Light motorized vehicles for the transportation of persons and goods and related facilities and not subject to type-approval for on-road use - Personal light electric vehicles (PLEV) - Requirements and test methods

This draft European Standard applies to personal light electric vehicles totally or partially electrically powered from self-contained power sources with or without self-balancing system.
This draft European Standard applies to vehicles having battery voltages up to 100VDC, and/or an integrated battery charger with up to a 240VAC input.
It specifies safety requirements, test methods, marking and information relating to personal light electric vehicles to reduce the risk of injuries to both third parties and the user during intend use, i.e. when used as intended and under condition of misuse that are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
This draft tandard does not apply to:
-   vehicles that are considered as toys;
-   vehicles without self-balancing system with a seat;
-   vehicles intended for competition;
-   electrically powered assisted cycle (EPAC);
-   vehicles and/or devices intend for use under medical care;
-   electric vehicles having a maximum speed above 25 Km/h;
-   vehicles having a rated voltage of more than 100VDC or 240VAC.

Nicht-typzugelassene leicht motorisierte Fahrzeuge für den Transport von Personen und Gütern und damit verbundene Einrichtungen - Persönliche leichte Elektrofahrzeuge (PLEV) - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für persönliche leichte Elektrofahrzeuge mit oder ohne selbstbalancierendem System, die vollständig oder teilweise elektrisch durch eigenständige Stromquellen angetrieben werden.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Fahrzeuge mit Batteriespannungen von bis zu 100 V Gleichstrom und/oder mit einem eingebauten Batterieladegerät mit bis zu 240 V Wechselstrom Eingangsspannung.
Sie legt die Sicherheitsanforderungen, Prüfverfahren, Kennzeichnungen und Benutzerinformation für persönliche leichte Elektrofahrzeuge fest, um das Risiko von Verletzungen sowohl für Dritte als auch für den Benutzer während des bestimmungsgemäßen Gebrauchs zu reduzieren, d. h. wenn das Fahrzeug bestimmungsgemäß und unter den Bedingungen eines vernünftigerweise vom Hersteller vorhersehbaren Fehlgebrauchs genutzt wird.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für:
-   Fahrzeuge, die als Spielzeug zu betrachten sind;
-   Fahrzeuge ohne selbstbalancierendes System mit einem Sitzplatz;
-   Fahrzeuge, die für die Benutzung im sportlichen Wettbewerb bestimmt sind;
-   elektromotorisch unterstützte Fahrräder (EPAC);
-   Fahrzeuge und/oder Geräte, die für den Einsatz in der medizinischen Pflege bestimmt sind;
-   Elektrofahrzeuge mit einer Höchstgeschwindigkeit von über 25 km/h;
-   Fahrzeuge mit einer Nennspannung von über 100 V Gleichstrom oder 240 V Wechselstrom.

Véhicules légers motorisés pour le transport de personnes et de marchandises, non homologables pour l’utilisation sur la route, ainsi que les installations d’utilisation - Véhicules électriques personnels légers (PLEV) - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux véhicules électriques personnels légers (PLEV) propulsés totalement ou partiellement par un moteur électrique, à partir de sources d'alimentation autonomes, avec ou sans système d'auto-équilibrage.
La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux véhicules ayant des tensions de batterie allant jusqu'à 100 V en courant continu et/ou un chargeur de batterie intégré avec une tension d'entrée pouvant atteindre 240 V en courant alternatif.  
Elle spécifie les exigences de sécurité, les méthodes d'essai, le marquage et les informations relatives aux véhicules électriques personnels légers, visant à réduire les risques de blessure pour l'utilisateur et pour autrui lors de l'usage prévu, c'est-à-dire lorsque le véhicule est utilisé conformément à sa destination et dans des conditions de mauvais usage raisonnablement prévisibles par le fabricant.
La présente Norme européenne ne s'applique pas :
-   aux véhicules considérés comme des jouets ;
-   aux véhicules disposant d'un siège, sans système d'auto-équilibrage ;
-   aux véhicules prévus pour la compétition ;
-   aux cycles à assistance électrique (EPAC) ;
-   aux véhicules et/ou aux dispositifs prévus pour une utilisation sous contrôle médical ;
-   aux véhicules électriques ayant une vitesse maximale supérieure à 25 km/h ;
-   aux véhicules ayant une tension nominale supérieure à 100 V en courant continu ou supérieure à 240 V en courant alternatif.

