Child care articles - Child carriers - Safety requirements and test methods - Part 1: Framed back carrier

This European Standard specifies the safety requirements and test methods for child back carriers with framed support to carry the child in an essentially seated position. Framed back carriers are intended for children from 6 months of age up to a maximum weight of 22kg and are designed to be attached to a carer’s torso allowing a hands-free operation e.g.: standing, walking.
If the framed back carrier has other functions not covered in this European Standard, reference should be made to the relevant European Standard.

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Kindertragen - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren - Teil 1: Rückentragen mit Gestell

Dieses Dokument legt die Sicherheitsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Rückentragen mit Stützrahmen fest, die dafür konstruiert sind, ein Kind in sitzender Position zu tragen. Rückentragen mit Gestell sind für Kinder ab 6 Monaten bis zu einem Höchstgewicht von 18 kg vorgesehen und so konstruiert, dass das Kind auf dem Rücken des Erwachsenen getragen wird, wobei die Trage am Oberkörper des Erwachsenen angebracht ist, um diesem Handfreiheit zum Ausübung von Tätigkeiten etwa im Stehen und/oder Gehen zu ermöglichen.
Dieses Dokument behandelt keine Rückentragen mit Gestell für Kinder mit besonderen Bedürfnissen.
Wenn die Rückentrage mit Gestell Funktionen aufweist, die nicht von diesem Dokument behandelt werden, sollte auf die entsprechende Europäische Norm verwiesen werden.

Articles de puériculture - Porte-enfants - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai - Partie 1 : Porte-enfants dorsaux à armature

Le présent document spécifie les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d’essai applicables aux porte-enfants dorsaux à armature destinés à porter un enfant en position assise. Les porte-enfants dorsaux à armature sont destinés à être utilisés pour des enfants à partir de l’âge de 6 mois et jusqu’à un poids maximal de 18 kg, et sont conçus pour porter l’enfant sur le dos du porteur et pour être attachés au buste du porteur en lui permettant de garder les mains libres, par exemple lorsqu’il se tient debout ou qu’il marche.
Note Les justifications relatives à l’ajout de certaines exigences données dans le présent document sont fournies dans l’Annexe B.
Le présent document ne couvre pas les porte-enfants dorsaux à armature destinés aux enfants ayant des besoins particuliers.
Si le porte-enfant dorsal à armature possède d’autres fonctions non couvertes par le présent document, il convient de se référer à la Norme européenne correspondante.

Izdelki za otroke - Oprema za nošenje otrok - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode - 1. del: Nahrbtniki z ogrodjem

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za nahrbtnike z ogrodjem za prenašanje otroka v sedečem položaju. Nahrbtnik z ogrodjem je namenjen otrokom od 6 mesecev starosti do teže največ 22 kg, ki si ga uporabnik namesti na hrbet, kar mu omogoča proste roke, ko npr. stoji ali hodi. Če ima nahrbtnik z ogrodjem druge funkcije, ki jih ta evropski standard ne zajema, je priporočljiv sklic na zadevni evropski standard.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
01-Jun-2017
Publication Date
18-May-2022
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
02-Aug-2021
Due Date
07-Oct-2021
Completion Date
19-May-2022

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
English language
31 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day
Draft
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
English language
27 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
01-junij-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 13209-1:2005
Izdelki za otroke - Oprema za nošenje otrok - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne
metode - 1. del: Nahrbtniki z ogrodjem

Child care articles - Child carriers - Safety requirements and test methods - Part 1:

Framed back carrier
Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Kindertragen - Sicherheitstechnische
Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren - Teil 1: Rückentragen mit Gestell

Articles de puériculture - Porte-enfants - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai -

Partie 1 : Porte-enfants dorsaux à armature
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13209-1:2021
ICS:
97.190 Otroška oprema Equipment for children
SIST EN 13209-1:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
July 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.190 Supersedes EN 13209-1:2004
English Version
Child care articles - Child carriers - Safety requirements
and test methods - Part 1: Framed back carrier

Articles de puériculture - Porte-enfants - Exigences de Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Kindertragen -

sécurité et méthodes d'essai - Partie 1 : Porte-enfants Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und

dorsaux à armature Prüfverfahren - Teil 1: Rückentragen mit Gestell
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 25 January 2021.

