Aluminium and aluminium alloys - Wrought products and cast products - Special requirements for products intended for the production of pressure equipment

This European Standard specifies the material requirements and testing procedures applicable to wrought and cast aluminium and aluminium alloys intended for use in the production of pressure equipment.
This European Standard covers:
-   the products forms, grades and tempers of wrought and cast aluminium and aluminium alloys which may be used for such applications together with data for wrought and cast alloys over their permissible working temperature ranges;
-   the permissible alloys/ tempers covered by this are those given in Table A.1 and in B.1 for wrought alloys and in Table A.2 and in B.2 for castings;
-   the technical conditions for inspection and delivery, mechanical property limits and tolerances on form and dimensions by reference to the appropriate European standards for the relevant wrought and cast aluminium and aluminium alloys, and
-   additional requirements which are specific to pressure equipment applications.
It applies to hot-rolled plate, cold-rolled sheet/ strip/ circles, extruded or extruded and cold drawn rod/bar, tube, extruded open / hollow profiles, forgings and castings, by this standard are those given in Table A.1 for wrought alloys and in Table A.2 for castings.
It is the sole objective of this standard to cover materials only for pressure purposes and it excludes any elements of fabrication or fabrication methods for pressure equipment; such information can be found in the relevant standards listed in the "Bibliography" section.

Aluminium und Aluminium-Legierungen - Knet- und Gusserzeugnisse - Besondere Anforderungen an Erzeugnisse für die Fertigung von Druckgeräten

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Werkstoffanforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Knet- und Gusswerkstoffe aus Aluminium und Aluminiumlegierungen fest, die zur Fertigung von Druckgeräten vorgesehen sind.
Diese Europäische Norm umfasst:
— Erzeugnisformen, Sorten und Werkstoffzustände von Knet- und Gusswerkstoffen aus Aluminium und Aluminiumlegierungen, die für diese Anwendung eingesetzt werden dürfen, zusammen mit Daten für Knet- und Gusslegierungen über ihre zulässigen Arbeitstemperaturbereiche;
— zulässige Legierungen/Werkstoffzustände, die in Tabelle A.1 und in B.1 für Kneterzeugnisse und in Tabelle A.2 und in B.2 für Gussstücke angegeben sind;
— Technische Lieferbedingungen, Grenzwerte der mechanischen Eigenschaften sowie Grenzabmaße und Formtoleranzen mit Verweisung auf die zutreffenden Europäischen Normen für Knet- und Gusswerkstoffe aus Aluminium und Aluminiumlegierungen; und
— zusätzliche spezifische Anforderungen für die Anwendung in Druckgeräten.
Sie gilt für warmgewalzte Platten, kaltgewalzte Bleche/Bänder/Ronden, stranggepresste oder stranggepresste und kaltgezogene Stangen und Rohre, für stranggepresste Voll- und Hohlprofile sowie für Schmiede- und Gussstücke nach dieser Norm, wie in Tabelle A.1 für Knetlegierungen und in Tabelle A.2 für Gussstücke angegeben.
In dieser Europäischen Norm werden lediglich die für Druckgräte vorgesehenen Werkstoffe aufgeführt, Herstellung oder Fertigungsverfahren für Druckgeräte werden nicht erfasst; Angaben dazu können den einschlägigen Normen entnommen werden, die unter „Literaturhinweise“ aufgelistet sind.

Aluminium et alliages d'aluminium - Produits corroyés et moulés - Exigences particulières pour les produits destinés à la fabrication des appareils à pression

