................ 17 4.12 Fall hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 17 4.13 Failure of the control system ............................................................................................................. 17 4.14 Failure of the power supply ............................................................................................................... 17 4.15 Hydraulic and pneumatic hazards .................................................................................................... 17 4.16 Hazards during interventions ............................................................................................................ 17 4.17 List of significant hazards ................................................................................................................. 18 5 Safety requirements and / or protective measures ......................................................................... 19 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 19 5.2 General requirements ......................................................................................................................... 19 5.3 Specific mechanical requirements for tray in-feed machines ....................................................... 22 5.4 Specific mechanical requirements for belt in-feed machines ........................................................ 22 5.5 Specific mechanical requirements for saddle type machines ....................................................... 23 5.6 Specific mechanical requirements for heading machines ............................................................. 24 5.7 Specific mechanical requirements for tail clamp machines .......................................................... 25 5.8 Electric hazards .................................................................................................................................. 26 5.9 Noise reduction ................................................................................................................................... 26 5.10 Compliance with ergonomic principles ............................................................................................ 26 5.11 Compliance with hygienic principles................................................................................................ 27 5.12 Fall hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 27 6 Verification of safety requirements and/or measures ..................................................................... 28 7 Information for use ............................................................................................................................. 28 7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 28 7.2 Signal and warning devices ............................................................................................................... 28 7.3 Instruction handbook ......................................................................................................................... 29 7.4 Marking ................................................................................................................................................ 30 Annex A (normative)

Noise test code for fish filleting machines (grade 2) ............................................... 31 A.1 Emission sound pressure level determination ................................................................................ 31 SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 3 A.2 Installation and mounting conditions ............................................................................................... 31 A.3 Operating conditions .......................................................................................................................... 31 A.4 Measurement ....................................................................................................................................... 31 A.5 Information to be recorded ................................................................................................................. 31 A.6 Information to be reported.................................................................................................................. 32 A.7 Declaration and verification of the noise emission values ............................................................. 32 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC ........................................................................................ 33 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 34

SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 15467:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 153 “Machinery intended for use with foodstuffs and feed”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2015 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 2015. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC. For relationship with EU Directive 2006/42/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 5 Introduction This European Standard is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events are covered are indicated in the scope of this European Standard. When provisions of this type-C-standard are different from those which are stated in type-A- and -B-standards, the provisions of this type-C-standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type-C-standard. SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the safety and hygiene requirements for the design and construction of automatic fish heading and fish filleting machines, and using knives. This European Standard applies to machinery and equipment for the heading and filleting of fish in the fish processing industry. This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations, and events relevant to fish heading and filleting machines when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4). It deals with the hazards during the following phases of the intended use: assembly and installation, commissioning, setting and adjusting, operation, cleaning, fault finding, and maintenance. When drawing up this European Standard, the following assumptions were made: — only trained adult persons operate the machines; — the machines are used in workplaces with an illumination level that can be reasonably expected in such places. This European Standard is not applicable to fish heading and filleting machines that are manufactured before the date of its publication as an EN. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 349:1993+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body EN 614-1:2006+A1:2009, Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles - Part 1: Terminology and general principles EN 953:1997+A1:2009, Safety of machinery - Guards - General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards EN 1037, Safety of machinery - Prevention of unexpected start-up EN 1672-2, Food processing machinery - Basic concepts - Part 2: Hygiene requirements EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements EN 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) EN 61310-1, Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation - Part 1: Requirements for visual, acoustic and tactile signals EN 61496-1, Safety of machinery - Electro-sensitive protective equipment - Part 1: General requirements and tests (IEC 61496-1)

