Railway applications - Track - Concrete sleepers and bearers with under sleeper pads

This European Standard is applicable to concrete sleepers or bearers with under sleeper pads physically bonded to concrete used in ballast track and defines the test procedures and their acceptance criteria.
This standard provides particular information in the following areas:
- test methods, test arrangements and acceptance criteria of under sleeper pads;
- test methods, test arrangements and acceptance criteria of concrete sleepers and bearers with under sleeper pads;
- data supplied by the purchaser and by the supplier;
- definition of general process of homologation;
- definition of routine tests.
This standard defines the specific test procedures for under sleeper pads with or without concrete sleepers and bearers:
- fatigue tests;
- capability for stacked stocking of sleepers with USP;
- pull-out test;
- severe environmental condition test.

Bahnanwendungen - Infrastruktur - Gleis- und Weichenschwellen aus Beton mit Schwellenbesohlungen

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Schwellensohlen (USP, en: under sleeper pads) an Gleis- oder Weichen-schwellen aus Beton, welche physikalisch mit dem Beton der Schwelle verbunden sind und im Schotterbett verwendet werden, und legt die Prüfverfahren sowie die Bewertungskriterien fest. Diese Norm enthält spezielle Angaben über folgende Bereiche:
-   Prüfverfahren, Prüfanordnungen und Bewertungskriterien für Schwellensohlen;
-   Prüfverfahren, Prüfanordnungen und Bewertungskriterien für Gleis- und Weichenschwellen aus Beton mit Schwellensohlen;
-   Angaben die vom Kunden und vom Lieferanten bereitzustellen sind;
-   Definition des allgemeinen Prozesses für Bauartzulassungsprüfungen;
-   Definition von Prüfungen zur Qualitätssicherung (Regelprüfungen).
Diese Norm legt die speziellen Prüfverfahren für Bauartzulassungsprüfungen und Prüfungen zur Qualitätssicherung sowie die Prüfungen fest, die die Bestimmung der maßgeblichen Eigenschaften von Schwellensohlen mit oder ohne Gleis- und Weichenschwellen aus Beton betreffen:
-   Ermüdungsprüfungen;
-   Prüfungen der Stapellagerungsfähigkeit von Gleis- oder Weichenschwellen aus Beton mit USP;
-   Abreißprüfung;
-   Prüfung unter extremen Umweltbedingungen.
Diese Norm legt auch Verfahren zur Prüfung der Gebrauchstauglichkeit fest und sie enthält Informationen hinsichtlich der Qualitätsüberwachung als Teil der Verfahren zur Qualitätssicherung. Diese Norm enthält hingegen keine Anforderungen, welche die Eigenschaften von Schwellensohlen betreffen. Es liegt in der Verantwortung des Kunden, diese Anforderungen festzulegen.

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Traverses et supports en béton avec semelles sous traverse

La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux traverses ou aux supports en béton, avec une semelle sous traverse (USP) physiquement liée au béton, posés sur les voies ballastées et définit les modes opératoires d'essai et leurs critères d'évaluation. Cette norme donne des informations particulières dans les domaines suivants :
-   méthodes d'essai, montages des essais et critères d'évaluation des semelles sous traverse ;
-   méthodes d'essai, montages des essais et critères d'évaluation des traverses et des supports en béton avec semelle sous traverse ;
-   données fournies par l'acheteur et par le fournisseur ;
-   définition des processus généraux des essais de qualification ;
-   définition des essais de série.
Cette norme définit les modes opératoires d'essai spécifiques pour les essais de qualification et les essais de routine mais aussi les essais permettant de déterminer les propriétés pertinentes des semelles sous traverse avec ou sans traverse et support en béton :
-   essais de fatigue ;
-   essais de capacité de stockage vertical des traverses ou des supports en béton équipés d'USP ;
-   essai d'arrachement ;
-   essai dans des conditions environnementales extrêmes.
La présente norme établit également des modes opératoires pour les essais d'aptitude à l'emploi et fournit des informations sur la gestion de la qualité dans le cadre des procédures d'assurance qualité. Cette norme ne contient cependant pas les exigences relatives aux propriétés des semelles sous traverse, dont la définition relève de la responsabilité de l'acheteur.

Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj proge - Betonski pragi in nosilci s podpragovnimi podlogami

Ta standard podaja posebne informacije za naslednja področja: – preskusne metode, preskusni postopki in merila sprejemljivosti za podpragovne podloge; – preskusne metode, preskusni postopki in merila sprejemljivosti za betonske prage in nosilce s podpragovnimi podlogami; – podatki, ki jih posreduje proizvajalec ali dobavitelj; – določitev splošnih postopkov homologacije; – določitev rutinskih preskusov. Ta standard določa posebne preskusne postopke za podpragovne podloge z betonskimi pragi in nosilci ali brez njih: – preskusi utrujenosti; – zmožnost skladiščenja naloženih pragov s podpragovnimi podlogami; – izvlečni preskus; – preskus za izredne okoljske razmere.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
17-Aug-2014
Publication Date
22-Aug-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
06-Jul-2016
Due Date
10-Sep-2016
Completion Date
23-Aug-2016

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj proge - Betonski pragi in nosilci s podpragovnimi podlogamiBahnanwendungen - Infrastruktur - Gleis- und Weichenschwellen aus Beton mit SchwellenbesohlungenApplications ferroviaires - Voie - Traverses et supports en béton avec semelles sous traverseRailway applications - Track - Concrete sleepers and bearers with under sleeper pads91.100.30Beton in betonski izdelkiConcrete and concrete products45.080Rails and railway componentsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16730:2016SIST EN 16730:2016en,fr,de01-oktober-2016SIST EN 16730:2016SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16730:2016
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16730
June
t r s x ICS
{ uä s r r English Version

Railway applications æ Track æ Concrete sleepers and bearers with under sleeper pads Applications ferroviaires æ Voie æ Traverses et supports en béton avec semelles sous traverse

Bahnanwendungen æ Oberbau æ Gleisæ und Weichenschwellen aus Beton mit Schwellensohlen This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s t March
t r s xä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s x CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x y u rã t r s x ESIST EN 16730:2016

EN 16730:2016 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8 4 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 11 5 Design approval tests and routine tests .............................................................................................. 12 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12 5.2 Summary of design approval tests and routine tests ...................................................................... 12 5.3 Tests of USP alone and of USP on concrete block ............................................................................. 14 5.3.1 Tensile strength of USP material ............................................................................................................ 14 5.3.2 Static and low frequency dynamic bedding modulus of USP on concrete block with GBP .................................................................................................................................................................... 14 5.3.3 Static and low frequency dynamic bedding modulus of USP alone with GBP ........................ 15 5.3.4 Higher frequency dynamic bedding modulus of USP on concrete block ................................. 15 5.3.5 Fatigue test of USP on concrete block ................................................................................................... 16 5.3.6 Fatigue test of USP on concrete block with GBP ................................................................................ 16 5.3.7 Capability for stacked stocking of sleepers with USP, testing by USP on a concrete block .................................................................................................................................................................. 17 5.3.8 Effect of severe environmental conditions on USP on concrete block ...................................... 17 5.3.9 Resistance to other environmental parameters ............................................................................... 18 5.4 Tests of concrete sleepers and bearers without USP ...................................................................... 18 5.5 Tests of USP on concrete sleepers and bearers ................................................................................. 18 5.5.1 Dimensions and masses of sleepers and bearers with USP .......................................................... 18 5.5.2 Bond strength by pull-out of USP on sleeper and bearer .............................................................. 19 5.5.3 Fatigue test of USP on sleeper .................................................................................................................. 19 5.5.4 Environment and end of life ..................................................................................................................... 20 6 Data to be supplied ...................................................................................................................................... 20 6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20 6.2 Data supplied by the purchaser .............................................................................................................. 20 6.3 Data supplied by the supplier of sleeper with USP .......................................................................... 21 6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21 6.3.2 Before the design approval tests ............................................................................................................ 21 6.3.3 After the design approval tests ............................................................................................................... 22 6.3.4 Prior to first start-up of production ...................................................................................................... 22 7 Rules for use of sleepers and bearers with USP ................................................................................ 22 8 Quality control .............................................................................................................................................. 22 9 Marking, labelling and packaging .......................................................................................................... 23 Annex A (normative)

Geometric Ballast Plate (GBP) ................................................................................... 24 A.1 Design of the GBP ......................................................................................................................................... 24 A.2 Material of GBP ............................................................................................................................................. 24 Annex B (normative)

USP on concrete block ................................................................................................... 27 SIST EN 16730:2016

EN 16730:2016 (E) 3 B.1 Design of the USP on concrete block ...................................................................................................... 27 B.2 Tolerances of USP on concrete block ..................................................................................................... 27 Annex C (normative)

