Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (A-SMGCS) - Part 6: Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum for deployed surface movement radar sensors - Sub-part 1: X-band sensors using pulsed signals and transmitting power up to 100 kW

The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for monostatic X-band radar
sensors intended for the surveillance of airport surface movement traffic with the following characteristics:
• Operating in one or both of the following frequency ranges:
- 9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz and 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz utilizing modulated or unmodulated pulses.
• Transmitter Peak Envelope Power up to 100 kW.
• The transceiver-antenna connection is using a hollow metallic rectangular waveguide.
• The antenna is rotating, waveguide-based and passive.
• At the transceiver output an RF-circulator is used.
NOTE 1: Since transceiver and antenna are hollow metallic rectangular waveguide based the frequency range for
measurements that needs to be addressed covers 6,56 GHz to 26 GHz. The lower limit of this frequency
range is obtained as cut-off frequency of the combination of WR112/R84 taper section and a WR90/R100
Waveguide IEC 60153-2 [i.3]. The upper limit corresponds to the upper limit stated in table 1 of ERC
Recommendation 74-01 [2].
NOTE 2: Since at the transceiver output an RF circulator is used, it is assumed that the transceiver characteristics
remain independent from the antenna.
NOTE 3: Aeronautical Surface Movement Radars covered by the present document are expected to use the bands
9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz and/or 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz. According article 5 of the ITU Radio
Regulations [3] the band 9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz is allocated to the Aeronautical Radionavigation
Service on a primary basis and the band 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz is allocated to the Radionavigation
Service on a primary basis.
NOTE 4: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive
2014/53/EU [i.1] is given in annex A.

Napredni sistem za vodenje in nadzor gibanja po zemlji (A-SMGCS) - 6. del: Harmonizirani standard za dostop do radijskega spektra za aktivno zaznavalo radarja za površinsko gibanje - 1. poddel: Zaznavala, ki delujejo v frekvenčnem pasu X (10,525 GHz), z impulznimi signali in oddajno močjo do 100 kW

Ta dokument določa tehnične karakteristike in merilne metode za monostatična radarska tipala v frekvenčnem pasu X, namenjena za nadzor prometa na letaliških površinah, ki ima naslednje značilnosti:
• Delovanje v enem ali obeh frekvenčnih območjih v nadaljevanju:
– od 9000 do 9200 MHz in od 9300 do 9500 MHz z uporabo moduliranih ali nemoduliranih pulzov.
• Oddajnik Peak Envelope Power do 100 kW.
• Antena oddajno-sprejemne naprave uporablja votel pravokoten kovinski valovod.
• Antena se pasivno vrti glede na valovod.
• Na izhodu oddajno-sprejemne naprave je uporabljena radiofrekvenčna obtočna črpalka.
OPOMBA 1: Ker sta oddajno-sprejemna naprava in antena votel kovinski pravokoten valovod, je frekvenčno območje za meritve od 6,56 do 26 GHz. Nižja spodnja vrednost tega frekvenčnega območja se pridobi kot mejna frekvenca kombinacije zoženega dela obtočne črpalke WR112/R84 in valovoda WR90/R100, kot je določeno v standardu IEC 60153-2 [i.3]. Zgornja meja ustreza zgornji meji, navedeni v preglednici 1 v priporočilu ERC 74-01 [2].
OPOMBA 2: Ker je na izhodu oddajno-sprejemne naprave uporabljena radiofrekvenčna obtočna črpalka, se predvideva, da so značilnosti oddajno-sprejemne naprave neodvisne od antene.
OPOMBA 3: Za radarje za površinsko gibanje na letališču, ki so zajeti v tem dokumentu, se pričakuje uporaba pasov od 9000 do 9200 MHz in/ali od 9300 do 9500 MHz. Glede na 5. člen Pravilnika o radiokomunikacijah Mednarodne telekomunikacijske zveze [3] je pas med 9000 in 9200 MHz namenjen zlasti aeronavtičnim radionavigacijskim službam, pas med 9300 in 9500 MHz pa je prvotno namenjen radionavigacijskim službam.
OPOMBA 4: Razmerje med tem dokumentom in bistvenimi zahtevami člena 3.2 Direktive 2014/53/EU [i.1] je podano v dodatku A.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-May-2019
Publication Date
11-Aug-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
24-Jul-2019
Due Date
28-Sep-2019
Completion Date
12-Aug-2019

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ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Advanced Surface Movement Guidance
and Control System (A-SMGCS);
Part 6: Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum for
deployed surface movement radar sensors;
Sub-part 1: X-band sensors using pulsed signals and
transmitting power up to 100 kW
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
Reference
REN/ERM-TGAERO-37-6-1
Keywords
aeronautical, ATM, harmonised standard,
interoperability, regulation
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

