Protective gloves for professional motorcycle riders - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard applies to protective gloves for motorcycle riders. It specifies the requirements for sizing, ergonomics, innocuousness, mechanical properties, marking and information for users. It also describes the appropriate test methods.

Schutzhandschuhe für Motorradfahrer - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Schutzhandschuhe für Motorradfahrer. Sie legt die Anforderungen an Größengestaltung, ergonomische Merkmale, Unschädlichkeit, mechanische Eigenschaften, Kennzeichnung und Anwenderinformationen fest. Sie beschreibt außerdem geeignete Prüfverfahren.

Gants de protection pour motocyclistes - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne s’applique aux gants de protection pour motocyclistes. Elle spécifie les exigences en matière de taille, d’ergonomie, d’innocuité, de propriétés mécaniques, de marquage et d’informations aux utilisateurs. Elle décrit également les méthodes d’essai appropriées.

Varovalne rokavice za poklicne voznike motornih koles - Zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard se uporablja za varovalne rokavice za voznike motornih koles. Določa zahteve glede velikosti, ergonomike, neškodljivosti, mehanskih lastnosti, označevanja in informacij za uporabnike. Opisuje tudi ustrezne preskusne metode.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
19-Jun-2012
Publication Date
07-Sep-2015
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
03-Sep-2015
Due Date
08-Nov-2015
Completion Date
08-Sep-2015

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 13594:2015
English language
31 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Varovalne rokavice za poklicne voznike motornih koles - Zahteve in preskusne metodeSchutzhandschuhe für Motorradfahrer - Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenGants de protection pour motocyclistes - Exigences et méthodes d'essaiProtective gloves for professional motorcycle riders - Requirements and test methods43.140Motorna kolesa in mopediMotor cycles and mopeds13.340.40Varovanje dlani in rokHand and arm protectionICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13594:2015SIST EN 13594:2015en,fr,de01-oktober-2015SIST EN 13594:2015SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 13594:20021DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13594:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13594
August 2015 ICS 13.340.40 Supersedes EN 13594:2002English Version
Protective gloves for motorcycle riders - Requirements and test methods
Gants de protection pour motocyclistes - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

Schutzhandschuhe für Motorradfahrer - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on 3 July 2015.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13594:2015 ESIST EN 13594:2015

EN 13594:2015 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword .............................................................................................................................................4 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................5 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................6 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................6 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................6 4 Requirements .........................................................................................................................................6 4.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................6 4.2 Innocuousness .......................................................................................................................................7 4.3 Hard inclusions ......................................................................................................................................7 4.4 Ergonomic requirements ......................................................................................................................7 4.5 Sizing and cuff length ...........................................................................................................................7 4.6 Restraint .................................................................................................................................................7 4.7 Tear strength ..........................................................................................................................................7 4.8 Seam strength ........................................................................................................................................8 4.9 Cut resistance ........................................................................................................................................8 4.10 Impact abrasion resistance ..................................................................................................................8 4.11 impact protection of knuckles ..............................................................................................................8 5 Test Equipment ......................................................................................................................................9 5.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................9 5.2 Glove restraint testing wrist .................................................................................................................9 5.3 Impact test apparatus ......................................................................................................................... 10 6 Test Procedures .................................................................................................................................. 10 6.1 Test samples and test pieces ............................................................................................................ 10 6.2 Conditioning glove samples and test pieces ................................................................................... 10 6.3 Hard inclusions ................................................................................................................................... 10 6.4 Sizing, length examination of cuff, position of knuckle protection ............................................... 10 6.5 Restraint .............................................................................................................................................. 10 6.6 Tear strength ....................................................................................................................................... 11 6.7 Seam strength ..................................................................................................................................... 11 6.8 Impact abrasion resistance ............................................................................................................... 11 6.9 Determination of Impact attenuation ................................................................................................ 11 7 Marking ................................................................................................................................................ 12 8 Information supplied by the manufacturer ...................................................................................... 12 9 Pictogram ............................................................................................................................................ 13 Annex A (normative)

