Agricultural machinery - Potato harvesting equipment - Safety

This standard specifies specific safety requirements and their verification for the design and construction of potato harvesting machines trailed, mounted or self-propelled which carry out one or more of the following operations: haulm chopping, lifting, picking-up, cleaning, conveying and unloading of potatoes.
This standard is applicable for machines which can be used without modification for harvesting of other crops.
In addition, it specifies the type of information on safe working practices to be provided by the manufacturer.
The list of significant hazards dealt with in this standard is given in Annex A. Annex A also indicates the hazards which have not been dealt with.
Environmental aspects have not been considered in this standard.
This standard applies primarily to machines which are manufactured after the date of issue of the standard.

Landmaschinen - Kartoffelerntemaschinen - Sicherheit

Diese Norm enthält besondere sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und deren Überprüfung für die Gestaltung und Konstruktion von gezogenen, angebauten oder selbstfahrenden Kartoffelerntemaschinen, die eine oder mehrere der folgenden Arbeiten ausführen: Krautschlagen, Roden, Aufsammeln, Reinigen, Fördern und Entladen von Kartoffeln.
Diese Norm gilt für Maschinen, die ohne Änderungen zur Ernte von anderen Früchten eingesetzt werden können.
Außerdem gibt sie Informationen über sicheres Arbeiten, die vom Hersteller zur Verfügung zu stellen sind.
Die Liste der signifikanten Gefährdungen, die in dieser Norm angesprochen werden, ist in Anhang A aufge-führt. Anhang A weist auch auf die Gefährdungen hin, die nicht behandelt wurden.
Die Umweltaspekte wurden in dieser Norm nicht in Betracht gezogen.
Diese Norm gilt in erster Linie für Maschinen, die nach dem Ausgabedatum der Norm hergestellt worden sind.

Matériel agricole - Matériel de récolte de pommes de terre -Sécurité

La présente norme détermine les prescriptions spécifiques de sécurité et les vérifications pour la conception et la
construction des machines de récolte de pommes de terre portées, traînées ou automotrices qui effectuent une ou
plusieurs des opérations suivantes : défanage, arrachage, ramassage, nettoyage, convoyage et déchargement des
pommes de terre.
Cette norme est applicable aux machines qui peuvent être utilisées, sans modification, pour la récolte
d'autres cultures.
En outre, elle spécifie le type d'informations que le fabricant doit donner sur les pratiques d'utilisation sûre.
La liste des phénomènes dangereux significatifs traités dans cette norme est donnée en Annexe A. L'Annexe A
indique également les phénomènes dangereux qui n'ont pas été traités.
Les aspects liés à l'environnement n'ont pas été pris en compte dans cette norme.
La présente norme s'applique avant tout aux machines fabriquées après la date de publication de la norme.

Kmetijski stroji - Stroji za spravilo krompirja - Varnost

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Sep-2009
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
03-Sep-2009
Due Date
08-Nov-2009
Completion Date
14-Sep-2009

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Kmetijski stroji - Stroji za spravilo krompirja - VarnostLandmaschinen - Kartoffelerntemaschinen - SicherheitMatériel agricole - Matériel de récolte de pommes de terre -SécuritéAgricultural machinery - Potato harvesting equipment - Safety65.060.50Oprema za spravilo pridelkovHarvesting equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13118:2000+A1:2009SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009en,fr01-november-2009SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13118:2000+A1
July 2009 ICS 65.060.50 Supersedes EN 13118:2000English Version
Agricultural machinery - Potato harvesting equipment - Safety
Matériel agricole - Matériel de récolte de pommes de terre -Sécurité

Landmaschinen - Kartoffelerntemaschinen - Sicherheit This European Standard was approved by CEN on 28 July 2000 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 23 May 2009.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13118:2000+A1:2009: ESIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009

EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)
Contents Foreword

.................................................................................................................................................................... 3Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 41Scope ......................................................................................................................................................... 42Normative references ............................................................................................................................... 43Terms and definitions............................................................................................................................... 54Safety requirements and/or measures ................................................................................................... 54.1General ....................................................................................................................................................... 54.2Controls ..................................................................................................................................................... 64.3Rear-view ................................................................................................................................................... 64.4Haulm chopping device............................................................................................................................ 64.5Crop lifting devices ................................................................................................................................. 104.6Cleaning and conveying devices .......................................................................................................... 104.7Sorting platform ...................................................................................................................................... 104.8Tipping and/or high-tip hopper ............................................................................................................. 124.9Unloading device .................................................................................................................................... 125Verification of the safety requirements and/or measures .................................................................. 126Information for use ................................................................................................................................. 126.1Instruction handbook ............................................................................................................................. 126.2Marking .................................................................................................................................................... 13Annex ZA (informative)

!!!!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC"""" ............................................................................................................ 31Annex ZB (informative)

!!!!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC"""" ........................................................................................................ 32Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................. 33 SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009

EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)

Foreword This document (EN 13118:2000+A1:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 144 "Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry", the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2010, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2010. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2009-05-23. This European Standard supersedes EN 13118:2000. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags ! ". This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). ! For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this document." Annexes B, C and D are informative. Annex A is normative and contains the "List of hazards". According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009

EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)

Introduction This European standard is a type C standard as stated in EN 1070:1998. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards are covered are indicated in the scope of this standard. Hazards that are common to all the agricultural machines (self-propelled, mounted, semi-mounted and trailed) are dealt with in EN 1553:1999. 1 Scope This standard specifies specific safety requirements and their verification for the design and construction of potato harvesting machines trailed, mounted or self-propelled which carry out one or more of the following operations: haulm chopping, lifting, picking-up, cleaning, conveying and unloading of potatoes. This standard is applicable for machines which can be used without modification for harvesting of other crops. In addition, it specifies the type of information on safe working practices to be provided by the manufacturer. The list of significant hazards dealt with in this standard is given in Annex A. Annex A also indicates the hazards which have not been dealt with. Environmental aspects have not been considered in this standard. This standard applies primarily to machines which are manufactured after the date of issue of the standard. 2 Normative references This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including amendments). EN 292-1:1991, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design - Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology. EN 292-2:1991, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design - Part 2: Technical principles and specifications (including amendment A1:1995). EN 294:1992, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent danger zones being reached by the upper limbs. EN 418:1992, Safety of machinery - Emergency stop equipment, functional aspects - Principles for design. EN 547-3:1996, Safety of machinery – Human body measurements – Part 3: Anthropometric data. prEN 620:1998, Continuous handling equipment and systems – Safety requirements for fixed belt conveyors for bulk material. EN 1553:1999, Agricultural machinery - Agricultural self-propelled, mounted, semi-mounted and trailed machines – Common safety requirements. ISO 9533:1989, Earth-moving machinery – Machine-mounted forward and reverse audible warning alarm – Sound test method. SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009

EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)

3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this standard the terms and definitions given in EN 292-1:1991 and EN 292-2:1991 apply together with the following. NOTE Examples of machines and components, illustrating the following definitions are given in Annex B. 3.1 haulm chopping device device to remove and to evacuate the haulm prior to lifting the crop 3.2 haulm stripping device device to separate haulm from the potatoes after lifting 3.3 crop lifting device device to lift the crop from the soil 3.4 cleaning device device mainly intended to separate the crop from the soil adhering to it 3.5 clod and stone removal devices devices to remove unwanted soil, stones and clods from the lifted crop 3.6 sorting platform workplace for sorting on the machine 3.7 two-way communication ability to convey a message/sound etc in either direction between sorting platforms and the machine or tractor operator 3.8 conveying device device which transports the crop from one part of the machine to another 3.9 unloading device device which transfers the crop out of the machine 3.10 high-tip hopper hopper equipped with a system to raise the tipping axis in relation to the chassis 4 Safety requirements and/or measures 4.1 General The machinery shall comply as appropriate with EN 292 for hazards which are not dealt with and especially with Annex A of EN 292-2:1991/A.1:1995 when EN 292 does not give precise requirements. Unless otherwise specified in this standard, the machine shall comply with the requirements of

EN 1553:1999 and to Tables 1, 3, 4 and 6 of EN 294:1992. SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009

EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)

4.2 Controls On self-propelled machines, the starting and the stopping of the moving parts shall be controlled only from the operator's station. On trailed and mounted machines, the starting and the stopping of moving parts shall be controllable only from the driver's station of the towing machine. On machines with a sorting platform, emergency stop equipment complying with EN 418 shall be accessible from each workplace to stop the conveyor of the sorting platform. The accessibility shall be determined according to EN 547-3. The controls for the adjustment of moving parts shall be located so that they can be operated from the driver's station and/or the sorting platform and with the guards in place. Tipping and/or high-tip controls shall be of the hold-to-run type and shall be operated from the driver's station. 4.3 Rear-view Self-propelled machines shall be fitted with an audible warning alarm complying with ISO 9533. This alarm shall be automatically engaged during reversing manoeuvres. This alarm is not required if the machine is equipped with a closed circuit television (CCTV) which permits the driver to have a clear view on the rear of the machine. 4.4 Haulm chopping device 4.4.1 Protection against unintentional contact with the tools Machines shall be designed or guarded in such a way that any unintentional contact with the tools at the front, at the rear and at the sides and on the top is avoided. On the top, an imperforate guard shall cover the tools at least up to the outer points of their path. At the front, at the rear and at the sides of the accessible zones, the protective devices shall be:  a barrier located at a maximum height of 400 mm from the lowest point of the tools path and at a minimum horizontal distance of 200 mm from the tools path (see Figure 1a). It shall be possible to fold the lateral barriers for transport. They shall remain attached to the machine and be secured in position; or  an imperforate guard, located near the tools and in such a way that its lower edge extends by a minimum of 3 mm below the tools path (see Figure 1b); or  a combination of these two previous protective devices. The projection on a horizontal plane of these protective devices shall be continuous. SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009

EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres1 – barrier 2 – tools path 3 – imperforate guard

Figure 1 a – Protection ensured by a barrier Figure 1 b – Protection ensured by an imperforate guard Figure 1 — Haulm chopping device –Protective devices 4.4.2 Conveyor Any mobile elements of the conveyor located less than 850 mm from the outer contour of the machine shall be guarded except the ejection outlet. This ejection outlet shall be fitted with:  a protective device composed of: a) on the top, an imperforate guard which extends beyond the outer part of the conveyor by a minimum of 150 mm (see Figure 2). When a conveyor belt is used, the lower edge of the top guard shall be placed at 200 mm maximum above the upper plane of the conveyor belt (see Figure 3); b) at the outer point of the conveyor:  when an auger is used, a fixed guard, the lower end of which shall extend at least

50 mm below the axis of the screw (see Figure 2);  when a conveyor belt is used, a barrier located in the horizontal plane at 150 mm minimum from any mobile part of the conveyor and in the vertical plane at 200 mm maximum above the upper plane of the conveyor belt (see Figure 4). The lateral part of the conveying belt shall be guarded against unintentional contact in accordance with 5.1 of prEN 620:1998. or  a mobile guard which completely seals the ejection outlet and automatically returns to the closed position when no more material is ejected (see Figure 5). SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009

EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres

1 – imperforate top guard 2 – fixed guard 3 – axis of the screw Figure2 Dimensions in millimetres

1 – imperforate top guard 2 – conveyor belt
Figure3 SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009
EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
1 – barrier 2 – conveyor belt
Figure4 SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009
EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
1 – barrier Figure 5

4.5 Crop lifting devices The rotating parts of the power crop lifting devices shall stop when the crop lifting devices are in a raised position. 4.6 Cleaning and conveying devices 4.6.1 Belts The entry and contact points of the bottom run of the cleaning and conveying belts shall be guarded.