Static and low frequency dynamic bedding modulus of USP on concrete block or of USP alone with GBP ............................................................................................. 29 C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 29 C.2 Static test procedure.................................................................................................................................... 29 C.2.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 29 C.2.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 29 C.2.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 30 C.2.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 32 C.3 Low frequency dynamic test procedure ............................................................................................... 32 C.3.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 32 C.3.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 33 C.3.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 33 C.3.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 35 Annex D (normative)

Fatigue test of USP on concrete block ...................................................................... 36 D.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 36 D.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 36 D.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 37 D.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 39 Annex E (normative)

Bond strength by pull-out of USP on sleeper and bearer .................................. 40 E.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 40 E.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 40 E.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 40 E.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 41 Annex F (normative)

Data sheet ........................................................................................................................... 43 F.1 Data Sheet 1 (for USP Materials) ............................................................................................................. 43 F.2 Data Sheet 2 (for sleepers and bearers with USP) ............................................................................ 44 Annex G (informative)

General design approval tests and the routine tests for the USP and the sleeper with USP .................................................................................................................................... 45 Annex H (informative)

Higher frequency dynamic vertical bedding modulus of USP on concrete block ................................................................................................................................................ 46 H.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 46 H.2 Test arrangement ......................................................................................................................................... 46 H.2.1 Test arrangement for the direct method ............................................................................................. 46 H.2.2 USP on concrete block ................................................................................................................................. 48 H.2.3 Ambient Test temperature ........................................................................................................................ 48 H.2.4 Vibration test velocity ................................................................................................................................. 48 H.3 Test procedure and evaluation ................................................................................................................ 48 H.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 48 H.3.2 Loss factor

.................................................................................................................................................... 48 H.3.3

Hz) ................................................................... 49 H.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 49 Annex I (informative)

Fatigue test of USP on concrete block with GBP ................................................. 50 I.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 50 I.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 50 I.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 51 I.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 52 Annex J (informative)

Capability of stacked storage of sleepers with USP ........................................... 54 SIST EN 16730:2016

EN 16730:2016 (E) 4 J.1 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 54 J.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 54 J.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 55 J.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 56 Annex K (informative)

Static and low frequency dynamic bedding modulus of USP on concrete sleeper or bearer with GBP .................................................................................................... 57 K.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 57 K.2 Static test procedure ................................................................................................................................... 57 K.2.1 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 57 K.2.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 57 K.2.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 58 K.2.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 60 K.3 Low frequency dynamic test procedure .............................................................................................. 61 K.3.1 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 61 K.3.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 61 K.3.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 61 K.3.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 63 Annex L (informative)

Fatigue test on USP on sleeper ................................................................................ 64 L.1 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 64 L.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 64 L.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 65 L.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 67 Annex M (informative)

Alternative fatigue test on USP on sleeper ........................................................ 69 M.1 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 69 M.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 69 M.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 70 M.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 71 Annex N (informative)

Effect of severe environmental conditions on USP on concrete block ..... 73 N.1 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 73 N.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 73 N.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 73 N.4 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 75 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 76

SIST EN 16730:2016

EN 16730:2016 (E) 5 European foreword This document (EN 16730:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2016, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2016. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 16730:2016

EN 16730:2016 (E) 6 Introduction This European Standard relates to the EN 13230 series when the sleepers or bearers are manufactured with Under Sleeper Pad (USP). The USP is an elastic layer fixed to the bottom surface of the sleepers or bearers. This standard applies to the system constituted of the concrete sleepers or bearers and the Under Sleeper Pad.

SIST EN 16730:2016

EN 16730:2016 (E) 7 1 Scope This European Standard is applicable to concrete sleepers or bearers with Under Sleeper Pads (USP) physically bonded to concrete used in ballast track and define the test procedures and their evaluation criteria. This standard provides particular information in the following areas: — test methods, test arrangements and evaluation criteria of Under Sleeper Pads; — test methods, test arrangements and evaluation criteria of concrete sleepers and bearers with Under Sleeper Pads; — data supplied by the purchaser and by the supplier; — definition of general process of design approval tests; — definition of routine tests. This standard defines the specific test procedures for design approval tests, routine tests and tests concerning the determination of relevant properties of Under Sleeper Pad with or without concrete sleepers and bearers: — fatigue tests; — tests of capability for stacked stocking of concrete sleepers or bearers fitted with USP; — pull-out test; — severe environmental condition test. This standard also sets out procedures for testing fitness for purpose and provides information on quality monitoring as part of quality assurance procedures. This standard does not, however, contain requirements pertaining to the properties of Under Sleeper Pads. It is the responsibility of the purchaser to define these requirements 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 206, Concrete - Specification, performance, production and conformity EN 1542, Products and systems for the protection and repair of concrete structures - Test methods - Measurement of bond strength by pull-off EN 10027 (all parts), Designation systems for steels EN 13230-1:2016, Railway applications - Track - Concrete sleepers and bearers - Part 1: General requirements EN 13230-2:2016, Railway applications - Track - Concrete sleepers and bearers - Part 2: Prestressed monoblock sleepers EN 13230-3:2016, Railway applications - Track - Concrete sleepers and bearers - Part 3: Twin-block reinforced sleepers SIST EN 16730:2016