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences relatives aux matériaux et les modes opératoires d'essai applicables aux produits en aluminium et en alliages d'aluminium corroyés et moulés destinés à la fabrication d'appareils sous pression.
La présente Norme européenne couvre :
-   les formes de produits, les nuances et les états métallurgiques de l'aluminium et des alliages d'aluminium corroyés et moulés, susceptibles d’être utilisés pour de telles applications, ainsi que les données relatives aux alliages corroyés et moulés sur leurs plages de température de fonctionnement admissibles ;
-   "texte supprimé"
-   les conditions techniques de contrôle et de livraison, les limites des caractéristiques mécaniques et les tolérances sur forme et dimensions, par référence aux Normes européennes appropriées pour l'aluminium et les alliages d'aluminium corroyés et moulés ; et
-   les exigences supplémentaires spécifiques aux applications d'équipements sous pression.
Elle s’applique aux tôles laminées à chaud, aux tôles minces, bandes et disques laminés à froid, aux barres et aux tubes filés ou filés et étirés à froid, ainsi qu’aux sections filées, ouvertes et creuses, aux pièces forgées et aux pièces moulées. Les matériaux et domaines d'application, couverts par le présent document, sont ceux donnés dans l'Annexe A, Tableau A.1 pour les produits corroyés, et Tableau A.2 pour les pièces moulées.
La présente norme a pour seul objectif de couvrir les matériaux pour appareils à pression uniquement et elle exclut tout élément de fabrication ou procédé de fabrication relatif aux équipements sous pression ; de telles informations sont données dans les normes pertinentes énumérées dans la Bibliographie.

Aluminij in aluminijeve zlitine - Gnetne in ulite zlitine - Posebne zahteve za aluminijeve izdelke za izdelavo naprav, ki delajo pod tlakom

Ta evropski standard opredeljuje zahteve za materiale in preskusne postopke, ki se uporabljajo za gnetni in uliti aluminij ter aluminijeve zlitine, namenjene za uporabo pri izdelavi naprav, ki delajo pod tlakom.
Ta evropski standard zajema:
–   proizvodne oblike, vrste in popuščena stanja gnetnega in ulitega aluminija ter aluminijevih zlitin, ki se lahko uporabljajo za tovrstno uporabo, skupaj s podatki za gnetne in ulite zlitine glede dovoljenega razpona delovne temperature;
–   opredeljene dovoljene zlitine/popuščena stanja so za gnetne zlitine navedeni v preglednicah A.1 in B.1 ter za ulitke v preglednicah A.2 in B.2;
–   tehnične pogoje za pregledovanje in dobavo, omejitve mehanskih lastnosti ter odstopanja glede oblike in mer na podlagi ustreznih evropskih standardov za ustrezen gnetni in uliti aluminij ter aluminijeve zlitine; in
–   dodatne zahteve, posebej določene za uporabo naprav, ki delajo pod tlakom.
Uporablja se za vroče valjane plošče, hladno valjane pločevine/trakove/obroče, ekstrudirane ali ekstrudirane in hladno vlečene drogove/palice in cevi ter ekstrudirane odprte/votle profile, izkovke in ulitke, kot je navedeno v tem standardu v preglednici A.1 za gnetne zlitine in v preglednici A.2 za ulitke.
Ta standard obravnava izključno materiale, namenjene le za uporabo s tlakom, in ne zajema proizvodnih elementov ali proizvodnih metod za naprave, ki delajo pod tlakom; tovrstne informacije je mogoče najti v ustreznih standardih, navedenih v razdelku Literatura.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-Aug-2022
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
27-Jul-2022
Due Date
01-Oct-2022
Completion Date
17-Aug-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
01-september-2022
Aluminij in aluminijeve zlitine - Gnetne in ulite zlitine - Posebne zahteve za
aluminijeve izdelke za izdelavo naprav, ki delajo pod tlakom
Aluminium and aluminium alloys - Wrought products and cast products - Special
requirements for products intended for the production of pressure equipment
Aluminium und Aluminium-Legierungen - Knet- und Gusserzeugnisse - Besondere
Anforderungen an Erzeugnisse für die Fertigung von Druckgeräten
Aluminium et alliages d'aluminium - Produits corroyés et moulés - Exigences

particulières pour les produits destinés à la fabrication des appareils à pression

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
ICS:
77.150.10 Aluminijski izdelki Aluminium products
SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
EN 12392:2016+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
July 2022
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 77.150.10 Supersedes EN 12392:2016
English Version
Aluminium and aluminium alloys - Wrought products and
cast products - Special requirements for products intended
for the production of pressure equipment

Aluminium et alliages d'aluminium - Produits corroyés Aluminium und Aluminium-Legierungen - Knet- und

et moulés - Exigences particulières pour les produits Gusserzeugnisse - Besondere Anforderungen an

destinés à la fabrication des appareils à pression Erzeugnisse für die Fertigung von Druckgeräten

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 18 January 2016 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 21 February

2022.