Lahka motorna vozila za prevoz ljudi in blaga ter s tem povezanih naprav, za katere ni potrebna homologacija za uporabo v cestnem prometu - Lahka osebna električna vozila (PLEV) - Zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Oct-2017
Publication Date
03-Nov-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 17128:2020
01-december-2020

Lahka motorna vozila za prevoz ljudi in blaga ter s tem povezanih naprav, za katere

ni potrebna homologacija za uporabo v cestnem prometu - Lahka osebna
električna vozila (PLEV) - Zahteve in preskusne metode

Light motorized vehicles for the transportation of persons and goods and related facilities

and not subject to type-approval for on-road use - Personal light electric vehicles (PLEV)

- Requirements and test methods

Nicht-typzugelassene leicht motorisierte Fahrzeuge für den Transport von Personen und

Gütern und damit verbundene Einrichtungen - Persönliche leichte Elektrofahrzeuge
(PLEV) - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Véhicules légers motorisés pour le transport de personnes et de marchandises, non

homologables pour l’utilisation sur la route, ainsi que les installations d’utilisation -

Véhicules électriques personnels légers (PLEV) - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes

d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17128:2020
ICS:
43.120 Električna cestna vozila Electric road vehicles
SIST EN 17128:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 17128:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 17128:2020
EN 17128
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 43.120
English Version
Light motorized vehicles for the transportation of persons
and goods and related facilities and not subject to type-
approval for on-road use - Personal light electric vehicles
(PLEV) - Requirements and test methods

Véhicules légers motorisés pour le transport de Nicht-typzugelassene leicht motorisierte Fahrzeuge für

personnes et de marchandises, non homologables pour den Transport von Personen und Gütern und damit

l'utilisation sur la route, ainsi que les installations verbundene Einrichtungen - Persönliche leichte

d'utilisation - Véhicules électriques personnels légers Elektrofahrzeuge (PLEV) - Sicherheitstechnische

(PLEV) - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 August 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 17128:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 17128:2020
EN 17128:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 10

4 Classes of vehicles ........................................................................................................................................ 15

5 General safety requirements and protective measures ................................................................. 15

6 Electrical components ................................................................................................................................ 15

6.1 General mechanical strength ................................................................................................................... 15

6.2 Electrical power on/off control ............................................................................................................... 16

6.3 Electrical cables and connections .......................................................................................................... 16

6.4 Moisture resistance ..................................................................................................................................... 18

6.5 Resistance to vibration for electric functions .................................................................................... 18

7 Driving power management..................................................................................................................... 20

7.1 Driving power activation ........................................................................................................................... 20

7.2 Power failure of control system .............................................................................................................. 22

7.3 Unintended or unauthorized use of vehicle ....................................................................................... 22

8 Speed limitation ............................................................................................................................................ 23

8.1 Pedestrian mode .......................................................................................................................................... 23

8.2 Maximum speed with power assistance .............................................................................................. 24

8.3 Reverse mode ................................................................................................................................................ 25

9 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 25

9.1 Emission .......................................................................................................................................................... 25

9.2 Immunity ......................................................................................................................................................... 25

9.3 Battery charger ............................................................................................................................................. 26

10 Charging of batteries ................................................................................................................................... 26

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

10.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 26

10.3 Safeguarding and complementary protective measures ............................................................... 27

11 Energy storage within the vehicle .......................................................................................................... 27

11.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 27

11.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 27

12 Structural integrity ...................................................................................................................................... 28

12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 28

12.2 Static load test ............................................................................................................................................... 28

12.3 Frontal impact resistance ......................................................................................................................... 36

12.4 Fatigue test (dynamic)................................................................................................................................ 39

12.5 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 43

13 Edges and protrusions ................................................................................................................................ 43

13.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 43

13.2 Sharp edges .................................................................................................................................................... 43

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SIST EN 17128:2020
EN 17128:2020 (E)

13.3 Protrusions ..................................................................................................................................................... 43

14 Moving parts ................................................................................................................................................... 43

14.1 Clearance between moving parts ............................................................................................................ 43

14.2 Guarding of moving parts .......................................................................................................................... 44

14.3 Folding mechanism ...................................................................................................................................... 44

15 Adequate stability (see D.10) ................................................................................................................... 45

15.1 Footrest/ deck................................................................................................................................................ 45

15.2 Handlebar adjustment ................................................................................................................................ 45

15.3 Surface .............................................................................................................................................................. 46

15.4 Braking devices ............................................................................................................................................. 47

16 Presence awareness .................................................................................................................................... 51

16.1 Lighting ............................................................................................................................................................. 51

16.2 Audible warning to alert persons ........................................................................................................... 51

17 System failure and malfunction warning devices ............................................................................. 52

17.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 52

17.2 Audible/ vibrating signalling ................................................................................................................... 52

17.3 Loss of connection to the warning system ........................................................................................... 52

18 Hot surfaces .................................................................................................................................................... 52

18.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 52

18.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 52

19 Product information and marking ......................................................................................................... 53

19.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 53

19.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 53

19.3 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 54

19.4 Instructions for use ...................................................................................................................................... 55

19.5 Instructions on servicing and maintenance ........................................................................................ 58

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ......................................................................................... 59

Annex B (normative) Electromagnetic compatibility of vehicle ............................................................... 60

B.1 Conditions applying to vehicle and to electrical/electronic sub-assemblies (ESA) ............. 60

B.2 Method of measuring broad-band electromagnetic radiation from vehicle ........................... 63