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Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2019.
All rights reserved.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 8

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 8

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 Technical requirements specifications ................................................................................................... 10

4.1 Environmental profile ....................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2 Conformance requirements .............................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.1 Transmitter requirements ............................................................................................................................ 10

4.2.1.1 Frequency Tolerance ............................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.1.1.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.1.1.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.1.1.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.1.2 Transmitter power ................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1.2.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.2.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1.2.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.3 Measured Bandwidth ............................................................................................................................ 11

4.2.1.3.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.3.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1.3.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.4 Out-of-band emissions .......................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.4.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.4.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.1.4.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.1.5 Spurious emissions ................................................................................................................................ 13

4.2.1.5.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.1.5.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 14

4.2.1.5.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 14

4.2.1.6 Stand-by Mode Emissions ..................................................................................................................... 14

4.2.1.6.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 14

4.2.1.6.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.1.6.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2 Receiver requirements ................................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.2.1 System Noise Figure ............................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.2.1.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.1.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.2.1.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.2 Receiver Selectivity .............................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.2.2.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.2.2 Limit ................................................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.2.2.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.3 Receiver Compression Level ................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.2.3.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.3.2 Limit ................................................................................................................................................ 16

4.2.2.3.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 16

5 Testing for compliance with technical requirements .............................................................................. 16

5.0 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 16

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)

5.1 Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 16

5.1.1 Test Conditions ........................................................................................................................................... 16

5.1.2 Normal temperature and humidity .............................................................................................................. 16

5.1.3 Normal test power supply ........................................................................................................................... 16

5.2 Interpretation of the measurements results ....................................................................................................... 16

5.3 Radio test suites ................................................................................................................................................ 17

5.3.1 Transmitter test specification ...................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.1.1 Frequency Tolerance ............................................................................................................................. 17

5.3.1.2 Transmitter power ................................................................................................................................. 17

5.3.1.3 Measured Bandwidth ............................................................................................................................ 17

5.3.1.4 Out-of-Band-emissions ......................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.1.5 Spurious emissions ................................................................................................................................ 19

5.3.1.6 Stand-by Mode Emissions ..................................................................................................................... 19

5.3.2 Receiver test specification .......................................................................................................................... 20

5.3.2.1 System Noise Figure ............................................................................................................................. 20

5.3.2.1.0 General ............................................................................................................................................ 20

5.3.2.2 Receiver Selectivity .............................................................................................................................. 20

5.3.2.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................ 20

5.3.2.2.1 Receiver Out-of-Band selectivity .................................................................................................... 21

5.3.2.3 Receiver Compression Level ................................................................................................................ 22

5.3.2.3.0 General ............................................................................................................................................ 22

5.3.2.3.1 Receiver Compression Level ........................................................................................................... 22

Annex A (informative): Relationship between the present document and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU ......................................................... 23

Annex B (normative): Transmission power and unwanted emissions of radar systems with

indirect methods ............................................................................................. 24

Annex C (normative): Calculation of the -40 dB Bandwidth ........................................................... 25

Annex D (informative): Maximum Measurement Uncertainty .......................................................... 27

Annex E (informative): Bibliography ................................................................................................... 28

Annex F (informative): Change history ............................................................................................... 29

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 30

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electromagnetic

compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM).

The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.6] to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation

of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing

Directive 1999/5/EC [i.1].

Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with

the normative clauses of the present document given in table A.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of the present

document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive, and associated

EFTA regulations.

The present document is part 6, sub-part 1 of a multi-part deliverable covering Advanced Surface Movement Guidance

and Control System (A-SMGCS), as identified below:

Part 1: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS surveillance service";

Part 2: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS Level 2 including external interfaces";

Part 3: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for a deployed cooperative sensor including its interfaces";

Part 4: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for a deployed non-cooperative sensor including its interfaces";

Part 5: "Harmonised Standard for access to the radio spectrum for Multilateration (MLAT) equipment";

Part 6: "Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum for deployed surface movement radar

sensors";

Sub-part 1: "X-band sensors using pulsed signals and transmitting power up to 100 kW".

Part 7: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS routing service";
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)

Part 8: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS guidance service";
National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 17 June 2019
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 30 September 2019
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 31 March 2020
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 March 2021
Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
1 Scope

The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for monostatic X-band radar

sensors intended for the surveillance of airport surface movement traffic with the following characteristics:

• Operating in one or both of the following frequency ranges:

- 9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz and 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz utilizing modulated or unmodulated pulses.

