Refuse collection vehicles - General requirements and safety requirements - Part 3: Front loaded refuse collection vehicles

This document applies to front loaded refuse collection vehicle (RCV), as defined in 3.2 with closed system defined in 3.13.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the front loaded RCV, when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, throughout its foreseeable lifetime, as defined in Clause 4.
This document is applicable to the design and construction of the front loaded RCV so as to ensure that it is fitted for its function and can be operated adjusted and maintained during its entire lifetime. It is not applicable to the end of life of the front loaded RCV.
prEN 1501-3 describes and defines the safety requirements of front loaded RCV excluding the interface with the lifting device(s) and excluding the lifting device itself and excluding loader cranes, which could be mounted on the RCV.
Safety requirements for the lifting device(s), loader cranes and their interface to the RCV are defined in prEN 1501-5.
Safety requirements for loader cranes are defined in EN 12999. Additional requirements to loader cranes installed as a loading device for handling containers for refuse or recyclable material on RCVs are defined in prEN 1501 5.
This document also applies to compactors, operated on a truck for collecting purposes.
This document is not applicable to:
-   operation in severe conditions e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as:
-   below −25 °C and above +40 °C temperatures;
-   tropical environment;
-   wind velocity in excess of 75 km/h;
-   contaminating environment;
-   corrosive environment;
-   operation in potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. hot refuses, acids and bases, radioactive materials, contaminated refuse, especially fragile loads, explosives);
-   operation on ships.
This document is not applicable to machinery which is manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

Abfallsammelfahrzeuge - Allgemeine Anforderungen und Sicherheitsanforderungen - Teil 3: Frontlader

Dieses Dokument gilt für Frontlader-Abfallsammelfahrzeuge (ASF), wie nach 3.2 definiert mit einem geschlossenen System, wie nach 3.13 definiert.
Dieses Dokument behandelt alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Ereignisse im Hinblick auf Frontlader-ASF bei bestimmungsgemäßer Verwendung und bei Zuständen von Missbrauch, welche vom Hersteller während der voraussichtlichen Lebensdauer vernünftigerweise vorhersehbar sind, wie in Abschnitt 4 festgelegt.
Dieses Dokument gilt für die Gestaltung und Konstruktion eines Frontlader-ASF, um sicherzustellen, dass es für seine Funktion geeignet ist und dass es während seiner gesamten Lebensdauer betrieben, eingestellt und instand gehalten werden kann. Es gilt nicht für das Ende der Lebensdauer des Frontlader-ASF.
prEN 1501-3 beschreibt und spezifiziert die Sicherheitsanforderungen an Frontlader-ASF unter Ausschluss der Schnittstelle mit der (den) Schüttung(en) und der Schüttung selbst und unter Ausschluss von Ladekranen, die auf das ASF montiert werden könnten.
Sicherheitsanforderungen an die Schüttung(en), die Ladekrane und deren Schnittstelle mit dem ASF sind in prEN 1501-5 spezifiziert.
Sicherheitsanforderungen an Ladekrane sind in EN 12999 festgelegt. Zusätzliche Anforderungen an Ladekrane, die als Beladeeinrichtung zur Aufnahme von Abfallsammelbehältern oder recycelbaren Stoffen auf ASF installiert sind, werden in prEN 1501-5 spezifiziert.
Dieses Dokument gilt auch für Verdichter, die auf einem LKW zu Sammelzwecken betrieben werden.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für:
-   Betrieb unter Extrembedingungen, z. B. extreme Umgebungsbedingungen, wie:
-   Temperaturen unter −25 °C und über +40 °C;
-   tropische Umgebung;
-   Windgeschwindigkeiten von mehr als 75 km/h;
-   verunreinigende Umgebung;
-   korrosive Atmosphäre;
-   Betrieb in explosionsfähigen Atmosphären;
-   Handhabung von Ladungen, die Gefährdungssituationen auslösen können (z. B. heiße Abfälle, Säuren und Basen, radioaktive Stoffe, verunreinigter Abfall, besonders zerbrechliche Ladungen, Explosivstoffe);
-   Einsatz auf Schiffen.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Maschinen, die vor dem Datum der Veröffentlichung dieses Dokumentes durch CEN hergestellt wurden.

