Plastics - Recycled plastics - Determination of solid contaminants content

This document specifies a method for determination by melt filtration of solid contaminants content in a sample of recycled thermoplastic material, evaluating their number and, optionally, their size and substance (material).

Kunststoffe - Rezyklate - Bestimmung des Gehaltes an Feststoffverunreinigungen

Dieses Dokument legt ein Verfahren zur Bestimmung des Gehalts an festen Verunreinigungen in einer Probe aus recyceltem thermoplastischem Material durch Schmelzefiltration fest, wobei deren Anzahl und, gegebenenfalls, deren Größe und Stoff (Material) bestimmt wird.

Plastiques - Plastiques recyclés - Détermination de la teneur en contaminants solides

Polimerni materiali - Reciklirani polimerni materiali - Ugotavljanje deleža trdnih onesnaževal

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
27-Jan-2021
Publication Date
13-May-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
13-May-2021
Due Date
18-Jul-2021
Completion Date
14-May-2021

Buy Standard

Technical specification
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17627:2021 - BARVE na PDF-str 13,14,15,16,17,18
English language
17 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day
Technical specification
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17627:2021 - BARVE na PDF-str 13,14,15,16,17,18,19
English language
18 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17627:2021
01-julij-2021

Polimerni materiali - Reciklirani polimerni materiali - Ugotavljanje deleža trdnih

onesnaževal
Plastics - Recycled plastics - Determination of solid contaminants content
Kunststoffe - Rezyklate - Bestimmung des Gehaltes an Feststoffverunreinigungen

Plastiques - Plastiques recyclés - Détermination de la teneur en contaminants solides

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TS 17627:2021
ICS:
83.080.20 Plastomeri Thermoplastic materials
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17627:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17627:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17627:2021
CEN/TS 17627
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
May 2021
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
ICS 83.080.20
English Version
Plastics - Recycled plastics - Determination of solid
contaminants content

Plastiques - Plastiques recyclés - Détermination de la Kunststoffe - Rezyklate - Bestimmung des Gehaltes an

teneur en contaminants solides Feststoffverunreinigungen

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 1 March 2021 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to

submit their comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS

available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in

parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TS 17627:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17627:2021
CEN/TS 17627:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Principle ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

5 Apparatus and consumables ....................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 Extruder ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.2 Press .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3 Microscope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.4 Pointed metal rod ........................................................................................................................................... 6

5.5 Screen pack ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.6 Plastic foil .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.7 Purging material ............................................................................................................................................. 6

6 Sample preparation ....................................................................................................................................... 7

7 Procedure .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.1 Extrusion ............................................................................................................................................................ 7

7.2 Flattening ........................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.3 Visual examination ......................................................................................................................................... 8

8 Evaluation .......................................................................................................................................................... 8

8.1 Amount of solid contaminants ................................................................................................................... 8

8.2 Largest contaminant size (optional) ........................................................................................................ 8

8.3 Identification of the types (substance) of contaminants (optional) ............................................ 8

9 Report ............................................................................................................................................................... 10

Annex A (informative) Apparatus illustrations .............................................................................................. 11

Annex B (informative) Contaminant substance identification help ........................................................ 12

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 17

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17627:2021
CEN/TS 17627:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (CEN/TS 17627:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 249

“Plastics”, the secretariat of which is held by NBN.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17627:2021
CEN/TS 17627:2021 (E)
Introduction

The use of recycled materials in production of plastics products is widely accepted nowadays

throughout the industry. Those recycled materials are mostly prepared from post-industrial or post-

consumer sources, which always contain more or less contamination by foreign bodies. Most of this

contamination is removed during the recycling process, either by washing and/or by melt filtration.

However, this removal is never perfect, leaving some small amounts of foreign bodies in the material

pellets.

For many applications that use recycled materials this little residue of contaminants is not posing any

problem. But for other, more demanding or more sensitive products (e.g. having thin wall sections) the

use of a recycled material is not an option, unless the number and size of those solid contaminants could

accurately be determined and controlled.

While some recyclers do have the means to determine and report a limited number of properties of

their material, like density, MFI etc., none of them is able to measure or specify anything regarding the

amount and size of foreign bodies left in the material that they supply.

This document describes a test method that enables the determination of the number, the size and the

substance (material) of solid contaminants in a sample of recycled material, using a small extruder and

a microscope. This test method, known as SCF (for Solid Contaminants Filtration), was developed by

a major user of recycled polyethylene and has since been in use almost daily for more than 10 years.

Although the experience gained so far with this test method is mainly with polyethylene materials, it is

believed that this method can be adapted and used for testing other thermoplastic materials.

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17627:2021
CEN/TS 17627:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies a method for determination by melt filtration of solid contaminants content in

a sample of recycled thermoplastic material, evaluating their number and, optionally, their size and

substance (material).
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

CEN/TS 16010, Plastics — Recycled plastics — Sampling procedures for testing plastics waste and

recyclates
CEN/TS 16011, Plastics — Recycled plastics — Sample preparation
ISO 9044:2016, Industrial woven wire cloth — Technical requirements and tests
ISO 9045, Industrial screens and screening — Vocabulary
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 9045 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
4 Principle

The material sample, normally in pellet form, is passed through an extruder fitted with a screen pack,

followed by clear, uncoloured virgin material. Then the extruder is stopped, the screen pack is taken out

and pressed flat. The screen pack is examined under a microscope for presence and evaluation of any

solid contaminants embedded in a thin layer of transparent material on the screen surface.

5 Apparatus and consumables
5.1 Extruder

A small, single-screw extruder, having screw diameter preferably between 18 mm and 30 mm, with a

breaker plate dimensioned to contain, and to enable tight clamping and complete sealing of, the screen

pack specified in 5.5.

