Gas meters - Conversion devices - Part 3: Flow computer

Part 3 of this Standard specifies the requirements and tests for the construction, performance, safety and conformity of flow computers used to meet the metrological and technical requirements of a high accuracy volume conversion device.

Gaszähler - Umwerter - Teil 3: Ergänzendes Element

Teil 3 dieser Europäischen Norm legt die Anforderungen und Prüfungen an den Bau, die Leistungsfähigkeit, die Sicherheit und die Konformität von Flowcomputern (FC) fest, die zur Erfüllung metrologischer und technischer Anforderungen eines Volumenumwerters mit hoher Genauigkeit verwendet werden.
Sie werden zur Bestimmung des Volumens von Brenngasen einschließlich der Brenngase der ersten und zweiten Familie nach EN 437 verwendet.
Für die Anwendung dieser Europäischen Norm werden ausschließlich Flowcomputer betrachtet, die für den Betrieb mit Ultraschallzählern nach ISO 17089 1 oder Turbinenradgaszählern nach EN 12261 vorgesehen sind.
Für die Anwendung dieser Europäischen Norm werden für Rechner von Flowcomputern ausschließlich die Klassifizierungsklassen E2 und M1 berücksichtigt.
Die Flowcomputer sind mit externen gesonderten Messumformern für Druck und Temperatur ausgestattet, die separat genehmigt werden dürfen.
Die Festlegungen hinsichtlich der Druck- und Temperatur-Messumformer sind in Anhang B und C enthalten.
Die Anforderungen und Prüfungen für den Energierechner sind in EN 12405-2 angegeben.

Compteurs de gaz - Dispositifs de conversion - Partie 3 : Calculateurs de débit

La partie 3 de la présente Norme européenne définit les exigences et les essais pour la fabrication, les performances, la sécurité et la conformité des calculateurs de débit (FC) utilisés pour satisfaire aux exigences métrologiques et techniques d'un dispositif de conversion de volume de grande exactitude.
Ils sont utilisés pour déterminer le volume des gaz combustibles, y compris ceux de première et deuxième famille conformément à l'EN 437.
Pour les besoins de la présente Norme européenne, seuls les calculateurs de débit qui sont prévus pour fonctionner avec des compteurs à ultrasons conformément à l'ISO 17089-1 ou avec des compteurs de gaz à turbine conformément à l'EN 12261 sont pris en compte.
Pour les besoins de la présente Norme européenne, seules les classes E2 et M1 sont prises en compte pour le calculateur de débit.
Les FC doivent être équipés de transducteurs externes distincts pour la pression et la température, qui peuvent être homologués séparément.
Les dispositions relatives aux transducteurs de pression et de température sont données aux Annexes B et C.
Pour les calculateurs d'énergie, les exigences et les essais sont donnés dans l'EN 12405-2.

Plinomeri - Korektorji - 3. del: Računalnik pretoka

Del 3 tega standarda določa zahteve in preskuse za izgradnjo, delovanje, varnost in skladnost računalnikov pretoka, ki se uporabljajo za izpolnjevanje meroslovnih in tehničnih zahtev visokonatančne naprave za prostorninsko konverzijo.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
28-Feb-2013
Publication Date
22-Dec-2015
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
23-Dec-2015
Due Date
27-Feb-2016
Completion Date
23-Dec-2015

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Gaszähler - Umwerter - Teil 3: Ergänzendes ElementCompteurs de gaz - Dispositifs de conversion - Partie 3 : Calculateurs de débitGas meters - Conversion devices - Part 3: Flow computer91.140.40Sistemi za oskrbo s plinomGas supply systemsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12405-3:2015SIST EN 12405-3:2016en,fr,de01-februar-2016SIST EN 12405-3:2016SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 12405-3:2016
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 12405-3
December
t r s w ICS
{ sä s v rä v r English Version
Gas meters æ Conversion devices æ Part
uã Flow computer Compteurs de gaz æ Dispositifs de conversion æ Partie
uã Calculateurs de débit
Gaszähler æ Umwerter æ Teil
uã Flowcomputer This European Standard was approved by CEN on
s { September
t r s wä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey andUnited Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s w CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s t v r wæ uã t r s w ESIST EN 12405-3:2016