Véhicules de collecte de déchets - Exigences générales et exigences de sécurité - Partie 3 : Véhicules de collecte des déchets à chargement frontal

Le présent document s’applique aux véhicules de collecte de déchets (V.C.D.) à chargement frontal, tels que définis en 3.2 avec le système fermé défini en 3.13.
Le présent document traite de tous les dangers, situations et phénomènes dangereux importants relatifs aux V.C.D. à chargement frontal, tels que définis à l’Article 4, lorsqu’ils sont utilisés conformément aux attentes et dans des conditions de mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisibles par le fabricant, durant toute leur durée de vie prévue.
Le présent document est applicable à la conception et à la fabrication des V.C.D. à chargement frontal, en vue de garantir que les véhicules puissent accomplir leur fonction et être utilisés, réglés et entretenus durant leur durée de vie entière. Il ne s’applique pas à la fin de vie des V.C.D. à chargement frontal.
Le prEN 1501-3 décrit et définit les exigences de sécurité des V.C.D. à chargement frontal, à l’exclusion de l’interface avec le(s) lève-conteneurs et du lève-conteneur lui-même, et à l’exclusion des grues de chargement pouvant être montées sur les V.C.D.
Les exigences de sécurité des lève-conteneurs, des grues de chargement et de leur interface avec le V.C.D. sont définies dans le prEN 1501 5.
Les exigences de sécurité des grues de chargement sont définies dans l’EN 12999. Le prEN 1501-5 définit des exigences supplémentaires pour les grues de chargement montées sur les V.C.D. servant de dispositif de chargement pour la manipulation des conteneurs à déchets ou à déchets recyclables.
Le présent document s’applique également aux compacteurs utilisés sur un camion pour la collecte.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas :
-   au fonctionnement dans des conditions difficiles, par exemple, des conditions environnementales extrêmes, telles que :
-   des températures inférieures à -25 °C et supérieures à +40 °C ;
-   un environnement tropical ;
-   une vitesse de vent dépassant 75 km/h ;
-   aux milieux polluants ;
-   aux environnements corrosifs ;
-   au fonctionnement dans des atmosphères potentiellement explosives ;
-   à la manutention de chargements dont la nature pourrait donner lieu à des situations dangereuses (par exemple, déchets chauds, acides et bases, matériaux radioactifs, déchets contaminés, chargements particulièrement fragiles, explosifs) ;
-   au fonctionnement sur les navires.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux machines fabriquées avant la date de publication de ce document par le CEN.

Vozila za zbiranje odpadlov - Splošne in varnostne zahteve - 3. del: Vozila za zbiranje odpadkov z nakladanjem spredaj

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
25-Apr-2018
Publication Date
15-Apr-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
08-Apr-2021
Due Date
13-Jun-2021
Completion Date
16-Apr-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1501-3:2021
01-junij-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1501-3:2008
Vozila za zbiranje odpadlov - Splošne in varnostne zahteve - 3. del: Vozila za
zbiranje odpadkov z nakladanjem spredaj

Refuse collection vehicles - General requirements and safety requirements - Part 3:

Front loaded refuse collection vehicles

Abfallsammelfahrzeuge - Allgemeine Anforderungen und Sicherheitsanforderungen - Teil

3: Frontlader

Véhicules de collecte de déchets - Exigences générales et exigences de sécurité - Partie

3 : Véhicules de collecte des déchets à chargement frontal
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1501-3:2021
ICS:
13.030.40 Naprave in oprema za Installations and equipment
odstranjevanje in obdelavo for waste disposal and
odpadkov treatment
43.160 Vozila za posebne namene Special purpose vehicles
SIST EN 1501-3:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 43.160 Supersedes EN 1501-3:2008
English Version
Refuse collection vehicles - General requirements and
safety requirements - Part 3: Front loaded refuse
collection vehicles

Véhicules de collecte de déchets - Exigences générales Abfallsammelfahrzeuge - Allgemeine Anforderungen

et exigences de sécurité - Partie 3 : Véhicules de und Sicherheitsanforderungen - Teil 3: Frontlader

collecte des déchets à chargement frontal
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 February 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1501-3:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9

4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 15

5 Safety requirements and protective measures ................................................................................. 18

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.2 Danger zones ................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.3 Compaction mechanism ............................................................................................................................. 20

5.4 Discharge system ......................................................................................................................................... 22

5.5 Requirements for refuse container lifting device(s) and interfaces ......................................... 24

5.6 Top door(s) (if present) ............................................................................................................................. 24

5.7 Hydraulic, pneumatic and electric powered systems ..................................................................... 24

5.8 Operating symbols ....................................................................................................................................... 24

5.9 Riding on front loaded RCV by operator(s) ........................................................................................ 26

5.10 Control systems ............................................................................................................................................ 27

5.11 Monitoring and warning ............................................................................................................................ 29