This European Standard was corrected and reissued by the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre on 3 August 2022.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIO N
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUN G
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2022 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9

4 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.2 Wrought products ......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.3 Cast products .................................................................................................................................................. 12

5 Technical conditions for inspection and delivery ............................................................................. 12

5.1 Manufacturing methods ............................................................................................................................. 12

5.1.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.1.2 Specific requirements regarding porthole extruded and/or drawn products ....................... 12

5.1.3 Quality control ............................................................................................................................................... 13

5.2 Orders or tenders ......................................................................................................................................... 13

5.3 Test procedures ............................................................................................................................................. 15

5.3.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.3.2 Chemical analysis of the melt ................................................................................................................... 15

5.3.3 !Hydrogen content" ............................................................................................................................ 15

5.3.4 Tensile and hardness testing .................................................................................................................... 15

5.3.5 Specific test procedures by product form ............................................................................................ 17

5.3.6 Other tests ....................................................................................................................................................... 22

5.4 Inspection documents ................................................................................................................................. 22

5.5 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 22

5.6 Packaging ......................................................................................................................................................... 22

6 Mechanical properties ................................................................................................................................ 22

6.1 Mechanical properties at room temperature ..................................................................................... 22

6.1.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 22

6.1.2 Sheet, strip, plate and circle ...................................................................................................................... 23

6.1.3 Extruded rod/bar, tube, coiled tube and profile ............................................................................... 23

6.1.4 Cold drawn rod/bar, tube and coiled tube .......................................................................................... 23

6.1.5 Forgings ............................................................................................................................................................ 23

6.1.6 Castings ............................................................................................................................................................. 23

6.2 Low and elevated temperature properties ......................................................................................... 23

7 Tolerances on dimensions and form ..................................................................................................... 24

7.1 Sheet, strip, plate and circle ...................................................................................................................... 24

7.2 Extruded rod/bar, tube, coiled tube and profile ............................................................................... 24

7.3 Cold drawn rod/bar, tube and coiled tube .......................................................................................... 24

7.4 Forgings ............................................................................................................................................................ 24

7.5 Castings ............................................................................................................................................................. 24

Annex A (informative) Materials and application ranges ............................................................................. 70

Annex B (informative) Tensile properties at low and high temperatures .............................................. 78

B.1 Wrought products ......................................................................................................................................... 78

B.2 Cast products .................................................................................................................................................. 82

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SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 (E)

Annex C (normative) ! Empirical conversion between values of A and A " ............................... 86

Annex ZA (informative) !Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

safety requirements of Directive 2014/68/EU aimed to be covered" .................................. 90

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 91

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SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 12392:2016+A1:2022) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 132

“Aluminium and aluminium alloys”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2023, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by January 2023.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes !EN 12392:2016".
This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 21 February 2022.

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive !2014/68/EU", see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral

part of this document.

Comparing to EN 12392:2000 the following modifications were implemented in EN 12392:2016:

— modification of the scope (extension to cast aluminium and aluminium alloys) (Clause 1);

— new normative references (Clause 2);
— new definitions (Clause 3): melt, casting, forging, tube;

— modification of Clause 4 “Materials” which covers Wrought products and Cast products;

— modification of Clause 5 “Technical conditions for inspection and delivery”: new requirements for

Manufacturing methods, Orders or tenders, Test procedures, Inspection documents, Marking,

Packaging;

— modification of Clause 6 “Mechanical properties”: different specifications are included at room

temperature and low and elevated temperature properties;

— modification of Clause 7 “Tolerances on dimensions and form”: inclusions of Tables 1 to 37;

— deletion of Clause 8 “Elevated temperature properties” (initially in 2000 version);

— new Annex A (Informative) “Materials and application range”;
— new Annex B (Informative) “Tensile properties at low and high temperature;
— new Annex ZA (Informative) “Relationship with EU Directive 2014/68”;
— new references into Bibliography.
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SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 (E)
!This Amendment 1 to EN 12392:2016 covers the following major subjects:

— replacement of all textual elements considered as business relationship items such as “to be agreed

between customer and supplier” and not allowed in harmonized standards by formal textual

elements allowed for harmonized standards and worded as “to be defined before placing an order”

and/or “to be stated on the order”;

— introduction of new alloys together with relevant information at specific related sections and/or

tables;
— re-introduction of famous and very used A/A50 conversion table for elongation;
— application of most recent European legislation directive (Annex ZA)."