B.3 Method of measuring narrow band electromagnetic radiation from vehicles ...................... 64

B.4 Methods of testing vehicle immunity to electromagnetic radiation .......................................... 64

B.5 Method of measuring broad-band electromagnetic radiation from separate technical

units (ESA) ....................................................................................................................................................... 68

B.6 Method of measuring narrow-band electromagnetic radiation from separate

technical units (ESAs).................................................................................................................................. 69

B.7 Methods of testing the ESA immunity to electromagnetic radiation ......................................... 69

B.8 ESD test ............................................................................................................................................................. 71

Annex C (informative) Example of recommendation for battery charging .......................................... 72

Annex D (informative) Rationale ......................................................................................................................... 73

D.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 73

D.2 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 73

D.3 Power limits .................................................................................................................................................... 73

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SIST EN 17128:2020
EN 17128:2020 (E)

D.4 Thermal hazards .......................................................................................................................................... 73

D.5 Protective function ...................................................................................................................................... 74

D.6 Entrapment hazards.................................................................................................................................... 74

D.7 Hazards due to moving parts ................................................................................................................... 74

D.8 Hazardous edges, corners and protruding parts .............................................................................. 74

D.9 Hazards from inadequate structural integrity .................................................................................. 74

D.10 Hazards due to inadequate stability ..................................................................................................... 74

D.11 EMC requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 74

D.12 Driving power management..................................................................................................................... 77

D.13 Vibration hazard........................................................................................................................................... 78

D.14 Lightning ......................................................................................................................................................... 78

D.15 Noise ................................................................................................................................................................. 78

D.16 Unintended and unauthorized use ........................................................................................................ 78

D.17 Driving power management..................................................................................................................... 78

Annex E (informative) Examples of vehicles ................................................................................................... 79

Annex F (normative) Light, warning device, on-off symbols .................................................................... 82

Annex G (informative) Types of parking devices ........................................................................................... 83

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 85

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SIST EN 17128:2020
EN 17128:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 17128:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 354 “Light

motorized vehicles for the transportation of persons and goods and related facilities and not subject to

type-approval for on-road use”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 17128:2020
EN 17128:2020 (E)
Introduction

This document has been developed in response to an increased demand throughout Europe for light

electrically powered vehicles of a type which are excluded from the scope of Regulation (EU)

No 168/2013.

This has created the possibility to initiate a European standardization work for personal light electric

vehicles. Such standardization will help manufacturers to ensure that safe products are put into the

European market, will give to testing institutes common guidelines to assess the products, will initiate

confidence to users and also be useful to convince member states to apply harmonized rules for the use

of these vehicles with the aim decrease uncertainty due to different national regulation.

This document will not deal with topics like comfort of the user, quality of the product or ergonomic

issues unless there is an impact on the safety of the user.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C

standard.
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SIST EN 17128:2020
EN 17128:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document applies to personal light electric vehicles totally or partially electrically powered from

self-contained power sources with or without self-balancing system, with exception of vehicles intended

for hire from unattended station.

This document applies to personal light electric vehicles with or without self-balancing system totally or

partially electrically powered from self-contained power sources having battery voltages up to 100 VDC,

with or without an integrated battery charger with up to a 240 VAC input. This document specifies safety

requirements, test methods, marking and information relating to personal light electric vehicles to reduce

the risk of injuries to both third parties and the user during intended use, i.e. when used as intended and

under conditions of misuse that are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
This document does not apply to:
— vehicles that are considered as toys;
— vehicles without self-balancing system with a seat;
— vehicles intended for competition;
— electrically powered assisted cycles (EPAC);
— vehicles and/or devices intend for use for medical care;
— electric vehicles having a maximum design speed above 25 Km/h;
— vehicles having a rated voltage of more than 100 VDC or 240 VAC;
— vehicles without an on-board driving operator.

NOTE 1 EN ISO 13482 gives the requirements for vehicles without on-board driving operator.

NOTE 2 See D.2.

NOTE 3 The local regulation could limit the use of the vehicle to a speed lower than 25 km/h.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 3744:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure — Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO

3744:2010)

EN 22248:1992, Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Vertical impact test by dropping

(ISO 2248:1985)

EN IEC 55012:— , Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines — Radio disturbance characteristics —

Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of off-board receivers (CISPR 12)

Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: FprEN IEC 55012:2018.
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SIST EN 17128:2020
EN 17128:2020 (E)

EN 55025:2017, Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines — Radio disturbance characteristics —

Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of on-board receivers (CISPR 25)

EN 60068-2-64:2008, Environmental testing — Part 2-64: Tests — Test Fh: Vibration, broadband random

and guidance (IEC 60068-2-64)

EN 60068-2-75:2014, Environmental testing — Part 2-75: Tests — Test Eh: Hammer tests

(IEC 60068-2-75)

EN 60335-1:2012, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60335-1:2010)

EN 60335-2-29:2004, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 2-29: Particular

requirements for battery chargers (IEC 60335-2-29)

