Child use and care articles - Safety barriers - Safety requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies the safety requirements and test methods for child safety barriers for domestic indoor use which are designed to be fitted across openings to limit a child's access inside the home and to prevent young children up to 24 months of age passing through.

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Kinderschutzgitter - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt die sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen und die Prüfverfahren für Kinder-Schutzgitter zur Verwendung im Wohnbereich fest; diese sind an Öffnungen so zu befestigen, dass die Zu-gangsmöglichkeiten eines Kindes innerhalb des Hauses eingeschränkt sind, um so Kinder im Alter bis 24 Monaten am Durchgang zu hindern. Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Produkte, die an Fenstern zu befestigen sind.

Articles de puériculture - Barrières de sécurité - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d'essai applicables aux barrières de sécurité pour enfants, à usage domestique intérieur, destinées à être montées en travers des ouvertures afin de restreindre l'accès des enfants à certaines zones à l'intérieur du domicile. Ces barrières sont destinées à empêcher le passage aux enfants en bas âge et jusqu'à 24 mois. La présente Norme européenne ne s'applique pas aux produits destinés à être montés en travers des fenêtres.

Izdelki za otroke - Varnostne pregrade - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za otroške varnostne pregrade za domačo uporabo v notranjih prostorih, ki so zasnovane za namestitev na odprtine in s katerimi se otrokom v bivalnih prostorih omeji dostop, otrokom, mlajšim od 24 mesecev, pa prehod.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
19-Mar-2010
Publication Date
04-Jan-2012
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
27-Dec-2011
Due Date
02-Mar-2012
Completion Date
05-Jan-2012

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Standards Content (Sample)

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Izdelki za otroke - Varnostne pregrade - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metodeArtikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Kinderschutzgitter - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenArticles de puériculture - Barrières de sécurité - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essaiChild use and care articles - Safety barriers - Safety requirements and test methods97.190Otroška opremaEquipment for childrenICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1930:2011SIST EN 1930:2012en,fr,de01-februar-2012SIST EN 1930:2012SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1930:2002/A1:2006SIST EN 1930:20021DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1930:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1930
December 2011 ICS 97.190 Supersedes EN 1930:2000English Version

Child use and care articles - Safety barriers - Safety requirements and test methods

Articles de puériculture - Barrières de sécurité - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Kinderschutzgitter - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on 22 October 2011.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2011 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 1930:2011: ESIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................41Scope ......................................................................................................................................................52Normative references ............................................................................................................................53Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................54Test equipment ......................................................................................................................................54.1Tolerances for test equipment .............................................................................................................54.2Hip probe ................................................................................................................................................64.3Foothold template ..................................................................................................................................64.4Finger probes .........................................................................................................................................74.5Finger probe for mesh ...........................................................................................................................74.6Ball chain loop and spherical mass .....................................................................................................84.7Small parts cylinder ...............................................................................................................................94.8Test frame ............................................................................................................................................ 104.9Rattle test equipment ......................................................................................................................... 114.10Push - pull test equipment ................................................................................................................. 124.11Test impactor ...................................................................................................................................... 155Conditioning ........................................................................................................................................ 176Mechanical hazards ............................................................................................................................ 176.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 176.2Barrier Function .................................................................................................................................. 176.2.1Protective height ................................................................................................................................. 176.2.2Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 176.3Gaps ..................................................................................................................................................... 226.3.1Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 226.3.2Test method ......................................................................................................................................... 226.4Opening and closing system ............................................................................................................. 226.4.1Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 226.4.2Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 236.5Entrapment hazards ........................................................................................................................... 236.5.1Finger entrapment .............................................................................................................................. 236.6Shearing and crushing hazards ........................................................................................................ 236.6.1Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 236.6.2Test method ......................................................................................................................................... 236.7Protrusion hazards ............................................................................................................................. 246.7.1Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 246.7.2Test method ......................................................................................................................................... 246.8Choking and ingestion hazards ........................................................................................................ 246.8.1Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 246.8.2Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 246.9Suffocation hazards............................................................................................................................ 256.10Hazardous edges and points ............................................................................................................. 256.10.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 256.10.2Requirements for edges on tubes ..................................................................................................... 256.10.3Requirements for points .................................................................................................................... 266.11Structural integrity .............................................................................................................................. 266.11.1Materials .............................................................................................................................................. 266.11.2Effectiveness of the fixing, locking devices and opening systems .............................................. 266.12Security of the safety barrier from Impact test ................................................................................ 276.12.1Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 27SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 3 6.12.2Test method ......................................................................................................................................... 277Chemical hazards ................................................................................................................................ 288Thermal hazards .................................................................................................................................. 299Additional hazards .............................................................................................................................. 299.1Use of a tool ......................................................................................................................................... 299.2Toys ...................................................................................................................................................... 2910Product information ............................................................................................................................ 2910.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 2910.2Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 2910.2.1Requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 2910.2.2Durability of marking ........................................................................................................................... 3010.3Purchase information .......................................................................................................................... 3010.4Instructions for use ............................................................................................................................. 3010.4.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 3010.4.2Warnings .............................................................................................................................................. 3110.4.3Additional information ........................................................................................................................ 31Annex A (informative)