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the material requirements and testing procedures applicable to

wrought and cast aluminium and aluminium alloys intended for use in the production of pressure

equipment.
This European Standard covers:

— the products forms, grades and tempers of wrought and cast aluminium and aluminium alloys

which may be used for such applications together with data for wrought and cast alloys over their

permissible working temperature ranges;
— !deleted text"

— the technical conditions for inspection and delivery, mechanical property limits and tolerances on

form and dimensions by reference to the appropriate European standards for the relevant wrought

and cast aluminium and aluminium alloys, and
— additional requirements which are specific to pressure equipment applications.

!It applies to hot-rolled plate, cold-rolled sheet/ strip/ circles, extruded or extruded and cold drawn

rod/bar, tube, extruded open / hollow profiles, forgings and castings. The materials and application

ranges covered by this document are those given in Annex A, Table A.1 for wrought alloys and Table A.2

for castings."

It is the sole objective of this standard to cover materials only for pressure purposes and it excludes any

elements of fabrication or fabrication methods for pressure equipment; such information can be found

in the relevant standards listed in the “Bibliography” section.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

!EN 485-1:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Sheet, strip and plate — Part 1: Technical

conditions for inspection and delivery

EN 485-3:2003, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Sheet, strip and plate — Part 3: Tolerances on

dimensions and form for hot-rolled products

EN 485-4:1993, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Sheet, strip and plate — Part 4: Tolerances on shape

and dimensions for cold-rolled products

EN 586-1:1997, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Forgings — Part 1: Technical conditions for

inspection and delivery

EN 586-3:2001, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Forgings — Part 3: Tolerances on dimensions and

form

EN 754-1:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Cold drawn rod/bar and tube — Part 1: Technical

conditions for inspection and delivery

EN 754-2:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Cold drawn rod/bar and tube — Part 2: Mechanical

properties
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 (E)

EN 754-3:2008, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Cold drawn rod/bar and tube — Part 3: Round bars,

tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 754-4:2008, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Cold drawn rod/bar and tube — Part 4: Square bars,

tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 754-5:2008, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Cold drawn rod/bar and tube — Part 5: Rectangular

bars, tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 754-6:2008, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Cold drawn rod/bar and tube — Part 6: Hexagonal

bars, tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 754-7:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Cold drawn rod/bar and tube — Part 7: Seamless

tubes, tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 754-8:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Cold drawn rod/bar and tube — Part 8: Porthole

tubes, tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 755-1:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys— Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles — Part 1:

Technical conditions for inspection and delivery

EN 755-2:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles — Part 2:

Mechanical properties

EN 755-3:2008, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles — Part 3: Round

bars, tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 755-4:2008, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles — Part 4:

Square bars, tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 755-5:2008, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles — Part 5:

Rectangular bars, tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 755-6:2008, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles — Part 6:

Hexagonal bars, tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 755-7:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles — Part 7:

Seamless tubes, tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 755-8:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles — Part 8:

Porthole tubes, tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 755-9:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles — Part 9:

Profiles, tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 941:2014, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Circle and circle stock for the production of general

applications — Specifications
EN 1370:2011, Founding — Examination of surface condition

EN 1371-1:2011, Founding — Liquid penetrant testing — Part 1: Sand, gravity die and low pressure die

castings
EN 1559-1:2011, Founding — Technical conditions of delivery — Part 1: General
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 (E)

EN 1559-4:2015, Founding — Technical conditions of delivery — Part 4: Additional requirements for

aluminium alloy castings

EN 1779:1999, Non-destructive testing — Leak testing — Criteria for method and technique selection

EN 2004-1:1993, Aerospace series — Test methods for aluminium and aluminium alloy products — Part