This European Standard was corrected and reissued by the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre on 23 December 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIO N
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUN G
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13209-1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.1 Small parts cylinder ....................................................................................................................................... 7

4.2 Feeler gauge ...................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.3 Test torso ........................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.4 Test masses and dummy ............................................................................................................................... 9

4.4.1 Test mass A ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.4.2 Test mass B ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.4.3 Test mass C ..................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.4.4 Test mass D ..................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.4.5 Test mass E ..................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.4.6 Test dummy .................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.5 Test platform ................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.6 Test probes for finger entrapment ........................................................................................................ 12

4.6.1 Finger probe with hemispherical end .................................................................................................. 12

4.6.2 Finger probe for mesh ................................................................................................................................ 13

4.6.3 Shape assessment probe............................................................................................................................ 13

5 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 14

5.1 Order of tests ................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 14

5.3 Tolerances ...................................................................................................................................................... 15

6 Chemical hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 15

6.1 Migration of certain elements ................................................................................................................. 15

6.2 Formaldehyde ............................................................................................................................................... 16

7 Thermal hazards .......................................................................................................................................... 16

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

7.2 Flammability .................................................................................................................................................. 16

7.2.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 16

7.2.2 Test methods.................................................................................................................................................. 16

8 Mechanical hazards ..................................................................................................................................... 16

8.1 Entrapment of fingers ................................................................................................................................. 16

8.1.1 Requirement .................................................................................................................................................. 16

8.1.2 Test method.................................................................................................................................................... 16

8.2 Edges, projections and corners ............................................................................................................... 17

8.3 Choking and ingestion hazards ............................................................................................................... 17

8.3.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 17

8.3.2 Test methods.................................................................................................................................................. 17

8.4 Entanglement hazards ................................................................................................................................ 18

8.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 18

8.4.2 Test methods.................................................................................................................................................. 18

8.5 Stability ............................................................................................................................................................ 19

8.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 19

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)

8.5.2 Test method.................................................................................................................................................... 19

8.6 Protective function ...................................................................................................................................... 20

8.6.1 Child restraint system ................................................................................................................................ 20

8.6.2 Carer’s attachment system ....................................................................................................................... 20

8.6.3 Structural integrity ...................................................................................................................................... 21

9 Suffocation hazards from packaging materials ................................................................................. 21

10 Product information ................................................................................................................................... 22

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 22

10.2 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 22

10.3 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 22

10.4 Instructions for use ..................................................................................................................................... 22

10.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 22

10.4.2 Warnings ......................................................................................................................................................... 23

10.4.3 Additional information .............................................................................................................................. 23

Annex A (normative) Warnings............................................................................................................................ 24

Annex B (informative) Rationales ....................................................................................................................... 29

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 31

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 13209-1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 252

"Child use and care articles", the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of

an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2022, and conflicting national

standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by July 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the

subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN 13209-1:2004.
In comparison with EN 13209-1:2004, the following changes were made:

— Clarified the scope, which includes a maximum weight for which the product is intended;

— Improvement of definitions including the addition of the definition of framed back carrier;

— Conversion to a hazard based format;
— Introduction of additional test masses;
— Reduction in tolerances;
— Update of chemical requirements;
— Update of flammability requirements and test methods;

— Increase in size of bounded openings in recognition of the age of the child for which the

product is intended;
— Improvement of entanglement hazard requirements and addition of test methods;
— Improvement of the test methods for the carer’s attachment system;
— Introduction of warning for packaging materials;
— Introduction of purchase information;
— Addition of warning translations;
— Addition of rationales.

This document has been prepared under a Standardization Request given to CEN by the

European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential

requirements of EU Directive(s) / Regulation(s).
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national

standards body. A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of

the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium,

Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies the safety requirements and test methods for child back carriers with

framed support to carry a child in a seated position. Framed back carriers are intended for

children from 6 months of age up to a maximum weight of 18 kg and are designed to carry the

child on the carer’s back and be attached to a carer’s torso allowing a hands-free operation e.g.

standing, walking.

Note The rationales for the inclusion of some of the requirements given in this document are given

in Annex B.

This document does not cover framed back carriers designed for children with special needs.