Rationales .................................................................................................................... 32 SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 1930:2011) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 252 “Child use and care articles”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2012, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 2012. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 1930:2000. The new edition of this European Standard is a hazard based standard. In comparison with the previous version, the main technical changes are:  addition of a new hip probe;  addition of new drawings for finger probes;  removal of the disk from the ball and chain test so that the test is now more accurate and reproducible unlike the old one;  improvement of the diagram for the ball and chain test;  introduction of the rattle test which tests for security of the gate;  deletion of the out of alignment requirement as not reproducible;  improvement of the impact test and new test frame which provides a more reproducible test;  improvement of the requirements for the closing system. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the safety requirements and test methods for child safety barriers for domestic indoor use which are designed to be fitted across openings to limit a child's access inside the home and to prevent young children up to 24 months of age passing through. This European Standard does not apply to products designed to be fitted across windows. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 71-2, Safety of toys — Part 2: Flammability EN 71-3, Safety of toys — Part 3: Migration of certain elements 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 safety barrier product designed to limit a child's access inside the home 3.2 opening system system allowing access by opening the safety barrier or a section of the safety barrier or by removing the safety barrier 3.3 closing system system restricting access by closing and/or locking the opening system 4 Test equipment 4.1 Tolerances for test equipment Unless otherwise stated, the following tolerances apply: Forces: ± 5 % of the nominal force; Masses: ± 0,5 % of the nominal mass; Dimensions: ± 1,0 mm of the nominal dimension; Angles: ± 2° of the nominal angle; Positioning of loading pads: ± 5 mm; Duration of forces: (2 ± 1) s for durability tests; SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 6

(10 ± 2) s for static load tests. The tests are described in terms of the application of forces. Masses can however be used. The relationship 10 N = 1 kg may be used for this purpose. Unless otherwise specified, the test forces may be applied by any suitable device which does not adversely affect the results. 4.2 Hip probe A probe made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions given in Figure 1. Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 1 — Hip probe 4.3 Foothold template A strip of 10 mm thick transparent material cut to the shape as shown in Figure 2. The sides of the template shall be square to the faces. All edges and corners shall be left as machined without any radius. SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 7 Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 triangular cells plotted on a 5 × 5 ± 0,2 grid Figure 2 — Template for foothold test (example of left hand template) Two templates are required to provide a left and right hand template. The markings shown in Figure 2 are on the bottom face of each template to avoid parallax errors. 4.4 Finger probes

Probes made from plastics or other hard, smooth material of diameters 5 mm, 7 mm and 12 mm with a full hemispherical end, which shall be capable of being mounted on a force-measuring device, so that the hemispherical end can be presented to the opening being assessed see Figure 3. Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 spherical ends R2,5 (for 5 mm diameter) R3,5 (for 7 mm diameter) or R6 (for 12 mm diameter) 2 line scribed around circumference showing depth of penetration 3 ∅ (501,0−), ∅ (701,0−) or ∅ (121,00+) Figure 3 — 5 mm, 7 mm and 12 mm finger probes for gaps 4.5 Finger probe for mesh Probe for assessing mesh made from plastics or other hard, smooth material as shown in Figure 4 which is capable of being mounted on a force measuring device, so that the conical end can be presented to the opening being assessed. SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 8 Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 4 — Finger probe for mesh 4.6 Ball chain loop and spherical mass This equipment comprises a ball chain loop attached to a spherical mass at a common fixing point. The ball chain comprises maximum of 10 balls per 40 mm, equally distributed along the length of the chain when the chain is loaded with a mass of 2,5 kg.