EN ISO 3744, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO 3744) SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 7 EN ISO 4413, Hydraulic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components (ISO 4413) EN ISO 4414, Pneumatic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components (ISO 4414:2010) EN ISO 4871, Acoustics - Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment (ISO 4871) EN ISO 11204:2010, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying accurate environmental corrections (ISO 11204:2010) EN ISO 11688-1, Acoustics - Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment - Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1) EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction (ISO 12100:2010) EN ISO 13732-3, Ergonomics of the thermal environment - Methods for the assessment of human responses to contact with surfaces - Part 3: Cold surfaces (ISO 13732-3) EN ISO 13849-1:2008, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2006) EN ISO 13850, Safety of machinery - Emergency stop - Principles for design (ISO 13850:2006) EN ISO 13855, Safety of machinery - Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds of parts of the human body (ISO 13855) EN ISO 13856-2, Safety of machinery - Pressure-sensitive protective devices - Part 2: General principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive edges and pressure-sensitive bars (ISO 13856-2) EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008) EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery - Interlocking devices associated with guards - Principles for design and selection (ISO 14119:2013) EN ISO 14122-1, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 1: Choice of fixed means of access between two levels (ISO 14122-1) EN ISO 14122-2:2001, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 2: Working platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2001)1) EN ISO 14122-3, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 3: Stairs, stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3) EN ISO 14122-4, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 4: Fixed ladders (ISO 14122-4)

1) This document is impacted by the amendment EN ISO 14122-2:2001/A1:2010. SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 8 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the following apply. 3.1 General 3.1.1 filleting process consisting of the removal of spine/spinal cord and/or collarbones from fish 3.1.2 splitting cutting of fish into fillets with the spine on one of the filets, or the spine divided on both fillets 3.1.3 heading de-heading process includes V-cutting, flat-cutting, round-cutting, and guillotine-cutting 3.1.4 nobbing cutting off the head and pulling out the intestines 3.1.5 gutting removal of the intestines from fish 3.1.6 in-feed part of the machine where the product is placed and subsequently fed to the machine 3.1.7 knife cutting tool with a sharp firm or corrugated cutting edge, intended for cutting of meat, bone and similar parts of a fish Note 1 to entry:

The knife may be: – stationary, – reciprocating, – rotating circular, – or an endless blade. 3.1.8 knife-holder (blade removing device) device to make the knife safe to grasp during mounting and dismounting Note 1 to entry:

The knife-holder may be an integrated part of the knife or detachable. 3.1.9 knife-edge guard device guarding the knife-edge during the mounting and dismounting of the knife

Note 1 to entry: A knife-edge guard may be a detachable or an integral part of the machine. SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 9 3.1.10 knife-carrier device that protects the operator and guards the knife during transport and storage 3.1.11 processing action that covers one or more of the following terms: filleting, splitting, heading, nobbing, gutting and similar handling 3.2 tray in-feed machine processing machine usually with one or two endless chains mounted with fixed trays transporting and positioning the fish through the processing

Note 1 to entry: The fish may be placed manually or automatically in the fixed trays.

Key Key 1 one or two chains with fixed trays 1 in-feed area: The area where the fish is placed in the tray, either manual or by a feeding machine 2 processing unit (de-heading, filleting, nobbing, gutting, etc.) 2 entrance to processing area: The area where the tray-chain and fish moves into the processing area 3 transfer or discharge 3 processing area 4 operator's platform 4 transfer and/or discharge area: The area where the processed fish and the offal leaves the machine a) Example of a tray in-feed machine b) Tray-fed machine – Hazard areas Figure 1 — Tray in-feed machine SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 10 3.3 belt in-feed machine processing machine, usually with two parallel endless belts

Note 1 to entry: The fish is placed between the belts and is fed to the machine.

Key Key 1 in-fed slide 1 in-feed area: the area where the fish manually is placed between the feeding belts 2 parallel belts 2 entrance to processing area: the area where the feeding belts and fish moves into the processing area 3 processing area 3 processing area 4 transfer or discharge end 4 transfer and/or discharge area: the area where the processed fish and the offal leaves the machine a) Example of a belt-fed machine b) Belt in-feed machines – Hazard areas shown without guards Figure 2 — Belt in-feed machine SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 11 3.4 saddle type machines machine comprising an endless chain of saddles

Note 1 to entry: The saddles are used to transport the fish through the machine.