If the framed back carrier has other functions not covered in this document, reference should be

made to the relevant European Standard.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their

content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited

applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any

amendments) applies.
EN 71-2:2020, Safety of toys — Part 2: Flammability
EN 71-3, Safety of toys — Part 3: Migration of certain elements

EN ISO 14184-1:2011, Textiles — Determination of formaldehyde — Part 1: Free and hydrolysed

formaldehyde (water extraction method) (ISO 14184-1:2011)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
— IEC Electropedia. available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
framed back carrier

product with a framed support designed to carry the child on the carer’s back and to be attached

to the carer’s torso
3.2
freestanding framed back carrier
framed back carrier designed to stand unsupported
3.3
carer’s attachment system

fastenings, straps and/or belts or similar parts which are fitted to the framed back carrier for

the purpose of securing the product to the carer’s torso
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
3.4
child restraint system

system incorporated into the framed back carrier in order to retain the child in the product

4 Test equipment
4.1 Small parts cylinder
Small parts cylinder with the dimensions specified in Figure 1.
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 1 — Small parts cylinder
4.2 Feeler gauge

Gauge with thickness of (0,4 ± 0,02) mm, with the end to be inserted having a radius of

approximately (3 mm ± 0,5), see Figure 2.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 2 — Feeler gauge dimensions
4.3 Test torso

Rigid torso made from a hard smooth material with the dimensions specified in Figure 3 which

is fitted on a rigid plate.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 3 — Test torso
4.4 Test masses and dummy
4.4.1 Test mass A

Bag filled with sand to a total mass of 15 kg, the shape and size of which is adjustable so that it

can be firmly restrained by the carrier.
4.4.2 Test mass B

Bag filled with sand to a total mass of 22 kg, the shape and size of which is adjustable so that it

can be firmly restrained by the carrier.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
4.4.3 Test mass C

Rigid cylinder (200 ± 5) mm in diameter and (300 ± 5) mm in height having a mass of

(15 + 0,01/0) kg with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a

radius of (5 ± 1) mm. Two anchorage points shall be provided, positioned (150 ± 2,5) mm from

the base and at 180 ° to each other around the circumference. See Figure 4.
Key
1 radius (5 ± 1) mm
2 two anchorage points
Figure 4 — Test mass C
4.4.4 Test mass D

Rigid cylinder (220 ± 5) mm in diameter and (320 ± 5) mm in height having a mass of

(22 + 0,01/0) kg with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a

radius of (5 ± 1) mm. Two anchorage points shall be provided, positioned (160 ± 2,5) mm from

the base and at 180 ° to each other around the circumference (see Figure 5).
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 radius (5 ± 1) mm
2 two anchorage points
Figure 5 — Test mass D
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
4.4.5 Test mass E

Rigid cylinder (160 ± 5) mm in diameter and (300 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of

(9 + 0,01/0) kg and with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a

radius of (5 ± 1) mm. Two anchorage points shall be provided, positioned (150 ± 2,5) mm from

the base and at 180 ° to each other around the circumference as shown in Figure 6.

Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 radius (5 ± 1) mm
2 two anchorage points
Figure 6 — Test mass E
4.4.6 Test dummy

Made of a rigid material with a smooth finish with a total mass of (9 ± 0,1) kg (see Figure 7).

---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 7 — Test dummy
4.5 Test platform

Platform inclined to an angle of (12 ± 0,5) ° to the horizontal and covered with aluminium oxide

paper of grade 80.

Rectangular stops of 25 mm in height shall be fitted at the base of the platform if required.

4.6 Test probes for finger entrapment
4.6.1 Finger probe with hemispherical end

Probe made from plastic or other hard smooth material of diameter 7 mm and 12 mm with a full

hemispherical end that can be mounted on a force measuring device. See Figure 8.
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 hemispherical end
2 scibed line around circumference
3 ø 7mm and 12 mm
Figure 8 — 7 mm and 12 mm probe for openings
4.6.2 Finger probe for mesh
Probe made from plastic or other hard smooth material. See Figure 9.
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 9 — Finger probe for mesh
4.6.3 Shape assessment probe

Probe made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions shown in

Figure 10.
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
Dimensions in milimeters
Figure 10 — Shape assessment probe
5 General requirements
5.1 Order of tests

Unless otherwise stated, the specified tests shall be carried out on one sample in the order of the

clause numbers in this document.
5.2 Test conditions

The tests are designed to be applied to framed back carriers that are fully assembled and ready

for use in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
5.3 Tolerances

Unless otherwise stated the following tolerances shall apply for testing and test equipment:

— force: ± 5 %;
— mass: ± 0,5 %;
— dimension: ± 0,5 mm;
— time: ± 1 s.
6 Chemical hazards
6.1 Migration of certain elements

The migration of elements from materials on exterior surfaces shall not exceed the limits listed

below:
Element mg/kg
Aluminium 70 000
Antimony 560
Arsenic 47
Barium 18 750
Boron 15 000
Cadmium 17
Chromium (III) 460
Chromium (VI) 0,2
Cobalt 130
Copper 7 700
Lead 23
Manganese 15 000
Mercury 94
Nickel 930
Selenium 460
Strontium 56 000
Tin 180 000
Organic tin 12
Zinc 46 000
When testing is performed, the method described in EN 71-3 shall be used.
A separate sample may be used for these tests.
---------------------- Page: 17 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
6.2 Formaldehyde

Textile components shall not contain free and hydrolysed formaldehyde in excess of 30 mg/kg

when tested in accordance with EN ISO 14184-1.
7 Thermal hazards
7.1 General

Any metal components of the top rim of the carrier shall not be accessible to the child in the

position of use.
7.2 Flammability
7.2.1 Requirements
When tested in accordance with 7.2.2 there shall be no surface flash.

When tested in accordance with 7.2.2 the rate of spread of flame shall not exceed 50 mm/s.

7.2.2 Test methods

7.2.2.1 To verify the surface flash effect apply the test flame specified in EN 71-2:2020, 5.5

for (3 ± 0,5) s to the framed back carrier in different places likely to cause surface flash.

7.2.2.2 To verify rate of spread of flame apply the test flame specified in EN 71-2:2020, 5.4.

8 Mechanical hazards
8.1 Entrapment of fingers
8.1.1 Requirement

There shall be no accessible completely bounded openings in rigid materials between 7 mm and

12 mm unless the depth is less than 10 mm or unless the shape assessment probe, see 4.6.3,

enters, when tested in accordance with 8.1.2.

There shall be no accessible openings in mesh that allow the finger probe for mesh, see 4.6.2, to

penetrate up to the 7 mm diameter section, when tested in accordance with 8.1.2.

The test shall be carried out with the product in any intended position of use without any test

mass and with test mass A, see 4.4.1.
8.1.2 Test method

Check whether the 7 mm probe, 4.6.1, with an applied force of up to 30 N, enters 10 mm or

more into any accessible completely bounded opening in any possible orientation.

If the 7 mm probe enters 10 mm or more, then the 12 mm probe, 4.6.1, shall also enter 10 mm

or more with an applied force of up to 5 N. If the 7 mm probe enters with an applied force of up

to 30 N but the 12 mm probe does not enter 10 mm or more with an applied force of up to 5 N,

check whether the 12 mm shape assessment probe, see 4.6.3, enters 10 mm or more with an

applied force of up to 5 N.

Check whether the finger probe for mesh, 4.6.2, with an applied force of up to 30 N, penetrates

accessible openings in mesh up to the 7 mm diameter section.
---------------------- Page: 18 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
8.2 Edges, projections and corners

When assembled for use, all exposed edges, projections and corners of components shall be

rounded, chamfered and free from burrs.
8.3 Choking and ingestion hazards
8.3.1 Requirements

Any components not intended to be detachable but which become detached when tested in

accordance with 8.3.2 shall not fit wholly within the small parts cylinder specified in 4.1 without

compression and in any orientation.

Any component intended to be removable without the use of a tool shall not fit wholly within

the small parts cylinder specified in 4.1 without compression and in any orientation.

These requirements exclude paper, fabric, yarn, strings and fuzz.
8.3.2 Test methods
8.3.2.1 Assessment of child’s ability to grip components

A component is considered capable of being gripped by a child if it can grip the component

between its thumb and forefinger or between its teeth.

If the component to be tested cannot be gripped between thumb and forefinger, establish

whether it is capable of being gripped by inserting the feeler gauge (4.2) between the

component and the underlying layer or body of the product at an angle between 0 ° and 10 °

from the surface using a force of (10 ± 1) N. If the gauge can be inserted more than 2 mm, the

component shall be considered as capable of being gripped.

If the component is capable of being gripped, affix a suitable clamp behind the component

taking care not to damage the attachment mechanism or the body of the framed back carrier.

