Fire hazard testing - Part 1-21: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products - Ignitability - Summary and relevance of test methods (IEC 60695-1-21:2016)

This part of IEC 60695 provides a summary of test methods that are used to determine the
ignitability of electrotechnical products or materials from which they are formed. It also
includes test methods in which, by design, ignitability is a significant quantifiable
characteristic.
It represents the current state of the art of the test methods and, where available, includes
special observations on their relevance and use. The list of test methods is not to be
considered exhaustive, and test methods which were not developed by the IEC are not to be
considered as endorsed by the IEC unless this is specifically stated.
This basic safety publication is intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of
standards in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and
ISO/IEC Guide 51.
One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of
basic safety publications in the preparation of its publications.

Prüfungen zur Beurteilung der Brandgefahr - Teil 1-21: Anleitung zur Beurteilung der Brandgefahr von elektrotechnischen Erzeugnissen - Entzündbarkeit - Zusammenfassung und Bedeutung der Prüfverfahren

Essais relatifs aux risques du feu - Partie 1-21: Lignes directrices pour l'évaluation des risques du feu des produits électrotechniques - Allumabilité - Résumé et pertinence des méthodes d'essais

L'IEC 60695-1-21:2016 donne un résumé des méthodes d'essai qui sont utilisées pour déterminer l'allumabilité des produits électrotechniques ou des matériaux à partir desquels ils sont fabriqués. Elle inclut également les méthodes d'essai pour lesquelles, par conception, l'allumabilité est une caractéristique quantifiable significative. Elle représente l'état de l'art de ces méthodes d'essai et, lorsque cela est applicable, inclut des observations spéciales concernant leur pertinence et leur utilisation. La liste des méthodes d'essai ne doit pas être considérée comme exhaustive et les méthodes d'essai qui n'ont pas été élaborées par l'IEC ne doivent pas être considérées comme étant entérinées par l'IEC sauf si cela est spécifiquement indiqué. La présente publication fondamentale de sécurité est destinée à être utilisée par les comités d'études pour l'élaboration de leurs normes conformément aux principes exposés dans le Guide IEC 104 et dans le Guide ISO/IEC 51. Elle n'est pas destiné à l'usage par des fabricants ou par des organismes de certification. Cette première édition de l'IEC 60695-1-21 annule et remplace la première édition de l'IEC TR 60695-1-21 parue en 2008. Cette édition constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente: - Changement d'un TR à une norme internationale; - Introduction modifiée; - Domaine d'application modifié; - Références normatives mises à jour; - Termes et définitions mis à jour; - Mises à jour et nouveau texte dans l'Article 4; - Complément de texte concernant l'ASTM D 3638; - Mises à jour de l'Annexe A et mises à jour de la bibliographie. Mots clés: Risques du feu, l'ingénierie de la sécurité incendie, Allumabilité

Preskušanje požarne ogroženosti - 1-21. del: Navodilo za ocenjevanje požarne ogroženosti elektrotehničnih izdelkov - Vžigljivost - Povzetek in pomen preskusnih metod (IEC 60695-1-21:2016)

Ta del standarda IEC 60695 zagotavlja pregled preskusnih metod, ki se uporabljajo za določevanje vžigljivosti elektrotehničnih izdelkov ali materialov, iz katerih so izdelani. Vključuje tudi preskusne metode, ki so zasnovane tako, da je vžigljivost pomembna merljiva lastnost.
Predstavlja trenutno najbolj izpopolnjene preskusne metode in vsebuje dodatna opažanja glede njihove primernosti in uporabe, če so na voljo. Seznam preskusnih metod ni popoln in preskusnih metod, ki jih ni razvil IEC, slednji ne podpira, razen če je navedeno drugače.
Ta osnovna varnostna publikacija je namenjena tehničnim odborom za pripravo standardov v skladu z načeli vodil IEC 104 in ISO/IEC 51.
Ena od pristojnosti tehničnih odborov je, da med pripravo publikacij uporabljajo osnovne varnostne publikacije, kadar je to primerno.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
28-Nov-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
16-Nov-2016
Due Date
21-Jan-2017
Completion Date
29-Nov-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
01-januar-2017
3UHVNXãDQMHSRåDUQHRJURåHQRVWLGHO1DYRGLOR]DRFHQMHYDQMHSRåDUQH