Ergonomic and size testing ....................................................................................... 15 A.1 Principle ............................................................................................................................................... 15 A.2 Procedure for ergonomic evaluation ................................................................................................ 15 A.3 Test report ........................................................................................................................................... 15 Annex B (normative)

Test method for determination of seam strength .................................................... 16 B.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................... 16 B.2 Preparation of Test Pieces ................................................................................................................. 16 B.3 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................ 18 SIST EN 13594:2015

EN 13594:2015 (E) 3 B.4 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. 18 B.5 Calculation of results .......................................................................................................................... 20 B.6 Test report ............................................................................................................................................ 20 Annex C (normative)

Test method for determination of impact abrasion resistance ............................... 21 C.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................... 21 C.2 Samples ................................................................................................................................................ 21 C.3 Test pieces ........................................................................................................................................... 21 C.4 Area to be tested ................................................................................................................................. 21 C.5 Marking point “C” as the centre of the area to be tested ................................................................ 22 C.6 Cutting the test piece out of the glove sample................................................................................. 22 C.7 Conditioning ........................................................................................................................................ 23 C.8 Test apparatus ..................................................................................................................................... 23 C.9 Test pieces ........................................................................................................................................... 25 C.10 Testing procedure ............................................................................................................................... 26 C.11 Test report ............................................................................................................................................ 27 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC ....................................................................................... 31

SIST EN 13594:2015

EN 13594:2015 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 13594:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2016 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2017. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 13594:2002. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. The main technical changes with respect to EN 13594:2002 are listed below: a) the restriction to professional motorcycle riders has been removed; b) the definition of professional motorcycle rider has been deleted; c) a second performance level has been introduced; d) definitions concerning knuckle protection, fourchettes and wrist line have been added; e) the artificial wrist for restraint test has been modified; f) requirements on dye fastness have been removed; g) former Annex A on motorcyclists’ injuries and selection of protective gloves has been deleted. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13594:2015

EN 13594:2015 (E) 5 Introduction Motorcyclists’ gloves are intended to give protection against ambient conditions without unduly reducing the users’ dexterity in operating the motorcycle’s controls and switches. In addition, the gloves are intended to give mechanical protection to the hands and wrists in accidents. The particular hazards common to motorcycle accidents are impacts with the motorcycle, conflicting vehicles, road furniture, and/or the road surface. The selection of the gloves by a rider depends on a variety of factors, such as the motorcycling discipline, the weather conditions, the frequency of putting on and taking off the gloves, and the duration that the gloves are typically worn. In order to encourage the adoption of certified protection by the highest possible number of users, two performance levels are specified for gloves. These are level 1 for gloves designed to give protection while having low ergonomic penalties associated with their use and level 2 for gloves providing increased protection with respect to level 1. There may be, however, weight and restriction penalties associated with level 2 protection. SIST EN 13594:2015

EN 13594:2015 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard applies to protective gloves for motorcycle on-road use. It specifies the requirements for sizing, ergonomics, innocuousness, mechanical properties, impact protection, marking and information for users. It also describes the appropriate test methods. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 388, Protective gloves against mechanical risks EN 420, Protective gloves - General requirements and test methods EN 1621-1, Motorcyclists' protective clothing against mechanical impact - Part 1: Motorcyclists' limb joint impact protectors - Requirements and test methods ISO 6344-2, Coated abrasives - Grain size analysis - Part 2: Determination of grain size distribution of macrogrits P12 to P220 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 388 and EN 420 and the following apply. 3.1 zone of knuckle protection zone of the glove that is intended to provide additional specific protection to the knuckles; this zone is subject to specific testing for impact resistance Note 1 to entry: The knuckles are the 4 projections of the metacarpo-phalangeal joints on the back of the hand. 3.2 protective layer any material (i.e. not necessarily the outer layer) in a single piece or multiple pieces and/or layers that, joined together by seams or other means, make up the continuous and mechanically strong structure of the glove from the fingertip to the top of the cuff 3.3 fourchettes part of the gloves connecting front and back side in the interspaces between the four fingers excluding the thumb 3.4 wrist line line coinciding with the first crease which occurs closest to the base of the palm 4 Requirements 4.1 General All gloves shall meet the requirements of 4.2 to 4.4. A level 1 glove shall meet all level 1 requirements of 4.5 to 4.10 and, where relevant, of 4.11. SIST EN 13594:2015