5.12 Electrical components ................................................................................................................................ 31

5.13 Requirements for maintenance .............................................................................................................. 32

5.14 Stability and driving security................................................................................................................... 33

5.15 Exhaust pipe ................................................................................................................................................... 34

5.16 Ventilation of the body ............................................................................................................................... 34

5.17 Vibration ......................................................................................................................................................... 34

5.18 Noise control .................................................................................................................................................. 35

6 Verification ..................................................................................................................................................... 36

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 36

7.1 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 36

7.2 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 38

7.3 Spare parts list .............................................................................................................................................. 38

7.4 Data sheet ....................................................................................................................................................... 38

7.5 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 39

Annex A (informative) Components of the vehicle ....................................................................................... 40

Annex B (informative) Volumes ........................................................................................................................... 41

Annex C (normative) Basic scenarios of different danger zones ............................................................. 42

Annex D (informative) Illuminated areas ........................................................................................................ 48

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ............................................... 49

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 54

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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1501-3:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 183 “Waste

management”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2021 and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1501-3:2008.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are listed below:
— document has been completely revised and restructured;
— European foreword and Introduction have been updated;
— Clause 1, Scope, has been slightly revised and clarified;
— Clause 2, Normative references, have been updated;
— in Clause 3, new terms and definitions have been added and others revised;
— Table 1 has been updated;

— Table 2 “Basic scenarios and applicable danger zones” and a completely new Annex C with multiple

figures of danger zones has been added;

— previous Table 3 “Verification” has been deleted and information integrated in Table 1;

— requirements on compaction mechanism (5.3), discharge system (5.4), lifting devices (5.5), remote

controls (5.10.3.4), monitoring and warning (5.11), maintenance (5.13), stability (5.14), noise

control (5.18) and many more have been revised;
— Annex A and B have been revised;
— Annex D “Illuminated areas” has been added;
— Annex ZA has been updated.
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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)

EN 1501 consists of the following parts under the general title Refuse collection vehicles — General

requirements and safety requirements:
— Part 1: Rear loaded refuse collection vehicles;
— Part 2: Side loaded refuse collection vehicles;
— Part 3: Front loaded refuse collection vehicles (this part);
— Part 4: Noise test code for refuse collection vehicles;
— Part 5: Lifting devices for refuse collection vehicles.

This document will be enforced at the same time as EN 1501-5:2021 and applied whenever the front

loaded RCV is fitted with a lifting device.

For combinations of a front loaded refuse collection vehicle with rear and/or side loading capability the

corresponding clauses of standards EN 1501-1:2021, EN 1501-2:2021 and EN 1501-5:2021 apply.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100:2010.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-

B standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the

other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this

type-C standard.

This standard is designed for careful consideration by designers, manufacturers, suppliers and users of

front loaded RCVs.

This document should be read in conjunction with EN 1501-5:2021 developed for lifting devices which

are compatible with the refuse collection vehicle specified in this document.
While producing this document it was assumed that:

— for RCV the requirements of road traffic regulations apply. Where road traffic regulations are in

conflict with the provisions of this standard, the road regulations have priority;

— due to the European regulations on the approval of vehicles for use on public roads, the

requirements of UN/ECE R10:2019 for an RCV with regard to EMC applies. Therefore, EMC is not

further considered in this standard;

— the guidelines issued by the chassis-cab manufacturer have been taken into account;

— chassis related safety items are handled by the chassis manufacturer according to their state of the

art and in compliance with the public road regulations;

— that based on measurements on different types of RCVs hand-arm vibrations are in general lower

than 2,5 m/s ;

— that based on measurements on different types of RCVs whole-body vibrations are lower than

0,5 m/s ;
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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)

— components without specific requirements are designed in accordance with the usual engineering

practice and calculation codes, including all failure modes, of sound mechanical and electrical

construction and made of materials with adequate strength and of suitable quality;

— components are kept in good repair and working order, so that the required characteristics remain

despite wear and tear;

— harmful materials, such asbestos, are not used as part of the front loaded RCV;

— only persons who have been appropriately trained will operate the front loaded RCV.

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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This document applies to a front loaded refuse collection vehicle (RCV), as defined in 3.2.

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the front

loaded RCV, when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably

foreseeable by the manufacturer, throughout its foreseeable lifetime, as defined in Clause 4.

This document is applicable to the design and construction of the front loaded RCV so as to ensure that

it is fitted for its intended function and can be operated, cleaned (including unblocking), adjusted and

maintained during its entire lifetime. It is not applicable to the end of life of the front loaded RCV.