The diameter of each ball is (3,2 ± 0,2) mm. Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 5 — Ball chain The ball chain loop is formed by the ball chain entering the spherical mass at a common fixing point with a ball from each side of the chain in contact with each other. The external peripheral length of the ball chain loop shall be 40050+ mm see Figure 6. A smooth spherical mass of (2,5 ± 0,05) kg and a diameter of 115 mm. SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 9 Dimensions in millimetres
Key 1 ball chain loop 2 spherical mass

3 common fixing point Figure 6 — Ball chain loop and spherical mass 4.7 Small parts cylinder Cylinder having the dimensions given in Figure 7. SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 10 Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 7 — Small parts cylinder 4.8 Test frame A rigid construction made from 100 mm × 100 mm steel tube, having a vertical beam adjustable in the horizontal direction within the frame made from 100 mm × 100 mm steel tube, see Figure 8. The maximum deflection of the test frame and the adjustable vertical beam shall be 1 mm when a force of a 1 000 N is applied in the positions and directions given in Figure 8. The application of the forces shall be done in the sequence of F, F1 and F2 and take the measurements in the sequence M, M1 and M2. Smooth, planed beech pads of thickness (50 ± 1) mm shall be fixed to the surface of the vertical beams on to which the safety barrier is fitted. The vertical beams and beech pads shall, once adjusted, not move or twist during fitting and testing of the safety barrier. SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 11 Dimensions in millimetres

Front view and side view Key F force M measurement 1 beech pads 2 adjustable beam Figure 8 — Test frame 4.9 Rattle test equipment The apparatus, Figure 9, consists of a steel driving disc of 110 mm diameter, having a mass of 1 kg and capable of rotating at a speed of 12050+ rpm. The disc shall be mounted on the pivot support arm, pivoted at its base. The disc shall be linked to the safety barrier by means of a 200 mm link arm having a mass of (0,15 ± 0,02) kg. The link arm shall be freely pivoted on the disc. The centre of the pivot point for the link arm shall be located (45 ± 1) mm from the centre of the disc. The link arm shall be connected to the safety barrier by the use of any suitable means that allows the arm, at the point at which it attaches to the safety barrier, to pivot e.g. a clamp with pivot attachment. The distance between the pivot point of the support arm (4 and 7) and centre of the steel driving disc shall be 600 mm of the arm (2) see Figure 9, with a tolerance of ± 20 mm. The total mass of the test equipment shall be (11 ± 1) kg with the majority of the weight positioned within the base to prevent movement whilst in use. SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 12 Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 driving disc 2 pivot support arm, which incorporates a drive mechanism from the motor to the driving disc 3 link arm 4 centre of rotation 5 clamp 6 base, which incorporates a drive mechanism (electric motor) 7 pivot points 8 movement of pivoting support arm Figure 9 — Rattle test equipment 4.10 Push - pull test equipment A 100 mm rigid clamp. The width shall be adjustable to the thickness of the top rail of the safety barrier to which forward, backward and horizontal forces are applied. SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 13 Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 rigid clamp 2 centre line indicating direction and position for the application of the force 3 foam, to prevent undue damage 4 top of the barrier Figure 10 — Clamp pad SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 14 Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 adjustable opening 2 test frame 3 beech pads 4 safety barrier 5 clam/pads 6 force applicator 7 support 8 force gauge 9 floor 10 adjustable height Figure 11 — Example of push-pull test apparatus top and side view SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 15 4.11 Test impactor The impactor see Figure 12 shall consist of a basketball made of a synthetic material and having a circumference of 750 mm to 780 mm inflated to a pressure of (72,5 ± 5) kPa and attached by a network of elastic cords to a mounting ring. The ball mounting shall consist of a ring having an outside diameter of (150 ± 5) mm and an inside diameter of (90 ± 5) mm. The rear face of this ring shall be attached to the main body of the impactor and its front face shaped to fit the ball. The main body of the impactor, shall consist of a mass supported by cords or flexible wire (850 ± 10) mm long attached to a rigid support structure, see Figure 12. The total mass of the impactor shall be 10 kg, excluding the support structure. SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 16 Dimensions in millimetres
Key 1 ball mounting 2 retaining device 3 basket ball 4 elastic cord 5 disc mass
6 rigid support structure Figure 12 — Test impactor SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 17 5 Conditioning Before testing, removable fabrics shall be cleaned or washed and dried twice in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Any resulting shrinkage shall not prevent any removable fabric from being refitted. Safety barriers shall be stored in ambient conditions of (23 ± 10) °C for a minimum of 24 h immediately prior to testing. 6 Mechanical hazards 6.1 General The tests shall be carried out in ambient conditions of (23 ± 10) °C. All requirements for 6.1 to 6.12 shall be checked and all tests shall be conducted with the safety barrier set up for normal use in the closed position in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions within the test frame specified in 4.8. The requirements and test methods do not apply to the safety barrier when it is being set up or dismantled. Unless otherwise specified the tests shall be carried out on the same safety barrier in the order listed in this European Standard. Where the safety barrier can be fitted with extensions in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, the most onerous combination shall be used to determine whether the safety barrier conforms to the requirements of this European Standard. If a safety barrier has several functions or can be converted into another function it shall conform to relevant European Standards. 6.2 Barrier Function 6.2.1 Protective height The rationale for this requirement is given in A.2.1. 6.2.1.1 Requirement There shall be a rectangular area at least 650 mm high and extending across the full width of the safety barrier between the two beech pads of the test frame in which there shall be no footholds when tested in accordance with 6.2.2. This requirement applies to rigid structures and any opening in any material. Rigid structures shall not include seams in fabrics of multiple layers. After testing in accordance with 6.2.2 the safety barrier shall still function as intended in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. 6.2.2 Test methods 6.2.2.1 General Footholds shall be assessed with the safety barrier in the test frame with a vertical force of 250 N applied centrally at the top of the safety barrier. SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 18 6.2.2.2 Determination of a foothold 6.2.2.3 Continuous structure A foothold exists on a continuous structure if four triangles marked on the template are completely obscured by the structure being checked. These four triangles shall have at least one side in common with another of the triangles, see Figure 13.