EN 13594:2015 (E) 7 A level 2 glove shall meet all level 2 requirements of 4.5 to 4.11. 4.2 Innocuousness Gloves shall meet all of the innocuousness requirements laid down in EN 420. 4.3 Hard inclusions Hard sharp edges or sharp points shall not be present as a part of the interior or exterior of the glove. Metallic, ceramic, plastic or similar hard materials present as studs, staples, rivets, plates, or similar structures, used to form part of the protective layer of the glove shall not present a hazard to the hand. Examination shall be carried out in accordance with 6.3. 4.4 Ergonomic requirements When tested in accordance with the method described in Annex A, the assessor shall be able to carry out all the defined movements without any significant problem or hazard being encountered. 4.5 Sizing and cuff length Motorcyclists gloves shall comply with the sizing system as defined in EN 420 or other suitable sizing system as described in the user’s information. When worn by an assessor with appropriate hand size, the cuff length measured from the wrist line of the assessor shall be in conformity with Table 1. Table 1 — Minimum cuff length Level 1 ≥ 15 mm Level 2 ≥ 50 mm 4.6 Restraint An adjustable restraint system shall be incorporated into the wrist or cuff. When tested in accordance with 6.5, the restraint system shall meet the requirements of Table 2. Table 2 — Minimum restraint force Level 1 ≥ 25 N Level 2 ≥ 50 N 4.7 Tear strength When tested in accordance with 6.6, the protective layer shall meet the requirements of Table 3. Table 3 — Minimum requirements of tear strength Tear strength (protective layer) Level 1 Level 2 Palm and palm side of fingers ≥ 25 N ≥ 35 N Cuff, back and back side of fingers ≥ 18 N ≥ 30 N Fourchettes ≥ 18 N ≥ 25 N SIST EN 13594:2015

EN 13594:2015 (E) 8 4.8 Seam strength When tested in accordance with 6.7 and Annex B, all seams or joints between pieces of material forming the protective layer shall meet the requirements of Table 4. Seams attaching decorative overlays to the protective layer are not subject to this requirement. Table 4 — Minimum requirements of seam strength Seam strength (protective layer) Level 1

Level 2

Main assembly seams ≥ 6 N/mm ≥ 10 N/mm Fourchettes ≥ 4 N/mm ≥ 7 N/mm 4.9 Cut resistance Testing all layers together in accordance with the relevant method of EN 388, the minimum index of cut resistance shall meet the requirements of Table 5. This requirement does not apply to the fourchettes. Table 5 — Minimum requirements of cut resistance Index of cut resistance (all layers together) Level 1 Level 2 Palm face ≥ 1,2 ≥ 1,8 Back face not required ≥ 1,2 4.10 Impact abrasion resistance When tested in accordance with 6.8, the mean abrasion time and any single abrasion time shall meet the relevant requirements of Table 6. Table 6 — Minimum requirements of resistance to impact abrasion (in seconds) Impact abrasion resistance (palm face / all layers) Level 1 Level 2 single abrasion time ≥ 3,0 s ≥ 6,0 s mean abrasion time ≥ 4,0 s ≥ 8,0 s 4.11 impact protection of knuckles The following requirements for impact attenuation are optional for level 1 gloves; they are mandatory for level 2 gloves and for all gloves designed and constructed to attenuate impact energy in the knuckle area. The correct position of the protection of the four knuckles shall be assessed in accordance with 6.9 and Table A.1, question 7. When tested in accordance with 6.9 with an impact energy of 5 J, the mean peak of transmitted force and each single test result shall meet the requirements of Table 7. SIST EN 13594:2015