RJURåHQRVWLHOHNWURWHKQLþQLKL]GHONRY9åLJOMLYRVW3RY]HWHNLQSRPHQSUHVNXVQLK

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Fire hazard testing - Part 1-21: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical

products - Ignitability - Summary and relevance of test methods (IEC 60695-1-21:2016)

Essais relatifs aux risques du feu - Partie 1-21: Lignes directrices pour l'évaluation des

risques du feu des produits électrotechniques - Allumabilité - Résumé et pertinence des

méthodes d'essais
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 60695-1-21:2016
ICS:
13.220.40 Sposobnost vžiga in Ignitability and burning
obnašanje materialov in behaviour of materials and
proizvodov pri gorenju products
29.020 Elektrotehnika na splošno Electrical engineering in
general
SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 60695-1-21
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
November 2016
ICS 29.020; 13.220.40
English Version
Fire hazard testing - Part 1-21: Guidance for assessing the fire
hazard of electrotechnical products - Ignitability - Summary and
relevance of test methods
(IEC 60695-1-21:2016)

Essais relatifs aux risques du feu - Partie 1-21: Lignes Prüfungen zur Beurteilung der Brandgefahr - Teil 1-21:

directrices pour l'évaluation des risques du feu des produits Anleitung zur Beurteilung der Brandgefahr von

électrotechniques - Allumabilité - Résumé et pertinence des elektrotechnischen Erzeugnissen - Entzündbarkeit -

méthodes d'essais Zusammenfassung und Bedeutung der Prüfverfahren
(IEC 60695-1-21:2016) (IEC 60695-1-21:2016)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2016-10-12. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 60695-1-21:2016 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
EN 60695-1-21:2016
European foreword

The text of document 89/1336/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 60695-1-21, prepared by IEC/TC 89 "Fire

hazard testing" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN

60695-1-21:2016.
The following dates are fixed:
(dop) 2017-07-12
• latest date by which the document has to be
implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national (dow) 2019-10-12
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 60695-1-21:2016 was approved by CENELEC as a

European Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

ISO 11357 (Series) NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 11357 (Series).
ISO 4589-1:1996 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 4589-1:1999.
ISO 4589-2:1996 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 4589-2:1999.
ISO 4589-3:1996 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 4589-3:1999.
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SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
EN 60695-1-21:2016
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60695-1-20 - Fire hazard testing - Part 1-20: Guidance EN 60695-1-20 -
for assessing the fire hazard of
electrotechnical products - Ignitability -
General guidance
IEC 60695-1-30 - Fire hazard testing -- Part 1-30: Guidance EN 60695-1-30 -
for assessing the fire hazard of
electrotechnical products - Preselection
testing process - General guidelines
IEC 60695-4 2012 Fire hazard testing -- Part 4: Terminology EN 60695-4 2012
concerning fire tests for electrotechnical
products
IEC Guide 104 - The preparation of safety publications and - -
the use of basic safety publications and
group safety publications
ISO 13943 2008 Fire safety - Vocabulary EN ISO 13943 2010
ISO/IEC Guide 51 - Safety aspects - Guidelines for their - -
inclusion in standards
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SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
IEC 60695-1-21
Edition 1.0 2016-09
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
BASIC SAFETY PUBLICATION
PUBLICATION FONDAMENTALE DE SÉCURITÉ
Fire hazard testing –
Part 1-21: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products –
Ignitability – Summary and relevance of test methods
Essais relatifs aux risques du feu –

Partie 1-21: Lignes directrices pour l’évaluation des risques du feu des produits

électrotechniques – Allumabilité – Résumé et pertinence des méthodes d'essais
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 13.220.40, 29.020 ISBN 978-2-8322-3617-8

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
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SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
– 2 – IEC 60695-1-21:2016  IEC 2016
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................3

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................5

1 Scope ...........................................................................................................................7

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................7

3 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................8

4 Summary of published test methods ............................................................................ 12

4.1 General .............................................................................................................. 12

4.2 Tests using heated air or electrical heating .......................................................... 12

4.2.1 Determination of ignition temperature using a hot-air furnace, ISO 871 ......... 12

4.2.2 Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), ISO 11357 [1] ................................. 13