8.3.2.2 Torque test

Apply a torque gradually to the component within a period of 5 s in a clockwise direction until

either:
a) rotation of 180 ° from the original position has been attained; or
b) torque of 0,34 Nm is reached.
The maximum rotation or required torque shall be applied for 10 s.

The component shall then be allowed to return to a relaxed condition and the procedure

repeated in an anticlockwise direction.

Projections, parts or assemblies that are rigidly mounted on an accessible rod or shaft designed

to rotate together with the projections, parts or assemblies shall be tested with the rod or shaft

clamped to prevent rotation.

If a component, which is attached by a screw thread, becomes loosened during the application

of the required torque, continue to apply the torque until the required torque is exceeded or the

component disassembles or it becomes apparent that the component will not disassemble.

When using clamps and test equipment care shall be taken not to damage the attachment

mechanism or body of the component.
---------------------- Page: 19 ----------------------
SIST EN 13209-1:2022
EN 13209-1:2021 (E)
8.3.2.3 Tension test

The tension test should be carried out after the torque test, 8.3.2.2, and on the same component

as used for the torque test.

Attach a suitable clamp to the component assessed as being grip able in accordance with 8.3.2.1,

taking care not to damage the attachment mechanism or body of the framed back carrier.

Fasten the component in a tensile testing machine and apply a tensile force of up to 90 N to the

component to be tested. Apply the force gradually within a period of 5 s and maintain for 10 s.

Apply with an accuracy of (±2) N, using such as a spring balance or a dead weight arrangement.

8.4 Entanglement hazards
8.4.1 Requirements
These requirements do not apply to straps with a width greater than
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
01-maj-2017
,]GHONL]DRWURNH2SUHPD]DQRãHQMHGRMHQþNRY9DUQRVWQH]DKWHYHLQSUHVNXVQH
PHWRGHGHO1DKUEWQLNL]RJURGMHP

Child care and care articles - Baby carriers - Safety requirements and test methods - Part

1: Framed back carrier
Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Kindertragen - Sicherheitstechnische
Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren - Teil 1: Rückentragen mit Gestell
$UWLFOHVGHSXpULFXOWXUH3RUWHEpEpV([LJHQFHVGHVpFXULWpHWPpWKRGHVG
HVVDL
3DUWLH3RUWHHQIDQWVGRUVDX[DYHFDUPDWXUH
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 13209-1
ICS:
97.190 Otroška oprema Equipment for children
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 13209-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2017
ICS 97.190 Will supersede EN 13209-1:2004
English Version
Child care and care articles - Baby carriers - Safety
requirements and test methods - Part 1: Framed back
carrier

Articles de puériculture - Porte-enfants - Exigences de Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Kindertragen -

sécurité et méthodes d'essai - Partie 1 : Porte-enfants Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und

dorsaux à armature Prüfverfahren - Teil 1: Rückentragen mit Gestell

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 252.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 13209-1:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.1 Small parts cylinder ....................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2 Feeler gauge ...................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.3 Test torso ........................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.4 Test masses and dummy ............................................................................................................................... 8

4.4.1 Test mass A ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.4.2 Test mass B ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.4.3 Test mass C ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.4.4 Test mass D ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.4.5 Test mass E ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.4.6 Test dummy ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.5 Test platform ................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.6 Finger probe for bounded openings ...................................................................................................... 10

4.7 Finger probe for mesh ................................................................................................................................ 11

5 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 11

5.1 Order of tests ................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 11

5.3 Tolerances ...................................................................................................................................................... 11

6 Chemical hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 12

6.1 Migration of certain elements ................................................................................................................. 12

6.2 Formaldehyde ............................................................................................................................................... 12

7 Thermal hazards .......................................................................................................................................... 13

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

7.2 Flammability .................................................................................................................................................. 13

7.2.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 13

7.2.2 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 13

8 Mechanical hazards ..................................................................................................................................... 13

8.1 Entrapment of fingers ................................................................................................................................. 13

8.1.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 13

8.1.2 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 13

8.2 Choking and ingestion hazards ............................................................................................................... 14

8.2.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 14

8.2.2 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 14

8.3 Entanglement hazards ................................................................................................................................ 15

8.3.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 15

8.3.2 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 15

8.4 Stability ............................................................................................................................................................ 16