This document describes and defines the safety requirements of the front loaded RCV excluding the

interface with the lifting device(s) and excluding the lifting device itself and excluding loader cranes,

which could be mounted on the RCV.

Safety requirements for the lifting device(s), loader cranes and their interface to the RCV are defined in

EN 1501-5:2021.

Safety requirements for loader cranes are defined in EN 12999:2020. Additional specific requirements

to loader cranes installed on RCVs are defined in EN 1501-5:2021.

This document also applies to compactors, operated on a truck for collecting purposes.

This document is not applicable to:
— operation in severe conditions, e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as:
— below −20 °C and above +40 °C temperatures;
— tropical environment;
— wind velocity in excess of 75 km/h;
— contaminating environment;
— corrosive environment;
— operation in potentially explosive atmospheres;

— handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. hot refuses, acids and

bases, radioactive materials, contaminated refuse, especially fragile loads, explosives);

— operation on ships.

This document is not applicable to machinery which is manufactured before the date of publication of

this document by CEN.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 547-1:1996+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Human body measurements - Part 1: Principles for

determining the dimensions required for openings for whole body access into machinery

EN 547-2:1996+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Human body measurements - Part 2: Principles for

determining the dimensions required for access openings
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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)

EN 894-1:1997+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and

control actuators - Part 1: General principles for human interactions with displays and control actuators

EN 894-2:1997+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and

control actuators - Part 2: Displays

EN 894-3:2000+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and

control actuators - Part 3: Control actuators

EN 894-4:2010, Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control

actuators - Part 4: Location and arrangement of displays and control actuators

EN 1501-1:2021, Refuse collection vehicles - General requirements and safety requirements - Part 1: Rear

loaded refuse collection vehicles

EN 1501-4:2007, Refuse collection vehicles and their associated lifting devices - General requirements and

safety requirements - Part 4: Noise test code for refuse collection vehicles

EN 1501-5:2021, Refuse collection vehicles - General requirements and safety requirements - Part 5:

Lifting devices for refuse collection vehicles

EN 60204-1:2018, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60204-1:2016, modified)

EN 60529:1991, , Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN 61310-1:2008, Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation - Part 1: Requirements for

visual, acoustic and tactile signals (IEC 61310-1:2007)

EN ISO 374-1:2016 , Protective gloves against dangerous chemicals and micro-organisms - Part 1:

Terminology and performance requirements for chemical risks (ISO 374-1:2016)
EN ISO 2867:2011, Earth-moving machinery - Access systems (ISO 2867:2011)

EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413:2010)

EN ISO 4414:2010, Pneumatic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4414:2010)

EN ISO 7731:2008, Ergonomics - Danger signals for public and work areas - Auditory danger signals (ISO

7731:2003)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13732-1:2008, Ergonomics of the thermal environment - Methods for the assessment of human

responses to contact with surfaces - Part 1: Hot surfaces (ISO 13732-1:2006)
1) As impacted by EN 60529:1991/A1:2000 and EN 60529:1991/A2:2013.
2) As impacted by EN ISO 374-1:2016/A1:2018.
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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)

EN ISO 13849-2:2012, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 2: Validation

(ISO 13849-2:2012)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery - Emergency stop function - Principles for design (ISO

13850:2015)

EN ISO 13854:2019, Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body

(ISO 13854:2017)

EN ISO 13857:2019, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by

upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2019)

EN ISO 14118:2018, Safety of machinery - Prevention of unexpected start-up (ISO 14118:2017)

EN ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery - Guards - General requirements for the design and construction

of fixed and movable guards (ISO 14120:2015)

EN ISO 14122-2:2016, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 2: Working

platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2016)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
refuse collection vehicle
RCV

vehicle used for the collection and transportation of refuse (e.g. household refuse, bulky refuse,

recyclable materials) based on loading via refuse containers or by hand

Note 1 to entry: Most of the time it consists of a chassis or rigid chassis onto which a bodywork is mounted.

Sometimes it can also be a truck and trailer combination.

Note 2 to entry: A RCV is a special purpose vehicle described in 2007/46/EC Annex II, Part A, 5.8.