Recommended: a convenient clamping/unclamping arrangement for the breaker plate that enables

quick and easy change of the screen pack.

NOTE Optional: a melt pressure sensor located just in front of the screen pack. A sharp and steady increase in

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17627:2021
01-januar-2021

Polimerni materiali - Reciklirani polimerni materiali - Ugotavljanje deleža trdnih

onesnaževal
Plastics - Recycled plastics - Determination of solid contaminants content
Kunststoffe - Rezyklate - Bestimmung des Gehaltes an Feststoffverunreinigungen

Plastiques - Plastiques recyclés - Détermination de la teneur en contaminants solides

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: FprCEN/TS 17627
ICS:
83.080.20 Plastomeri Thermoplastic materials
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17627:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17627:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17627:2021
FINAL DRAFT
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
FprCEN/TS 17627
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
November 2020
ICS 83.080.20
English Version
Plastics - Recycled plastics - Determination of solid
contaminants content

Plastiques - Plastiques recyclés - Détermination de la Kunststoffe - Rezyklate - Bestimmung des Gehaltes an

teneur en contaminants solides Feststoffverunreinigungen

This draft Technical Specification is submitted to CEN members for Vote. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 249.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a Technical Specification. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change

without notice and shall not be referred to as a Technical Specification.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. FprCEN/TS 17627:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17627:2021
FprCEN/TS 17627:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Principle ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

5 Apparatus and consumables ....................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 Extruder ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.2 Press .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3 Microscope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.4 Pointed metal rod ........................................................................................................................................... 6

5.5 Screen pack ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.6 Plastic foil .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.7 Purging material ............................................................................................................................................. 6

6 Sample preparation ....................................................................................................................................... 7

7 Procedure .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.1 Extrusion ............................................................................................................................................................ 7

7.2 Flattening ........................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.3 Visual examination ......................................................................................................................................... 8

8 Evaluation .......................................................................................................................................................... 8

8.1 Amount of solid contaminants ................................................................................................................... 8

8.2 Largest contaminant size (optional) ........................................................................................................ 8

8.3 Identification of the types (substance) of contaminants (optional) ............................................ 8

8.3.1 General................................................................................................................................................................ 8

9 Report ............................................................................................................................................................... 10

Annex A (informative) Apparatus illustrations .............................................................................................. 11

Annex B (informative) Contaminant substance identification help ........................................................ 12

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 18

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17627:2021
FprCEN/TS 17627:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (FprCEN/TS 17627:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 249

“Plastics”, the secretariat of which is held by NBN.
This document is currently submitted to the vote on TS.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17627:2021
FprCEN/TS 17627:2020 (E)
Introduction

The use of recycled materials in production of plastics products is widely accepted nowadays

throughout the industry. Those recycled materials are mostly prepared from post-industrial or post-

consumer sources, which always contain more or less contamination by foreign bodies. Most of this

contamination is removed during the recycling process, either by washing and/or by melt filtration.

However, this removal is never perfect, leaving some small amounts of foreign bodies in the material

pellets.

For many applications that use recycled materials this little residue of contaminants is not posing any

problem. But for other, more demanding or more sensitive products (e.g. having thin wall sections) the

use of a recycled material is not an option, unless the number and size of those solid contaminants could

accurately be determined and controlled.

While some recyclers do have the means to determine and report a limited number of properties of

their material, like density, MFI etc., none of them is able to measure or specify anything regarding the

amount and size of foreign bodies left in the material that they supply.

This document describes a test method that enables the determination of the number, the size and the

substance (material) of solid contaminants in a sample of recycled material, using a small extruder and

a microscope. This test method, known as SCF (for Solid Contaminants Filtration), was developed by

a major user of recycled polyethylene and has since been in use almost daily for more than 10 years.

Although the experience gained so far with this test method is mainly with polyethylene materials, it is

believed that this method can be adapted and used for testing other thermoplastic materials.

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17627:2021
FprCEN/TS 17627:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies a method for determination by melt filtration of solid contaminants content in

a sample of recycled thermoplastic material, evaluating their number and, optionally, their size and

substance (material).
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

CEN/TS 16010, Plastics — Recycled plastics — Sampling procedures for testing plastics waste and

recyclates
CEN/TS 16011, Plastics — Recycled plastics — Sample preparation
ISO 9044:2016, Industrial woven wire cloth — Technical requirements and tests
ISO 9045, Industrial screens and screening — Vocabulary
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 9045 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
4 Principle

The material sample, normally in pellet form, is passed through an extruder fitted with a screen pack,

followed by clear, uncoloured virgin material. Then the extruder is stopped, the screen pack is taken out

and pressed flat. The screen pack is examined under a microscope for presence and evaluation of any

solid contaminants embedded in a thin layer of transparent material on the screen surface.

5 Apparatus and consumables
5.1 Extruder

A small, single-screw extruder, having screw diameter preferably between 18 mm and 30 mm, with a

breaker plate dimensioned to contain, and to enable tight clamping and complete sealing of, the screen

pack specified in 5.5.

NOTE 1 Recommended: a convenient clamping/unclamping arrangement for the breaker plate, that enables

quick and easy change of the screen pack.

NOTE 2 Optional: a melt pressure sensor located just in front of the screen pack. A sharp and steady increase in

melt pressure while passing the tested material in the extruder is a pre-warning sign of high contamination in the

sample.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17627:2021
FprCEN/TS 17627:2020 (E)
5.2 Press

A device capable of squeezing the screen pack between two parallel horizontal flat metallic surfaces,

using very low pressure, just enough to make the top layer of the hot purging material flat.

A laboratory hot p
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.