HD 60364-5-52:2011, Low-voltage electrical installations — Part 5-52: Selection and erection of electrical

equipment — Wiring systems

EN 60384-14:2013, Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment — Part 14: Sectional specification —

Fixed capacitors for electromagnetic interference suppression and connection to the supply mains

EN 61000-4-2:2009, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 4-2: Testing and measurement

techniques — Electrostatic discharge immunity test (IEC 61000-4-2)

EN IEC 61000-6-1:2019, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-1: Generic standards — Immunity

for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-1)

EN 61000-6-3:2007, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-3: Generic standards — Emission

standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-3)

EN 61140:2016, Protection against electric shock — Common aspects for installation and equipment

EN 61558-1:2005, Safety of power transformers, power supplies, reactors and similar products — Part 1:

General requirements and tests

EN 61558-2-16:2009, Safety of transformers, reactors, power supply units and similar products for supply

voltages up to 1 100 V — Part 2-16: Particular requirements and tests for switch mode power supply units

and transformers for switch mode power supply units

EN 61851:2001 (all parts), Electric vehicle conductive charging system (IEC 61851)

EN 60204-1:2018, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60204-1)

EN 62133 (all parts), Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes —

Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in

portable applications (IEC 62133)

ISO 6742-1:2015, Cycles — Lighting and retro-reflective devices — Part 1: Lighting and light signalling

devices

ISO 6742-2:2015, Cycles — Lighting and retro-reflective devices — Part 2: Retro-reflective devices

ISO 14878:2015, Cycles — Audible warning devices — Technical specification and test methods

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SIST EN 17128:2020
EN 17128:2020 (E)

EN IEC 62485 (all parts), Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations (IEC 62485)

ISO 11451-1, Road vehicles — Vehicle test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated

electromagnetic energy — Part 1: General principles and terminology

ISO 11452-1:2015, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 1: General principles and terminology

ISO 11452-2:2019, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 2: Absorber-lined shielded enclosure
ISO 11452-3:2016, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
kSIST FprEN 17128:2020
Lahka motorna vozila za prevoz ljudi in blaga ter s tem povezanih naprav in za
katere ni potrebna homologacija za uporabo na cesti - Lahka osebna električna
vozila (PLEV) - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Light motorized vehicles for the transportation of persons and goods and related facilities

and not subject to type-approval for on-road use - Personal light electric vehicles (PLEV)

- Safety requirements and test methods

Motorisierte (ride-on) Fahrzeuge ohne Zulassung für den öffentlichen Straßenverkehr,

bestimmt für den Transport von Personen und Gütern - Side-by-Side-Fahrzeuge -
Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Véhicules motorisés légers non soumis à la réception par type pour le transport de

personnes, de marchandises ainsi que d’autres équipements - Véhicules tout terrain

(VTT - Quads) et véhicules côte à côte - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d’essai

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17128:2020
ICS:
43.120 Električna cestna vozila Electric road vehicles
kSIST FprEN 17128:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN 17128:2020
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kSIST FprEN 17128:2020
FINAL DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
FprEN 17128
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2020
ICS 43.120
English Version
Light motorized vehicles for the transportation of persons
and goods and related facilities and not subject to type-
approval for on-road use - Personal light electric vehicles
(PLEV) - Safety requirements and test methods

Véhicules légers motorisés pour le transport de Nicht-Typ zugelassene leicht motorisierte Fahrzeuge

personnes et de marchandises, non homologables pour für den Transport von Personen und Gütern und damit

l'utilisation sur la route, ainsi que les installations verbundene Einrichtungen - Persönliche leichte

d'utilisation - Véhicules électriques personnels légers Elektrofahrzeuge (PLEV) - Sicherheitstechnische

(PLEV) - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for second formal vote. It has been drawn up by the Technical

Committee CEN/TC 354.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. FprEN 17128:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN 17128:2020
FprEN 17128:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9

4 Classes of vehicles ........................................................................................................................................ 14

5 General safety requirements and protective measures ................................................................. 15

6 Electrical components ................................................................................................................................ 15

6.1 General mechanical strength ................................................................................................................... 15

6.2 Electrical power on/off control ............................................................................................................... 15

6.3 Electrical cables and connections .......................................................................................................... 16

6.4 Moisture resistance ..................................................................................................................................... 17

6.5 Resistance to vibration for electric functions .................................................................................... 17

7 Driving power management..................................................................................................................... 19

7.1 Driving power activation ........................................................................................................................... 19

7.2 Power failure of control system .............................................................................................................. 22

7.3 Unintended or unauthorized use of vehicle ....................................................................................... 22

8 Speed limitation ............................................................................................................................................ 22

8.1 Pedestrian mode .......................................................................................................................................... 22

8.2 Maximum speed with power assistance .............................................................................................. 24

8.3 Reverse mode ................................................................................................................................................ 25

9 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 25

9.1 Emission .......................................................................................................................................................... 25

