Non-destructive testing - Terminology - Terms used in ultrasonic testing with phased arrays (ISO 23243:2020)

This document defines the terms related to phased arrays used in ultrasonic non-destructive testing.
Note: The general terms used in ultrasonic non-destructive testing are defined in EN ISO 5577.

Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung - Terminologie - Begriffe der Ultraschallprüfung mit phasengesteuerten Arrays (ISO 23243:2020)

Dieses Dokument definiert Begriffe, die bei der Ultraschallprüfung mit Arrays angewendet werden. Dazu gehören Phased-Array-Technologie und Signalverarbeitungstechnologie unter Verwendung von Arrays, z. B. Erfassung der gesamten Matrix (FMC, en: full-matrix capture) (3.3.1.28) und Technik der vollständigen Fokussierung (TFM, en: total focusing technique) (3.3.1.35).

Essais non-destructifs - Terminologie - Termes utilisés pour le contrôle par ultrasons en multiéléments (ISO 23243:2020)

Neporušitvene preiskave - Terminologija - Izrazi, ki se uporabljajo pri ultrazvočnih preiskavah z matrično postavitvijo (phased array) (ISO 23243:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Dec-2018
Publication Date
26-Jan-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
09-Dec-2020
Due Date
13-Feb-2021
Completion Date
27-Jan-2021

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
English language
28 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
01-marec-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 16018:2012

Neporušitvene preiskave - Terminologija - Izrazi, ki se uporabljajo pri ultrazvočnih

preiskavah z matrično postavitvijo (phased array) (ISO 23243:2020)

Non-destructive testing - Terminology - Terms used in ultrasonic testing with phased

arrays (ISO 23243:2020)
Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung - Terminologie - Begriffe der Ultraschallprüfung mit
phasengesteuerten Arrays (ISO 23243:2020)

Essais non-destructifs - Terminologie - Termes utilisés pour le contrôle par ultrasons en

multiéléments (ISO 23243:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 23243:2020
ICS:
01.040.19 Preskušanje (Slovarji) Testing (Vocabularies)
19.100 Neporušitveno preskušanje Non-destructive testing
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
EN ISO 23243
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 01.040.19; 19.100 Supersedes EN 16018:2011
English Version
Non-destructive testing - Ultrasonic testing with arrays -
Vocabulary (ISO 23243:2020)

Essais non destructifs - Contrôle à l'aide de réseaux Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung - Ultraschallprüfung mit

ultrasonores - Vocabulaire (ISO 23243:2020) Arrays - Terminologie (ISO 23243:2020)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 November 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 23243:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
EN ISO 23243:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
EN ISO 23243:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 23243:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 135 "Non-

destructive testing" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 138 “Non-destructive testing”

the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 16018:2011.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 23243:2020 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 23243:2020 without any modification.

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 23243
First edition
2020-11
Non-destructive testing — Ultrasonic
testing with arrays — Vocabulary
Essais non destructifs — Contrôle à l’aide de réseaux ultrasonores —
Vocabulaire
Reference number
ISO 23243:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
ISO 23243:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
ISO 23243:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Terms related to sound .................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Terms related to the test equipment .................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2.1 Probes........................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

3.2.2 Instruments .......................................................................................................................................................................10

3.3 Terms related to testing ...............................................................................................................................................................11

3.3.1 Testing techniques .......................................................................................................................................................11

3.3.2 Signals, presentations and indications ......................................................................................................16

3.3.3 Evaluation of indications .......................................................................................................................................19

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................20

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
ISO 23243:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 135, Non-destructive testing, Subcommittee

SC 3, Ultrasonic testing, in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN)

Technical Committee CEN/TC 138, Non-destructive testing, in accordance with the Agreement on

technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
ISO 23243:2020(E)
Introduction

This document follows a structure similar to that in ISO 5577 but only takes into account terms related

to ultrasonic arrays.

The general terms already defined in ISO 5577 are also valid for ultrasonic arrays.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 23243:2020(E)
Non-destructive testing — Ultrasonic testing with arrays —
Vocabulary
1 Scope

This document defines terms used in ultrasonic testing with arrays. This includes phased array

technology and signal processing technology using arrays, e. g. the full-matrix capture (FMC) (3.3.1.28)

and the total focusing technique (TFM) (3.3.1.35).
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Terms related to sound
3.1.1
main lobe
main beam

sound beam in the intended direction, typically with the highest pressure within the sound field

Note 1 to entry: This applies to conventional and array probes (3.2.1.3).
3.1.2
side lobe

part of the sound field which corresponds to a local maximum in the far field, deviating from the

direction of the main lobe (3.1.1) and typically lower in amplitude
Note 1 to entry: This applies to conventional and array probes (3.2.1.3).
3.1.3
grating lobe

parasitic replication of the main lobe (3.1.1) caused by spatial undersampling (low ratio between

wavelength and pitch (3.2.1.16)), deviating from the direction of the main lobe and possibly of similar

amplitude
Note 1 to entry: This applies to array probes (3.2.1.3) only.
3.2 Terms related to the test equipment
3.2.1 Probes
3.2.1.1
array

piezoelectric plate divided into several elements (3.2.1.2), which are acoustically and electrically

separated
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
ISO 23243:2020(E)
3.2.1.2
array element
element
smallest part of the array (3.2.1.1) acting as a transducer
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
Key
1 array element
2 wedge
α wedge angle
β natural refracted beam angle (3.2.1.26)
Figure 1 — Wedge and array with relevant parameters
3.2.1.3
array probe

probe with an array (3.2.1.1) of elements (3.2.1.2) for transmitting and/or receiving