• Transmitter Peak Envelope Power up to 100 kW.

• The transceiver-antenna connection is using a hollow metallic rectangular waveguide.

• The antenna is rotating, waveguide-based and passive.
• At the transceiver output an RF-circulator is used.

NOTE 1: Since transceiver and antenna are hollow metallic rectangular waveguide based the frequency range for

measurements that needs to be addressed covers 6,56 GHz to 26 GHz. The lower limit of this frequency

range is obtained as cut-off frequency of the combination of WR112/R84 taper section and a WR90/R100

Waveguide IEC 60153-2 [i.3]. The upper limit corresponds to the upper limit stated in table 1 of ERC

Recommendation 74-01 [2].

NOTE 2: Since at the transceiver output an RF circulator is used, it is assumed that the transceiver characteristics

remain independent from the antenna.

NOTE 3: Aeronautical Surface Movement Radars covered by the present document are expected to use the bands

9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz and/or 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz. According article 5 of the ITU Radio

Regulations [3] the band 9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz is allocated to the Aeronautical Radionavigation

Service on a primary basis and the band 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz is allocated to the Radionavigation

Service on a primary basis.

NOTE 4: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive

2014/53/EU [i.1] is given in annex A.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are specific, identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number. Only the cited

version applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ECC Recommendation (02)05 (2012): "Unwanted emissions".

[2] ERC Recommendation 74-01 (2019): "Unwanted emissions in the spurious domain".

[3] ITU Radio Regulations (2016).
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.

[i.2] Merrill I. Skolnik: "Radar Handbook", 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill publications.

[i.3] IEC 60153-2 (Edition 2.0, 1974): "Hollow metallic waveguides. Part 2: Relevant specifications for

ordinary rectangular waveguides".
[i.4] Void.

[i.5] Recommendation ITU-R SM.1541-6 (08/2015): "Unwanted emissions in the out-of-band domain".

[i.6] Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request

to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European

Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive

2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council.
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms apply:
active state: which produces the authorized emission

allocated band: frequency span that regionally or nationally is allocated to one or more radio services on a primary or

secondary basis

NOTE: A table of national frequency allocations are normally available from the radio authority for each national

state. Also a generic frequency allocation table is available in the ITU Radio Regulations [3].

declared band: band or bands within which the product under test is declared to operate in the applicable operating

modes

NOTE: The declared band for a given region or country is always contained within the allocated band.

idle/standby state: where the transmitter is available for traffic, but is not in the active state

necessary bandwidth: width of the frequency band which is just sufficient to ensure the transmission of information at

the rate and with the quality required under specified conditions for a given class of emission

NOTE: This definition is taken from ITU Radio Regulations [3].

Minimum Detectable Signal (MDS): measure of the lowest detectable signal amplitude for a given signal type for a

given radar

NOTE: For solid state radars a processing gain can be associated with a received signal. This processing gain has

the effect of lowering the MDS level in comparison to a MDS which is based only on noise temperature.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)

occupied bandwidth: width of a frequency band such that, below the lower and above the upper frequency limits, the

mean powers emitted are each equal to a specified percentage β/2 of the total mean power of a given emission

NOTE 1: This definition is taken from ITU Radio Regulations [3].

NOTE 2: Unless otherwise specified in an Recommendation ITU-R for the appropriate class of emission, the value

of β/2 should be taken as 0,5 %.

operating mode: predefined configuration for a given service accessible to the operator of the radar system

NOTE 1: Several operating modes may be available.

NOTE 2: Changing operating mode might affect the radio characteristics of the radar system.

Peak Envelope Power (PEP): average power supplied to the antenna transmission line by a transmitter during one

radio frequency cycle at the crest of the modulation envelope taken under normal operating conditions

NOTE: This definition is taken from ITU Radio Regulations [3].

product configuration: hardware variant of the same typology of system under test (e.g. different power outputs,

magnetrons)
pulse duration: time between the 50 % amplitude (voltage) points

pulse rise time: time taken for the leading edge of the pulse to increase from 10 % to 90 % of the maximum amplitude

(voltage)

simple pulse radar: radar using pulsed emissions but not using frequency, phase or power modulation