Key

this shaded area denotes one triangle; four shaded areas denotes four covered triangles Figure 13 — Examples of obscured triangles indicating a foothold on a continuous structure 6.2.2.4 Non-continuous structure A foothold exists on a non-continuous structure if two or more triangles marked on the template are completely obscured between the edge of the template and both the bold lines of the template by the structure being checked. The two or more triangles on each side of the template shall have at least one side in common with each other, see Figure 14.

Key

this shaded area denotes one triangle Figure 14 — Examples of obscured triangles on a foothold on a non- continuous structure 6.2.2.5 Wire, thin structures and similar parts A foothold exists on a wire, thin structure and similar part if it projects across the bold lines on the template, see Figure 15. SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 19

Key 1 denotes a wire, thin structure or similar part Figure 15 — Example of a foothold on a wire, thin structure and similar part 6.2.2.6 Footholds on a continuous structure at an angle less than 55°°°° Using either the left or right hand template, place the template with its marked face on any continuous structure inclined at an angle of less than 55° to the horizontal. Orientate either template, Figure 2, to check whether any four triangles are obscured indicating a foothold; see Figure 16 for examples. 6.2.2.7 Footholds on a non- continuous structure at an angle of less than 55°°°° Using either the left or right hand template place the template with its marked face on any non-continuous structure inclined at an angle of less than 55° to the horizontal. Orientate either template, see Figure 2, to check whether two or more triangles are obscured between the edges of the template and the bold lines on the template indicating a foothold; see Figure 17 for examples. 6.2.2.8 Footholds on wire, thin structures or similar parts at an angle less than 55°°°° Using either the left or right hand template, place the template with its marked face on any wire, thin structure or similar parts at an angle less than 55° to the horizontal. Check whether the wire, thin structure or similar part has a line of contact extending between the two bold lines marked along the template, see Figure 18 for examples. 6.2.2.9 Footholds on an intersecting or adjacent structure where the second structure prevents slipping Using either the left or right hand template place the template with its marked face on any structure, thin structure or similar parts between 55° and 80° to the horizontal where there is also a supporting structure. Orientate either template, see Figure 2 to check whether any four triangles are obscured indicating a foothold; see Figure 19 for examples. 6.2.2.10 Footholds on rigid components covered by flexible materials Where flexible materials or fabrics are covering rigid components the template is pushed against the flexible material or fabric with a horizontal force of up to 30 N acting along the longitudinal axis of the template. Orientate either the left hand or the right hand template, see Figure 2, to check whether any four triangles are obscured by the rigid components indicating a foothold. SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 20

Figure 16 — Examples of footholds on a continuous structure at an angle less than 55°

Figure 17 — Examples of footholds on a non-continuous structure at an angle less than 55° SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 21

Figure 18 — Example of footholds on wire, thin structures or similar parts at an angle less than 55°

Figure 19 — Examples of footholds on intersecting or adjacent structures where the second structure prevents slipping SIST EN 1930:2012

EN 1930:2011 (E) 22 6.3 Gaps 6.3.1 Requirements When tested in accordance with 6.3.2 there shall be no gap within the safety barrier or between the safety barrier and the side of the test frame or between the safety barrier and the floor/base of the test frame that allows the hip probe to pass through from either side of the safety barrier. The rationale for this requirement is given in A.2.2. 6.3.2 Test method Apply the hip probe, specified in 4.2, per

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