8.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 16

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)

8.4.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 16

8.5 Protective function ....................................................................................................................................... 17

8.5.1 Child restraint system ................................................................................................................................. 17

8.5.2 Carer’s attachment system ........................................................................................................................ 17

8.5.3 Structural integrity ...................................................................................................................................... 18

9 Suffocation hazards from packaging materials ................................................................................. 18

10 Product information .................................................................................................................................... 18

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

10.2 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 18

10.3 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 19

10.4 Instructions for use ...................................................................................................................................... 19

10.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

10.4.2 Warnings .......................................................................................................................................................... 19

10.4.3 Additional information ............................................................................................................................... 19

Annex A (normative) Warnings ............................................................................................................................ 21

Annex B (informative) Rationales ....................................................................................................................... 25

B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

B.2 Chemical hazards .......................................................................................................................................... 25

B.3 Thermal hazards ........................................................................................................................................... 25

B.4 Mechanical hazards ..................................................................................................................................... 25

B.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

B.4.2 Entrapment of fingers ................................................................................................................................. 25

B.4.3 Choking and ingestion hazards ................................................................................................................ 25

B.4.4 Entanglement hazards ................................................................................................................................ 26

B.4.5 Protective function ....................................................................................................................................... 26

B.5 Suffocation hazards...................................................................................................................................... 26

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 27

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 13209-1:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 252 “Child

use and care articles”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 13209-1:2004.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the safety requirements and test methods for child back carriers with

framed support to carry a child in an essentially seated position. Framed back carriers are intended for

children from 6 months of age up to a maximum weight of 22 kg and are designed to be attached to a

carer’s torso allowing a hands-free operation e.g.: standing, walking.

If the framed back carrier has other functions not covered in this European Standard, reference should

be made to the relevant European Standard.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, Safety of toys - Part 2: Flammability
EN 71-3:2013+A1:2014, Safety of toys − Part 3: Migration of certain elements

EN ISO 14184-1, Textiles - Determination of formaldehyde - Part 1: Free and hydrolysed formaldehyde

(water extraction method) (ISO 14184-1)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
framed back carrier
product with a framed support designed to carry the child on the carer’s back
3.2
freestanding framed back carrier
framed back carrier designed to stand unsupported
3.3
carer’s attachment system

fastenings, straps and/or belts or similar parts which are fitted to the framed back carrier for the

purpose of securing the product to the carer’s torso
3.4
child restraint system

system incorporated into the framed back carrier in order to retain the child in the product

4 Test equipment
4.1 Small parts cylinder
Small parts cylinder with the dimensions specified in Figure 1.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 1 — Small parts cylinder
4.2 Feeler gauge

Gauge with thickness of (0,4 ± 0,02) mm, with the end to be inserted having a radius of approximately

(3 mm ± 0,5), see Figure 2.
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 2 — Feeler gauge dimensions
4.3 Test torso

Rigid torso made from a hard smooth material with the dimensions specified in Figure 3 which is fitted

on a rigid plate.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 3 — Test torso
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
4.4 Test masses and dummy
4.4.1 Test mass A

Bag filled with sand to a total mass of 15 kg, the shape and size of which is adjustable so that it can be

firmly restrained by the carrier.
4.4.2 Test mass B

Bag filled with sand to a total mass of 22 kg, the shape and size of which is adjustable so that it can be

firmly restrained by the carrier.
4.4.3 Test mass C

Rigid cylinder (200 ± 5) mm in diameter and (300 ± 5) mm in height having a mass of (15 + 0,01/0) kg

with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of (5 ± 1) mm. Two

anchorage points shall be provided, positioned (150 ± 2,5) mm from the base and at 180° to each other

around the circumference. See Figure 4.
Figure 4 — Test mass C
4.4.4 Test mass D

Rigid cylinder (220 ± 5) mm in diameter and (320 ± 5) mm in height having a mass of (22 + 0,01/0) kg

with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of (5 ± 1) mm. Two

anchorage points shall be provided, positioned (160 ± 2,5) mm from the base and at 180° to each other

around the circumference (see Figure 5).
Figure 5 — Test mass D
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
4.4.5 Test mass E

Rigid cylinder (160 ± 5) mm in diameter and (300 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of (9 + 0,01/0) kg

and with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of (5 ± 1) mm.