EN 16730:2016 (E) 8 EN 13230-4:2016, Railway applications - Track - Concrete sleepers and bearers - Part 4: Prestressed bearers for switches and crossings EN 13230-5, Railway applications - Track - Concrete sleepers and bearers - Part 5: Special elements EN 13450, Aggregates for railway ballast EN ISO 527 (all parts), Plastics — Determination of tensile properties (ISO 527, all parts) EN ISO 7500-1, Metallic materials - Calibration and verification of static uniaxial testing machines - Part 1: Tension/compression testing machines - Calibration and verification of the force-measuring system (ISO 7500-1) EN ISO 9513:2012, Metallic materials - Calibration of extensometer systems used in uniaxial testing (ISO 9513:2012) EN ISO 22768 (all parts), Permissible machining variations in dimensions without tolerance indication (ISO 2768, all parts) ISO 37, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of tensile stress-strain properties 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 track category TC1 track using concrete sleepers or bearers with under sleeper pads designed for urban light rail and some industrial track with a typical axle load between 100 kN and 130 kN, a typical maximum speed of 100 km/h, a typical rail section of 49E1 (as defined in EN 13674-1) and a typical sleeper or support spacing of 650 mm (maximum 750 mm) 3.2 track category TC2 track using concrete sleepers or bearers with under sleeper pads designed for urban light rail and some industrial track with a typical axle load of 160 kN, a typical maximum speed of 140 km/h, a typical rail section of 54E1 (as defined in EN 13674-1) and a typical sleeper or support spacing of 650 mm 3.3 track category TC3 track using concrete sleepers or bearers with under sleeper pads designed for either: — conventional main line railways with a typical axle load of 225 kN, a typical maximum speed of 200 km/h, a typical rail section of 60E1 (as defined in EN 13674-1) and a typical sleeper or support spacing of 600 mm; or

— track using concrete sleepers or bearers with under sleeper pads designed for lines with large radius curves, often used for high speed trains and having a typical axle load of 200 kN, a typical maximum speed of 320 km/h, a typical rail section of 60E1 (as defined in EN 13674-1), a typical sleeper or support spacing of 600 mm SIST EN 16730:2016

EN 16730:2016 (E) 9 3.4 track category TC4 track using concrete sleepers or bearers with under sleeper pads designed for mixed traffic line carrying heavy freight trains with a typical axle load of 300 kN, a typical maximum speed of 200 km/h, a typical rail section of 60E1 (as defined in EN 13674-1) and a typical sleeper or support spacing of 600 mm 3.5 ballasted track track in which the sleepers or bearers are embedded in the ballast 3.6 sleeper transverse components of the track which control the gauge and transmit loads from the rail to the ballast or other sleeper support 3.7 bearer transverse components of switches and crossings which control the relative geometry of two or more stretches of running rails and different pieces of special track work, and transmit loads from the rails to the ballast or other sleeper support 3.8 Under Sleeper Pad USP elastic layer fixed to the bottom surface of the sleepers or bearers including technologies of bonding between sleepers or bearers and under sleeper pad 3.9 stiffness force per unit deflection measured under a uniaxial force 3.10 bedding modulus pressure (force per surface) per unit deflection and measured under a uniaxial load 3.11 stiffness or bedding modulus stiffness or bedding modulus in vertical direction measured normal to the base of the sleeper where the support is a slab, between two specified applied loads 3.12 static stiffness or bedding modulus force or pressure per unit deflection measured under a uniaxial static load 3.13 dynamic stiffness or bedding modulus force or pressure per unit deflection measured under a cyclic uniaxial load Note 1 to entry: Low frequency dynamic stiffness or bedding modulus: stiffness or bedding modulus measured within the frequency range (2 to 30) Hz (without preloading between defined pressures, see Figure 1). Note 2 to entry: Higher frequency dynamic stiffness or bedding modulus: stiffness or bedding modulus measured within the frequency range (20 to 450) Hz (under preloading conditions see Table H.1, see Figure 1). SIST EN 16730:2016

EN 167
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