4.3 Tests using radiant heat ...................................................................................... 14

4.3.1 Heat release rate – Cone calorimeter method, ISO 5660-1 [4] ...................... 14

4.3.2 Heat release of insulating liquids, IEC TS 60695-8-3 [5] ............................... 15

4.3.3 Standard test method for determining material ignition and flame

spread properties, ASTM E 1321 [6] ............................................................. 16

4.3.4 Determination of the characteristic heat flux for ignition from a non-

contacting flame source, IEC TS 60695-11-11 [7] ......................................... 17

4.4 Oxygen index tests ............................................................................................. 17

4.4.1 Oxygen index – Ambient temperature test, ISO 4589-2 [8] ............................ 17

4.4.2 Oxygen index – Elevated temperature test, ISO 4589-3 [10] ......................... 18

4.5 Glowing/hot-wire based test methods .................................................................. 20

4.5.1 Glow wire tests, IEC 60695-2-11 [14], IEC 60695-2-12 [15] and

IEC 60695-2-13 [16] ..................................................................................... 20

4.5.2 Hot wire coil ignitability test, IEC 60695-2-20 and ASTM D 3874 [17] ............ 22

4.6 Flame tests ......................................................................................................... 23

4.6.1 Needle flame test, IEC 60695-11-5 [18] ........................................................ 23

4.6.2 50 W Horizontal and vertical flame test methods, IEC 60695-11-10 [19]

500 W flame test methods, IEC 60695-11-20 [20] ......................................... 24

4.6.3 1 kW nominal pre-mixed flame, IEC 60695-11-2 [23] .................................... 25

4.6.4 Vertical and 60° tests for aircraft components, FAR 25 [25] .......................... 25

4.7 Tests using an electrical arc ................................................................................ 26

4.7.1 Tracking index tests, IEC 60112 [26], ASTM D 3638 [27] .............................. 26

4.7.2 High-Current Arc Ignition (HAI), UL 746A – Sec. 32 [30] ............................... 28

4.7.3 High-voltage arc resistance to ignition (HVAR), UL 746A – Sec. 33 [31] ........ 28

Annex A (informative) Applicability of test methods ............................................................ 30

A.1 Applicability of test methods ................................................................................ 30

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................... 32

Table 1 – Main differences between IEC 60112 and ASTM D 3638 ...................................... 27

Table A.1 – Applicability of test methods (1 of 2) ................................................................. 30

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SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
IEC 60695-1-21:2016  IEC 2016 – 3 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
FIRE HAZARD TESTING –
Part 1-21: Guidance for assessing
the fire hazard of electrotechnical products –
Ignitability – Summary and relevance of test methods
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an

international consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation

from all interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60695-1-21 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 89:

Fire hazard testing.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
89/1336/FDIS 89/1339/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
– 4 – IEC 60695-1-21:2016  IEC 2016

It has the status of a basic safety publication in accordance with IEC Guide 104 and

ISO/IEC Guide 51.
This first edition of IEC 60695-1-21 cancels and replaces the first edition of
IEC TR 60695-1-21 published in 2008. It constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:
a) Change from a TR to an international standard;
b) Modified Introduction;
c) Modified Scope;
d) Updated normative references;
e) Updated terms and definitions;
f) Updates and new text in Clause 4;
g) Addition of text concerning ASTM D 3638;
h) Updates to Annex A;
i) Updates to the bibliography.

A list of all the parts in the IEC 60695 series, under the general title Fire hazard testing, can

be found on the IEC website.

The IEC 60695-1 series, under the general title Fire hazard testing, consists of the following

parts:

Part 1-10: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products – General

guidelines

Part 1-11: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products – Fire

hazard assessment

Part 1-12: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products – Fire safety

engineering

Part 1-20: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products – Ignitability

– General guidance

Part 1-21: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products – Ignitability

– Summary and relevance of test methods
Part 1-30: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products –
Preselection testing procedures – General guidelines

Part 1-40: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products – Insulating

liquids

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
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SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
IEC 60695-1-21:2016  IEC 2016 – 5 –
INTRODUCTION

Fires are responsible for creating hazards to life and property as a result of the generation of

heat (thermal hazard), and also as a result of the production of toxic effluent, corrosive

effluent and smoke (non-thermal hazard). Fires start with ignition and then can grow, leading

in some cases to flash-over and a fully developed fire. Ignition resistance is therefore one of

the most important parameters of a material to be considered in the assessment of fire

hazard. If there is no ignition, there is no fire.