9.2 Immunity ......................................................................................................................................................... 25

9.3 Battery charger ............................................................................................................................................. 25

10 Charging of batteries ................................................................................................................................... 26

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

10.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 26

10.3 Safeguarding and complementary protective measures ............................................................... 26

11 Energy storage within the vehicle .......................................................................................................... 27

11.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 27

11.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 27

12 Structural integrity ...................................................................................................................................... 27

12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 27

12.2 Static load test ............................................................................................................................................... 28

12.3 Frontal impact resistance ......................................................................................................................... 35

12.4 Fatigue test (dynamic)................................................................................................................................ 38

12.5 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 42

13 Edges and protrusions ................................................................................................................................ 42

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13.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 42

13.2 Sharp edges ..................................................................................................................................................... 42

13.3 Protrusions ..................................................................................................................................................... 42

14 Moving parts ................................................................................................................................................... 42

14.1 Clearance between moving parts ............................................................................................................ 42

14.2 Guarding of moving parts .......................................................................................................................... 43

14.3 Folding mechanism ...................................................................................................................................... 43

15 Adequate stability (see D.10) ................................................................................................................... 44

15.1 Footrest/ deck................................................................................................................................................ 44

15.2 Handlebar adjustment ................................................................................................................................ 44

15.3 Surface .............................................................................................................................................................. 45

15.4 Braking devices ............................................................................................................................................. 46

16 Presence awareness .................................................................................................................................... 50

16.1 Lighting ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

16.2 Audible warning to alert persons ........................................................................................................... 50

17 System failure and malfunction warning devices ............................................................................. 51

17.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 51

17.2 Audible/ vibrating signalling ................................................................................................................... 51

17.3 Loss of connection to the warning system ........................................................................................... 51

18 Hot surfaces .................................................................................................................................................... 51

18.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 51

18.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 51

19 Product information and marking ......................................................................................................... 52

19.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 52

19.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 52

19.3 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 53

19.4 Instructions for use ...................................................................................................................................... 54

19.5 Instructions on servicing and maintenance ........................................................................................ 57

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ......................................................................................... 58

Annex B (normative) Electromagnetic compatibility of vehicle ............................................................... 59

B.1 Conditions applying to vehicle and to electrical/electronic sub-assemblies (ESA) ............. 59

B.2 Method of measuring broad-band electromagnetic radiation from vehicle ........................... 62

B.3 Method of measuring narrow band electromagnetic radiation from vehicles ...................... 63

B.4 Methods of testing vehicle immunity to electromagnetic radiation .......................................... 63

B.5 Method of measuring broad-band electromagnetic radiation from separate technical

units (ESA) ....................................................................................................................................................... 67

B.6 Method of measuring narrow-band electromagnetic radiation from separate

technical units (ESAs).................................................................................................................................. 68

B.7 Methods of testing the ESA immunity to electromagnetic radiation ......................................... 68

B.8 ESD test ............................................................................................................................................................. 70

Annex C (informative) Example of recommendation for battery charging .......................................... 71

Annex D (informative) Rational ........................................................................................................................... 72

D.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 72

D.2 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 72

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D.3 Power limits ................................................................................................................................................... 72

D.4 Thermal hazards .......................................................................................................................................... 72

D.5 Protective function ...................................................................................................................................... 73

D.6 Entrapment hazards.................................................................................................................................... 73

D.7 Hazards due to moving parts ................................................................................................................... 73

D.8 Hazardous edges, corners and protruding parts .............................................................................. 73

D.9 Hazards from inadequate structural integrity .................................................................................. 73

D.10 Hazards due to inadequate stability ..................................................................................................... 73

D.11 EMC requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 73

D.12 Driving power management..................................................................................................................... 77

D.13 Vibration hazard........................................................................................................................................... 77

D.14 Lightning ......................................................................................................................................................... 77

D.15 Noise ................................................................................................................................................................. 77

D.16 Unintended and unauthorized use ........................................................................................................ 78

D.17 Driving power management..................................................................................................................... 78

Annex E (informative) Examples of vehicles ................................................................................................... 79

Annex F (normative) Light, warning device, on-off symbols .................................................................... 81

Annex G (informative) Types of parking devices ........................................................................................... 82

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 84

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European foreword

This document (FprEN 17128:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 354 “Light

motorized vehicles for the transportation of persons and goods and related facilities and not subject to

type-approval for on-road use”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.
This document is currently submitted to the 2nd formal vote.
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kSIST FprEN 17128:2020
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Introduction

This document has been developed in response to an increased demand throughout Europe for light

electrically powered vehicles of a type which are excluded from the scope of Regulation (EU)

No 168/2013.

This has created the possibility to initiate a European standardization work for personal light electric

vehicles. Such standardization will help manufacturers to ensure that safe products are put into the

European market, will give to testing institutes common guidelines to assess the products, will initiate

confidence to users and also be useful to convince member states to apply harmonized rules for the use

of these vehicles with the aim decrease uncertainty due to different national regulation.