The lateral part of conveying belts shall be guarded against unintentional contact in accordance with 5.1 of

prEN 620:1998. 4.6.2 Rollers The rotating parts of cleaning rollers, haulm stripping devices, clod and stone removal devices shall be guarded against contact from above and on the sides by:  fixed guards (according to 3.22.1 of EN 292-1:1991) if they do not need to be opened for cleaning and for clearing blockages; or  fixed guards needing a tool for their opening. These guards shall remain attached to the machine when opened (for example by means of hinges) and automatically lock in the closed position without the use of a tool; or  interlocking movable guards (according to 3.22.4 of EN 292-1:1991); or  movable guards fitted with a device which prevents their opening so long as the parts are moving. The side guards shall extend below the moving parts for a distance of at least 120 mm. NOTE Requirements for removing blockages will be added in a future revision of this standard. Some suggestions for the prevention of hazards related to blockages and removal of blockages are given in Annex C for information.

4.7 Sorting platform The sorting platform shall fulfil the requirements of 4.1.5.3 of EN 1553:1999. SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009

EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)

Boarding means shall fulfil the requirements of 4.1.6 of EN 1553:1999. In addition, unintentional contact between feet and the moving parts of the wheel shall be prevented. Boarding means which are located in line with a wheel shall not reach in the track, whatever the adjustment of the machine track, and shall be distant from the wheel profile at least 150 mm (see Figure 6) or it shall be ensured by design that it is not possible to go up or down during travel. The handrail/handhold shall fulfil the requirements of 4.1.5.2 of EN 1553:1999. A two-way communication system shall be provided.

Machines with a sorting platform shall be fitted with an audible warning alarm intended to draw the attention on the starting of the moving parts. For self-propelled machines, this warning alarm shall be automatically engaged. NOTE Requirements for the ergonomic aspects of the sorting platform will be added in a future revision of this standard. This will cover the hazards generated by people working at the sorting platform only.

Dimensions in millimetres

1 – wheel 2 – boarding means 3 – machine Figure 6 – Location of boarding means (top view) SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009

EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)

4.8 Tipping and/or high-tip hopper Within accessible zones, between moving parts of the hopper and the frame, a distance of at least 25 mm shall be provided throughout. Mechanical supports complying with 4.1.7.3 of EN 1553:1999 shall be provided in order to enable maintenance and service operations to be carried out by the operator under the hopper in raised position. Machines fitted with a tipping hopper shall be stable when emptying. This requirement is checked in the following conditions:  the machine is placed on a slope of 5°, with its longitudinal axis positioned across the slope;  in the case of lateral tipping, the tipping shall be directed down slope;  in the case of rear tipping, the machine shall be placed successively up the slope and across the slope;  when the hopper is lifted and tilted at its maximum position, a vertical force equal to half of the load capacity of the hopper is applied downwards at the centre of the hopper. In the case of high-tip hopper machines, when the hopper is lifted at its highest position and not tilted, a vertical force equal to the load capacity of the hopper is applied at the centre of the hopper. 4.9 Unloading device The machine shall be so designed that the operator can supervise the unloading process from the driver's station. Mechanical supports complying with 4.1.7.3 of EN1553:1999 shall be provided in order to enable maintenance and service operations to be carried out by the operator under unloading devices in raised position. It shall be possible for the operator to fit and remove the mechanical supports from outside the hazard zone. The unloading devices shall be supplied with a device to lock them in the transport position if the risk exists that the unloading device moves from its transport position.

NOTE Additional requirements and/or test method on locking devices will be added in a future revision of the standard.

5 Verification of the safety requirements and/or measures Values, where required, shall be verified by measurements. Controls shall be verified by a functional test and positional measurements; guards by functional test. 6 Information for use 6.1 Instruction handbook Comprehensive instructions and information on all aspects of maintenance and the safe use of the machine shall be provided in the instruction handbook. It shall comply with 5.5 of EN 292-2:1991. In particular, the following points shall be emphasized: a) the hazards of stones being ejected from the front of the haulm chopping device; b) residual hazards caused by operating mobile elements; c) the hazards related to lack of stability when working due to conditions of soil; d) that the machine travel and powered parts shall be stopped before any intervention; e) the tools (provided with the machine) to be used and the instructions to be followed for clearing blockages (including a reminder that engine shall be turned off first before any manual clearing of blockages); SIST EN 13118:2001+A1:2009

EN 13118:2000+A1:2009 (E)

f) the need to apply mechanical locking devices to support raised parts before carrying

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