3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
B -40 dB bandwidth
-40
B Chirp bandwidth
B Necessary bandwidth
B 3 dB resolution bandwidth of transceiver
res
dB/dec dB per decade
dBpp dB with respect to peak power
D Detectability Factor (function of PD & Pfa)
no spur
k Boltzmann's constant
MDS Minimum Detectable Signal
NF Noise Factor of the system
sys
Probability of detection
P Probability of false alarm
P Pulse power of transmission
t Time
t Pulse duration
t Pulse rise time
T Temperature in Kelvin
T Pulse length (of individual chirp) in seconds
λ Wavelength
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
10 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
AC Alternating Current
A-SMGCS Advanced - Surface Movement Guidance and Control System
EN European Standard
FM Frequency Modulation
LNA Low Noise Amplifier
MDS Minimum Detectable Signal
OoB Out-of-Band
PEP Peak Envelope Power
ppm part(s) per million
RF Radio Frequency
SMR Surface Movement Radar
WG WaveGuide
4 Technical requirements specifications
4.1 Environmental profile

The technical requirements of the present document apply under the environmental profile for operation of the

equipment, which shall be declared by the manufacturer, but as a minimum, shall be that specified in the test conditions

contained in the present document. The equipment shall comply with all the technical requirements of the present

document which are identified as applicable in annex A at all times when operating within the boundary limits of the

declared operational environmental profile.
4.2 Conformance requirements
4.2.1 Transmitter requirements
4.2.1.1 Frequency Tolerance
4.2.1.1.1 Definition

The transmitter of a pulsed radar produces microwave pulses, which cause a broad frequency spectrum, depending on

the pulse duration.
The
...

Draft ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.0 (2019-03)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Advanced Surface Movement Guidance
and Control System (A-SMGCS);
Part 6: Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum for
deployed surface movement radar sensors;
Sub-part 1: X-band sensors using pulsed signals and
transmitting power up to 100 kW
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Draft ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.0 (2019-03)
Reference
REN/ERM-TGAERO-37-6-1
Keywords
aeronautical, ATM, harmonised standard,
interoperability, regulation
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2019.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

TM TM

3GPP and LTE are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
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3 Draft ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.0 (2019-03)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 8

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 8

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 Technical requirements specifications ................................................................................................... 10

4.1 Environmental profile ....................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2 Conformance requirements .............................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.1 Transmitter requirements ............................................................................................................................ 10

4.2.1.1 Frequency Tolerance ............................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.1.1.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.1.1.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.1.1.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.1.2 Transmitter power ................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1.2.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.2.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1.2.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.3 Measured Bandwidth ............................................................................................................................ 11

4.2.1.3.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.3.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1.3.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.4 Out-of-band emissions .......................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.4.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.4.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.1.4.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.1.5 Spurious emissions ................................................................................................................................ 13

4.2.1.5.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.1.5.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 14

4.2.1.5.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 14

4.2.1.6 Stand-by Mode Emissions ..................................................................................................................... 14

4.2.1.6.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 14

4.2.1.6.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.1.6.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2 Receiver requirements ................................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.2.1 System Noise Figure ............................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.2.1.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.1.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.2.1.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.2 Receiver Selectivity .............................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.2.2.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.2.2 Limit ................................................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.2.2.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.3 Receiver Compression Level ................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.2.3.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.3.2 Limit ................................................................................................................................................ 16

4.2.2.3.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 16

5 Testing for compliance with technical requirements .............................................................................. 16

5.0 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 16

ETSI
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4 Draft ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.0 (2019-03)

5.1 Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 16

5.1.1 Test Conditions ........................................................................................................................................... 16

5.1.2 Normal temperature and humidity .............................................................................................................. 16

5.1.3 Normal test power supply ........................................................................................................................... 16

5.2 Interpretation of the measurements results ....................................................................................................... 16

5.3 Radio test suites ................................................................................................................................................ 17

5.3.1 Transmitter test specification ...................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.1.1 Frequency Tolerance ............................................................................................................................. 17

5.3.1.2 Transmitter power ................................................................................................................................. 17

5.3.1.3 Measured Bandwidth ............................................................................................................................ 17

5.3.1.4 Out-of-Band-emissions ......................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.1.5 Spurious emissions ................................................................................................................................ 20

5.3.1.6 Stand-by Mode Emissions ..................................................................................................................... 20

5.3.2 Receiver test specification .......................................................................................................................... 21

5.3.2.1 System Noise Figure ............................................................................................................................. 21

5.3.2.1.0 General ............................................................................................................................................ 21

5.3.2.2 Receiver Selectivity .............................................................................................................................. 21

5.3.2.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................ 21

5.3.2.2.1 Receiver Out-of-Band selectivity .................................................................................................... 22

5.3.2.3 Receiver Compression Level ................................................................................................................ 23

5.3.2.3.0 General ............................................................................................................................................ 23

5.3.2.3.1 Receiver Compression Level ........................................................................................................... 23

Annex A (informative): Relationship between the present document and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU ......................................................... 24

Annex B (normative): Transmission power and unwanted emissions of radar systems with

indirect methods ............................................................................................. 25

Annex C (normative): Calculation of the -40 dB Bandwidth ........................................................... 26

Annex D (informative): Maximum Measurement Uncertainty .......................................................... 28

Annex E (informative): Bibliography ................................................................................................... 29

Annex F (informative): Change history ............................................................................................... 30

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 31

ETSI
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5 Draft ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.0 (2019-03)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This draft Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electromagnetic

compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM), and is now submitted for the combined Public Enquiry and Vote

phase of the ETSI standards EN Approval Procedure.