EN 13594:2015 (E) 9 Table 7 — Minimum requirements of impact attenuation Impact attenuation resistance (knuckle protection / all layers) Level 1 (optional) Level 2 (mandatory) single result ≤ 9,0 kN ≤ 5,0 kN Mean transmitted force ≤ 7,0 kN ≤ 4,0 kN In addition, no part of the glove shall crack or shatter producing sharp edges, and the soft split leather (substance 0,8 mm ± 0,1 mm) between the test piece and the anvil shall not be torn or holed. 5 Test Equipment 5.1 General Measuring instruments, unless otherwise specified, shall be accurate to ± 2 % of the pass/fail level of the characteristic being measured. Unless otherwise specified, a tolerance of ± 3 % applies to the indicated dimensions. The testing equipment shall comply with the specifications given by this standard or the normative references cited in it. 5.2 Glove restraint testing wrist The test wrists shall be made of aluminium with polished surfaces. Each test wrist shall consist of a cylindrical body with a hook or other means of attachment at one end and a “mushroom” shaped extension at the other end (see Figure 1) The dimensions are given in Table 8. If necessary, smaller or bigger test wrists may be used, provided their dimensions maintain the same relative proportions as given in Table 8. Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 1 — Glove restraint testing cone Table 8 — Dimensions of test wrist in mm Test wrist n° Cylindrical part diameter d1 Widest part diameter d2 Length l 1 44 ± 1 58 ± 1 80 ± 4 2 50 ± 1 66 ± 1 86 ± 4 3 56 ± 1 74 ± 1 92 ± 4 4 62 ± 1 82 ± 1 98 ± 4 5 68 ± 1 90 ± 1 104 ± 4 6 74 ± 1 98 ± 1 110 ± 4 The radius r of the rounded “mushroom” head shall be half of d2. SIST EN 13594:2015

EN 13594:2015 (E) 10 5.3 Impact test apparatus The apparatus and instrumentation shall be as specified in EN 1621-1 for impact testing, except that the mass of the striker shall be 2,5 kg ± 0,01 kg, the striker shall have a flat face that is 80 mm ± 2 mm in diameter, and the top surface of the anvil shall have a radius of convex dome curvature of 100 mm ± 1 mm. 6 Test Procedures 6.1 Test samples and test pieces As far as compatible with the size range of the model under examination, samples to be tested shall be of different sizes and test pieces shall be taken from different sizes. Whenever possible, test pieces shall be taken from whole gloves; where this is not possible, samples of equivalent materials and assemblies as the glove to be tested may be used. 6.2 Conditioning glove samples and test pieces Only when possible cleaning is claimed, the cleaning method indicated in the manufacturer’s information for use shall be applied to the samples as a pre-treatment to testing; the number of treatments shall meet the maximum number of treatments indicated by the manufacturer. In absence of such indication the cleaning cycle (each cycle including complete drying) shall be carried out 5 times. Pre-treatments are not required where the user’s information recommends only trivial surface cleaning (e.g. wiping with a damp sponge), which is not considered to affect the performance of the gloves. Unless otherwise specified in the particular test procedure, gloves and test pieces shall be conditioned in an atmosphere of 23 °C ± 2 °C and 50 % ± 5 % relative humidity for a minimum period of 24 h before testing except for the procedure in Annex A (ergonomic testing). Testing shall be carried out in the conditioning environment or shall be started within 10 min after removal of the test pieces from that environment. 6.3 Hard inclusions The gloves shall be examined visually and by carrying out the ergonomic exercises of Table A.1 to detect any hard or sharp edges, seams, buckles or other items that might injure the user or other persons. The gloves shall be examined for hard inclusions such as studs, rivets and staples. The results of the examinations shall meet the requirements in 4.3 and shall be recorded in the test report. 6.4 Sizing, length examination of cuff, position of knuckle protection Gloves shall fit in accordance with relevant instructions supplied by the manufacturers. The cuff length shall meet the requirements of Table 1. Measurement is carried out, with the adjustment system being fastened, from the anatomical wrist line (palm side) of an assessor of appropriate hand size to the end of the cuff. (See also 3.4.) If knuckle protection is present, its appropriate position covering all of the four knuckles on the hand back shall be assessed in accordance with Table A.1, question 7. The results of the examinations shall be recorded in the test report. 6.5 Restraint Two samples of different sizes of the glove model shall be tested. The whole glove is fitted onto the testing wrist (see 5.2) which best fits to its size. The larger part (“mushroom” shape) of the testing wrist lies inside the glove. The restraint system of the glove shall be securely fastened around the cylindrical section of the test wrist. A clamp is attached to the digits 2 to 5 of the glove sample, or wires or laces are threaded through those digits, or another equivalent clamping system is used to attach the digits to a single fixation point. The other fixation point is connected to the end of the cylindrical part of the test wrist; both fixation points are then pulled SIST EN 13594:2015