[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.1]
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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)
3.2
front loaded RCV
RCV into which the refuse or recyclable materials are loaded from the front

Note 1 to entry: In front loaded RCV's refuse is transferred manually or mechanically from the front over the

rave rail into a hopper. A compaction mechanism, if fitted, then transfers and compacts the refuse from the hopper

into a fixed or interchangeable body of the front loaded RCV. To discharge, either the body is tilted, rotated or an

ejection device is used. The trajectory of the refuse container is over the top of the cab or the front axle, regardless

where the refuse container is picked up.
3.3
cab

enclosure mounted on the chassis in front of the bodywork where the operator drives and control the

RCV and where other potential operator(s) can sit
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.3]
3.4
bodywork

assembly of all components fitted on the chassis-cab of the RCV including the body itself

Note 1 to entry: The bodywork can be fixed or interchangeable. The bodywork also includes either a

compaction mechanism, a lifting device or (a) footboard(s) or any combination of the three.

[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.4]
3.5
body
part of the bodywork in which the collected refuse is transported

Note 1 to entry: It may be fixed or interchangeable or rotate as part of the compaction mechanism.

Note 2 to entry: To discharge the collected refuse, the body is either tilted or rotated or an ejection system is

used.
Note 3 to entry: See 2 in Figure A.1.
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.5 — modified, Note 3 to entry added]
3.6
discharge door
part of the bodywork, connected to the body without compaction mechanism

Note 1 to entry: It is designed to be opened to discharge the collected refuse or recyclable materials.

[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.8]
3.7
hopper

part of the bodywork into which the refuse is loaded either manually or mechanically

[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.9]
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SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)
3.8
capacity of the hopper

volume of non-compacted refuse the hopper contains up, measured in cubic metres rounded off to one

decimal place, when the compaction mechanism is in its fully retracted position
Note 1 to entry: See V1 in Figure B.1.
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.10 — modified, Note 1 to entry added]
3.9
manual mode

mechanism achieving either each movement or each sequence of movements by a hold-to-run

command

Note 1 to entry: Each sequence of movements means two or more movements in one sequence.

[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.14]
3.10
semi-automatic mode

mechanism achieving either each movement or each sequence of movements by a manual pulse start

command

Note 1 to entry: A sequence of movements means two or more movements in one sequence.

[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.15]
3.11
automatic mode
mechanism achieving a sequence of movements by a pulse start command
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.16]
3.12
open and closed systems

distinct configurations of the compaction mechanism in relation to its accessibility for the operator

[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.18]
3.12.1
open system

configuration where the operator can reach the hazardous area of the compaction mechanism from the

level on which the operator is standing
3.12.2
closed system

configuration where the operator cannot reach the hazardous area of the compaction mechanism from

the level on which the operator is standing
3.13
cab shield

plate fitted to the front of the hopper for protection of the cab and the space between the cab and the

bodywork from falling objects
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)
3.14
compaction mechanism

mechanism used to compact and/or transfer refuse and recyclable materials from the hopper into the

body
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.17]
3.15
discharge system
mechanism and movement for emptying the body
EXAMPLE: Ejection plate, rotating drum, tipping, walking floor.
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.19]
3.15.1
ejection plate

means of emptying the body by moving the ejection plate to the rear after opening the tailgate or the

discharge door if needed
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.19.1]
3.15.2
rotating drum

means of emptying of the body by rotation of the drum after opening the tailgate or the discharge door

if needed
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.19.2]
3.15.3
tipping

means of emptying of the body by tilting the body after opening the tailgate or the discharge door if

needed
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.19.3]
3.16
designated refuse container
refuse container compatible with the lifting device
[SOURCE: EN 1501-5:2021, 3.15]
3.17
lifting device
mechanism fitted onto the RCV for loading refuse into its body
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.21]
3.18
danger zone

any zone within and/or around machinery in which a person may be exposed to a potential risk to his

health or safety
Note 1 to entry: See Annex C.
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.24]
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN 1501-3:2021
EN 1501-3:2021 (E)
3.19
interlocking guard

guard associated with an interlocking device so that, together with the control system of the machine,

the following functions are performed:

— the hazardous machine functions “covered” by the guard cannot operate until the guard is closed;

— if the guard is opened while hazardous machine functions are operating, a stop command is given,

and

— when the guard is closed, the hazardous machine functions “covered” by the guard can operate (the

closure of the guards does not by itself start the hazardous machine functions)
Note 1 to entry: EN ISO 14119:2013 gives detailed provisions.
[SOURCE: ISO 12100:2010, 3.27.4]
3.20
operator
person trained to operate the RCV
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.25]
3.21
working station
location where the RCV is operated during normal use
Note 1 to entry: Inspection, cleaning and maintenance are excluded.
[SOURCE: EN 1501-5:2021, 3.25]
3.22
travel movement
unrestricted motorized movement of the RCV
[SOURCE: EN 1501-1:2021, 3.28]
3.23
access door
door in t
...

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