For most materials (other than metals and some other elements), ignition occurs in the gas

phase. Ignition occurs when combustible vapour, mixed with air, reaches a high enough

temperature for exothermic oxidation reactions to rapidly propagate. The ease of ignition is a

function of the chemical nature of the vapour, the fuel/air ratio and the temperature.

In the case of liquids, the combustible vapour is produced by vaporization of the liquid, and

the vaporization process is dependent on the temperature and chemical composition of the

liquid.

In the case of solids, the combustible vapour is produced by pyrolysis when the temperature

of the solid is sufficiently high. The vaporization process is dependent on the temperature

and chemical composition of the solid, and also on the thickness, density, specific heat, and

thermal conductivity of the solid.

The ease of ignition of a test specimen depends on many variables. Factors that need to be

considered for the assessment of ignitability are:

a) the geometry of the test specimen, including thickness and the presence of edges,

corners or joints;
b) the surface orientation;
c) the rate and direction of air flow;
d) the nature and position of the ignition source;
e) the magnitude and position of any external heat flux; and
f) whether the combustible material is a solid or a liquid.

In the design of an electrotechnical product the risk of fire and the potential hazards

associated with fire need to be considered. In this respect the objective of component, circuit

and equipment design, as well as the choice of materials, is to reduce the risk of fire to a

tolerable level even in the event of reasonably foreseeable (mis)use, malfunction or failure.

Fires involving electrotechnical products can also be initiated from external non-electrical

sources. Considerations of this nature are dealt with in an overall fire hazard assessment.

The aim of the IEC 60695 series of standards is to save lives and property by reducing the

number of fires or reducing the consequences of the fire. This can be accomplished by:

• trying to prevent ignition caused by an electrically energised component part and, in the

event of ignition, to confine any resulting fire within the bounds of the enclosure of the

electrotechnical product.

• trying to minimise flame spread beyond the product’s enclosure and to minimise the

harmful effects of fire effluents including heat, smoke, and toxic or corrosive combustion

products.

For these reasons there are many tests used to evaluate the ignitability of electrotechnical

products and of the materials used in their construction. This part of IEC 60695 describes

ignitability test methods in common use to assess electrotechnical products, or materials

used in electrotechnical products. It also includes test methods in which, by design,

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SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
– 6 – IEC 60695-1-21:2016  IEC 2016

ignitability is a significant quantifiable characteristic. It forms part of the IEC 60695-1 series,

which gives guidance to product committees wishing to incorporate fire hazard test methods

in product standards.
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SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
IEC 60695-1-21:2016  IEC 2016 – 7 –
FIRE HAZARD TESTING –
Part 1-21: Guidance for assessing
the fire hazard of electrotechnical products –
Ignitability – Summary and relevance of test methods
1 Scope

This part of IEC 60695 provides a summary of test methods that are used to determine the

ignitability of electrotechnical products or materials from which they are formed. It also

includes test methods in which, by design, ignitability is a significant quantifiable

characteristic.

It represents the current state of the art of the test methods and, where available, includes

special observations on their relevance and use. The list of test methods is not to be

considered exhaustive, and test methods which were not developed by the IEC are not to be

considered as endorsed by the IEC unless this is specifically stated.

This basic safety publication is intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of

standards in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and
ISO/IEC Guide 51.

One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of

basic safety publications in the preparation of its publications.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their

content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition

cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document

(including any amendments) applies.

IEC 60695-1-20, Fire hazard testing – Part 1-20: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of

electrotechnical products – Ignitability – General guidance

IEC 60695-1-30, Fire hazard testing – Part 1-30: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of

electrotechnical products – Use of preselection testing procedures

IEC 60695-4:2012, Fire hazard testing – Part 4: Terminology concerning fire tests for

electrotechnical products

IEC Guide 104, The preparation of safety publications and the use of basic safety

publications and group safety publications
ISO/IEC Guide 51, Safety aspects – Guidelines for their inclusion in standards
ISO 13943:2008, Fire safety – Vocabulary
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SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
– 8 – IEC 60695-1-21:2016  IEC 2016
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 13943:2008 and

IEC 60695-4:2012 (some of which are reproduced below) and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
combustion
exothermic reaction of a substance with an oxidizing agent

Note 1 to entry: Combustion generally emits fire effluent accompanied by flames (3.10) and/or glowing.