The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.6] to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation

of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing

Directive 1999/5/EC [i.1].

Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with

the normative clauses of the present document given in table A.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of the present

document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive, and associated

EFTA regulations.

The present document is part 6, sub-part 1 of a multi-part deliverable covering Advanced Surface Movement Guidance

and Control System (A-SMGCS), as identified below:

Part 1: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS surveillance service";

Part 2: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS Level 2 including external interfaces";

Part 3: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for a deployed cooperative sensor including its interfaces";

Part 4: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for a deployed non-cooperative sensor including its interfaces";

Part 5: "Harmonised Standard for access to the radio spectrum for Multilateration (MLAT) equipment";

Part 6: "Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum for deployed surface movement radar

sensors";

Sub-part 1: "X-band sensors using pulsed signals and transmitting power up to 100 kW".

Part 7: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS routing service";
ETSI
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6 Draft ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.0 (2019-03)

Part 8: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS guidance service";
National transposition dates
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 3 months after ETSI publication
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 6 months after doa

Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 18 months after doa

Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
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7 Draft ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.0 (2019-03)
1 Scope

The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for monostatic X-band radar

sensors intended for the surveillance of airport surface movement traffic with the following characteristics:

• Operating in one or both of the following frequency ranges:

- 9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz and 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz utilizing modulated or unmodulated pulses.

• Transmitter Peak Envelope Power up to 100 kW.

• The transceiver-antenna connection is using a hollow metallic rectangular waveguide.

• The antenna is rotating, waveguide-based and passive.
• At the transceiver output an RF-circulator is used.

NOTE 1: Since transceiver and antenna are hollow metallic rectangular waveguide based the frequency range for

measurements that needs to be addressed covers 6,56 GHz to 26 GHz. The lower limit of this frequency

range is obtained as cut-off frequency of the combination of WR112/R84 taper section and a WR90/R100

Waveguide IEC 60153-2 [i.3]. The upper limit corresponds to the upper limit stated in table 1 of ERC

Recommendation 74-01 [2].

NOTE 2: Since at the transceiver output an RF circulator is used, it is assumed that the transceiver characteristics

remain independent from the antenna.

NOTE 3: Aeronautical Surface Movement Radars covered by the present document are expected to use the bands

9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz and/or 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz. According article 5 of the ITU Radio

Regulations [3] the band 9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz is allocated to the Aeronautical Radionavigation

Service on a primary basis and the band 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz is allocated to the Radionavigation

Service on a primary basis.

NOTE 4: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive

2014/53/EU [i.1] is given in annex A.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are specific, identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number. Only the cited

version applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ECC Recommendation (02)05 (2012): "Unwanted emissions".

[2] ERC Recommendation 74-01 (2011): "Unwanted emissions in the spurious domain".

[3] ITU Radio Regulations (2016).
ETSI
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8 Draft ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.0 (2019-03)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.

[i.2] Merrill I. Skolnik: "Radar Handbook", 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill publications.

[i.3] IEC 60153-2 (Edition 2.0, 1974): "Hollow metallic waveguides. Part 2: Relevant specifications for

ordinary rectangular waveguides".
[i.4] Void.

[i.5] Recommendation ITU-R SM.1541-6 (08/2015): "Unwanted emissions in the out-of-band domain".

[i.6] Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request

to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European

Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive

2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council.
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms apply:
active state: which produces the authorized emission

allocated band: frequency span that regionally or nationally is allocated to one or more radio services on a primary or

secondary basis

NOTE: A table of national frequency allocations are normally available from the radio authority for each national

state. Also a generic frequency allocation table is available in the ITU Radio Regulations [3].

declared band: band or bands within which the product under test is declared to operate in the applicable operating

modes

NOTE: The declared band for a given region or country is always contained within the allocated band.

idle/standby state: where the transmitter is available for traffic, but is not in the active state

necessary bandwidth: width of the frequency band which is just sufficient to ensure the transmission of information at

the rate and with the quality required under specified conditions for a given class of emission

NOTE: This definition is taken from ITU Radio Regulations [3].