Key Key 1 tray for fish to be processed 1 saddle turning area: the area where the chain with saddles moves up to the feeding area or downward for return 2 handling unit, chain with moving saddles 2 in-feed area: the area where the fish manually is placed on a saddle 3 processing unit (measuring, positioning, filleting, scraping, etc.) 3 entrance to processing area: the area where the feeding belts and fish move into the processing area 4 operators platform 4 processing area 5 discharge unit (end of chain with moving saddles) 5 transfer discharge area: the area where the product is delivered to further operations and the saddles turn downwards and return to the saddle turning area 1 6 machine frame 6 operator’s position 7 discharge unit for offal

a) Example of a saddle type machine b) Saddle type machines – Hazard areas Figure 3 — Saddle type machines SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 12 3.5 header machines a machine for de-heading of fish

Note 1 to entry: The fish is manually positioned between feed belts, which hold and move the fish through a cutting device.

Key Key 1 cutting device 1 knife area: the area where the rotating knives and stationary knifes are situated 2 a trip device 2 processing area 3 feed belt(s) 3 in-feed area: the area where the fish is moved forwards by the fed belt. the in-feed area starts at the fish insert opening and ends at the knives 4 table and cover for transmissions 4 transmission area: gears, belt drives, shafts etc. 5 guide plate(s) 5 fish insert area: the opening where the fish manually is positioned to the in-feed area 6 operators position 6 operator's workplace: the area in front of the header, where the operator stands for normal operation a) Example of a heading machine b) Header – Hazard areas Figure 4 — Header SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 13 3.6 tail clamp machine a processing machine where the fish is placed by the tail in a clamp designed to draw the fish through the machine

Note 1 to entry: Tail clamp machine may have the following elements:

Key Key 1 tray for fishes to be processed 1 in-feed area: the area where the fish-tail is positioned in the clamps 2 feeding area, for manual positioning of the fish 2 entrance to processing area. the area where the feeding belts and fish moves into the processing area 3 processing unit (positioning, measuring, cutting, cleaning) 3 processing area: the area where measuring, positioning, cutting, scraping etc. takes place 4 operator’s place 4 discharge area 5 discharge unit 5 discharge area for offal 6 machine frame