3.2.1.4
arrangement of the array
spatial distribution of all the elements (3.2.1.2) in an array (3.2.1.1)
3.2.1.5
linear array
1-D-linear array

array (3.2.1.1) of elements (3.2.1.2) arranged in a single straight line allowing steering in one

direction (primary axis (3.2.1.18)) and focusing in the depth direction
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 2.
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
ISO 23243:2020(E)
Key
X primary axis
Figure 2 — Linear array; 1-D-linear array
3.2.1.6
annular array

array (3.2.1.1) of ring-shaped elements (3.2.1.2) arranged concentrically allowing focusing in the depth

direction
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 3.
Figure 3 — Annular array
3.2.1.7
sectorial annular array

annular array (3.2.1.6) with the rings divided into sectors allowing steering in two directions and

focusing in the depth direction
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 4 and Figure 5.
Figure 4 — Sectorial annular array
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
ISO 23243:2020(E)
Figure 5 — Partial sectorial annular array
3.2.1.8
1-D-curved array

array (3.2.1.1) arranged on a complete or partial cylinder, where the major transmitting axis is radial

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 6 and Figure 7.
Figure 6 — 1-D-curved array covering a complete circle
Figure 7 — 1-D-curved array covering part of a circle
4 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
ISO 23243:2020(E)
3.2.1.9
convex array

1-D-curved array (3.2.1.8) typically used for the testing of tubes from the inside

3.2.1.10
concave array

1-D-curved array (3.2.1.8) typically used for the testing of tubes from the outside

3.2.1.11
dual-array probe
probe with separate arrays (3.2.1.1) for transmitting and receiving
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 8.
Figure 8 — Example of a dual-array probe
3.2.1.12
2-D-array
matrix array

array (3.2.1.1) of elements (3.2.1.2) arranged in a rectangular pattern allowing steering in both

directions (primary axis (3.2.1.18) and secondary axis (3.2.1.19)) and focusing in the depth direction

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 9 and Figure 10.
Key
X primary axis
Y secondary axis
Figure 9 — Example of a 2-D-matrix array
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 17 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
ISO 23243:2020(E)
Key
X primary axis
Y secondary axis
Figure 10 — Axes of a 2-D-matrix array
3.2.1.13
sparse array

array (3.2.1.1) with a limited number of elements (3.2.1.2) distributed over a relatively large area, with

irregular distances between the elements, for example according to a Poisson-disk distribution

3.2.1.14
width of an element
dimension of the element (3.2.1.2) along the primary axis of an array (3.2.1.18)
Note 1 to entry: For linear arrays (3.2.1.5) see Figure 11.
6 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 18 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
ISO 23243:2020(E)
Key
a width of an element
b length of an element (3.2.1.15)
c pitch (3.2.1.16)
d space/gap between elements (3.2.1.17)
X primary axis
Figure 11 — Linear array
3.2.1.15
length of an element

dimension of the element (3.2.1.2) along the secondary axis of an array (3.2.1.19)

Note 1 to entry: For linear arrays (3.2.1.5) see Figure 11.
3.2.1.16
pitch

distance between the same edges or between centres of two adjacent elements (3.2.1.2)

Note 1 to entry: For linear arrays (3.2.1.5) see Figure 11.
3.2.1.17
space between elements
gap between elements
distance between two adjacent elements (3.2.1.2)
Note 1 to entry: For linear arrays (3.2.1.5) see Figure 11.
3.2.1.18
primary axis of an array
primary axis
active direction
main axis for beam steering parallel to the width of the elements (3.2.1.14)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 10 and Figure 11.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 19 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 23243:2021
ISO 23243:2020(E)
3.2.1.19
secondary axis of an array
secondary axis
passive direction
axis perpendicular to the primary axis (3.2.1.18)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 10.

Note 2 to entry: Typically the term "passive direction" is only used for 1-D linear arrays (3.2.1.5) and 1-D curved

arrays (3.2.1.8).
3.2.1.20
reference point on the wedge

coordinates of the point on the wedge which is used to position a defined point of the array (3.2.1.1)

Note 1 to entry: Typically the distances from the reference point to the wedge contact surface and to the front of

the wedge are used.
3.2.1.21
active aperture

group of active elements (3.2.1.2) operated together when transmitting and/or receiving

3.2.1.22
elementary aperture
active aperture (3.2.1.21) made of only one element (3.2.1.2)
3.2.1.23
virtual probe
active aperture (3.2.1.21) operated with one delay law (3.2.2.12)
3.2.1.24
virtual source aperture
VSA

group of active elements (3.2.1.2) operated together during transmission using a delay law (3.2.2.12)

chosen to mimic a source at a virtual point
3.2.1.25
sensitivity curve of an array

representation of the sensitivity of each element (3.2.1.2) successively connected to the same channel

(3.2.2.1)

Note 1 to entry: Typically a flat reflector much larger than the aperture of the array (3.2.1.1) is used.

3.2.1.26
natural refracted beam angle

angle between the refracted beam axis and the normal to the interface without electronic beam steering

(3.3.1.13)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.

Note 2 to entry: The natural refracted beam angle corresponds to the nominal probe angle (see ISO 5577) of a

conventional probe.
3.2.1.27
natural refracted beam
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.