Minimum Detectable Signal (MDS): measure of the lowest detectable signal amplitude for a given signal type for a

given radar

NOTE: For solid state radars a processing gain can be associated with a received signal. This processing gain has

the effect of lowering the MDS level in comparison to a MDS which is based only on noise temperature.

ETSI
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9 Draft ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.0 (2019-03)

occupied bandwidth: width of a frequency band such that, below the lower and above the upper frequency limits, the

mean powers emitted are each equal to a specified percentage β/2 of the total mean power of a given emission

NOTE 1: This definition is taken from ITU Radio Regulations [3].

NOTE 2: Unless otherwise specified in an Recommendation ITU-R for the appropriate class of emission, the value

of β/2 should be taken as 0,5 %.

operating mode: predefined configuration for a given service accessible to the operator of the radar system

NOTE 1: Several operating modes may be available.

NOTE 2: Changing operating mode might affect the radio characteristics of the radar system.

Peak Envelope Power (PEP): average power supplied to the antenna transmission line by a transmitter during one

radio frequency cycle at the crest of the modulation envelope taken under normal operating conditions

NOTE: This definition is taken from ITU Radio Regulations [3].

product configuration: hardware variant of the same typology of system under test (e.g. different power outputs,

magnetrons)
pulse duration: time between the 50 % amplitude (voltage) points

pulse rise time: time taken for the leading edge of the pulse to increase from 10 % to 90 % of the maximum amplitude

(voltage)

simple pulse radar: radar using pulsed emissions but not using frequency, phase or power modulation

3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
B -40 dB bandwidth
-40
B Chirp bandwidth
B Necessary bandwidth
B 3 dB resolution bandwidth of transceiver
res
dB/dec dB per decade
dBpp dB with respect to peak power
D Detectability Factor (function of PD & Pfa)
no spur
k Boltzmann's constant
MDS Minimum Detectable Signal
NF Noise Factor of the system
sys
Probability of detection
P Probability of false alarm
P Pulse power of transmission
t Time
t Pulse duration
t Pulse rise time
T Temperature in Kelvin
T Pulse length (of individual chirp) in seconds
λ Wavelength
ETSI
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10 Draft ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.0 (2019-03)
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
AC Alternating Current
A-SMGCS Advanced - Surface Movement Guidance and Control System
EN European Standard
FM Frequency Modulation
LNA Low Noise Amplifier
MDS Minimum Detectable Signal
OoB Out-of-Band
PEP Peak Envelope Power
RF Radio Frequency
SMR Surface Movement Radar
WG WaveGuide
4 Technical requirements specifications
4.1 Environmental profile

The technical requirements of the present document apply under the environmental profile for operation of the

equipment, which shall be declared by the manufacturer, but as a minimum, shall be that specified in the test conditions

contained in the present document. The equipment shall comply with all the technical requirements of the present

document which are identified as applicable in annex A at all times when operating within the boundary limits of the

declared operational environmental profile.
4.2 Conformance requirements
4.2.1 Transmitter requirements
4.2.1.1 Frequency Tolerance
4.2.1.1.1 Defi
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1:2019
01-september-2019
Napredni sistem za vodenje in nadzor gibanja po zemlji (A-SMGCS) - 6. del:
Harmonizirani standard za dostop do radijskega spektra za aktivno zaznavalo
radarja za površinsko gibanje - 1. poddel: Zaznavala, ki delujejo v frekvenčnem
pasu X (10,525 GHz), z impulznimi signali in oddajno močjo do 100 kW
Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (A-SMGCS) - Part 6:
Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum for deployed surface movement

radar sensors - Sub-part 1: X-band sensors using pulsed signals and transmitting power

up to 100 kW
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
ICS:
03.220.50 Zračni transport Air transport
49.090 Oprema in instrumenti v On-board equipment and
zračnih in vesoljskih plovilih instruments
SIST EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1:2019 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1:2019
ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Advanced Surface Movement Guidance
and Control System (A-SMGCS);
Part 6: Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum for
deployed surface movement radar sensors;
Sub-part 1: X-band sensors using pulsed signals and
transmitting power up to 100 kW
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1:2019
2 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
Reference
REN/ERM-TGAERO-37-6-1
Keywords
aeronautical, ATM, harmonised standard,
interoperability, regulation
ETSI
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Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
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All rights reserved.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1:2019
3 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 8

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 8

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 8

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 Technical requirements specifications ................................................................................................... 10

4.1 Environmental profile ....................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2 Conformance requirements .............................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.1 Transmitter requirements ............................................................................................................................ 10