7 discharge for offal

a) Example of a tail clamp machine b) Tail-clamp machines – Hazard areas Figure 5 — Tail clamp machine 4 List of significant hazards 4.1 General Clause 4 contains all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, identified by risk assessment as significant for this type of machinery and which require action to eliminate or reduce the risk. 4.2 Tray in-feed machines – Specific mechanical hazards 4.2.1 In-feed area — Entanglement, drawing in or trapping hazard by moving trays; — crushing or shearing hazard between two trays. SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 14 4.2.2 Entrance to processing area — Drawing-in or trapping hazard by the moving trays. 4.2.3 Processing area — Cutting, shearing or crushing hazard by rotating knives, rotating wheels, etc. 4.2.4 Transfer or discharge area — Crushing and drawing-in hazard between two trays, belt drive or transport chain; — stabbing or puncture hazard by belts and transport chains with sharp nails; — cutting hazard by knives. 4.3 Belt in-feed machines – specific mechanical hazards 4.3.1 In-feed area — Drawing-in hazard between belts and pulleys and belt supports. 4.3.2 Entrance to processing area — Drawing-in hazard by moving belts. 4.3.3 Processing area — Cutting hazard during processing; — cutting hazard at cleaning and replacement of knives; — drawing-in hazard between a belt and its supports. 4.3.4 Transfer and discharge area — Drawing-in hazard between a belt and driving wheel, between belt and supports, and between two belts. 4.4 Saddle filleting machines – specific mechanical hazards 4.4.1 Saddle turning area — Drawing-in hazard by the moving saddles; — crushing hazard between a saddle and machine parts, and between two closing chain/saddle parts. 4.4.2 In-feed area — Hazards generated by unhealthy body postures. SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 15 4.4.3 Entrance to cutting area — Drawing-in hazard by a saddle; — squeezing hazard between a saddle and fixed machine parts. 4.4.4 Processing area — Cutting, severing and crushing hazards by the rotating knives and wheels during processing; — cutting hazard on knives during cleaning and replacement; — puncture hazard by belts and chains with sharp nails; — ejection of liquid and remains of meat. 4.4.5 Transfer/discharge area — Drawing-in hazard by the moving saddles; — shearing and crushing hazards by running belts and pulleys and chains; — ejection of liquid and remains of meat; — puncture hazard by sharp nails on belts and chains. 4.5 Heading machine – specific mechanical hazards 4.5.1 Knife area — Cutting hazard by rotating knives, stationary knives, replacement of knives; — entanglement and drawing-in hazard by rotating shafts. 4.5.2 Cutting area — Cutting hazard by rotating and stationary knives. 4.5.3 In-feed area — Drawing-in hazard by moving feeding belts; — stabling/puncture hazard by spiked bets; — crushing hazard by V-belt drives and chain drives. 4.5.4 Transmission area — Crushing hazard by V-belt drives, gears and chain-drives; — stabbing/puncture hazard by spiked belts. SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 16 4.5.5 Fish insert area — Drawing-in hazard by moving feeding belts; — stabbing/puncture hazard by spiked belts. 4.5.6 Operator’s workplace — Slip and fall hazard by slippery ground; — hazards generated by unhealthy body postures. 4.6 Tail clamp machines – specific mechanical hazards 4.6.1 In-feed area — Crushing hazard by the moving table. 4.6.2 Entrance to processing area — Drawing-in hazard by the tail clamps. 4.6.3 Processing area — Cutting hazard by rotating knives; — entanglement and drawing-in hazard by running chains, rotating wheels and moving tools. 4.6.4 Discharge area — Drawing-in hazard between belt and rotating roll; — crushing between belt and support, and between fish and cover. 4.6.5 Discharge area for offal — Impact hazard by frame and cover during cleaning. 4.7 Electric hazards — Electric hazard from direct or indirect contact with live electric parts. 4.8 Hazard generated by noise — Heading and filleting machines may generate noise, which may result in tinnitus, permanent loss of hearing, stress. 4.9 Hazards from non-compliance with ergonomic principles — Unhealthy posture or excessive physical effort; — inadequate consideration of human anatomy of hand/arm or foot/leg during machine design; — thermal hazards caused by (low) surface temperature of the machine. SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 17 4.10 Hazards from non-compliance with hygienic principles — Microbiological causes: hazard of damage to health of the consumer from entrapped items originating from raw materials, machine parts or other sources causing harm to consumer (food poisoning); — chemical causes: contamination of foodstuff through residues of cleaning and disinfecting agents causing harm to consumer; — microbiological effects on the operator by contact with contaminated parts of the machine or product. 4.11 Hazards from loss of stability — Hazards by impact or crushing if the machine topples over. 4.12 Fall hazards — Fall from an elevated working platform; — slip hazard from wet or contaminated floor. 4.13 Failure of the control system Hazard due to failure or malfunction of the control system. 4.14 Failure of the power supply — Hazards generated by unexpected dangerous movements. 4.15 Hydraulic and pneumatic hazards — Hazards generated by fluid ejection, hose breakage. 4.16 Hazards during interventions — Hazards generated by intervention on a machine that is not in a safe state. SIST EN 15467:2015

EN 15467:2014 (E) 18 4.17 List of significant hazards Table 1 — List of significant hazards Clause/subclause with hazard Location or cause Clause/subclause with requirements 4.2.1 In-feed area 5.3.1,5.3.2 4.2.2 Entrance to processing area 5.3.3 4.2.3 Processing area 5.3.4 4.2.4 Transfer or discharge area 5.3.5 4.3.1 In-feed area 5.4.2 4.3.2 Entrance to processing area 5.4.3 4.3.3 Processing area 5.4.4 4.3.4 Transfer and discharge area 5.4.5 4.4.1 Saddle turning area 5.5.1 4.4.2 In-feed area 5.5.2 4.4.3 Entrance to cutting area 5.5.3 4.4.4 Processing area 5.5.4 4.4.5 Transfer/discharge area 5.5.5 4.5.1 Knife area 5.6.1 4.5.2 Cutting area 5.6.2 4.5.3 In-feed area 5.6.3 4.5.4 Transmission area 5

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