[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.46]
3.2
end product
product that is ready for use without modification
Note 1 to entry: An end product can be a component of another end product.
[SOURCE: IEC 60695-4:2012, 3.2.7]
3.3
fire

〈general〉 process of combustion (3.1) characterized by the emission of heat and fire effluent

and usually accompanied by smoke, flame (3.10), glowing or a combination thereof

Note 1 to entry: In the English language the term “fire” is used to designate three concepts, two of which, fire

(3.4) and fire (3.5), relate to specific types of self-supporting combustion with different meanings and two of them

are designated using two different terms in both French and German.
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.96]
3.4
fire

〈controlled〉 self-supporting combustion (3.1) that has been deliberately arranged to provide

useful effects and is limited in its extent in time and space
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.97]
3.5
fire

〈uncontrolled〉 self-supporting combustion (3.1) that has not been deliberately arranged to

provide useful effects and is not limited in its extent in time and space
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.98]
3.6
fire hazard

physical object or condition with a potential for an undesirable consequence from fire (3.3)

[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.112]
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SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
IEC 60695-1-21:2016  IEC 2016 – 9 –
3.7
fire point

minimum temperature at which a material ignites and continues to burn for a specified time

after a standardized small flame (3.10) has been applied to its surface under specified

conditions
cf. flash point (3.15)

Note 1 to entry: In some countries the term "fire point" has an additional meaning: a location where fire fighting

equipment is sited, which may also comprise a fire-alarm call point and fire instruction notices.

Note 2 to entry: The typical units are degrees Celsius (°C).
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.119]
3.8
fire retardant, noun

substance added or a treatment applied to a material in order to delay ignition (3.19) or to

reduce the rate of combustion (3.1)
cf. flame retardant (3.11)

Note 1 to entry: The use of (a) fire retardant(s) does not necessarily suppress fire (3.3) or terminate combustion

(3.1).
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.123]
3.9
fire scenario

qualitative description of the course of a fire (3.5) with respect to time, identifying key events

that characterise the studied fire and differentiate it from other possible fires

Note 1 to entry: It typically defines the ignition (3.19) and fire growth processes, the fully developed fire (3.16)

stage, the fire decay stage, and the environment and systems that impact on the course of the fire.

[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.129]
3.10
flame, noun

zone in which there is rapid, self-sustaining, sub-sonic propagation of combustion (3.1) in a

gaseous medium, usually with emission of light
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.133, modified (addition of “zone in which there is”)]
3.11
flame retardant, noun

substance added, or a treatment applied, to a material in order to suppress or delay the

appearance of a flame (3.10) and/or reduce the flame spread rate
cf. fire retardant (3.8)

Note 1 to entry: The use of (a) flame retardant(s) does not necessarily suppress fire (3.3) or terminate

combustion (3.1).
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.139]
3.12
flaming combustion
combustion (3.1) in the gaseous phase, usually with emission of light
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SIST EN 60695-1-21:2017
– 10 – IEC 60695-1-21:2016  IEC 2016
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.148]
3.13
flash-ignition temperature
FIT

minimum temperature at which, under specified test conditions, sufficient flammable gases

are emitted to ignite momentarily on application of a pilot flame (3.10)
[SOURCE: ISO 871:2006, 3.1]
3.14
flash-over

〈stage of fire〉 transition to a state of total surface involvement in a fire (3.3) of combustible

materials within an enclosure
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.157]
3.15
flash point (ºC)

minimum temperature to which it is necessary to heat a material or a product for the vapours

emitted to ignite momentarily in the presence of flame (3.10), under specified test conditions

Note 1 to entry: The typical units are degrees Celsius (°C).
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.154]
3.16
fully developed fire
state of total involvement of combustible materials in a fire (3.5)
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.164]
3.17
glowing combustion

combustion (3.1) of a material in the solid phase without flame (3.10) but with emission of

light from the combustion zone
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.169]
3.18
ignitability
ease of ignition

measure of the ease with which a test specimen can be ignited, under specified conditions

[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008,
...

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