Two anchorage points shall be provided, positioned (150 ± 2,5) mm from the base and at 180° to each

other around the circumference as shown in Figure 4.
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 6 — Test mass E
4.4.6 Test dummy

Made of a rigid material with a smooth finish with a total mass of (9 ± 0,1) kg (see Figure 7).

---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 7 — Test dummy
4.5 Test platform

Platform inclined to an angle of (12 ± 0,5)° to the horizontal and covered with aluminium oxide paper of

grade 80.

Rectangular stops of 20 mm in height shall be fitted at the base of the platform if required.

4.6 Finger probe for bounded openings

Probe made from plastic or other hard smooth material of diameter 7 mm and 12 mm with a full

hemispherical end that can be mounted on a force measuring device. See Figure 8.
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 8 — 7 mm and 12 mm probe for openings
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
4.7 Finger probe for mesh
Probe made from plastic or other hard smooth material. See Figure 9.
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 9 — Finger probe for mesh
5 General requirements
5.1 Order of tests

Unless otherwise stated, the specified tests shall be carried out on one sample in the order of the clause

numbers in this standard.
5.2 Test conditions

The tests are designed to be applied to framed back carriers that are fully assembled and ready for use

in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
5.3 Tolerances

Unless otherwise stated the following tolerances shall apply for testing and test equipment:

— force:± 5 %;
— mass: ± 0,5 %;
— dimension: ± 0,5 mm;
— time: ± 1 s.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
6 Chemical hazards
6.1 Migration of certain elements

The migration of elements from materials on exterior surfaces shall not exceed the limits listed below:

Element mg/kg
Aluminium 70 000
Antimony 560
Arsenic 47
Barium 18 750
Boron 15 000
Cadmium 17
Chromium (III) 460
Chromium (VI) 0,2
Cobalt 130
Copper 7 700
Lead 160
Manganese 15 000
Mercury 94
Nickel 930
Selenium 460
Strontium 56 000
Tin 180 000
Organic tin 12
Zinc 46 000
When testing is performed, the method described in EN 71-3 shall be used.
A separate sample may be used for these tests.
6.2 Formaldehyde

Textile components shall not contain free and hydrolysed formaldehyde in excess of 30 mg/kg when

tested in accordance with EN ISO 14184-1.
An unconditioned sample(s) shall be used to assess these requirements.
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
7 Thermal hazards
7.1 General

Any metal components of the top rim of the carrier shall not be accessible to the child in the position of

use.
7.2 Flammability
7.2.1 Requirements
7.2.1.1 When tested in accordance with 7.2.2.1, there shall be no surface flash.

7.2.1.2 When tested in accordance with 7.2.2.2 the rate of spread of flame shall not exceed

50 mm/s.
An unconditioned sample(s) shall be used to assess these requirements.
7.2.2 Test methods

7.2.2.1 To verify the surface flash effect apply the test flame specified in EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014,

5.5 for (3 ± 0,5) s to the framed back carrier in different places likely to cause surface flash.

7.2.2.2 To verify rate of spread of flame apply the test flame specified in EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014,

5.4.4.
8 Mechanical hazards
8.1 Entrapment of fingers
8.1.1 Requirements
There shall be no open ended tubes.

After the framed back carrier is set up for normal use in accordance with the manufacturer's

instructions, there shall be no accessible completely bounded circular openings between 7 mm and

12 mm unless the depth is less than 10 mm, when tested in accordance with 8.1.2. See Figure 8.

After the framed back carrier is set up for normal use in accordance with the manufacturer's

instructions, there shall be no accessible openings in mesh that allow the test probe for mesh (see

Figure 9), to penetrate up to the 7 mm diameter section, when tested in accordance with 8.1.2.

The test shall be carried out with the product in any intended position of use without any test mass,

with test mass A and test mass B, if, according to the manufacturer’s instructions, the product is

recommended for a maximum weight of 22 kg.
This requirement does not apply to the restraint system.
8.1.2 Test methods

Check whether the 7 mm probe (Figure 8), with an applied force of up to 30 N, enters 10 mm or more

into any accessible completely bounded circular opening in any possible orientation.

If the 7 mm probe enters 10 mm or more, then the 12 mm probe (Figure 8), shall also enter 10 mm or

more with an applied force of up to 5 N.