EN 13594:2015 (E) 11 apart gradually over a period of 3 s to 10 s until the applicable separating force of Table 2 (25 N + 2 N for level 1 or 50 N + 2 N for level 2) has been reached and maintained for 30 s. A tensile testing machine with a speed of 100 mm ± 10 mm per minute may be used, provided that such testing device allows to maintain the applicable separating force for 30 s after reaching it. The test shall be carried out three times on each glove and it shall be readjusted for each test. The glove shall not pull off the test wrist in any of the three tests. The pass/fail result, the glove sizes and the numbers of the test wrists used shall be recorded in the test report. 6.6 Tear strength Three test pieces of each type of material forming the protective layer shall be tested in accordance with the relevant method of EN 388. The lowest result obtained on a single test piece shall comply with the applicable performance requirement in Table 3 (4.7) for the listed parts of the glove. If necessary, the size of the test pieces may be reduced to not less than 50 % of the linear dimensions given in EN 388, otherwise testing may be carried out on test pieces cut from sheet material of equivalent quality. 6.7 Seam strength Three test pieces of each seam type shall be tested according to the test procedure in Annex B. Each type of seam or joint between materials forming the protective layer (see 3.2 and 4.8) shall be tested. When the material on one or both sides of the seam includes more than one layer (e.g. cover material and liner), that composition shall be maintained in the test piece and those layers shall be tested together. Test pieces shall be cut from whole gloves wherever possible (see also 6.1). The seam strength shall be calculated by dividing the breaking force by the length of the tested seam. The calculated mean value of each seam type shall comply with the applicable performance requirement of 4.8. 6.8 Impact abrasion resistance Resistance to impact abrasion shall be tested in accordance with Annex C. 6.9 Determination of Impact attenuation Impact testing shall be carried out according to EN 1621-1, modified however by the requirements given in 4.11, the impact test apparatus given in 5.3 and the following instructions: a) Principle: The impact test shall be performed in a way that the centre of the falling weight hits directly the zone where the glove covers the centre of one of the four knuckles. b) Number of samples and tests: 1) use 4 sample gloves, each one to be hit once; 2) as far as possible the 4 sample gloves shall be of different sizes; 3) each one out of the 4 single tests shall be carried out on a different knuckle. c) defining the test spot on gloves without a visible impact protection element: The glove sample shall be donned by an assessor with appropriate hand size who shall then firmly grip a cylindrical bar of diameter 32 mm ± 5 mm and length ≥ 120 mm and the position of the most prominent points of the knuckles to be tested shall be marked on the back of the glove. The same procedure shall be repeated with 2 other assessors. The triangle between the 3 marked points on the chosen knuckle will be the area to be placed onto the centre of the testing anvil. SIST EN 13594:2015

EN 13594:2015 (E) 12 d) defining the test spot on gloves with a visible impact protection element: once the correct position of the protection element has been confirmed by the ergonomic assessment of Table A.1, question 7, the most prominent part of the shield over the chosen knuckle shall be marked as the point which will have to be placed onto the centre of the anvil. e) Preparation of samples: The glove samples previously marked as described above shall be opened out flat, e.g. by cutting along the junction of palm and back; f) Place a piece of soft split leather (0,8 – 1,0 mm, e.g. chamois leather) over the 100 mm radius dome of the anvil. Position the sample with the previously marked impact point onto the centre of the dome. Raise the 2,5 kg striker with a flat impactor face to a height that will provide the required impact energy of 5 J ± 0,1 J when touching the test piece. Release the impactor a

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.