This document will not deal with topics like comfort of the user, quality of the product or ergonomic

issues unless there is an impact on the safety of the user.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance etc.)

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C

standard.
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1 Scope

This document applies to personal light electric vehicles totally or partially electrically powered from

self-contained power sources with or without self-balancing system, with exception of vehicles intended

for hire from unattended station.

This document applies to personal light electric vehicles with or without self-balancing system totally or

partially electrically powered from self-contained power sources having battery voltages up to 100 VDC,

with or without an integrated battery charger with up to a 240 VAC input. This document specifies safety

requirements, test methods, marking and information relating to personal light electric vehicles to reduce

the risk of injuries to both third parties and the user during intended use, i.e. when used as intended and

under conditions of misuse that are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
This document does not apply to:
— vehicles that are considered as toys;
— vehicles without self-balancing system with a seat;
— vehicles intended for competition;
— electrically powered assisted cycles (EPAC);
— vehicles and/or devices intend for use for medical care;
— electric vehicles having a maximum design speed above 25 Km/h;
— vehicles having a rated voltage of more than 100 VDC or 240 VAC;
— vehicles without an on-board driving operator.

NOTE 1 EN ISO 13482 gives the requirements for vehicles without on-board driving operator.

NOTE 2 See D.2.

NOTE 3 The local regulation could limit the use of the vehicle to a speed lower than 25 km/h.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 3744:2010, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources

using sound pressure - Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO

3744:2010)

EN 22248:1992, Packaging - Complete, filled transport packages - Vertical impact test by dropping

(ISO 2248:1985)

FprEN IEC 55012:2018, Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines - Radio disturbance characteristics

- Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of off-board receivers (CISPR 12)

EN 55025:2017, Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines — Radio disturbance characteristics —

Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of on-board receivers (CISPR 25)

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EN 60068-2-64:2008, Environmental testing - Part 2-64: Tests - Test Fh: Vibration, broadband random and

guidance (IEC 60068-2-64)

EN 60068-2-75:2014, Environmental testing - Part 2-75: Tests - Test Eh: Hammer tests (IEC 60068-2-75)

EN 60335-1:2012, Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60335-1:2010)

EN 60335-2-29:2004, Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-29: Particular

requirements for battery chargers (IEC 60335-2-29)

HD 60364-5-52:2011, Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 5-52: Selection and erection of electrical

equipment - Wiring systems

EN 60384-14:2013, Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment - Part 14: Sectional specification - Fixed

capacitors for electromagnetic interference suppression and connection to the supply mains

EN 61000-4-2:2009, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-2: Testing and measurement techniques

- Electrostatic discharge immunity test (IEC 61000-4-2)

EN IEC 61000-6-1:2019, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-1: Generic standards - Immunity for

residential, commercial and light-industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-1)

EN 61000-6-3:2007, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-3: Generic standards - Emission

standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-3)

EN 61140:2016, Protection against electric shock - Common aspects for installation and equipment

EN 61558-1:2005, Safety of power transformers, power supplies, reactors and similar products - Part 1:

General requirements and tests

EN 61558-2-16:2009, Safety of transformers, reactors, power supply units and similar products for supply

voltages up to 1 100 V - Part 2-16: Particular requirements and tests for switch mode power supply units

and transformers for switch mode power supply units

EN 61851:2001 (all parts), Electric vehicle conductive charging system (IEC 61851)

EN 60204-1:2018, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60204-1)

EN 62133 (all parts), Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes —

Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in

portable applications (IEC 62133)

ISO 6742-1:2015, Cycles — Lighting and retro-reflective devices — Part 1: Lighting and light signalling

devices

ISO 6742-2:2015, Cycles — Lighting and retro-reflective devices — Part 2: Retro-reflective devices

ISO 14878:2015, Cycles — Audible warning devices — Technical specification and test methods

EN IEC 62485 (all parts), Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations (IEC 62485)

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ISO 11451-1, Road vehicles — Vehicle test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated

electromagnetic energy — Part 1: General principles and terminology

ISO 11452-1:2015, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 1: General principles and terminology

ISO 11452-2:2019, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 2: Absorber-lined shielded enclosure

ISO 11452-3:2016, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 3: Transverse electromagnetic (TEM) cell

ISO 11452-4:2020, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 4: Harness excitation methods

ISO 11452-5:2002, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 5: Stripline
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
kSIST FprEN 17128:2020
Lahka motorna vozila za prevoz ljudi in blaga ter s tem povezanih naprav in za
katere ni potrebna homologacija za uporabo na cesti - Lahka osebna električna
vozila (PLEV) - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Light motorized vehicles for the transportation of persons and goods and related facilities

and not subject to type-approval for on-road use - Personal light electric vehicles (PLEV)