EN 12405-3:2015 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8 3 Terms, definitions and symbols .............................................................................................................. 10 3.1 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 10 3.2 Symbols and subscripts ............................................................................................................................. 16 3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................ 18 3.4 Environmental classification for flow computers ............................................................................ 18 3.4.1 Climatic conditions ...................................................................................................................................... 18 3.4.2 Mechanical conditions ................................................................................................................................ 18 3.4.3 Electrical and Electromagnetic conditions ......................................................................................... 18 4 Principle of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 18 4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18 4.2 Correction functions ................................................................................................................................... 19 4.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19 4.2.2 Correction of the volume at measurement conditions ................................................................... 20 4.2.3 Temperature and pressure correction of USM body dimension ................................................. 23 4.2.4 Temperature and pressure measurement correction for conversion ..................................... 23 5 Rated operating conditions ...................................................................................................................... 23 5.1 Specified field of measurement ............................................................................................................... 23 5.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 23 5.1.2 Specified measurement range for gas pressure ................................................................................ 23 5.1.3 Specified measurement range for gas temperature ........................................................................ 24 5.1.4 Gas characteristics ....................................................................................................................................... 24 5.1.5 Base conditions ............................................................................................................................................. 24 5.2 Environmental conditions ........................................................................................................................ 24 5.2.1 Ambient temperature range .................................................................................................................... 24 5.2.2 Humidity range ............................................................................................................................................. 24 5.3 Power supply ................................................................................................................................................. 24 6 Construction requirements ...................................................................................................................... 25 6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25 6.2 Sealing .............................................................................................................................................................. 25 6.3 Time measuring functions ........................................................................................................................ 27 6.3.1 Clock .................................................................................................................................................................. 27 6.3.2 Time interval ................................................................................................................................................. 27 6.4 Casings ............................................................................................................................................................. 28 6.5 Indications ...................................................................................................................................................... 28 6.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 28 6.5.2 Electronic indicating device ..................................................................................................................... 30 6.6 Inputs for volume conversion .................................................................................................................. 30 6.7 Alarms in flow computer ........................................................................................................................... 31 6.7.1 Detection of defective operation situations ....................................................................................... 31 SIST EN 12405-3:2016

EN 12405-3:2015 (E) 3 6.7.2 Handling of volumes during maintenance .......................................................................................... 31 6.7.3 Memorization of metrological data ........................................................................................................ 31 6.7.4 Handling of alarms ....................................................................................................................................... 31 6.8 Specific monitoring functions performed by flow computer ........................................................ 31 6.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 31 6.8.2 Turbine Meter health check (Mechanical meter) ............................................................................. 33 6.8.3 USM health check (meter integrity check) .......................................................................................... 34 6.8.4 Gas analysis devices health check .......................................................................................................... 35 6.8.5 p-T transducer health check ..................................................................................................................... 36 6.8.6 Self check of the Z algorithm ..................................................................................................................... 36 6.8.7 Volume comparison ..................................................................................................................................... 36 6.8.8 Gas quality comparison .............................................................................................................................. 38 6.9 Cut-off function .............................................................................................................................................. 38 6.10 Long-term data storage .............................................................................................................................. 38 6.10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38 6.10.2 Categories of data to be stored ................................................................................................................ 39 6.10.3 Triggers and methods for storage .......................................................................................................... 39 6.10.4 Clock-time stamps ........................................................................................................................................ 40 6.10.5 Security (physical, electronic and software) ...................................................................................... 40 6.10.6 Error handling ............................................................................................................................................... 41 6.10.7 Long term data storage – Security audit ............................................................................................... 41 7 Installation requirements ......................................................................................................................... 42 7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 42 7.2 Calculator......................................................................................................................................................... 43 7.3 Temperature transducer ........................................................................................................................... 43 7.4 Pressure transducer .................................................................................................................................... 43 8 Performance ................................................................................................................................................... 44 8.1 Reference conditions ................................................................................................................................... 44 8.2 Rated operating conditions ....................................................................................................................... 44 8.3 Maximum permissible errors................................................................................................................... 44 8.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 44 8.3.2 Global approach: error of main indication .......................................................................................... 45 8.3.3 Modular approach: specific errors for a FC ......................................................................................... 45 8.4 Conditions of matching the constituent elements of a FC .............................................................. 45 8.5 Influence factors ........................................................................................................................................... 46 8.6 Disturbances ................................................................................................................................................... 46 8.7 Durability......................................................................................................................................................... 46 8.8 Repeatability .................................................................................................................................................. 46 8.9 Reliability ........................................................................................................................................................ 46 8.10 Adjustment and calibration of the transducers ................................................................................. 47 9 Tests of conformity ...................................................................................................................................... 47 9.1 Verification of the construction requirements .................................................................................. 47 9.2 Verification of the performance requirements ................................................................................. 48 9.2.1 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 48 9.2.2 Samples of FC required for testing ......................................................................................................... 49 10 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 50 11 Installation and operating instructions ............................................................................................... 51 Annex A (normative)