Check whether the test probe for mesh (Figure 9), with an applied force of up to 30 N, penetrates

accessible openings in mesh up to the 7 mm diameter section.
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
8.2 Choking and ingestion hazards
8.2.1 Requirements

Any components not intended to be detachable but which become detached when tested in accordance

with 8.2.2 shall not fit wholly within the small parts cylinder specified in 4.1 without compression and

in any orientation.

Any component intended to be removable without the use of a tool shall not fit wholly within the small

parts cylinder specified in 4.1 without compression and in any orientation.
These requirements exclude paper, fabric, yarn, strings and fuzz.
8.2.2 Test methods
8.2.2.1 Assessment of child’s ability to grip components

A component is considered capable of being gripped by a child if it can grip the component between its

thumb and forefinger or between its teeth.

If the component to be tested cannot be gripped between thumb and forefinger, establish whether it is

capable of being gripped by inserting the feeler gauge (4.2) between the component and the underlying

layer or body of the product at an angle between 0° and 10° from the surface using a force of (10 ± 1) N.

If the gauge can be inserted more than 2 mm, the component shall be considered as capable of being

gripped.

If the component is capable of being gripped, affix a suitable clamp behind the component taking care

not to damage the attachment mechanism or the body of the framed back carrier.
8.2.2.2 Torque test

Apply a torque gradually to the component within a period of 5 s in a clockwise direction until either:

a) rotation of 180° from the original position has been attained; or
b) torque of 0,34 Nm is reached.
The maximum rotation or required torque shall be applied for 10 s.

The component shall then be allowed to return to a relaxed condition and the procedure repeated in an

anticlockwise direction.

Projections, parts or assemblies that are rigidly mounted on an accessible rod or shaft designed to

rotate together with the projections, parts or assemblies shall be tested with the rod or shaft clamped to

prevent rotation.

If a component, which is attached by a screw thread, becomes loosened during the application of the

required torque, continue to apply the torque until the required torque is exceeded or the component

disassembles or it becomes apparent that the component will not disassemble.

When using clamps and test equipment care shall be taken not to damage the attachment mechanism or

body of the component.
8.2.2.3 Tension test

The tension test should be carried out after the torque test, 8.2.2.2, and on the same component as used

for the torque test.

Attach a suitable clamp to the component assessed as being grip able in accordance with 8.2.2.1, taking

care not to damage the attachment mechanism or body of the soft carrier.
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)

Fasten the component in a tensile testing machine and apply a tensile force of up to 90 N to the

component to be tested. Apply the force gradually within a period of 5 s and maintain for 10 s. Apply

with an accuracy of (± 2) N, using such as a spring balance or a dead weight arrangement.

8.3 Entanglement hazards
8.3.1 Requirements

Cords, ribbons and similar parts shall either have a minimum width of 19mm or have a maximum free

length of 220 mm when tested in accordance with 8.3.2. See Figure 10.

Where cords, ribbons and similar parts are attached to the framed back carrier together or within

80 mm of each other, any single cord shall have a maximum free length of 220 mm and the combined

length from one loose end to the other end shall be a maximum of 360 mm. See Figure 10.

If it is possible to form a loop with cords, ribbons and similar parts the maximum peripheral dimension

shall be 360 mm.

Monofilament threads shall not be used in the construction of the framed back carrier.

8.3.2 Test methods

The length of the cord, ribbon or similar parts is measured from the fixing point on the framed back

carrier to the free end of the cord, ribbon or similar parts when a force of 25 N is applied to the free end.

---------------------- Page: 17 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
Figure 10 — Example of the requirement for combined length of cords
8.4 Stability
8.4.1 Requirements

The freestanding framed back carrier shall not tip over when tested in accordance with 8.4.2.

8.4.2 Test method

Place the test mass E in the framed back carrier, then place the product on the test platform (4.5) in the

following positions with the lowest part of the frame resting against the stops:
a) facing forward;
b) facing rearward;
c) at right angles to the slope.

Repeat with either test mass C or test mass D, according to the manufacturer’s instructions for the

maximum weight for which the framed back carrier is intended.
---------------------- Page: 18 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 13209-1:2017
prEN 13209-1:2017 (E)
8.5 Protective function
8.5.1 Child restraint system
8.5.1.1 Requirements

The framed back carrier shall incorporate a child restraint system which shall be adjustable.

Where straps are used for a child
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.