- Safety requirements and test methods

Motorisierte (ride-on) Fahrzeuge ohne Zulassung für den öffentlichen Straßenverkehr,

bestimmt für den Transport von Personen und Gütern - Side-by-Side-Fahrzeuge -
Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Véhicules motorisés légers non soumis à la réception par type pour le transport de

personnes, de marchandises ainsi que d’autres équipements - Véhicules tout terrain

(VTT - Quads) et véhicules côte à côte - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d’essai

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17128:2020
ICS:
43.120 Električna cestna vozila Electric road vehicles
kSIST FprEN 17128:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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kSIST FprEN 17128:2020
FINAL DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
FprEN 17128
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2018
ICS 43.120
English Version
Light motorized vehicles for the transportation of persons
and goods and related facilities and not subject to type-
approval for on-road use - Personal light electric vehicles
(PLEV) - Safety requirements and test methods

Véhicules légers motorisés non soumis à réception Nicht-Typ zugelassene leicht motorisierte Fahrzeuge

pour le transport de personnes, de marchandises ainsi für den Transport von Personen und Gütern und damit

que les installations d'utilisation - Véhicules verbundene Einrichtungen - Persönliche leichte

électriques personnels légers (PLEV) - Exigences de Elektrofahrzeuge (PLEV) - Sicherheitstechnische

sécurité et méthodes d'essai Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for formal vote. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 354.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. FprEN 17128:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................. 10

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 12

4 Classes of vehicles ........................................................................................................................................ 16

5 General safety requirements and protective measures ................................................................. 17

6 Electrical components ................................................................................................................................ 17

6.1 General mechanical strength ................................................................................................................... 17

6.2 Electrical power on/off control ............................................................................................................... 18

6.3 Electrical cables and connections .......................................................................................................... 18

6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.3.2 Cable and plugs ............................................................................................................................................. 18

6.3.3 Wiring ............................................................................................................................................................... 18

6.3.4 Wiring harness .............................................................................................................................................. 19

6.3.5 Power cables and conduits ....................................................................................................................... 19

6.3.6 External and internal electrical connections ..................................................................................... 19

6.4 Moisture resistance ..................................................................................................................................... 19

6.5 Resistance to vibration for electric functions .................................................................................... 19

6.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 19

6.5.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 20

7 Driving power management..................................................................................................................... 21

7.1 Driving power activation ........................................................................................................................... 21

7.1.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 21

7.1.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 23

7.2 Power failure of control system .............................................................................................................. 24

7.3 Unintended or unauthorized use of vehicle ....................................................................................... 24

8 Speed limitation ............................................................................................................................................ 24

8.1 Pedestrian mode .......................................................................................................................................... 24

8.2 Speed limited to 6km/h ............................................................................................................................. 24

8.2.1 Requirement .................................................................................................................................................. 24

8.2.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 24

8.3 Maximum speed mode ............................................................................................................................... 25

8.3.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 25

8.3.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 25

8.4 Reverse mode ................................................................................................................................................ 26

8.4.1 Requirement .................................................................................................................................................. 26

8.4.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 26

9 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 26

9.1 Emission .......................................................................................................................................................... 26

9.2 Immunity ......................................................................................................................................................... 26

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10 Charging of batteries ................................................................................................................................... 26

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

10.2 Safeguarding and complementary protective measures ............................................................... 27

11 Energy storage within the vehicle .......................................................................................................... 27

11.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 27

11.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 27

12 Structural integrity ...................................................................................................................................... 28

12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 28

12.1.1 Numbers and conditioning of samples ................................................................................................. 28

12.1.2 Test condition tolerances .......................................................................................................................... 28

12.1.3 Crack detection .............................................................................................................................................. 28

12.2 Static load test ................................................................................................................................................ 28

12.2.1 Deck/frame ..................................................................................................................................................... 28

12.2.2 Handle bar and steering column ............................................................................................................. 30

12.3 Frontal impact resistance .......................................................................................................................... 35

12.3.1 Requirements for class 2 ........................................................................................................................... 35

12.3.2 Test method for vehicle of class 2 ........................................................................................................... 36

12.3.3 Requirements for class 4 ........................................................................................................................... 37

12.3.4 Test method for vehicle of class 4 ........................................................................................................... 37

12.4 Fatigue test (dynamic) ................................................................................................................................ 38

12.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38

12.4.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 38

12.4.3 Test method for a 2-wheeled single track vehicle ............................................................................ 38

12.4.4 Test method for a 3-wheeled vehicle..................................................................................................... 39

12.4.5 Test method for a self-balancing vehicle ............................................................................................. 40

13 Edges and protrusions ................................................................................................................................ 41

13.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 41

13.2 Sharp edges ..................................................................................................................................................... 41

13.3 Protrusions ..................................................................................................................................................... 41

14 Moving parts ................................................................................................................................................... 41

14.1 Clearance between moving parts ............................................................................................................ 41

14.2 Guarding of moving parts .......................................................................................................................... 42

14.3 Folding mechanism ...................................................................................................................................... 42

14.3.1 General requirement ................................................................................................................................... 42