1: Determination of electrical conductivity of wrought aluminium alloy products

EN 2101:1991, Aerospace series — Chromic acid anodizing of aluminium and wrought aluminium alloys

EN 10204:2004, Metallic products — Types of inspection documents

EN 12020-1:2008, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded precision profiles in alloys EN AW-6060

and EN AW-6063 — Part 1: Technical conditions for inspection and delivery

EN 12020-2:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded precision profiles in alloys EN AW-6060

and EN AW-6063 — Part 2: Tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 12020-2:2016/AC:2017, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded precision profiles in alloys EN

AW-6060 and EN AW-6063 — Part 2: Tolerances on dimensions and form

EN 12258-1:2012, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Terms and definitions — Part 1: General terms

EN 12681:2003, Founding — Radiographic examination

EN 13957:2008, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded round, coiled tube for general applications

— Specification

EN 13958:2008, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Cold drawn, round, coiled tube for general

applications — Specification

EN 14361:2004, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Chemical analysis — Sampling from metal melts

EN 14726:2019, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Chemical analysis — Guideline for spark optical

emission spectrometric analysis

EN ISO 148-1:2016, Metallic materials — Charpy pendulum impact test — Part 1: Test method

(ISO 148-1:2016)

EN ISO 3452-1:2021, Non-destructive testing — Penetrant testing — Part 1: General principles

(ISO 3452-1:2021)

EN ISO 6506-1:2014, Metallic materials — Brinell hardness test — Part 1: Test method (ISO 6506-1:2014)

EN ISO 6892-1:2019, Metallic materials — Tensile testing — Part 1: Method of test at room temperature

(ISO 6892-1:2019)

EN ISO 8062:2007, Castings — System of dimensional tolerances and machining allowances (ISO 8062)

EN ISO 8492:2013, Metallic materials — Tube — Flattening test (ISO 8492:2013)

EN ISO 8493:2004, Metallic materials — Tube — Drift-expanding test (ISO 8493:1998)

EN ISO 8495:2013, Metallic materials — Tube — Ring-expanding test (ISO 8495:2013)

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SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 (E)
EN ISO 8496:2013, Metallic materials — Tube — Ring tensile test (ISO 8496:2013)

ISO 9591:2004, Corrosion of aluminium alloys — Determination of resistance to stress corrosion cracking

ASTM B548:2003, Standard Test Method for Ultrasonic Inspection of Aluminium-Alloy Plate for Pressure

Vessels

ASTM B594:2019, Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Inspection of Aluminium-Alloy Wrought Products

ASTM E112:2013, Standard Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size

ASTM E215:2016, Standard Practice for Standardizing Equipment for Electromagnetic Testing of

Seamless Aluminum-Alloy Tube"
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 12258-1 and the following

apply.
3.1
heat-treatment batch or lot

quantity of products of the same alloy or purity grade of alloy, form, thickness or cross-section and

produced in the same way and heat-treated in one furnace load; or such products solution-treated and

subsequently precipitation treated in one furnace load

Note 1 to entry: More than one solution-treatment batch can be included in one ageing furnace load.

Note 2 to entry: For heat treatment in a continuous furnace (vertical or horizontal), the products continuously

heat-treated during a specified time (e.g. 8 h) can be considered as one heat treatment lot.

Note 3 to entry: For forgings, a heat-treatment lot may consist of a group of forgings of similar size and shape.

3.2
inspection lot

consignment, or a part thereof, submitted for inspection, comprising products of the same grade or

alloy, form, thickness or cross-section, and processed in the same manner

Note 1 to entry: For forgings, an inspection lot may consist of a group of forgings of similar size and shape.

3.3
melt

quantity of molten metal that has simultaneously undergone the same preparatory treatment in the

furnace before the casting operation
3.4
cast
quantity of products cast simultaneously from the same melt
3.5
casting

product at or near finished shape, formed by solidification of the metal in a mould or a die

Note 1 to entry: Casting is also the process in which molten metal is poured into a mould and solidified."

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SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 (E)

Note !2" to entry: Pressure die-cast products are excluded from the scope of the present standard.