Type test .............................................................................................................................. 52 A.1 General conditions ....................................................................................................................................... 52 A.2 Accuracy tests under reference conditions ......................................................................................... 54 SIST EN 12405-3:2016

EN 12405-3:2015 (E) 4 A.3 Effect of ambient temperature ................................................................................................................ 55 A.4 Effect of damp heat, steady-state test ................................................................................................... 55 A.5 Effect of damp heat, cyclic test ................................................................................................................. 56 A.6 Electrical power variation ........................................................................................................................ 56 A.7 Short time power reductions ................................................................................................................... 57 A.8 Electrical bursts ............................................................................................................................................ 58 A.9 Electromagnetic susceptibility ................................................................................................................ 58 A.10 Electrostatic discharges ............................................................................................................................. 59 A.11 Overload of pressure (only for pressure transducers) .................................................................. 59 A.12 Effect of vibrations ....................................................................................................................................... 60 A.13 Effect of shocks .............................................................................................................................................. 60 A.14 Overload of pressure (mechanical) (only for pressure transducer) ......................................... 61 A.15 Durability ........................................................................................................................................................ 61 A.16 Alarms operation ......................................................................................................................................... 62 A.17 Repeatability .................................................................................................................................................. 63 A.18 Short time DC power variations .............................................................................................................. 63 A.19 Surges on supply lines and/or signal lines ......................................................................................... 64 A.20 Power frequency magnetic field ............................................................................................................. 64 Annex B (normative)

Pressure transducers ..................................................................................................... 65 B.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 65 B.2 Rated operating conditions ...................................................................................................................... 65 B.3 Construction requirements ...................................................................................................................... 65 B.4 Performances ................................................................................................................................................ 66 B.5 Tests of conformity ...................................................................................................................................... 67 B.6 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 67 Annex C (normative)

Temperature transducers ............................................................................................. 68 C.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 68 C.2 Rated operating conditions ...................................................................................................................... 68 C.3 Construction requirements ...................................................................................................................... 68 C.4 Performances ................................................................................................................................................ 69 C.5 Tests of conformity ...................................................................................................................................... 70 C.6 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 70 Annex D (normative)

Requirements and testing of meter error correction ......................................... 71 D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 71 D.2 Verification of the volumetric flow rate determination................................................................. 71 D.3 Verification of the gas density calculation procedure .................................................................... 71 D.4 Verification of the gas viscosity calculation procedures ............................................................... 72 D.5 Verification of the error transposition from e(Qi) to e(Rei) .......................................................... 72 D.6 Verification of the error function

interpolation or approximation ................ 73 D.7 Verification of correction factor F(Q) or F(Re), corrected flow rate and corrected volume determination................................................................................................................................ 73 D.8 Verification of the activation and deactivation of error correction calculations on limits of its application ............................................................................................................................... 73 Annex E (informative)