14.3.2 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 43

15 Adequate stability (see D.10) ................................................................................................................... 43

15.1 Footrest/ deck................................................................................................................................................ 43

15.2 Handlebar adjustment ................................................................................................................................ 43

15.3 Surface .............................................................................................................................................................. 44

15.3.1 Slippery surface ............................................................................................................................................. 44

15.3.2 Irregular surface ........................................................................................................................................... 45

15.4 Braking devices ............................................................................................................................................. 45

15.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 45

15.4.2 Braking performance .................................................................................................................................. 45

15.4.3 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 46

16 Presence awareness .................................................................................................................................... 49

16.1 Visual signalling ............................................................................................................................................ 49

16.1.1 Retro-reflector for presence awareness .............................................................................................. 49

16.1.2 Front and rear lightning for presence awareness ............................................................................ 49

16.2 Audible signal for third parties ............................................................................................................... 49

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17 Failure and malfunction warning ........................................................................................................... 49

17.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 49

17.2 Audible/ vibrating signalling ................................................................................................................... 49

17.3 Loss of connection to the warning system .......................................................................................... 49

18 Hot surfaces .................................................................................................................................................... 50

18.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 50

18.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 50

19 Product information and marking ......................................................................................................... 50

19.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

19.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 50

19.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

19.2.2 Durability of marking of the frame or chasis ..................................................................................... 51

19.2.3 Battery .............................................................................................................................................................. 51

19.2.4 Tyres ................................................................................................................................................................. 51

19.3 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 51

19.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 51

19.3.2 Information at point of sale ...................................................................................................................... 52

19.3.3 Information on the packaging ................................................................................................................. 52

19.4 Instructions for use ..................................................................................................................................... 53

19.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 53

19.4.2 Noise emission .............................................................................................................................................. 55

19.4.3 Battery charging ........................................................................................................................................... 56

19.5 Instructions on servicing and maintenance ....................................................................................... 56

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ......................................................................................... 57

Annex B (normative) Electromagnetic compatibility of vehicle .............................................................. 58

B.1 Conditions applying to vehicle and to electrical/electronic sub-assemblies (ESA) ............. 58

B.1.1 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 58

B.1.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 58

B.1.2.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 58

B.1.2.2 Broad-band radiation from vehicles ..................................................................................................... 60

B.1.2.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................................... 60

B.1.2.2.2 Vehicle reference limits (broad-band) ........................................................................................ 60

B.1.2.3 Requirements relating to narrow-band radiation emissions from vehicles .......................... 60

B.1.2.3.1 General .................................................................................................................................................... 60

B.1.2.3.2 Vehicle reference limits for vehicle narrow-band radiation ............................................... 60

B.1.2.4 Requirements regarding vehicle immunity to electromagnetic radiation ............................. 60

B.1.2.4.1 Measuring method ............................................................................................................................... 60

B.1.2.4.2 Vehicle immunity reference limits ................................................................................................ 61

B.1.2.5 Requirements concerning broad-band ESA radiation .................................................................... 61

B.1.2.5.1 Measuring method ............................................................................................................................... 61

B.1.2.5.2 ESA broad-band reference limits ................................................................................................... 61

B.1.2.6 Requirements concerning narrow-band ESA radiation emission .............................................. 61

B.1.2.6.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................................................... 61

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B.1.2.6.2 ESA narrow-band reference limits ................................................................................................. 61

B.1.2.7 Requirements concerning ESA immunity to electromagnetic radiation .................................. 61

B.1.2.7.1 Method of measurement .................................................................................................................... 61

B.1.2.7.2 ESA immunity reference limits ........................................................................................................ 62

B.2 Method of measuring broad-band electromagnetic radiation from vehicle ........................... 62

B.2.1 Measuring equipment ................................................................................................................................. 62

B.2.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 62

B.2.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 62

B.2.2.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 62

B.2.2.3 State of the vehicle during the test ......................................................................................................... 62

B.2.2.4 Antenna type, position and orientation ............................................................................................... 62

B.2.3 Measurement ................................................................................................................................................. 62

B.3 Method of measuring narrow band electromagnetic radiation from vehicles ...................... 62

B.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 62

B.3.1.1 Measuring equipment ................................................................................................................................. 62

B.3.1.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 63

B.3.1.3 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 63

B.3.1.4 State of the vehicle during the tests ....................................................................................................... 63

B.3.2 Antenna type, position and orientation ............................................................................................... 63

B.4 Methods of testing vehicle immunity to electromagnetic radiation .......................................... 63

B.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 63

B.4.2 Expression of results ................................................................................................................................... 63

B.4.3 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 63

B.4.4 State of the vehicle during the tests ....................................................................................................... 63

B.4.5 Type, position and orientation of the field generator ..................................................................... 64

B.4.5.1 Type of field generator ............................................................................................................................... 64

B.4.5.2 Measurement height and distance ......................................................................................................... 64

B.4.5.2.1 Height......................................................................................................................

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