Note !3" to entry: The mould of concern can be a single use mould (sand) or a permanent mould (e.g. cast

iron or steel).
!deleted text"
3.6
forging

wrought product formed by hammering or pressing, typically when hot, such as open die forging, drop

or closed die forging or seamless rolled ring forging
3.7
tube

hollow, wrought product with a uniform cross-section, with only one enclosed void and with a uniform

wall thickness, supplied in straight lengths or in coiled form

Note 1 to entry: Cross-sections are in the shape of circles, ovals, squares, rectangles, equilateral triangles or

regular polygons and can have rounded corners, provided the inner and outer cross-sections are concentric and

have the same form and orientation.
3.8
operating temperature range
temperature range at which the material is exposed during its use
4 Materials
4.1 General

The materials covered by this standard are to be used in a wide range of pressure equipment operating

over diverse range of both pressure and temperature. The range of applications extends from relatively

low pressure automotive equipment such as heat exchangers to heavy duty applications including

unfired pressure vessels and piping used in pressure equipment. !As a result, the standard covers an

extensive range of aluminium product forms, alloys and tempers as follows:"
— sheet, strip, plate and circles (EN 485, EN 941);
— cold drawn rod/bar and tube (EN 754);
— extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles (EN 755);
— precision profiles (EN 12020);
— extruded coiled tube (EN 13957);
— cold drawn coiled tube (EN 13958);
— forgings (EN 586);
— castings (EN 1706).

Materials (alloys and tempers), which may be used in compliance with the present standard are listed

in Tables 1, A.1 and A.2, together with their welding characteristics, main field of application and

operating temperature ranges.
!deleted text"
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SIST EN 12392:2016+A1:2022
EN 12392:2016+A1:2022 (E)

!If the pressure equipment is operating above room temperature for times exceeding 100 h, then the

long time behaviour of the material according to Annex B, Tables B.1 to B.4 will need to be taken into

consideration."

!Materials to be used for welded components shall be produced with a hydrogen level no greater

than 0,2 ml per 100 g aluminium, or an equivalent value/level determined by an alternative agreed

method."
4.2 Wrought products

!Applicable alloys and the chemical compositions for wrought products are given in Tables 1 and 2.

The chemical compositions of aluminium and aluminium alloys are specified in percentage by mass.

Limits for impurities are expressed as maxima that also will apply to alloying elements unless

expressed as a range. Aluminium is specified as a minimum for unalloyed aluminium, and as a

remainder for aluminium alloys."

!All grades of wrought aluminium and alloys shall have a lead (Pb), tin (Sn) and bismuth (Bi) content

not exceeding 0,015 0 % by mass, per each element. For particularly safety-sensitive applications (e.g.

high volumes at high pressure), lower values shall be agreed and stated on the order.

Wrought products in aluminium and aluminium alloys used for welded parts of pressure vessels that

are subjected to cold forming (e.g. rolled shells and heads) shall have a specified minimum A value after

fracture measured on a gauge length as follows:
LS= 5,65 (4.2-1)
and ≥ 14 % in the longitudinal or transverse direction.

Wrought products in aluminium and aluminium alloys used for parts of pressure vessels that are not

subjected to cold forming (e.g. straight flanges and nozzles) shall have a specified minimum elongation

after fracture measured on a gauge length as follows:
LS= 5,65 (4.2-2)
and ≥ 10 % in the longitudinal or transverse direction.

The conversion of A values into A and vice versa shall be carried out as specified in Annex C.

When using minimum A values converted from A values as requirements, the converted A value

50 50

shall be taken from Table C.1 then rounded up to the next whole number (example: a converted value

A of 12,2 % shall be implemented as a minimum requirement of A value by 13 %).

EXAMPLE 1 A 12,5 mm wide rectangular test piece prepared from rolled sheet with a thickness of 2,0 mm.

Then the cross sectional area of this test piece is 25 mm , and the corresponding gauge length for a proportional

test piece is 28,3 mm. The measured value of A is 13,0 % which corresponds to an approximate elongation

value for A of 17,0 %.

EXAMPLE 2 An elongation value for A of 24,0 % measured on a proportional test piece with a gauge length of

35,7 mm. This corres
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