4.2.1.1 Frequency Tolerance ............................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.1.1.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.1.1.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.1.1.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.1.2 Transmitter power ................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1.2.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.2.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1.2.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.3 Measured Bandwidth ............................................................................................................................ 11

4.2.1.3.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.3.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.1.3.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.4 Out-of-band emissions .......................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.4.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1.4.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2.1.4.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.1.5 Spurious emissions ................................................................................................................................ 13

4.2.1.5.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.1.5.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 14

4.2.1.5.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 14

4.2.1.6 Stand-by Mode Emissions ..................................................................................................................... 14

4.2.1.6.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 14

4.2.1.6.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.1.6.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2 Receiver requirements ................................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.2.1 System Noise Figure ............................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.2.1.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.1.2 Limits .............................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.2.1.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.2 Receiver Selectivity .............................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.2.2.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.2.2 Limit ................................................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.2.2.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.3 Receiver Compression Level ................................................................................................................ 15

4.2.2.3.1 Definition......................................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2.3.2 Limit ................................................................................................................................................ 16

4.2.2.3.3 Conformance ................................................................................................................................... 16

5 Testing for compliance with technical requirements .............................................................................. 16

5.0 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 16

ETSI
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SIST EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1:2019
4 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)

5.1 Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 16

5.1.1 Test Conditions ........................................................................................................................................... 16

5.1.2 Normal temperature and humidity .............................................................................................................. 16

5.1.3 Normal test power supply ........................................................................................................................... 16

5.2 Interpretation of the measurements results ....................................................................................................... 16

5.3 Radio test suites ................................................................................................................................................ 17

5.3.1 Transmitter test specification ...................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.1.1 Frequency Tolerance ............................................................................................................................. 17

5.3.1.2 Transmitter power ................................................................................................................................. 17

5.3.1.3 Measured Bandwidth ............................................................................................................................ 17

5.3.1.4 Out-of-Band-emissions ......................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.1.5 Spurious emissions ................................................................................................................................ 19

5.3.1.6 Stand-by Mode Emissions ..................................................................................................................... 19

5.3.2 Receiver test specification .......................................................................................................................... 20

5.3.2.1 System Noise Figure ............................................................................................................................. 20

5.3.2.1.0 General ............................................................................................................................................ 20

5.3.2.2 Receiver Selectivity .............................................................................................................................. 20

5.3.2.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................ 20

5.3.2.2.1 Receiver Out-of-Band selectivity .................................................................................................... 21

5.3.2.3 Receiver Compression Level ................................................................................................................ 22

5.3.2.3.0 General ............................................................................................................................................ 22

5.3.2.3.1 Receiver Compression Level ........................................................................................................... 22

Annex A (informative): Relationship between the present document and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU ......................................................... 23

Annex B (normative): Transmission power and unwanted emissions of radar systems with

indirect methods ............................................................................................. 24

Annex C (normative): Calculation of the -40 dB Bandwidth ........................................................... 25

Annex D (informative): Maximum Measurement Uncertainty .......................................................... 27

Annex E (informative): Bibliography ................................................................................................... 28

Annex F (informative): Change history ............................................................................................... 29

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 30

ETSI
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SIST EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1:2019
5 ETSI EN 303 213-6-1 V3.1.1 (2019-07)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

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Foreword

This Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electromagnetic

compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM).

The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.6] to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation

of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing

Directive 1999/5/EC [i.1].

Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with

the normative clauses of the present document given in table A.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of the present

document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive, and associated

EFTA regulations.

The present document is part 6, sub-part 1 of a multi-part deliverable covering Advanced Surface Movement Guidance

and Control System (A-SMGCS), as identified below:

Part 1: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS surveillance service";

Part 2: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS Level 2 including external interfaces";

Part 3: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for a deployed cooperative sensor including its interfaces";

Part 4: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for a deployed non-cooperative sensor including its interfaces";

Part 5: "Harmonised Standard for access to the radio spectrum for Multilateration (MLAT) equipment";

Part 6: "Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum for deployed surface movement radar

sensors";

Sub-part 1: "X-band sensors using pulsed signals and transmitting power up to 100 kW".

Part 7: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS routing service";
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Part 8: "Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation

EC 552/2004 for A-SMGCS guidance service";
National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 17 June 2019
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 30 September 2019
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 31 March 2020
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 March 2021
Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

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1 Scope

The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for monostatic X-band radar

sensors intended for the surveillance of airport surface movement traffic with the following characteristics:

• Operating in one or both of the following frequency ranges:

- 9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz and 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz utilizing modulated or unmodulated pulses.

• Transmitter Peak Envelope Power up to 100 kW.