Range of application of meter error correction with functions:

e(Q) or e (Re) ............................................................................................................................................................ 74 E.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 74 E.2 Range of application .................................................................................................................................... 74 E.3 Example for turbine meters working at pop nearly constant ........................................................ 75 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 77

SIST EN 12405-3:2016

EN 12405-3:2015 (E) 5 European foreword This document (EN 12405-3:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 237 “Gas meters”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2016, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 2016. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. EN 12405 consists of the following parts: — Part 1: Volume conversion (and its amendments EN 12405-1:2005/A1:2006 and EN 12405-1:2005+A2:2010 to allow the harmonization of the standard with the Measuring Instruments Directive 2004/22/EC); — Part 2: Energy conversion; — Part 3: flow computer (this European Standard). In the preparation of this European Standard, the content of OIML Publication, “Recommendation 140 – measuring systems for gaseous fuel”, has been taken into account. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 12405-3:2016

EN 12405-3:2015 (E) 6 Introduction A high accuracy volume conversion device can be needed depending of the intended use. EN 12405-3 is established in order to meet severe requirements concerning accuracy and related functions. For the purpose of this European Standard, functions are described, although these functions can be physically located in different components (e.g. calibration curve programmed in the measuring equipment itself or in the calculator). Four main categories of functions are described to achieve data processing: — Sensor signal Acquisition functions: to process signals from physical quantity provided by sensors and transducers to measurands; — Sensor functions: to convert measurands to correct measurements, mostly based upon calibration results and filtering procedures; — Metering functions: to calculate derived values such as volume, calorific value, compression factor etc. based upon international standards and formulas and to take care of the supervision and monitoring for the purpose of high accuracy and substitution values; — Long Term Data Storage functions: to keep all relevant information necessary to construct or reconstruct calculated values: — for later legally relevant purposes (e.g. the conclusion of a commercial transaction); — for back up of the relevant data. SIST EN 12405-3:2016

EN 12405-3:2015 (E) 7

Figure 1 — Description of the functionalities of the flow computer calculator Modular and global approaches In the modular approach, the flow computer is an assembly of separate associated measuring instruments and a calculator, which are verified separately. Each instrument is verified according to its testing procedure, using the indication available on the calculator or on the associated measuring instrument itself. In this case, the indication shall correspond to the indication of that measuring instrument, which is directly performing volume conversion. The verification of the functions consists in verifying the calculation concerning each characteristic quantity of the gas and/or the calculation for the volume conversion. In case of external communication, sufficient resolution of required data is ensured during data transmission. The associated measuring instruments are validated for or with a type calculator in order to ensure the interoperability of the association. CVDD is covered in EN 12405-2. In the global approach, the flow computer is tested as a package including the calculator and its associated measuring instruments and functions. The testing procedures are given in Annex A. SIST EN 12405-3:2016

EN 12405-3:2015 (E) 8 1 Scope Part 3 of this European Standard specifies the requirements and tests for the construction, performance, safety and conformity of flow computers (FCs) used to meet the metrological and technical requirements of a high accuracy volume conversion device. They are used to determine volume of fuel gases, including those of the first and second families according to EN 437. For the purpose of this European Standard, only flow computers that are intended to operate with ultrasonic meters according to ISO 17089-1 or gas turbine meters conforming to EN 12261 are considered. For the purpose of this European Standard only classification classes E2 and M1 are considered for the flow computer calculator. FCs are equipped with external separate transducers for pressure and temperature which may be approved separately. The provisions concerning pressure and temperature transducers are given in Annex B and C. Requirements and tests are given for energy calculator in EN 12405-2. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 437, Test gases — Test pressures — Appliance categories EN 1776, Gas supply systems — Natural gas measuring stations — Functional requirements EN 12261, Gas meters — Turbine gas meters EN 12405-1:2005+A2:2010, Gas meters — Conversion devices — Part 1: Volume conversion EN 12405-2, Gas meters — Conversion devices — Part 2: Energy conversion EN 55011, Industrial, scientific and medical equipme

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