• The transceiver-antenna connection is using a hollow metallic rectangular waveguide.

• The antenna is rotating, waveguide-based and passive.
• At the transceiver output an RF-circulator is used.

NOTE 1: Since transceiver and antenna are hollow metallic rectangular waveguide based the frequency range for

measurements that needs to be addressed covers 6,56 GHz to 26 GHz. The lower limit of this frequency

range is obtained as cut-off frequency of the combination of WR112/R84 taper section and a WR90/R100

Waveguide IEC 60153-2 [i.3]. The upper limit corresponds to the upper limit stated in table 1 of ERC

Recommendation 74-01 [2].

NOTE 2: Since at the transceiver output an RF circulator is used, it is assumed that the transceiver characteristics

remain independent from the antenna.

NOTE 3: Aeronautical Surface Movement Radars covered by the present document are expected to use the bands

9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz and/or 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz. According article 5 of the ITU Radio

Regulations [3] the band 9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz is allocated to the Aeronautical Radionavigation

Service on a primary basis and the band 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz is allocated to the Radionavigation

Service on a primary basis.

NOTE 4: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive

2014/53/EU [i.1] is given in annex A.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are specific, identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number. Only the cited

version applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ECC Recommendation (02)05 (2012): "Unwanted emissions".

[2] ERC Recommendation 74-01 (2019): "Unwanted emissions in the spurious domain".

[3] ITU Radio Regulations (2016).
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2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.

[i.2] Merrill I. Skolnik: "Radar Handbook", 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill publications.

[i.3] IEC 60153-2 (Edition 2.0, 1974): "Hollow metallic waveguides. Part 2: Relevant specifications for

ordinary rectangular waveguides".
[i.4] Void.

[i.5] Recommendation ITU-R SM.1541-6 (08/2015): "Unwanted emissions in the out-of-band domain".

[i.6] Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request

to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European

Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive

2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council.
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms apply:
active state: which produces the authorized emission

allocated band: frequency span that regionally or nationally is allocated to one or more radio services on a primary or

secondary basis

NOTE: A table of national frequency allocations are normally available from the radio authority for each national

state. Also a generic frequency allocation table is available in the ITU Radio Regulations [3].

declared band: band or bands within which the product under test is declared to operate in the applicable operating

modes

NOTE: The declared band for a given region or country is always contained within the allocated band.

idle/standby state: where the transmitter is available for traffic, but is not in the active state

necessary bandwidth: width of the frequency band which is just sufficient to ensure the transmission of information at

the rate and with the quality required under specified conditions for a given class of emission

NOTE: This definition is taken from ITU Radio Regulations [3].

Minimum Detectable Signal (MDS): measure of the lowest detectable signal amplitude for a given signal type for a

given radar

NOTE: For solid state radars a processing gain can be associated with a received signal. This processing gain has

the effect of lowering the MDS level in comparison to a MDS which is based only on noise temperature.

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occupied bandwidth: width of a frequency band such that, below the lower and above the upper frequency limits, the

mean powers emitted are each equal to a specified percentage β/2 of the total mean power of a given emission

NOTE 1: This definition is taken from ITU Radio Regulations [3].

NOTE 2: Unless otherwise specified in an Recommendation ITU-R for the appropriate class of emission, the value

of β/2 should be taken as 0,5 %.

operating mode: predefined configuration for a given service accessible to the operator of the radar system

NOTE 1: Several operating modes may be available.

NOTE 2: Changing operating mode might affect the radio characteristics of the radar system.

Peak Envelope Power (PEP): average power supplied to the antenna transmission line by a transmitter during one

radio frequency cycle at the crest of the modulation envelope taken under normal operating conditions

NOTE: This definition is taken from ITU Radio Regulations [3].

product configuration: hardware variant of the same typology of system under test (e.g. different power outputs,

magnetrons)
pulse duration: time between the 50 % amplitude (voltage) points

pulse rise time: time taken for the leading edge of the pulse to increase from 10 % to 90 % of the maximum amplitude

(voltage)

simple pulse radar: radar using pulsed emissions but not using frequency, phase or power modulation

3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
B -40 dB bandwidth
-40
B Chirp bandwidth
B Necessary bandwidth
B 3 dB resolution bandwidth of transceiver
res
dB/dec dB per decade
dBpp dB with respect to peak power
D Detectability Factor (function of PD & Pfa)
no spur
k Boltzmann's constant
MDS Minimum Detectable Signal
NF Noise Factor of the system
sys
Probability of detection
P Probability of false alarm
P Pulse power of transmission
t Time
t Pulse duratio
...

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